Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1093
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Zhu Huiping - - 2005
Abnormalities in folate and/or homocysteine metabolism may adversely influence embryonic development, leading to the birth of infants with a variety of congenital malformations, including neural tube defects (NTDs) and craniofacial abnormalities. Based upon suggestive evidence that periconceptional folic acid supplementation is effective in preventing a significant proportion of the aforementioned ...
Merritt Linda - - 2005
Cleft lip and cleft palate (CL/CP) are the most commonly occurring craniofacial birth defects. Although some CL/CPs are detected on prenatal ultrasound, the majority are immediately recognized in the delivery room. Part 1 of this 2-part article, "Understanding the Embryology and Genetics of Cleft Lip and Palate," presented the embryology ...
Slavotinek Anne - - 2005
Duplications of organs and/or tissues are rare in morphogenesis and have frequently been attributed to incomplete twinning. To further elucidate the phenotypes associated with organ duplications, we present three infants with duplication of the pituitary gland (DPG). A review of previously reported cases with DPG showed that the commonest additional ...
Nelson Caleb P - - 2005
PURPOSE: Although bladder exstrophy is much discussed in the urology literature, there are few population based epidemiological data available for this rare condition. The purpose of this study was to use a large nationwide database to collect contemporary data on the incidence and demographics of bladder exstrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Hashmi Syed Shahrukh - - 2005
Nonsyndromic cleft lip with/without cleft palate (NSCLP) and nonsyndromic cleft palate only (NSCPO) are common complex birth defects affecting 4,000 newborns annually. We undertook a descriptive study of oral clefts in Texas, focusing on the effect of folic acid fortification and Hispanic ethnicity on the prevalence of oral clefts as ...
Haines L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is one of the few causes of childhood blindness in which severe vision impairment is largely preventable. Ophthalmic screening for ROP is required to identify disease that requires treatment whereby the development of potentially blinding disease can be minimised. OBJECTIVES: To make the first UK ...
Martins E N - - 2005
The success of the treatment in patients with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is mainly associated with timely diagnosis and appropriate management. Information dissemination is crucial for the outcome of ROP. This study aimed to evaluate the quality of the information about ROP available for patients on the internet. Cross sectional ...
Merritt Linda - - 2005
Craniofacial birth defects are the fourth most common congenital anomaly in newborns. Cleft lip and cleft palate (CL/CP) are the most common and immediately recognizable craniofacial anomalies. Some are diagnosed prenatally on ultrasound; more often, they are first noted in the delivery room. The infant may have a cleft that ...
Darlow Brian A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify prenatal and perinatal risk factors for clinically severe (stage 3 or 4) retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Data were collected prospectively as part of the ongoing Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network audit of high-risk infants (birth weight of <1500 g or gestational age [GA] of <32 ...
Gilbert Clare - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a potentially avoidable cause of blindness in children. The proportion of blindness as a result of ROP varies greatly among countries depending on their level of development, being influenced by the availability of neonatal care, neonatal outcomes, and whether effective screening and treatment programs ...
Ziai Mandana N - - 2005
The purpose of this article is to describe two cases of bilateral cleft lip and palate with natal/neonatal teeth. Clinical features, prevalence, possible complications, and treatment modalities are discussed. Two patients with cleft lip and palate and natal/neonatal teeth are described. The first patient was a 4-week-old infant with bilateral ...
Shah V A - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: To determine the incidence, risk factors and need for surgery for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all VLBW infants managed by the department over 14 years, from 1988 to 2001. Preterm infants were examined according to the ...
Prahl Charlotte - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of infant orthopedics (IO) on feeding, weight, and length. DESIGN: Prospective two-arm randomized controlled trial in three academic Cleft Palate Centers. Treatment allocation was concealed and performed by means of a computerized balanced allocation method. SETTING: Cleft Palate Centers of Amsterdam, Nijmegen, and Rotterdam, the ...
Ngai Cora W - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between cleft lip and/or palate and perinatal mortality. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of cases of cleft lip/palate born to West Midlands residents from 1995 to 1997. Perinatal mortality for identified cases was compared with all births from 1995 to 1997. RESULTS: 347 cases ...
Lawrenson John G - - 2005
The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of lipid layer thickness and corneal sensation in the development of blinking in neonates. The study group comprised sixty-four neonates and infants (mean age 27.5 +/- 15 (sd) weeks, range 3.4-52) whose mothers were attending a general practice healthy baby ...
Ells A - - 2005
PURPOSE: To test the effectiveness of our Canadian retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening guidelines as applied to high-risk premature infants. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal cohort study. SUBJECTS: A total of 969 infants were examined longitudinally between 1991 and 2000 and 46 of these infants screened were treated for severe ROP. ...
