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Bestion Elvire E CNRS USR 2936, Station d'Ecologie Expérimentale de Moulis, 09200 Moulis, France - - 2014
Predation is a strong selective pressure generating morphological, physiological and behavioural responses in organisms. As predation risk is often higher during juvenile stages, antipredator defences expressed early in life are paramount to survival. Maternal effects are an efficient pathway to produce such defences. We investigated whether maternal exposure to predator ...
Castral T C TC Faculty of Nursing, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, - - 2014
Maternal kangaroo care (MKC) is a naturalistic intervention that alleviates neonatal pain, and mothers are assumed to play a stress regulatory role in MKC. Yet, no MKC infant pain study has examined relationship between maternal and infant stress reactivity concurrently, or whether post-partum depression and/or anxiety (PPDA) alters maternal and ...
Lin Betty B Arizona State University, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The early postpartum period lays important groundwork for later self-regulation as infants' dispositional traits interact with caregivers' co-regulatory behaviors to produce the earliest forms of self-regulation. Although emerging literature suggests that fetal exposure to maternal stress may be integral in determining child self-regulatory capacity, the complex pathways that characterize these ...
Muliira Rhoda Suubi RS College of Nursing, Sultan Qaboos University, AlKhod, P.O. Box 66, Muscat, Oman, - - 2014
One of the hardships faced by midwives in developing countries is dealing with maternal death. Taking care of pregnant women who end up dying makes midwives mindful of their own mortality and this experience provokes discomfort and anxiety. To determine the predictors of death anxiety among midwives who have experienced ...
Pritchard Verena E VE Canterbury Child Development Research Group, Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand; Department of Psychology, Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Stress responses among parents of premature infants experiencing the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) environment are widely reported. However, less is known about how nurses perceive parents' experiences or how stressors relating to demands on family finances and practical challenges associated with infant hospitalization contribute to parental stress levels in ...
Sharp H H Institute of Psychology, Health and Society,University of - - 2014
Mothers' self-reported stroking of their infants over the first weeks of life modifies the association between prenatal depression and physiological and emotional reactivity at 7 months, consistent with animal studies of the effects of tactile stimulation. We now investigate whether the effects of maternal stroking persist to 2.5 years. Given ...
Debiec Jacek J Emotional Brain Institute, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016;The Nathan Kline Institute, Orangeburg, NY 10962; andMolecular and Behavioral Neuroscience Institute and Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 - - 2014
Emotional trauma is transmitted across generations. For example, children witnessing their parent expressing fear to specific sounds or images begin to express fear to those cues. Within normal range, this is adaptive, although pathological fear, such as occurs in posttraumatic stress disorder or specific phobias, is also socially transmitted to ...
Kadivar Maliheh M Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran - - 2014
Abstract Objective: This study was conducted to examine the effect of narrative writing on maternal stress in the Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) during infants' hospitalization. Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted among 2 groups of mothers with preterm infants in the NICUs of two teaching hospitals of Tehran University ...
Shaw Richard J RJ Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, - - 2014
Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder are a well-recognized phenomenon in mothers of preterm infants, with implications for maternal health and infant outcomes. This randomized controlled trial evaluated 6-month outcomes from a skills-based intervention developed to reduce symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression.METHODS: One hundred five mothers of preterm ...
Alkozei A A Department of Pediatrics & Newborn Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston MA, - - 2014
Abstract Objective. This study examined whether particular maternal and infant factors can identify mothers at risk for increased stress upon admission to the NICU. Methods. Eighty-five mothers of preterm infants (25-34 weeks gestation) were assessed using the Parental Stressors Scale (PSS:NICU) and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) within 3.24±1.58 ...
Edéll-Gustafsson Ulla U Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, - - 2014
To explore and describe how parents of preterm and/or sick infants in neonatal care perceive their sleep. Parents experience many stressful situations when their newborn infant is preterm and/or sick. This affects bonding. By developing more family-centred care units with single-family rooms, parents are given the opportunity to stay and ...
Salm Ward Trina C TC School of Social Work, University of Georgia, 310 E Campus Rd, Athens, GA, 30602, USA, - - 2014
Mother-infant bed-sharing has been associated with a higher risk of sleep-related infant deaths, which affects African Americans at a disproportionately higher rate. Although "separate but proximate sleep surfaces" for infants has been recommended since 2005, bed-sharing remains a common practice, especially among African Americans. This study examined factors associated with ...
Mastergeorge Ann M AM University of Arizona, Family Studies and Human Development, McClelland Park, 650 N. Park Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Still-Face Paradigm (SFP) is a structured stressful event within which researchers have investigated the influence of maternal psychological and behavioral characteristics on infant behavior. The present investigation contributes to this body of work by examining the joint contributions of maternal and child behavioral and affective characteristics on subsequent behaviors ...
Garfield Craig F CF Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois (Drs Garfield and Kim); Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (Dr Garfield); and Applied Research Center, Motorola Mobility, Libertyville, Illinois (Dr - - 2014
This study examines qualitatively the concerns and coping mechanisms of fathers and mothers of very low-birth-weight (VLBW; <1500 g) neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) infants as they transition to home from the NICU. In-depth, semistructured phone interviews were conducted with a sample of fathers and mothers of VLBW NICU infants ...
Rousseau Pierre Victor PV Department of Family Sciences, University of Mons, Belgium; Department of Obstetrics, Tivoli University Hospital, La Louviere, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe an immobility reaction (IR) that was not previously reported at or immediately after birth in human newborns. We analyzed 31 videos of normal term vaginal deliveries recorded from Time 0 of birth defined as the as the moment that lies between the birth of the thorax and the ...
Canturk Nergis N University of Ankara, Institute of Forensic Sciences, Department of Criminalistics, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The neonatal line (NL) is an important issue in forensic odontology. It is the sign of a developmental birth defect, which is caused by the effect of metabolic stress on tooth structures when the fetus passes to extrauterine life. The aim of this research is to determine the existence and ...
Seravalli Laura - - 2014
This study examined whether prenatal perceived stress levels during pregnancy were associated with preterm labor or preterm birth. Perceived stress levels were measured at 16 weeks' gestation or less and between 20 and 24 weeks' gestation in a sample of 1069 low-income pregnant women attending Temple University prenatal care clinics. ...
Stroud Laura R LR Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI 02906, United States; Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSDP) is associated with early and long-term neurobehavioral deficits; however mechanisms remain unknown. We tested the hypothesis that MSDP programs the hypothalamic pituitary adrenocortical (HPA) axis of the offspring leading to adverse outcomes. In an intensive, prospective study, we investigated associations between MSDP and infant cortisol ...
Ziegler Ekhard E EE Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, - - 2014
Background:Breastfed infants require supplementation with vitamin D but little is known about the necessary dose. This double blind trial evaluated four different doses of vitamin D.Methods:Exclusively breastfed infants (N=213) were randomized at 1 month to one of 4 doses, which they received through 9 months while receiving no formula. The ...
Topaloğlu Naci N Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Medical Faculty, Department of Pediatrics, Çanakkale, - - 2014
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a risk for the health of both the pregnant women and her infant. Its unfavorable effects start in utero and continue after birth. It is known that GDM increases oxidative stress and decreases antioxidant enzyme activities. In this study we aimed to investigate cord blood ...
Bosquet Enlow Michelle M Department of Psychiatry, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States; Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Early environmental exposures may help shape the development of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, influencing vulnerability for health problems across the lifespan. Little is known about the role of maternal sensitivity in influencing the development of the ANS in early life. To examine associations among maternal ...
Bos Peter A PA Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, J-Block, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South - - 2014
Animal studies show that exposure to parental neglect alters stress regulation and can lead to neural hyposensitivity or hypersensitivity in response to cortisol, most pronounced in the hippocampus. Cortisol, the end product of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, has also been related to parenting more directly, for example, in both sexes, ...
Loy S L SL 1 Nutrition Programme, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, - - 2014
Although numerous studies have been conducted to examine the causal factors of childhood obesity, the implications of intrauterine oxidative stress on early postnatal adiposity development remain to be elucidated. The Universiti Sains Malaysia Birth Cohort Study aimed to investigate the effects of prenatal oxidative stress levels on the development of ...
Cândia Maria Fernanda MF Programa de Residência em Fisioterapia em Terapia Intensiva, Hospital Universitário do Oeste do Paraná, Cascavel, PR, - - 2014
Objective: This study sought to assess the influence of prone positioning on the stress of newborn premature infants through the measurement of the salivary cortisol concentration and the evaluation of physiological and behavioral responses before and after changes in body positioning. Methods: Saliva samples were collected from newborn infants at ...
Schuurmans Juliette J Department of Neonatology University Medical Center Utrecht, The - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Preterm infants requiring intensive care experience a large number of stressful and painful procedures. Management of stress and pain is therefore an important issue. This review provides an overview of the research on the use of morphine and its neurodevelopmental effects on this vulnerable group of neonates. Methods: ...
