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Delhikumar C G - - 2011
A 15-day- old male infant presented with features suggestive of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). But on detailed investigation, he had normal 17-OH Progesterone and high aldosterone levels. Infant also had right sided hydronephrosis and associated urinary tract infection. Hence, a diagnosis of secondary pseudohypoaldosteronism was made. There was good response ...
El-Gamal Yehia M - - 2011
Several population-based birth cohort studies documented that 30% of children suffer from wheezing during respiratory infections before their third birthday. Infants are prone to wheeze because of anatomic factors related to the lung and chest wall in addition to immunologic and molecular influences in comparison to older children. Viral infections ...
Shi Nianwen - - 2011
Abstract Objective: Healthcare use and costs within 1 year of a respiratory syncytial virus lower respiratory tract infection (RSV-LRI) among Medicaid early-preterm and late-preterm infants compared with full-term infants were evaluated. Methods: Infants born during 2003-2005 were identified from the Thomson Reuters MarketScan Multi-State Medicaid Database. Infants <1 year of ...
Dani Carlo - - 2011
Abstract Objectives. Our aim was to evaluate whether single and multiple intubation-surfactant-extubation (INSURE) procedures have similar effects on the need of mechanical ventilation (MV) and occurrence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in extremely preterm infants. Methods. We studied infants of <30 weeks of gestation with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) who were treated with ...
Johnston C Celeste - - 2012
The aim of this single-blind, randomized, crossover trial was to test the effect of Touch & Talk (T&T) for infants and toddlers less than 36 months of age (N = 65) in the pediatric intensive care unit on their physiological stability and recovery to an invasive procedure. In the T&T ...
Iavazzo C - - 2011
Our objective was to show the way the classic CAH presents after birth as a severe condition and develops to the adult life, effecting growth, height and weight, appearance, fertility, relationships and quality of life. We report the case of a 23-years-old female with the classic Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) ...
Amat Flore - - 2011
Background. In recurrent wheezing infants, it is important to identify those likely to remain asthmatic in order to propose appropriate long-term management. Objective. To establish predictive factors for persistent asthma at adolescence in a population of recurrent wheezing infants. Methods. Retrospective study of 227 infants. Inclusion criteria were age under ...
Palmer Liisa - - 2011
To determine, among a commercially-insured population of late-preterm infants, utilization of healthcare resources and costs during the 1 year following a diagnosis of respiratory syncytial virus lower respiratory infection (RSV LRI). Administrative claims for non-capitated, commercially-insured infants <1 year old were used to identify infants diagnosed with RSV LRI and ...
Dukhovny Dmitry - - 2011
To determine the cost-effectiveness of treatment with caffeine compared with placebo for apnea of prematurity in infants with birth weights less than 1250 g, from birth through 18 to 21 months' corrected age. We undertook a retrospective economic evaluation of the cost per survivor without neurodevelopmental impairment by using individual-patient ...
Schiess Sonia A - - 2010
Intake of energy providing liquids (EPL) other than breast milk or formula to infants is discouraged because it may displace milk intake. Data on actual practice is lacking. To describe the current practice of EPL supply to infants in five European countries. Breastfed (BF) infants and infants fed using two ...
van Hasselt P M - - 2010
Vitamin K deficiency (VKD) may cause life-threatening haemorrhages, especially in breast-fed infants with unrecognised cholestasis. Interestingly, hypoallergenic formulas appear overrepresented in reported cases of VKD bleeding (VKDB) in formula-fed infants. We therefore assessed whether the risk of VKD in formula-fed infants with cholestasis is associated with hypoallergenic formulas. Infants born ...
Trabulsi J - - 2011
Protein concentration is lower in human milk (HM) than in infant formula. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of an α-lactalbumin-enriched formula with a lower protein concentration on infant growth, protein markers and biochemistries. Healthy term formula-fed (FF) infants 5-14 days old were randomized in this ...
