Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1091
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Ebrahim Mikaniki - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence and risk factors for the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among premature infants. METHODS: New born infants with gestational age < 37 weeks were studied from October 2004 to April 2008. Potential risk factors, like gestational age (GA), birth weight (BW), supplemental oxygen therapy, ...
Zayed Mohamed A - - 2010
To evaluate associations between conditions of maternal new-onset gestational hypertension (mHTN) and the features imparting risk of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in preterm infants. Hospital databases and charts of all preterm inborn infants at the University of North Carolina from 1996 to 2007 were retrospectively reviewed. The presence or ...
Hered Robert W - - 2010
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) examinations in the NICU are necessary to protect vision in premature infants, but the examinations are associated with risk and discomfort. ROP examination risks include adverse effects from mydriatic agents, systemic responses to the stress of examination, and nosocomial infection. Infant discomfort may be lessened by ...
Modrzejewska Monika - - 2010
PURPOSE: To obtain ultrasonographic measurements of ocular axial length (AL) in preterm infants without retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) but with different refractive power in regard to birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA). METHODS: Refraction was measured after cycloplegia (at 6 months of life) in 350 eyes of 180 preterm ...
- - 2010
A central goal of The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is the development of clinical protocols for managing common medical problems that may impact breastfeeding success. These protocols serve only as guidelines for the care of breastfeeding mothers and infants and do not delineate an exclusive course of treatment or serve ...
Dreise Marieke - - 2011
Objective: The purpose of the study was to estimate the need for resources for cleft repairs in Uganda by determining the overall incidence of oral-facial clefts and the ratio of isolated cleft lip to isolated cleft palate to cleft lip and palate. Design: A 1-year prospective study was implemented in ...
Wimmer Eva - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Infants with a cleft palate and microscopical evidence for middle ear effusion attracted our attention because of normal tympanometry results and negative otoacoustic emissions. These contradictory findings initiated us to study to what extent high frequency tampynometry is able to supply us with more reliable results. METHODS: Eighty-three ears ...
Abrams Steven A - - 2010
Determining calcium bioavailability is important in establishing dietary calcium requirements. In infants and small children, previously conducted mass balance studies have largely been replaced by stable isotope-based studies. The ability to assess calcium absorption using a relatively short 24-hour urine collection without the need for multiple blood samples or fecal ...
Sood Beena G - - 2010
Fetal and neonatal inflammation is associated with several morbidities of prematurity. Its relationship to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) has not been investigated. Our objective was to determine the relationship between cytokine levels and ROP in the first 3 postnatal wks. Data for this study were derived from the NICHD Cytokine ...
Wu Carolyn C Department of Ophthalmology, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2010
To validate longitudinal postnatal weight gain as a method for predicting severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a US cohort. Both ROP evaluations and weekly weight measurements from birth to postmenstrual week 36 for 318 infants were entered into a computer-based surveillance system, WINROP. This system signaled an alarm when ...
Hansen Ronald M - - 2010
It is known that retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) alters the activation of rod photoreceptors, but the effect of ROP on deactivation has not been investigated. We studied deactivation using an electroretinographic (ERG) paired flash procedure in 22 subjects (12 infants and 10 older subjects) with a history of preterm birth ...
Despars Josée - - 2011
Objective : The announcement, prenatally or at birth, of a cleft lip and/or palate represents a challenge for the parents. The purpose of this study is to identify parental working internal models of the child (parental representations of the child and relationship in the context of attachment theory) and posttraumatic ...
Di Fiore Juliann M - - 2010
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a vasoproliferative disorder of the retina in preterm infants, is associated with multiple factors, including oxygenation level. We explored whether the common intermittent hypoxemic events in preterm infants are associated with the development of ROP. Oxygen desaturation events were quantified in 79 preterm infants (gestational age, ...
Mehta M - - 2010
The efficacy of topical anesthesia during retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening has been a controversial issue. To determine the efficacy of proparacaine eye drops (0.5%), we compared the Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) scores in 40 preterm infants undergoing ROP screening. Prospective randomized double masked cross-over clinical trial. The study ...
Sheer F J - - 2010
Abstract Introduction: The prevalence of otitis media with effusion approaches 100% in infants with cleft palate (CP), and disease pathogenesis is believed to be caused by eustachian tube (ET) dysfunction. Objectives: Quantify the functional consequences of ET anatomy in infant CP specimens, and identify the relative importance of various tissue ...
Hsieh Ching-Ju - - 2010
Eyes with threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) often show dilation of the existing tunica vasculosa lentis (TVL), which is a prognostic factor in ROP screening and treatment, but can be frequently misdiagnosed as true iris neovascularization (NV). Besides, candidemia in preterm infants can aggravate the severity of ROP, possibly to ...
