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Results 251 - 300 of 1112
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Radhakrishnan Vasant - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Various methods have been described for the primary surgical reconstruction of the unilateral cleft lip and palate deformity (UCLP) in infants. There have been several attempts at restoring the normal anatomy of the nose at the time of lip repair in the affected individuals with varying degrees of success. ...
Shastry Barkur S - - 2010
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vascular vitreoretinopathy that affects infants with short gestational age and low birth-weight. The condition is a multifactorial disease and is clinically similar to familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR), which is a bilateral hereditary eye disorder affecting full-term infants. Both of them are characterized by the ...
Dai Li L National Center for Birth Defect Monitoring, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China. - - 2010
Although the prevalence of oral clefts in China is among the highest in countries worldwide, little is known about its descriptive epidemiology. Data used in this study were collected from 1996 to 2005 using the nationwide hospital-based registry, the Chinese Birth Defects Monitoring Network. A total of 4,891,472 newborns (live ...
Fortes Filho Joao Borges - - 2010
Improved survival of preterm neonates has increased the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in many middle-income countries. This study aimed to verify the main risk factors for the development of ROP according to different gestational age (GA) groups. A prospective cohort study including infants weighing < or =1,500 g ...
Yang Michael B - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine whether a multivariate risk model can select infants with low-risk eyes for an alternative protocol that reduces retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening without loss of effectiveness. METHODS: This was a retrospective, nonrandomized, comparative study. We assigned 712 eyes of 357 premature infants of 401-1,250 g birth weights ...
Patra Pramod - - 2009
This four-month-old Pierre Robin child was admitted for cleft lip repair with history of two failed attempts at intubation and subsequent cancellation of surgery. The capnography guided awake nasal intubation was considered as the child's parents were desperate to get the surgery done. A modified cuffless endotracheal tube was used ...
Shrestha Jyoti Baba - - 2010
To determine the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in low birth weight premature infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of a children's hospital in Kathmandu. A hospital-based prospective study was performed in neonates with a gestational age of less than 36 weeks or birth weight of less ...
Murakami Yohko - - 2010
PURPOSE: To report the 24-month experience of the Stanford University Network for Diagnosis of Retinopathy of Prematurity (SUNDROP) telemedicine initiative. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the SUNDROP archival data gathered between 1 December 2005 and 30 November 2007 to evaluate this diagnostic technology for ROP screening. One hundred and sixty consecutively ...
Hirabayashi H - - 2010
In this study, the effects of maternal smoking along with other clinical risk factors in developing severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) were evaluated. A case-control study. Records of newborn infants with an estimated postmenstrual age of 32 weeks or less (n=86) were reviewed. ROP grading was evaluated in accordance with ...
Liu Li - - 2009
BACKGROUND: With the increasing survival rates of preterm infants, the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is also increasing. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors for ROP in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, and the effects of laser therapy. METHODS: Thirty-five premature infants with various other diseases were studied. ...
Choo May May - - 2009
PURPOSE: To identify differences in incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) between 2 birth weight categories within a cohort of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants in Malaysia. METHODS: This was a prospective study of infants in the Special Care Nursery at the University of Malaya ...
Grayson Barry H - - 2009
Presurgical infant orthopedics has been employed since 1950 as an adjunctive neonatal therapy for the correction of cleft lip and palate. Most of these therapies did not address deformity of the nasal cartilage in unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate as well as the deficiency of the columella tissue ...
Romagnoli C - - 2009
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a multifactorial disease which incidence is increasing with increasing survival of very preterm infants. Pathogenic pathway is characterised by abnormal retinal vascular development modulated by vascular growth factors: low IGF-1 in the first phase and high VEGF in the second phase. Many causal factors are ...
Collier Sarah A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Moderate caffeine intake during pregnancy is common, but little is known about its potential association with birth defects. METHODS: The National Birth Defects Prevention Study is a population-based, case-control study of major birth defects, excluding infants with single-gene disorders and chromosomal abnormalities. This analysis includes infants with cleft lip ...
Austeng Dordi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in extremely preterm infants born before 27 weeks' gestation in Sweden during a 3-year period. METHODS: A national, prospective, population-based study was performed in Sweden from April 1, 2004, to March 31, 2007. The ophthalmologic part of the study was ...
Neely Daniel - - 2009
Retinal vascular changes and the development of plus disease are the hallmarks of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether or not serial examinations of retrobulbar blood flow characteristics, as measured by color Doppler imaging (CDI) performed repeatedly over a period of several weeks, ...
Johnson Candice Y - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine how frequently orofacial clefts were diagnosed prenatally and to investigate factors associated with prenatal diagnosis. METHODS: We included 2298 mothers from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, each of whom gave birth to a child with an orofacial cleft, and assessed ...
