Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1112
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Darlow B A - - 2005
To analyse variations in rates of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network (ANZNN), adjusting for sampling variability and for case mix. 25 NICUs were included in the study of 2105 infants born at less than 29 weeks ...
Mrugacz Malgorzata - - 2006
PURPOSE: We assess the incidence of macular changes in ROP patients with retinal hemorrhages. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The premature group consisted of 360 children born 32 weeks gestation and/or with weight below 1,500 g. We used the RetCam-120 Digital Retinal Camera to document retinal changes. RESULTS: Of the 360 premature ...
Curran Christine P - - 2006
Polybrominated biphenyl (PBB) exposure in humans is known to cause immunotoxicity and disorders related to the central nervous system. Coplanar PBBs bind to the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) in vertebrates. We compared the coplanar PBB, 3,3',4,4',5,5'-hexabromobiphenyl (cHBB), with its stereoisomer, the non-coplanar PBB, 2,2',4,4'6,6'-hexabromobiphenyl (ncHBB), using C57BL/6J (B6) inbred mice ...
Liao Yu-Fang - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify the long-term effects of clefts (intrinsic and functional) on craniofacial growth and to evaluate the possible association between the sizes of the cleft maxillary segment (intrinsic) and alveolar cleft (functional) and the craniofacial morphology in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. ...
Pai Betty Chien-Jung - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess nostril symmetry and alveolar cleft width in infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate following presurgical nasoalveolar molding (NAM). SAMPLE AND METHODS: Fifty-seven newborn patients underwent presurgical nasoalveolar molding. Magnified basal view facial photos were taken at four different times: initial visit (T1), before cheiloplasty (T2), 1 ...
Quinn Mark A - - 2005
The potential for disproportionately altering outcome in the early stages of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was first hypothesized in the early 1990s. This window of opportunity hypothesis for therapeutic intervention in RA is based on the existence of a time frame within which there is a potential for a greater response ...
Maruoka Keiko - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report a rare case of Coats' disease in a 3-month-old male infant. METHOD: Interventional case report. We examined a male infant, born at 33 weeks of gestation, who did not receive ventilation with oxygen after birth. RESULT: In this patient, the left fundus showed telangiectasia and tortuosity at ...
Kim Seok-Kwun SK Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Dong-A University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea. - - 2005
Simultaneous surgical correction of bilateral cleft lip and nasal deformity is becoming more common. This is a major change from the conventional strategy of secondary nasal correction. Thirty patients with bilateral cleft lip and nasal deformity were repaired using the Mulliken method between July of 1997 and December of 2002. ...
Lubetzky Ronit - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to examine hematologic indices of potential intrauterine hypoxia, including circulating nucleated red blood cells, lymphocytes, and platelets in preterm infants who developed retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) compared with suitable controls. We hypothesized that higher neonatal absolute nucleated red blood cell (ANRBC) and ...
Ertl Tibor - - 2006
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a multifactorial vasoproliferative retinal disorder that increases in incidence with decreasing gestational age. Recently, an association between hyperglycemia and severe ROP was found in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possible relation between hyperglycemia and ROP ...
Jones R M - - 2005
The aim of the study was to compare the incidence of sella turcica bridging and sella turcica dimensions in 150 Caucasian subjects who had combined surgical-orthodontic correction of their malocclusion with a randomly selected group of 150 Caucasian subjects who were treated contemporaneously by orthodontic means only. Pretreatment lateral cephalometric ...
Hatsukawa Yoshikazu - - 2005
PURPOSE: To compare the outcome of early treatment at the initial stage 3 moderate phase of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) with that at prethreshold ROP. METHODS: The outcome of treatment of 117 very-low-birth-weight infants was reviewed. Sixty-eight infants underwent their first treatment at prethreshold ROP (group A). The other 49 ...
Qu Jia - - 2006
We have used carbocyanine dye tracing from the brachium of the superior colliculus in conjunction with Nissl staining and immunohistochemistry to GAP-43 and calretinin to study the development of retinal projections to the superior colliculus in 17 human embryos and fetuses aged from 8 to 28 weeks. Lamination of the ...
Harville Emily W - - 2005
Cleft lip defects are usually regarded as a single entity, with the assumption that an accompanying cleft palate represents the more severe form. The authors linked data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway with medical records from two centralized centers to provide a population-based data set. They assessed the ...
Fledelius Hans C - - 2005
PURPOSE: To present the occasional observation of retinal haemorrhages in premature babies, as a diagnostic alternative to those observed as part of shaken baby syndrome. METHODS: We carried out an observational study on 11 infants in whom retinal and/or vitreous haemorrhages had been observed within their first months of life. ...
Lang Dustin M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Black race affords some protection from retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), but more ROP was previously found in another darkly pigmented race, the Alaskan natives. DESIGN: From fall 1989 through summer 2003, all Alaskan infants with a birth weight of 1500 g or less were examined, documenting mother's stated race, ...