McHeik Jiad N - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the growth during the first two years of life in infants after unilateral cleft lip and palate neonatal repair. METHOD: All mature infants with nonsyndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate (NSUCLP) born between 2004 and 2007 were included. Information concerning growth was collected. Weight and length at ...
Kehat Rinat - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Sildenafil is a phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor used as a therapeutic adjunct in critically ill neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension. Sildenafil is associated with several ocular complications in adults and is suspected to exacerbate retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). The risk of ocular complication in sildenafil-treated newborns, not otherwise at ...
Lope R J Raja - - 2010
Several modifiable risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) have been identified such as sleeping prone or on the side, sleeping on a soft surface, bed-sharing, no prenatal care and maternal ante-natal smoking. A cross-sectional survey of infant sleep and care practices was conducted among parents of babies aged ...
Pieh Christina - - 2010
PURPOSE. To prospectively study plasma levels of soluble E-selectin (sE-selectin) in premature infants and to identify their relationship to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) on the background of known clinical risk factors. METHODS. Eighty-five sE-selectin plasma samples from 42 preterm infants born at 23 to 32 weeks of gestational age (GA) ...
Saldir Mehmet - - 2010
To determine the frequency of ophthalmologic problems and the risk factors that affect the occurrence of these problems in premature newborns with a gestational age of 32 weeks or less. Premature newborns observed at a neonatal intensive care unit between January 2002 and March 2006 were included. A control visit ...
Goldfield Eugene C - - 2010
Coordination between movements of individual tongue points, and between soft palate elevation and tongue movements, were examined in 12 prematurely born infants referred from hospital NICUs for videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) due to poor oral feeding and suspicion of aspiration. Detailed post-evaluation kinematic analysis was conducted by digitizing images of ...
Law Janice C - - 2010
While laser photocoagulation remains the standard of care in the treatment of advanced retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), regression is not seen in all cases (especially in aggressive posterior disease) following laser alone. We report the results of the use of the anti-vascular endothelial growth factor monoclonal antibody bevacizumab in eyes ...
Dai Li - - 2010
Although the prevalence of oral clefts in China is among the highest in countries worldwide, little is known about its descriptive epidemiology. Data used in this study were collected from 1996 to 2005 using the nationwide hospital-based registry, the Chinese Birth Defects Monitoring Network. A total of 4,891,472 newborns (live ...
Hellgren Gunnel - - 2010
Extremely preterm delivery is, amongst other complications, associated with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Untreated, ROP can progress to visual impairment and blindness due to an overgrowth of new vessels in the retina and vitreous cavity. The aim of this study was to identify cytokine markers within the first weeks of ...
Gergely K - - 2010
Currently, there are enough financial resources in industrial most developed countries to provide quality health care to the risk population of premature children. Neonatological units are equipped with state-of-the-art technological background, and highly qualified personnel are employed at the units. This as well allows providing optimum care of extremely immature ...
Goldman Ran D - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical features of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and examine the effect of indomethacin on the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical records of all VLBW infants over a 4-year period were reviewed. Data regarding systemic and ophthalmic examinations were ...
Hoogerwerf A - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively analyze changes in incidence and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) over two periods, 10 years apart, in the central Netherlands. METHODS: Data of 570 infants admitted between 2001 and 2005, screened for ROP according to the Dutch National guideline, were compared to those ...
Rutar Tina - - 2010
The authors report zone III stage 3 retinopathy of prematurity requiring treatment in a former 1,692-g 30 6/7-week twin cared for in a modern intensive care nursery. This case highlights the need for identifying biomarkers that increase the risk of severe retinopathy of prematurity so that screening guidelines can be ...
VanStone Wendy - - 2010
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a persistent and often devastating morbidity associated with premature and low birth weight infants. It continues to be a frequent diagnosis in the neonatal intensive care unit, despite technologic advances and increased knowledge. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued practice guideline recommendations for ...
Radhakrishnan Vasant - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Various methods have been described for the primary surgical reconstruction of the unilateral cleft lip and palate deformity (UCLP) in infants. There have been several attempts at restoring the normal anatomy of the nose at the time of lip repair in the affected individuals with varying degrees of success. ...
Shastry Barkur S - - 2010
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vascular vitreoretinopathy that affects infants with short gestational age and low birth-weight. The condition is a multifactorial disease and is clinically similar to familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR), which is a bilateral hereditary eye disorder affecting full-term infants. Both of them are characterized by the ...