Fortes Filho Jo?o B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is the leading cause of childhood blindness in most developed countries. This study aimed to verify ROP prevalence among all very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants admitted to a level-3 teaching hospital in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. METHODS: Institutional cross-sectional study ...
Shah Parag K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of babies with severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) attending a tertiary referral eye hospital in South India. METHODS: Data on consecutive preterm infants with severe ROP presenting between July 2002 and October 2007 were retrieved from medical records. Severe ROP was defined as high risk ...
Teed Ronald G W - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The incidence and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in extremely premature infants have not been reported since publication of the Early Treatment of ROP study results. The survival rate of these infants continues to increase. We sought to determine the characteristics of ROP in a group of surviving ...
Hozyasz K K - - 2009
We investigated the relation between concentrations of maternal zinc and copper and the risk of an infant being born with an orofacial cleft. We did a case-control study using 116 mothers of children with isolated cleft lip with or without cleft palate (cleft group), and 64 mothers of unaffected children ...
Shah Nishant - - 2010
In addition to its hematopoietic effects, erythropoietin causes an increased release of endothelin-1 and the stimulation of angiogenesis and thereby it may have possible role in development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Our objective was to determine if an association exists between recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) treatment and the development ...
Raffat Arsalah - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine retraction and alignment of protruded and rotated premaxillary segment and to measure increase in columellar length by using modified orthopaedic plate with anterior acrylic ring in newborn babies with non syndromic bilateral cleft lip and palate. METHODS: Pre surgical infant orthopaedic treatment of ten non syndromic bilateral ...
Genisca Alicia E AE Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, - - 2009
Orofacial clefts are among the most common types of birth defects, but their clinical presentation has not been well described in a geographically diverse US population. To describe the birth prevalence and phenotype of nonsyndromic clefts, we used data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS), a multi-site, population-based, ...
Wood Michael G - - 2009
Two unrelated premature infants at risk for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) were discharged home from a neonatal intensive care unit. Appropriately timed ROP examinations were performed in an outpatient setting in a free-standing pediatric ophthalmologist's private office remote from any hospital. The infants developed severe apnea and bradycardia at the ...
Lorenz Birgit - - 2009
To report on a 6-year experience with wide-field digital imaging based telemedicine (WFDI telemedicine) to reduce the risk for blindness from retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Wide-angle digital fundus cameras (RetCam 120, Massie Lab, Pleasanton, CA, USA) were installed in five neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in Germany. All prematures at ...
Bongaarts Catharina A M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate longitudinally the effect of infant orthopedics (IO) on dentofacial cephalometric variables in unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) patients from 4 to 6 years of age. DESIGN: Prospective two-arm randomized controlled clinical trial in three cleft palate centers in The Netherlands (Dutchcleft trial). PATIENTS: Fifty-four children with ...
Nayak Harish - - 2009
An unfavorable outcome occurs in 31% of cases of treated severe threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and includes a retinal detachment of the posterior pole. Early treatment with laser of high risk prethreshold or type 1 ROP has significantly reduced this complication. However, despite prompt laser treatment, retinal detachments continue ...
Beri Sarita - - 2009
PURPOSE: To analyze the oculometric parameters in preterm infants with and without retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and to observe the effect of presence of ROP on development of myopia. METHODS: A prospective study of preterm infants screened for ROP. Examination included fundus examination, cycloplegic refraction, and biometric measurements at three ...
Löfqvist Chatarina C Section of Pediatric Ophthalmology, The Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden. - - 2009
To validate in a prospective study the surveillance algorithm WINROP for detecting infants at risk for proliferative retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Fifty preterm infants with a mean gestational age of 26 weeks were included. In the first step of WINROP, weekly measures of body weight and serum insulinlike growth factor ...
Richter Grace M GM Department of Ophthalmology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, - - 2009
To compare the speed of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) diagnosis using standard indirect ophthalmoscopy with that of telemedicine. Prospective, comparative study. Three study examiners (2 pediatric retinal specialists [R.V.P.C., T.C.L.] and 1 pediatric ophthalmologist [M.F.C.]) conducted ROP diagnosis via standard indirect ophthalmoscopy and telemedicine. Each examiner performed: 1) standard ophthalmoscopy ...
Dunbar Jennifer A - - 2009
PURPOSE: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a major cause of lifelong blindness beginning in infancy. Utility analysis is used to describe the effect of illness and medical intervention on an individual's quality of life during the course of a lifetime. In this study, cost-utility analysis is used to evaluate the ...
Tokuhiro Yumiko - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The relationship between oxygen and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) has been studied frequently, and a pulse oximeter has the potential to facilitate the control of oxygen fluctuation in neonates. The objective of the present study was to compare the incidence of threshold ROP (stage 3 requiring laser treatment and ...
