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Adriono, Gitalisa Andayani
Background: To report the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Indonesia, and its relation to several risk factors. The results of treatment are also reported. Materials and Methods: A hospital-based prospective-cohort study in 33 infants in the neonatology ward of Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia, who ...
Murthy, Krishna R.
Background: With the advances in neonatal care, more and more very low birth weight and short gestation age babies are surviving. Along with this population, the incidence and morbidity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is increasing. Analysis of causative factors is imperative. Materials and Methods: All preterm babies with gestational ...
Brown David W DW Departments of Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115, USA, - - 2014
Among infants with single ventricle congenital heart disease (SVD) requiring Stage I palliation (S1P), the impact of prenatal diagnosis (PD) on outcomes has been variably characterized. We investigated the impact of PD in a large multi-center cohort of survivors of S1P in the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative (NPCQIC) ...
Coulthard Malcolm G MG Department of Paediatric Nephrology, Great North Children's Hospital, Newcastle, NE1 4LP, UK, - - 2014
To compare the efficacy of the Newcastle infant dialysis and ultrafiltration system (Nidus) with peritoneal dialysis (PD) and conventional haemodialysis (HD) in infants weighing <8 kg. We compared the urea, creatinine and phosphate clearances, the ultrafiltration precision, and the safety of the Nidus machine with PD in 7 piglets weighing 1-8 kg, ...
Lal C V CV Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, - - 2014
We describe a newborn infant with massive congenital hydrocephalus, presenting with hypomagnesemia secondary to magnesium losses through cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) aspirations. Hypomagnesemia due to CSF losses has not been described in pediatric literature.
McClain Craig D CD Department of Anesthesiology, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Age-related differences in the surgical lesions, anatomy and physiological responses to surgery and anesthesia underlie the clinically relevant differences between pediatric patients and their adult counterparts. Anesthesiologists need to be aware of the unique challenges in the anesthetic management of the pediatric neurosurgical patient. Neurosurgeons with subspecialty training in pediatrics ...
Correa Catalina C Hospital Militar Central, Bogotá, Colombia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Congenital anomalies (CAs) cause nearly one third of infant deaths worldwide. Various surveillance systems have been established, such as the Bogota Congenital Malformations Surveillance Program (BCMSP). Some CAs are of special interest to pediatric surgeons: omphalocele, gastroschisis, intestinal and esophageal atresia, anorectal malformations, vascular anomalies, diaphragmatic hernias, hypospadias and cryptorchidism. ...
Baidya Dalim K DK Department of Anaesthesiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
One-lung anesthesia in infant is always a challenge to the pediatric anesthesiologist. Thoracoscopic diaphragmatic eventration repair requires high quality of lung isolation for proper surgical access. We are reporting a new technique of lung isolation by Fogarty embolectomy catheter alongside the endotracheal tube in four infants.
Coates Bria M - - 2014
Assessing the ventilatory status of non-intubated infants in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) is a constant challenge. Methods to evaluate ventilation include arterial blood gas analysis (ABG), which is invasive and intermittent, and transcutaneous carbon dioxide monitoring (PtcCO2), which, while non-invasive, is also intermittent. A method that is non-invasive ...
Choi Jong-Il JI Department of Neurosurgery, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan, - - 2014
Because hydrocephalus is diagnosed and treated at an early stage in pediatric patients, pediatric neurosurgeons rarely encounter patients with hydrocephalic macrocephaly. There are even fewer cases of infants with long-standing hydrocephalus in whom macrocephaly progresses and is accompanied by skull defect due to malunion of suture lines despite long-term CSF ...
Bamber Andrew R AR Camelia Botnar Laboratories, Department of Histopathology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, Great Ormond Street, London, WC1N 3JH, UK, - - 2014
To investigate the demographics, circumstances and autopsy findings in infants and children dying following immersion. A retrospective review of a pediatric autopsy database at a specialist center over a 16-year period (1995-2010) was undertaken to identify deaths between 7 days and 16 years of age in whom death occurred following immersion. 28 ...
Benham Vji V St George's, University of London, London, - - 2014
: Trends in the patterns of mortality on neonatal units have been changed the last two decades, particularly in the case of fatal infection. The aims of this study were to examine patterns of neonatal mortality during a twenty-one year time span (1993 to 2013) at St George's Hospital, London. ...
Marcon Ana Carolina C AC Hospital Pequeno Príncipe, Curitiba, PR, - - 2014
To evaluate the attitude, the practice and the knowledge of pediatricians regarding the management of the infant who cries excessively in the first months of life. Descriptive cross-sectional study that enrolled pediatricians (n=132) randomly interviewed at a Pediatric meeting in Brazil, in August 2012. The data were collected by a ...