Chen Ping - - 2011
Compared with normal birth weight fetuses (2,500-4,000 g), accurate fetal weight estimation for fetuses with low or excessive weight is considered more important for fetal compromise prediction and labor management. New formulas were developed to estimate weight for low birth weight (LBW) fetuses and macrosomic fetuses, respectively. A total of 523 ...
Cseh Aron - - 2010
The objective of our study was to investigate the prevalence of CD4 T lymphocyte subsets and their commitment to TH1 or TH2 direction in 10 infants with allergic colitis (AC) and 10 healthy controls. Infants with AC presented with a higher ratio of naïve to memory cells, lower prevalence of ...
Modi Neena - - 2010
Breast milk prebiotic oligosaccharides are believed to promote enteral tolerance. Many mothers delivering preterm are unable to provide sufficient milk. We conducted a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial comparing preterm formula containing 0.8 g/100 mL short-chain galacto-oligosaccharides/long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides in a 9:1 ratio and an otherwise identical formula, using formula only to ...
Picaud Jean-Charles - - 2010
Infectious diseases in infants are a major public health issue. Synbiotic-enriched formulas (EF) are intended to mimic the beneficial effects of human milk on infectious diseases. We performed an observational study in infants switching to follow-on formula to determine the effects of synbiotic-enriched formula compared to standard formula (SF). We ...
Wang Tzu-Chiang - - 2011
To assess the application of the nasal-tragus length (NTL) to predict the proper endotracheal tube (ETT) depth; also, as relatively thinner size of Asian than Caucasian, the fitness of using the NTL to estimate the optimal ETT depth for neonates in Taiwan was examined. The newborn infants who do need ...
Pischetsrieder Monika - - 2012
Infant formulas are milk-based products, which are adapted to the composition of human milk. To ensure microbiological safety and long shelf life, infant formulas usually undergo rigid heat treatment. As a consequence of the special composition and the heat regimen, infant formulas are more prone to thermally induced degradation reactions ...
Vandenplas Yvan Y Universitair Kinderziekenhuis Brussel, Belgium. - - 2011
The objective of this study is to review the indications of soy infant formula (SIF). Structured review of publications is made available through standard search engines (Pubmed,…). The medical indications for SIF are limited to galactosaemia and hereditary lactase deficiency. In the treatment of cow's milk allergy, SIF is used ...
Iskedjian Michael - - 2010
This study presents previously unpublished point and cumulative incidence rates and relative risks (RRs) for comparing a partially hydrolysed 100% whey-based infant formula, NAN-HA * (PHF-W) to extensively hydrolysed whey- (EHF-Whey) or casein-based (EHF-Casein) infant formulas in the prevention of atopic dermatitis (AD) in infants who cannot be breastfed exclusively. ...
Pandelova M - - 2010
In infant period, human milk and infant formulae are the major sources of exposure to dioxins (polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) and dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB). Since in many parts of Europe the mothers are increasingly reluctant to breastfeed their babies, the main objective of the present study is ...
Levy Steven M - - 2010
The authors describe associations between dental fluorosis and fluoride intakes, with an emphasis on intake from fluoride in infant formula. The authors administered periodic questionnaires to parents to assess children's early fluoride intake sources from beverages, selected foods, dentifrice and supplements. They later assessed relationships between fluorosis of the permanent ...
Piccinelli R - - 2010
The assessment of acute and chronic dietary exposure to contaminants in baby foods is needed to ensure healthy infant growth. Monthly European Union market baskets of commercial baby foods were designed for the first 9 months of life by the 'babyfood' study group of the CASCADE Network of Excellence for ...
Miller Melissa R - - 2010
In this observational study, we compared erythrocyte membrane fatty acids in infants consuming formula supplemented with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (ARA) with those consuming other types of milks. In 110 infants who were participants in a cohort study of otherwise healthy children at risk for developing type 1 ...
Lugonja Nikoleta M - - 2010
The bifidogenic effect of an infant formula supplemented with inulin and fructooligosaccharides (4.0 g/l) was examined clinically and in vitro, and compared that of mature breast milk. In a 28-day clinical study, fecal samples of 21 infants, divided into two groups: one receiving the infant formula and the other breast milk, ...
