Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1107
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Gaynon Michael W - - 2006
PURPOSE: To review systemic modifiable factors that might downregulate pathologic levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in prethreshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and thereby reduce the risk of blindness in affected infants. METHODS: Review of the author's clinical experience as compared to the STOP-ROP study, and discussion and literature ...
Kychenthal Andres - - 2006
PURPOSE: To study the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes after laser and surgical treatment in a series of infants with zone I retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Preterm infants less than 1,500 g at birth diagnosed with zone I ROP were studied. Fifty-seven consecutive eyes in 29 infants with zone ...
Rajion Zainul A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate anatomical variations and abnormalities of cervical spine morphology in unoperated infants with cleft lip and palate. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional investigation of infants born with nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate using computed tomography scans acquired for investigation of a spectrum of clinical conditions. SETTING: Computed tomography scan data ...
Heinrich Annegret - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to demonstrate clefts of the secondary palate in embryos found to have cleft lip in order to evaluate the validity of prenatal ultrasound examination and, thus, to assess the significance of this diagnostic method for coordination and care of parents and infant. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over ...
Zecca Enrico - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of different delivery room strategies on survival, short term morbidity, and outcomes in extremely premature infants. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included all preterm infants with a gestational age between 24 and 28 weeks who were born in 1992-1997 (period A; n = 161) and ...
Rajion Zainul A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare morphological and positional variations of the hyoid bone in unoperated infants with cleft lip and palate (CL/P) with those in noncleft infants. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross sectional. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional computed tomography scans were obtained from 29 unoperated CL/P infants of Malay origin aged between 0 and ...
- - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The Photographic Screening for Retinopathy of Prematurity Study (Photo-ROP) sought to evaluate the utility of digital wide-angle photographic fundus screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) as compared to bedside indirect ophthalmoscopy. This article describes the study design and presents baseline characteristics of the subjects. DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter, masked, Internet-based ...
Cooper Margaret E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clefting birth prevalence among Asian populations, specifically Chinese and Japanese, using raw counts from nonoverlapping published studies of Asian populations, and to investigate whether Asian clefting rates have been interpreted accurately as being up to twice the Caucasian rate. DESIGN: A literature review of articles giving ...
Lotz Kristina - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: For embryonal facial development several fusion processes between different facial prominences are necessary. If fusion fails to appear, various facial clefts may occur, known as median (e.g. lower median cleft lip), oblique (e.g. open nasolacrimal duct) or lateral facial clefts (macrostomia, lateral cleft). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The development of ...
Li Yang - - 2006
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between lip repair and inhibition of maxillary growth, and to investigate the characteristics of upper lip in patients with complete unilateral clefts of lip, alveolus and palate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Lateral cephalometric radiographs and photographs (anterior-posterior and profile) were taken for 3 groups of patients: ...
Mukherjee Achyut N - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare the impact of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening examination between a digital fundus camera and conventional binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy (BIO) using cardiorespiratory indices as a measure of distress. DESIGN: Prospective comparative (nonrandomized) interventional study. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-six preterm infants with a birth weight of < or =1500 g ...
Engel Rolf R - - 2006
Investigators aware of prior treatment assignments may deliberately or subliminally influence rates of subsequent consent in randomised trials, thus introducing the possibility of bias. As a trial of Supplemental Therapeutic Oxygen for Prethreshold Retinopathy of Prematurity (STOP-ROP) was not masked to health professionals other than ophthalmologists, this possibility was evaluated ...
Bányász Ilona - - 2006
Angiogenic factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiopoietin 2 (Ang2) contribute to development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). We aimed to test whether polymorphisms of these factors are associated with ROP. VEGF(-2578) and Ang2(-35) polymorphisms were analyzed with PCR-RFLP method in 200 preterm infants without ROP or ...
Ahmed Mohamed A T - - 2006
AIM: To ascertain the prevalence of significant Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) and ROP requiring treatment in infants born greater than 30 weeks gestation and with a birthweight greater than 1250 g, utilising the Neonatal Intensive Care Units' (NICUS) data collection from 1998 to 2002. Second, to determine whether infants delivered ...
Yang Michael B - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine whether race, gender, and the Clinical Risk Index for Babies (CRIB) illness severity score are predictors of threshold or severe prethreshold retinopathy of prematurity warranting surgery (ROP warranting surgery) and whether racial and gender differences in ROP are correlated with racial and gender differences in illness severity. ...
VanderVeen Deborah K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To present strabismus data for premature infants with prethreshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) enrolled in the Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity study. DESIGN: The prevalence of strabismus was tabulated for all of the infants with high-risk prethreshold disease who participated in the randomized trial of the Early Treatment ...
Lueder Gregg T - - 2006
PURPOSE: Previous reports of ocular abnormalities associated with trisomy 13 have described pathologic abnormalities, with minimal descriptions of clinical findings. This report describes the clinical findings in four infants with trisomy 13. DESIGN: Retrospective noncomparative case series. METHODS: Review of medical records of four infants with trisomy 13. One patient ...
Fang Po-Chiung - - 2006
Severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) usually occurs in preterm infants with birthweight<1500 g or gestational age<31 weeks. However, some exceptions occur in larger preterm infants. In southern Taiwan, six larger preterm infants with gestational age older than 31 weeks and birthweight>1500 g had stage III ROP in Chang Gung Memorial ...
Goyen T-A - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Preterm infants are known to have low gross motor and fine motor skills. We questioned whether poor eye-hand coordination skills are associated with moderate to severe stages of Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP). AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine development, with specific reference to eye-hand coordination skills, ...
Suda Naoto - - 2006
Van der Woude's syndrome (VDW; #OMIM 119300) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by cleft lip and/or palate and lower lip pit (fistula). The precise skeletal characteristics are unclear, and there have been no case reports of orthodontic treatment of patients with VDW. The Japanese girl whose treatment is reported ...
Cole H P - - 2006
Previous estimates of operator death from farm tractor overturn events range from 0.03 to 0.68. This study provided population-based estimates of the denominator of total farm tractor overturns and the frequency of six classes of overturn injury outcomes for tractors with and without rollover protective structures (ROPS). A 40-item telephone ...
Krimmel Michael - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the three-dimensional morphology of the cleft infant face with digital surface photogrammetry. DESIGN: Fifty plaster casts of unoperated infants with cleft lip and palate were imaged three-dimensionally with digital surface photogrammetry. Twenty-one standard craniofacial measurements were taken. The plaster casts were divided into 4 groups with unilateral, ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify structural birth defects that occur in association with oral clefts. METHODS: Data were obtained from a birth defects registry and included all infants and fetuses with cleft palate without cleft lip or cleft lip with or without cleft palate delivered from 1986 to 2001. For 47 specific ...
Cho Byung Chae - - 2006
A number of combined maxillary orthopedic and surgical treatment protocols have been proposed for the initial phase of therapy for infants with a complete cleft lip and palate. Lip adhesion was used in combination with a passive intraoral molding appliance to treat a unilateral complete cleft lip and palate. The ...
Yanovitch Tammy L - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in infants with birth weight (BW) 1250 to 1800 g, to examine the influence of systemic conditions on the development of ROP in this population, and to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of various screening guidelines. METHODS: We reviewed records ...
Baek Seung-Hak - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to observe the alveolar molding (AM) effect and growth of unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) patients using 3-dimensional (3D) analysis. STUDY DESIGN: The sample consisted of 16 Korean UCLP infants who were treated using presurgical nasoalveolar molding (PNAM) appliance and rotation-advancement cheiloplasty. The maxillary ...
Foster Joyce G - - 2006
The forage potential of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) has not been realized in southern West Virginia (WV) because ruminants are reluctant to consume the herbage. Chicory contains bitter sesquiterpene lactones that can adversely impact palatability. This study was undertaken to determine whether sesquiterpene lactone concentrations in chicory grown in southern ...
Xue F S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate the incidence of difficult laryngoscopy in infants with cleft lip and palate and to observe its relationships with age, sites, and degrees of deformities. METHODS: A total of 985 infants aged 1 month to 3 years, undergoing repair of cleft lip ...
Oleszczuk Agnieszka K - - 2006
Advances in neonatal care improved the survival of many preterm infants, but also increased the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Numerous risk factors have been associated with the development of ROP, the most important of which are: low birth weight, early gestational age at delivery, and duration of oxygen ...
- - 2006
This statement revises a previous statement on screening of preterm infants for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) that was published in 2001. ROP is a pathologic process that occurs only in immature retinal tissue and can progress to a tractional retinal detachment, which can result in functional or complete blindness. Recent ...
Funnell C L - - 2007
AIMS: To assess the effect of assisted conception (AC) on retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and ROP screening. Follow-up to the study by McKibbin et al. METHODS: Retrospective study utilising computerised databases of ROP screening, live births, AC and multiple births between 1st April 2000 and 31st August 2003 at St ...
Csak Krisztina - - 2006
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vasoproliferative disorder affecting preterm infants with low gestational age and birth weight. In general more than 50% of preterm infants weighing less than 1250 g at birth show evidence of ROP and about 10% of the infants develop stage 3 ROP. However, retinal detachment ...
Manzoni P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an association exists between either fungal or bacterial sepsis and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study on all neonates with birth weight <1500 g admitted to a large Italian third Level Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in the years 1997-2001 and screened for ROP. ...
Drack Arlene - - 2006
ROP is a blinding eye disease of premature infants that affects more than 80% of babies born with birthweight less than 1000 g. With the current understanding of etiology and treatment, all infants born at less than 1500 g should receive regular ROP eye examinations starting at 4 weeks chronologic ...
Mayet I - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: World Health Organization's vision 20/20 programme has recognized retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) as an important cause of childhood blindness in industrialized and middle-income countries. While ROP is virtually nonexistent in many African countries, ROP is seen in urban areas where facilities for neonatal care exist. The aim ...
Seitz Guido - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Advances in neonatal intensive care have led to an increased survival of very low birth weight (VLBW, <1,500 g) and extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW, <1,000 g). Several abnormalities may occur in these children, e.g. esophageal atresia (EA), imperforate anus or abdominal wall defects. Correction of EA is ...
Wright Kenneth W - - 2006
PURPOSE: To report the incidence of threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in very low birth weight premature infants from three neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) before and after implementation of a physiologic reduced oxygen protocol (PROP). METHODS: PROSPECTIVE, OBSERVATIONAL STUDY OF DATA FROM THREE NICUS: Cedars-Sinai Medical Center (CSMC), Los ...
Hanikeri M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of detection of cleft lip with or without cleft palate and isolated cleft palate from antenatal ultrasound examinations conducted on mothers of infants born with cleft lip and/or palate and isolated cleft palate in Western Australia from 1996 to 2003. DESIGN: Review of patient records ...
Allegaert K - - 2006
In a retrospective study in preterms treated with either cryotherapy (n= 16, 2000-2001) or laser photocoagulation (n= 19, 2002-2005) for threshold retinopathy, a significant decrease in duration of postoperative ventilation, in postoperative administration of analgesics and in time until regain of full enteral feeding was documented in infants who received ...
Cho Byung Chae - - 2006
We divided healthy newborns (aged between 2 weeks and 6 months) into four groups, less than 2 weeks old, 60 +/- 7 days, 120 +/- 7 days, and 180 +/- 7 days, between June 2001 and February 2002, and each group had 40 infants. The lineal distances included 13 items ...
Wehby George L - - 2006
The contribution of birth defects, including cleft lip and palate, to neonatal and infant mortality and morbidity is substantial. As other mortality and morbidity causes including infections, hygiene, prematurity, and nutrition are eradicated in less developed countries, the burden of birth defects will increase proportionally. We are using cleft lip ...
Balogh Adám - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a potentially blinding eye disorder that affects premature infants. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) has been established as being necessary for vascular growth in the neonatal retina. Low IGF-I levels during the early postnatal days have been found to be predictive for ROP. The ...
Shah Parag K - - 2005
PURPOSE: To analyse the clinical characteristics and treatment outcome of zone 1 Fulminate type of Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) and compare it to Conventional ROP. METHODS: Preterm infants from two neonatal intensive care units (NICU) born between July 2002 and November 2003 were screened for ROP. Cases with Conventional ROP ...
Ho Shu Fen - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to find out whether birth weight of less than 1251 g or gestational age less than 30 weeks could provide a safe and efficient screening criteria of detecting treatable retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Infants either with a birth weight less than 1500 g or gestational age ...
Moore Corey C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: It is proposed to test the practicality of septopalatal protraction in the unilateral cleft palate infant for purposes of straightening the nasal septum and thus relieving nasal airflow obstruction and its detrimental sequelae. METHODS: Alternate infants affected with complete unilateral palatal clefts had septopalatal protraction for a period of ...
Darlow B A - - 2005
To analyse variations in rates of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network (ANZNN), adjusting for sampling variability and for case mix. 25 NICUs were included in the study of 2105 infants born at less than 29 weeks ...
Mrugacz Malgorzata - - 2006
PURPOSE: We assess the incidence of macular changes in ROP patients with retinal hemorrhages. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The premature group consisted of 360 children born 32 weeks gestation and/or with weight below 1,500 g. We used the RetCam-120 Digital Retinal Camera to document retinal changes. RESULTS: Of the 360 premature ...
Curran Christine P - - 2006
Polybrominated biphenyl (PBB) exposure in humans is known to cause immunotoxicity and disorders related to the central nervous system. Coplanar PBBs bind to the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) in vertebrates. We compared the coplanar PBB, 3,3',4,4',5,5'-hexabromobiphenyl (cHBB), with its stereoisomer, the non-coplanar PBB, 2,2',4,4'6,6'-hexabromobiphenyl (ncHBB), using C57BL/6J (B6) inbred mice ...
Liao Yu-Fang - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify the long-term effects of clefts (intrinsic and functional) on craniofacial growth and to evaluate the possible association between the sizes of the cleft maxillary segment (intrinsic) and alveolar cleft (functional) and the craniofacial morphology in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. ...
Pai Betty Chien-Jung - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess nostril symmetry and alveolar cleft width in infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate following presurgical nasoalveolar molding (NAM). SAMPLE AND METHODS: Fifty-seven newborn patients underwent presurgical nasoalveolar molding. Magnified basal view facial photos were taken at four different times: initial visit (T1), before cheiloplasty (T2), 1 ...
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