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Gloria-Bottini F - - 2010
Several studies suggest a protective role of bilirubin against oxidative damage during the neonatal period. ADA1*2 allele has been found associated with higher bilirubin levels in newborns and with a protective action against bronchial asthma. Thus the relation between ADA1 and asthma could be mediated by events occurring during the ...
Skinner Carl G - - 2010
Melamine contamination of infant formula in China and its health effects highlight the safety of the global food supply especially as it relates to formula-fed infants. Melamine is a widely used industrial chemical not considered acutely toxic with a high LD(50) in animals. The data available on acute and chronic ...
van der Aa L B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials investigating the therapeutic effect of probiotics on atopic dermatitis (AD) show inconsistent results. Better results can possibly be achieved by combining probiotics with prebiotics, i.e. synbiotics. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effect of a synbiotic mixture on the severity of AD in infants. METHODS: In a double-blind, ...
Fanaro Silvia - - 2010
Optimal nutrition is one of the most important aspects in the care of pre-term infants, especially for the gestationally youngest ones. These infants should receive a supply of nutrients that can sustain growth similar to that of a third trimester normal foetus. Traditional pre-term formulas do not ensure an optimal ...
Agostoni Carlo - - 2010
The docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3) status of infants at birth and maternal DHA intake during pregnancy are interconnected and associated with infants' developmental performance. High-dosage supplementation of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs; particularly DHA) in mothers, started at mid-pregnancy, has been associated with long-term positive effects on intelligence quotient scores ...
Han Cuiping - - 2010
The purpose of this paper is to develop a sensitive and low-cost colorimetric method for detection of melamine using simple circuitry. The stable p-nitroaniline-modified silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were synthesized by a zero-length covalent coupling chemistry, which showed sensitivity and selectivity towards melamine. The melamine induces the aggregation of nanoparticles ...
Amesz Eline M - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postdischarge formulas with extra energy and protein improve short-term growth but may also influence long-term body composition in an unwanted manner. Energy- and protein-enriched formulas with an increased protein-to-energy ratio improves gain of lean mass. The objective of the study was to investigate whether feeding a nutrient-enriched ...
Jing Hongkui - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The extent to which adequate nutrition from infant diets differentially influence developmental outcomes in healthy infants has not been determined. AIM: To compare the effects of the major infant diets on the development of brain electrical activity during infancy. STUDY DESIGN: Scalp EEG signals (124 sites) recorded from the ...
Sausenthaler Stefanie - - 2010
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is some evidence that the type of infant formula received in early infancy has an influence on later food preferences. How long potential effects of taste programming persist is however not clear. Therefore, the aim of present study was to investigate whether feeding with different kinds ...
Makrides Maria - - 2010
There has been intense interest in the role of the n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3), in growth and development of infants. In 2009, there are at least twelve published randomized controlled trials (RCT) assessing the effects of LCPUFA supplementation of infant formula for preterm infants ...
Meucci V - - 2010
After birth, infant formulas constitute an important or often sole food source for infants during the first months of life. In this study, a survey on the presence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) and ochratoxin A (OTA) in the 14 leading brands of infant formulas marketed in Italy was conducted. Mycotoxins ...
Haschke Ferdinand - - 2010
Marketing-driven innovation in the field of pediatric nutrition, in particular in the infant formula segment is not sustainable. New benefits of products must be scientifically proven and safety and efficacy of new formulae established in clinical trials. The scientific innovation process of three infant formulae is described. Improvement in protein ...
Greer Frank R - - 2010
Innovation is about making changes. When it comes to health care, innovations, though they may be something 'new', may not be beneficial if not demonstrated to be an improvement over what is current practice. Innovations in pediatric nutrition sometimes fall into this category. The establishment of safe water and milk ...
Cressey Peter - - 2010
A survey of the fluoride content of infant and toddler formulae available on the New Zealand market was conducted. Results were used to estimate the dietary fluoride intake for a fully formula-fed infant. Infant and toddler formulae were prepared according to manufacturers' instructions with fluoride-free water and analyzed for fluoride ...
Li Juan - - 2010
Controversy exists about the safety of soy formula, with the main concern relating to potential estrogenic effects of soy protein. Since estrogens influence early brain development, we compared behavioral development and cortical responses (event-related potentials; ERPs) to speech sounds in infants fed either breast milk or formula (milk- or soy-based). ...
Capeding Rosario - - 2010
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Breast milk contains lutein derived from the mother's diet. This carotenoid is currently not added to infant formula, which has a small and variable lutein content from innate ingredients. This study was conducted to compare the growth of infants fed lutein-fortified infant formula with that of infants fed infant ...
Burrell Shelle-Ann M - - 2010
Infant formulas are sophisticated milk-based feeds for infants which are used as a substitute for breast milk. Historically they are known to be contaminated by aluminium and in the past this has raised health concerns for exposed infants. We have measured the aluminium content of a number of widely used ...
Raes M - - 2010
This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study, aimed to explore the effect of an infant milk formula (IMF) with 6 g/l short-chain galacto- and long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (scGOS/lcFOS, ratio 9:1) on basal immune parameters in 215 healthy, term infants during the first 26 wk of life. After birth, the infants received breast milk ...
Hausner Helene - - 2010
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Infants may learn to accept flavours via exposure to flavour in mother's milk. This study examines whether acceptance of a flavour compound develops over 10 exposures through mother's milk (part 1), and how such acceptance evolves after 10 exposures, on alternate days, to the same flavour in ...
Ye Yingwang - - 2009
Enterobacter sakazakii is an emerging foodborne pathogen associated with meningitis, necrotizing enterocolitis, and sepsis in infants. One of the main transmission vehicles is the commercially available infant formulas. To provide efficient options and direction for detecting E. sakazakii in infant formulas, evaluation of different polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays targeting ...
Cao Xu-Liang - - 2009
Information on migration of bisphenol A (BPA) from can coatings to foods during storage at room temperature is very limited, and the conclusions from the available studies are not always consistent. To investigate the effect of storage time on BPA migration from can coatings to liquid infant formula at room ...
Clifford Helen - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To identify the fluoride content of powdered formula for infants 0-12 months in products available from Brisbane stores in 2006/07 and compare this with the fluoride content of infant formula products available in Australia 10 years earlier. METHODS: A range of available infant formula powders were collected from major ...
Al-Holy M A - - 2010
AIMS: To investigate the effect of lactic acid (LA), copper (II), and monolaurin as natural antimicrobials against Cronobacter in infant formula. METHODS AND RESULTS: The effect of LA (0.1, 0.2 and 0.3% v/v), copper (II) (10, 50 and 100 microg ml(-1)) and monolaurin (1000, 2000, and 3000 microg ml(-1)) suspended ...
Baldassarre Maria Elisabetta - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To determine the benefits of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) in an extensively hydrolyzed casein formula (EHCF) in improving hematochezia and fecal calprotectin over EHCF alone. STUDY DESIGN: Fecal calprotectin was compared in 30 infants with hematochezia and 4 weeks after milk elimination with that of a healthy group. We ...
Richardson Arena N - - 2009
Cronobacter sakazakii is an opportunistic pathogen that has been isolated from powdered infant formulas. C. sakazakii infection can result in serious illnesses such as bacteremia, septicemia, meningitis, and death in at-risk infants who are orally fed contaminated reconstituted powdered infant formulas. The objective of this study was to compare the ...
Donovan Sharon M - - 2009
Soy protein-based infant formulas (SF) are commonly used to feed infants during their first year of life. SF contains isoflavones, which influence cell proliferation, but their actions in the developing intestine have received little attention. Herein, the impact of soy isoflavones and SF on intestinal development and rotavirus (RV) infectivity ...
Sherman Philip M PM Department of Paediatrics, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. - - 2009
Initial bacterial colonization, including colonization with health-positive bacteria, such as bifidobacteria and lactobacilli, is necessary for the normal development of intestinal innate and adaptive immune defenses. The predominance of beneficial bacteria in the gut microflora of breast-fed infants is thought to be, at least in part, supported by the metabolism ...
- - 2009
Cronobacter spp. (formerly Enterobacter sakazakii) are rare causes of infant septicemia and meningitis, resulting in death in approximately 40% of cases. Since 1958, 120 cases of Cronobacter infection in infants have been reported, an average of fewer than three cases per year worldwide. Powdered infant formula (PIF), which is not ...
Schwartz Jana - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The breastfed infant is usually used as standard for formula feeding, also regarding long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA). Here, plasma fatty acid concentrations in formula fed infants and the effects of LC-PUFA supplementation were investigated under real-life conditions. METHOD: Term healthy infants being fully milk fed until the age ...
Hobbs David J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate the use of adult renal formulas in hyperkalemic infants with chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: This was a retrospective, single-center cohort study. SETTING: This study took place at the Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Dialysis, and Transplantation at Helen DeVos Children's Hospital (Grand Rapids, MI). ...
Gilchrist Janet M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine if differences exist in hormone-sensitive organ size between infants who were fed soy formula (SF), milk formula (MF), or breast milk (BF). STUDY DESIGN: Breast buds, uterus, ovaries, prostate, and testicular volumes were assessed by ultrasonography in 40 BF, 41 MF, and 39 SF infants at age ...
Siew Chakwan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The authors conducted a study to determine concentrations of fluoride in infant formulas, and to estimate fluoride intake in infants consuming predominantly formula. The authors compared estimated fluoride ingestion with the tolerable upper limit and adequate intake level for fluoride recommended by the Institute of Medicine (IOM). METHODS: The ...
Le Blay Gwena?lle - - 2010
A new in vitro fermentation model with immobilised infant faecal microbiota simulating the proximal colon of a formula-fed baby was developed and used to test the effects of known prebiotic fructans. Intestinal fermentation, based on a previously developed colonic fermentation model, using a new feeding medium simulating a formula-fed infant ...
Andersson Yvonne - - 2009
The ontogeny of the immune system and the effect thereon by type of infant feeding is incompletely understood. We analyzed frequencies and composition of immune cells in blood of breastfed (BF) and formula-fed (FF) infants at 1.5, 4, and 6 mo of age. Three formulas with the same protein concentration ...
Bebawy Mary - - 2009
The effect of dietary nucleotides at concentrations found in supplemented infant formula on P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression in colon cells was examined. We report that P-gp expression in colon cells was significantly decreased in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. When colon cells were co-cultured with lymphocytes, so as to mimic the ...
Drover James J Retina Foundation of the Southwest, Dallas and Memorial University, Dallas, TX, USA. - - 2009
This study examines whether feeding infants formula supplemented with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) improves cognitive function of 9-month-olds. Participants included 229 infants from 3 randomized controlled trials. Children received either formula supplemented with docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid, or a control formula beginning at 1-5 days (12-month feeding study), ...
Chen P-C - - 2009
AIM: To explore safe guidelines for manufacturers and consumers to prepare, handle and store dry infant formula (DIF) to protect infants against Cronobacter spp. METHODS AND RESULTS: Selected strains (2.45, FSM 293, ATCC-12868, FSM-271) screened from 68 strains of Cronobacter spp. were used to study growth and survival in commercial ...
Chap J - - 2009
A coordinated survey for Cronobacter and related organisms in powdered infant formula, follow up formula and infant foods was undertaken by 8 laboratories in 7 countries in recognition of and in response to the data needs identified in an FAO/WHO call for data in order to develop global risk management ...
Bettler Jodi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Lutein is a carotenoid that may play a role in eye health. Human milk typically contains higher concentrations of lutein than infant formula. Preliminary data suggest there are differences in serum lutein concentrations between breastfed and formula-fed infants. AIM OF THE STUDY: To measure the serum lutein concentrations among ...
Alexy U - - 2009
Iodine is a nutrient contributing to the development of the central nervous system. To assure a sufficient iodine intake, iodine fortification of complementary food (CF) is recommended. We describe the current fortification practice of commercial CF and formula in Germany as an example for other European countries, based on a ...
Osaili T - - 2009
Cronobacter is a newly described genus which includes opportunistic pathogens formerly known as 'Enterobacter sakazakii'. These organisms have been isolated from a wide variety of sources, including powdered infant formula (PIF). This review focuses on the desiccation survival of Cronobacter, and its relevance to vehicles of infection. Due to its ...
Rao Shripada - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review randomized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy and safety of prebiotic supplementation in full-term neonates. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL databases and proceedings of relevant conferences. STUDY SELECTION: Eleven of 24 identified trials (n = 1459) were eligible for inclusion. ...
Fritsché Rodolphe - - 2009
The goal of this article is to describe the use of in vitro methods as well as in vivo and ex vivo animal models to assess residual allergenicity of hypoallergenic (HA) foods, especially infant formulas. These animal models are also used for testing the oral tolerance-inducing capacities of infant formula; ...
Winter Harland S HS Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Unit, MassGeneral Hospital for Children, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2009
We tested the hypothesis that concentrated formula (CF) begun within the first 2 weeks of life increases growth in infants born to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected mothers. HIV-exposed infants from the United States, the Bahamas, and Brazil were randomized in a double-blind, controlled trial to receive either a CF (87 ...
Gounaris A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Immature gut motility in very low birth weight infants causes feeding intolerance. We evaluated the effect of domperidone, a prokinetic agent, on gastric emptying in very low birth weight infants. METHODS: The study was conducted in a crossover design. Gastric emptying was assessed ultrasonographically by measuring the time it ...
Hujoel Philippe P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Researchers have considered infant formula consumption a potential risk factor for enamel fluorosis in the U.S. population. The authors conducted a systematic review of controlled studies regarding the risk of developing enamel fluorosis associated with use of infant formula. METHODS: One reviewer independently conducted systematic searches in eight databases. ...
Ma Li - - 2009
Although breastfeeding is the best choice for most infants, infant formula is used widely, commonly introduced during the neonatal period, and usually given to infants in bottles that can be difficult to clean. We artificially contaminated infant feeding bottles with low and high inocula of bacterial enteric pathogens and evaluated ...
Day J B - - 2009
Francisella tularensis is a Gram-negative bacterium that can cause gastrointestinal or oropharyngeal tularemia in humans from ingestion of contaminated food or water. Despite the potential for accidental or intentional contamination of foods with F. tularensis, there are few studies on the long-term survivability of this organism in food matrices. Infant ...
Sleator Roy D - - 2009
Carnitine has beneficial vitamin-like qualities and functions as a compatible solute. The presence of L-carnitine in infant formula significantly promoted the growth of Listeria monocytogenes at 7 degrees C, whereas disruption of the genes for carnitine and glycine betaine uptake compromised growth of the L. monocytogenes mutant in formula containing ...
Joeckel Rebecca J - - 2009
Because every child has individual needs, there are a variety of infant and pediatric formulas from which to choose. Not only are there several categories of formulas including milk protein-based, soy protein-based, hydrolyzed protein, and amino acid-based, but there are differences between products within each category. Research is being done ...
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