Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1749
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Arslanoglu S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Inadequate nutrition leading to growth failure is common among premature infants. Although fortified breast milk (breast milk plus commercially prepared fortifier) is the preferred feeding, nutrient intakes achieved with fortified breast milk fall short of meeting nutrient needs. This is mainly due to inadequate protein content of fortifiers and ...
Marzotto Marta - - 2006
This study focuses on the potentiality of a putative probiotic strain, Lactobacillus paracasei A, to survive gastrointestinal (GI) passage and modulate the resident microbiota of healthy infants. In a placebo-controlled study, 26 children aged 12-24 months received 100 g/day of either fermented milk containing strain A or pasteurized yogurt for ...
Bode Lars - - 2006
Human milk is often the sole dietary source for the first few months in life. It contains all the nutrients necessary for the infant to thrive, but also ingredients that may provide health benefits beyond those of traditional nutrients. Human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) comprise part of these functional ingredients; 1 ...
Shoji Hiromichi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Phospholipids (PLs) play an essential role in the growth and brain development of infants. AIM: To investigate PL composition in human milk (HM), including lysophosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylcholine (PC) and sphingomyelin (SM), from healthy Japanese mothers. Analyses were performed on colostrum, transitional milk and mature milk from mothers ...
Miralles Olga - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Leptin, a hormone that regulates food intake and energy metabolism, is present in breast milk. The aim of this study was to determine whether milk leptin concentration is correlated with maternal circulating leptin and BMI and with body weight gain of infants. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A group of ...
Kierson Jennifer A - - 2006
AIM: To determine whether ghrelin and cholecystokinin (CCK) are present in significant quantities in term and preterm human breast milk, and to identify their source. METHODS: Samples were collected from 10 mothers who delivered term infants and 10 mothers who delivered preterm infants. Estimated fat content was measured. Ghrelin and ...
Almeida Simone G - - 2006
The authors studied quality control procedures at human milk banks and nutritional profiles of 909 milk samples (from 195 donors, aged 15 to 45 years) from banked human milk (BHM) in Brasília, Brazil. Number of donations per donor ranged from 1 to > 10 that consisted mostly of mature milk ...
Bronsky Jirí - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding may protect children from developing metabolic syndrome and other diseases later in life. We investigated novel proteins in human breast milk that might play a role in this process. METHODS: We used ELISA to measure adiponectin, adipocyte and epidermal fatty acid binding proteins (AFABP, EFABP), and leptin concentrations ...
Brimecombe R - - 2007
Amitraz is a formamide acaracide used in the control of ticks and mites in livestock. An electrochemical method for the determination of total amitraz residues and its final breakdown product, 2,4-dimethylaniline, is presented. Cyclic voltammetry at a glassy carbon electrode showed the irreversible oxidation of amitraz and of 2,4-dimethylaniline. A ...
Tanaka Atsuko - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This research was performed with the objective of investigating the renal effects on premature newborn infants of fortifying banked donor human milk. METHODS: Clinical intervention trial, of the before-and-after type, involving 28 premature newborn infants split into two groups by postconceptional age at the start of the study: GI ...
Pagliari Ana Valéria - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to determine the fluoride concentration in some brands of mother's milk substitutes and evaluate the possibility of developing dental fluorosis by consuming these products. The products, all powdered, were divided into 3 groups: infant formulae (group I, n = 7), milk-based (group M, ...
Phiri William - - 2006
In a longitudinal cohort study we investigated factors contributing to breast milk HIV RNA viral load among lactating women in Lusaka, Zambia. Detailed data from 135 HIV-infected women were collected by questionnaires concerning postpartum maternal and infant health and infant feeding practice. Maternal blood was collected during pregnancy and at ...
MacNeil M D - - 2006
The objective of this research was to partition phenotypic variation in calf gain from birth to weaning, and milk production measured, by the weigh-suckle-weigh method, and udder score of cows into genetic and nongenetic components. Data were from the Line 1 Hereford population maintained by USDA-ARS at Miles City, MT, ...
Maschmann J - - 2006
Freezing human milk is recommended to inactivate cytomegalovirus (CMV). A case of a preterm infant exclusively receiving frozen breast milk from his CMV seropositive mother showed that storage of breast milk for two months at -20 degrees C did not prevent symptomatic postnatal CMV infection.
Damgaard Ida N - - 2006
Prenatal exposure to some pesticides can adversely affect male reproductive health in animals. We investigated a possible human association between maternal exposure to 27 organochlorine compounds used as pesticides and cryptorchidism among male children. Within a prospective birth cohort, we performed a case-control study; 62 milk samples from mothers of ...
Rakicio─člu Nesli┼čah - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There are many advantages of breast milk for infants. Many factors can affect the volume and composition of breast milk. One of them is the maternal diet. The objective of this study is to determine the effect of Ramadan fasting on maternal nutrition and breast milk composition. METHODS: A ...
Abdel-Latif Mohamed E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to assess the effects of breast milk on the severity and outcome of neonatal abstinence syndrome. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 190 drug-dependent mother and infant pairs. Patients were categorized according to the predominant type of milk consumed by the ...
