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Rack B B Frauenklinik Innenstadt, Klinikum der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München, Germany. - - 2012
As 80% of intrauterine bone mineralization takes place during the last trimester of pregnancy, preterm infants should be supplemented postnatally with optimal doses of calcium, phosphate and vitamin D. Calcium and phosphate excretion in the urine may be used to monitor individual mineral requirements, but are sometimes difficult to interpret. ...
Araújo Breno F - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of place of birth and transport on morbidity and mortality of preterm newborns in the southern region of Brazil. METHODS: This cohort study included preterm newborns transported to a reference intensive care unit (transport group = 61) and followed up until discharge. Data about care ...
Stringer Elizabeth M - - 2011
: The objective of this study was to estimate the rates and determinants of stillbirth in an urban African obstetric population. : In this retrospective cohort study, we reviewed vital outcomes of newborns whose mothers received antenatal care, delivery care, or both antenatal and delivery care in the Lusaka, Zambia, ...
Lee Henry C HC Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, University of California at San Francisco, 533 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. - - 2011
To examine the extent to which performance assessment methods affect the percentage of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants included in performance assessments, the distribution of NICU performance ratings, and the level of agreement in those ratings. Cross-sectional study based on risk-adjusted nosocomial infection rates. NICUs ...
de Oliveira Azevedo Vívian Mara Gonçalves - - 2011
Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) has been used as a technique to promote mother-child bonding. It has been discussed of its use for preterm under mechanical ventilation. The objective of this study is to assess the vital signs of preterm infants with a birth weight lower than 1500 g who are under ...
Jacobs Susan E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness and safety of moderate whole-body hypothermia in newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy born in hospitals with and without newborn intensive care facilities or complicated hypothermia equipment. DESIGN: Multicenter, international, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Neonatal intensive care units in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the United States ...
Baliulis Giedrius - - 2011
The study assesses the impact of a program using a model of knowledge transfer on the long-term development of a pediatric cardiac service in Lithuania. A team from the United Kingdom evaluated Lithuanian pediatric cardiac services and provided support in areas targeted for improvement. The total number of infant operations ...
Kuti Oluwafemi - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the type of care that Nigerian women would find useful after stillbirth. METHODS: Between January and June 2009, the study consecutively enrolled women attending the prenatal clinic of Wesley Guild Hospital, Ilesa, Nigeria, who had previously had a stillborn infant. The women were asked whether they had ...
Hahn Won-Ho - - 2011
With regard to the outcome of intensive neonatal care, one of the most important concerns in neonatology is the mortality rate of very low birth weight infants (VLBWI; birth weight < 1,500 g) and extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI; birth weight < 1,000 g). The present study was conducted ...
Gill A W - - 2011
Neonatal nosocomial infection (NNI) is a major complication of neonatal care, increasing mortality, morbidity and the costs of healthcare. Management of NNI involves attention to many details of care, creating a culture of change within a neonatal unit and the implementation of a continuous quality improvement cycle. This paper describes ...
Greenberg Mara B - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate neonatal intensive care unit and special care unit (NICU) admission rates and care needs among term and late-preterm neonates who are exposed to antenatal magnesium sulfate. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all singleton neonates of ≥35 weeks' ...
Silveira Rita C - - 2011
To prospectively study the association of high cytokine plasma levels with later development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in preterm infants with early-onset sepsis to assess a laboratory test to detect ROP. A prospective cohort study was conducted of preterm infants with clinical early-onset sepsis whose birth weight (BW) was ...
Thomas William J - - 2011
Purpose. We aimed to determine if oxygen saturation, desaturations, and saturation variability play a role in progression of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and need for laser treatment. Methods. This was a retrospective case-control study. We performed chart review of premature infants in a university hospital neonatal intensive care unit consecutively ...
Allison Beth Ann - - 2011
Determining the appropriate placement for infants experiencing a delay in transition or who require more intensive assessment, monitoring, and nursing care can be a challenge. Not all of these infants need to be admitted to the NICU. Since 1994, we have had a triage program to care for these infants. ...
Lester Barry M BM Brown Center for Study of Children at Risk, Providence, RI 02905, USA. - - 2011
The trend toward single-room neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) is increasing; however scientific evidence is, at this point, mostly anecdotal. This is a critical time to assess the impact of the single-room NICU on improving medical and neurobehavioral outcomes of the preterm infant. We have developed a theoretical model that ...
Dionne Janis M - - 2011
Advances in the ability to identify, evaluate, and care for infants with hypertension, coupled with advances in the practice of Neonatology, have led to an increased awareness of hypertension in modern neonatal intensive care units. This review will present updated data on blood pressure values in neonates, with a focus ...
Boat Anne C - - 2011
Significant advances in perinatal and neonatal medicine over the last 20 years and the recent emergence of fetal surgery has resulted in anesthesia providers caring for a growing number of infants born at the margin of viability. Anesthetic management in this patient population has to take into consideration the immature function ...
Hatfield Linda - - 2011
In the United States, approximately 100,000 infants are born to diabetic mothers each year. If diabetes in pregnancy is uncontrolled, the diversity of resulting health problems can have a profound effect on the embryo, the fetus, and the neonate. These infants are at risk for a multitude of physiologic, metabolic, ...
Buppasiri Pranom - - 2011
Maternal nutrition during pregnancy is known to have an effect on fetal growth and development. It is recommended that women increase their calcium intake during pregnancy and lactation, although the recommended dosage varies among professionals. Currently, there is no consensus on the role of routine calcium supplementation for pregnant women ...
Fenton Tanis R - - 2011
The objective was to determine the influence of gestational age, maternal, and neonatal variables on reference intervals for cord blood bone minerals (calcium, phosphate, magnesium) and related laboratory tests (alkaline phosphatase, and albumin-adjusted calcium), and to develop gestational age specific reference intervals based on infants without influential pathological conditions. Cross-sectional ...
Hollowell Jennifer - - 2011
Infant mortality has shown a steady decline in recent years but a marked socioeconomic gradient persists. Antenatal care is generally thought to be an effective method of improving pregnancy outcomes, but the effectiveness of specific antenatal care programmes as a means of reducing infant mortality in socioeconomically disadvantaged and vulnerable ...
Rossman Beverly - - 2011
The effectiveness of the breastfeeding peer counselor role is thought to be embedded in the relationship between new and experienced mothers. In this study, new mothers of very low birth weight infants emphasized that one of the most important aspects of their relationship with the breastfeeding peer counselors is the ...
Butler Richard J - - 2010
We describe how a modified Gini index serves as an improved method of estimating health care disparities. The method, although general, is applied to an example of birth weight disparities and to their effect on subsequent mortality. The method provides the between-group results obtainable from current methods (i.e. how Hispanics ...
Wiwatwongwana Atchareeya - - 2010
Objective: To compare the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) requiring laser treatment among infants with birth weights of ≤ 1250 g before and after the implementation of a new oxygen saturation protocol in the neonatal intensive care unit of British Columbia Children's Hospital.Design: Retrospective, comparative review of medical records.Participants: ...
Romero José R - - 2010
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) lower respiratory tract infection (LRI) in early life has been associated with sustained airway hyperreactivity during childhood; however, corresponding data in premature infants are sparse. The objective of this study was to determine whether RSV-LRI during early infancy of preterm infants was associated with an increased ...
Mitanchez D - - 2010
To evaluate the modalities of neonatal care for cases of treated and untreated gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). A search of the PubMed database was performed and recommendations from the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence and the French National Authority for Health were consulted. There were no paediatric indications ...
Blomqvist Ylva Thernström - - 2011
Aims.  To characterise the first infants receiving continuous Kangaroo Mother Care from birth to discharge in a Swedish neonatal intensive care unit and to investigate their mothers' experiences of this model of care. Background.  Admission of a newborn infant to a neonatal intensive care unit commonly implies separation of the ...
Bennett Tellen D - - 2010
The goal was to determine the effect of birth hospital pediatric cardiac specialty center status and neonatal level of care on 90-day mortality for infants with ductal-dependent congenital heart disease. A population-based, retrospective, cohort study was conducted in Washington State in 1987-2006. All infants born in Washington with gestational ages ...
Ugurbas Silay Canturk - - 2010
To determine the incidence, risk factors, and appropriateness of differing guidelines in developed nations for screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a single nursery in a large urban city in southern Turkey. The records of 260 premature infants born ≤34 weeks in a single tertiary unit were retrospectively reviewed ...
Rozendaal Anna M - - 2011
Objectives The number of new oral cleft patients has fallen in the Netherlands. This may be explained by two hypotheses: (1) greater prenatal detection of congenital anomalies has led to more pregnancy terminations and (2) increased folic acid use has reduced the oral cleft risk. Both hypotheses would mainly apply ...
Prasopkittikun Tassanee - - 2010
Maternal self-efficacy is an important factor in parenting behaviors and skills. In order to assess maternal self-efficacy in infant care, a solid measure is needed. The integrity of the assessment of self-efficacy in infant care depends upon whether or not an instrument possesses proper measurement properties. The purpose of this ...
Kao Joanna S JS Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, - - 2011
To explore the association of serum bilirubin level and breast milk feeding with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in preterm infants. We conducted a case-control study to examine the independent and combined effects of serum bilirubin and breast milk feeding on ROP risk in infants <32 weeks gestation or with birth ...
Hård Anna-Lena - - 2010
To retrospectively validate the WINROP (weight, insulinlike growth factor I, neonatal, retinopathy of prematurity [ROP]) algorithm in a Brazilian population. WINROP aims to predict ROP and is based on longitudinal weight measurements from birth until postmenstrual age 36 weeks. WINROP has predicted 100% of severe ROP in 3 neonatal intensive ...
Mallick Asim Kumar - - 2010
Neonatal mortality is still the leading group among the infant mortality in India. Poor infrastructure, home delivery and lack of facility, trained personnel in rural hospital are the major determining factors leading to neonatal mortality and morbidity including perinatal asphyxia. The data, which is gathered from a tertiary neonatal intensive ...
Chawla Deepak - - 2012
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) occurs due to abnormal proliferation of retinal vessels. The most important risk factors which predispose to development of ROP include oxygen therapy, anemia needing blood transfusion, sepsis and apnea. Very low birth weight neonates, those born at ≤32 week of gestation and other preterm neonates with risk ...
Castillo Armando - - 2011
To identify whether pulse oximetry technology is associated with decreased retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and laser treatment. Inborn infants <1250 g who had eye exams were compared at two centres in three periods. In Period 1, SpO₂ target was ≥93% and pulse oximetry technology was the same in both Centres. ...
Machalinska Anna - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association among different circulating stem cell (SC) populations, the levels of selected growth factors and chemokines regulating SC migration in the peripheral blood, and the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: We evaluated 88 participants in this study: 29 preterm infants with ROP, 29 preterm ...
Quinn Graham E - - 2010
To explore the etiology, incidence and methods to prevent and treat severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), which is rapidly becoming a threat to the vision of babies in areas of the world where increasing numbers of premature babies are surviving. The data used in this review were mainly from Medline ...
Bacher M - - 2010
The Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) characterized by mandibular micro- or retrognathia and glossoptosis with or without cleft palate, presents clinically with intermittent upper airway obstruction (UAO). It is associated with other malformations in about half the cases. The incidence is about 1:8,500. Isolated PRS without other malformations does not, by ...
Tlucek Paul S - - 2010
The authors of previous studies suggest that the oxygenation status of premature infants contributes to the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). In this study we compared the incidence and severity of ROP before and after institution of a new neonatal intensive care unit oxygen protocol. A retrospective chart review ...
Austeng Dordi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the natural history of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in 506 extremely preterm infants born before 27 weeks' gestation in Sweden during a 3-year period. METHODS: A national population-based study was performed in Sweden from April 1, 2004, to March 31, 2007. According to the study protocol, initial ...
Silva Ruwan A - - 2011
to report the 36-month experience of the Stanford University Network for Diagnosis of Retinopathy of Prematurity (SUNDROP) telemedicine initiative. retrospective analysis of the SUNDROP archival data between December 1, 2005, and November 30, 2008, to evaluate this diagnostic technology for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening. A total of 230 consecutively ...
O'Sullivan A - - 2010
To assess the efficacy of oral sucrose combined with swaddling and non-nutritive suck (NNS) as a method for reducing pain associated with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening. Randomised placebo controlled study. Tertiary level neonatal intensive care unit. 40 infants undergoing primary eye examination for ROP screening. The control group were ...
Giannantonio Carmen - - 2011
This study assessed the effectiveness of the use of ketorolac tromethamine to reduce retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) incidence and its progression to more severe forms. Forty-seven preterm newborn infants with a birth weight (BW) of 1,000 grams or less and/or a gestational age (GA) of 29 weeks or less were ...
Uzel Aslıhan - - 2011
Objective : This study aimed to assess the scientific evidence on the efficiency of presurgical infant orthopedic appliances in patients with cleft lip and palate to shed light on a specific, contemporary discussion of whether the appliances have long-term advantages with respect to treatment outcomes. Design : A systematic review. ...
Robbins James M - - 2010
Abstract Objective: Prenatal diagnosis of an orofacial cleft is thought to allow mothers greater opportunity to become prepared for the special needs of an infant with a cleft and plan for the care of their child. Using a population-based sample, we determined which children were more likely to be diagnosed ...
Tomita Yuko - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between severity of alveolar cleft and treatment outcome of infant orthopedics in patients affected by complete unilateral cleft lip and palate from cheiloplasty to palatoplasty with a three-dimensional evaluation method. Treatment outcomes of infant orthopedics were evaluated using three-dimensional linear ...
Koltz Peter F - - 2010
Abstract Objective: Less than 1% of the general pediatric population needs pharmacologic therapy for reflux symptoms; yet, the co-existence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with oral clefting remains unclear. The purpose of this retrospective study was to appreciate the difference in the incidence of anti-GERD pharmacotherapy in a sample population ...
Salcone Erin M - - 2010
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vision-threatening vasoproliferative condition of premature infants worldwide. As survival rates of younger and smaller infants improve, more babies are at risk for the development of ROP and blindness. Meanwhile, fewer ophthalmologists are available for bedside indirect ophthalmoscopy screening examinations. Remote digital imaging is a ...
Lavoie Pascal M - - 2010
The i.v. lipid emulsion (LIP) is a source of oxidants, which may stimulate inflammation. Coadministration of parenteral multivitamins (MVP) with LIP prevents lipid peroxidation in light-exposed total parenteral nutrition (TPN). We hypothesized that this modality of TPN administration affects systemic inflammation, which may be modulated by exposure to oxygen. Premature ...
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