Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1112
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Ibarra Michael S - - 2004
The management of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) has changed over the last 20 years. Screening and treatment protocols have been established to provide timely therapy to infants at risk. Cryotherapy, laser photoablation, vitrectomy, and scleral buckling have proven effective but also have inherent risks of complications. The anterior segment complications ...
Goodacre Tim E E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether attractiveness and success of surgical outcome differ according to the timing of cleft lip repair. DESIGN: Three experiments were conducted: (1) surgeons rated postoperative medical photographs of infants having either neonatal or 3-month lip repair; (2) lay panelists rated the same photographs; (3) lay panelists rated ...
White Jill E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize the soft tissue facial features of infants without cleft and to report on the correlation between these with weight, length, and head circumference. DESIGN: This was a prospective study using a noninvasive three-dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry (C3D) system to capture the images ...
Alves Karina Mirela Ribeiro Pinto - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of palatal and alveolar cysts in babies with cleft lip and/or palate. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Hospital for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies, University of São Paulo (HRAC-USP), Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred ninety-one Caucasian babies divided into four groups according to the type of ...
Dutta Sourabh - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors which predispose to the development of threshold retinopathy of prematurity among patients of retinopathy of prematurity. METHODS: The ROP clinic records of a 3 year period were retrospectively studied to identify babies with threshold ROP (T-ROP) and sub-threshold ROP (ST-ROP). Various antenatal and perinatal ...
Marakoglu Kamile - - 2004
Natal/neonatal teeth are very common in children with complete unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate. This article outlines a patient with intrauterine growth retardation, anencephaly, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, two maxillary first natal incisor teeth, cleft palate, short neck, low-set ears, hypertelorism, retrognathia, and simian-line on the ...
Chiang Michael F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the current incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in New York state. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Newborn infants (15 691) with initial hospital length of stay >28 days and date of discharge from January 1, 1996, to December 31, 2000. Subjects were identified from the New ...
Hadziselimovic Faruk - - 2004
The aim of this study was to describe the development of Ad spermatogonia in both unilateral and bilateral cryptorchid infants compared to a control population of comparable age and to note particularly the fate of Ad spermatogonia during the normal surge of testosterone and gonadotropin. The incidence and development of ...
Smith Lois E H - - 2004
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a major cause of blindness in children in developed countries. ROP is a two-phase disease, beginning with delayed retinal vascular growth after premature birth (Phase I). Phase II follows when Phase I-induced hypoxia releases factors to stimulate new blood vessel growth. Both oxygen-regulated and non-oxygen-regulated ...
Hardy Robert J - - 2004
The Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity (ETROP) study was a randomized, prospective multicenter trial comparing the safety and efficacy of earlier vs. conventionally timed ablation of the peripheral retina for the management of moderate to severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Approximately 7000 infants with birth weights <1251 g were ...
Cooke Richard W I - - 2004
PURPOSE: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a major problem among very preterm survivors of neonatal intensive care. Neovascularization of the retina is prominent in the proliferative stages of ROP and is under the control of several factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). This study was undertaken on the ...
Hameed Biju - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine trends in the incidence of severe (> or =grade 3) retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in infants with birth weight of < or =1250 g in a geographically defined population over a 10-year period. METHODS: An observational study was conducted of all infants who had a birth weight ...
Elahi Mohammed Mehboob MM Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Temple University, 1600 Arch Street, Suite 508, Philadelphia, PA 19103, USA. - - 2004
Clinical and epidemiologic studies of defined geographic populations can serve as a means of establishing data important for the diagnosis, treatment, and counseling of patients with cleft lip and cleft palate. Several descriptive epidemiologic studies have been carried out in many countries worldwide; however, no such study has ever been ...
Suri Sunjay - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe a modified appliance and treatment approach for presurgical nasoalveolar molding in infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate. METHODS: This approach uses a plate held in with outriggers, which prevents the cleft-widening effect of the tongue, helps with tongue tip placement, ...
Rush Ryan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether adverse effects manifested via vital sign changes during the screening examination for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) are due to the pharmacologic properties of the eye drops or to physical manipulation of the eyes. The authors also investigated the relationship between distress during the screening process and ...
Bell Jennifer J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine the characteristics of infants with neonatal hypoglycemia treated with growth hormone (GH) in order to gain insights into factors aiding in the identification of and timely treatment of hypopituitary neonates. STUDY DESIGN: The National Cooperative Growth Study (NCGS) database was examined to identify infants with neonatal hypoglycemia ...
Grayson Barry H - - 2004
The principle objective of presurgical nasoalveolar molding (NAM) is to reduce the severity of the initial cleft deformity. This enables the surgeon and the patient to enjoy the benefits associated with a repair of a cleft deformity that is of minimal severity. Retraction of the premaxilla, presurgical elongation of the ...
Anderson Christina G - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine if practices related to the use of pulse oximetry in the first 2 weeks following birth and after 2 weeks of age have a relationship to the rate of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and retinal ablation surgery in infants < or =1500 g. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire ...
Lammer Edward J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Orofacial clefts are etiologically heterogeneous malformations. One probable cause is maternal smoking during pregnancy. The effect of maternal smoking may be modified by genes involved in biotransformation of toxic compounds derived from tobacco. We investigated whether polymorphic variants of fetal acetyl-N-transferases 1 (NAT1) and 2 (NAT2) interact with maternal ...
McLeod Niall M H - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine the birth prevalence of cleft lip and palate (CL +/- P) in the municipality of Sucre, Bolivia. To ascertain whether the birth prevalence in this region differs significantly from birth prevalence reported in similar populations and other racial groups. RESULTS: Twenty-eight clefts were identified among 22,746 live ...
Vallino-Napoli Linda D - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To report the epidemiological characteristics of isolated cleft lip, cleft palate or both (CL +/- P and CP) using population-based data in Victoria, Australia. DESIGN: Descriptive study of a cohort of children born between 1983 and 2000 notified to the Victorian Birth Defects Register by multiple ascertainment sources. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Reedy Elizabeth A - - 2004
Nearly 50 years after it was thought to be conquered, retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) continues to cause vision disturbances and blindness among prematurely born infants. During the 1940s and early 1950s, researchers and caregivers first identified and struggled to eliminate this problem, which seemed to come from nowhere and was ...
Fledelius Hans C - - 2004
PURPOSE: As part of a current quality control to evaluate ophthalmic findings in two combined central Copenhagen neonatology centers for birth years 1999-2001, and to compare the selected sample with data of the national register for childhood visual impairment. METHODS: In a prospective design to report on 372 infants mainly ...
Dickman J David - - 2004
The development of otoconia in the utricular and saccular maculae from initial embryonic formation to adult stages was examined in Japanese quails. Both the morphology and size of the otoconia were quantified at different developmental stages. It was observed that the otoconia were initially formed on embryologic stage E5 in ...
Allegaert K - - 2004
To describe incidence, co-morbidity characteristics, and risk factors associated with threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in survivors with a gestational age (GA) of < or =26 weeks at birth. Retrospective analysis of perinatal data of all inborn survivors in all perinatal centres of Belgium in the period 1999-2000 (EpiBel cohort) ...
Fledelius Hans C - - 2004
PURPOSE: An updated analysis of the trends in a Danish county regarding retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), outlining its natural history over the years 1982-2001. METHODS: Epidemiological data are given of the 132 infants in the county with birth years 1998-2001 prospectively under surveillance for ROP. The customary national screening limits ...
York Jackie R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of arterial oxygen fluctuation on development of threshold ROP. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of 231 infants, < or =1500 g birth weight, who were admitted to Arkansas Children's Hospital NICU from January 1993 to June 1995. Fluctuation in partial pressure of dissolved arterial oxygen (PaO(2)) ...
Whittle J - - 2004
This study examines the facial surfaces of different groups of cleft babies aged up to eleven months, prior to any corrective surgery, with the aim of identifying and assessing differences in their facial morphology. Measurements of standard anthropometric landmarks were made on plaster casts taken pre-operatively of the faces of ...
Hood C A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the soft tissue features of infants with unilateral cleft lip (UCL) and unilateral complete cleft lip and palate (UCLP) prior to primary surgery and compare with noncleft controls. DESIGN: Prospective controlled capture of the facial morphology of infants using a noninvasive three-dimensional stereophotogrammetry method. PARTICIPANTS: 23 children ...
Glenny A M - - 2004
Cleft lip and cleft palate are common birth defects, affecting about one baby of every 700 born. Feeding these babies is an immediate concern and there is evidence of delay in growth of children with a cleft as compared to those without clefting. In an effort to combat reduced weight ...
Conrath John G - - 2004
PURPOSE: To describe the surveillance, results of screening, and treatment of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a university hospital setting in southeast France. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Five hundred two premature infants were included in the screening protocol between January 1997 and December 1999. Criteria for inclusion in the study were ...
Hodgkiss Justin M - - 2003
Picosecond transient absorption spectroscopy of diiron(III) mu-oxo bisporphyrins appended to xanthene, (DPX)Fe2O and (DPXM)Fe2O, and dibenzofuran (DPD)Fe2O have been investigated in order to decipher the effect of a spring-loaded cleft on their photophysics and attendant oxidation photocatalysis. The tension of the cofacial pocket is systematically tuned with the bridge span ...
Sletten Daniel W - - 2003
Management of retained deciduous second molars in the absence of permanent successors can be challenging. The purpose of this retrospective radiographic study was to examine long-term changes in retained deciduous mandibular second molars in adult patients. Specifically, we sought to answer the question, "If an adult has a retained deciduous ...
O'Connor Maureen T - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a complication seen in many very low birth weight infants. Severe ROP has been called a "marker" for severe disability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the occurrence and severity of ROP among infants < or =1250 g birth weight treated in ...
Pradat Pierre - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The possible association between oral cleft in the newborn and maternal exposure to corticoids during pregnancy is still controversial. The aim of this study was to test this association by a case-control analysis using the large multicentric MADRE database. METHODS: The MADRE database is a collection of information on ...
Ng Pak Cheung - - 2004
This longitudinal prospective study aimed to investigate the relationship between pituitary-adrenal responses and severity of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in 92 preterm, very low birth weight infants < or = 30 wk gestation. The human corticotropin releasing hormone stimulation test was performed on these infants at D 7 and 14 ...
Källén Bengt B Tornblad Institute, University of Lund, Sweden. - - 2003
To study the association between maternal drug use in early pregnancy and orofacial cleft in the infant. Register analysis based on prospectively collected information. All delivered women in Sweden July 1, 1995, through December 31, 2001. Presence of orofacial cleft in infant. Prospective information on maternal drug use during the ...
Hellström Ann - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is necessary for normal development of retinal blood vessels in mice and humans. Because retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is initiated by abnormal postnatal retinal development, we hypothesized that prolonged low IGF-I in premature infants might be a risk factor for ROP. DESIGN: We conducted ...
Lin Hui-Ju - - 2003
PURPOSE: To calculate incidence and evaluate the risk factors of the threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in very low birth-weight (VLBW, birth weight less than 1,251 gram) infants. We also compared the incidence of threshold ROP in Taiwan with those of Caucasians and Negros. Additionally, the post-conception age when threshold ...
Roulleau P - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The residual depressant effect of opioid is a major concern in infants scheduled for cleft palate repair. Remifentanil is associated with a fast and predictable recovery, independent of age. METHODS: About 40 infants in the 2-12 month age range were prospectively enrolled in this open study, to receive either ...
Abramowicz Shelly - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip, or CL, and cleft palate, or CP, are common congenital abnormalities. Birth prevalence ranges from one in every 500 to 1,000 in the white population and one in every 2,000 births in the African-American population. Etiologic and genetic factors contributing to CL and CP development are unknown ...
Ruiter E M - - 2003
The velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS), caused by a submicroscopic deletion of chromosome 22q11, is the most common syndrome that has palatal anomalies as a major feature. A possible strategy for early detection of VCFS is routine screening for 22q11 deletions in all infants with cleft palate (CP). The purpose of this ...
Clark J D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between socioeconomic status and orofacial clefts (OFC) in Scotland. DESIGN: Study of prevalence at birth over a 10-year period using an area-based measure of material deprivation. SETTING: Population-based study throughout Scotland. PARTICIPANTS: Eight hundred thirty-four live births with OFC ...
Sammartino M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants often require surgery. As experimental evidence suggests that premature infants may experience pain and this could even result in fatal complications, the anaesthesiologist must face problems related to lowbirth weight, high risk of hypothermia, concomitant pulmonary disease and metabolic and receptor immaturity. Recently remifentanil has been considered ...
DeRoo Lisa A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: To characterize the prevalence of orofacial cleft malformations and investigate variations in prevalence according to maternal and infant characteristics, we analyzed a cohort of 298,138 live births delivered between 1987 and 1990 to residents of Washington State. METHODS: Infants with cleft defects were identified using a statewide, population-based birth ...
Salazar Ignacio - - 2003
Four lectins -the galactose-specific BSI-B(4) (from Bandeiraea simplicifolia), the N-acetyl-galactosamine-specific DBA (from Dolichos biflorus), the L-fucose-specific UEA-I (from Ulex europaeus) and the (oligomeric N-acetylglucosamine)-specific LEA (from Lycopersicum esculentum)- were used to study the vomeronasal organ, vomeronasal nerves and accessory olfactory bulb of the mouse on embryonic days 11, 13, 15, ...
Prahl Charlotte C Department of Orthodontics and Oral Biology, University Medical Center St Radboud, The - - 2003
To study the effect of infant orthopedics (IO) on maxillary arch form and position of the alveolar segments. Prospective two-arm randomized, controlled trial in parallel with three participating academic cleft palate centers. Treatment was assigned by means of a computerized balanced allocation method. Cleft palate centers of Amsterdam, Nijmegen, and ...
Phan Mai Hong - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Although retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of childhood blindness, its impact in lower income countries is not well documented. The World Health Organization has proclaimed that infants at risk for ROP should have screening eye examinations and access to treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study ...
Berman Susan L - - 2003
Desert rodents that consume halophytic plants must have adaptations for coping with the high salt content of the leaves. A kidney capable of excreting very concentrated urine is one method. Another is removal of the hypersaline epidermis by means of chisel-like incisors prior to ingestion of the leaves. Tympanoctomys barrerae ...
Rojvachiranonda Nond - - 2003
Distraction osteogenesis (DO) has recently been applied to the palate. Successful posterior lengthening and medial advancement of the palates was continuously reported. Based on these studies, it is obvious that DO will play a major role in the management of problems related to palatal defects in the near future. Although ...
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