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Cetinkaya Merih - - 2013
Acute scrotal abscess is a rare condition in neonates. Most of these abscesses were reported to be unilateral and caused by Staphylococcus and Salmonella spp. Herein, we report a bilateral scrotal abscess in a preterm infant and Candida albicans was isolated from the scrotal fluid culture. To our knowledge, this ...
Kornides Melanie M Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, - - 2013
We examined how prenatal exposure to breastfeeding information from various media sources, maternal knowledge of benefits, family and clinician support, and peer practices influence breastfeeding outcomes in early infancy. Initiation of breastfeeding, any breastfeeding at two months, and exclusivity of breastfeeding at two months were examined in a cohort of ...
- - 2013
The American Academy of Pediatrics recognizes breastfeeding and human milk as the "normative standards for infant feeding." Given the documented health benefits, the Academy recommends exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, followed by continued breastfeeding for at least 12 months as complementary foods are introduced. To better understand trends during 2000-2008 ...
Lau Susanne - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Increasing understanding of mechanisms and influencing factors in the development of uncontrolled inflammatory responses in atopy and asthma should serve for the introduction of new preventive measures. This review tries to present the current state of the art and resumes that until now, no really effective concept ...
Handa Deepali - - 2013
The pediatrician plays a major role in advocating, promoting, and managing breastfeeding, beginning in the prenatal period by providing facts and discussing questions and concerns regarding breastfeeding with the expectant mother and continuing after delivery in the hospital and during infant health supervision visits. The early weeks after birth require ...
Yong Su-Boon - - 2013
Perinatal nutrition has been implicated in the programming of diseases in children and adults. The prevalence of asthma has dramatically increased in the past few decades, particularly in children. This suggests that the perinatal environment, including maternal and infant diets, may be involved in the increase in the prevalence of ...
Castro-Rodriguez Jose A - - 2013
Objective. The aim of this post hoc analysis was to establish the relationship between FE(NO) levels and the asthma predictive index (API) among infants with recurrent wheezing. Methods. Infants with recurrent wheezing (three or more episodes) were recruited consecutively and online FE(NO) tests at tidal breathing with multiple breaths were ...
Pike Katharine C KC Clinical and Experimental Sciences Academic Unit, University of Southampton Faculty of Medicine, Southampton, - - 2013
Obesity and asthma have increased in westernised countries. Maternal obesity may increase childhood asthma risk. If this relation is causal, it may be mediated through factors associated with maternal adiposity, such as fetal development, pregnancy complications or infant adiposity. We investigated the relationships of maternal body mass index (BMI) and ...
Osborn David A - - 2013
Prebiotics (commonly oligosaccharides) added to infant feeds have the potential to prevent sensitisation of infants to dietary allergens. To determine the effect of prebiotic given to infants for the prevention of allergy. We performed an updated search in August 2012 of the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The ...
Dosanjh Amrita - - 2013
Exposure to microbes may result in maternal immune responses that can affect fetal immune development. Several lines of evidence have shown that mycobacterial antigens can change the onset of atopic disease. We hypothesized that infants born to mothers with a positive tuberculosis (TB) test and a negative chest radiograph, may ...
Nermes Merja - - 2013
Background. The hygiene hypothesis suggests that high hygiene standards have led to an immune dysfunction and an increase in allergic diseases. Farming-related exposures are associated with a decreased risk of asthma. Since the gut microbiota may be a pivotal component in the hygiene hypothesis, we studied whether perinatal exposure to ...
Dosanjh A - - 2013
Anaphylaxis is an acute severe reaction involving multiple systems that results from a rapid release of inflammatory mediators. Patients with asthma and prior allergic reactions are at risk for anaphylaxis. Infants can present a special challenge, as the hallmark symptoms and signs of anaphylaxis may be mistaken as normal findings. ...