Inoue Koichi - - 2010
A method for the quantitation of nucleotides (adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP), guanosine 5'-monophosphate (GMP), uridine 5'-monophosphate (UMP), cytidine 5'-monophosphate (CMP), and inosine 5'-monophosphate (IMP)) in infant formula was developed by hydrophilic interaction chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (HILIC-MS/MS). The internal standards used (AMP-13C10, 15N5; GMP-13C10, 15N5; UMP-13C9, 15N2; CMP-13C9, 15N3) were ...
Grüber Christoph - - 2010
Most infants developing atopic dermatitis have a low risk for atopy. Primary prevention of atopic dermatitis is difficult. To assess the effect of supplementation of an infant and follow-on formula with prebiotic and immunoactive oligosaccharides on the occurrence of atopic dermatitis in the first year of life. Healthy term infants ...
Singhal Atul A Institute of Child Health, Medical Research Council Childhood Nutrition Research Center, 30 Guilford St, London WC1N 3EH, United Kingdom. - - 2010
Dietary nucleotides are nonprotein nitrogenous compounds that are found in high concentrations in breast milk and are thought to be conditionally essential nutrients in infancy. A high nucleotide intake has been suggested to explain some of the benefits of breastfeeding compared with formula feeding and to promote infant growth. However, ...
Cichero Julie - - 2011
Infants experiencing dysphagia may undergo a videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) to assess radiologically their coordination for sucking, swallowing, and breathing. No studies known to these authors have investigated whether the liquids used during infant radiological procedures are representative of liquids routinely fed to infants (e.g., formula). This study used an ...
Roger Laure C - - 2010
From birth onwards, the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of infants progressively acquires a complex range of micro-organisms. It is thought that by 2 years of age the GI microbial population has stabilized. Within the developmental period of the infant GI microbiota, weaning is considered to be most critical, as the infant ...
Anderson A K - - 2010
The fatty acid composition in maternal diet and in breastmilk during lactation may be a factor in the development of childhood overweight later in life. To investigate the association between trans fatty acid and adiposity, 96 mother-infant pairs (exclusive breastfed; mixed fed; and formula fed) at 3 months postpartum were ...
Møller Hanne K - - 2011
Milk contains immunomodulatory compounds that may be important to protect the immature intestine in preterm neonates from harmful inflammatory reactions involved in disorders like necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). We hypothesised that bovine colostrum and milk formulas enriched with sialic acids (SL), gangliosides (Gang) or osteopontin (OPN) would improve gastrointestinal function and ...
Hirota Atsushi - - 2011
On February 10, 2008, a newborn male spectral tarsier (Tarsius tarsier) was found on the floor of the indoor exhibit room in the Small Mammal House of the Ueno Zoological Gardens. The dam showed no signs of providing maternal care and therefore we decided to hand-raise the infant. Its birth ...
Sharpless Katherine E - - 2010
Standard Reference Material (SRM) 1849 Infant/Adult Nutritional Formula has been issued by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) as a replacement for SRM 1846 Infant Formula, issued in 1996. Extraction characteristics of SRM 1846 have changed over time, as have NIST's analytical capabilities. While certified mass fraction values ...
Chen Yi - - 2010
Enterobacter sakazakii causes severe maladies and, in some cases, is fatal among infants. Powdered infant formula (PIF) contaminated with E. sakazakii has been documented as a potential cause of several outbreaks involving infants. This study describes the development of a method for the isolation and detection of E. sakazakii from ...
Cooke Richard J - - 2010
To determine whether adiposity was altered, body size (weight, length) and composition, determined by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry, were examined in preterm infants fed with a nutrient enriched (A, n=56), a term infant (B, n=57) or the nutrient enriched (discharge and term) plus the term formula (term and 6 mo; ...
Field Catherine J - - 2010
Feeding long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCP) influences immunity in adults; however, less is known about their effect during development. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of feeding LCP on immunity in healthy infants during the first 4 months of life. Formula-fed infants were randomized at <or=14 ...
