Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1091
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Li Emmy Y M - - 2007
PURPOSE: To assess the agreement of central and paracentral corneal thickness measurements between ultrasound pachymetry (USP), Orbscan II, and Visante anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT). DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy eyes of 70 subjects. METHODS: Each subject underwent Orbscan II (using an acoustic equivalent correction factor of 0.89), ...
Eliason Kyle J - - 2007
PURPOSE: To compare the incidence, progression, and duration of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in low-birth-weight Hispanic and white non-Hispanic infants. METHODS: A total of 671 white non-Hispanic infants and 128 Hispanic infants with birth weights less than 1751 g were retrospectively evaluated to determine the incidence of both ROP and ...
Mandal K - - 2007
AIMS: Stage 3 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) usually develops in the very small babies. An infant born at 30 (2) weeks' gestation and of birth weight 2102 g was found to have stage 3 ROP bilaterally. The unusual severity of the disease in a child of birth weight >2000 g ...
Reid Julie - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the sucking performance of bottle-fed babies with cleft conditions. PARTICIPANTS: Forty 2-week-old-babies with cleft lip (CL; n = 8), cleft palate (CP; n = 22), and cleft lip and palate (CLP; n = 10) were examined. METHODS: Suction, compression, and other sucking parameters were measured during bottle-feeding ...
Masarei A G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Feeding difficulties are reported widely in infants with cleft lip and/ or palate. There is, however, a paucity of objective information about the feeding patterns of these infants. This study compared patterns of feeding in infants with unrepaired cleft lip and palate with healthy noncleft infants of a similar ...
Kane Alex A - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to quantitate preoperative osseous dysmorphology in a homogeneous group of 3-month-old infants with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate. High-resolution computed tomography scans of 28 infants with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate were the basis for study. Coordinate data from 43 landmarks on ...
Wahl Norman - - 2007
Around 1970, after overcoming obstacles related to anesthesia, infection, and blood supply, orthognathic surgeons come into their own. The history of cleft lip and palate treatment has a much earlier beginning because a deformed infant evokes a strong desire to intervene. Angle's belief that orthodontists can grow bone finally came ...
Flores-Santos Roberto - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a serious complication of treatment and extension of survival in premature infants and leads to blindness unless recognized and treated early. An ROP prospective screening survey was performed, enrolling all premature newborns weighing <2000 g at delivery. METHODS: A total of 2014 infants had ...
Masarei A G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the controversial assertion that presurgical orthopedics (PSO) facilitate feeding in infants with cleft lip and palate. DESIGN: Randomized control trial of 34 infants with nonsyndromic complete unilateral cleft lip and palate and 16 with cleft of the soft and at least two thirds of the hard palate. ...
Smith Timothy D - - 2007
Turbinals (scroll bones, turbinates) are projections from the lateral wall of the nasal fossa. These bones vary from simple folds to branching scrolls. Conventionally, maxilloturbinals comprise the respiratory turbinals, whereas nasoturbinals and ethmoturbinals comprise olfactory turbinals, denoting the primary type of mucosa that lines these conchae. However, the first ethmoturbinal ...
Honein Margaret A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Smoking during pregnancy has been associated with orofacial clefts in numerous studies. However, most previous studies have not been able to assess the relation between maternal smoking and specific phenotypes (eg, bilateral clefts). METHODS: We examined the association between periconceptional maternal smoking, environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure, and cleft ...
Pulzer Ferdinand - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and other ocular morbidities in extremely premature infants. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the prevalence and nature of ocular abnormalities in a cohort of 22 extremely pre-term infants born <25 + 0 weeks of estimated gestational age (GA) was performed. ...
Liou Eric Jein-Wein - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to assess the progressive changes of columella length and nasal growth after presurgical nasoalveolar molding and primary cheiloplasty in bilateral complete cleft lip-cleft palate infants. Twenty-two consecutive complete bilateral cleft lip-cleft palate infants were included. All of them underwent nasoalveolar molding for columella lengthening ...
Friling Ronit - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the incidence and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) differs between infants conceived naturally and those born after assisted conception, and to analyze the impact of singleton versus multiple gestation on ROP. DESIGN: Comparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: The study group consisted of 363 infants with a ...
Manzoni P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a multifactorial disease, but little is known about its relationship with perinatal risk factors. We tested the hypothesis that the mode of delivery may be associated with threshold ROP as defined by CRYO-ROP. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, cohort analysis of a database of ...
Wilcox Allen J - - 2007
To explore the role of folic acid supplements, dietary folates, and multivitamins in the prevention of facial clefts. National population based case-control study. Infants born 1996-2001 in Norway. 377 infants with cleft lip with or without cleft palate; 196 infants with cleft palate alone; 763 controls. Association of facial clefts ...
Todd D A - - 2007
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) significantly increased in New South Wales (NSW) from 1986 to 1994, but more recent data suggest that there has now been a decrease. To study the incidence and treatment of severe ROP (stage >or=3) in NSW and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) from 1992 to 2002. ...
Heiland Max - - 2007
Airway management in infants with Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is often challenging. Advancement of the tongue base using mandibular distraction in neonates can avoid tracheotomy and is increasingly propagated. The osteotomies can be performed via intra- and extraoral approaches. Nowadays, for precise bone cutting, piezosurgical devices have been introduced in ...
Tomizawa, Mieko
The present study was carried out to investigate the oral status of 234 Japanese infants, who had registered at the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital over a period of 26 years, from 1979 to 2005. The 234 infants consisted of 125 males and 109 females ...
Al-Amro Saleh A - - 2007
We prospectively studied the risk factors and the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in 195 consecutive preterm infants. Birth weight and duration of mechanical ventilation were the only factors significantly associated with the incidence of ROP. While indomethacin increases the risk of developing ROP, maternal antenatal steroids have a ...
Chen Jing - - 2007
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a common blinding disease in children in the developed world despite current treatment, and is becoming increasingly prevalent in the developing world. ROP progresses in two phases. The first phase begins with delayed retinal vascular growth after birth and partial regression of existing vessels, followed ...
Fu Ren-Huei - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is the main cause of visual impairment in premature infants and is considered to be a multifactorial disease. Because of the similarity between the human retina and the erythrocyte concerning their antioxidant mechanism, the aim of this study was to measure the erythrocyte anti-oxyenzyme activity ...
Angelini Paola - - 2007
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: In 1994, French authors hypothesized that positive skeletal mlBG spots in infants with stage 4 neuroblastoma were not prognostically unfavorable unless associated to abnormal standard X-ray or CT findings. In 1999, the European Infant Neuroblastoma Study adopted this definition, indeed reducing the number of patients candidate to ...
Al-Amro Saleh A - - 2007
We prospectively studied the risk factors and the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in 195 consecutive preterm infants. Birth weight and duration of mechanical ventilation were the only factors that were significantly associated with the incidence of ROP. While indomethacin increases the risk of developing ROP, maternal antenatal steroids ...
Donkor P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There has been a steady increase in the number of patients with cleft lip and palate being treated at our hospital. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the socio-demographic characteristics of patients with cleft lip and palate as seen in a hospital setting. METHODS: New and ...
Benedetto Anthony V - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to identify the cause of an asymmetrical smile and to ascertain whether or not it would be correctable by injections of Botulinum toxin A (BTX-A). METHODS: Five patients with asymmetrical smiles were identified and found to lower one side of their lower lip in an exaggerated ...
Konstanty-Kurkiewicz Violetta - - 2007
PURPOSE: There are 6 fontanels in the newborn's skull. Scientists have been mainly interested in the development of anterior fontanel in foetus and newborn. There are no researches about the development of posterior fontanel. The aim of our study was to estimate the size of posterior fontanel in different periods ...
Ashworth J L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Intraocular lens (IOL) implantation is becoming increasingly accepted as a primary procedure in infants. AIM: To evaluate the accuracy of IOL power calculation, the rate of myopic shift and the refractive outcome after primary IOL implantation in infants aged <12 months at the time of cataract surgery. METHOD: A ...
Löfqvist Chatarina - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether postnatal growth and development influence retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and may be included in screening for ROP. DESIGN: We developed an algorithm to predict for individual infants the risk of later ROP development requiring treatment based on the postnatal longitudinal systemic factors of insulin-like growth factor ...
Yokota Harumasa - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate serum prorenin levels in preterm infants with or without retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). DESIGN: Noncomparative retrospective case control study. METHODS: Serum prorenin levels in children with a gestational age younger than 36 weeks were measured with antibody-activating direct enzyme kinetic assay. RESULTS: The mean prorenin concentrations were ...
Dellavia Claudia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the size and shape of the hard tissue palate of Italian subjects with hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The morphology and the dimensions of the hard tissue palate were analyzed in eight 6-year-old boys affected by HED. Four of the boys were completely edentulous and ...
DiBiasie AnnMarie - - 2006
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) continues to be a significant complication in preterm neonates despite advances in neonatal care. Very low birth weight and extremely low birth weight infants continue to suffer from the sequelae of premature birth, including ROP. Controversy and uncertainty surround prevention of ROP. Possible preventive strategies include ...
Vanderveen Deborah K - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine whether lowering oxygen saturation alarm limits for infants at risk for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) reduces its incidence and/or severity. METHODS: Oximetry alarm limits were lowered to 85% and 93% for all infants with a birth weight 1250 g or less and/or gestational age 28 weeks or ...
Shimizu Satoru - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: With removal of the posterior meatal wall for intrameatal acoustic neurinoma, preservation of the structures adjacent to the internal acoustic meatus is important. The authors performed an anatomic study to clarify the risk of damage to the endolymphatic sac and endolymphatic duct during this maneuver. METHODS: Twenty-seven sides of ...
Gaynon Michael W - - 2006
PURPOSE: To review systemic modifiable factors that might downregulate pathologic levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in prethreshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and thereby reduce the risk of blindness in affected infants. METHODS: Review of the author's clinical experience as compared to the STOP-ROP study, and discussion and literature ...
Kychenthal Andres - - 2006
PURPOSE: To study the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes after laser and surgical treatment in a series of infants with zone I retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Preterm infants less than 1,500 g at birth diagnosed with zone I ROP were studied. Fifty-seven consecutive eyes in 29 infants with zone ...
Rajion Zainul A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate anatomical variations and abnormalities of cervical spine morphology in unoperated infants with cleft lip and palate. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional investigation of infants born with nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate using computed tomography scans acquired for investigation of a spectrum of clinical conditions. SETTING: Computed tomography scan data ...
Heinrich Annegret - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to demonstrate clefts of the secondary palate in embryos found to have cleft lip in order to evaluate the validity of prenatal ultrasound examination and, thus, to assess the significance of this diagnostic method for coordination and care of parents and infant. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over ...
Zecca Enrico - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of different delivery room strategies on survival, short term morbidity, and outcomes in extremely premature infants. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included all preterm infants with a gestational age between 24 and 28 weeks who were born in 1992-1997 (period A; n = 161) and ...
Rajion Zainul A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare morphological and positional variations of the hyoid bone in unoperated infants with cleft lip and palate (CL/P) with those in noncleft infants. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross sectional. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional computed tomography scans were obtained from 29 unoperated CL/P infants of Malay origin aged between 0 and ...
- - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The Photographic Screening for Retinopathy of Prematurity Study (Photo-ROP) sought to evaluate the utility of digital wide-angle photographic fundus screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) as compared to bedside indirect ophthalmoscopy. This article describes the study design and presents baseline characteristics of the subjects. DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter, masked, Internet-based ...
Cooper Margaret E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clefting birth prevalence among Asian populations, specifically Chinese and Japanese, using raw counts from nonoverlapping published studies of Asian populations, and to investigate whether Asian clefting rates have been interpreted accurately as being up to twice the Caucasian rate. DESIGN: A literature review of articles giving ...
Lotz Kristina - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: For embryonal facial development several fusion processes between different facial prominences are necessary. If fusion fails to appear, various facial clefts may occur, known as median (e.g. lower median cleft lip), oblique (e.g. open nasolacrimal duct) or lateral facial clefts (macrostomia, lateral cleft). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The development of ...
Li Yang - - 2006
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between lip repair and inhibition of maxillary growth, and to investigate the characteristics of upper lip in patients with complete unilateral clefts of lip, alveolus and palate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Lateral cephalometric radiographs and photographs (anterior-posterior and profile) were taken for 3 groups of patients: ...
Mukherjee Achyut N - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare the impact of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening examination between a digital fundus camera and conventional binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy (BIO) using cardiorespiratory indices as a measure of distress. DESIGN: Prospective comparative (nonrandomized) interventional study. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-six preterm infants with a birth weight of < or =1500 g ...
Engel Rolf R - - 2006
Investigators aware of prior treatment assignments may deliberately or subliminally influence rates of subsequent consent in randomised trials, thus introducing the possibility of bias. As a trial of Supplemental Therapeutic Oxygen for Prethreshold Retinopathy of Prematurity (STOP-ROP) was not masked to health professionals other than ophthalmologists, this possibility was evaluated ...
Bányász Ilona - - 2006
Angiogenic factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiopoietin 2 (Ang2) contribute to development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). We aimed to test whether polymorphisms of these factors are associated with ROP. VEGF(-2578) and Ang2(-35) polymorphisms were analyzed with PCR-RFLP method in 200 preterm infants without ROP or ...
Ahmed Mohamed A T - - 2006
AIM: To ascertain the prevalence of significant Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) and ROP requiring treatment in infants born greater than 30 weeks gestation and with a birthweight greater than 1250 g, utilising the Neonatal Intensive Care Units' (NICUS) data collection from 1998 to 2002. Second, to determine whether infants delivered ...
Yang Michael B - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine whether race, gender, and the Clinical Risk Index for Babies (CRIB) illness severity score are predictors of threshold or severe prethreshold retinopathy of prematurity warranting surgery (ROP warranting surgery) and whether racial and gender differences in ROP are correlated with racial and gender differences in illness severity. ...
VanderVeen Deborah K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To present strabismus data for premature infants with prethreshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) enrolled in the Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity study. DESIGN: The prevalence of strabismus was tabulated for all of the infants with high-risk prethreshold disease who participated in the randomized trial of the Early Treatment ...
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