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Neuman Asa A Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, - - 2014
Factors associated with early onset of wheeze have been described, but there is limited knowledge on which of these infant wheezers who will have developed asthma in school age. The aim was to identify clinical risk factors for asthma in the 8-yr-old children that wheezed during infancy in a population-based ...
Hasegawa Kohei K Department of Emergency Medicine (KH, CAC), Boston, MA, - - 2014
Bronchiolitis is a common early childhood illness and an important cause of morbidity, it is the number one cause of hospitalization among US infants. Bronchiolitis is also an active area of research, and recent studies have advanced our understanding of this illness. Although it has long been the conventional wisdom ...
Heller M C MC Comparative Internal Medicine Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Allergic asthma is increasing in industrialized countries, especially in children. Rodent and human studies suggest an opportunity to "prevent" asthma in the perinatal period. The aims of this study were to create a more "natural" model of feline asthma by exposing offspring of asthmatic queens to Bermuda grass allergen (BGA) ...
Bousquet Jean J University Hospital, Montpellier and INSERM U1018, Villejuif. Electronic address: - - 2014
Population-based birth cohorts on asthma and allergies increasingly provide new insights into the development and natural history of the diseases. More than 130 birth cohorts focusing on asthma and allergy have been initiated in the last 30 years. A National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; ...
Pinninti Swetha G SG Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, , Birmingham, Alabama, - - 2014
Neonatal herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections are rare but are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Advances in diagnostic modalities to identify these infants, as well as the development of safe and effective antiviral therapy, have revolutionised the management of affected infants. This review will summarise the epidemiology of neonatal ...
Taddio Anna - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate the impact of a parent-directed instructional pamphlet about managing pain during infant vaccinations.Design and Sample: New mothers hospitalized following birth of an infant at two hospitals participated in a "before-and-after" study. In the "after" phase, the pamphlet was passively inserted in discharge packages at the intervention hospital.Main ...
Valet Robert S RS Division of Allergy, Pulmonary, and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine , Nashville, - - 2014
It is unknown whether gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) during infancy affects infant bronchiolitis severity or childhood asthma inception. Four hundred thirty-two infants presenting with acute respiratory illness due to bronchiolitis or upper respiratory infection were studied. The primary exposure was the parental report of a previous GERD diagnosis. Outcomes included ...
Eke Gungor Hatice H Department of Pediatric Allergy, Erciyes University School of Medicine, Kayseri, - - 2014
Objective: Wheezing is a common and challenging health issue in infancy and early childhood. Asthma diagnosis is frequent in patients with a history of recurrent wheezing. A relationship has been reported between asthma and anti-inflammatory mediators such as lipoxin A4 and annexin A1. However, this remains uncertain in wheezy infants. ...
Sonnenschein-van der Voort Agnes M M AM Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam; Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam; Division of Respiratory Medicine, Department of Paediatrics, Erasmus Medical Center, - - 2014
Preterm birth, low birth weight, and infant catch-up growth seem associated with an increased risk of respiratory diseases in later life, but individual studies showed conflicting results. We performed an individual participant data meta-analysis for 147,252 children of 31 birth cohort studies to determine the associations of birth and infant growth ...
Machado Júnior Luís Carlos LC Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
this study aimed to review the literature regarding late preterm births (34 weeks to 36 weeks and 6 days of gestation) in its several aspects. the MEDLINE, LILACS, and Cochrane Library databases were searched, and the references of the articles retrieved were also used, with no limit of time. numerous ...
Sears Malcolm R - - 2014
The asthma epidemic of the last few decades may have peaked; studies suggest that the incidence and prevalence of asthma has decreased in some countries in the last few years, although other studies suggest continuing small increases in prevalence. Increasing awareness and changing diagnostic habits make precise evaluation of epidemiologic ...
Hayes Donald K DK Hawai'i Department of Health, Honolulu, HI (DKH, DWF, - - 2014
Asthma, diabetes, and high blood pressure are common maternal conditions that can impact birth outcomes. Data from hospital discharges in Hawai'i were analyzed for 107,034 singleton births from 2003-2008. Categories were determined using the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, ninth revision (ICD-9) from linked delivery records of mother and infant. ...
