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Hollowell Jennifer - - 2011
Infant mortality has shown a steady decline in recent years but a marked socioeconomic gradient persists. Antenatal care is generally thought to be an effective method of improving pregnancy outcomes, but the effectiveness of specific antenatal care programmes as a means of reducing infant mortality in socioeconomically disadvantaged and vulnerable ...
Rossman Beverly - - 2011
The effectiveness of the breastfeeding peer counselor role is thought to be embedded in the relationship between new and experienced mothers. In this study, new mothers of very low birth weight infants emphasized that one of the most important aspects of their relationship with the breastfeeding peer counselors is the ...
Butler Richard J - - 2010
We describe how a modified Gini index serves as an improved method of estimating health care disparities. The method, although general, is applied to an example of birth weight disparities and to their effect on subsequent mortality. The method provides the between-group results obtainable from current methods (i.e. how Hispanics ...
Wiwatwongwana Atchareeya - - 2010
Objective: To compare the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) requiring laser treatment among infants with birth weights of ≤ 1250 g before and after the implementation of a new oxygen saturation protocol in the neonatal intensive care unit of British Columbia Children's Hospital.Design: Retrospective, comparative review of medical records.Participants: ...
Romero José R - - 2010
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) lower respiratory tract infection (LRI) in early life has been associated with sustained airway hyperreactivity during childhood; however, corresponding data in premature infants are sparse. The objective of this study was to determine whether RSV-LRI during early infancy of preterm infants was associated with an increased ...
Mitanchez D - - 2010
To evaluate the modalities of neonatal care for cases of treated and untreated gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). A search of the PubMed database was performed and recommendations from the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence and the French National Authority for Health were consulted. There were no paediatric indications ...
Blomqvist Ylva Thernström - - 2011
Aims.  To characterise the first infants receiving continuous Kangaroo Mother Care from birth to discharge in a Swedish neonatal intensive care unit and to investigate their mothers' experiences of this model of care. Background.  Admission of a newborn infant to a neonatal intensive care unit commonly implies separation of the ...
Bennett Tellen D - - 2010
The goal was to determine the effect of birth hospital pediatric cardiac specialty center status and neonatal level of care on 90-day mortality for infants with ductal-dependent congenital heart disease. A population-based, retrospective, cohort study was conducted in Washington State in 1987-2006. All infants born in Washington with gestational ages ...
Ugurbas Silay Canturk - - 2010
To determine the incidence, risk factors, and appropriateness of differing guidelines in developed nations for screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a single nursery in a large urban city in southern Turkey. The records of 260 premature infants born ≤34 weeks in a single tertiary unit were retrospectively reviewed ...
Rozendaal Anna M - - 2011
Objectives The number of new oral cleft patients has fallen in the Netherlands. This may be explained by two hypotheses: (1) greater prenatal detection of congenital anomalies has led to more pregnancy terminations and (2) increased folic acid use has reduced the oral cleft risk. Both hypotheses would mainly apply ...
Prasopkittikun Tassanee - - 2010
Maternal self-efficacy is an important factor in parenting behaviors and skills. In order to assess maternal self-efficacy in infant care, a solid measure is needed. The integrity of the assessment of self-efficacy in infant care depends upon whether or not an instrument possesses proper measurement properties. The purpose of this ...
Kao Joanna S - - 2011
To explore the association of serum bilirubin level and breast milk feeding with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in preterm infants. We conducted a case-control study to examine the independent and combined effects of serum bilirubin and breast milk feeding on ROP risk in infants <32 weeks gestation or with birth ...
Hård Anna-Lena - - 2010
To retrospectively validate the WINROP (weight, insulinlike growth factor I, neonatal, retinopathy of prematurity [ROP]) algorithm in a Brazilian population. WINROP aims to predict ROP and is based on longitudinal weight measurements from birth until postmenstrual age 36 weeks. WINROP has predicted 100% of severe ROP in 3 neonatal intensive ...
Mallick Asim Kumar - - 2010
Neonatal mortality is still the leading group among the infant mortality in India. Poor infrastructure, home delivery and lack of facility, trained personnel in rural hospital are the major determining factors leading to neonatal mortality and morbidity including perinatal asphyxia. The data, which is gathered from a tertiary neonatal intensive ...
Chawla Deepak - - 2012
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) occurs due to abnormal proliferation of retinal vessels. The most important risk factors which predispose to development of ROP include oxygen therapy, anemia needing blood transfusion, sepsis and apnea. Very low birth weight neonates, those born at ≤32 week of gestation and other preterm neonates with risk ...
Castillo Armando - - 2011
To identify whether pulse oximetry technology is associated with decreased retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and laser treatment. Inborn infants <1250 g who had eye exams were compared at two centres in three periods. In Period 1, SpO₂ target was ≥93% and pulse oximetry technology was the same in both Centres. ...
Machalinska Anna - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association among different circulating stem cell (SC) populations, the levels of selected growth factors and chemokines regulating SC migration in the peripheral blood, and the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: We evaluated 88 participants in this study: 29 preterm infants with ROP, 29 preterm ...
Quinn Graham E - - 2010
To explore the etiology, incidence and methods to prevent and treat severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), which is rapidly becoming a threat to the vision of babies in areas of the world where increasing numbers of premature babies are surviving. The data used in this review were mainly from Medline ...
Bacher M - - 2010
The Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) characterized by mandibular micro- or retrognathia and glossoptosis with or without cleft palate, presents clinically with intermittent upper airway obstruction (UAO). It is associated with other malformations in about half the cases. The incidence is about 1:8,500. Isolated PRS without other malformations does not, by ...
Tlucek Paul S - - 2010
The authors of previous studies suggest that the oxygenation status of premature infants contributes to the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). In this study we compared the incidence and severity of ROP before and after institution of a new neonatal intensive care unit oxygen protocol. A retrospective chart review ...
Austeng Dordi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the natural history of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in 506 extremely preterm infants born before 27 weeks' gestation in Sweden during a 3-year period. METHODS: A national population-based study was performed in Sweden from April 1, 2004, to March 31, 2007. According to the study protocol, initial ...
Silva Ruwan A - - 2011
to report the 36-month experience of the Stanford University Network for Diagnosis of Retinopathy of Prematurity (SUNDROP) telemedicine initiative. retrospective analysis of the SUNDROP archival data between December 1, 2005, and November 30, 2008, to evaluate this diagnostic technology for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening. A total of 230 consecutively ...
O'Sullivan A - - 2010
To assess the efficacy of oral sucrose combined with swaddling and non-nutritive suck (NNS) as a method for reducing pain associated with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening. Randomised placebo controlled study. Tertiary level neonatal intensive care unit. 40 infants undergoing primary eye examination for ROP screening. The control group were ...
Giannantonio Carmen - - 2011
This study assessed the effectiveness of the use of ketorolac tromethamine to reduce retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) incidence and its progression to more severe forms. Forty-seven preterm newborn infants with a birth weight (BW) of 1,000 grams or less and/or a gestational age (GA) of 29 weeks or less were ...
Uzel Aslıhan - - 2011
Objective : This study aimed to assess the scientific evidence on the efficiency of presurgical infant orthopedic appliances in patients with cleft lip and palate to shed light on a specific, contemporary discussion of whether the appliances have long-term advantages with respect to treatment outcomes. Design : A systematic review. ...
Robbins James M - - 2010
Abstract Objective: Prenatal diagnosis of an orofacial cleft is thought to allow mothers greater opportunity to become prepared for the special needs of an infant with a cleft and plan for the care of their child. Using a population-based sample, we determined which children were more likely to be diagnosed ...
Tomita Yuko - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between severity of alveolar cleft and treatment outcome of infant orthopedics in patients affected by complete unilateral cleft lip and palate from cheiloplasty to palatoplasty with a three-dimensional evaluation method. Treatment outcomes of infant orthopedics were evaluated using three-dimensional linear ...
Koltz Peter F - - 2010
Abstract Objective: Less than 1% of the general pediatric population needs pharmacologic therapy for reflux symptoms; yet, the co-existence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with oral clefting remains unclear. The purpose of this retrospective study was to appreciate the difference in the incidence of anti-GERD pharmacotherapy in a sample population ...
Salcone Erin M - - 2010
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vision-threatening vasoproliferative condition of premature infants worldwide. As survival rates of younger and smaller infants improve, more babies are at risk for the development of ROP and blindness. Meanwhile, fewer ophthalmologists are available for bedside indirect ophthalmoscopy screening examinations. Remote digital imaging is a ...
Lavoie Pascal M - - 2010
The i.v. lipid emulsion (LIP) is a source of oxidants, which may stimulate inflammation. Coadministration of parenteral multivitamins (MVP) with LIP prevents lipid peroxidation in light-exposed total parenteral nutrition (TPN). We hypothesized that this modality of TPN administration affects systemic inflammation, which may be modulated by exposure to oxygen. Premature ...
Tandon Manjari - - 2010
To compare prophylactic enteral D-penicillamine (DPA) with placebo for prevention of 'retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) or death' among very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. This was a double-blind, single-centre, randomized, placebo-controlled trial with stratification (for birth weight <1250 and ≥1250 g) and blocking. Inborn neonates with birth weight 750-1500 g, ...
Akman Ipek - - 2010
PURPOSE: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a serious problem which potentially can lead to blindness. The objective of this study is to detect the incidence of ROP and the number of preterm babies requiring treatment for ROP in our center and to establish the screening criteria for our country. METHODS: ...
Yanamandra Krishna - - 2010
Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a vasoproliferative disorder affecting preterm infants leading to visual impairment. ROP is more common in Caucasians than African Americans. Very low birth weight infants have immature retinas and are susceptible to ROP. Because of differences in individual responses to the treatment, various genetic factors have ...
Oberacher-Velten I M - - 2010
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is one of the three leading causes of legal blindness in childhood in the developed countries. Improved neonatal care has resulted in the increased survival of extremely immature infants at high risk to develop ROP. Current treatment for ROP with laser may prevent blindness by causing ...
Leversen Katrine Tyborg - - 2010
Extreme prematurity carries a high risk of neurosensory disability. Examine which information obtained pre-, peri- and postnatally may be predictive of neurosensory disabilities at 2 years of age. Prospective observational study of all infants born in Norway in 1999 and 2000 with gestational age (GA) 22-27 completed weeks or birth ...
Schwarz E C - - 2011
There is a controversy over whether the improved survival rate of extremely low birth weight (ELBW; birth weight < 1000 g) and of extremely low gestational age (ELGA; gestational age < 28 weeks) infants has resulted in a higher incidence of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and induced blindness. We ...
Chen Minghua - - 2011
Interactions among known risk factors for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) remain to be clarified. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with ROP and to explore the interrelationships between prominent risk factors for ROP. From an institutional cohort of 1,646 very preterm newborns with gestational age ...
Kusuda T - - 2011
Objective:The aim of this study was to assess the genetic effects of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway on retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).Study Design:A prospective study from a tertiary center that enrolled 204 Japanese infants (<35 weeks of gestational age (GA)) having no anomalies. ROP developed in 127, but ...
Aoyama Kazuyoshi - - 2010
Aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) can, if left untreated, rapidly progress to total retinal detachment within 1-2 weeks. Early surgical intervention with vitrectomy has been attempted to treat and prevent further retinal detachment. We investigated the anesthetic management of 29 infants with aggressive posterior ROP undergoing early vitrectomy. Postmenstrual ...
Hauspurg Alisse K - - 2011
This study tested the hypothesis that preterm infants who had a blood gas derangement on at least 2 of the first 3 postnatal days are at increased risk for more severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). 1,042 infants born before 28 weeks' gestational age (GA) were included. An infant was considered ...
Zin Andrea A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The goals were to determine optimal screening criteria for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in 7 neonatal units in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and to explore the workload implications of applying different criteria. METHODS: Infants with birth weights of < or = 2000 g or gestational age of <37 weeks ...
Lohmander Anette - - 2011
Objective: To investigate consonant production at 12 and 18 months of age following early soft palate repair in infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP), and to compare it with typically developing children without clefts. Design: Randomized study with comparison group. Participants: Twenty Swedish infants born with UCLP and 21 ...
Ijaz Abida - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To introduce a simple, self-retentive and cost effective presurgical infant orthopaedic plate with anterior ring to retract and align the grossly protruded and deviated pre-maxilla and to perform the nasoalveolar moulding in order to facilitate initial lip repair. METHOD: The study was conducted in the orthodontic department of dental ...
Lu Zhengwei - - 2010
Abstract Objective: To investigate the effects of unrepaired cleft palate on the development of vocabulary comprehension and expression of Chinese children aged 8 to 15 months. Methods: The parents or caregivers of 40 infants with unrepaired cleft palate were recruited from the Cleft Lip and Palate Center at the Stomatology ...
Başmak Hikmet - - 2010
Timely screening of premature babies is an important initial step in the management of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) as earlier treatment results in improved visual prognosis. Screening criteria for ROP currently recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics may not be applicable in developing countries. The aim of the present ...
Zandi Mohammad - - 2011
Objective : To determine the epidemiology of cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) in births in hospitals of Hamedan City, Iran, and to evaluate the etiologic factors that have a role in the development of these anomalies. Design : This research was a 15-year cross-sectional study (1993 to 2008). Participants : ...
Shen Yu-Ming - - 2011
Background: Foreign-born mothers have been reported to have better pregnancy outcomes as measured by the preterm birth rate, neonatal mortality, and birth weight compared with native-born mothers in Belgium, France, Taiwan, and the United States. However, little is known about the association between maternal nationality and the prevalence of orofacial ...
Wermke Kathleen - - 2011
Objective: To investigate cry melody properties in infants with clefts using objective methods and to identify early differences in cry development in relation to infants without clefts that may indicate special developmental risks. Design: Melody analysis was carried out on cries from the second month of life. The cry properties ...
Yassaei S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of cleft lip and palate in births taking place in hospitals in the Yazd province, Iran. METHOD: The records of 65,236 live births delivered at 12 hospitals in Yazd province, including Yazd city and four cities of the states, over a four year period from ...
Souza Nilba Lima de - - 2010
Objective Exploring maternal experience with premature newborn children in a domestic environment. Methods The study was qualitative and used focus group interviews with 24 women who had had preterm deliveries in a public maternity hospital located in Northeast Brazil during June and October 2005. The mothers returned to the hospital ...
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