Coutinho Karl K Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY, USA - - 2014
Background. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines on the workup for urinary tract infections (UTIs) in infants discourages the use of bagged urine specimens for urine culture. We report the results of a survey to assess urine collection preferences and adherence to AAP guidelines in clinical practice. Methods. A ...
Gordi Toufigh T Rosa & Co LLC, 751 Laurel St., Ste. 127, San Carlos, CA, - - 2014
Pharmacokinetic studies in the neonatal population are often limited by the small volume of blood that can be collected. The high sensitivity of (14) C-accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) enables pharmacokinetic studies to be conducted with greatly reduced sample volumes. We demonstrated the utility of AMS in infants by studying the ...
Rodríguez-Núñez Antonio A Pediatric Emergency and Critical Care Division, Pediatric Area, Hospital Clinico Universitario de Santiago de Compostela, Galicia's Public Health System (SERGAS), A Choupana, s/n, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, - - 2014
Our objective was to test the ability of pediatric residents to intubate the trachea of infant and child manikins during continuous chest compressions (CC) by means of indirect videolaryngoscopy with Glidescope® versus standard direct laryngoscopy. A randomized crossover simulation trial was designed. Twenty-three residents trained to intubate child and infant ...
Tilt Lindsey L From the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, - - 2014
A 35-day-old female infant presents to the pediatric emergency department with increased crying and persistent fullness in the right groin. On examination, the infant was noted to have increased fullness and a nonreducible mass in the right mons pubis. Point-of-care ultrasound was used to help diagnose an incarcerated ovary, allowing ...
Lobo Maria Luisa ML Serviço de Imagiologia Geral, Hospital de Santa Maria - Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte (CHLN), Av. Prof. Egas Moniz, 1649-035 Lisboa, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Today US plays an important and increasing role in the assessment of many, partially age-specific conditions in the GI tract in neonates, infants and children. Knowledge of the potential capabilities of US and its restrictions together with a skillful performance of GI US examination can provide essential anatomic and functional ...
Wong Charlene A CA At the time of the study, Charlene A. Wong was with the Department of Pediatrics, Seattle Children's Hospital/University of Washington, Seattle. Francine C. Gachupin is with the Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson. Robert C. Holman is with the Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA. Marian F. MacDorman is with the Reproductive Statistics Branch, Division of Vital Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, MD. James E. Cheek is with the Public Health Program, Department of Family and Community Medicine, School of Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. Steve Holve is with Indian Health Service (IHS), Tuba City Regional Healthcare Corporation, Tuba City, AZ. Rosalyn J. Singleton is with the Arctic Investigations Program, Division of Preparedness and Emerging Infections, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, CDC, Anchorage, - - 2014
Objectives. We described American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) infant and pediatric death rates and leading causes of death. Methods. We adjusted National Vital Statistics System mortality data for AI/AN racial misclassification by linkage with Indian Health Service (IHS) registration records. We determined average annual death rates and leading causes of death ...
Jensen Erik A EA Division of Neonatology and Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Gastroesophageal reflux may exacerbate lung disease in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Anti-reflux surgery may therefore reduce the severity of this disease in some infants. We report a retrospective series of 22 infants with severe BPD who underwent anti-reflux surgery. Our experience indicates that these procedures can be safely performed ...
Kaluarachchi Dinushan D 1Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center, Bronx, NY, - - 2014
Background. Infants with RSV infections have been found to have a clinically significant rate of urinary tract infections (UTIs). The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published a revised Clinical Practice Guideline on UTIs in 2011, which includes major changes in diagnostic criteria for UTIs. Past research has been done using ...
Morris Brian J BJ School of Medical Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this review was to assess the trend in the US male circumcision rate and the impact that the affirmative 2012 American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement might have on neonatal circumcision practice. We searched PubMed for the term circumcision to retrieve relevant articles. This review was prompted ...
Tosetti Sylvain S Department of Paediatric Anaesthesia, The Montreal Children's Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2014
Locoregional anesthesia is an important aspect of perioperative analgesia. It decreases requirements for anesthetic agents and opioids, decreases the surgical stress response, and provides postoperative analgesia. Nonetheless, pediatric patients, especially infants, demonstrate specificities towards regional anesthesia techniques, as an increased sensitivity to local anesthetics (LA) and a higher ease of ...
Chen Peng P Department of Anesthesiology, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, 130033, - - 2014
Current perspectives for management of acute respiratory insufficiency in premature infants with acute respiratory syndrome and the pathology of acute respiratory insufficiency in the preterm infant, including the current therapy modalities on disposition are presented. Since the therapeutical challenge and primary clinical goal are to normalize ventilation ratio and lung ...