Sanchez-Solis Manuel M Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca. Pabellon Docente, Universitario. Campus Ciencias de la Salud, Ctra. Madrid-Cartagena, s/n. 30120 El Palmar, Murcia. - - 2014
Recurrent wheeze is a very frequent disease during infancy. In many cases, this condition is a transient one, but some infants who suffer from this illness, have a persistent recurrent wheeze. During the past decades different international cohorts have been designed to answer what are the risk factors to develop ...
Mbada Chidozie E - - 2013
Mothers' poor knowledge and negative attitude towards breastfeeding may influence practices and constitute barriers to optimizing the benefits of the baby-friendly initiative. This study assessed breastfeeding knowledge, attitude and techniques of postures, positioning, hold practice and latch-on among Nigerian mothers from a Semi-Urban community. Three hundred and eighty three consenting ...
Banta-Wright Sandra A SA 1 University of Washington , Seattle, - - 2013
Abstract Objective: This study described the prevalence and duration of mothers' breastfeeding infants with phenylketonuria (PKU) and explored factors related to duration of breastfeeding as a surrogate for breastfeeding success. Subjects and Methods: Descriptive analysis as performed from an international Internet survey of mothers (n=103) who met the inclusion criteria: ...
Murphy Vanessa E VE Centre for Asthma and Respiratory Diseases, University of Newcastle and Hunter Medical Research Institute, Newcastle, NSW, - - 2013
There are few studies investigating the relationship between respiratory viral infection in pregnancy and asthma in the offspring, and none among mothers with asthma. Infants of mothers with asthma are more likely to wheeze and have a higher risk of developing asthma than infants of non-asthmatic mothers. A prospective cohort ...
Elliott M - - 2013
There are limited data assessing the predictive value of fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO ) for persistence of wheezing, exacerbations, or lung function change over time in infants/toddlers with recurrent wheezing. In an ongoing longitudinal cohort of infants and toddlers with recurrent wheezing, we compared predictive values of single-breath ...
Harju Maijakaisa - - 2013
To evaluate the association between gestational age at birth and the risk of subsequent development of asthma. We conducted a retrospective observational hospital-based birth case-control study in a university-based obstetrics and gynecology department in Finland. A total of 44 173 women delivering between 1989 and 2008 were linked with the social ...
Huang Lisu - - 2013
Evidence shows that asthma originates in early life. Studies have found that phototherapy and/or neonatal jaundice may be associated with asthma. We investigated the association between neonatal bilirubin levels and childhood asthma without phototherapy intervention in the Collaborative Perinatal Project, a multicenter prospective cohort study conducted in the United States ...
Gunawardhana Lakshitha P - - 2013
Asthma is a complex disease that involves both genetic factors and environmental exposures. Aberrant epigenetic modifications, such as DNA methylation, may be important in asthma development. Fetal exposure to maternal asthma during critical periods of in utero development may lead to epigenetic alterations that predispose infants to a greater risk ...
Loke Alice Yuen - - 2013
To explore the maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy of Chinese women, the breastfeeding behaviors of newborns, and the relationship with breastfeeding outcomes at 6 weeks postpartum. Descriptive correlation study. Postnatal ward of a regional maternity hospital PARTICIPANTS: All postnatal Chinese women who were admitted from mid-February 2010 to mid-March 2010 with the ...
Pattemore Philip K - - 2013
Most infant wheeze is not asthma. Nonetheless, infants are able to develop reversible airway obstruction with or without allergic sensitisation, and asthma does occur at this age. The many other causes of infant wheeze, however, make asthma more difficult to distinguish from the background 'noise'. Consideration of risk factors and ...
Shin Youn Ho YH Department of Pediatrics, Gangnam CHA Medical Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Previous studies suggest that the concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in cord blood may show an inverse association with respiratory tract infections (RTI) during childhood. The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of 25(OH)D concentrations in cord blood on infant RTI in a Korean birth cohort. ...
Huang Yi - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Some professional associations advocate bedsharing to facilitate breastfeeding, while others recommend against it to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome and suffocation deaths. A better understanding of the quantitative influence of bedsharing on breastfeeding duration is needed to guide policy. OBJECTIVE To quantify the influence of bedsharing ...
