Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1112
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Lavoie Pascal M - - 2010
The i.v. lipid emulsion (LIP) is a source of oxidants, which may stimulate inflammation. Coadministration of parenteral multivitamins (MVP) with LIP prevents lipid peroxidation in light-exposed total parenteral nutrition (TPN). We hypothesized that this modality of TPN administration affects systemic inflammation, which may be modulated by exposure to oxygen. Premature ...
Tandon Manjari - - 2010
To compare prophylactic enteral D-penicillamine (DPA) with placebo for prevention of 'retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) or death' among very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. This was a double-blind, single-centre, randomized, placebo-controlled trial with stratification (for birth weight <1250 and ≥1250 g) and blocking. Inborn neonates with birth weight 750-1500 g, ...
Akman Ipek - - 2010
PURPOSE: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a serious problem which potentially can lead to blindness. The objective of this study is to detect the incidence of ROP and the number of preterm babies requiring treatment for ROP in our center and to establish the screening criteria for our country. METHODS: ...
Yanamandra Krishna - - 2010
Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a vasoproliferative disorder affecting preterm infants leading to visual impairment. ROP is more common in Caucasians than African Americans. Very low birth weight infants have immature retinas and are susceptible to ROP. Because of differences in individual responses to the treatment, various genetic factors have ...
Oberacher-Velten I M - - 2010
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is one of the three leading causes of legal blindness in childhood in the developed countries. Improved neonatal care has resulted in the increased survival of extremely immature infants at high risk to develop ROP. Current treatment for ROP with laser may prevent blindness by causing ...
Leversen Katrine Tyborg - - 2010
Extreme prematurity carries a high risk of neurosensory disability. Examine which information obtained pre-, peri- and postnatally may be predictive of neurosensory disabilities at 2 years of age. Prospective observational study of all infants born in Norway in 1999 and 2000 with gestational age (GA) 22-27 completed weeks or birth ...
Schwarz E C - - 2011
There is a controversy over whether the improved survival rate of extremely low birth weight (ELBW; birth weight < 1000 g) and of extremely low gestational age (ELGA; gestational age < 28 weeks) infants has resulted in a higher incidence of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and induced blindness. We ...
Chen Minghua - - 2011
Interactions among known risk factors for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) remain to be clarified. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with ROP and to explore the interrelationships between prominent risk factors for ROP. From an institutional cohort of 1,646 very preterm newborns with gestational age ...
Kusuda T - - 2011
Objective:The aim of this study was to assess the genetic effects of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway on retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).Study Design:A prospective study from a tertiary center that enrolled 204 Japanese infants (<35 weeks of gestational age (GA)) having no anomalies. ROP developed in 127, but ...
Aoyama Kazuyoshi - - 2010
Aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) can, if left untreated, rapidly progress to total retinal detachment within 1-2 weeks. Early surgical intervention with vitrectomy has been attempted to treat and prevent further retinal detachment. We investigated the anesthetic management of 29 infants with aggressive posterior ROP undergoing early vitrectomy. Postmenstrual ...
Hauspurg Alisse K AK Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, - - 2011
This study tested the hypothesis that preterm infants who had a blood gas derangement on at least 2 of the first 3 postnatal days are at increased risk for more severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). 1,042 infants born before 28 weeks' gestational age (GA) were included. An infant was considered ...
Zin Andrea A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The goals were to determine optimal screening criteria for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in 7 neonatal units in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and to explore the workload implications of applying different criteria. METHODS: Infants with birth weights of < or = 2000 g or gestational age of <37 weeks ...
Lohmander Anette - - 2011
Objective: To investigate consonant production at 12 and 18 months of age following early soft palate repair in infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP), and to compare it with typically developing children without clefts. Design: Randomized study with comparison group. Participants: Twenty Swedish infants born with UCLP and 21 ...
Ijaz Abida - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To introduce a simple, self-retentive and cost effective presurgical infant orthopaedic plate with anterior ring to retract and align the grossly protruded and deviated pre-maxilla and to perform the nasoalveolar moulding in order to facilitate initial lip repair. METHOD: The study was conducted in the orthodontic department of dental ...
Lu Zhengwei - - 2010
Abstract Objective: To investigate the effects of unrepaired cleft palate on the development of vocabulary comprehension and expression of Chinese children aged 8 to 15 months. Methods: The parents or caregivers of 40 infants with unrepaired cleft palate were recruited from the Cleft Lip and Palate Center at the Stomatology ...
BaƟmak Hikmet - - 2010
Timely screening of premature babies is an important initial step in the management of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) as earlier treatment results in improved visual prognosis. Screening criteria for ROP currently recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics may not be applicable in developing countries. The aim of the present ...
Zandi Mohammad - - 2011
Objective : To determine the epidemiology of cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) in births in hospitals of Hamedan City, Iran, and to evaluate the etiologic factors that have a role in the development of these anomalies. Design : This research was a 15-year cross-sectional study (1993 to 2008). Participants : ...
Shen Yu-Ming - - 2011
Background: Foreign-born mothers have been reported to have better pregnancy outcomes as measured by the preterm birth rate, neonatal mortality, and birth weight compared with native-born mothers in Belgium, France, Taiwan, and the United States. However, little is known about the association between maternal nationality and the prevalence of orofacial ...
Wermke Kathleen - - 2011
Objective: To investigate cry melody properties in infants with clefts using objective methods and to identify early differences in cry development in relation to infants without clefts that may indicate special developmental risks. Design: Melody analysis was carried out on cries from the second month of life. The cry properties ...
Yassaei S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of cleft lip and palate in births taking place in hospitals in the Yazd province, Iran. METHOD: The records of 65,236 live births delivered at 12 hospitals in Yazd province, including Yazd city and four cities of the states, over a four year period from ...
Souza Nilba Lima de - - 2010
Objective Exploring maternal experience with premature newborn children in a domestic environment. Methods The study was qualitative and used focus group interviews with 24 women who had had preterm deliveries in a public maternity hospital located in Northeast Brazil during June and October 2005. The mothers returned to the hospital ...
Ebrahim Mikaniki - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence and risk factors for the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among premature infants. METHODS: New born infants with gestational age < 37 weeks were studied from October 2004 to April 2008. Potential risk factors, like gestational age (GA), birth weight (BW), supplemental oxygen therapy, ...
Zayed Mohamed A MA Department of Ophthalmology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, - - 2010
To evaluate associations between conditions of maternal new-onset gestational hypertension (mHTN) and the features imparting risk of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in preterm infants. Hospital databases and charts of all preterm inborn infants at the University of North Carolina from 1996 to 2007 were retrospectively reviewed. The presence or ...
Hered Robert W - - 2010
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) examinations in the NICU are necessary to protect vision in premature infants, but the examinations are associated with risk and discomfort. ROP examination risks include adverse effects from mydriatic agents, systemic responses to the stress of examination, and nosocomial infection. Infant discomfort may be lessened by ...
Modrzejewska Monika - - 2010
PURPOSE: To obtain ultrasonographic measurements of ocular axial length (AL) in preterm infants without retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) but with different refractive power in regard to birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA). METHODS: Refraction was measured after cycloplegia (at 6 months of life) in 350 eyes of 180 preterm ...
- - 2010
A central goal of The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is the development of clinical protocols for managing common medical problems that may impact breastfeeding success. These protocols serve only as guidelines for the care of breastfeeding mothers and infants and do not delineate an exclusive course of treatment or serve ...
Dreise Marieke - - 2011
Objective: The purpose of the study was to estimate the need for resources for cleft repairs in Uganda by determining the overall incidence of oral-facial clefts and the ratio of isolated cleft lip to isolated cleft palate to cleft lip and palate. Design: A 1-year prospective study was implemented in ...
Wimmer Eva - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Infants with a cleft palate and microscopical evidence for middle ear effusion attracted our attention because of normal tympanometry results and negative otoacoustic emissions. These contradictory findings initiated us to study to what extent high frequency tampynometry is able to supply us with more reliable results. METHODS: Eighty-three ears ...
Abrams Steven A - - 2010
Determining calcium bioavailability is important in establishing dietary calcium requirements. In infants and small children, previously conducted mass balance studies have largely been replaced by stable isotope-based studies. The ability to assess calcium absorption using a relatively short 24-hour urine collection without the need for multiple blood samples or fecal ...
Wu Carolyn C Department of Ophthalmology, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2010
To validate longitudinal postnatal weight gain as a method for predicting severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a US cohort. Both ROP evaluations and weekly weight measurements from birth to postmenstrual week 36 for 318 infants were entered into a computer-based surveillance system, WINROP. This system signaled an alarm when ...
Sood Beena G BG Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA. - - 2010
Fetal and neonatal inflammation is associated with several morbidities of prematurity. Its relationship to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) has not been investigated. Our objective was to determine the relationship between cytokine levels and ROP in the first 3 postnatal wks. Data for this study were derived from the NICHD Cytokine ...
Hansen Ronald M RM Department of Ophthalmology, Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2010
It is known that retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) alters the activation of rod photoreceptors, but the effect of ROP on deactivation has not been investigated. We studied deactivation using an electroretinographic (ERG) paired flash procedure in 22 subjects (12 infants and 10 older subjects) with a history of preterm birth ...
Despars Josée - - 2011
Objective : The announcement, prenatally or at birth, of a cleft lip and/or palate represents a challenge for the parents. The purpose of this study is to identify parental working internal models of the child (parental representations of the child and relationship in the context of attachment theory) and posttraumatic ...
Di Fiore Juliann M JM Division of Neonatology, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Case Western Reserve University and Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland, OH, USA. - - 2010
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a vasoproliferative disorder of the retina in preterm infants, is associated with multiple factors, including oxygenation level. We explored whether the common intermittent hypoxemic events in preterm infants are associated with the development of ROP. Oxygen desaturation events were quantified in 79 preterm infants (gestational age, ...
Mehta M - - 2010
The efficacy of topical anesthesia during retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening has been a controversial issue. To determine the efficacy of proparacaine eye drops (0.5%), we compared the Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) scores in 40 preterm infants undergoing ROP screening. Prospective randomized double masked cross-over clinical trial. The study ...
Sheer F J FJ Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, - - 2010
The prevalence of otitis media with effusion approaches 100% in infants with cleft palate (CP), and disease pathogenesis is believed to be caused by eustachian tube (ET) dysfunction. Quantify the functional consequences of ET anatomy in infant CP specimens, and identify the relative importance of various tissue biomechanical properties on ...
Hsieh Ching-Ju - - 2010
Eyes with threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) often show dilation of the existing tunica vasculosa lentis (TVL), which is a prognostic factor in ROP screening and treatment, but can be frequently misdiagnosed as true iris neovascularization (NV). Besides, candidemia in preterm infants can aggravate the severity of ROP, possibly to ...
McHeik Jiad N - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the growth during the first two years of life in infants after unilateral cleft lip and palate neonatal repair. METHOD: All mature infants with nonsyndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate (NSUCLP) born between 2004 and 2007 were included. Information concerning growth was collected. Weight and length at ...
Kehat Rinat - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Sildenafil is a phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor used as a therapeutic adjunct in critically ill neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension. Sildenafil is associated with several ocular complications in adults and is suspected to exacerbate retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). The risk of ocular complication in sildenafil-treated newborns, not otherwise at ...
Lope R J Raja - - 2010
Several modifiable risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) have been identified such as sleeping prone or on the side, sleeping on a soft surface, bed-sharing, no prenatal care and maternal ante-natal smoking. A cross-sectional survey of infant sleep and care practices was conducted among parents of babies aged ...
Pieh Christina - - 2010
PURPOSE. To prospectively study plasma levels of soluble E-selectin (sE-selectin) in premature infants and to identify their relationship to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) on the background of known clinical risk factors. METHODS. Eighty-five sE-selectin plasma samples from 42 preterm infants born at 23 to 32 weeks of gestational age (GA) ...
Saldir Mehmet - - 2010
To determine the frequency of ophthalmologic problems and the risk factors that affect the occurrence of these problems in premature newborns with a gestational age of 32 weeks or less. Premature newborns observed at a neonatal intensive care unit between January 2002 and March 2006 were included. A control visit ...
Goldfield Eugene C - - 2010
Coordination between movements of individual tongue points, and between soft palate elevation and tongue movements, were examined in 12 prematurely born infants referred from hospital NICUs for videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) due to poor oral feeding and suspicion of aspiration. Detailed post-evaluation kinematic analysis was conducted by digitizing images of ...
Law Janice C - - 2010
While laser photocoagulation remains the standard of care in the treatment of advanced retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), regression is not seen in all cases (especially in aggressive posterior disease) following laser alone. We report the results of the use of the anti-vascular endothelial growth factor monoclonal antibody bevacizumab in eyes ...
Hellgren Gunnel - - 2010
Extremely preterm delivery is, amongst other complications, associated with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Untreated, ROP can progress to visual impairment and blindness due to an overgrowth of new vessels in the retina and vitreous cavity. The aim of this study was to identify cytokine markers within the first weeks of ...
Gergely K - - 2010
Currently, there are enough financial resources in industrial most developed countries to provide quality health care to the risk population of premature children. Neonatological units are equipped with state-of-the-art technological background, and highly qualified personnel are employed at the units. This as well allows providing optimum care of extremely immature ...
Goldman Ran D - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical features of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and examine the effect of indomethacin on the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical records of all VLBW infants over a 4-year period were reviewed. Data regarding systemic and ophthalmic examinations were ...
Hoogerwerf A - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively analyze changes in incidence and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) over two periods, 10 years apart, in the central Netherlands. METHODS: Data of 570 infants admitted between 2001 and 2005, screened for ROP according to the Dutch National guideline, were compared to those ...
Rutar Tina - - 2010
The authors report zone III stage 3 retinopathy of prematurity requiring treatment in a former 1,692-g 30 6/7-week twin cared for in a modern intensive care nursery. This case highlights the need for identifying biomarkers that increase the risk of severe retinopathy of prematurity so that screening guidelines can be ...
VanStone Wendy - - 2010
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a persistent and often devastating morbidity associated with premature and low birth weight infants. It continues to be a frequent diagnosis in the neonatal intensive care unit, despite technologic advances and increased knowledge. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued practice guideline recommendations for ...
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