Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1581
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Cressey Peter - - 2010
A survey of the fluoride content of infant and toddler formulae available on the New Zealand market was conducted. Results were used to estimate the dietary fluoride intake for a fully formula-fed infant. Infant and toddler formulae were prepared according to manufacturers' instructions with fluoride-free water and analyzed for fluoride ...
Li Juan - - 2010
Controversy exists about the safety of soy formula, with the main concern relating to potential estrogenic effects of soy protein. Since estrogens influence early brain development, we compared behavioral development and cortical responses (event-related potentials; ERPs) to speech sounds in infants fed either breast milk or formula (milk- or soy-based). ...
Capeding Rosario - - 2010
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Breast milk contains lutein derived from the mother's diet. This carotenoid is currently not added to infant formula, which has a small and variable lutein content from innate ingredients. This study was conducted to compare the growth of infants fed lutein-fortified infant formula with that of infants fed infant ...
Burrell Shelle-Ann M - - 2010
Infant formulas are sophisticated milk-based feeds for infants which are used as a substitute for breast milk. Historically they are known to be contaminated by aluminium and in the past this has raised health concerns for exposed infants. We have measured the aluminium content of a number of widely used ...
Raes M - - 2010
This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study, aimed to explore the effect of an infant milk formula (IMF) with 6 g/l short-chain galacto- and long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (scGOS/lcFOS, ratio 9:1) on basal immune parameters in 215 healthy, term infants during the first 26 wk of life. After birth, the infants received breast milk ...
Hausner Helene - - 2010
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Infants may learn to accept flavours via exposure to flavour in mother's milk. This study examines whether acceptance of a flavour compound develops over 10 exposures through mother's milk (part 1), and how such acceptance evolves after 10 exposures, on alternate days, to the same flavour in ...
Ye Yingwang - - 2009
Enterobacter sakazakii is an emerging foodborne pathogen associated with meningitis, necrotizing enterocolitis, and sepsis in infants. One of the main transmission vehicles is the commercially available infant formulas. To provide efficient options and direction for detecting E. sakazakii in infant formulas, evaluation of different polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays targeting ...
Cao Xu-Liang - - 2009
Information on migration of bisphenol A (BPA) from can coatings to foods during storage at room temperature is very limited, and the conclusions from the available studies are not always consistent. To investigate the effect of storage time on BPA migration from can coatings to liquid infant formula at room ...
Clifford Helen - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To identify the fluoride content of powdered formula for infants 0-12 months in products available from Brisbane stores in 2006/07 and compare this with the fluoride content of infant formula products available in Australia 10 years earlier. METHODS: A range of available infant formula powders were collected from major ...
Al-Holy M A - - 2010
AIMS: To investigate the effect of lactic acid (LA), copper (II), and monolaurin as natural antimicrobials against Cronobacter in infant formula. METHODS AND RESULTS: The effect of LA (0.1, 0.2 and 0.3% v/v), copper (II) (10, 50 and 100 microg ml(-1)) and monolaurin (1000, 2000, and 3000 microg ml(-1)) suspended ...
Baldassarre Maria Elisabetta - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To determine the benefits of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) in an extensively hydrolyzed casein formula (EHCF) in improving hematochezia and fecal calprotectin over EHCF alone. STUDY DESIGN: Fecal calprotectin was compared in 30 infants with hematochezia and 4 weeks after milk elimination with that of a healthy group. We ...
Richardson Arena N - - 2009
Cronobacter sakazakii is an opportunistic pathogen that has been isolated from powdered infant formulas. C. sakazakii infection can result in serious illnesses such as bacteremia, septicemia, meningitis, and death in at-risk infants who are orally fed contaminated reconstituted powdered infant formulas. The objective of this study was to compare the ...
Donovan Sharon M - - 2009
Soy protein-based infant formulas (SF) are commonly used to feed infants during their first year of life. SF contains isoflavones, which influence cell proliferation, but their actions in the developing intestine have received little attention. Herein, the impact of soy isoflavones and SF on intestinal development and rotavirus (RV) infectivity ...
Sherman Philip M - - 2009
Initial bacterial colonization, including colonization with health-positive bacteria, such as bifidobacteria and lactobacilli, is necessary for the normal development of intestinal innate and adaptive immune defenses. The predominance of beneficial bacteria in the gut microflora of breast-fed infants is thought to be, at least in part, supported by the metabolism ...
- - 2009
Cronobacter spp. (formerly Enterobacter sakazakii) are rare causes of infant septicemia and meningitis, resulting in death in approximately 40% of cases. Since 1958, 120 cases of Cronobacter infection in infants have been reported, an average of fewer than three cases per year worldwide. Powdered infant formula (PIF), which is not ...
Schwartz Jana - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The breastfed infant is usually used as standard for formula feeding, also regarding long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA). Here, plasma fatty acid concentrations in formula fed infants and the effects of LC-PUFA supplementation were investigated under real-life conditions. METHOD: Term healthy infants being fully milk fed until the age ...
Hobbs David J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate the use of adult renal formulas in hyperkalemic infants with chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: This was a retrospective, single-center cohort study. SETTING: This study took place at the Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Dialysis, and Transplantation at Helen DeVos Children's Hospital (Grand Rapids, MI). ...
