Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1113
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Poletta F A - - 2007
The aim of this work was to search for unequal birth prevalence rates (BPRs) of cleft lip +/- cleft palate (CL/P), and cleft palate only (CPO), among different geographic areas in South America, and to analyze phenotypic characteristics and associated risk factors in each identified cluster. Included were 5,128 CL/P ...
Okamoto Toshio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a major cause of blindness in children. Because the use of oxygen is a known risk factor for development of ROP, supplemental oxygen is used carefully. However, it does not necessarily reduce the morbidity of ROP-induced blindness. The aim of the present study was ...
Carmichael Suzan L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether maternal corticosteroid use during pregnancy is associated with delivering an infant with an orofacial cleft. STUDY DESIGN: This study included data on deliveries from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, which is a population-based case-control study. Exposures were assessed by ...
Bharwani S K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between systemic fungal infection (SFI) and the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and severe ROP in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants by systematic review and meta-analysis. STUDY DESIGN: A meta-review was performed using a fixed effects model. The exposure and outcomes studied were ...
Santodomingo-Rubido Jacinto - - 2007
PURPOSE: To report differences in the incidence of adverse events and discontinuations found in a group of neophyte contact wearers using two different silicone hydrogel contact lenses on a daily- and continuous-wear basis during an 18-month period. METHODS: Sixty-one subjects were initially examined, and 53 were eligible to participate in ...
Murray Lynne - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Children with cleft lip and palate are at risk for psychological problems. Difficulties in mother-child interactions may be relevant, and could be affected by the timing of lip repair. METHOD: We assessed cognitive development, behaviour problems, and attachment in 94 infants with cleft lip (with and without cleft palate) ...
Harrell Sallie Nash - - 2007
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is the cessation of normal eye development and subsequent abnormal vessel growth that occurs exclusively in premature infants. ROP was first discovered in the 1940s and was for two decades the leading cause of blindness in children. Currently, the disease causes about 500 new cases of ...
Rabinowitz Michael P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of early retinal vascular diameter measurements for the development of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in high-risk preterm infants. METHODS: Digital fundus images were taken of 78 eyes at risk for ROP with a noncontact camera during fundoscopic examination when infants were 31 to ...
Jamilian A - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to assess the epidemiology and some of the possible risk factors causing oral cleft in Tehran. The study was a 7-year retrospective study from March 1998 to March 2005. Twenty-five live births with cleft lip and/or palate (CL+/-P) were born between 20 March 1998 ...
Sabri K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence and outcome of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among different ethnic groups in a geographically defined population in the U.K. Severe ROP was defined as any stage 3 or worse disease. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of children ...
Yang Hong - - 2007
The effect of the trace elements on retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) were studied. Thirty preterm infants who had potential high risk factors of ROP were selected as observation group and 18 normal infants as control groups. By using atom spectrophotometer, the contents of serum trace elements (Mg, Cu, Zn, Mn, ...
Barnaby Amber M AM Department of Ophthalmology, Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2007
To test the hypothesis that the late-maturing parafoveal rod photoreceptors are more vulnerable than peripheral rods to the effects of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Twenty-four infants with a history of preterm birth (gestational age at birth </=31 weeks) participated in a longitudinal study: 12 had mild ROP that resolved without ...
Vinekar Anand - - 2007
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is an important cause of childhood blindness in developing countries. To report the spectrum of ROP and associated risk factors in babies weighing > 1250 g at birth in a developing country. Institutional, retrospective, non-randomized, observational clinical case series. Retrospective analysis (10 years) of 275 eyes ...
Blakey George H - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess changes in periodontal probing depth (PD) over time for third molar and nonthird molar regions in young adults. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The data were obtained from healthy subjects with 4 asymptomatic third molars, enrolled in an IRB-approved longitudinal trial. Demographic and ...
Eifinger F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Preterm infants with respiratory distress are routinely treated by application of nasal mask continuous positive airway pressure. In preterm infants with cleft lip and palate, nasal mask attachment is not feasible due to air leakage through the cleft defect. Here, we describe a modified continuous positive airway pressure application ...
Nguyen Ruby H N - - 2007
PURPOSE: Occupational factors have been associated with risk of orofacial clefts in offspring, although data are limited. We explored associations between parent's occupation and isolated orofacial clefts using a population-based case-control study. METHODS: Cases were restricted to infants born with an isolated orofacial cleft in Norway during the period 1996 ...
Shpack Nir - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Labial cervical vertical groove (LCVG), a dental anomaly found at the cervical region of upper permanent incisors, can be of esthetic, periodontal and prosthetic concern. The aim of this study was to define the prevalence and characteristics of LCVG. DESIGN: Of the 1250 examined subjects, 66 exhibited an LCVG. ...
