Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1115
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Phan Mai Hong - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Although retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of childhood blindness, its impact in lower income countries is not well documented. The World Health Organization has proclaimed that infants at risk for ROP should have screening eye examinations and access to treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study ...
Berman Susan L - - 2003
Desert rodents that consume halophytic plants must have adaptations for coping with the high salt content of the leaves. A kidney capable of excreting very concentrated urine is one method. Another is removal of the hypersaline epidermis by means of chisel-like incisors prior to ingestion of the leaves. Tympanoctomys barrerae ...
Rojvachiranonda Nond - - 2003
Distraction osteogenesis (DO) has recently been applied to the palate. Successful posterior lengthening and medial advancement of the palates was continuously reported. Based on these studies, it is obvious that DO will play a major role in the management of problems related to palatal defects in the near future. Although ...
Récsán Zsuzsa - - 2003
PURPOSE: To analyze the structural outcomes of zone I prethreshold and stage 3 threshold retinopathy of prematurity following laser ablation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This nonrandomized observational case series evaluated 71 eyes of 36 infants who weighed less than 1,250 g at birth. Infants were treated at either prethreshold or threshold ...
Al-Amro Saleh A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively study the incidence and nature of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) at a University Hospital in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This study was carried out the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of King Khalid University Hospital in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. One hundred and ninety-five consecutive ...
Hutchinson Amy K - - 2003
PURPOSE: To determine whether severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) occurs in infants whose birth weights exceed 1250 g. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 1118 premature infants with birth weights > 1250 g, who were referred for screening examinations for ROP, to determine the severity of ROP observed. ...
Harbourne Regina T - - 2003
The development of sitting postural control in five normal infants was examined longitudinally at three stages of sitting: Stage 1, when infants could hold up their head and upper trunk, but could not sit independently; Stage 2, when infants began to sit independently briefly; and Stage 3, when infants could ...
Garg Ruchira - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) remains a leading cause of morbidity in the very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infant. This study investigates a possible association between serum/blood glucose and the development of ROP. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study of all infants born between 1992 and 1997 at the Johns Hopkins Hospital with ...
Termote Jacqueline - - 2003
PURPOSE: To determine, in relation to two previous studies, the incidence of visual impairment (VI) caused by retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in children born in the Netherlands between 1994 and 2000 and their associated nonvisual disabilities. METHODS: From all institutes, schools, and ambulatory services for the partially sighted and blind, ...
Nair P M C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This is a hospital-based, prospective clinical study to determine the incidence, risk factors, and outcome of extreme low birth weight and very low birth weight pre-term babies with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Oman. METHODS: All babies with a birth weight =/< 1500 g ...
Redford-Badwal Deborah A - - 2003
Infants born with a cleft may require modifications in feeding practices prior to surgical closure of the defect; however, few changes in dietary recommendations are necessary. Often, the delivery method of breast milk or formula can be altered in order to require less effort by the infant and decrease caloric ...
Shaw Gary M - - 2003
In a case-control study using an assessment of occupational tasks by an industrial hygienist, the authors investigated whether women's occupational exposures increased risks of delivering infants with cleft palate (CP), cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CLP), conotruncal defects, or limb deficiencies. For CP and CLP, exposures were further ...
Casteels Ingele - - 2003
PURPOSE: To assess visual outcome, funduscopic appearance, and refraction for infants treated with cryotherapy for threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) between 1989 and 1999. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the medical records of premature infants with threshold ROP who were treated with cryotherapy. RESULTS: A total of 2,146 premature infants were ...
Lin Wen-Hsien - - 2003
Timely detection of the threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is very important. The goal of this study was to discuss the optimal timing of the initial screening for ROP as well as ROP progression in the outpatient department (OPD) follow-up after discharge. Herein we retrospectively review the charts of 224 ...
Chow Lily C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: A wide variability in the incidence of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is reported by different centers. The altered regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor from repeated episodes of hyperoxia and hypoxia is 1 important factor in the pathogenesis of ROP. Strict management of O(2) delivery and monitoring to ...
Oden Neal L - - 2003
The Supplemental Therapeutic Oxygen for Prethreshold Retinopathy of Prematurity trial used the group-sequential alpha-spending approach with asymmetrical tails to investigate whether supplemental oxygen therapy would reduce the proportion of infants progressing from prethreshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) to threshold ROP from 30% to 20%. Three years of enrollment were predicted. ...
Allegaert Karel - - 2003
PURPOSE: To document perinatal growth characteristics in infants who developed threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in an attempt to describe prenatal and postnatal growth-related risk factors for threshold ROP. METHODS: To document birth weight as well as absolute and relative weight gain (g/d and g/kg/d) in the first 6 weeks ...
Rozendaal Lieke - - 2003
We describe two brothers born to consanguineous parents, who presented with hypotonia and hypoglycaemia in the neonatal period and later developed obesity and developmental delay. They had brachydactyly and similar facial features including a prominent forehead, low nasal bridge, midface hypoplasia, full lips, a small mouth, and small, low set ...
Williams Ashley - - 2003
In the present study we examined cartilage matrix repair following IL-1-induced matrix depletion. Previous data indicated that, in some cases, chondrocytes can synthesize macromolecules to establish a functional extracellular matrix in response to a matrix-damaging insult or when placed in a three-dimensional environment with inadequate matrix. However, the conditions under ...
Allegaert K - - 2003
The incidence of threshold retinopathy, clinical characteristics and risk factors to develop threshold retinopathy are described in a group of preterm infants admitted between 1996 and 2000 in a single tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. A subset of these infants (n = 31) developed threshold retinopathy (ROP). Incidence of threshold ...
Wyszynski Diego F - - 2003
The birth weight and gestational age of 1368 newborns with isolated cleft lip with or without cleft palate and 582 with isolated cleft palate were compared to those of matched healthy controls. The results indicate that fetuses with oral clefts are at elevated risk of having low and very low ...
Mechoulam Hadas - - 2003
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is an ischemia-induced proliferative retinopathy, which affects premature infants with low birth weight. It is a leading cause of visual impairment and blindness in children, and shares pathophysiological characteristics with other common ocular diseases such as diabetic retinopathy, central vein occlusion, and age-related macular degeneration. Pathologically ...
Delport Suzanne D SD Department of Paediatrics, Kalafong Hospital and University of Pretoria, and MRC Unit for Maternal and Infant Health Care - - 2002
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a complication of prematurity, is diagnosed by ophthalmological screening of infants at risk (birth weight < or = 1,500 g), and may lead to blindness. The incidence of ROP is under-reported in developing countries, including South Africa. Published data from the USA (CRYO-ROP) show that ...
Muto T - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between cranio-cervical inclination and pharyngeal airway space (PAS) by measuring these parameters at different head postures in the same subjects and to obtain a regression equation to correct the values measured. Fifty lateral cephalometric radiographs taken at five different head ...
Moukheiber Alain K - - 2002
Laryngotracheoesophageal clefts (LTECs) are rare congenital defects of variable severity depending on the extent of malformation. Management of a complete LTEC represents a major surgical and anesthetic challenge. The main problems are achieving adequate operative exposure and maintaining ventilatory support during and after the operation. We describe correction of a ...
Larsson E - - 2002
To evaluate current screening guidelines for ROP (retinopathy of prematurity) and to determine whether they can be modified. In accordance with the authors' present criterion, infants born in Stockholm County, Sweden, from 1 August 1998 to 31 July 2000, with a gestational age of < or =32 weeks, were screened ...
Comaish Ian F - - 2002
Progressive post-LASIK keratectasia (PPLK) is a progressive deformation of corneal anatomy that occurs rarely but may have severe consequences. Using the scientific literature and new hypotheses, we attempted to determine whether PPLK is a biomechanical result of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), a chronic disease process affecting individuals predisposed to ...
Reynolds James D - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The Multicenter Trial of Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity (CRYO-ROP) demonstrated the efficacy of treatment for threshold ROP and indicated the need for worldwide ROP screening. Previous guidelines for ROP screening have been largely based on clinical impression; we can now develop evidence-based screening recommendations. OBJECTIVE: To define the ...
Richardson Michael K - - 2002
The forelimb of whales and dolphins is a flipper that shows hyperphalangy (numerous finger bones). Hyperphalangy is also present in marine reptiles, including ichthyosaurs and plesiosaurs. The developmental basis of hyper-phalangy is unclear. Kükenthal suggested that phalanx anlagen split into three pieces during cetacean development, thereby multiplying the ancestral number. ...
Larsson E - - 2002
To prospectively analyse the present incidence of ROP (retinopathy of prematurity) in a well defined geographical area in Sweden, and to compare it with that from a decade earlier in exactly the same area. Infants born between 1 August 1998 and 31 July 2000 with a birth weight of 1500 ...
Andruscavage L - - 2002
A cross sectional (prevalence) study was performed to assess the usefulness and sensitivity of commonly employed criteria to identify infants for routine ophthalmoscopic screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). At a tertiary care centre between 1 January 1992 and 30 June 1998, experienced vitreoretinal specialists screened 438 premature infants for ...
- - 2002
In general, health care professionals taking care of high risk infants in neonatal intensive care units have become more restrictive in their use of red blood cell transfusion over the past 10 years. The present statement is intended for those caring for high risk newborn infants (preterm to one month ...
Birdsell Dawn N - - 2002
An increased incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) parallels the increased incidence of viable births at earlier gestational ages. However, advancements in laser therapy can treat ROP and ultimately prevent blindness. This paper describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a tool that consistently documents ROP assessments by medical staff, ...
Tollaro Isabella - - 2002
The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of abrasion in posterior teeth of subjects with unilateral posterior crossbite in the deciduous dentition. A group of 54 untreated subjects in deciduous dentition (test group, TG) was selected from a parent sample of 1500 patients from the files of ...
McGregor Mary Lou - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine the rate of progression from prethreshold to threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in infants excluded from Supplemental Therapeutic Oxygen for Prethreshold Retinopathy of Prematurity (STOP-ROP) because their median arterial oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry (SpO2) values were >94% in room air at the time of prethreshold diagnosis ...
Takemura Hiroshi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: A retrospective survey of 339 infants who had undergone primary plastic surgery for cleft lip and palate was performed to evaluate the concomitant preoperative assessment based on severity grading of the common cold and the correlation of cleft type with the incidence of perioperative respiratory complications. METHODS: We assessed ...
Mathew M R K - - 2002
PURPOSE: With advancement in neonatal care units, early detection of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in premature and very-low-birth-weight infants is important. Numerous studies have reported an increased risk of ROP in prematurely born infants, but only few have been long-term and strictly population-based. The aim of the present study was ...
Wong Granger B GB Division of Plastic Surgery, and Craniofacial Centre, Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass. 02115, - - 2002
There is usually some relapse in position of the alar cartilage after primary repair of unilateral cleft lip. Therefore, preoperative or postoperative external splinting has been recommended to supplement either closed or open suspension of the alar cartilage. The authors present a method using a resorbable internal nostril splint to ...
Haider M Z - - 2002
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a disease characterized by neovascularization which occurs in infants with short gestational age and low birth weight and can lead to retinal detachment and blindness. In a proportion of ROP cases, the disease progresses to advanced stages despite rigorous intervention. The genotypes for angiotensin-converting enzyme ...
Chiang Mei-Chih - - 2002
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is one of the most important morbidity in premature infants. The latest American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) screening guidelines for ROP are mandatory for infants with birth weights < or = 1500 g or gestational ages (GA) < or = 28 weeks. To determine the appropriate ...
Haider M Z - - 2002
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a retinal vascular disease which occurs in infants with a short gestational age and low birth weight and may lead to retinal detachment and blindness. In some premature infants, ROP progresses to advanced stages despite rigorous intervention, but in the majority, it spontaneously regresses before ...
Jaber L - - 2002
To study the prevalence of cleft palate and cleft lip with or without cleft palate in an Israeli Arab town, questionnaires were sent to the parents of 1375 pupils in grades 1 and 2 in all seven primary schools in the town of Taibe, and 1281 responded. The information requested ...
Hosono Shigeharu - - 2002
PURPOSE: To evaluate the hypothesis that bilirubin has a protective effect against the development of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: An assessment of 76 infants born at 24 and 25 weeks' gestation and admitted to the level III neonatal intensive care unit at Saitama Children's Medical Center was made. ...
Wermke Kathleen - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the present study were: (1) to analyze the cry features of infants with cleft lip and palate (UCLP) by means of spectral analysis, (2) to describe changes of the acoustic parameters from birth until 9 months of age, and (3) to compare these data with existing ...
Li Ai-Qun AQ Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Shen Yang Stomatology Hospital, Shen Yang, People's Republic of - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to disclose the relationship between the anomaly of the cartilaginous framework and the nasal deformity of cleft lip. The noses of six stillborn infants with unilateral complete cleft lip were carefully dissected. The size and weight of the lower lateral cartilages were measured to ...
Abadie Véronique - - 2002
Pierre Robin sequence (posterior U-shape cleft palate, glossoptosis, retrognathia) (PRS) is a frequent and heterogeneous neonatal condition of obscure origin. We show here that orodigestive and cardiorespiratory functional disorders are very frequent in PRS and that these functional disorders, as well as anatomical and embryological data, argue for the involvement ...
Sandberg Debra J - - 2002
Facial clefting is one of the most common birth defects and having a child born with this defect can be a devastating experience for parents and family members. Until recently, repair of cleft lip and palate deformities was deferred until the infant had reached 10 weeks of age, 10 pounds ...
Wolfram-Gabel R - - 2002
The aim of this study was to describe the microvascularization of the area of junction located between the integuments of the nasal ala and the respiratory mucosa. This study is part of an overall study on the microvascularization of the mucocutaneous junctions of the head. It was undertaken on histological ...
Kim Sukwha - - 2002
We present an epidemiologic study of cleft lip and palate in the Republic of Korea from January 1, 1993 through December 31, 1993. In 1993, the number of total live births was 715,817. And from 1993 through 1995, a total of 1,293 new patients with cleft lip and palate who ...
Aggarwal Rajiv - - 2002
With improving survival of very low birth infants in India, Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP is likely to emerge as a significant problem. The most important risk factor in the pathogenesis of ROP is prematurity. Other factors like frequent blood transfusions; sepsis, apnea and problems with oxygenation have also been implicated ...
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