Goeller Jessica K JK Department of Anesthesiology, Doctors Hospital, Columbus, USA; Department of Medical Education, Ohio University, Columbus, USA; Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, - - 2014
With the advent of ultrasound and improvements in equipment, the applications of regional anesthesia in the pediatric population have continued to expand. Although frequently used for postoperative analgesia or as a means of avoiding general anesthesia in patients with comorbid conditions, the adjunctive use of regional anesthesia during general anesthesia ...
Mohamed I I Department of Pediatrics, CHU Sainte-Justine, University of Montreal, Montreal, Qué., - - 2014
Background: The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended a systematic assessment before discharge for the risk of severe hyperbilirubinemia. Plotting total serum bilirubin (TSB) or transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) on a TSB hour-specific nomogram is proposed as a tool for laboratory evaluation. Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare ...
Baker Christopher D CD Section of Pulmonary Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine , Aurora, Colarado. ; Pediatric Heart Lung Center, University of Colorado School of Medicine , Aurora, - - 2014
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), the chronic lung disease of prematurity, is a significant contributor to perinatal morbidity and mortality. Premature birth disrupts pulmonary vascular growth and initiates a cascade of events that result in impaired gas exchange, abnormal vasoreactivity, and pulmonary vascular remodeling that may ultimately lead to pulmonary hypertension (PH). ...
Tulloh Robert Mr RM Department of Congenital Heart Disease, Bristol Royal Hospital for Children & Bristol Heart Institute, Bristol, BS2 8BJ, - - 2014
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common infection, causing bronchiolitis in over 70% of infants each year and almost all children by the age of 2. It is the leading cause of acute lower respiratory tract infections and admissions to hospital worldwide. Previously healthy infants may have a prolonged cough ...
Simić Dusica - - 2014
Parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis is well recognized phenomenon in the term and preterm infant receiving long-term parenteral nutrition. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) use on cholestasis in newborns on prolonged TPN. A total of 56 infants were enrolled in this retrospective study: ...
Naik Rj R 1Department of Pediatrics, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Cerebral embolization during pediatric cardiac surgery may be an underappreciated source of subsequent neurodevelopmental impairment. Transcranial Doppler ultrasound is a neuromonitoring tool that can provide intraoperative surveillance for cerebral embolization. We hypothesized that increased cerebral embolic signals detected during infant cardiac surgery would be associated with worse neurodevelopmental outcomes at ...
McCann Mary Ellen ME Departments of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain - - 2014
We report on 6 infants who underwent elective surgery and developed postoperative encephalopathy, which had features most consistent with intraoperative cerebral hypoperfusion. All infants were <48 weeks' postmenstrual age and underwent procedures lasting 120 to 185 minutes. Intraoperative records revealed that most of the measured systolic blood pressure (SBP) values ...
Boet A A Division of Pediatrics and Neonatal Critical Care, South Paris University Hospitals - APHP,"A.Beclere" Medical Center, Paris, France - - - 2014
Surfactant is a cornerstone of neonatal critical care for the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome of preterm babies. However, other indications have been studied for various clinical conditions both in term neonates and in children beyond neonatal age. A high degree of evidence is not yet available in some cases ...
Bendon Robert W RW a Kosair Children's Hospital, Department of - - 2014
Abstract Background: Placentas are usually submitted for pathological examination based on obstetrical indications. We hypothesized that the placenta may have diagnostic value to the infant independent of obstetrical events. We specifically tested whether lympho-histiocytic villitis (non-infectious) would predict autoimmune or alloimmune disease based on transfer of activated maternal T-cells to ...
Vatlach Scarlet - - 2014
We conducted a monthly epidemiological survey to determine the birth prevalence of Robin sequence (RS) and the use of various therapeutic approaches for it. Between August 2011 and July 2012, every pediatric department in Germany was asked to report new admissions of infants with RS to the Surveillance Unit for ...
Döring Michaela - - 2014
Accidental intravenous administration of an enteral feeding can be fatal or cause complications such as sepsis, acute respiratory and circulatory failure, acute renal failure, hepatic insufficiency, coagulation disorders and severe permanent neurological sequelae. These "wrong route" errors are possible due to compatible connections between enteral feeding systems and intravascular infusion ...
Abughali Nazha N *Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio Current Address: $ Neonatology Fellow at the University of New Mexico Hospital, Albuquerque, New Mexico # Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa ^ Mercy Health Physician Partners, Grand Rapids, - - 2014
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends HCV antibody testing for all HCV- exposed infants at age ≥ 18 months. However, the majority of these infants are not appropriately tested. In 2006, the pediatric infectious disease service (PIDS) at our institution implemented interventions utilizing EMR to improve appropriate HCV testing ...