Fortes Filho Joao Borges - - 2010
Improved survival of preterm neonates has increased the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in many middle-income countries. This study aimed to verify the main risk factors for the development of ROP according to different gestational age (GA) groups. A prospective cohort study including infants weighing < or =1,500 g ...
Yang Michael B - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine whether a multivariate risk model can select infants with low-risk eyes for an alternative protocol that reduces retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening without loss of effectiveness. METHODS: This was a retrospective, nonrandomized, comparative study. We assigned 712 eyes of 357 premature infants of 401-1,250 g birth weights ...
Patra Pramod - - 2009
This four-month-old Pierre Robin child was admitted for cleft lip repair with history of two failed attempts at intubation and subsequent cancellation of surgery. The capnography guided awake nasal intubation was considered as the child's parents were desperate to get the surgery done. A modified cuffless endotracheal tube was used ...
Shrestha Jyoti Baba - - 2010
To determine the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in low birth weight premature infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of a children's hospital in Kathmandu. A hospital-based prospective study was performed in neonates with a gestational age of less than 36 weeks or birth weight of less ...
Murakami Yohko - - 2010
PURPOSE: To report the 24-month experience of the Stanford University Network for Diagnosis of Retinopathy of Prematurity (SUNDROP) telemedicine initiative. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the SUNDROP archival data gathered between 1 December 2005 and 30 November 2007 to evaluate this diagnostic technology for ROP screening. One hundred and sixty consecutively ...
Hirabayashi H - - 2010
In this study, the effects of maternal smoking along with other clinical risk factors in developing severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) were evaluated. A case-control study. Records of newborn infants with an estimated postmenstrual age of 32 weeks or less (n=86) were reviewed. ROP grading was evaluated in accordance with ...
Liu Li - - 2009
BACKGROUND: With the increasing survival rates of preterm infants, the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is also increasing. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors for ROP in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, and the effects of laser therapy. METHODS: Thirty-five premature infants with various other diseases were studied. ...
Choo May May - - 2009
PURPOSE: To identify differences in incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) between 2 birth weight categories within a cohort of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants in Malaysia. METHODS: This was a prospective study of infants in the Special Care Nursery at the University of Malaya ...
Grayson Barry H - - 2009
Presurgical infant orthopedics has been employed since 1950 as an adjunctive neonatal therapy for the correction of cleft lip and palate. Most of these therapies did not address deformity of the nasal cartilage in unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate as well as the deficiency of the columella tissue ...
Romagnoli C - - 2009
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a multifactorial disease which incidence is increasing with increasing survival of very preterm infants. Pathogenic pathway is characterised by abnormal retinal vascular development modulated by vascular growth factors: low IGF-1 in the first phase and high VEGF in the second phase. Many causal factors are ...
Collier Sarah A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Moderate caffeine intake during pregnancy is common, but little is known about its potential association with birth defects. METHODS: The National Birth Defects Prevention Study is a population-based, case-control study of major birth defects, excluding infants with single-gene disorders and chromosomal abnormalities. This analysis includes infants with cleft lip ...
Austeng Dordi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in extremely preterm infants born before 27 weeks' gestation in Sweden during a 3-year period. METHODS: A national, prospective, population-based study was performed in Sweden from April 1, 2004, to March 31, 2007. The ophthalmologic part of the study was ...
Neely Daniel - - 2009
Retinal vascular changes and the development of plus disease are the hallmarks of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether or not serial examinations of retrobulbar blood flow characteristics, as measured by color Doppler imaging (CDI) performed repeatedly over a period of several weeks, ...
Johnson Candice Y - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine how frequently orofacial clefts were diagnosed prenatally and to investigate factors associated with prenatal diagnosis. METHODS: We included 2298 mothers from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, each of whom gave birth to a child with an orofacial cleft, and assessed ...
Fortes Filho Jo?o B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is the leading cause of childhood blindness in most developed countries. This study aimed to verify ROP prevalence among all very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants admitted to a level-3 teaching hospital in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. METHODS: Institutional cross-sectional study ...
Shah Parag K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of babies with severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) attending a tertiary referral eye hospital in South India. METHODS: Data on consecutive preterm infants with severe ROP presenting between July 2002 and October 2007 were retrieved from medical records. Severe ROP was defined as high risk ...
Teed Ronald G W - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The incidence and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in extremely premature infants have not been reported since publication of the Early Treatment of ROP study results. The survival rate of these infants continues to increase. We sought to determine the characteristics of ROP in a group of surviving ...
Hozyasz K K - - 2009
We investigated the relation between concentrations of maternal zinc and copper and the risk of an infant being born with an orofacial cleft. We did a case-control study using 116 mothers of children with isolated cleft lip with or without cleft palate (cleft group), and 64 mothers of unaffected children ...
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