Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1091
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Shah Nishant - - 2010
In addition to its hematopoietic effects, erythropoietin causes an increased release of endothelin-1 and the stimulation of angiogenesis and thereby it may have possible role in development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Our objective was to determine if an association exists between recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) treatment and the development ...
Raffat Arsalah - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine retraction and alignment of protruded and rotated premaxillary segment and to measure increase in columellar length by using modified orthopaedic plate with anterior acrylic ring in newborn babies with non syndromic bilateral cleft lip and palate. METHODS: Pre surgical infant orthopaedic treatment of ten non syndromic bilateral ...
Genisca Alicia E - - 2009
Orofacial clefts are among the most common types of birth defects, but their clinical presentation has not been well described in a geographically diverse US population. To describe the birth prevalence and phenotype of nonsyndromic clefts, we used data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS), a multi-site, population-based, ...
Wood Michael G - - 2009
Two unrelated premature infants at risk for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) were discharged home from a neonatal intensive care unit. Appropriately timed ROP examinations were performed in an outpatient setting in a free-standing pediatric ophthalmologist's private office remote from any hospital. The infants developed severe apnea and bradycardia at the ...
Lorenz Birgit - - 2009
To report on a 6-year experience with wide-field digital imaging based telemedicine (WFDI telemedicine) to reduce the risk for blindness from retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Wide-angle digital fundus cameras (RetCam 120, Massie Lab, Pleasanton, CA, USA) were installed in five neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in Germany. All prematures at ...
Bongaarts Catharina A M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate longitudinally the effect of infant orthopedics (IO) on dentofacial cephalometric variables in unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) patients from 4 to 6 years of age. DESIGN: Prospective two-arm randomized controlled clinical trial in three cleft palate centers in The Netherlands (Dutchcleft trial). PATIENTS: Fifty-four children with ...
Nayak Harish - - 2009
An unfavorable outcome occurs in 31% of cases of treated severe threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and includes a retinal detachment of the posterior pole. Early treatment with laser of high risk prethreshold or type 1 ROP has significantly reduced this complication. However, despite prompt laser treatment, retinal detachments continue ...
Beri Sarita - - 2009
PURPOSE: To analyze the oculometric parameters in preterm infants with and without retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and to observe the effect of presence of ROP on development of myopia. METHODS: A prospective study of preterm infants screened for ROP. Examination included fundus examination, cycloplegic refraction, and biometric measurements at three ...
Löfqvist Chatarina C Section of Pediatric Ophthalmology, The Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden. - - 2009
To validate in a prospective study the surveillance algorithm WINROP for detecting infants at risk for proliferative retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Fifty preterm infants with a mean gestational age of 26 weeks were included. In the first step of WINROP, weekly measures of body weight and serum insulinlike growth factor ...
Richter Grace M - - 2009
To compare the speed of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) diagnosis using standard indirect ophthalmoscopy with that of telemedicine. Prospective, comparative study. Three study examiners (2 pediatric retinal specialists [R.V.P.C., T.C.L.] and 1 pediatric ophthalmologist [M.F.C.]) conducted ROP diagnosis via standard indirect ophthalmoscopy and telemedicine. Each examiner performed: 1) standard ophthalmoscopy ...
Dunbar Jennifer A - - 2009
PURPOSE: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a major cause of lifelong blindness beginning in infancy. Utility analysis is used to describe the effect of illness and medical intervention on an individual's quality of life during the course of a lifetime. In this study, cost-utility analysis is used to evaluate the ...
Tokuhiro Yumiko - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The relationship between oxygen and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) has been studied frequently, and a pulse oximeter has the potential to facilitate the control of oxygen fluctuation in neonates. The objective of the present study was to compare the incidence of threshold ROP (stage 3 requiring laser treatment and ...
Pollan Charlene - - 2009
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) results from the abnormal growth of blood vessels in the vascular bed supporting the developing retina. Estimated to cause up to 500 new cases of blindness in the U.S. each year, ROP affects primarily infants born at less than 1,500 g. Although its etiology is not ...
Mantagos Iason S IS Department of Ophthalmology, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2009
Retinopathy or prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of potentially preventable blindness in children. With increased survival of infants born at earlier gestational ages the number of infants at risk from vision loss from ROP has increased. Current treatments consist of close monitoring of oxygen saturation levels, peripheral retinal ablation ...
Dammann Olaf - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship among markers of infection/inflammation in their association with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: We studied clinical characteristics and 4 single nucleotide polymorphisms in infection/inflammation-associated genes in a group of 73 children with a gestational age<32 weeks. Forty-four children (60%) had ROP, of whom 13 (30% ...
Tokioka Kazuyuki K Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Saitama Medical University, Japan. - - 2009
Arm restraints are traditionally used during the perioperative period for cleft surgery to prevent the affected infant from damaging the wound, but the benefits of this standard practice have been controversial. To investigate whether the use of arm restraints provides any benefit to the patient, a video recording study of ...