Seeburg Daniel D Division of Pediatric Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United - - 2013
Intraventricular hemorrhage and posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus continue to be common complications in very low-birth-weight premature infants, often requiring ventricular shunting for cerebrospinal fluid diversion. We report on two infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus that developed a secondary encephalocele after ventriculosubgaleal shunting. Encephaloceles can act as a source of seizure activity and can ...
Schene Kiry M KM Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Emma Children's Hospital/Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2013
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection can progress to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in infants. ARDS is a life-threatening condition that is characterized by severe hypoxemia, defined as PaO2 /FiO2 ratio <300 mmHg. This ratio is used in many trials as the sole oxygenation criterion for ARDS. Recently, however, it has ...
Gray D M DM Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South - - 2013
The burden of childhood respiratory illness is large in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Infant lung function (ILF) testing may provide useful information about lung growth and susceptibility to respiratory disease. However, ILF has not been widely available in LMICs settings where the greatest burden of childhood respiratory disease ...
Woods Christopher W - - 2013
Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB), formerly known as hemorrhagic disease of the newborn (HDN), is a bleeding disorder in neonates that is caused by inadequate serum levels of vitamin K. Vitamin K is a nutrient essential for adequate function of the coagulation cascade. Certain internal and external factors place newborn ...
Rezaimehr Yalda - - 2013
Early identification and treatment of neuroblastoma, the most common malignant solid tumor in infants, (Atkinson et al. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1986;146:113-117; Nuchtern. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2006;15:10-16; Lanzkowsky. Manual of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology. 4th ed. Burlington, MA: Elsevier Academic Press; 2005:530-547) can improve prognosis of this illness. Benign emesis ...
Keir Amy K - - 2013
The use of intravenous immunoglobulin in isoimmune haemolytic disease due to ABO incompatibility is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the National Blood Authority, Australia. However, the evidence these recommendations are based on appears limited and, in some instances, outdated. In our article, we review the current available ...
Tabor Pamela D PD Arkansas Infant and Child Death Review Program and University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics, USA. - - 2013
Arkansas has higher infant and child death rates than the United States overall. Multidisciplinary Infant and Child Death Review Teams are tasked to provide detailed information about unexpected infant and child deaths from the perspective of the affected community. The goals of the review are to develop specific intervention and ...
McIntyre Chelsey M CM Department of Pharmacy, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2013
There is a paucity of data on infant intravenous prostacyclin use, the gold standard for therapy for severe pulmonary hypertension (PH). This review aimed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and outcomes of infant prostacyclin use. A retrospective observational study was performed in a large pediatric hospital with a dedicated pediatric ...
Bösenberg Adrian T - - 2013
Neonates are the most vulnerable age group in terms of anesthetic risk and perioperative mortality, especially in the developing world. Prematurity, malnutrition, delays in presentation, and sepsis contribute to this risk. Lack of healthcare workers, poorly maintained equipment, limited drug supplies, absence of postoperative intensive care, unreliable water supplies, or ...
- - 2013
Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) is a coagulopathy that develops in infants who do not have sufficient vitamin K stores to support production of clotting factors. In adults, vitamin K is absorbed from food and from vitamin K synthesized by gut bacteria. However, placental transfer in humans is limited; cord ...
Adhikary Ranjeeta R Department of Microbiology, Manipal Hospital, Bangalore, - - 2013
We report a case of meningitis due to Salmonella typhimurium in a four-month-old female infant. The child was brought to the pediatric emergency department with complaints of fever, cold, and generalized convulsion. On examination, the child was febrile and was having seizures. The anterior fontanelle was not bulging. Lumbar puncture ...
Schraw Jeremy Michals - - 2013
Milk formula feeding can elevate insulin-like growth factor-1 levels, possibly impacting leukemogenesis. The intent of the current study is to examine the associations between infant feeding practices and age at introduction of solids on risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Incident cases of infant and childhood (aged ≤14 years) ALL ...
Kim Soo-Hong - - 2013
Preduodenal portal vein, a rare anomaly, could be found in any age groups. In pediatrics it may present with a duodenal obstruction by itself or other coexisting anomalies; however it usually present with an asymptomatic or incidental findings during other surgery in adults. This anomaly has a clinical importance due ...
Korkmaz Hüseyin Anıl HA - - 2013
Maternal hypercalcemia suppresses parathyroid activity in the fetus resulting in impaired parathyroid responsiveness to hypocalcemia after birth. Resultant hypocalcemia may be severe and prolonged and rarely may lead to convulsions. Here, we present a newborn infant admitted to the pediatric emergency department at age two weeks with recurrent tonic convulsions ...
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