Fortes Filho J B - - 2009
AIMS: To analyse the incidence and risk factors for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and survival rates among extremely low birth weight (ELBW) and very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 352 infants admitted at a teaching hospital, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil, ...
Kieneke Alexander - - 2007
The taxon Neodasys has a basal position within Gastrotricha. This makes it very interesting for phylogenetic considerations in this group. To complete the reconstruction of the nephridial system in the stem species of Gastrotricha started earlier, we have studied the whole protonephridial system of Neodasys chaetonotoideus by means of complete ...
Golalipour Mohammad Jafar - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence of oral clefting in northern Iran. SETTING: In the Dezyani hospital 37,951 live births from 1998 through 2003 were screened for oral clefts. Clinical and demographic factors of diagnosed cases, including birth date, ethnicity, type of oral cleft, parental consanguinity, and coexisting anomalies, were recorded ...
Hagadorn J I - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To test cumulative neonatal illness severity (IS) and IS fluctuation as predictors of progression from moderate to severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Data from research databases and medical record review were collected for infants from four neonatal intensive care unit (NICUs) admitted between 1995 and 2001 and diagnosed ...
Lofqvist Chatarina - - 2007
Vessel loss precipitates many diseases. In particular, vessel loss resulting in hypoxia induces retinal neovascularization in diabetic retinopathy and in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), major causes of blindness. Here we define insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP3) as a new modulator of vascular survival and regrowth in oxygen-induced retinopathy. In ...
Li Emmy Y M - - 2007
PURPOSE: To assess the agreement of central and paracentral corneal thickness measurements between ultrasound pachymetry (USP), Orbscan II, and Visante anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT). DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy eyes of 70 subjects. METHODS: Each subject underwent Orbscan II (using an acoustic equivalent correction factor of 0.89), ...
Eliason Kyle J - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the incidence, progression, and duration of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in low-birth-weight Hispanic and white non-Hispanic infants. METHODS: A total of 671 white non-Hispanic infants and 128 Hispanic infants with birth weights less than 1751 g were retrospectively evaluated to determine the incidence of both ROP and ...
Mandal K - - 2007
AIMS: Stage 3 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) usually develops in the very small babies. An infant born at 30 (2) weeks' gestation and of birth weight 2102 g was found to have stage 3 ROP bilaterally. The unusual severity of the disease in a child of birth weight >2000 g ...
Reid Julie - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the sucking performance of bottle-fed babies with cleft conditions. PARTICIPANTS: Forty 2-week-old-babies with cleft lip (CL; n = 8), cleft palate (CP; n = 22), and cleft lip and palate (CLP; n = 10) were examined. METHODS: Suction, compression, and other sucking parameters were measured during bottle-feeding ...
Masarei A G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Feeding difficulties are reported widely in infants with cleft lip and/ or palate. There is, however, a paucity of objective information about the feeding patterns of these infants. This study compared patterns of feeding in infants with unrepaired cleft lip and palate with healthy noncleft infants of a similar ...
Wahl Norman - - 2007
Around 1970, after overcoming obstacles related to anesthesia, infection, and blood supply, orthognathic surgeons come into their own. The history of cleft lip and palate treatment has a much earlier beginning because a deformed infant evokes a strong desire to intervene. Angle's belief that orthodontists can grow bone finally came ...
Kane Alex A AA Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to quantitate preoperative osseous dysmorphology in a homogeneous group of 3-month-old infants with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate. High-resolution computed tomography scans of 28 infants with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate were the basis for study. Coordinate data from 43 landmarks on ...
Flores-Santos Roberto - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a serious complication of treatment and extension of survival in premature infants and leads to blindness unless recognized and treated early. An ROP prospective screening survey was performed, enrolling all premature newborns weighing <2000 g at delivery. METHODS: A total of 2014 infants had ...
Masarei A G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the controversial assertion that presurgical orthopedics (PSO) facilitate feeding in infants with cleft lip and palate. DESIGN: Randomized control trial of 34 infants with nonsyndromic complete unilateral cleft lip and palate and 16 with cleft of the soft and at least two thirds of the hard palate. ...
Smith Timothy D - - 2007
Turbinals (scroll bones, turbinates) are projections from the lateral wall of the nasal fossa. These bones vary from simple folds to branching scrolls. Conventionally, maxilloturbinals comprise the respiratory turbinals, whereas nasoturbinals and ethmoturbinals comprise olfactory turbinals, denoting the primary type of mucosa that lines these conchae. However, the first ethmoturbinal ...
Honein Margaret A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Smoking during pregnancy has been associated with orofacial clefts in numerous studies. However, most previous studies have not been able to assess the relation between maternal smoking and specific phenotypes (eg, bilateral clefts). METHODS: We examined the association between periconceptional maternal smoking, environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure, and cleft ...
