Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1091
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Lueder Gregg T - - 2006
PURPOSE: Previous reports of ocular abnormalities associated with trisomy 13 have described pathologic abnormalities, with minimal descriptions of clinical findings. This report describes the clinical findings in four infants with trisomy 13. DESIGN: Retrospective noncomparative case series. METHODS: Review of medical records of four infants with trisomy 13. One patient ...
Fang Po-Chiung - - 2006
Severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) usually occurs in preterm infants with birthweight<1500 g or gestational age<31 weeks. However, some exceptions occur in larger preterm infants. In southern Taiwan, six larger preterm infants with gestational age older than 31 weeks and birthweight>1500 g had stage III ROP in Chang Gung Memorial ...
Goyen T-A - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Preterm infants are known to have low gross motor and fine motor skills. We questioned whether poor eye-hand coordination skills are associated with moderate to severe stages of Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP). AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine development, with specific reference to eye-hand coordination skills, ...
Suda Naoto - - 2006
Van der Woude's syndrome (VDW; #OMIM 119300) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by cleft lip and/or palate and lower lip pit (fistula). The precise skeletal characteristics are unclear, and there have been no case reports of orthodontic treatment of patients with VDW. The Japanese girl whose treatment is reported ...
Cole H P - - 2006
Previous estimates of operator death from farm tractor overturn events range from 0.03 to 0.68. This study provided population-based estimates of the denominator of total farm tractor overturns and the frequency of six classes of overturn injury outcomes for tractors with and without rollover protective structures (ROPS). A 40-item telephone ...
Krimmel Michael - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the three-dimensional morphology of the cleft infant face with digital surface photogrammetry. DESIGN: Fifty plaster casts of unoperated infants with cleft lip and palate were imaged three-dimensionally with digital surface photogrammetry. Twenty-one standard craniofacial measurements were taken. The plaster casts were divided into 4 groups with unilateral, ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify structural birth defects that occur in association with oral clefts. METHODS: Data were obtained from a birth defects registry and included all infants and fetuses with cleft palate without cleft lip or cleft lip with or without cleft palate delivered from 1986 to 2001. For 47 specific ...
Cho Byung Chae - - 2006
A number of combined maxillary orthopedic and surgical treatment protocols have been proposed for the initial phase of therapy for infants with a complete cleft lip and palate. Lip adhesion was used in combination with a passive intraoral molding appliance to treat a unilateral complete cleft lip and palate. The ...
Yanovitch Tammy L - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in infants with birth weight (BW) 1250 to 1800 g, to examine the influence of systemic conditions on the development of ROP in this population, and to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of various screening guidelines. METHODS: We reviewed records ...
Baek Seung-Hak - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to observe the alveolar molding (AM) effect and growth of unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) patients using 3-dimensional (3D) analysis. STUDY DESIGN: The sample consisted of 16 Korean UCLP infants who were treated using presurgical nasoalveolar molding (PNAM) appliance and rotation-advancement cheiloplasty. The maxillary ...
Foster Joyce G - - 2006
The forage potential of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) has not been realized in southern West Virginia (WV) because ruminants are reluctant to consume the herbage. Chicory contains bitter sesquiterpene lactones that can adversely impact palatability. This study was undertaken to determine whether sesquiterpene lactone concentrations in chicory grown in southern ...
Xue F S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate the incidence of difficult laryngoscopy in infants with cleft lip and palate and to observe its relationships with age, sites, and degrees of deformities. METHODS: A total of 985 infants aged 1 month to 3 years, undergoing repair of cleft lip ...
Oleszczuk Agnieszka K - - 2006
Advances in neonatal care improved the survival of many preterm infants, but also increased the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Numerous risk factors have been associated with the development of ROP, the most important of which are: low birth weight, early gestational age at delivery, and duration of oxygen ...
- - 2006
This statement revises a previous statement on screening of preterm infants for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) that was published in 2001. ROP is a pathologic process that occurs only in immature retinal tissue and can progress to a tractional retinal detachment, which can result in functional or complete blindness. Recent ...
Funnell C L - - 2007
AIMS: To assess the effect of assisted conception (AC) on retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and ROP screening. Follow-up to the study by McKibbin et al. METHODS: Retrospective study utilising computerised databases of ROP screening, live births, AC and multiple births between 1st April 2000 and 31st August 2003 at St ...
Csak Krisztina - - 2006
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vasoproliferative disorder affecting preterm infants with low gestational age and birth weight. In general more than 50% of preterm infants weighing less than 1250 g at birth show evidence of ROP and about 10% of the infants develop stage 3 ROP. However, retinal detachment ...
Manzoni P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an association exists between either fungal or bacterial sepsis and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study on all neonates with birth weight <1500 g admitted to a large Italian third Level Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in the years 1997-2001 and screened for ROP. ...
Drack Arlene - - 2006
ROP is a blinding eye disease of premature infants that affects more than 80% of babies born with birthweight less than 1000 g. With the current understanding of etiology and treatment, all infants born at less than 1500 g should receive regular ROP eye examinations starting at 4 weeks chronologic ...
Mayet I - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: World Health Organization's vision 20/20 programme has recognized retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) as an important cause of childhood blindness in industrialized and middle-income countries. While ROP is virtually nonexistent in many African countries, ROP is seen in urban areas where facilities for neonatal care exist. The aim ...
Seitz Guido - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Advances in neonatal intensive care have led to an increased survival of very low birth weight (VLBW, <1,500 g) and extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW, <1,000 g). Several abnormalities may occur in these children, e.g. esophageal atresia (EA), imperforate anus or abdominal wall defects. Correction of EA is ...
Wright Kenneth W - - 2006
PURPOSE: To report the incidence of threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in very low birth weight premature infants from three neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) before and after implementation of a physiologic reduced oxygen protocol (PROP). METHODS: PROSPECTIVE, OBSERVATIONAL STUDY OF DATA FROM THREE NICUS: Cedars-Sinai Medical Center (CSMC), Los ...
Hanikeri M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of detection of cleft lip with or without cleft palate and isolated cleft palate from antenatal ultrasound examinations conducted on mothers of infants born with cleft lip and/or palate and isolated cleft palate in Western Australia from 1996 to 2003. DESIGN: Review of patient records ...
Allegaert K - - 2006
In a retrospective study in preterms treated with either cryotherapy (n= 16, 2000-2001) or laser photocoagulation (n= 19, 2002-2005) for threshold retinopathy, a significant decrease in duration of postoperative ventilation, in postoperative administration of analgesics and in time until regain of full enteral feeding was documented in infants who received ...
Cho Byung Chae - - 2006
We divided healthy newborns (aged between 2 weeks and 6 months) into four groups, less than 2 weeks old, 60 +/- 7 days, 120 +/- 7 days, and 180 +/- 7 days, between June 2001 and February 2002, and each group had 40 infants. The lineal distances included 13 items ...
Wehby George L - - 2006
The contribution of birth defects, including cleft lip and palate, to neonatal and infant mortality and morbidity is substantial. As other mortality and morbidity causes including infections, hygiene, prematurity, and nutrition are eradicated in less developed countries, the burden of birth defects will increase proportionally. We are using cleft lip ...
Balogh Adám - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a potentially blinding eye disorder that affects premature infants. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) has been established as being necessary for vascular growth in the neonatal retina. Low IGF-I levels during the early postnatal days have been found to be predictive for ROP. The ...
Shah Parag K - - 2005
PURPOSE: To analyse the clinical characteristics and treatment outcome of zone 1 Fulminate type of Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) and compare it to Conventional ROP. METHODS: Preterm infants from two neonatal intensive care units (NICU) born between July 2002 and November 2003 were screened for ROP. Cases with Conventional ROP ...
Ho Shu Fen - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to find out whether birth weight of less than 1251 g or gestational age less than 30 weeks could provide a safe and efficient screening criteria of detecting treatable retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Infants either with a birth weight less than 1500 g or gestational age ...
Moore Corey C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: It is proposed to test the practicality of septopalatal protraction in the unilateral cleft palate infant for purposes of straightening the nasal septum and thus relieving nasal airflow obstruction and its detrimental sequelae. METHODS: Alternate infants affected with complete unilateral palatal clefts had septopalatal protraction for a period of ...
Darlow B A - - 2005
To analyse variations in rates of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network (ANZNN), adjusting for sampling variability and for case mix. 25 NICUs were included in the study of 2105 infants born at less than 29 weeks ...
Mrugacz Malgorzata - - 2006
PURPOSE: We assess the incidence of macular changes in ROP patients with retinal hemorrhages. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The premature group consisted of 360 children born 32 weeks gestation and/or with weight below 1,500 g. We used the RetCam-120 Digital Retinal Camera to document retinal changes. RESULTS: Of the 360 premature ...
Curran Christine P - - 2006
Polybrominated biphenyl (PBB) exposure in humans is known to cause immunotoxicity and disorders related to the central nervous system. Coplanar PBBs bind to the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) in vertebrates. We compared the coplanar PBB, 3,3',4,4',5,5'-hexabromobiphenyl (cHBB), with its stereoisomer, the non-coplanar PBB, 2,2',4,4'6,6'-hexabromobiphenyl (ncHBB), using C57BL/6J (B6) inbred mice ...
Liao Yu-Fang - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify the long-term effects of clefts (intrinsic and functional) on craniofacial growth and to evaluate the possible association between the sizes of the cleft maxillary segment (intrinsic) and alveolar cleft (functional) and the craniofacial morphology in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. ...
Pai Betty Chien-Jung - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess nostril symmetry and alveolar cleft width in infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate following presurgical nasoalveolar molding (NAM). SAMPLE AND METHODS: Fifty-seven newborn patients underwent presurgical nasoalveolar molding. Magnified basal view facial photos were taken at four different times: initial visit (T1), before cheiloplasty (T2), 1 ...
Quinn Mark A - - 2005
The potential for disproportionately altering outcome in the early stages of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was first hypothesized in the early 1990s. This window of opportunity hypothesis for therapeutic intervention in RA is based on the existence of a time frame within which there is a potential for a greater response ...
Maruoka Keiko - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report a rare case of Coats' disease in a 3-month-old male infant. METHOD: Interventional case report. We examined a male infant, born at 33 weeks of gestation, who did not receive ventilation with oxygen after birth. RESULT: In this patient, the left fundus showed telangiectasia and tortuosity at ...
Kim Seok-Kwun - - 2005
Simultaneous surgical correction of bilateral cleft lip and nasal deformity is becoming more common. This is a major change from the conventional strategy of secondary nasal correction. Thirty patients with bilateral cleft lip and nasal deformity were repaired using the Mulliken method between July of 1997 and December of 2002. ...
Lubetzky Ronit - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to examine hematologic indices of potential intrauterine hypoxia, including circulating nucleated red blood cells, lymphocytes, and platelets in preterm infants who developed retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) compared with suitable controls. We hypothesized that higher neonatal absolute nucleated red blood cell (ANRBC) and ...
Ertl Tibor - - 2006
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a multifactorial vasoproliferative retinal disorder that increases in incidence with decreasing gestational age. Recently, an association between hyperglycemia and severe ROP was found in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possible relation between hyperglycemia and ROP ...
Jones R M - - 2005
The aim of the study was to compare the incidence of sella turcica bridging and sella turcica dimensions in 150 Caucasian subjects who had combined surgical-orthodontic correction of their malocclusion with a randomly selected group of 150 Caucasian subjects who were treated contemporaneously by orthodontic means only. Pretreatment lateral cephalometric ...
Hatsukawa Yoshikazu - - 2005
PURPOSE: To compare the outcome of early treatment at the initial stage 3 moderate phase of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) with that at prethreshold ROP. METHODS: The outcome of treatment of 117 very-low-birth-weight infants was reviewed. Sixty-eight infants underwent their first treatment at prethreshold ROP (group A). The other 49 ...
Qu Jia - - 2006
We have used carbocyanine dye tracing from the brachium of the superior colliculus in conjunction with Nissl staining and immunohistochemistry to GAP-43 and calretinin to study the development of retinal projections to the superior colliculus in 17 human embryos and fetuses aged from 8 to 28 weeks. Lamination of the ...
Harville Emily W - - 2005
Cleft lip defects are usually regarded as a single entity, with the assumption that an accompanying cleft palate represents the more severe form. The authors linked data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway with medical records from two centralized centers to provide a population-based data set. They assessed the ...
Fledelius Hans C - - 2005
PURPOSE: To present the occasional observation of retinal haemorrhages in premature babies, as a diagnostic alternative to those observed as part of shaken baby syndrome. METHODS: We carried out an observational study on 11 infants in whom retinal and/or vitreous haemorrhages had been observed within their first months of life. ...
Lang Dustin M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Black race affords some protection from retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), but more ROP was previously found in another darkly pigmented race, the Alaskan natives. DESIGN: From fall 1989 through summer 2003, all Alaskan infants with a birth weight of 1500 g or less were examined, documenting mother's stated race, ...
Azad Rajvardhan - - 2005
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vasoproliferative disorder of the retina that occurs in premature and low birth weight babies. Stages of ROP are 1, 2, 3, 4A, 4B and 5. There are three zones I, II and III. Screening is essential to detect ROP. Whom, when and how to ...
Good William V - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in the Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity (ETROP) Study and compare these results with those reported in the Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity (CRYO-ROP) Study. METHODS: The ETROP Study, as part of its protocol, screened 6998 infants at 26 ...
Blackledge Jon - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Most infants cry with lid speculum, scleral depression and indirect ophthalmoscopy. This simple observation, "did the infant cry?" during the initial 31-week ROP screening exam was prospectively studied. METHODS: From Fall 1989 through Summer 2003, all Alaskan infants with birthweight < or = 1500 grams were examined by RWA. ...
Zhu Huiping - - 2005
Abnormalities in folate and/or homocysteine metabolism may adversely influence embryonic development, leading to the birth of infants with a variety of congenital malformations, including neural tube defects (NTDs) and craniofacial abnormalities. Based upon suggestive evidence that periconceptional folic acid supplementation is effective in preventing a significant proportion of the aforementioned ...
Merritt Linda - - 2005
Cleft lip and cleft palate (CL/CP) are the most commonly occurring craniofacial birth defects. Although some CL/CPs are detected on prenatal ultrasound, the majority are immediately recognized in the delivery room. Part 1 of this 2-part article, "Understanding the Embryology and Genetics of Cleft Lip and Palate," presented the embryology ...
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