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Adriono, Gitalisa Andayani
Background: To report the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Indonesia, and its relation to several risk factors. The results of treatment are also reported. Materials and Methods: A hospital-based prospective-cohort study in 33 infants in the neonatology ward of Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia, who ...
Murthy, Krishna R.
Background: With the advances in neonatal care, more and more very low birth weight and short gestation age babies are surviving. Along with this population, the incidence and morbidity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is increasing. Analysis of causative factors is imperative. Materials and Methods: All preterm babies with gestational ...
Kaluarachchi Dinushan D 1Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center, Bronx, NY, - - 2014
Background. Infants with RSV infections have been found to have a clinically significant rate of urinary tract infections (UTIs). The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published a revised Clinical Practice Guideline on UTIs in 2011, which includes major changes in diagnostic criteria for UTIs. Past research has been done using ...
Morris Brian J BJ School of Medical Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this review was to assess the trend in the US male circumcision rate and the impact that the affirmative 2012 American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement might have on neonatal circumcision practice. We searched PubMed for the term circumcision to retrieve relevant articles. This review was prompted ...
Tosetti Sylvain S Department of Paediatric Anaesthesia, The Montreal Children's Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2014
Locoregional anesthesia is an important aspect of perioperative analgesia. It decreases requirements for anesthetic agents and opioids, decreases the surgical stress response, and provides postoperative analgesia. Nonetheless, pediatric patients, especially infants, demonstrate specificities towards regional anesthesia techniques, as an increased sensitivity to local anesthetics (LA) and a higher ease of ...
Chen Peng P Department of Anesthesiology, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, 130033, - - 2014
Current perspectives for management of acute respiratory insufficiency in premature infants with acute respiratory syndrome and the pathology of acute respiratory insufficiency in the preterm infant, including the current therapy modalities on disposition are presented. Since the therapeutical challenge and primary clinical goal are to normalize ventilation ratio and lung ...
Goeller Jessica K JK Department of Anesthesiology, Doctors Hospital, Columbus, USA; Department of Medical Education, Ohio University, Columbus, USA; Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, - - 2014
With the advent of ultrasound and improvements in equipment, the applications of regional anesthesia in the pediatric population have continued to expand. Although frequently used for postoperative analgesia or as a means of avoiding general anesthesia in patients with comorbid conditions, the adjunctive use of regional anesthesia during general anesthesia ...
Mohamed I I Department of Pediatrics, CHU Sainte-Justine, University of Montreal, Montreal, Qué., - - 2014
Background: The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended a systematic assessment before discharge for the risk of severe hyperbilirubinemia. Plotting total serum bilirubin (TSB) or transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) on a TSB hour-specific nomogram is proposed as a tool for laboratory evaluation. Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare ...
Baker Christopher D CD Section of Pulmonary Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine , Aurora, Colarado. ; Pediatric Heart Lung Center, University of Colorado School of Medicine , Aurora, - - 2014
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), the chronic lung disease of prematurity, is a significant contributor to perinatal morbidity and mortality. Premature birth disrupts pulmonary vascular growth and initiates a cascade of events that result in impaired gas exchange, abnormal vasoreactivity, and pulmonary vascular remodeling that may ultimately lead to pulmonary hypertension (PH). ...
Naik Rj R 1Department of Pediatrics, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Cerebral embolization during pediatric cardiac surgery may be an underappreciated source of subsequent neurodevelopmental impairment. Transcranial Doppler ultrasound is a neuromonitoring tool that can provide intraoperative surveillance for cerebral embolization. We hypothesized that increased cerebral embolic signals detected during infant cardiac surgery would be associated with worse neurodevelopmental outcomes at ...
McCann Mary Ellen ME Departments of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain - - 2014
We report on 6 infants who underwent elective surgery and developed postoperative encephalopathy, which had features most consistent with intraoperative cerebral hypoperfusion. All infants were <48 weeks' postmenstrual age and underwent procedures lasting 120 to 185 minutes. Intraoperative records revealed that most of the measured systolic blood pressure (SBP) values ...