Gilchrist Janet M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine if differences exist in hormone-sensitive organ size between infants who were fed soy formula (SF), milk formula (MF), or breast milk (BF). STUDY DESIGN: Breast buds, uterus, ovaries, prostate, and testicular volumes were assessed by ultrasonography in 40 BF, 41 MF, and 39 SF infants at age ...
Siew Chakwan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The authors conducted a study to determine concentrations of fluoride in infant formulas, and to estimate fluoride intake in infants consuming predominantly formula. The authors compared estimated fluoride ingestion with the tolerable upper limit and adequate intake level for fluoride recommended by the Institute of Medicine (IOM). METHODS: The ...
Le Blay Gwena?lle - - 2010
A new in vitro fermentation model with immobilised infant faecal microbiota simulating the proximal colon of a formula-fed baby was developed and used to test the effects of known prebiotic fructans. Intestinal fermentation, based on a previously developed colonic fermentation model, using a new feeding medium simulating a formula-fed infant ...
Andersson Yvonne - - 2009
The ontogeny of the immune system and the effect thereon by type of infant feeding is incompletely understood. We analyzed frequencies and composition of immune cells in blood of breastfed (BF) and formula-fed (FF) infants at 1.5, 4, and 6 mo of age. Three formulas with the same protein concentration ...
Drover James - - 2009
This study examines whether feeding infants formula supplemented with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) improves cognitive function of 9-month-olds. Participants included 229 infants from 3 randomized controlled trials. Children received either formula supplemented with docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid, or a control formula beginning at 1-5 days (12-month feeding study), ...
Bebawy Mary - - 2009
The effect of dietary nucleotides at concentrations found in supplemented infant formula on P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression in colon cells was examined. We report that P-gp expression in colon cells was significantly decreased in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. When colon cells were co-cultured with lymphocytes, so as to mimic the ...
Chen P-C - - 2009
AIM: To explore safe guidelines for manufacturers and consumers to prepare, handle and store dry infant formula (DIF) to protect infants against Cronobacter spp. METHODS AND RESULTS: Selected strains (2.45, FSM 293, ATCC-12868, FSM-271) screened from 68 strains of Cronobacter spp. were used to study growth and survival in commercial ...
Chap J - - 2009
A coordinated survey for Cronobacter and related organisms in powdered infant formula, follow up formula and infant foods was undertaken by 8 laboratories in 7 countries in recognition of and in response to the data needs identified in an FAO/WHO call for data in order to develop global risk management ...
Bettler Jodi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Lutein is a carotenoid that may play a role in eye health. Human milk typically contains higher concentrations of lutein than infant formula. Preliminary data suggest there are differences in serum lutein concentrations between breastfed and formula-fed infants. AIM OF THE STUDY: To measure the serum lutein concentrations among ...
Alexy U - - 2009
Iodine is a nutrient contributing to the development of the central nervous system. To assure a sufficient iodine intake, iodine fortification of complementary food (CF) is recommended. We describe the current fortification practice of commercial CF and formula in Germany as an example for other European countries, based on a ...
Osaili T - - 2009
Cronobacter is a newly described genus which includes opportunistic pathogens formerly known as 'Enterobacter sakazakii'. These organisms have been isolated from a wide variety of sources, including powdered infant formula (PIF). This review focuses on the desiccation survival of Cronobacter, and its relevance to vehicles of infection. Due to its ...
Rao Shripada - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review randomized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy and safety of prebiotic supplementation in full-term neonates. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL databases and proceedings of relevant conferences. STUDY SELECTION: Eleven of 24 identified trials (n = 1459) were eligible for inclusion. ...
Fritsché Rodolphe - - 2009
The goal of this article is to describe the use of in vitro methods as well as in vivo and ex vivo animal models to assess residual allergenicity of hypoallergenic (HA) foods, especially infant formulas. These animal models are also used for testing the oral tolerance-inducing capacities of infant formula; ...
Winter Harland S HS Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Unit, MassGeneral Hospital for Children, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2009
We tested the hypothesis that concentrated formula (CF) begun within the first 2 weeks of life increases growth in infants born to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected mothers. HIV-exposed infants from the United States, the Bahamas, and Brazil were randomized in a double-blind, controlled trial to receive either a CF (87 ...
Gounaris A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Immature gut motility in very low birth weight infants causes feeding intolerance. We evaluated the effect of domperidone, a prokinetic agent, on gastric emptying in very low birth weight infants. METHODS: The study was conducted in a crossover design. Gastric emptying was assessed ultrasonographically by measuring the time it ...
Hujoel Philippe P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Researchers have considered infant formula consumption a potential risk factor for enamel fluorosis in the U.S. population. The authors conducted a systematic review of controlled studies regarding the risk of developing enamel fluorosis associated with use of infant formula. METHODS: One reviewer independently conducted systematic searches in eight databases. ...
Ma Li - - 2009
Although breastfeeding is the best choice for most infants, infant formula is used widely, commonly introduced during the neonatal period, and usually given to infants in bottles that can be difficult to clean. We artificially contaminated infant feeding bottles with low and high inocula of bacterial enteric pathogens and evaluated ...
