Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1112
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Watts P - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIMS: A recent report has highlighted the decreasing prevalence in recent years of severe intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants (<1500 g). This study attempted to identify the severity of the grade of IVH in infants with stage 3 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and to re-examine the ...
Coats D K - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: The survival rate of extremely premature infants has increased. No recent study has investigated the characteristics of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) or the incidence of threshold ROP in the most severely premature infants. We undertook this study to determine the risk of developing ROP and threshold ROP in the ...
Watts P - - 2000
PURPOSE: To re-examine the risk of children born by assisted conception developing stage 3 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and to define whether the risk of ROP varies with the method of assisted conception. METHODS: This was a retrospective study carried out between December 1995 and December 1998 of infants in ...
Fledelius H C - - 2000
PURPOSE: From two recent materials to describe the present clinical status regarding retinopathy of prematurity in Denmark, and to outline trends over time. METHODS: A) Results of regular ophthalmic surveillance of 201 clinically selected (higher risk of ROP than average) pre-term infants of birth year 1997-98 taken care of in ...
Karlowicz M G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Extreme prematurity is a risk factor for both candidemia and threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and may confound the reported association between these conditions. OBJECTIVE: To determine if candidemia is an independent risk factor for threshold ROP. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted of infants weighing </=1000 g at ...
Maris C L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Several risk factors in the early lives of children with clefts are believed to interfere with their development of secure attachments to parents; however, this possibility has rarely been studied empirically. This study compared 12- and 24-month attachment classifications of infants with cleft palate (CP), infants with cleft lip ...
ten Tusscher G W - - 2000
HYPOTHESIS: The open chemical combustions in Zeeburg, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, during the years 1961 up to and including 1969, resulted in a local increased incidence of orofacial clefts during this period. STUDY: A retrospective observational epidemiological study was performed, comparing the trend of the incidence of non-syndromal orofacial clefts during ...
Repka M X - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To report the timing of involution of acute retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). DESIGN: An analysis of prospective retinal observational data recorded at infants' eye examinations. PARTICIPANTS: Infants from the Multicenter Trial of Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity (CRYO-ROP) had birth weights less than 1251 g and served as subjects. ...
Bacher M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the morphology of the maxillary crest in infants with Pierre Robin sequence using an anthropometric coordinate system and to compare the data with those of healthy infants. SETTING: The study was performed at a craniofacial center servicing a large geographic area. PARTICIPANTS: The study involved eight infants ...
Javaheri D S - - 2000
Thirty patients were selected to bleach their maxillary teeth. Vacuum-formed trays were fabricated for the maxillary arch so that only one quadrant of bleaching tray had reservoirs. Nupro Gold 10% carbamide peroxide gel was given to patients. They were instructed to place a drop of gel in each tooth area ...
Speltz M L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare at ages 3, 12, and 24 months the cognitive and psychomotor development of 29 infants with cleft lip and palate (CLP), 28 infants with cleft palate only (CPO), and a demographically matched comparison (COMP) group of 69 infants; to examine predictors of cognitive status at age 24 ...
Ceponiene R - - 2000
Language and learning disabilities occur in almost half of individuals with oral clefts. The characteristics of these cognitive dysfunctions vary according to the cleft type, and the mechanisms underlying the relation between cleft type, cognitive dysfunction, and cleft-caused middle-ear disease are unknown. This study investigates preattentive auditory discrimination, which plays ...
Al-Essa M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to review the maternal and neonatal risk factors associated with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and the threshold stage of the disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, all preterm infants of less than 1501 g birth weight were screened for ROP ...
Rajabian M H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the epidemiology and some genetic aspects of oral clefting in Iran. DESIGN: The study was a 15-year cross-sectional (prevalence) study from August 1976 to September 1991. SETTING: The setting for the study was two plastic surgery departments, both mostly referral centers, ...
Friedman C A - - 2000
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between the intake of sugar inositol, serum inositol levels, and ROP in three groups of low birthweight infants receiving feedings containing various concentrations of inositol. METHODS: Infants with a birthweight <1500 g, with severe lung disease, were eligible for the study when they began enteral ...
Vyas J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: There is controversy over whether improved survival of preterm infants has resulted in a higher incidence of severe (grade 3 or greater) retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). AIM: To compare survival rates and rates of > or = stage 3 ROP-that is, with a high risk of sequelae-in preterm infants ...
- - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and safety of supplemental therapeutic oxygen for infants with prethreshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) to reduce the probability of progression to threshold ROP and the need for peripheral retinal ablation. METHODS: Premature infants with confirmed prethreshold ROP in at least 1 eye and median pulse ...
Saunders R A - - 2000
AIM: To determine if a non-ophthalmologist can accurately screen for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) by evaluating the posterior pole blood vessels of the retina. ROP is a common ocular disorder of premature infants and may require multiple screening examinations by an ophthalmologist to allow for timely intervention. Since there is ...
Choi M Y - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIMS: A longitudinal study of premature infants was conducted to examine changes in refractive status and their relation with age and factors influencing the occurrence and degree of myopia. Identification of which of the various refractive factors play important parts in relation to myopia in premature infants was attempted. METHODS: ...
Phelps D L - - 2000
This section is under preparation and will be included in the next issue. To answer the question: "Among very low birth weight infants, what is the effect of reducing early environmental light exposure on the incidence of any "Acute ROP", or "Poor ROP Outcomes"? Searches were made of the Cochrane ...
Seiberth V - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To analyze risk factors in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four hundred forty-seven surviving very-low-birth-weight infants (birth weight </=1,500 g) were enrolled in a retrospective study. Clinical data underwent multivariate analysis using stepwise logistic forward regression. RESULTS: For 402 of the babies a complete dataset of 38 ...
Andersen C C - - 2000
This section is under preparation and will be included in the next issue. In premature infants with threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) does peripheral retinal ablation, by any means, reduce the incidence of adverse ophthalmic outcome? The standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group was used. This included ...
Termote J - - 2000
To study a possible relation between the use of postnatal glucocorticoids and the incidence and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), we conducted a retrospective study over a 4-year period that compared data of 161 preterm infants treated with hydrocortisone for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) with the data of 253 controls. ...
Phelps D L - - 2000
This section is under preparation and will be included in the next issue. To answer the question: Among very low birth weight infants, what is the effect of prophylactic administration of d-penicillamine on the incidence of acute ROP or severe ROP, and side effects including death? Searches were made of ...
Palva T - - 2000
HYPOTHESIS: The tissue-fixed amniotic fluid cellular content (AFCC) in the middle ear and mastoid antrum causes foreign body type reactions that may later severely restrict the aeration pathways to the main attic and to Prussak's space. BACKGROUND: It was shown by Aschoff 100 years ago that AFCC remained in the ...
Grayson B H - - 1999
Presurgical infant orthopedics has been employed since the 1950s as an adjunctive neonatal therapy for the correction of cleft lip and palate. In this paper, we present a paradigm shift from the traditional methods of presurgical infant orthopedics. Some of the problems that the traditional approach failed to address include ...
Kozelj V - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that, with the use of preoperative treatment, the dimensions of the upper part of the oral cavity of an infant with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) become more similar to those of a noncleft infant. DESIGN: This was ...
Papp A - - 1999
This study examines the glutathione status of red blood cells in patients with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) both in vivo and after an in vitro oxidative challenge. Fifty ROP patients of different ages (between 6 weeks and 6 years), born prematurely (gestational age: 28.7 +/- 1.3 weeks; birth weight: 1210 ...
Lieff S - - 1999
The results of previous epidemiologic research on the possible association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and risk of oral clefts in offspring have been inconsistent. This may be due in part to methodological limitations, including imprecise measurement of tobacco use, failure to consider etiologic heterogeneity among types of oral clefts, ...
Hussain N - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To report the current incidence and the need for surgery for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in neonates (22-36 weeks' gestational age [GA], July 1, 1989 through June 30, 1997). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analyses using computerized perinatal database kept on all admissions, a review of patient charts, and eye examination ...
Tomizawa M - - 1999
Fibrous lesions are common in the oral cavity, however, in infants they are rarely reported. We present three cases of palatal polyps in infants aged 2 days, 3 months and 7 months. In two cases, the treatment was surgical removal and in one case the polyp decreased in size and ...
Holland D R - - 1999
PURPOSE: Recent attempts have been made to quantify blood flow velocity in the central retinal artery (CRA) of adults using color Doppler imaging (CDI). Although retinal vascular abnormalities are the hallmark of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), normal values have not been established for CRA blood flow velocity in premature ...
Sykes L - - 1999
One of the primary problems in the management and care of infants born with cleft palates is that of achieving an adequate seal of the cleft to allow proper swallowing to take place. This article describes an interesting case in which a 14-month-old baby, who had received no surgical or ...
Todd D - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To study the incidence and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in infants < 32 weeks' gestation. DESIGN: Review of the records maintained in the New South Wales Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Study (NICUS) database on infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care units (NICU) in NSW from 1 ...