Boet A A Division of Pediatrics and Neonatal Critical Care, South Paris University Hospitals - APHP,"A.Beclere" Medical Center, Paris, France - - - 2014
Surfactant is a cornerstone of neonatal critical care for the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome of preterm babies. However, other indications have been studied for various clinical conditions both in term neonates and in children beyond neonatal age. A high degree of evidence is not yet available in some cases ...
Bendon Robert W RW a Kosair Children's Hospital, Department of - - 2014
Abstract Background: Placentas are usually submitted for pathological examination based on obstetrical indications. We hypothesized that the placenta may have diagnostic value to the infant independent of obstetrical events. We specifically tested whether lympho-histiocytic villitis (non-infectious) would predict autoimmune or alloimmune disease based on transfer of activated maternal T-cells to ...
Vatlach Scarlet - - 2014
We conducted a monthly epidemiological survey to determine the birth prevalence of Robin sequence (RS) and the use of various therapeutic approaches for it. Between August 2011 and July 2012, every pediatric department in Germany was asked to report new admissions of infants with RS to the Surveillance Unit for ...
Döring Michaela - - 2014
Accidental intravenous administration of an enteral feeding can be fatal or cause complications such as sepsis, acute respiratory and circulatory failure, acute renal failure, hepatic insufficiency, coagulation disorders and severe permanent neurological sequelae. These "wrong route" errors are possible due to compatible connections between enteral feeding systems and intravascular infusion ...
Abughali Nazha N *Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio Current Address: $ Neonatology Fellow at the University of New Mexico Hospital, Albuquerque, New Mexico # Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa ^ Mercy Health Physician Partners, Grand Rapids, - - 2014
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends HCV antibody testing for all HCV- exposed infants at age ≥ 18 months. However, the majority of these infants are not appropriately tested. In 2006, the pediatric infectious disease service (PIDS) at our institution implemented interventions utilizing EMR to improve appropriate HCV testing ...
Seeburg Daniel D Division of Pediatric Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United - - 2013
Intraventricular hemorrhage and posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus continue to be common complications in very low-birth-weight premature infants, often requiring ventricular shunting for cerebrospinal fluid diversion. We report on two infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus that developed a secondary encephalocele after ventriculosubgaleal shunting. Encephaloceles can act as a source of seizure activity and can ...
Schene Kiry M KM Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Emma Children's Hospital/Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2013
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection can progress to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in infants. ARDS is a life-threatening condition that is characterized by severe hypoxemia, defined as PaO2 /FiO2 ratio <300 mmHg. This ratio is used in many trials as the sole oxygenation criterion for ARDS. Recently, however, it has ...
Gray D M DM Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South - - 2013
The burden of childhood respiratory illness is large in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Infant lung function (ILF) testing may provide useful information about lung growth and susceptibility to respiratory disease. However, ILF has not been widely available in LMICs settings where the greatest burden of childhood respiratory disease ...
Woods Christopher W - - 2013
Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB), formerly known as hemorrhagic disease of the newborn (HDN), is a bleeding disorder in neonates that is caused by inadequate serum levels of vitamin K. Vitamin K is a nutrient essential for adequate function of the coagulation cascade. Certain internal and external factors place newborn ...
Rezaimehr Yalda - - 2013
Early identification and treatment of neuroblastoma, the most common malignant solid tumor in infants, (Atkinson et al. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1986;146:113-117; Nuchtern. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2006;15:10-16; Lanzkowsky. Manual of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology. 4th ed. Burlington, MA: Elsevier Academic Press; 2005:530-547) can improve prognosis of this illness. Benign emesis ...
Keir Amy K - - 2013
The use of intravenous immunoglobulin in isoimmune haemolytic disease due to ABO incompatibility is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the National Blood Authority, Australia. However, the evidence these recommendations are based on appears limited and, in some instances, outdated. In our article, we review the current available ...
Tabor Pamela D PD Arkansas Infant and Child Death Review Program and University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics, USA. - - 2013
Arkansas has higher infant and child death rates than the United States overall. Multidisciplinary Infant and Child Death Review Teams are tasked to provide detailed information about unexpected infant and child deaths from the perspective of the affected community. The goals of the review are to develop specific intervention and ...