Pulzer Ferdinand - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and other ocular morbidities in extremely premature infants. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the prevalence and nature of ocular abnormalities in a cohort of 22 extremely pre-term infants born <25 + 0 weeks of estimated gestational age (GA) was performed. ...
Friling Ronit - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the incidence and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) differs between infants conceived naturally and those born after assisted conception, and to analyze the impact of singleton versus multiple gestation on ROP. DESIGN: Comparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: The study group consisted of 363 infants with a ...
Manzoni P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a multifactorial disease, but little is known about its relationship with perinatal risk factors. We tested the hypothesis that the mode of delivery may be associated with threshold ROP as defined by CRYO-ROP. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, cohort analysis of a database of ...
Liou Eric Jein-Wein EJ Department of Orthodontics and Craniofacial Dentistry and Craniofacial Center, Department of Plastic Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, 199 Tung-Hwa North Road, Taipei 105, Taiwan. - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to assess the progressive changes of columella length and nasal growth after presurgical nasoalveolar molding and primary cheiloplasty in bilateral complete cleft lip-cleft palate infants. Twenty-two consecutive complete bilateral cleft lip-cleft palate infants were included. All of them underwent nasoalveolar molding for columella lengthening ...
Wilcox Allen J - - 2007
To explore the role of folic acid supplements, dietary folates, and multivitamins in the prevention of facial clefts. National population based case-control study. Infants born 1996-2001 in Norway. 377 infants with cleft lip with or without cleft palate; 196 infants with cleft palate alone; 763 controls. Association of facial clefts ...
Todd D A - - 2007
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) significantly increased in New South Wales (NSW) from 1986 to 1994, but more recent data suggest that there has now been a decrease. To study the incidence and treatment of severe ROP (stage >or=3) in NSW and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) from 1992 to 2002. ...
Heiland Max - - 2007
Airway management in infants with Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is often challenging. Advancement of the tongue base using mandibular distraction in neonates can avoid tracheotomy and is increasingly propagated. The osteotomies can be performed via intra- and extraoral approaches. Nowadays, for precise bone cutting, piezosurgical devices have been introduced in ...
Tomizawa, Mieko
The present study was carried out to investigate the oral status of 234 Japanese infants, who had registered at the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital over a period of 26 years, from 1979 to 2005. The 234 infants consisted of 125 males and 109 females ...
Al-Amro Saleh A - - 2007
We prospectively studied the risk factors and the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in 195 consecutive preterm infants. Birth weight and duration of mechanical ventilation were the only factors significantly associated with the incidence of ROP. While indomethacin increases the risk of developing ROP, maternal antenatal steroids have a ...
Chen Jing - - 2007
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a common blinding disease in children in the developed world despite current treatment, and is becoming increasingly prevalent in the developing world. ROP progresses in two phases. The first phase begins with delayed retinal vascular growth after birth and partial regression of existing vessels, followed ...
Fu Ren-Huei - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is the main cause of visual impairment in premature infants and is considered to be a multifactorial disease. Because of the similarity between the human retina and the erythrocyte concerning their antioxidant mechanism, the aim of this study was to measure the erythrocyte anti-oxyenzyme activity ...
Angelini Paola - - 2007
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: In 1994, French authors hypothesized that positive skeletal mlBG spots in infants with stage 4 neuroblastoma were not prognostically unfavorable unless associated to abnormal standard X-ray or CT findings. In 1999, the European Infant Neuroblastoma Study adopted this definition, indeed reducing the number of patients candidate to ...
Al-Amro Saleh A - - 2007
We prospectively studied the risk factors and the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in 195 consecutive preterm infants. Birth weight and duration of mechanical ventilation were the only factors that were significantly associated with the incidence of ROP. While indomethacin increases the risk of developing ROP, maternal antenatal steroids ...
Donkor P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There has been a steady increase in the number of patients with cleft lip and palate being treated at our hospital. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the socio-demographic characteristics of patients with cleft lip and palate as seen in a hospital setting. METHODS: New and ...
Benedetto Anthony V - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to identify the cause of an asymmetrical smile and to ascertain whether or not it would be correctable by injections of Botulinum toxin A (BTX-A). METHODS: Five patients with asymmetrical smiles were identified and found to lower one side of their lower lip in an exaggerated ...
Konstanty-Kurkiewicz Violetta - - 2007
PURPOSE: There are 6 fontanels in the newborn's skull. Scientists have been mainly interested in the development of anterior fontanel in foetus and newborn. There are no researches about the development of posterior fontanel. The aim of our study was to estimate the size of posterior fontanel in different periods ...
Ashworth J L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Intraocular lens (IOL) implantation is becoming increasingly accepted as a primary procedure in infants. AIM: To evaluate the accuracy of IOL power calculation, the rate of myopic shift and the refractive outcome after primary IOL implantation in infants aged <12 months at the time of cataract surgery. METHOD: A ...
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