Akdag Arzu A Department of Neonatology, Zekai Tahir Burak Maternity Teaching Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
It is essential to establish optimum parameters for maintaining the quality of stored milk until the moment of consumption with minimal deterioration of its properties. The aim of the study was to evaluate total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and total oxidation status (TOS) of fresh and freeze-stored samples (at -80°C) of ...
Woodward L J LJ 1] Department of Pediatric Newborn Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA [2] Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New - - 2014
Objective:Examine sources, predictors and child outcomes associated with neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)-related stress for mothers of infants born very preterm (VPT).Study Design:Participants were 133 mothers of VPT infants admitted to a regional level-III NICU. At term equivalent, mothers completed the Parental Stressor Scale: NICU and were interviewed about their ...
Howe Tsu-Hsin TH Department of Occupational Therapy, Steinhardt School of Culture, Education and Human Development, New York University, New York, NY 10012, United - - 2014
Taking care of a premature infant adds an extra burden to already stressed parents. Previous studies have shown that parental stress occurs during the initial hospitalization. However, there is little information on parental stress over time, and the few existing results are conflicting. In addition, many studies have focused on ...
Kim Sohye S a Department of Pediatrics , Baylor College of Medicine , Houston , TX , - - 2014
While the neurobiology of post-traumatic stress disorder has been extensively researched, much less attention has been paid to the neural mechanisms underlying more covert but pervasive types of trauma (e.g., those involving disrupted relationships and insecure attachment). Here, we report on a neurobiological study documenting that mothers' attachment-related trauma, when ...
Hikiji Wakako W Tokyo Medical Examiner's Office, Tokyo Metropolitan Government, 4-21-18 Otsuka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-0012, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is a heterogenous group of disorders characterized by multiple joint contractures with an estimated frequency of 1 in 3000-5100 livebirths. The authors present a case of an 11-month-old infant with AMC who died due to severe pneumonia. The deceased had no significant anomaly except for the ...
Ghorbani Maryam M Department of Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2014
Premature birth is one of the most important unresolved reproductive health problems. Premature birth is often traumatic and a source of distress for parents. Increased parental stress during the first year of their infant's life is a risk factor for later behavioral problems in infants. This study was designed to ...
Hildingsson Ingegerd I Mid Sweden University, Department of Nursing, Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Little is known if couples hold similar or different attitudes towards birth or what impact these have on the actual mode of birth. The aim of this study was to compare couples' personal and general attitudes towards birth. An additional aim was to study the relationship between attitudes, birth preferences, ...
Ghorbani Maryam M Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
Birth of a premature infant and subsequent neonatal intensive care leads to psychological distress and trauma in parents. A large proportion of mothers show signs of trauma long after discharge from hospital. Fathers of premature infants are known to experience more stress than fathers of full-term infants. The sorrow experienced ...
Lyngstad Lene Tandle LT Department of Pediatrics, NICU, Drammen Hospital, Norway; Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Skin-to-skin contact reduces pain response in preterm infants subjected to minor painful procedures, such as heel lance. Diaper change is a procedure performed several times daily in hospitalized preterm infants. Routine care giving tasks such as diaper change may be stressful for the infant. The purpose of this study was ...
Huda Shehzad S Department of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, United - - 2014
NEC remains a major concern for neonatologists, surgeons, and gastroenterologists due to its high morbidity and mortality. These infants often have poor developmental outcome, and contribute to significant economic burden resulting in marked stress in these families. By developing and adhering to strict feeding protocols, encouraging human milk feeding preferably ...
Vinall Jillian J 1] Graduate Program in Neuroscience, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada [2] Developmental Neurosciences and Child Health, Child & Family Research Institute, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
The majority of infants born very preterm (24-32 weeks gestational age) now survive, however, long-term neurodevelopmental and behavioral problems remain a concern. As part of their neonatal care very preterm infants undergo repeated painful procedures during a period of rapid brain development and programming of stress systems. Infants born this ...
Chertok Ilana R Azulay IR School of Nursing, West Virginia University, - - 2014
Nearly half a million preterm infants are born each year in the United States. Preterm delivery has significant psychosocial implications for mothers, particularly when their baby spends time in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The decrease in length of gestation causes mothers to have to parent prematurely, without the ...
Ehrmann David C DC Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, - - 2014
Oxidative stress plays an important role in the development of various disease processes and is a putative mechanism in the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, the most common complication of extreme preterm birth. Glutathione, a major endogenous antioxidant and redox buffer, also mediates cellular functions through protein thiolation. We sought to ...
Waters Sara F SF 1Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San - - 2014
Emotions are not simply concepts that live privately in the mind, but rather affective states that emanate from the individual and may influence others. We explored affect contagion in the context of one of the closest dyadic units, mother and infant. We initially separated mothers and infants; randomly assigned the ...
Potapova Natalia V NV Washington State University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Temperament ratings were obtained from 98 fathers when their infants were 4 and 6 months of age to examine effects of paternal characteristics on infant temperament. Parental stress, internalizing symptoms, and father's temperament were considered as factors possibly contributing to differences in their child's temperament.
Elmadih Alya A Institute of Brain, Behaviour and Mental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK.. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal sensitivity to infant cues and developmental needs may be pivotal for social and cognitive development. Animal and recent human studies emphasise a major role for Oxytocin (OT) in mediating sensitive caregiving but no study has examined the relationship between OT and extreme variation in human maternal sensitivity. From 105 ...
Zhu Peng P Anhui Medical University, Hefei, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the cognitive and behavioural development of children with healthy birth outcomes whose mothers were exposed to prenatal stress but did not experience pregnancy complications. In this prospective study, self-reported data, including the Prenatal Life Events Checklist about stressful life events (SLEs) during ...
Korja Riikka R Departments of Child - - 2014
OBJECTIVE:To study how the early crying behavior of preterm infants at term, 6 weeks, and 5 months of corrected age is related to later behavioral problems at age 3 and 4 years and parenting stress at 2 and 4 years.METHODS:The study group included 202 live-born, low birth weight infants (birth ...
Fodor Anna A 0000-0001-9933-3187 Institute of Experimental Medicine, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Szigony utca 43, 1083 Budapest, Hungary ; János Szentágothai School of Neurosciences, Semmelweis University, Üllői utca 26, 1085 Budapest, - - 2014
Although it is obvious that preconceptional effects as well as stressors during pregnancy profoundly influence the progeny, the lactation period seems to be at least as important. Here we summarize how maternal stressors during the lactation period affect the offspring. As vasopressin is one of the crucial components both for ...
Mianaei Soheila Jafari SJ Department of Pediatric Nursing, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Hezarjerib St. Isfahan, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to perform the Creating Opportunities for Parent Empowerment (COPE) program for Iranian mothers and evaluate its effectiveness on stress, anxiety, and participation of mothers who have premature infants hospitalized in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). A randomized clinical trial was conducted with 90 mothers ...
Blok Cornelie A CA Department of Neonatology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Utrecht, The - - 2014
Increased levels of end-tidal carbon monoxide (ETCOc) in preterm infants during the first day of life are associated with oxidative stress, inflammatory processes and adverse neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years of age. Therefore, we hypothesized that early ETCOc levels may also be associated with impaired growth of unmyelinated cerebral white ...
Yang Penghua P Division of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, United States of America; Bond Life Sciences Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, United States of America; College of Life Science, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, Hubei, - - 2014
Signs of severe oxidative stress are evident in term placentae of infants born to mothers with preeclampsia (PE), but it is unclear whether this is a cause or consequence of the disease. Here fibroblast lines were established from umbilical cords (UC) delivered by mothers who had experienced early onset PE ...
Paquette Alison G AG Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire, United States of - - 2014
Adverse maternal environments can lead to increased fetal exposure to maternal cortisol, which can cause infant neurobehavioral deficits. The placenta regulates fetal cortisol exposure and response, and placental DNA methylation can influence this function. FK506 binding protein (FKBP5) is a negative regulator of cortisol response, FKBP5 methylation has been linked ...
Witt Whitney P WP At the time of the study, Whitney P. Witt, Erika R. Cheng, Lauren E. Wisk, Kristin Litzelman, Debanjana Chatterjee, Kara Mandell, and Fathima Wakeel were with the Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Medicine and Public - - 2014
We determined whether and to what extent a woman's exposure to stressful life events prior to conception (PSLEs) was associated with preterm birth and whether maternal age modified this relationship. We examined 9350 mothers and infants participating in the first wave of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort, a ...
Weber D - - 2013
Background/objectives:Oxidative stress and micronutrient deficiencies have been related to lower birth weight (BW), small for gestational age (SGA) offspring and preterm delivery.Subjects/methods:The relation between neonatal outcome (BW, head circumference, SGA, preterm delivery) with markers of oxidative stress and micronutrients in maternal and cord blood was to be examined. Oxidative stress ...
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