Ngerncham Sopapan - - 2013
Breastfeeding has abundant biological and psychological benefits. Effective breastfeeding requires good latching on, which is possible when the infant is able to cup around the maternal areola with his tongue. One of the most common conditions resulting in poor latching on is tongue-tie. To determine the prevalence of tongue-tie with ...
O'Callaghan-Gordo Cristina - - 2013
Although association between respiratory syncytial virus infection and later asthma development has been established, little is known about the role of other respiratory viruses. Rhinovirus was considered a mild pathogen of the upper respiratory tract but current evidence suggests that rhinovirus is highly prevalent among children with lower respiratory tract ...
Kim Eliane - - 2013
According to Health Canada and the Canadian Paediatric Society, infants should be exclusively breastfed for the first six months with continued breastfeeding for two years and beyond. This study examined the relationship between a mother's intention to supplement with infant formula and the risk of discontinuing breastfeeding during the 12 ...
Victor Rose R School of Health Sciences, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, - - 2013
To examine the prevalence of key WHO breastfeeding indicators and identify determinants of suboptimal breastfeeding practices among children aged less than 24 months in Tanzania. Secondary analyses of cross-sectional data from the 2010 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey. The survey used a stratified two-stage cluster sample of 10 312 households ...
Azad Meghan B MB Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G - - 2013
To evaluate the association of probiotic supplementation during pregnancy or infancy with childhood asthma and wheeze. Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Medline, Embase, and Central (Cochrane Library) databases from inception to August 2013, plus the World Health Organization's international clinical trials registry platform and relevant conference proceedings ...
Debes Amanda K - - 2013
Early breastfeeding is defined as the initiation of breastfeeding within twenty four hours of birth. While the benefits of breastfeeding have been known for decades, only recently has the role of time to initiation of breastfeeding in neonatal mortality and morbidity been assessed. To review the evidence for early breastfeeding ...
Lotz Matthew T MT Division of Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, - - 2013
Reactive airway disease (RAD) is a general term for respiratory illnesses manifested by wheezing. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) results in wheezing, either by causing bronchiolitis or by inducing acute exacerbations of asthma. There has been a long-standing interest in whether severe RSV bronchiolitis in infancy is a risk factor for ...
Holbrook Katherine E KE Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco, 500 Parnassus Avenue, MU 4-East, San Francisco, CA, 94143-0136, USA. - - 2013
The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding until 6 months of age. Maternal attitudes toward infant feeding are correlated with chosen feeding method and breastfeeding duration. The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) has been used to assess attitudes towards breastfeeding prenatally and is predictive of breastfeeding decisions in certain ...
Saki Azadeh - - 2013
Despite numerous studies on the benefits of exclusive breastfeeding during the first half year of life, little information is available on actual breastfeeding practices in terms of daily duration and frequency of suckling. This study proposes to determine daily breastfeeding patterns among exclusively breastfed infants from birth to six months. ...
Finigan Valerie - - 2012
In 2007 the Confidential Enquiry into Maternal and Child Health (CEMACH) made clear recommendations about the care that mothers with diabetes and their infants should receive in line with UNICEF's (2009) evidence based standards and as a response to concerns about the care of the newborn baby (CEMACH 2007). The ...
Lukkarinen Heikki - - 2012
Neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia of infancy (NEHI) has recently been described as an obstructive airway disease that affects infants aged 1-24 months, and presents typically with tachypnoea, crackles and hypoxia. The pathogenesis of the disease is unknown. We describe the clinical course of nine infants with radiologically and histologically confirmed NEHI. ...
Marshall Ian - - 2012
Abstract Identification of the current evidence regarding the pathophysiological and clinical facets of vitamin D in the maternal-fetal-neonatal interface is of value because of the significance of the vitamin D endocrine system in human health and high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in mothers and their infants. Although many questions ...