Kennedy Kathy K MRC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK. - - 2010
To test the hypothesis that consumption of infant formulas containing long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) by preterm infants would favourably influence growth, body composition and blood pressure (BP) at age 10 years. This was a follow-up study of a preterm cohort (<35 weeks and birth weight <2000 g) randomly assigned ...
Mortola Jacopo P - - 2010
Sustained hypoxia is known to decrease embryonic growth and to lower the newborn's ventilatory chemosensitivity (VCS) to hypoxia and hypercapnia. What was unclear is whether or not a difference in birth weight could per se, and independently from hypoxia, have some influence on the magnitude of VCS. VCS, defined as ...
Guesnet Philippe - - 2011
The accretion of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in membranes of the central nervous system is required for the optimum development of retina and brain functions. DHA status is determined by the dietary intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), both the metabolic precursor α-linolenic acid (α-LNA) and DHA. Clinical studies have ...
de Jong Corina - - 2010
Long-chain PUFA (LCPUFA) supplementation of formula can have beneficial effects on neurodevelopmental outcome in early infancy, but uncertainty exists regarding effects after 6 months. The present study is the first to investigate whether consumption by term infants of formula containing LCPUFA for the first 2 months after birth improves neurological ...
Alexander Dominik D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: A reduced risk of atopic dermatitis (AD) among healthy infants who received 100% whey protein partially hydrolyzed formula (PHF-W) compared with intact protein cow's milk formula (CMF), has been reported in several studies. To validate these observations and estimate the magnitude of this potential association with greater statistical precision, ...
Alexander Dominik D - - 2010
The incidence of atopic dermatitis (AD) is increasing worldwide. Clinical studies have observed reduced risks of AD among infants fed with 100% whey partially hydrolyzed infant formula (PHF-W) compared with intact protein cow's milk formula. To evaluate this potential relationship more comprehensively, a systematic review of the literature was conducted. ...
Siahanidou Tania - - 2011
The adipokine visfatin has been proposed to exert insulin-mimicking effects and to play a role in the development of metabolic syndrome. Preterm infants are at risk for the later development of insulin resistance and, possibly, for other components of metabolic syndrome. Dietary long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) during the perinatal ...
Cimafranca Melissa A - - 2010
Soy-based infant formulas are widely used in the United States and some other countries. These formulas contain high levels of the estrogenic isoflavone genistein, leading to concern that neonatal genistein exposure could cause acute and/or long-term adverse effects on reproductive and other organs. However, previous work to assess genistein effects ...
Boor P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGEs) and its gene polymorphisms are implicated in the pathogenesis of different chronic diseases including diabetes and its complications. Infant formulas contain high amounts of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) - the ligands of RAGE. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we examined the impact ...
Reche M - - 2010
Infants diagnosed with allergy to cow's milk protein (CMP) are fed extensively hydrolysed cow's milk formulas, modified soy formulas or even amino acid-based formulas. Hydrolysed rice protein infant formulas have become available and have been shown to be well tolerated by these infants. A prospective open, randomized clinical study to ...
Berry Nina J - - 2010
This study utilised semi-structured interviews to investigate how women expecting a first baby perceived print advertisements for 'toddler milks' in order to determine whether they function as indirect advertising for infant and follow-on formula. Examination of the marketing literature, analysis of the advertisers' websites and the advertisements themselves provided sources ...
Pina-Rodriguez Ashanty M - - 2010
Amaranth oil can be enzymatically modified to match breast milk fat analog requirements. We have developed a structured lipid (SL) from amaranth oil that, in combination with milk fat, delivers recommended amounts of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) with palmitic acid specifically esterified at the sn-2 position of the triacylglycerol (TAG) backbone. ...
Hormann Elizabeth - - 2010
Early in this century, outbreaks of Enterobacter sakazakii among infants fed on powdered infant formula in Western Europe and the United States forced a rethinking of the cherished belief that artificial feeding is a very safe choice for infants in the developed world. Alarmed by these reports, the World Health ...
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