Meier Paula - - 2013
Among infants born moderately and late preterm or early term, the greatest challenge for breastfeeding management is the late preterm infant (LPI) who is cared for with the mother in the maternity setting. Breastfeeding failure among LPIs and their mothers is high. Evidence-based strategies are needed to protect infant hydration ...
Mendola Pauline - - 2013
Maternal asthma is associated with serious pregnancy complications, but newborn morbidity is understudied. We wanted to determine whether infants of asthmatic mothers have more neonatal complications. The Consortium on Safe Labor (2002-2008), a retrospective cohort, included 223,512 singleton deliveries at ≥23 weeks' gestation. Newborns of mothers with asthma (n = 17,044) were ...
Wang Pingli - - 2013
Epidemiological studies suggest that maternal exposure to environmental hazards, such as particulate matter, is associated with increased incidence of asthma in childhood. We hypothesized that maternal exposure to combustion derived ultrafine particles containing persistent free radicals (MCP230) disrupts the development of the infant immune system and results in aberrant immune ...
Venero Fernández Silvia Josefina - - 2013
Background: Cuba is a unique country, and despite limited economic development has an excellent health system. However, the prevalence of asthma symptoms in children in Havana, Cuba, is unusually high. Since early life exposures are critical to the aetiology of asthma, we have studied environmental influences on the risk of ...
Martin P E - - 2013
Socio-demographic predictors for the development of clinically observed, infantile eczema have not been formally examined in a large population-based study. Few studies of eczema risk factors have included current, objective eczema outcomes as well as parent-reported history. We aimed to measure the population prevalence of infantile eczema using novel sampling ...
Buzzi Eleonora - - 2013
Candida spp. frequently cause invasive fungal disease in neonates, and many organs or apparatus can be involved through bloodstream dissemination. Though Candida spp. can heavily colonize the upper and lower respiratory tract, an end-organ localization to the lung is not frequent and acquisition via descending/respiratory route is a questioned entity. ...
Tang Li L School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, - - 2013
The World Health Organization recommends that newborn infants be breastfed within the first hour of life, a practice that improves infant health and reduces neonatal mortality. The objectives of this study were to report the rate of breastfeeding initiation within 1 hour of birth in Jiangyou, China, to determine its impact ...
Parker Margaret - - 2013
Background:Mothers of preterm and sick infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) often encounter more difficulties with breastfeeding than mothers of healthy term newborns. The extent to which Baby-Friendly designation is associated with breastfeeding rates for NICU infants over time is unknown.Objective:This study aimed to determine the rate ...
Goldberg Michael R - - 2013
Background:We previously demonstrated that the proliferative response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in cord blood mononuclear cells (CBMC) is negatively correlated to the induced expression of interleukein (IL)-4. Our aim, therefore, was to examine whether an impaired cellular response to LPS in infancy, is associated with the risk for asthma.Methods:In a prospective ...
Kent Jacqueline C - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The most common reason given for discontinuation of exclusive breastfeeding is perceived insufficient milk supply. Breastfed infants show more variation in feeding frequency than bottle-fed infants, and this may lead to a mother lacking confidence in her milk supply if the frequency of breastfeeding sessions does not match ...
Chau Shuk-Kuen - - 2013
Reported herein are two cases of severe phenotype of congenital myotonic dystrophy (CDM) with presentation of respiratory insufficiency at birth. The infants were successfully managed with bi-level positive airway pressure (BiPAP) via nasal mask. The use of BiPAP in infants with CDM has not been reported before. The rationale for ...
Liu Ping - - 2013
Background:Factors associated with breastfeeding need to be explored in the northwest of China.Objective:This study aimed to measure the full duration of breastfeeding and identify factors associated with breastfeeding in Shihezi City in Northwest China.Methods:A prospective cohort study was undertaken to obtain details of child feeding practices using structured questionnaires in ...
Patel Rita - - 2013
The PROmotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT) is a multicentre, cluster-randomized controlled trial conducted in the Republic of Belarus, in which the experimental intervention was the promotion of increased breastfeeding duration and exclusivity, modelled on the Baby-friendly hospital initiative. Between June 1996 and December 1997, 17 046 mother-infant pairs were ...