Roda Célina - - 2012
There is growing public health concern about indoor air quality. Tetrachloroethylene (PERC), a chlorinated volatile organic compound widely used as a solvent in dry cleaning facilities, can be a residential indoor air pollutant. As part of an environmental investigation included in the PARIS (Pollution and asthma Risk: an Infant Study) ...
Kim Hyo-Bin - - 2012
Since the risk of developing allergic disease increases in individuals exposed to allergens previously, even during the neonatal period, the immunologic status of a fetus may be important in the subsequent development of allergy. We evaluated the fetal factors to predict atopic dermatitis (AD) at 12 months in 412 infants ...
von Mutius Erika - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The prevalence of allergic diseases has reached a high prevalence in affluent countries. Yet, there are areas and living conditions associated with very low rates which are attributable to environmental exposures. One example is the low prevalence of childhood asthma and allergies amongst children raised on farms, ...
Alanne S - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Costing studies are needed to identify the resources used for treatment and inform payers of the costs incurred. The objectives were to determine the costs of diagnosing and treating atopic dermatitis, food allergy and asthma, and to compare the share of costs to society and to the family during ...
Gern James E JE Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA. - - 2012
The risk of developing childhood asthma has been linked to the severity and etiology of viral respiratory illnesses in early childhood. Since inner-city infants have unique environmental exposures, we hypothesized that patterns of respiratory viral infections would also be distinct. We compared the viral etiology of respiratory illnesses in 2 ...
Koplin J J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although egg allergy is the most common food allergy in infants and young children, risk factors for egg allergy remain largely unknown. This study examined the relationship between environmental and demographic factors and egg allergy in a population-based infant cohort. METHODS: In a study of 5276 infants (HealthNuts), infants ...
D'Vaz N - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Relative deficiency of dietary omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) has been implicated in the rising allergy prevalence in Westernized countries. Fish oil supplementation may provide an intervention strategy for primary allergy prevention. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of fish oil n-3 ...
Abdou Cleopatra M - - 2012
There are marked ethnic and socioeconomic differences in birthweight and childhood asthma, conditions which may be linked causally or via a third variable. Cultural resources are often credited with diminished health disparities in infancy and childhood among subsets of poor and minority populations; yet direct empirical tests of this hypothesis ...
Kameyama Yoshinobu - - 2012
We encountered a 2-year-old female infant with congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) who underwent an abdominal operation for strangulated ileus. Prior to the surgery, at home, the infant had been receiving non-invasive positive-pressure ventilation (NPPV) support only during sleep. However, after postoperative extubation, the blood oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) decreased to ...
Jat Kana Ram - - 2012
Ketamine has bronchodilator properties and is used for severe bronchospasm in adults and children with asthma. Here, we report successful use of ketamine in a young infant with bronchospasm.
Saxena Kirti N KN Department of Anesthesiology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, - - 2012
Management of the difficult airway in an infant is a challenge for the anesthesiologist. A 10-month-old infant presented to an otolaryngologist with nasopharyngeal mass since birth, which had increased rapidly in size in the last 1 month and was hanging through the cleft palate into the oropharynx. The infant was ...
Beckmann Michael - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Birth by emergency caesarean section (CS) is common and often considered urgent (category 1). In the UK, over half of all category 1 CS are performed under general anaesthesia (GA). In this setting, little is known about the effect of the mode of anaesthesia on the neonate. METHODS: A ...
Rubarth Lori - - 2012
Evaluation of the newborn at birth includes assignment of the Apgar scores at one and five minutes of age. Dr. Virginia Apgar (Figure 1) developed this evaluation procedure in the 1950s, and it has been used routinely for more than a half century. Apgar developed this assessment tool with five ...
Wolf Andrew R - - 2012
Management of the very low-birth weight infant in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is geared to provide optimal outcome not only in term of survival but increasingly with a goal of limitation of long-term neurological and pulmonary morbidities. Careful follow-up studies have demonstrated that relatively small variations in oxygenation ...