Fraser J - - 1999
Type 3 laryngotracheo-oesophageal clefts are rare congenital anomalies with a high mortality. In the past, transport of such infants to tertiary centres for surgical correction has proved extremely difficult, with the child's ventilatory status often deteriorating to such an extent that ultimate surgical intervention has not proved possible. We describe ...
Mintz-Hittner H A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To compare in children the area and diameter of the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) of former preterm infants, when no significant retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) developed, to the area and diameter of the FAZ of former term infants. DESIGN: Retrospective observational case series and literature review. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-nine children ...
Bellis T H - - 1999
This retrospective study reports the incidence of infants born with the cleft lip and palate anomaly within the Edinburgh Cleft Units catchment area, between 1 January, 1971, and 31 December, 1990. The importance of accurate data collection for local, regional, and national data bases is discussed with reference to the ...
Clemett R - - 1999
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) continues to be an important cause of potentially preventable blindness worldwide. The pattern of visual impairment from ROP in some middle-income countries--high rates affecting larger and more mature infants--resembles that seen in more developed countries two decades ago and has been called a "third epidemic" of ...
Mizoguchi M B - - 1999
AIM: To assess whether treatment of premature infants with dopamine is a risk factor for development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: A retrospective case series analysis of two groups was utilised with a minimum follow up of 6 months. Clinical profiles and patient risk factors were identified along with ...
Hermann N V - - 1999
This paper reports a cephalometric analysis of the craniofacial morphology in infants with unoperated unilateral complete cleft lip and palate (UCCLP) and unoperated unilateral incomplete cleft lip (UICL). The purpose of the study was to determine the nature and extent of the craniofacial deviations in UCCLP as compared to the ...
Slaney S F - - 1999
We report on 3 male and 2 female infants with acromelic frontonasal dysostosis. All 5 had a frontonasal malformation of the face and nasal clefting associated with striking symmetrical preaxial polysyndactyly of the feet and variable tibial hypoplasia. In contrast, the upper limbs were normal. This rare variant of frontonasal ...
Shaw G M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether periconceptional maternal alcohol consumption increased the risk of delivering infants with orofacial cleft phenotypes. DESIGN: Data were derived from a large population-based case control study of fetuses and infants among a cohort of California births from 1987 to 1989 (n = 548,844). Information concerning alcohol consumption ...
Lee S - - 1999
Infants diagnosed with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) are at risk for developing visual impairments. The International Classification of ROP (ICROP) developed the most useful tool available for communicating the location and extent of the condition, with three zones to describe the location and five stages to describe the extent. Despite ...
Hickey M - - 1999
Progestogen-only contraception is almost invariably associated with changes in menstrual bleeding patterns. Changes in the endometrial vasculature, and in particular an increase in vascular fragility, may contribute to this bleeding. In this study, endometrial vascular density and endothelial cell basement membrane components were examined using immunohistochemistry before and after insertion ...
Chye J K - - 1999
This study aims to determine the prevalence of and risk factors associated with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. All premature VLBW infants, admitted into the neonatal intensive care unit of the University Hospital Kuala Lumpur, were screened from 4 weeks of life. Perinatal and ...
Dogru M - - 1999
PURPOSE: To evaluate the visual development in infants with stage 1 approximately 3 ROP and compare their visual results with healthy preterm infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred forty-four premature infants were recruited and were divided into 3 groups according to the stage of ROP. Randomly selected preterm subjects with ...
Yamada T - - 1999
A 3-D measurement and evaluation system for facial forms was developed with a liquid crystal range finder (LCRF). Its mechanical resolution was approximately/= 0.4 mm, and it was capable of measuring >30000 points from the entire facial surface in one second. An original program was developed to identify facial landmarks ...
Bullard S R - - 1999
PURPOSE: We sought to determine whether the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) at our institution has changed since the Cryo-ROP recruitment period 10 years ago. METHODS: We determined the incidences of threshold ROP, prethreshold ROP, less-than-prethreshold ROP, and no disease for each of 3 birth weight classes (<750 g, ...
Mulliken J B JB Craniofacial Center, and Department of Neurosurgery at Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass 02115, - - 1999
Appropriate management of posterior plagiocephaly requires differentiation of occipitoparietal flattening caused by lambdoid synostosis from that caused by deformational forces. In a 2 1/2-year prospective study of 115 infants presenting with unilateral posterior cranial flattening, only one child had synostotic posterior plagiocephaly (lambdoid synostosis), whereas 114 infants had deformational posterior ...
Braumann B - - 1999
It is the aim of presurgical infant orthopedics (PSIO) to reduce the width of the cleft and to achieve optimal alignment of the cleft palate segments within the first few months of infancy prior to any surgical cleft closure. The question about the amount that PSIO can stimulate and steer ...
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