Liu Po-Mai - - 2005
There are many risk factors contributing to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Some are still controversial, including the use of glucocorticoid and intraventricular hemorrhage. Hence, a retrospective study was performed to evaluate the association between the suspected risk factors and ROP in a medical center in southern Taiwan. One hundred fifty-nine ...
Nishimura Takeshi - - 2005
The hyoid bone and larynx in human neonates are positioned as high as in other mammals. However, during postnatal life, they descend relative to the hard palate more rapidly compared with the horizontal growth of the oral cavity. This process is completed through the descent of the laryngeal skeleton relative ...
Vannay Adám - - 2005
The intention of our retrospective study was to determine whether vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) genetic polymorphisms are associated with risk for proliferative retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a condition that is characterized by abnormal retinal neovascularization and can lead to retinal detachment and result in blindness. We enrolled 86 very ...
Bánsky R - - 2005
Orofacial clefts are common congenital anomalies. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence in Western Slovakia. The study material were the case records of infants from the Bratislava and Western Slovakia regions, born between 1985 and 2000, and operated on in the Department of Plastic Surgery, Faculty ...
Kirchner Lieselotte - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The neonatal regional tertiary care center of the University of Vienna (VC) has been a member of the Vermont Oxford Neonatal Network (VONN) since 1994. During the period 1994--2002, important differences between the VC and the VONN in both pre- and postnatal management and in late morbidities such as ...
Termote J U M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: As screening for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is costly, time-consuming for the ophthalmologist and discomforting for the neonate, the minimum number of infants should be screened for ROP, without missing infants with severe ROP, at risk for threshold ROP. OBJECTIVES: To develop a diagnostic screening guideline for ROP that ...
Zeiger Joanna S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis was performed to examine the association among maternal cigarette smoking, infant genotype at the Taq1 site in the transforming growth factor alpha (TGFA) locus, and risk of nonsyndromic oral clefts, both cleft palate (CP) and cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P). DESIGN: Five published case-control ...
Yang Ko-Jen - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We report on the experience of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) at Chang Gang Memorial Hospital (CGMH), Keelung, Taiwan over a 10-year period. METHODS: A retrospective review was made of data of all premature infants with a diagnosis of ROP at Keelung CGMH between 1994 and 2003. Data on certain ...
Rush Ryan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine if pain and distress during the retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening examination could be ameliorated by providing comfort care. STUDY DESIGN: This study was a prospective, randomized, controlled trial of 30 stable preterm infants who underwent initial ROP screening examinations. Fourteen ...
Karna Padmani - - 2005
Increased survival of extremely low birth infants due to advances in antenatal and neonatal care has resulted in a population of infants at high risk of developing retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Therapeutic interventions include the use of antenatal and postnatal steroids however, their effects on the severity of ROP is ...
Hohoff Ariane - - 2005
It has been hypothesized that prematurity and adjunctive neonatal care is 'a priori' a risk for disturbances of palatal and orofacial development which increases the need for later orthodontic or orthognathic treatment. As results on late consequences of prematurity are consistently contradictory, the necessity exists for a fundamental analysis of ...
Hohoff Ariane - - 2005
The evidence on prematurity as 'a priori' a risk for palatal disturbances that increase the need for orthodontic or orthognathic treatment is still weak. Further well-designed clinical studies are needed. The objective of this review is to provide a fundamental analysis of methodologies, confounding factors, and outcomes of studies on ...
Hohoff Ariane - - 2005
Well-designed clinical studies on the palatal development in preterm and low birthweight infants are desirable because the literature is characterized by contradictory results. It could be shown that knowledge about 'normal' palatal development is still weak as well (Part 1). The objective of this review is therefore to contribute a ...
Ibarra Michael S - - 2004
The management of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) has changed over the last 20 years. Screening and treatment protocols have been established to provide timely therapy to infants at risk. Cryotherapy, laser photoablation, vitrectomy, and scleral buckling have proven effective but also have inherent risks of complications. The anterior segment complications ...
Mitsuyoshi Iino - - 2004
This paper reports a new preoperative nasoalveolar molding (PNAM) for infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate. The nasal stent of this PNAM is made of cobalt-chrome wire (1mm in diameter). A loop about 3mm in diameter in the middle of the stent enables precise manual control of the force ...
Schulenburg W E - - 2004
To investigate the clinical observations that arteriovenous shunts typical of threshold retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) are morphologically different in extremely low birthweight infants weighing less than 1000 g. An observational case series of six extremely low birthweight infants displaying specific features of threshold retinopathy of prematurity enrolled between 1998 and ...
White Jill E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize the soft tissue facial features of infants without cleft and to report on the correlation between these with weight, length, and head circumference. DESIGN: This was a prospective study using a noninvasive three-dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry (C3D) system to capture the images ...
Goodacre Tim E E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether attractiveness and success of surgical outcome differ according to the timing of cleft lip repair. DESIGN: Three experiments were conducted: (1) surgeons rated postoperative medical photographs of infants having either neonatal or 3-month lip repair; (2) lay panelists rated the same photographs; (3) lay panelists rated ...
Alves Karina Mirela Ribeiro Pinto - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of palatal and alveolar cysts in babies with cleft lip and/or palate. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Hospital for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies, University of São Paulo (HRAC-USP), Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred ninety-one Caucasian babies divided into four groups according to the type of ...
Dutta Sourabh - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors which predispose to the development of threshold retinopathy of prematurity among patients of retinopathy of prematurity. METHODS: The ROP clinic records of a 3 year period were retrospectively studied to identify babies with threshold ROP (T-ROP) and sub-threshold ROP (ST-ROP). Various antenatal and perinatal ...
Chiang Michael F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the current incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in New York state. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Newborn infants (15 691) with initial hospital length of stay >28 days and date of discharge from January 1, 1996, to December 31, 2000. Subjects were identified from the New ...
Marakoglu Kamile - - 2004
Natal/neonatal teeth are very common in children with complete unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate. This article outlines a patient with intrauterine growth retardation, anencephaly, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, two maxillary first natal incisor teeth, cleft palate, short neck, low-set ears, hypertelorism, retrognathia, and simian-line on the ...
Hadziselimovic Faruk - - 2004
The aim of this study was to describe the development of Ad spermatogonia in both unilateral and bilateral cryptorchid infants compared to a control population of comparable age and to note particularly the fate of Ad spermatogonia during the normal surge of testosterone and gonadotropin. The incidence and development of ...
Hameed Biju - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine trends in the incidence of severe (> or =grade 3) retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in infants with birth weight of < or =1250 g in a geographically defined population over a 10-year period. METHODS: An observational study was conducted of all infants who had a birth weight ...
Smith Lois E H - - 2004
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a major cause of blindness in children in developed countries. ROP is a two-phase disease, beginning with delayed retinal vascular growth after premature birth (Phase I). Phase II follows when Phase I-induced hypoxia releases factors to stimulate new blood vessel growth. Both oxygen-regulated and non-oxygen-regulated ...
Cooke Richard W I - - 2004
PURPOSE: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a major problem among very preterm survivors of neonatal intensive care. Neovascularization of the retina is prominent in the proliferative stages of ROP and is under the control of several factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). This study was undertaken on the ...
Hardy Robert J - - 2004
The Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity (ETROP) study was a randomized, prospective multicenter trial comparing the safety and efficacy of earlier vs. conventionally timed ablation of the peripheral retina for the management of moderate to severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Approximately 7000 infants with birth weights <1251 g were ...
Suri Sunjay - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe a modified appliance and treatment approach for presurgical nasoalveolar molding in infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate. METHODS: This approach uses a plate held in with outriggers, which prevents the cleft-widening effect of the tongue, helps with tongue tip placement, ...
Elahi Mohammed Mehboob - - 2004
Clinical and epidemiologic studies of defined geographic populations can serve as a means of establishing data important for the diagnosis, treatment, and counseling of patients with cleft lip and cleft palate. Several descriptive epidemiologic studies have been carried out in many countries worldwide; however, no such study has ever been ...
Grayson Barry H - - 2004
The principle objective of presurgical nasoalveolar molding (NAM) is to reduce the severity of the initial cleft deformity. This enables the surgeon and the patient to enjoy the benefits associated with a repair of a cleft deformity that is of minimal severity. Retraction of the premaxilla, presurgical elongation of the ...
Bell Jennifer J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine the characteristics of infants with neonatal hypoglycemia treated with growth hormone (GH) in order to gain insights into factors aiding in the identification of and timely treatment of hypopituitary neonates. STUDY DESIGN: The National Cooperative Growth Study (NCGS) database was examined to identify infants with neonatal hypoglycemia ...
Rush Ryan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether adverse effects manifested via vital sign changes during the screening examination for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) are due to the pharmacologic properties of the eye drops or to physical manipulation of the eyes. The authors also investigated the relationship between distress during the screening process and ...
Anderson Christina G - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine if practices related to the use of pulse oximetry in the first 2 weeks following birth and after 2 weeks of age have a relationship to the rate of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and retinal ablation surgery in infants < or =1500 g. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire ...
McLeod Niall M H - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine the birth prevalence of cleft lip and palate (CL +/- P) in the municipality of Sucre, Bolivia. To ascertain whether the birth prevalence in this region differs significantly from birth prevalence reported in similar populations and other racial groups. RESULTS: Twenty-eight clefts were identified among 22,746 live ...
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