Munger Ronald G - - 2009
The role of maternal zinc nutrition in human oral clefts (OCs) is unclear. We measured plasma zinc concentrations (PZn) of case and control mothers to evaluate the associations between PZn and risk of OCs with and without other malformations. Case mothers were ascertained by the Utah Birth Defects Network and ...
Amini Hashem - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess the ascertainment of spina bifida and cleft lip/palate (CLP) in newborns and in fetuses from terminated pregnancies (ToPs) in the Swedish Birth Defects Registry (BDR) and to estimate the true incidences of these two anomalies. DESIGN: Retrospective register study. SETTING: Center for Epidemiology at the Swedish National ...
Perrone Serafina - - 2009
Oxygen-induced oxidative stress (OS) has damaging effects in the perinatal period. For now there is a lake of evidence that OS occurs in babies with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) We tests the hypothesis that a strict oxygen policy may minimize postnatal OS reducing severity of ROP. Multicenter prospective cohort study ...
Fortes Filho J B - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate the use of the Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology and Perinatal Extension (SNAPPE-II) at admission to predict the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among very-low-birth-weight preterm babies. METHODS: A prospective cohort study included 304 infants screened for ROP from July 2004 to October 2007. The main ...
Di Cataldo Andrea - - 2009
BACKGROUND: One fourth of infants with disseminated neuroblastoma experience unfavorable outcome. Treatment strategies vary and are based on clinical characteristics at diagnosis which lead to the definition of stage 4 or 4s. To identify the distribution and effect of different prognostic factors, a series of such infants diagnosed in Italy ...
Kant Shri - - 2009
We estimated serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) level to correlate for development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in serum from 15 premature infants. 73% of the infant developed Stage 1 ROP and the rest develop Stage 2. Zone III involvement never progress beyond Stage 1, and Zone II beyond Stage ...
Schiavetti Amalia - - 2009
A newborn with a prenatally detected adrenal mass underwent complete resection of a stage 1 favorable histology neuroblastoma (NB) without MYC-N amplification. Two months later, the infant presented with a local recurrence and multiple hepatic metastases. Close follow-up without therapy was adopted for stage 4s NB. Enlarging tumor lesions were ...
Fortes Filho João Borges - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To analyze prevalence and risk factors for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among preterm infants born small for gestational age (SGA) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA). METHODS: A prospective cohort study included preterm infants with birth weight (BW) < or = 1,500 grams and gestational age (GA) < or ...
Fortes Filho Joao Borges - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that postnatal weight gain can play an important role in the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). AIM: To analyze the low weight gain (WG) from birth to 6 weeks of life to predict the development of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among very low birth ...
Han Yingpeng - - 2008
The accumulation of seed mass in soybean is affected by both genotype and environment. The aim of the present study was to measure additive, epistatic and quantitative trait locus (QTL) x environment (QE) interaction effects of QTLs on the development of 100-seed weight in a population of 143 F5 derived ...
Cook Anne - - 2008
PURPOSE: To study factors involved in the development of refractive error in premature infants with or without retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Premature infants in the national ROP screening program were recruited and examined longitudinally between 32 and 52 weeks' postmenstrual age. Axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and ...
Colavolpe Cécile - - 2008
We report on the case of a 10-month-old female infant with a metastatic neuroblastoma which became MIBG-negative at time of relapse. We discuss the different hypothesis associated with this particular outcome, and the potential utility of FDG-PET as an alternative to follow up the residual disease at this stage.
Smedegaard Lisa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if the duration of postpartum hospitalization, duration of breast-milk feeding, and growth during the first year of life in infants with cleft lip and palate (CLP) and cleft palate (CP) are comparable to infants without facial clefts. DESIGN: Prospective data collection using a registration chart developed by ...
Yuzuriha Shunsuke - - 2008
Complete or incomplete cleft lip can be associated with a contralateral lesser form of incomplete cleft lip, constituting an asymmetrical bilateral malformation. The cleft lip registry was searched for patients with complete or incomplete cleft lip and contralateral minor-form, microform, or mini-microform defects. Methods of repair were documented and results ...
Dhawan Anuradha - - 2008
PURPOSE: To study the structural sequelae and refractive outcome in eyes with a favorable structural outcome following laser treatment for threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Premature infants with threshold ROP had laser treatment with a minimum follow-up of 1 year. Complete ocular examination and refraction was done. Analysis and ...
Baqain Eyad B - - 2008
A cleft of the sternum is a rare congenital anomaly, often diagnosed as an asymptomatic condition at birth. We present a case of a large incomplete sternal cleft in a full-term baby boy. Surgical repair of the sternum with the use of Prolene mesh was performed during the neonatal period ...
Dhaliwal C A - - 2009
AIM: To compare the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in small-for-gestational age (SGA) infants compared with appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) infants undergoing eye screening in the Lothian region of south east Scotland 1990-2004. METHODS: All infants in Lothian born with birth weight <1500 g and/or gestational age <32 weeks underwent ...