Day J B - - 2009
Francisella tularensis is a Gram-negative bacterium that can cause gastrointestinal or oropharyngeal tularemia in humans from ingestion of contaminated food or water. Despite the potential for accidental or intentional contamination of foods with F. tularensis, there are few studies on the long-term survivability of this organism in food matrices. Infant ...
Sleator Roy D - - 2009
Carnitine has beneficial vitamin-like qualities and functions as a compatible solute. The presence of L-carnitine in infant formula significantly promoted the growth of Listeria monocytogenes at 7 degrees C, whereas disruption of the genes for carnitine and glycine betaine uptake compromised growth of the L. monocytogenes mutant in formula containing ...
Joeckel Rebecca J - - 2009
Because every child has individual needs, there are a variety of infant and pediatric formulas from which to choose. Not only are there several categories of formulas including milk protein-based, soy protein-based, hydrolyzed protein, and amino acid-based, but there are differences between products within each category. Research is being done ...
Chenu J W - - 2009
The genus Cronobacter accommodates the 16 biogroups of the emerging opportunistic pathogen known formerly as Enterobacter sakazakii. Cronobacter spp. are occasional contaminants of milk powder and, consequently, powdered infant formula and represent a significant health risk to neonates. This review presents current knowledge of the food safety aspects of Cronobacter, ...
Stuart Sheela - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate comparability of viscosity of liquids used in assessment and treatment of infants with dysphagia. Goals of this study were as follows: (1) Establish baseline viscosity values for (a) the commercial barium assessment liquids of varying thicknesses and (b) clinically typical infant formula ...
Goldberg Isabell - - 2009
Enterobacter sakazakii, a pathogen that can be found in powdered infant milk formula, can cause adverse health effects on infants. Using Vickrey auction, this study examines parents' willingness to pay (WTP) for a quality assurance label on powdered infant milk formula. The influence of ambiguity with the incidence rate information ...
Erkekoglu Pinar - - 2009
Nitrites are responsible for methemoglobinemia, to which infants younger than 6 months are thought to be the most susceptible population. This study aimed to detect whether there was any nitrite contamination in infant formulas and baby foods marketed in Turkey and to estimate possible toxicological risks in this sensitive physiological ...
Mauer Lisa J - - 2009
Near- and mid-infrared spectroscopy methods (NIR, FTIR-ATR, FTIR-DRIFT) were evaluated for the detection and quantification of melamine in infant formula powder. Partial least-squares (PLS) models were established for correlating spectral data to melamine concentration: R(2) > 0.99, RMSECV ≤ 0.9, and RPD ≥ 12. Factorization analysis of spectra was able ...
Koletzko Berthold - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Protein intake during infancy was associated with rapid early weight gain and later obesity in observational studies. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to test the hypothesis that higher protein intake in infancy leads to more rapid length and weight gain in the first 2 y of life. DESIGN: In a ...
Rzehak Peter - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The short- and long-term effects of feeding with hydrolyzed formulas on growth are uncertain. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the potential differences in body mass index (BMI) over the first 6 y of life between infants fed with partially hydrolyzed whey (pHF-W), extensively hydrolyzed whey (eHF-W), extensively hydrolyzed ...
van Waardenburg Dick A - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nutritional support improves outcome in critically ill infants but is impeded by fluid restriction, gastric intolerance and feeding interruptions. Protein and energy-enriched infant formulas may help to achieve nutritional targets earlier during admission and promote anabolism. METHODS: Randomized controlled design. Infants with respiratory failure due to RSV-bronchiolitis ...
Herfel T M - - 2009
Oligosaccharides, the third largest component in human milk, are virtually absent from cow's milk and most infant formula. Prebiotic carbohydrates like polydextrose (PDX) have been proposed as surrogates for human milk oligosaccharides. Safety assessments of novel infant formula ingredients include dose-response experiments in appropriate neonatal animal models such as the ...
Wu Yong-Ning - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the occurrence and concentrations of melamine and its analogues in tainted infant formula and to identify the etiologic factors for the urinary stones epidemic in infants and young children in China in 2008. METHODS: Sanlu infant formula samples were collected from families of the affected children in ...
Jia Xu-Dong - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the dietary melamine exposure in Chinese infants and young children from the consumption of melamine adulterated Sanlu infant formula. METHODS: Four age groups of infants and young children (3, 6, 12, and 24 months) were chosen as the assessed subjects and the maximum amount of infant formula ...
Leung Cheung - - 2009
Hypernatremic dehydration is a rare but serious clinical condition in newborns and small infants. It is usually caused by diarrhea, improperly prepared infant formula, decreased fluid intake, or exclusive breastfeeding. Symptoms are usually masked until neurological symptoms occur. We report two infants who presented with fever and hypernatremic dehydration caused ...
O'Connor Nina R - - 2009
Although the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Family Physicians recommend breast milk for optimal infant nutrition, many parents still choose formula as an acceptable alternative. The wide variety of available formulas is confusing to parents and physicians, but formulas can be classified according to three basic ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >