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Schuurmans Juliette J Department of Neonatology University Medical Center Utrecht, The - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Preterm infants requiring intensive care experience a large number of stressful and painful procedures. Management of stress and pain is therefore an important issue. This review provides an overview of the research on the use of morphine and its neurodevelopmental effects on this vulnerable group of neonates. Methods: ...
Akdag Arzu A Department of Neonatology, Zekai Tahir Burak Maternity Teaching Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
It is essential to establish optimum parameters for maintaining the quality of stored milk until the moment of consumption with minimal deterioration of its properties. The aim of the study was to evaluate total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and total oxidation status (TOS) of fresh and freeze-stored samples (at -80°C) of ...
Woodward L J LJ 1] Department of Pediatric Newborn Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA [2] Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New - - 2014
Objective:Examine sources, predictors and child outcomes associated with neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)-related stress for mothers of infants born very preterm (VPT).Study Design:Participants were 133 mothers of VPT infants admitted to a regional level-III NICU. At term equivalent, mothers completed the Parental Stressor Scale: NICU and were interviewed about their ...
Howe Tsu-Hsin TH Department of Occupational Therapy, Steinhardt School of Culture, Education and Human Development, New York University, New York, NY 10012, United - - 2014
Taking care of a premature infant adds an extra burden to already stressed parents. Previous studies have shown that parental stress occurs during the initial hospitalization. However, there is little information on parental stress over time, and the few existing results are conflicting. In addition, many studies have focused on ...
Kim Sohye S a Department of Pediatrics , Baylor College of Medicine , Houston , TX , - - 2014
While the neurobiology of post-traumatic stress disorder has been extensively researched, much less attention has been paid to the neural mechanisms underlying more covert but pervasive types of trauma (e.g., those involving disrupted relationships and insecure attachment). Here, we report on a neurobiological study documenting that mothers' attachment-related trauma, when ...
Hikiji Wakako W Tokyo Medical Examiner's Office, Tokyo Metropolitan Government, 4-21-18 Otsuka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-0012, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is a heterogenous group of disorders characterized by multiple joint contractures with an estimated frequency of 1 in 3000-5100 livebirths. The authors present a case of an 11-month-old infant with AMC who died due to severe pneumonia. The deceased had no significant anomaly except for the ...
Lyngstad Lene Tandle LT Department of Pediatrics, NICU, Drammen Hospital, Norway; Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Skin-to-skin contact reduces pain response in preterm infants subjected to minor painful procedures, such as heel lance. Diaper change is a procedure performed several times daily in hospitalized preterm infants. Routine care giving tasks such as diaper change may be stressful for the infant. The purpose of this study was ...
Huda Shehzad S Department of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, United - - 2014
NEC remains a major concern for neonatologists, surgeons, and gastroenterologists due to its high morbidity and mortality. These infants often have poor developmental outcome, and contribute to significant economic burden resulting in marked stress in these families. By developing and adhering to strict feeding protocols, encouraging human milk feeding preferably ...
Vinall Jillian J 1] Graduate Program in Neuroscience, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada [2] Developmental Neurosciences and Child Health, Child & Family Research Institute, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
The majority of infants born very preterm (24-32 weeks gestational age) now survive, however, long-term neurodevelopmental and behavioral problems remain a concern. As part of their neonatal care very preterm infants undergo repeated painful procedures during a period of rapid brain development and programming of stress systems. Infants born this ...
Chertok Ilana R Azulay IR School of Nursing, West Virginia University, - - 2014
Nearly half a million preterm infants are born each year in the United States. Preterm delivery has significant psychosocial implications for mothers, particularly when their baby spends time in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The decrease in length of gestation causes mothers to have to parent prematurely, without the ...
Ehrmann David C DC Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, - - 2014
Oxidative stress plays an important role in the development of various disease processes and is a putative mechanism in the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, the most common complication of extreme preterm birth. Glutathione, a major endogenous antioxidant and redox buffer, also mediates cellular functions through protein thiolation. We sought to ...
Waters Sara F SF 1Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San - - 2014
Emotions are not simply concepts that live privately in the mind, but rather affective states that emanate from the individual and may influence others. We explored affect contagion in the context of one of the closest dyadic units, mother and infant. We initially separated mothers and infants; randomly assigned the ...
Potapova Natalia V NV Washington State University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Temperament ratings were obtained from 98 fathers when their infants were 4 and 6 months of age to examine effects of paternal characteristics on infant temperament. Parental stress, internalizing symptoms, and father's temperament were considered as factors possibly contributing to differences in their child's temperament.
Elmadih Alya A Institute of Brain, Behaviour and Mental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK.. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal sensitivity to infant cues and developmental needs may be pivotal for social and cognitive development. Animal and recent human studies emphasise a major role for Oxytocin (OT) in mediating sensitive caregiving but no study has examined the relationship between OT and extreme variation in human maternal sensitivity. From 105 ...
Zhu Peng P Anhui Medical University, Hefei, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the cognitive and behavioural development of children with healthy birth outcomes whose mothers were exposed to prenatal stress but did not experience pregnancy complications. In this prospective study, self-reported data, including the Prenatal Life Events Checklist about stressful life events (SLEs) during ...
Korja Riikka R Departments of Child - - 2014
OBJECTIVE:To study how the early crying behavior of preterm infants at term, 6 weeks, and 5 months of corrected age is related to later behavioral problems at age 3 and 4 years and parenting stress at 2 and 4 years.METHODS:The study group included 202 live-born, low birth weight infants (birth ...
Fodor Anna A 0000-0001-9933-3187 Institute of Experimental Medicine, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Szigony utca 43, 1083 Budapest, Hungary ; János Szentágothai School of Neurosciences, Semmelweis University, Üllői utca 26, 1085 Budapest, - - 2014
Although it is obvious that preconceptional effects as well as stressors during pregnancy profoundly influence the progeny, the lactation period seems to be at least as important. Here we summarize how maternal stressors during the lactation period affect the offspring. As vasopressin is one of the crucial components both for ...
Mianaei Soheila Jafari SJ Department of Pediatric Nursing, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Hezarjerib St. Isfahan, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to perform the Creating Opportunities for Parent Empowerment (COPE) program for Iranian mothers and evaluate its effectiveness on stress, anxiety, and participation of mothers who have premature infants hospitalized in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). A randomized clinical trial was conducted with 90 mothers ...
Blok Cornelie A CA Department of Neonatology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Utrecht, The - - 2014
Increased levels of end-tidal carbon monoxide (ETCOc) in preterm infants during the first day of life are associated with oxidative stress, inflammatory processes and adverse neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years of age. Therefore, we hypothesized that early ETCOc levels may also be associated with impaired growth of unmyelinated cerebral white ...
Witt Whitney P WP At the time of the study, Whitney P. Witt, Erika R. Cheng, Lauren E. Wisk, Kristin Litzelman, Debanjana Chatterjee, Kara Mandell, and Fathima Wakeel were with the Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Medicine and Public - - 2014
We determined whether and to what extent a woman's exposure to stressful life events prior to conception (PSLEs) was associated with preterm birth and whether maternal age modified this relationship. We examined 9350 mothers and infants participating in the first wave of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort, a ...
Weber D - - 2013
Background/objectives:Oxidative stress and micronutrient deficiencies have been related to lower birth weight (BW), small for gestational age (SGA) offspring and preterm delivery.Subjects/methods:The relation between neonatal outcome (BW, head circumference, SGA, preterm delivery) with markers of oxidative stress and micronutrients in maternal and cord blood was to be examined. Oxidative stress ...
Forssman Linda - - 2013
Cross-species evidence suggests that genetic and experiential factors act early in development to establish individual emotional traits, but little is known about the mechanisms that emerge during this period to mediate long-term outcomes. Here, we tested the hypothesis that known genetic and environmental risk conditions may heighten infants' natural tendency ...
Peyrovi Hamid - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Premature infants respond more intensively to pain compared with term infants. Facilitated tucking position as a non-pharmacological method of pain in infants has been suggested; however, its effect on acute procedural pain such as endotracheal suctioning remains to be studied. This study examined the effect of facilitated tucking ...
Al-Saleh Iman I Biological & Medical Research Department, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2013
This study was conducted to: (a) investigate the antagonistic interaction between selenium (Se) and mercury (Hg) in mothers and their newborns, (b) delineate the role of oxidative mechanisms induced by Hg exposure and (c) examine the protective effect of Se on Hg-induced oxidative stress and birth outcomes. Levels of Hg ...
Namdev Sunita - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To study the oxidative stress and antioxidant status among neonates born to pre-eclamptic mothers and their role in the early outcome of these babies Study design: This case control study was conducted at a tertiary care teaching hospital in south India. We included 75 neonates born to mothers ...
Spinelli Maria - - 2013
This prospective longitudinal study examined predictors of parenting stress trajectories over time in a sample of 125 mothers and their preterm infants. Infant (multiple birth, gestational age, days hospitalized, and neonatal health risks) and maternal (socioeconomic, education, depressive symptoms, social support, and quality of interaction during infant feeding) characteristics were ...
Ragó Anett - - 2013
Infants born prematurely are at higher risk for later linguistic deficits present in delayed or atypical processing of phonetic and prosodic information. In order to be able to specify the nature of this atypical development, it is important to investigate the role of early experience in language perception. According to ...
Tryphonopoulos Panagiota D - - 2013
Salivary cortisol is becoming more commonly utilized as a biologic marker of stress in observational studies and intervention research. However, its use with infants (12 months of age or younger) is less widespread and poses some special challenges to researchers. In order to decide on the most suitable collection procedure ...
Wang Xijuan - - 2013
Bronchopulmonary dysphasia (BPD) is a complex multifactorial disease with an obvious genetic predisposition. Oxidative stress plays an important role in its pathogenesis. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) detoxify metabolites produced by oxidative stress within the cell and protect the cells against injury. In the present study, the hypothesis that polymorphisms in the ...
de Weerth Carolina - - 2013
Our aim was to examine infants' behavioral and physiological stress responses to three weekly maternal separations, in relation to maternal prenatal psychosocial stress and cortisol. The hypothesis was that more prenatal stress and higher cortisol concentrations would predict smaller decreases in negative behavior and cortisol responses over the separations (i.e. ...
Peng Niang-Huei - - 2013
Previous studies separately examined the effects of positioning or environmental stressors on preterm infants' sleep and stress. Since positioning and environmental stressors occur simultaneously during infant hospitalization exploring these variables in the same study may offer new insights. A quasi-experimental study by one-group interrupted time-series design. In the current study, ...
Peng Niang-Huei - - 2013
Although research has demonstrated that the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is a stressful environment for preterm and high-risk infants, little research validates the suspected relationships between infant biobehavioral responses and environmental stress in the NICU. This exploratory study examined the relationship between environmental stress and biobehavioral responses of preterm ...
Mendoza-Cruz A Czarina - - 2013
Context:The duration of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression following glucocorticoid treatment is uncertain.Objective:To determine the duration of HPA axis suppression in prednisolone-treated infants and the age at which circadian variation in salivary cortisol is established in healthy infants.Design, Setting and Participants:Prior to the adoption of propranolol treatment by the Vascular Birthmarks ...
Ference Jennifer - - 2013
Typically developing infants differentiate strong-weak (trochaic) and weak-strong (iambic) stress patterns by 2months of age. The ability to discriminate rhythmical patterns, such as lexical stress, has been argued to facilitate language development, suggesting that a difficulty in discriminating stress might affect early word learning as reflected in vocabulary size. Children ...
Bosquet Enlow Michelle - - 2013
Evidence for the intergenerational transmission of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is documented in the literature, although the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Attachment theory provides a framework for elucidating the ways in which maternal PTSD may increase offspring PTSD vulnerability. The current study utilized two independent prospective data sets to ...
Luecken Linda J - - 2013
Maternal exposure to significant prenatal stress can negatively affect infant neurobiological development and increase the risk for developmental and health disturbances. These effects may be pronounced in low SES and ethnic minority families. We explored prenatal partner support as a buffer of the impact of prenatal stress on cortisol reactivity ...
Shaw Richard J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:The current study evaluates a treatment intervention developed with the goal of reducing symptoms of posttraumatic stress, depression, and anxiety in parents of premature infants.METHODS:A total of 105 mothers of preterm infants (25-34 weeks' gestational age; >600 g) were randomized to receive a 6-session intervention developed to target parental trauma ...
Johnson Katrina C - - 2013
The offspring of mothers with mood disorders may evidence increased behavioral problems as early as preschool; however, no study to date has examined psychophysiological characteristics during infancy, particularly among offspring of mothers diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Elucidating psychobiological mechanisms of risk early in development is critical to inform prevention and ...
Barrett Karlene T - - 2013
Stress peptide, pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP), has been implicated in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The aim of this exploratory study was to determine whether variants in the gene encoding the PACAP-specific receptor, PAC1, are associated with SIDS in Caucasian and African-American infants. Polymerase chain reaction and Sanger ...
Perrone Serafina - - 2013
Abstract Oxidative stress (OS) occurs at birth in all newborns as a consequence of the hyperoxic challenge due to the transition from the hypoxic intrauterine environment to extrauterine life. Free radical (FRs) sources such as inflammation, hyperoxia, hypoxia, ischaemia-reperfusion, neutrophil and macrophage activation, glutamate and free iron release, all increases ...
Cantwell-Bartl Annie M - - 2013
To evaluate the psychosocial status of mothers and fathers of infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome while in the PICU. A retrospective study combining interviews and psychometric testing of parents. Tertiary hospital PICU. Twenty-nine parents (16 mothers and 13 fathers) of surviving children. A semistructured face-to-face interview was conducted to ...
Kurth Elisabeth - - 2013
to examine the views and practices of first-time and experienced mothers in response to infant crying during the first 12 weeks post birth. longitudinal, qualitative study using an interpretive, phenomenological approach. postnatal hospital and home settings in Switzerland. maximum variation sampling of 15 new mothers of diverse parity and educational ...
Jones Rebecca - - 2013
Early experience can alter infants' interest in faces in their environment. This study investigated the relationship between maternal psychological health, mother-infant bonding, and infant face interest in a community sample. A visual habituation paradigm was used to independently assess 3.5-month old infants' attention to a photograph of their mother's face ...
Shaw Richard J - - 2013
Premature birth has been associated with multiple adverse maternal psychological outcomes that include depression, anxiety, and trauma as well as adverse effects on maternal coping ability and parenting style. Infants who are premature are more likely to have poorer cognitive and developmental functioning and, thus, may be harder to parent, ...
Ali Adel S A - - 2013
Excessive infant crying is a common and often stress-inducing condition for parents that can ultimately result in infant abuse. Although the infantile colic is reported commonly and causes appreciable distress for both parents and pediatricians, its pathogenesis remains unclear, despite 40 years of research. This work studied the role of ...
Christiansen Dorte M - - 2013
Losing an infant or fetus late in pregnancy, during birth or in the first year of life is a potentially traumatic event for parents. However, little is known about the factors contributing to chronic posttraumatic stress reactions in this population. The present study examined chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms ...
Victoria Nicole C - - 2013
Approximately 500,000 infants are born prematurely each year in the United States. These infants typically require an extensive stay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), where they experience on average 14 painful and invasive procedures each day. These procedures, including repeated heel lance, insertion of intravenous lines, and respiratory ...
Siqveland Torill S - - 2013
The present prospective longitudinal study aimed to investigate the long-term impact of maternal optimality assessed during pregnancy on parenting stress at infant age 12 months. In this study the concept of optimality was utilized to investigate maternal variations regarding resources during pregnancy in relation to later parenting stress, among three different ...
Habersaat Stephanie - - 2013
Previous studies have found that mothers of very preterm infants often report symptoms of posttraumatic stress, which has been related to cortisol dysregulation. However, the exact nature of this association is not clear and can be different regarding the predominance of some specific symptoms of posttraumatic stress, as suggested by ...
Courts Cornelius - - 2013
BackgroundAn insufficient stress response due to a genetically impaired heat shock protein could play a role in the pathogenesis in a subgroup of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases. Herein, we are first to investigate whether a functionally impairing and thus pathogenic variant of the gene for heat shock protein ...
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