Azad Rajvardhan - - 2005
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vasoproliferative disorder of the retina that occurs in premature and low birth weight babies. Stages of ROP are 1, 2, 3, 4A, 4B and 5. There are three zones I, II and III. Screening is essential to detect ROP. Whom, when and how to ...
Good William V - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in the Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity (ETROP) Study and compare these results with those reported in the Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity (CRYO-ROP) Study. METHODS: The ETROP Study, as part of its protocol, screened 6998 infants at 26 ...
Blackledge Jon - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Most infants cry with lid speculum, scleral depression and indirect ophthalmoscopy. This simple observation, "did the infant cry?" during the initial 31-week ROP screening exam was prospectively studied. METHODS: From Fall 1989 through Summer 2003, all Alaskan infants with birthweight < or = 1500 grams were examined by RWA. ...
Zhu Huiping - - 2005
Abnormalities in folate and/or homocysteine metabolism may adversely influence embryonic development, leading to the birth of infants with a variety of congenital malformations, including neural tube defects (NTDs) and craniofacial abnormalities. Based upon suggestive evidence that periconceptional folic acid supplementation is effective in preventing a significant proportion of the aforementioned ...
Merritt Linda - - 2005
Cleft lip and cleft palate (CL/CP) are the most commonly occurring craniofacial birth defects. Although some CL/CPs are detected on prenatal ultrasound, the majority are immediately recognized in the delivery room. Part 1 of this 2-part article, "Understanding the Embryology and Genetics of Cleft Lip and Palate," presented the embryology ...
Slavotinek Anne - - 2005
Duplications of organs and/or tissues are rare in morphogenesis and have frequently been attributed to incomplete twinning. To further elucidate the phenotypes associated with organ duplications, we present three infants with duplication of the pituitary gland (DPG). A review of previously reported cases with DPG showed that the commonest additional ...
Nelson Caleb P - - 2005
PURPOSE: Although bladder exstrophy is much discussed in the urology literature, there are few population based epidemiological data available for this rare condition. The purpose of this study was to use a large nationwide database to collect contemporary data on the incidence and demographics of bladder exstrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Hashmi Syed Shahrukh - - 2005
Nonsyndromic cleft lip with/without cleft palate (NSCLP) and nonsyndromic cleft palate only (NSCPO) are common complex birth defects affecting 4,000 newborns annually. We undertook a descriptive study of oral clefts in Texas, focusing on the effect of folic acid fortification and Hispanic ethnicity on the prevalence of oral clefts as ...
Haines L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is one of the few causes of childhood blindness in which severe vision impairment is largely preventable. Ophthalmic screening for ROP is required to identify disease that requires treatment whereby the development of potentially blinding disease can be minimised. OBJECTIVES: To make the first UK ...
Martins E N - - 2005
The success of the treatment in patients with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is mainly associated with timely diagnosis and appropriate management. Information dissemination is crucial for the outcome of ROP. This study aimed to evaluate the quality of the information about ROP available for patients on the internet. Cross sectional ...
Merritt Linda - - 2005
Craniofacial birth defects are the fourth most common congenital anomaly in newborns. Cleft lip and cleft palate (CL/CP) are the most common and immediately recognizable craniofacial anomalies. Some are diagnosed prenatally on ultrasound; more often, they are first noted in the delivery room. The infant may have a cleft that ...
Darlow Brian A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify prenatal and perinatal risk factors for clinically severe (stage 3 or 4) retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Data were collected prospectively as part of the ongoing Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network audit of high-risk infants (birth weight of <1500 g or gestational age [GA] of <32 ...
Gilbert Clare - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a potentially avoidable cause of blindness in children. The proportion of blindness as a result of ROP varies greatly among countries depending on their level of development, being influenced by the availability of neonatal care, neonatal outcomes, and whether effective screening and treatment programs ...
Ziai Mandana N - - 2005
The purpose of this article is to describe two cases of bilateral cleft lip and palate with natal/neonatal teeth. Clinical features, prevalence, possible complications, and treatment modalities are discussed. Two patients with cleft lip and palate and natal/neonatal teeth are described. The first patient was a 4-week-old infant with bilateral ...
Shah V A - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: To determine the incidence, risk factors and need for surgery for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all VLBW infants managed by the department over 14 years, from 1988 to 2001. Preterm infants were examined according to the ...
Prahl Charlotte - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of infant orthopedics (IO) on feeding, weight, and length. DESIGN: Prospective two-arm randomized controlled trial in three academic Cleft Palate Centers. Treatment allocation was concealed and performed by means of a computerized balanced allocation method. SETTING: Cleft Palate Centers of Amsterdam, Nijmegen, and Rotterdam, the ...
Ngai Cora W - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between cleft lip and/or palate and perinatal mortality. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of cases of cleft lip/palate born to West Midlands residents from 1995 to 1997. Perinatal mortality for identified cases was compared with all births from 1995 to 1997. RESULTS: 347 cases ...
Lawrenson John G - - 2005
The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of lipid layer thickness and corneal sensation in the development of blinking in neonates. The study group comprised sixty-four neonates and infants (mean age 27.5 +/- 15 (sd) weeks, range 3.4-52) whose mothers were attending a general practice healthy baby ...
Ells A - - 2005
PURPOSE: To test the effectiveness of our Canadian retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening guidelines as applied to high-risk premature infants. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal cohort study. SUBJECTS: A total of 969 infants were examined longitudinally between 1991 and 2000 and 46 of these infants screened were treated for severe ROP. ...
Liu Po-Mai - - 2005
There are many risk factors contributing to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Some are still controversial, including the use of glucocorticoid and intraventricular hemorrhage. Hence, a retrospective study was performed to evaluate the association between the suspected risk factors and ROP in a medical center in southern Taiwan. One hundred fifty-nine ...
Nishimura Takeshi - - 2005
The hyoid bone and larynx in human neonates are positioned as high as in other mammals. However, during postnatal life, they descend relative to the hard palate more rapidly compared with the horizontal growth of the oral cavity. This process is completed through the descent of the laryngeal skeleton relative ...
Vannay Adám - - 2005
The intention of our retrospective study was to determine whether vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) genetic polymorphisms are associated with risk for proliferative retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a condition that is characterized by abnormal retinal neovascularization and can lead to retinal detachment and result in blindness. We enrolled 86 very ...
Bánsky R - - 2005
Orofacial clefts are common congenital anomalies. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence in Western Slovakia. The study material were the case records of infants from the Bratislava and Western Slovakia regions, born between 1985 and 2000, and operated on in the Department of Plastic Surgery, Faculty ...
Kirchner Lieselotte - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The neonatal regional tertiary care center of the University of Vienna (VC) has been a member of the Vermont Oxford Neonatal Network (VONN) since 1994. During the period 1994--2002, important differences between the VC and the VONN in both pre- and postnatal management and in late morbidities such as ...
Termote J U M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: As screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is costly, time-consuming for the ophthalmologist and discomforting for the neonate, the minimum number of infants should be screened for ROP, without missing infants with severe ROP, at risk for threshold ROP. OBJECTIVES: To develop a diagnostic screening guideline for ROP that ...
Zeiger Joanna S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis was performed to examine the association among maternal cigarette smoking, infant genotype at the Taq1 site in the transforming growth factor alpha (TGFA) locus, and risk of nonsyndromic oral clefts, both cleft palate (CP) and cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P). DESIGN: Five published case-control ...
Yang Ko-Jen - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We report on the experience of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) at Chang Gang Memorial Hospital (CGMH), Keelung, Taiwan over a 10-year period. METHODS: A retrospective review was made of data of all premature infants with a diagnosis of ROP at Keelung CGMH between 1994 and 2003. Data on certain ...
Rush Ryan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine if pain and distress during the retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening examination could be ameliorated by providing comfort care. STUDY DESIGN: This study was a prospective, randomized, controlled trial of 30 stable preterm infants who underwent initial ROP screening examinations. Fourteen ...
Karna Padmani - - 2005
Increased survival of extremely low birth infants due to advances in antenatal and neonatal care has resulted in a population of infants at high risk of developing retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Therapeutic interventions include the use of antenatal and postnatal steroids however, their effects on the severity of ROP is ...
Hohoff Ariane - - 2005
It has been hypothesized that prematurity and adjunctive neonatal care is 'a priori' a risk for disturbances of palatal and orofacial development which increases the need for later orthodontic or orthognathic treatment. As results on late consequences of prematurity are consistently contradictory, the necessity exists for a fundamental analysis of ...
Hohoff Ariane - - 2005
The evidence on prematurity as 'a priori' a risk for palatal disturbances that increase the need for orthodontic or orthognathic treatment is still weak. Further well-designed clinical studies are needed. The objective of this review is to provide a fundamental analysis of methodologies, confounding factors, and outcomes of studies on ...
Hohoff Ariane - - 2005
Well-designed clinical studies on the palatal development in preterm and low birthweight infants are desirable because the literature is characterized by contradictory results. It could be shown that knowledge about 'normal' palatal development is still weak as well (Part 1). The objective of this review is therefore to contribute a ...
Ibarra Michael S - - 2004
The management of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) has changed over the last 20 years. Screening and treatment protocols have been established to provide timely therapy to infants at risk. Cryotherapy, laser photoablation, vitrectomy, and scleral buckling have proven effective but also have inherent risks of complications. The anterior segment complications ...
Mitsuyoshi Iino - - 2004
This paper reports a new preoperative nasoalveolar molding (PNAM) for infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate. The nasal stent of this PNAM is made of cobalt-chrome wire (1mm in diameter). A loop about 3mm in diameter in the middle of the stent enables precise manual control of the force ...
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