Pollan Charlene - - 2009
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) results from the abnormal growth of blood vessels in the vascular bed supporting the developing retina. Estimated to cause up to 500 new cases of blindness in the U.S. each year, ROP affects primarily infants born at less than 1,500 g. Although its etiology is not ...
Mantagos Iason S IS Department of Ophthalmology, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2009
Retinopathy or prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of potentially preventable blindness in children. With increased survival of infants born at earlier gestational ages the number of infants at risk from vision loss from ROP has increased. Current treatments consist of close monitoring of oxygen saturation levels, peripheral retinal ablation ...
Dammann Olaf - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship among markers of infection/inflammation in their association with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: We studied clinical characteristics and 4 single nucleotide polymorphisms in infection/inflammation-associated genes in a group of 73 children with a gestational age<32 weeks. Forty-four children (60%) had ROP, of whom 13 (30% ...
Tokioka Kazuyuki K Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Saitama Medical University, Japan. - - 2009
Arm restraints are traditionally used during the perioperative period for cleft surgery to prevent the affected infant from damaging the wound, but the benefits of this standard practice have been controversial. To investigate whether the use of arm restraints provides any benefit to the patient, a video recording study of ...
Munger Ronald G - - 2009
The role of maternal zinc nutrition in human oral clefts (OCs) is unclear. We measured plasma zinc concentrations (PZn) of case and control mothers to evaluate the associations between PZn and risk of OCs with and without other malformations. Case mothers were ascertained by the Utah Birth Defects Network and ...
Perrone Serafina - - 2009
Oxygen-induced oxidative stress (OS) has damaging effects in the perinatal period. For now there is a lake of evidence that OS occurs in babies with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) We tests the hypothesis that a strict oxygen policy may minimize postnatal OS reducing severity of ROP. Multicenter prospective cohort study ...
Fortes Filho J B - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate the use of the Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology and Perinatal Extension (SNAPPE-II) at admission to predict the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among very-low-birth-weight preterm babies. METHODS: A prospective cohort study included 304 infants screened for ROP from July 2004 to October 2007. The main ...
Di Cataldo Andrea - - 2009
BACKGROUND: One fourth of infants with disseminated neuroblastoma experience unfavorable outcome. Treatment strategies vary and are based on clinical characteristics at diagnosis which lead to the definition of stage 4 or 4s. To identify the distribution and effect of different prognostic factors, a series of such infants diagnosed in Italy ...
Kant Shri - - 2009
We estimated serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) level to correlate for development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in serum from 15 premature infants. 73% of the infant developed Stage 1 ROP and the rest develop Stage 2. Zone III involvement never progress beyond Stage 1, and Zone II beyond Stage ...
Schiavetti Amalia - - 2009
A newborn with a prenatally detected adrenal mass underwent complete resection of a stage 1 favorable histology neuroblastoma (NB) without MYC-N amplification. Two months later, the infant presented with a local recurrence and multiple hepatic metastases. Close follow-up without therapy was adopted for stage 4s NB. Enlarging tumor lesions were ...
Fortes Filho João Borges - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To analyze prevalence and risk factors for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among preterm infants born small for gestational age (SGA) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA). METHODS: A prospective cohort study included preterm infants with birth weight (BW) < or = 1,500 grams and gestational age (GA) < or ...
Amini Hashem H Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. - - 2009
To assess the ascertainment of spina bifida and cleft lip/palate (CLP) in newborns and in fetuses from terminated pregnancies (ToPs) in the Swedish Birth Defects Registry (BDR) and to estimate the true incidences of these two anomalies. Retrospective register study. Center for Epidemiology at the Swedish National Board of Health ...
Fortes Filho Joao Borges - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that postnatal weight gain can play an important role in the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). AIM: To analyze the low weight gain (WG) from birth to 6 weeks of life to predict the development of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among very low birth ...
Han Yingpeng - - 2008
The accumulation of seed mass in soybean is affected by both genotype and environment. The aim of the present study was to measure additive, epistatic and quantitative trait locus (QTL) x environment (QE) interaction effects of QTLs on the development of 100-seed weight in a population of 143 F5 derived ...
Cook Anne - - 2008
PURPOSE: To study factors involved in the development of refractive error in premature infants with or without retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Premature infants in the national ROP screening program were recruited and examined longitudinally between 32 and 52 weeks' postmenstrual age. Axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and ...
Colavolpe Cécile - - 2008
We report on the case of a 10-month-old female infant with a metastatic neuroblastoma which became MIBG-negative at time of relapse. We discuss the different hypothesis associated with this particular outcome, and the potential utility of FDG-PET as an alternative to follow up the residual disease at this stage.
Smedegaard Lisa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if the duration of postpartum hospitalization, duration of breast-milk feeding, and growth during the first year of life in infants with cleft lip and palate (CLP) and cleft palate (CP) are comparable to infants without facial clefts. DESIGN: Prospective data collection using a registration chart developed by ...
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