Ward Robert E - - 2006
It has been proposed that human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) function as a prebiotic for bifidobacteria, yet this activity has not been adequately investigated. In this study, Bifidobacterium infantis was shown to ferment purified HMO as a sole carbon source, while another gut commensal, Lactobacillus gasseri, did not ferment HMO. Our ...
Savenije O E M - - 2006
Test weighing is commonly used to estimate milk intake in newborn infants. To assess the accuracy and precision of test weighing in clinical practice. Infants fed by bottle, cup, or nasogastric tube were weighed before and immediately after feeding by a blinded investigator. Actual milk intake was determined by reading ...
Hackett L Peter - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the transfer of reboxetine into milk, the absolute and relative infant doses via milk and to assess plasma concentrations and adverse unwanted effects in the breastfed infant. METHODS: Multiple samples of blood and milk were obtained over a dose interval at steady-state from four women who were ...
Martin Lisa J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that human milk has a role in the gastrointestinal, neural, and immune development of neonates. If present in milk, adiponectin would be a promising candidate for influencing infant development, given its metabolic functions. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to determine whether adiponectin is present in human ...
Mannion Cynthia A - - 2006
Some pregnant women may be advised or choose to restrict milk consumption and may not take appropriate supplements. We hypothesized that maternal milk restriction during pregnancy, which can reduce intakes of protein, calcium, riboflavin and vitamin D, might represent a health risk by lowering infant birth weight. We screened women ...
Lubetzky Ronit - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Little is known about circadian variations of the fat content in expressed human milk by mothers of preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the fat content of expressed preterm human milk is higher in samples expressed in the evening (i.e. after 3 daily meals) than in the ...
Rychert Jenna J Department of Microbiology, Immunology, Parasitology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 1901 Perdido St., New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, - - 2006
To develop effective intervention strategies that prevent breast milk transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), we must understand the specific viral properties and mechanisms responsible for infant infection. We have used lactating rhesus macaques infected with a pathogenic simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) stock to analyze the viral genotypes expressed in ...
Boyd Catherine A - - 2007
To compare the effect of donor breast milk with infant formula in preterm infants. Separate comparisons with formula were made for donor breast milk that was: (1) given as a sole diet; (2) given as a supplement to mother's own breast milk; and (3) fortified with macronutrients and micronutrients. The ...
Ilett Kenneth F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of the transfer of probenecid and cephalexin into human milk. CASE SUMMARY: A breast-fed infant of a 30-year-old woman being treated with oral probenecid and cephalexin for a breast infection developed severe diarrhea and associated symptoms. To investigate whether the maternal drug treatment was causative, ...
Mastroeni Silmara S B S - - 2006
The objective of this study was to determine the concentrations of Fe, K, Na, Ca, P, Zn and Mg in colostrum and mature milk (2 months) from nursing mothers, and the correlation between the concentration of these micronutrients and newborn weight, maternal age, gestational age GA, inter-pregnancy interval, and gestational ...
Coelho Sónia - - 2006
A 5-month-old-male was observed for an acrodermatitis enteropathica-like skin eruption evolving since the second month. He was born prematurely at 27 weeks and his neonatal course was complicated by respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis and subependimary haemorrhage. He was fed with breast milk from the second day of life, fortified initially ...
Jarjou Landing M A LM Medical Research Council Keneba, Keneba, The - - 2006
Growth and bone mineral accretion in Gambian infants are poorer than those in Western populations. The calcium intake of Gambian women is low, typically 300-400 mg Ca/d, and they have low breast-milk calcium concentrations, which result in low calcium intakes for their breastfed infants. A low maternal calcium supply in ...
Israel-Ballard Kiersten A - - 2006
Although heat treatment of human milk is an official infant-feeding recommendation for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive mothers in Zimbabwe, its implementation has not been adequately addressed, because knowledge about the safety of this method is rudimentary and its acceptability is poorly understood. To address this knowledge gap, the authors conducted ...
Lottrup G - - 2006
Phthalates adversely affect the male reproductive system in animals, inducing hypospadias, cryptorchidism, reduced testosterone production and decreased sperm counts. Phthalate effects are much more severe after in utero than adult exposure. Little is known about human health effects. This study discusses two recent studies on perinatal phthalate exposure, which indicated ...
Cavalli Claudio - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The goal was to determine the free sugars and polyols in human breast milk, both term and preterm, for comparison with formula milks. METHODS: Methodology was developed for the measurement of the free sugars and polyols in breast milk. There were 16 samples collected from women who delivered at ...
Klier Claudia M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Herbal preparations for depression, such as St. John's wort, are often preferred over pharmaceutical preparations by mothers and midwives after childbirth because these preparations are available to patients as over-the-counter "natural" treatments and are popularly assumed to be safe. The only existing report on St. John's wort excretion into ...
Quiles José L - - 2006
Coenzyme Q10(CoQ10) in human milk at different stages of maturity in mothers of preterm and full-term infants and its relation to the total antioxidant capacity of milk is described for the first time. Thirty healthy breastfeeding women provided colostrum, transition-milk and mature-milk samples. Coenzyme Q, alpha-, gamma- and delta-tocopherol, fatty ...