Silva Ruwan A - - 2009
PURPOSE: To report the 18-month experience of the Stanford University Network for Diagnosis of Retinopathy of Prematurity (SUNDROP) telemedicine initiative. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of the SUNDROP archival data between 1 December 2005 and 30 May 2007, evaluating this new diagnostic technology for ROP screening. PARTICIPANTS: All 97 consecutively enrolled infants ...
Mutlu Fatih Mehmet - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report the frequency, risk factors, and outcomes of screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Data of neonates with a gestational age of 34 weeks or less were analyzed and the predictors on the development of ROP were determined by using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Of the 318 ...
Hauser Jonas - - 2008
Synthetic glucocorticoids such as dexamethasone (DEX) are commonly used to prevent respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants, but there is emerging evidence of subsequent neurobehavioral abnormalities (e.g. problems with inattention/hyperactivity). In the present study, we exposed pregnant common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus, primates) to daily repeated DEX (5 mg/kg by mouth) ...
Karkhaneh R - - 2008
AIM: To determine the incidence and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in premature infants referred to a tertiary eye hospital during 2003-7 to provide preliminary evidence about ROP in Iran. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, data for premature infants screened for ROP in Farabi Eye Hospital including possible ...
Smith Timothy D - - 2008
Dimensions of the external midface in mammals are sometimes related to olfactory abilities (e.g., "olfactory snouts" of strepsirrhine primates). This association hinges on the largely unexplored relationship between the protruding midface and internal topography of the nasal fossae. Herein, serially sectioned heads of embryonic to adult cheirogaleid primates (mouse and ...
Hamilton Ruth - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To establish normal development of rod electroretinograms in preterm infants and to assess the effects of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). STUDY DESIGN: We measured 88 Naka-Rushton functions from 41 preterm infants at maturities from 30 to 72 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA). Outcomes (log sigma, retinal sensitivity and V(max), retinal ...
Hussain K - - 2008
Most foreign body aspirations occur in children younger than five years old, with 65% of deaths affecting infants younger than one year. A reasonably uncommon eventuality is attachment and retention of the foreign body to the oral mucosal tissues and in particular to the soft tissues of the hard palate. ...
Singla Shefali - - 2008
Presurgical Orthopaedics is any treatment that alters the position of the segments of cleft maxilla in infancy prior to lip and palate reconstruction. There are different approaches, with different mechanics, seeking and achieving different end results. This article describes PNAM, a current approach to the traditional method of presurgical infant ...
Beaumont Diane - - 2008
Faltering weight (or failure to thrive) in infants with cleft lip and palate has largely been attributed to early feeding difficulties. In recent years, the reorganisation of cleft lip and palate services in England and Wales into regional teams has seen the introduction of clinical nurse specialists, who provide early ...
Coleman Rebecca J - - 2008
Oxygen fluctuation patterns in preterm infants who develop retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) are varied and poorly represented in animal models. We examined the hypothesis that clustered (CL) episodes of hypoxia during hyperoxia results in a more severe form of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) than dispersed episodes. Rat pups were exposed to ...
Adcock Kim G - - 2008
Extrinsic staining of teeth due to excessive iron intake has been reported previously in the literature. We describe a 7-month-old infant who presented with extrinsic teeth staining due to inadvertent over consumption of dietary iron. The infant was fed iron-fortified formula and rice cereal. Rice cereal, fortified with iron, was ...
Suk Kevin K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) is used for the treatment of anemia of prematurity. However, it has also been found to have properties similar to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), the major angiogenic factor implicated in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). We sought to determine whether rhEPO is ...
Ahmed A S M Nawshad Uddin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a potentially blinding eye disorder that primarily affects premature infants. Increased survival of extremely low birth weight infants following advances in antenatal and neonatal care has resulted in a population of infants at high risk of developing ROP. Long term morbidity of ROP has ...
Dhaliwal C - - 2008
To report the trends in incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) within Lothian, a geographically defined region in southeast Scotland over a 15-year period from 1990 to 2004. This was a prospective observational study of all infants born with gestational age <32 weeks and/or birth weight <1500 g who were ...
Dunai György - - 2008
PURPOSE: Our recent investigations suggested association between severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and some genetic polymorphisms contributing to angiogenesis. While these findings may help to identify specific elements in ROP pathogenesis, the predictive value of these genetic variants at birth is unknown. We applied a high-dimensional nonparametric method called random ...
Grawunder Sven - - 2008
The current study is concerned with ingressive stops (clicks) with a noisy accompaniment exemplified by data from West !Xoon, a Taa variety ("!Xoo", TuuSouthern Khoisan) spoken in Namibia. Within the obstruent system of West !Xoon, we describe (1) aspirated clicks, (2) clicks followed by a laryngeal fricative, (3) clicks with ...
Giannantonio Carmen - - 2008
PURPOSE: To analyze the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a single neonatal intensive care unit over 10 years to clarify its ROP profile and how it was modified by advances in neonatal care. METHODS: Epidemiological data related to incidence and severity of ROP were collected over 10 years. ...
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