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Zhu Dandan D The Ritchie Centre, Monash Institute of Medical Research, Clayton, Victoria, - - 2014
The severely preterm infant receives a multitude of life-saving interventions, many of which carry risks of serious side effects. Cell therapy is an important and promising arm of regenerative medicine that may address a number of these problems. Most forms of cellular therapy use stem/progenitor cells or stem-like cells, which ...
van Imhoff Deirdre E - - 2012
ObjectiveTo evaluate phototherapy practices by measuring the irradiance levels of phototherapy (PT) devices.DesignProspective study.SettingTertiary neonatal intensive care units.PatientsNone.InterventionsIrradiance levels of PT devices used in the 10 Dutch Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) were measured according to the local PT practice patterns. The irradiance levels of all overhead and fibre-optic PT ...
Wingate Martha S - - 2011
The purpose was to examine changes in overall and gestational age-specific proportions and rates of fetal death, first day death (<24 h), and combined fetal-first day death from 1990-1991 to 2001-2002. Changes were considered by race/ethnicity. Deliveries to U.S. white, black, and Hispanic mothers were selected from the NCHS linked live ...
Zanjani Keyhan Sayadpour - - 2011
A male infant with high-output heart failure who had been found to have a hepatic arteriovenous malformation by ultrasound imaging was referred to our center (Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran) for further evaluation. Computed tomography angiography revealed ...
Liu Xu - - 2012
Contamination of Cronobacter spp. (Enterobacter sakazakii) in infant formulas and other food products is a severe problem. Here a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was developed for rapidly detecting Cronobacter spp. in powdered infant formula. Sequences of 16S/23S rDNA internal intergenic spacer of Cronobacter spp. were used as the target ...
Cox Reagan G - - 2011
The objective of the study is to identify racial disparities in prenatal care (PNC) utilization and to examine the relationship between PNC and preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW) and infant mortality in Mississippi. Retrospective cohort from 1996 to 2003 linked Mississippi birth and infant death files was used. ...
Dunlop Anne L - - 2011
To investigate the nature of very low birth weight (VLBW) births in Georgia-a major contributor to the overall and the black-white disparity in infant mortality-as a step toward elucidating strategies for reducing VLBW births. This population-based retrospective cohort study utilized maternally linked vital records data from Georgia to examine the ...
Slater Megan E - - 2011
Several case-control studies have evaluated associations between maternal smoking, alcohol consumption and illicit drug use during pregnancy and risk of childhood leukaemia. Few studies have specifically focused on infants (<1 year) with leukaemia, a group that is biologically and clinically distinct from older children. We present data from a Children's ...
Alio Amina P - - 2011
We sought to assess the contribution of paternal involvement to racial disparities in infant mortality. Using vital records data from singleton births in Florida between 1998 and 2005, we generated odds ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (CI), and preventative fractions to assess the association between paternal involvement and infant mortality. ...
Ferré Cynthia - - 2011
We examined trends in low birth weight (LBW, <2,500 g) rates among US singleton non-Hispanic black infants between 1991 and 2004. We conducted Joinpoint regression analyses, using birth certificate data, to describe trends in LBW, moderately LBW (MLBW, 1,500-2,499 g), and very LBW (VLBW, <1,500 g) rates. We then conducted ...
Wilson Ann L - - 2011
The year 2009 brought the second consecutive year of a decreased number of births, declining from the recent 2007 crest noted in the state and nationwide. This decrease could be an echo from the decline in births noted after the 1980 crest or could also reflect effects of the economic ...
- - 2011
LaAsmar v. Phelps Dodge Corp. Life, Accidental Death & Dismemberment & Dependent Life Ins. Plan, 605 F3d 789, 2010 WL 1794437(10th Cir. 2010). A death caused by an alcohol-related automobile collision qualifies as an "accident" that would require payment of accidental death and dismemberment plan benefits.
Maguiness Sheilagh M - - 2010
To evaluate the relationship between early white discoloration of infantile hemangioma (IH) and ulceration. Retrospective cohort study. Tertiary referral center. A case series of 11 infants with early white discoloration of IH are described. An additional 55 infants with IH, aged 3 months, were evaluated retrospectively from a photograph archive ...
Ward Trina C Salm - - 2010
A national study found that infants born in low socioeconomic areas had the worst infant mortality rates (IMRs) and the highest racial disparity. Racial disparities in birth outcomes are also evident in the city of Milwaukee, with African American infants at 3 times greater the risk than white infants. This ...
Mathews T J - - 2010
In 2008, state-specific teenage birth rates varied widely, from less than 25.0 per 1,000 15-19 year olds to more than 60.0. Rates for non-Hispanic white and Hispanic teenagers were uniformly higher in the Southeast and lower in the Northeast and California. The highest rates for non-Hispanic black teenagers were reported ...
Kramer Michael R - - 2010
Residential isolation segregation (a measure of residential inter-racial exposure) has been associated with rates of preterm birth (<37 weeks gestation) experienced by Black women. Epidemiologic differences between very preterm (<32 weeks gestation) and moderately preterm births (32-36 weeks) raise questions about whether this association is similar across gestational ages, and ...
Haines Michael R - - 2011
The "Antebellum Puzzle" has been the subject of comment since the 1980s. It involves the paradox that, although the American economy was experiencing rapid economic growth in the several decades prior to the Civil War (1861-1865), the stature of native-born white males had been declining for the birth cohorts from ...
Wood Joanne N - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in a national database the association of race and socioeconomic status with radiographic evaluation and subsequent diagnosis of child abuse after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in infants. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of infants with non-motor vehicle-associated TBI who were admitted to 39 pediatric hospitals from ...
Oliva Geraldine - - 2010
African American infant mortality rates (IMR) in San Francisco have remained 2.5 to three times those of Whites for over 20 years. METHODS: A 69-item telephone survey of African American residents in four neighborhoods with the most African American births assessed awareness of IMR disparities, associated risks, and social capital. ...
Lourenco Stella F - - 2010
Behavioral demonstrations of reciprocal interactions among the dimensions of space, number, and time, along with evidence of shared neural mechanisms in posterior parietal cortex, are consistent with a common representational code for general magnitude information. Although much recent speculation has concerned the developmental origins of a system of general magnitude ...
Gold Katherine J KJ Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48104-1213, USA. - - 2010
Although births of multiracial and multiethnic infants are becoming more common in the United States, little is known about birth outcomes and risks for adverse events. We evaluated risk of fetal death for mixed race couples compared with same race couples and examined the role of prematurity and low birth ...
Lee Henry Chong - - 2010
Whether the traditional definition of small for gestational age (SGA) is an appropriate marker of risk for populations that have relatively lower birthweight is unclear. We determined proportions of White and Asian Indian SGA infants and those admitted to the special care nursery. Compared with White infants, Asian Indian infants ...
Schempf Ashley H - - 2010
We examined characteristics and birth outcomes of Asian/Pacific Islander (API) mothers to determine whether differences in outcomes existed between mothers of single race/ethnicity and multiple race/ethnicity. We used data from California and Hawaii birth certificates from 2003 through 2005 to describe variation in birth outcomes for API subgroups by self-reported ...
Benjamin Bonna G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The worldwide prevalence of gastroschisis is increasing. Maternal age, race/ethnicity, and place of residence have been associated with increased risk. METHODS: We obtained descriptive characteristics of mothers of infants with gastroschisis and mothers of all live births from the Texas Birth Defects Registry and Texas vital records for 1999-2003. ...
Burris Heather H - - 2010
PURPOSE: In the United States, African American women deliver preterm and low birth weight infants two to three times more frequently than their white counterparts. Our objective was to determine whether maternal periconceptional multivitamin (MVI) use is associated with this disparity. METHODS: As a secondary analysis of previously collected data ...
Shaw Richard J RJ Department of Health Sciences, University of York, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD, UK. - - 2010
We investigated whether mothers from ethnic minority groups have better pregnancy outcomes when they live in counties with higher densities of people from the same ethnic group-despite such areas tending to be more socioeconomically deprived. In a population-based US study, we used multilevel logistic regression analysis to test whether same-ethnic ...
Khanani Intisar - - 2010
We assessed the value of Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) services as a public health intervention seeking to improve birth outcomes and reduce racial disparities. We compared the infant mortality rate (IMR) per 1000 live births and percentage of preterm births overall and by race ...
Fuller Bruce - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Infants born to immigrant mothers, including Hispanic mothers, display birth weight and mortality advantages, compared with other disadvantaged groups. We examined prenatal biological factors and maternal practices that account for this advantage. Then we estimated the extent to which healthy birth outcomes, along with maternal and family factors, contribute ...
Burris Heather H - - 2010
Preterm birth and infant mortality disproportionately affect African American families compared to White families. More than 18% of African American infants are born preterm (< 37 weeks' gestation) compared to just less than 12% of White infants. Consequently, African American infants are twice as likely to die in their first ...
Stitely Michael L - - 2010
Substance abuse in pregnancy is of serious concern to society as well as health care providers caring for pregnant women and their infants. Various studies have suggested a prevalence of 10 -20%. This study used anonymous sampling of umbilical cord tissue to estimate the prevalence of substance abuse in West ...
Kitsantas Panagiota - - 2010
AIMS: This study examines predictors of neonatal and postneonatal mortality among infants born to black, white, and Hispanic women. METHODS: Linked birth/infant death records from North Carolina for the period 1999-2007 were the source of data. Logistic regression models were constructed to estimate the effect of maternal and infant characteristics ...
Fry-Johnson Yvonne W - - 2010
U.S. disparities in Black:White infant mortality are persistent. National trends, however, may obscure local successes. Zero-corrected, negative binomial multivariable modeling was used to predict Black infant mortality (1999-2003) in all U.S. counties with reliable rates. Independent variables included county population size, racial composition, educational attainment, poverty, income and geographic origin. ...
Nepomnyaschy Lenna - - 2010
There are well-documented and as yet unexplained disparities in birth outcomes by race in the USA. This paper examines the sources of disparities in low birth weight between blacks and whites in the US, by focusing on differences in disparities between two very distinct geographic areas, the Deep South and ...
Aralikatti Anil K V AK Birmingham and Midland Eye Centre, City Hospital, Dudley Road, Birmingham, West Midlands, UK. - - 2010
To assess the risk of severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) requiring treatment in different ethnic groups. Retrospective observational study on ROP screening and treatment. It involved a cross-sectional review of all eligible infants over a seven-year period. Statistical tests used were the Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney U test. Logistic regression ...
Canfield Mark A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the epidemiologic features of clinically defined subgroups of anotia/microtia. METHODS: Data on cases of anotia and/or microtia among 1999-2005 deliveries were obtained from the Texas Birth Defects Registry, a population-based active surveillance system. We determined crude and adjusted associations between selected factors and seven clinical ...
Singleton Rosalyn J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe maternal and birth-related risk factors associated with lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) deaths among infants. METHODS: Records for infants with LRTI as a cause of death were examined by using the linked birth/infant death database for 1999-2004. Singleton infants dying with LRTI and a random sample of ...
Pickett Kate E KE University of York, York, North Yorkshire, UK. - - 2009
Studies have suggested that members of ethnic minority groups might be healthier when they live in areas with a high concentration of people from their own ethnic group - in spite of higher levels of material deprivation typically found within such areas. We investigated the effects of area-level same-ethnic density ...
Hamilton Brady E - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This report presents birth data for the region affected by Hurricane Katrina, which made landfall along the Gulf Coast of the United States on August 29, 2005, comparing the 12-month periods before and after the storm according to a wide variety of characteristics. Data are presented for maternal demographic ...
Xu Xiao - - 2009
This study examined the economic costs associated with racial disparity in preterm birth and preterm fetal death in Michigan. Linked 2003 Michigan vital statistics and hospital discharge data were used for data analysis. Thirteen percent of the singleton births among non-Hispanic Blacks were before 37 completed weeks of gestation, compared ...
Bruckner Tim A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To examine temporal trends in race-specific neonatal death in California to determine whether the overall decline in mortality attenuated the paradoxical survival advantage of very low birth weight (VLBW; birth weight < 1500 g) non-Hispanic black infants relative to VLBW non-Hispanic white infants. STUDY DESIGN: The data set comprised ...
Burka Genet - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess the race-specific trends in infant mortality rate (IMR) in Louisiana and identify changes in the birth weight distribution (BWD) and birth weight specific mortality (BWSM) and their effect on the overall infant mortality rate. METHODS: We used the state of Louisiana's period-linked birth/infant death file, 1991-2002. The ...
Pressley Joyce C - - 2009
Most injuries to infants occur at home and are known to have a modifiable component. Additional information on safety behaviors, practices, and device ownership could inform prevention programs aimed at reducing injury-related race and ethnic disparities. This study is a secondary data analysis of race and ethnic differences in home ...
Alio Amina P - - 2010
Despite appreciable improvement in the overall reduction of infant mortality in the United States, black infants are twice as likely to die within the first year of life as white infants, even after controlling for socioeconomic factors. There is consensus in the literature that a complex web of factors contributes ...
Alio Amina P - - 2010
Few studies have examined paternal involvement in relation to feto-infant health; therefore we aim to assess the impact of absence of the father on birth outcomes among racial-ethnic subgroups. Florida vital statistics records for singleton births occurring between 1998 and 2005 were used for this study. Births to women less ...
FitzGerald Kirsten - - 2009
The alveolar lymphangioma is a benign but relatively rare condition found only in the oral cavities of black infants. Dentists practising in Ireland may be unaware of this condition due to its racial specificity. This paper presents two case reports of multiple alveolar lymphangiomas found in black infants in a ...
- - 2009
Despite substantial reductions in U.S. infant mortality during the past several decades, black-white disparities in infant mortality persist. Among 40 states with sufficient numbers of black infant deaths to generate reliable rates for the years 2002-2004, Wisconsin had the highest black infant mortality rate (IMR) at 17.6 deaths per 1,000 ...
Lorch Scott A - - 2010
Using a retrospective cohort of premature infants, we constructed multivariable Poisson models to determine factors associated with the receipt of antibiotics during the first year after discharge, N = 891. Black race (incidence rate ratio 1.80 compared with White infants, P = .008), male gender (incidence rate ratio 1.44; P ...
Nembhard Wendy N - - 2009
Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are a leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality. Infants with CHDs have increased risk of preterm birth (PTB) compared to infants without birth defects. Although non-Hispanic (NH) Blacks are more likely to be born preterm and Hispanics have rates similar to those of PTB to ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Congenital malformations are the major cause of infant mortality in the United States, but their contribution to overall racial disparity--a major public health concern--is poorly understood. We sought to estimate the contribution of a congenitally acquired central nervous system lesion, Dandy-Walker Syndrome (DWS), to black-white disparity in infant mortality. ...
Dowling Donna A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the factors involved in mothers' decisions to provide breast milk for their premature infants and to determine if these factors differ between Black and White mothers. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from 2 primary studies at 2 time points within 2 days of hospital admission (T1) and ...
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