Corvaglia Luigi - - 2006
We evaluated the efficacy of the thickening of human milk by precooked starch in reducing gastroesophageal reflux in preterm infants. Five preterm infants with frequent regurgitations (median gestational age, 28 weeks; range, 27 to 32 weeks; median birth weight, 990 g; range, 570 to 1900 g) were fed alternately during ...
Kim John - - 2006
To compare the disposition of fluoxetine and norfluoxetine enantiomers in the mother, foetus and infant. Blood from pregnant women taking fluoxetine (n = 9), during pregnancy was sampled in the third trimester and at delivery (maternal and cord venous blood), and from the infants 48 h after delivery. The subset ...
Main Katharina M - - 2006
Phthalates adversely affect the male reproductive system in animals. We investigated whether phthalate monoester contamination of human breast milk had any influence on the postnatal surge of reproductive hormones in newborn boys as a sign of testicular dysgenesis. We obtained biologic samples from a prospective Danish-Finnish cohort study on cryptorchidism ...
Korchazhkina O - - 2006
Compared to formula, breast milk is considered to have superior antioxidant properties and consequently may reduce the occurrence of a number of diseases of prematurity associated with oxidative stress. To test whether the antioxidant properties of breast milk in healthy premature infants are different to those of formula milk by ...
Kunisue Tatsuya - - 2006
Contamination levels of persistent organochlorines (OCs) such as polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs), biphenyls (PCBs), dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane and its metabolites (DDTs), hexachlorocyclohexane isomers (HCHs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), and chlordane compounds (CHLs) was examined in human breast milk collected during 2001-2004 from Fukuoka prefecture in Japan. The concentrations of OCs such as dioxins ...
Silvestre D - - 2006
Human milk provides infants with defensive factors against many illnesses. This study aims to analyse global bactericidal activity in fresh human milk and evaluate its stability in relation to milk manipulation and its possible alteration following refrigeration. Nineteen milk samples (mature milk) from 19 healthy women are analysed. Viability testing ...
Sharp Julie A - - 2006
The fur seal (Arctocephalus spp. and Callorhinus spp., members of the pinniped family) is a mammal with the unusual capability to modulate its lactation cycle by turning milk production on and off without the typical mammalian regression and involution of the mammary gland. Lactation has evolved from constraints arising from ...
Takasaki Tai-Ichi - - 2006
The authors performed a complete repair for a total defect type aortopulmonary window (APW) in an extremely low birth weight neonate weighing 1.1 kg. The APW was repaired using an autologous pericardial patch. A novel cardiopulmonary bypass system with low priming volume allowed a safe surgery for the premature patient.
Bell Stacey J - - 2006
Milk from dairy cows has long provided a high quality source of protein and selected micronutrients such as calcium to most populations. Recently, a relationship between disease risk and consumption of a specific bovine ss-casein fraction either A1 or A2 genetic variants has been identified. Populations, which consume milk containing ...
Campbell-Yeo Marsha L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Domperidone, a drug that enhances upper gastric motility, is an anti-dopaminergic medication that also elevates prolactin levels. It has been shown to safely increase the milk supply of lactating women. To date, researchers have analyzed the effects of domperidone on lactating woman with respect to the quantity of their ...
Stepans Mary Beth Flanders - - 2006
A pilot study tested the relationship between human milk oligosaccharide consumption, oligosaccharide content of feces, and subsequent disease in breastfed infants. Forty-nine (49) mother-infant pairs provided milk and fecal samples 2 weeks postpartum; infant health was assessed through 2, 6, 12, and 24 weeks. LNF-II (lacto-N-fucopentaose II), a major human ...
Lönnerdal Bo - - 2006
Human milk provides proteins that benefit newborn infants. They not only provide amino acids, but also facilitate the absorption of nutrients, stimulate growth and development of the intestine, modulate immune function, and aid in the digestion of other nutrients. Breastfed infants have a lower prevalence of infections than formula-fed infants. ...
Byrne Paul A - - 2006
Group B streptococcus is currently the most common cause of sepsis and meningitis in newborns. How should mothers whose breast milk cultures show growth of this microorganism be managed regarding breastfeeding? This case study discusses the possible transfer of group B streptococcus to a preterm infant from mother's milk. It ...
Meier Paula P - - 2006
The creamatocrit (CRCT), a simple, accurate, and inexpensive technique for the estimation of lipid and caloric content in mothers' milk, has been used extensively in lactation research, but has not been integrated into the routine management of clinical lactation problems such as slow weight gain in mothers' milk-fed preterm and ...
Lee Martin L - - 2006
Nutritional studies of human milk in pre-term infants provide a unique challenge in clinical research. In this paper we review the general tenets of good clinical design and analysis and show how they might be properly applied in these situations. The recommendations are then compared with the approach used in ...
Hassan Ahmed M - - 2006
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Aflatoxin as a mycotoxin constitutes a real human threat. Its presence in human milk was previously reported in different countries. This work is the first Egyptian report that aimed to assess the presence of aflatoxin in both mothers' milk and the infants' sera and studied its correlation with infants' ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >