Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1108
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Silva Ruwan A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report the 18-month experience of the Stanford University Network for Diagnosis of Retinopathy of Prematurity (SUNDROP) telemedicine initiative. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of the SUNDROP archival data between 1 December 2005 and 30 May 2007, evaluating this new diagnostic technology for ROP screening. PARTICIPANTS: All 97 consecutively enrolled infants ...
Mutlu Fatih Mehmet - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report the frequency, risk factors, and outcomes of screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Data of neonates with a gestational age of 34 weeks or less were analyzed and the predictors on the development of ROP were determined by using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Of the 318 ...
Hauser Jonas - - 2008
Synthetic glucocorticoids such as dexamethasone (DEX) are commonly used to prevent respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants, but there is emerging evidence of subsequent neurobehavioral abnormalities (e.g. problems with inattention/hyperactivity). In the present study, we exposed pregnant common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus, primates) to daily repeated DEX (5 mg/kg by mouth) ...
Karkhaneh R - - 2008
AIM: To determine the incidence and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in premature infants referred to a tertiary eye hospital during 2003-7 to provide preliminary evidence about ROP in Iran. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, data for premature infants screened for ROP in Farabi Eye Hospital including possible ...
Smith Timothy D - - 2008
Dimensions of the external midface in mammals are sometimes related to olfactory abilities (e.g., "olfactory snouts" of strepsirrhine primates). This association hinges on the largely unexplored relationship between the protruding midface and internal topography of the nasal fossae. Herein, serially sectioned heads of embryonic to adult cheirogaleid primates (mouse and ...
Hamilton Ruth - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To establish normal development of rod electroretinograms in preterm infants and to assess the effects of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). STUDY DESIGN: We measured 88 Naka-Rushton functions from 41 preterm infants at maturities from 30 to 72 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA). Outcomes (log sigma, retinal sensitivity and V(max), retinal ...
Hussain K - - 2008
Most foreign body aspirations occur in children younger than five years old, with 65% of deaths affecting infants younger than one year. A reasonably uncommon eventuality is attachment and retention of the foreign body to the oral mucosal tissues and in particular to the soft tissues of the hard palate. ...
Singla Shefali - - 2008
Presurgical Orthopaedics is any treatment that alters the position of the segments of cleft maxilla in infancy prior to lip and palate reconstruction. There are different approaches, with different mechanics, seeking and achieving different end results. This article describes PNAM, a current approach to the traditional method of presurgical infant ...
Beaumont Diane - - 2008
Faltering weight (or failure to thrive) in infants with cleft lip and palate has largely been attributed to early feeding difficulties. In recent years, the reorganisation of cleft lip and palate services in England and Wales into regional teams has seen the introduction of clinical nurse specialists, who provide early ...
Coleman Rebecca J - - 2008
Oxygen fluctuation patterns in preterm infants who develop retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) are varied and poorly represented in animal models. We examined the hypothesis that clustered (CL) episodes of hypoxia during hyperoxia results in a more severe form of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) than dispersed episodes. Rat pups were exposed to ...
Adcock Kim G - - 2008
Extrinsic staining of teeth due to excessive iron intake has been reported previously in the literature. We describe a 7-month-old infant who presented with extrinsic teeth staining due to inadvertent over consumption of dietary iron. The infant was fed iron-fortified formula and rice cereal. Rice cereal, fortified with iron, was ...
Suk Kevin K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) is used for the treatment of anemia of prematurity. However, it has also been found to have properties similar to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), the major angiogenic factor implicated in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). We sought to determine whether rhEPO is ...
Ahmed A S M Nawshad Uddin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a potentially blinding eye disorder that primarily affects premature infants. Increased survival of extremely low birth weight infants following advances in antenatal and neonatal care has resulted in a population of infants at high risk of developing ROP. Long term morbidity of ROP has ...
Dhaliwal C - - 2008
To report the trends in incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) within Lothian, a geographically defined region in southeast Scotland over a 15-year period from 1990 to 2004. This was a prospective observational study of all infants born with gestational age <32 weeks and/or birth weight <1500 g who were ...
Dunai György - - 2008
PURPOSE: Our recent investigations suggested association between severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and some genetic polymorphisms contributing to angiogenesis. While these findings may help to identify specific elements in ROP pathogenesis, the predictive value of these genetic variants at birth is unknown. We applied a high-dimensional nonparametric method called random ...
Grawunder Sven - - 2008
The current study is concerned with ingressive stops (clicks) with a noisy accompaniment exemplified by data from West !Xoon, a Taa variety ("!Xoo", TuuSouthern Khoisan) spoken in Namibia. Within the obstruent system of West !Xoon, we describe (1) aspirated clicks, (2) clicks followed by a laryngeal fricative, (3) clicks with ...
Giannantonio Carmen - - 2008
PURPOSE: To analyze the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a single neonatal intensive care unit over 10 years to clarify its ROP profile and how it was modified by advances in neonatal care. METHODS: Epidemiological data related to incidence and severity of ROP were collected over 10 years. ...
Holmes L B - - 2008
Pregnancy registries for women taking anticonvulsant drugs have been developed to determine more efficiently the fetal risks of each drug. A total of 722 drug-exposed pregnancies are needed to identify a sevenfold increase in the rate of occurrence of a specific abnormality, such as spina bifida, with a frequency of ...
Pieh C - - 2008
AIM: To study prospectively the plasma levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-A), its soluble receptors sVEGFR-1, sVEGFR-2 and soluble Tie2 in premature infants. To identify their changes related to the onset of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Blood samples of 63 preterm infants born at a postmenstrual age (PMA) ...
Taqui Ather M - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: To determine the frequency of Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) in the premature infants born in a tertiary care hospital and to determine the risk factors associated with it. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of premature infants with birth weight < or = 1500 grams or gestational ago < ...
Buksh Mariam J - - 2008
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a multifactorial disease affecting the developing retinal vasculature and remains an important cause of blindness in very preterm infants. Rush disease, or aggressive posterior ROP (AP-ROP), progresses rapidly to stage 5 disease without exhibiting the classical course that includes stages 1-3. We describe an infant ...
Schiariti V - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence trend and long-term visual outcomes of infants diagnosed with stages 3 to 4 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) or laser-treated ROP born in British Columbia (Canada). STUDY DESIGN: Data from all (n=1384) neonates with birth weight (BW) <1250 g, admitted to British Columbia Children's Hospital between ...
Lederman Dror - - 2008
This paper addresses the problem of classification of infants with cleft palate. A hidden Markov model (HMM)-based cry classification algorithm is presented. A parallel HMM (PHMM) for coping with age masking, based on a maximum-likelihood decision rule, is introduced. The performance of the proposed algorithm under different model parameters and ...
Smolkin Tatiana - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) develops mostly in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) premature infants. Besides prematurity and hyperoxia, other variables have been brought up as risk factors for ROP. We aimed to search risk factors for ROP by comparing two groups of preemies, one with and the other without ROP. ...
Aqrabawi H E - - 2008
To estimate incidence of cleft lip and cleft palate among Jordanian infants and to identify associated anomalies, we carried out a prospective, hospital-based study over a 5-year period, January 2000-January 2005. The total number of liveborn infants was 25 440, 60 of whom (2.4/1000) had facial clefts: 20 (33%) with ...
Bourla Dan H - - 2008
PURPOSE: To identify systemic risk factors associated with treatment failure of diode laser photocoagulation for threshold or prethreshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Consecutive infants treated with laser at our institution and infants referred from outside centers with progression to stage 4 or 5 ROP after laser treatment were included ...
Hartnett M Elizabeth - - 2008
PURPOSE: To describe short term outcomes in a case series of infants with rapidly progressive retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) requiring laser and lens-sparing vitrectomies (LSV) at early postmenstrual ages (PMAs). METHODS: Retrospective chart review of infants born at or under 24 0/7 weeks consecutively referred for management of severe ROP ...
Viswanathan Narayanan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To objectively estimate the extent of hearing loss in infants with cleft palate and to measure the incidence of hearing loss. DESIGN: Retrospective consecutive case note review. SETTING: Tertiary institutional regional referral center for cleft lip and palate. PATIENTS, PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive cases of 90 infants with cleft palate who ...
Lad E M - - 2008
AIMS: To determine the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) based upon a national database and to identify baseline characteristics, demographic information, comorbidities, and surgical interventions. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample, a representative sample of all US hospital discharges from 1997 to 2002, was queried for all newborn infants with ...
Russell Kathleen A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the changes in prevalence and antenatal detection of cleft lip with or without cleft palate and isolated cleft palate and to describe the association between anomalies and rates of antenatal diagnosis in Nova Scotia from 1992 to 2002. DESIGN: This population-based cohort study employed the Nova Scotia ...
Oh Albert K - - 2008
A 1-day-old boy in respiratory distress had a midline soft tissue band between the floor of the mouth and the posterior edge of the hard palate. There was also a soft palatal cleft, cardiac anomalies, and a hypoplastic right fifth finger and toe. Although his airway initially improved following urgent ...
Cheng Huey-Chuan - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To investigate inaccuracy and variability in residual stromal thickness estimation in LASIK by pachymetry and measurements of corneal thickness, flap thickness, and ablation depth. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 73 eyes of 37 patients, preoperative and postoperative corneal thicknesses were obtained with slit-scanning elevation topography and the ultrasound ...
Chen Y - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Guidelines on oxygenation policies and on the prevention and treatment of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) were issued by the Chinese Medical Association in 2004. This study was undertaken to determine the incidence of and risk factors for ROP among preterm infants in Beijing, the capital of China, after implementation ...
Mugitani Ryoko - - 2008
Japanese 8-month-olds were tested to investigate the matching of particular lip movements to corresponding non-canonical sounds, namely a bilabial trill (BT) and a whistle (WL). The results showed that the infants succeeded in lip-voice matching for the bilabial trill, whereas they failed to do so for the whistle.
Binkhathlan A A - - 2008
AIMS: To study the risk factors for Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) and the applicability of the current ROP screening criteria in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A retrospective study of ROP incidence was conducted in patients of a neonatal intensive care unit in Riyadh from July 2003 until July 2004. Infants born ...
Karayazgan Banu - - 2009
Cleft palate is a commonly observed congenital maxillofacial defect. One of the most important problems with clefts is the interference with feeding. An affected infant cannot produce negative pressure in the oral cavity and therefore cannot move the bolus backward to the pharynx. To obtain better nutritional intake prior to ...
Adhikari S - - 2008
World Health Organization's Vision 2020 program has recognized Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) as an important cause of childhood blindness in industrialized and developing countries. In the last few years, it has been identified in many under developed countries as well, as a result of improved neonatal intensive care. In Nepal, ...
Chawla Deepak - - 2008
With improved survival of very low birth infants in India, Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is emerging as a significant problem. The most important risk factor in the pathogenesis of ROP is prematurity. Other factors like, problems with oxygenation frequent blood transfusions, sepsis and apnea have also been implicated in the ...
Sinko Klaus - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare a Vienna unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) patient sample with the Eurocleft samples using the GOSLON score, to determine the intra- and interrater agreement between several raters and ratings, and to establish whether training with the original GOSLON models enhances accuracy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred ...
Gallivan Steve - - 2008
Safety improvements are sometimes based on the premise that introducing measures to combat minor or no-harm incidents proportionately reduces the incidence of major incidents involving harm. This is in line with the principle of the Heinrich ratio, which asserts that there is a relatively fixed ratio between the incidence of ...
Witherow Helen - - 2008
Multisutural synostosis may result in frontofacial hypoplasia. The aesthetic and function problems arising from this can be corrected by frontofacial advancement, either by monobloc or bipartition osteotomy. Significantly larger, safer advancements can be achieved using distraction osteogenesis when compared to conventional osteotomy. However, the stability of this technique has been ...
Rusai Krisztina - - 2008
PURPOSE: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), which is associated with abnormal retinal vessel development, is the leading cause of visual loss in preterm infants. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is believed to play a central role in both retinal angiogenesis and vasculogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate functional ...
Alme Aaron M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity study (ETROP), published in 2003, established new guidelines for treatment of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and demonstrated improved outcomes compared to previous guidelines. We examined outcomes before and after implementing the ETROP recommendations. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed using records ...
van Aalst John A - - 2008
After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the embryology of normal palate development, and the genetic and environmental causes of clefting. 2. Delineate the anatomy of the normal palate and the cleft palate. 3. Understand the Veau classification for clefts of the palate and techniques ...
Little J J Human Genome Epidemiology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2008
To investigate associations between nonsyndromic oral clefts and biochemical measures of folate status and the MTHFR C677T variant in the United Kingdom, where there has been no folic acid fortification program. Dietary details were obtained from the mothers of 112 cases of cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL+/-P), ...
Poletta F A - - 2007
The aim of this work was to search for unequal birth prevalence rates (BPRs) of cleft lip +/- cleft palate (CL/P), and cleft palate only (CPO), among different geographic areas in South America, and to analyze phenotypic characteristics and associated risk factors in each identified cluster. Included were 5,128 CL/P ...
Okamoto Toshio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a major cause of blindness in children. Because the use of oxygen is a known risk factor for development of ROP, supplemental oxygen is used carefully. However, it does not necessarily reduce the morbidity of ROP-induced blindness. The aim of the present study was ...
Carmichael Suzan L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether maternal corticosteroid use during pregnancy is associated with delivering an infant with an orofacial cleft. STUDY DESIGN: This study included data on deliveries from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, which is a population-based case-control study. Exposures were assessed by ...
Bharwani S K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between systemic fungal infection (SFI) and the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and severe ROP in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants by systematic review and meta-analysis. STUDY DESIGN: A meta-review was performed using a fixed effects model. The exposure and outcomes studied were ...
Santodomingo-Rubido Jacinto - - 2007
PURPOSE: To report differences in the incidence of adverse events and discontinuations found in a group of neophyte contact wearers using two different silicone hydrogel contact lenses on a daily- and continuous-wear basis during an 18-month period. METHODS: Sixty-one subjects were initially examined, and 53 were eligible to participate in ...
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