Welzing Lars - - 2012
PURPOSE: Common opioids for analgesia and sedation of mechanically ventilated infants may tend to accumulate and cause prolonged sedation with an unpredictable extubation time. Remifentanil is a promising option due to its unique pharmacokinetic properties, which seem to be valid in adults as well as in infants. METHODS: In this ...
Irikura Mitsuru - - 2012
Background. This study was conducted to investigate the incidence of, and factors associated with, myoclonus-like abnormal movements of Japanese infants following treatment with midazolam in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Methods. We retrospectively investigated abnormal movements and associated risk factors in Japanese infants (less than 1 year old) who ...
Setegn Tesfaye - - 2012
Exclusive breastfeeding is defined as feeding infants only breast milk, be it directly from breast or expressed, with no addition of any liquid or solids apart from drops or syrups consisting of vitamins, mineral supplements or medicine, and nothing else. Several studies have shown that exclusive breastfeeding for the ...
Ng Eugene - - 2012
Proper sedation for neonates undergoing uncomfortable procedures may reduce stress and avoid complications. Midazolam is a short-acting benzodiazepine that is increasingly used in neonatal intensive care units (NICU). However, its effectiveness as a sedative in neonates has not been systematically evaluated. To determine whether intravenous midazolam infusion is an effective ...
Cheng I - - 2011
We present a full-term female infant with a difficult delivery course complicated with Escherichia coli sepsis and bilateral adrenal abscesses. She developed renal failure and received peritoneal dialysis. Peritonitis of Candida parapsilosis developed later. The infant was successfully treated with hemofiltration and a combination of antifungal agents.
Wu Joyce Y - - 2011
21-Hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) is the most common cause of congenital adrenal hyperplasia, with an incidence of 1 : 14 000 live births and equal prevalence among males and females. Newborns with the most severe "salt-wasting" form of 21-OHD are susceptible to salt-wasting crises in the first few weeks of life. This is associated ...
Mutlu Mehmet - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Adrenal hemorrhage (AH) is a relatively uncommon condition in neonates. This study aimed to review the clinical, laboratory and ultrasonographic fi ndings of AH in newborns. METHODS: The medical records of 13 newborns with AH who had been admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: ...
Orün Emel - - 2011
Abstract Adrenal hemorrhage is a relatively uncommon clinical problem of the newborn period. Clinical features of adrenal hemorrhage are variable. An abdominal mass, anemia, unexplained/persistent jaundice, bluish discoloration of the scrotum may be the presenting sign. Here, we presented a macrosomic infant (4150 gr) whose left side adrenal hematoma associated ...
Pai Bharathi - - 2012
Three infants (age 1.5, 4 and 7 months) presented with vomiting, hyponatremia and hyperkalaemia suggestive of a salt-losing congenital adrenal condition. Diagnostic endocrine bloods were taken and adrenal steroid therapy was started. The infants were subsequently found to have raised plasma aldosterone and renin levels due to pyelonephritis and structural ...
Simon Albane - - 2011
Lopinavir-ritonavir is a human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) protease inhibitor boosted by ritonavir, a cytochrome p450 inhibitor. A warning about its tolerance in premature newborns was recently released, and transient elevation of 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) was noted in 2 newborns treated with lopinavir-ritonavir in France. To evaluate adrenal function in newborns ...
Delhikumar C G - - 2011
A 15-day- old male infant presented with features suggestive of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). But on detailed investigation, he had normal 17-OH Progesterone and high aldosterone levels. Infant also had right sided hydronephrosis and associated urinary tract infection. Hence, a diagnosis of secondary pseudohypoaldosteronism was made. There was good response ...
El-Gamal Yehia M - - 2011
Several population-based birth cohort studies documented that 30% of children suffer from wheezing during respiratory infections before their third birthday. Infants are prone to wheeze because of anatomic factors related to the lung and chest wall in addition to immunologic and molecular influences in comparison to older children. Viral infections ...
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