Chen Shu - - 2013
Background:Breastfeeding practices might be influenced by migration to another country. Although the "healthy migrant effect" is commonly reported in epidemiology, evidence for it in breastfeeding practices is weak.Objectives:This study aimed to compare the initiation and duration of breastfeeding between Chinese Australian migrants and Chinese mothers in mainland China and test ...
Tromp I I M - - 2013
Background/objectives:Many parents do not follow recommendations for the timing of introduction of complementary feeding. The aim of this study was to identify determinants associated with the timing of introduction of complementary feeding in a multiethnic birth cohort.Subjects/methods:Subjects were 3561 mothers and infants participating in a prospective cohort study. The timing ...
Cetinkaya Merih - - 2013
Acute scrotal abscess is a rare condition in neonates. Most of these abscesses were reported to be unilateral and caused by Staphylococcus and Salmonella spp. Herein, we report a bilateral scrotal abscess in a preterm infant and Candida albicans was isolated from the scrotal fluid culture. To our knowledge, this ...
Kornides Melanie - - 2013
We examined how prenatal exposure to breastfeeding information from various media sources, maternal knowledge of benefits, family and clinician support, and peer practices influence breastfeeding outcomes in early infancy. Initiation of breastfeeding, any breastfeeding at two months, and exclusivity of breastfeeding at two months were examined in a cohort of ...
- - 2013
The American Academy of Pediatrics recognizes breastfeeding and human milk as the "normative standards for infant feeding." Given the documented health benefits, the Academy recommends exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, followed by continued breastfeeding for at least 12 months as complementary foods are introduced. To better understand trends during 2000-2008 ...
Lau Susanne - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Increasing understanding of mechanisms and influencing factors in the development of uncontrolled inflammatory responses in atopy and asthma should serve for the introduction of new preventive measures. This review tries to present the current state of the art and resumes that until now, no really effective concept ...
Handa Deepali - - 2013
The pediatrician plays a major role in advocating, promoting, and managing breastfeeding, beginning in the prenatal period by providing facts and discussing questions and concerns regarding breastfeeding with the expectant mother and continuing after delivery in the hospital and during infant health supervision visits. The early weeks after birth require ...
Yong Su-Boon - - 2013
Perinatal nutrition has been implicated in the programming of diseases in children and adults. The prevalence of asthma has dramatically increased in the past few decades, particularly in children. This suggests that the perinatal environment, including maternal and infant diets, may be involved in the increase in the prevalence of ...
Castro-Rodriguez Jose A - - 2013
Objective. The aim of this post hoc analysis was to establish the relationship between FE(NO) levels and the asthma predictive index (API) among infants with recurrent wheezing. Methods. Infants with recurrent wheezing (three or more episodes) were recruited consecutively and online FE(NO) tests at tidal breathing with multiple breaths were ...
Pike Katharine C KC Clinical and Experimental Sciences Academic Unit, University of Southampton Faculty of Medicine, Southampton, - - 2013
Obesity and asthma have increased in westernised countries. Maternal obesity may increase childhood asthma risk. If this relation is causal, it may be mediated through factors associated with maternal adiposity, such as fetal development, pregnancy complications or infant adiposity. We investigated the relationships of maternal body mass index (BMI) and ...
Osborn David A - - 2013
Prebiotics (commonly oligosaccharides) added to infant feeds have the potential to prevent sensitisation of infants to dietary allergens. To determine the effect of prebiotic given to infants for the prevention of allergy. We performed an updated search in August 2012 of the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The ...
Dosanjh Amrita - - 2013
Exposure to microbes may result in maternal immune responses that can affect fetal immune development. Several lines of evidence have shown that mycobacterial antigens can change the onset of atopic disease. We hypothesized that infants born to mothers with a positive tuberculosis (TB) test and a negative chest radiograph, may ...
Nermes Merja - - 2013
Background. The hygiene hypothesis suggests that high hygiene standards have led to an immune dysfunction and an increase in allergic diseases. Farming-related exposures are associated with a decreased risk of asthma. Since the gut microbiota may be a pivotal component in the hygiene hypothesis, we studied whether perinatal exposure to ...
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