Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1112
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Noyola Daniel E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the presence of candidemia in infants is associated with an increased incidence of threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). DESIGN: Retrospective, case-controlled study. PARTICIPANTS AND CONTROLS: Forty-six infants admitted to the Texas Children's Hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit between 1989 and 1999 with a birth weight 1500 ...
Tadesse Misrak - - 2002
The objective of this observational cohort study at Georgetown University Hospital from January 1, 1994 through December 31, 1997 was to investigate race, Candida sepsis, and duration of oxygen exposure in infants with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) with birth weight < or = 1,000 g. The incidence of ROP was ...
Sánchez-Villagra Marcello R - - 2002
The stage of cerebellar development at birth was assessed in 23 species of placental mammals. Serial histological sections were examined and five stages in the differentiation of the cerebellar cortical layers were defined. A wide diversity of conditions at birth was found. The available evidence (after parsimony reconstruction) suggests that ...
Chapman K L - - 2001
This study compared the prelinguistic vocal development of 9-month-old babies with unrepaired cleft palate (n = 30) and age-matched peers (n = 15). Samples of the babies' spontaneous vocalizations were obtained while they interacted with their primary caregiver during play. The groups were compared on a number of variables including ...
Yang C S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The sequela of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is an important cause of infant blindness. This study was designed to screen the high-risk premature infants and investigate the incidence and risk factors associated with the development of ROP. METHODS: From October 1997 to October 1998, all premature infants with birth ...
Mccolm J R - - 2001
The incidence of ROP is birth weight dependent and restricting therapeutic oxygen levels has dramatically reduced the incidence of ROP in infants of birth weight >1000 g. However, the incidence of ROP has remained high in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and this appears to be related to these ...
Peltomäki T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine possible associations between severity of clefting in infants and maxillary growth in children with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study of measurements made on infant maxillary study casts and maxillary cephalometric variables obtained at 5 ...
Hurmerinta K - - 2001
PURPOSE: This cephalometric study describes structural changes in facial features and occlusion during distraction of the mandible. PATIENTS: Seven patients aged 7-16 years with severely retrognathic lower jaws were treated by bilateral extra-oral distraction. The direction of the distraction was changed during the distraction period (mean 30 days) using the ...
Prahl C - - 2001
Aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of infant orthopaedics (IO) on maxillary dimensions in infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). The study design was a prospective two-arm randomised controlled trial in parallel with three participating academic Cleft Palate Centres. Treatment was assigned by means of ...
Hylander M A - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: With the increased survival of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants, weighing less than 1500 g at birth, the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a significant cause of blindness among children in the United States, is also increasing. Preterm infants with a positive diagnosis of ROP during the perinatal ...
Fledelius H C - - 2001
PURPOSE: To report on the efficacy of systemic Interferon-alfa therapy in controlling the endothelial proliferation in expanding facial haemangiomas of infancy threatening the eye. METHODS: The series comprised 9 subjects with facial haemangiomas of rapid growth within the first few months of life. All haemangiomas had relation to an eyelid ...
Rowlands E - - 2001
AIM: To audit the prevalence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a level 2 status neonatal unit. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively over 9 years from September 1989 to September 1998. Preterm infants were examined according to the Royal College of Ophthalmologists' guidelines and retinopathy graded following the International Classification ...
Hartsfield J K JK - - 2001
Maternal cigarette smoking during the first trimester of pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of having a child with an oral cleft. Compounds present in cigarette smoke undergo bioactivation and/or detoxication. Phase I of this process results in the formation of reactive epoxides, which can form DNA adducts initiating ...
Podgornik H - - 2001
Convective Interaction Media (CIM) monolithic columns were applied for the HPLC monitoring of Phanerochaete chrysosporium lignin peroxidase (LiP) isoforms during cultivation. The influence of the agitation mode (circular, elliptic) and rate (130 and 200 rpm), as well as the initial nitrogen concentration (1.6-6 mM) in the growth medium was investigated. ...
Haroon Parupia M F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of postnatal dexamethasone use and fungal sepsis in the development of severe retinopathy and progression to laser therapy. BACKGROUND: Postnatal steroids have been frequently used in the management of infants with chronic lung disease, airway edema, and hypotension, but ...
Banach M J - - 2001
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a potentially blinding condition that afflicts preterm infants in the neonatal period. Although advances in scleral buckling and vitrectomy techniques offer hope for those infants suffering from stage 4 or 5 ROP, prevention of progression to these stages offers the most promise for favorable structural ...
Mehendale F V FV St. Andrew's Centre for Plastic Surgery, Broomfield Hospital, Essex, London, - - 2001
We present two infants with holoprosencephaly and clefts of the primary palate, who developed nasal airway obstruction due to a previously undocumented cause: a ball-valve-like action of a rudimentary premaxilla, which was extremely mobile on a soft tissue stalk. In such patients, the importance of intranasal examination to identify a ...
Dogru M - - 2001
PURPOSE: To assess the pattern of visual development in children aged 1-3 years with stage 1-3 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: One hundred forty-four infants weighing <1500 g were divided into three groups according to ROP stage. Randomly chosen preterm infants were the controls. Ophthalmic examinations started 4-7 weeks after ...
Grayson B H - - 2001
This addendum to the "State of the Art Dental Treatment of Predental and Infant Patients With Clefts and Craniofacial Anomalies," by Prahl-Andersen (Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2000;37:528532), offers an extended perspective on this controversial subject. This article reviews the role of combined nasal and alveolar (nasoalveolar) molding in the primary ...
Twelker J D - - 2001
PURPOSE: This study compares retinoscopy in infants using a near noncycloplegic technique, cycloplegia with tropicamide 1%, and cycloplegia with cyclopentolate 1%. The study sample included 29 healthy, nonstrabismic infants 4 to 7 months of age (mean 5.71 months). METHODS: Each study subject was examined at two separate visits an average ...
Blair B M - - 2001
PURPOSE: To report a significant decrease in the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), both in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and internationally, and review factors in patient care that may be contributory. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all neonates weighing less than 1251 g admitted to ...
Subhani M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether significant retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) can be detected before 31 to 33 weeks' postmenstrual age (PMA) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. METHODS: Medical records of all ELBW infants (<1000 g at birth) admitted to our regional perinatal center between April 1995 and January 1999 ...
Fulton A B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the more severe the acute phase retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) was in the preterm weeks, the more severely compromised is rod photoreceptor function after the ROP has resolved. METHODS: Electroretinographic (ERG) responses were recorded from 25 dark-adapted children (ages 2.5 months' postterm to 14 ...
Lee S K - - 2001
CONTEXT: Existing guidelines recommended by the Canadian Pediatric Society (CPS) and American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) for routine screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) remain controversial. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether current guidelines for routine screening for ROP should be changed. DESIGN: We examined data that were collected as part of ...
Faron G - - 2001
We present a woman with metabolic disorders secondary to malabsorption and renal disease who gave birth to a stillborn male fetus with left unilateral cleft lip and palate and a live born infant with left unilateral cleft lip and palate. We discuss potential cofactors that could be implicated in the ...
Roth D B - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To compare the method of photographic screening using the RetCam 120 to the standard method of screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) by ophthalmologic examination. METHODS: A total of 100 RetCam 120 photoscreening examinations of the retina were performed on 32 premature infants. These were stored in a separate ...
Mulliken J B JB Division of Plastic Surgery, Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass 02115, USA. - - 2001
Synchronous repair of bilateral complete cleft lip and nasal deformity requires conception of three-dimensional form and fourth-dimensional changes with growth, as distorted by the malformation. The aim is to obviate typical postoperative nasolabial stigmata. The strategy is to construct fast-growing features on a smaller scale and slow-growing features on a ...
Phelps D L - - 2001
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) causes vision loss in many premature infants each year, despite the advances being made in treatment. In the search for ways to prevent the disease altogether, the exposure of the retina to bright ambient light following premature birth has been a natural hypothesis, since the premature ...
Cuculich P S - - 2001
Whether postnatal dexamethasone treatment for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) increases the risk of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) neonates is uncertain. We performed a retrospective cohort study to determine the association between dexamethasone administered postnatally and the development of ROP in VLBW (< or = 1,250 g birth weight, ...
Englert J A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Numerous risk factors for development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in very low birth weight infants have been identified in the literature. However, the role of anemia in the development of ROP has not been adequately addressed. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively examined the medical records of all infants weighing ...
Phelps D L DL Pediatrics and Ophthalmology, University of Rochester, Box 651, Pediatrics, 601 Elmwood Ave, Rochester, New York, USA, 14642. dale - - 2001
Retinopathy of prematurity remains a common problem. A low rate of this disorder was unexpectedly observed among infants treated with intravenous d-penicillamine to prevent hyperbilirubinemia. This observation led to the investigation of its use to prevent retinopathy of prematurity. To answer the question: Among very low birth weight infants, what ...
Mishima K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the three-dimensional characteristics of the palatal configurations in incomplete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) patients and to determine whether there are differences in the effect of early orthopedic treatment between complete and incomplete UCLP patients. DESIGN: Eight infants with incomplete ...
Onofrey C B - - 2001
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the calculated risk of progression to threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and risk of an unfavorable structural outcome using the computer program, RM-ROP, with the observed incidence for infants born at Jackson Memorial Hospital (JMH) and to determine how many children ...
Long W L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Gaps exist in the modern literature that describes patterns of development in living groups of actinopterygian fishes. Relatively recent descriptions of development exist for the teleost fishes, bowfin, sturgeon, paddlefish and bichirs. Such literature dealing with the gars is to be found in older work, done approximately a century ...
Katz X - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Patients with zone I retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) have poor outcomes despite treatment. We analyze the clinical characteristics and treatment outcome of patients with zone I disease and compare them with patients with zone II disease. METHODS: Preterm infants weighing less than 1500 g at birth were screened by ...
Muthu M S - - 2000
Cleft lip and palate is a severe birth defect occurring approximately one in 800-1000 newborn infants. The incidence varies widely among races. Cleft lip and palate together account for approximately 50% of all cases whereas isolated cleft lip and isolated cleft palate occur in about 25% of cases. Many of ...
Wallace D K - - 2000
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between rate of postnatal weight gain and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: All infants (n = 111) screened for ROP at a single tertiary intensive care nursery over a 2-year period with an estimated gestational age of 30 weeks or ...
Liao S L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on the effect of carbon dioxide tension in the first 3 days of life on the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in mechanically ventilated premature infants. METHODS: From January 1997 to June 1998, 91 premature infants (gestational age 28.8 +/- 2.5 weeks, birth weight 1169 ...
Stockdale H J - - 2000
This article focuses on the breastfeeding experience of a midwife after the birth of her first child. He was born with a bilateral cleft lip and palate and despite attempting to breastfeed it was not possible physiologically. The decision was made to express breastmilk long-term and feed the baby by ...
James W H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The causes of oral clefts (cleft lip with or without cleft palate, CL/P, and cleft palate alone, CP) have not been established. However, maternal intrauterine hormone profiles have been suspected of being involved. There is now substantial evidence that maternal hormone concentrations around the time of conception partially control ...
Prasad C N - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: A two-institution retrospective study was undertaken to determine whether two different prepalatoplasty protocols quantitatively affect maxillary arch morphology in infants with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). DESIGN: Serial maxillary dental casts, obtained at regular intervals through the first 18 months of life from preintervention until palatoplasty were ...
Msamati B C - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of cleft lip, cleft palate, spina bifida and hydrocephalus; and to compare these with those of Asian and European subjects. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: The Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital (QECH) in Blantyre, Malawi. SUBJECTS: Delivery and nursery records compiled between January 1998 and December ...
Aprahamian A D - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: We undertook this study to determine how frequently at-risk infants were scheduled for and brought to follow-up appointments for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) examination after hospital discharge and to identify barriers to follow-up. METHODS: The records of 126 infants with or at risk for ROP at the time of ...
Al-Essa M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To identify the rate and prognosis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among newborn infants of birthweight of above 1500 grams, and the possible risk factors associated with the disease. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: Neonatal unit at Maternity Hospital, Kuwait city, Kuwait. METHODS: All low birth weight infants ...
Bonthala S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Preterm infants are more likely to have episodes of abdominal distention, emesis, and gastric residuals 24 hours after their first screening examination for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) than on the day preceding the examination. Because these feeding problems reflect abnormalities in motor function, the purpose of this study was ...
Hughes C A - - 2000
Upper airway obstruction in the newborn is frequently due to congenital laryngeal anomalies. One of these, the posterior laryngeal cleft, is often associated with subglottic stenosis and respiratory difficulty. This discussion of the anterior laryngeal cleft reports findings in an infant who required intubation immediately after birth and survived only ...
Theng J T - - 2000
AIM: In Caucasian populations, premature infants with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) have been reported to have higher risks of developing refractive errors and strabimus. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the rate of these complications in Asian premature infants with and without ROP. METHODS: A retrospective case review ...
Donley C L - - 2000
PURPOSE: The frequency of cysts has been reported to be high in newborns, but they are rarely seen after three months of age. There has been a lack of studies describing the clinical prevalence in the premature infant after 22 weeks and less than 37 weeks gestation. The purpose of ...
Fadavi S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies demonstrated that the use of a custom-made intraoral acrylic appliance, known as a palatal stabilizing device, prevents palatal groove formation and reduces the frequency rate of accidental extubations in premature, intubated babies. In this study, we compared the effectiveness of a prefabricated palatal device with an acrylic ...
Fledelius H C - - 2000
PURPOSE: To analyse the trends over 16 years (1982-97) in a Danish county regarding the clinical appearance of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: The data for birth years 1993-97 regarding the regular ophthalmic surveillance for ROP in the region have been analysed. With gestational age (GA) 32 weeks and/or a ...
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