Bösenberg Adrian T - - 2013
Neonates are the most vulnerable age group in terms of anesthetic risk and perioperative mortality, especially in the developing world. Prematurity, malnutrition, delays in presentation, and sepsis contribute to this risk. Lack of healthcare workers, poorly maintained equipment, limited drug supplies, absence of postoperative intensive care, unreliable water supplies, or ...
- - 2013
Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) is a coagulopathy that develops in infants who do not have sufficient vitamin K stores to support production of clotting factors. In adults, vitamin K is absorbed from food and from vitamin K synthesized by gut bacteria. However, placental transfer in humans is limited; cord ...
Adhikary Ranjeeta R Department of Microbiology, Manipal Hospital, Bangalore, - - 2013
We report a case of meningitis due to Salmonella typhimurium in a four-month-old female infant. The child was brought to the pediatric emergency department with complaints of fever, cold, and generalized convulsion. On examination, the child was febrile and was having seizures. The anterior fontanelle was not bulging. Lumbar puncture ...
Schraw Jeremy Michals - - 2013
Milk formula feeding can elevate insulin-like growth factor-1 levels, possibly impacting leukemogenesis. The intent of the current study is to examine the associations between infant feeding practices and age at introduction of solids on risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Incident cases of infant and childhood (aged ≤14 years) ALL ...
Kim Soo-Hong - - 2013
Preduodenal portal vein, a rare anomaly, could be found in any age groups. In pediatrics it may present with a duodenal obstruction by itself or other coexisting anomalies; however it usually present with an asymptomatic or incidental findings during other surgery in adults. This anomaly has a clinical importance due ...
Korkmaz Hüseyin An─▒l HA - - 2013
Maternal hypercalcemia suppresses parathyroid activity in the fetus resulting in impaired parathyroid responsiveness to hypocalcemia after birth. Resultant hypocalcemia may be severe and prolonged and rarely may lead to convulsions. Here, we present a newborn infant admitted to the pediatric emergency department at age two weeks with recurrent tonic convulsions ...
Parihar Mayur - - 2013
An infant presented with fever and purulent discharge from the left ear, proptosis of the right eye, and hepatosplenomegaly. She was diagnosed with acute monoblastic leukemia on morphological and flowcytometric analysis of the bone marrow. Karyotyping showed a jumping translocation (JT) involving the long arm of chromosome 1 as the ...
Epifanio M - - 2013
The aim of this study is to describe the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in infants under 3 months old with a history of cyanotic episodes, who were examined at the emergency room of a university hospital. This descriptive study reviews reports of esophageal pH monitoring from a pediatric ...
Lupton-Smith Alison R - - 2013
Current understanding is that infants and children preferentially ventilate non-dependent lungs, a reversal of that of adults, based on studies using krypton-81m ventilation scanning. Participants in these studies had lung disease and were either sedated or ventilated. There is little understanding of the distribution of ventilation in spontaneous breathing healthy ...
Arzuaga Bonnie H - - 2013
Objective Delivery room management of extremely premature infants is not subjected to professional regulations. In the United States, legal definitions of human viability and statutes regulating elective abortions vary by state, placing providers in an often difficult position regarding whether to attempt resuscitation when faced with the delivery of an ...
Gupta Shikha - - 2013
The use of airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) in very low birth weight infants is limited. To report the authors' institutional experience and to review the current literature regarding the use of APRV in pediatric populations. Neonates <1500 g ventilated using APRV from 2005 to 2006 at McMaster Children's Hospital ...
Light Jennifer K - - 2013
Early antibiotic administration is recommended in newborns presenting with febrile illness to emergency departments (ED) to avert the sequelae of serious bacterial infection. Although ED crowding has been associated with delays in antibiotic administration in a dedicated pediatric ED, the majority of children that receive emergency medical care in the ...
Yeom Jung Sook - - 2013
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile illness that is the predominant cause of pediatric acquired heart disease in infants and young children. Because the diagnosis of KD depends on clinical manifestations, incomplete cases are difficult to diagnose, especially in infants younger than 1 year. Incomplete clinical manifestations in infants ...
Fanos Vassilios - - 2013
The aim of this review is to update readers on the most recent publications concerning clinical metabolomics in developing infants. Only a limited number of neonatal and pediatric metabolomic studies have been published, in comparison to the adult. However, this number of pediatric and neonatal papers is constantly increasing. The ...
Sangild P T - - 2013
At birth, the newborn mammal undergoes a transition from a sterile uterine environment with a constant nutrient supply, to a microbe rich environment with intermittent oral intake of complex milk nutrients via the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). These functional challenges partly explain the relatively high morbidity and mortality of neonates. Preterm ...
Bressan Silvia - - 2013
High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is a widely used ventilatory support in children with bronchiolitis in the intensive care setting. No data is available on HFNC use in the general pediatric ward. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of HFNC oxygen therapy in infants hospitalized in a ...
Singer Florian - - 2013
Nitrogen multiple-breath washout (N2 MBW) using 100% oxygen (O2 ) has regained interest to assess efficiency of tracer gas clearance in, for example, children with Cystic Fibrosis (CF). However, the influence of hyperoxia on the infants' respiratory control is unclear. We assessed safety and impact on breathing pattern from hyperoxia, ...
Forsythe Erica Saleski - - 2013
This integrative literature review focuses on the health risks associated with late-preterm infants (34 to 36 and 6/7 weeks gestation) and the implications for newborn primary care providers and pediatric nurses. Common morbidities in the late-term population included hyperbilirubinemia, respiratory compromise, hyperglycemia and poor feeding, temperature instability, and infection. Primary ...
Tartaglia Kimberly M - - 2013
The goal of this study was to improve compliance with published guidelines regarding management of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in infants admitted to a general pediatric hospital ward and to improve support for their breastfeeding mothers. This quality improvement project was conducted by using Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles and statistical process control methods. Study ...
Wu Mei-Hwan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In an era of declining birth rates and a single-payer health care system, the pediatric workforce might overreact to its demands. System dynamics (SD) were therefore applied to establish models to predict the future need and demand for the pediatric workforce. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of population and workforce ...
Schneir Aaron B - - 2013
Laundry detergent pods (LDPs) have only recently become available in the United States, and there has been increasing concern regarding pediatric ingestions of them. We describe a 15-month-old female infant who ingested an LDP and had a depressed level of consciousness, metabolic acidosis, pulmonary toxicity, and swallowing difficulties. It is ...
Kelley-Quon Lorraine I - - 2013
Management of congenital malformations comprises a large part of pediatric surgical care. Despite increasing utilization of assisted reproductive technology (ART) and fertility-related services (FRS), associations with birth defects are poorly understood. Infants born after ART or FRS were identified from the California Linked Birth Cohort Dataset from 2006 to 2007 ...
Benjamins Laura J - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Use of honey pacifiers by infants presenting to a pediatric clinic at a county hospital in Houston, Texas, was observed by several of our staff members. Although we could not find any published studies linking the use of honey pacifiers to infant botulism, we also could not find any studies ...
Polin Richard A - - 2013
In the 1940s, Wilson et al. observed that periodic breathing in premature infants was nearly eliminated with the use of 70% oxygen.(1) Although Wilson cautioned against unrestricted use of oxygen, other investigators and the American Academy of Pediatrics advocated its liberal use, which led to an epidemic of retinopathy of ...
Topal Erdem - - 2013
Although there has been increasing data on pediatric anaphylaxis, information about anaphylaxis in the 1st year of life is scarce. This study provides detailed information on clinical signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis in the 1st year of life. A retrospective review was performed of our pediatric allergy database between 2007 ...
Hutchings Katherine - - 2013
Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) ligation in premature infants is an urgent procedure performed by some but not all pediatric surgeons. Proficiency in PDA ligation is not a requirement of Canadian pediatric surgery training. Our purpose was to determine the outcomes of neonatal PDA ligation done by pediatric surgeons. We performed ...
Wong Charles - - 2013
Preterm infants needing patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation are transferred to a pediatric cardiac center (CC) unless the operation can be done locally by a pediatric surgeon at a non-cardiac center (NCC). We compared infant outcomes after PDA ligation at CC and NCC. We analyzed 990 preterm infants who had ...
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