Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 770
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Neggers Yasmin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence is increasingly recognized as a potentially modifiable risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes. This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between abuse during pregnancy or within the last year and low birth weight and preterm birth. METHODS: From 1997 to 2001, 3149 low income, relatively low-risk ...
Shi L - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The study tests the extent to which primary care physician supply (office based primary care physicians per 10 000 population) moderates the association between social inequalities and infant mortality and low birth weight throughout the 50 states of the USA. DESIGN: Pooled cross sectional, time series analysis of ...
Hujoel Philippe P - - 2004
CONTEXT: Both high- and low-dose radiation exposures in women have been associated with low-birth-weight offspring. It is unclear if radiation affects the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis and thereby indirectly birth weight, or if the radiation directly affects the reproductive organs. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether antepartum dental radiography is associated with low-birth-weight offspring. ...
Foss Karen - - 2004
This case report describes a 27-week, 1040-g infant, whose mother presented with an acute abruption and fetal distress prompting emergency cesarean birth. The birth was further complicated by fetal malposition, manual version, birth trauma, and perinatal depression requiring intubation, ventilation, and chest compressions. On day of life (DOL) 7, the ...
Kato Toru - - 2004
The aim of this study is to clarify the evolutional changes of the popliteal angle in low birth weight infants during the first year of life. The popliteal angle was measured at 1, 4, 8, and 12 months of corrected age on routine physical examination of 204 appropriate-for-date infants who ...
Filippi Luca - - 2004
Hyperkalaemia is a life-threatening electrolyte disorder that can occur in the first week of life in almost 50% of preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1000 g [extremely low birth weight (ELBW)]. Serum potassium values higher than 7 mmol x l-1 are associated with cardiac arrhythmias and an ...
Keeton Kristie - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine if birth outcomes for Medicaid recipients were improved with participation in the Illinois Family Case Management Program. METHODS: Health program data files were linked with the 1996 Illinois Vital Records linked birth-death certificate file. Logistic regression was used to characterize the ...
Bae Young-Min - - 2004
Total 36 reports on the mortality rates (MRs) of low birth weight infants (LBWI) and very LBWI (VLBWI) in Korea from the 1967 through 2001 were analyzed. We compared the changes in the MR by 5 and 10-yr interval. The MRs observed by 5-yr intervals from the early 1960s through ...
Litmanovitz Ita - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between changes in bone turnover markers and bone strength of very low birth weight infants during the first eight postnatal weeks. STUDY DESIGN: Twelve very low birth weight premature infants [mean gestational age: 28.4 +/- 0.6 weeks, mean birth weight: 1131 +/- 62 grams] participated ...
Hennermann Julia B - - 2004
Hyperphenylalaninemia in preterm neonates with heterozygosity for phenylketonuria has previously not been described. We report on a very low birth weight infant, born at a gestational age of 27+5 weeks with a birth weight of 1080 g. Due to a positive family history prenatal diagnosis for phenylketonuria was performed, revealing ...
Suresh Santhanam - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Peripheral nerve blocks can be successfully utilized in infants for neurosurgical procedures. Our objective was utilizing a series of peripheral nerve blocks for a neurosurgical procedure in a very low-birth-weight neonate. CASE REPORT: We report the use of supraorbital, great auricular, and greater occipital nerve block in ...
Tang Mei-Ping - - 2004
The objective of this study is to compare the neurodevelopmental outcome between very low birth weight infants with and without sonographic disproportionate enlargement of occipital horn. We retrospectively reviewed the brain sonography of all very low birth weight infants born at National Taiwan University Hospital between June 1997 and June ...
Dickute Jolanta - - 2004
AIM: To evaluate the importance of maternal socio-economic factors on the risk of low birth weight in Lithuania. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The case-control study involved 851 newborns with low birth weight (<2500 g) (cases) and 851 newborns with normal weight (controls). Study was accomplished from 1st February, 2001 until 31st ...
Latini G - - 2004
Neonatal status epilepticus (SE) is very rare and, to date, very little information exists on SE in preterm infants. Here, we report recurrent SE as a result of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in an extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infant, who had favorable neurodevelopment at a corrected age of 2 years. This ...
Hendrickson Richard J - - 2003
Management of giant omphalocele in a full-term neonate is a challenging clinical situation. Even more challenging is giant omphalocele in a premature low-birth-weight infant. The authors describe a successful staged noninvasive technique for the management of giant omphalocele in a premature, low-birth-weight neonate without the use of prosthetic material until ...
Fujimoto Chizu - - 2003
We applied the integrated backscatter (IBS) imaging system to the evaluation of the normal neonatal brain of different birth-weights: extremely low-birth-weight (N=13), very-low-birth-weight (N=14), low-birth weight (N=14), and normal birth weight (N=19). The IBS values in six regions of interest, the deep white matter, subcortical white matter, choroid plexus, thalamus, ...
Moser K - - 2003
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine social inequalities and trends in low birth weight in England and Wales. DESIGN: Analysis of routine birth data, comparing (a) couple and sole registered births, and (b) manual and non-manual occupational groups. SETTING: England and Wales, 1993-2000. MAIN RESULTS: Social inequalities in low birth weight were ...
Toki Akira - - 2003
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to describe the ultrasonographic findings of the patent processus vaginalis (PPV) in neonates. METHODS: The patency of the processus vaginalis was examined by ultrasonography in 117 neonates. The ultrasonographic findings, with increment and decrement of the intraabdominal pressure, were categorized into 6 types ...
Laskowska Marzena - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) in the third trimester placenta from normotensive women and the correlation between placental AT1R immunoreactivity and infant birth weight. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was carried out on 18 healthy normotensive patients with singleton uncomplicated pregnancies. Immunohistochemistry was used to examine ...
Litmanovitz Ita - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of early range-of-motion intervention on bone strength and bone turnover in very low birth weight infants. METHODS: Twenty-four infants (mean birth weight: 1135 +/- 247 g; mean gestational age: 28.5 +/- 2.3 weeks) were matched for gestational age and birth weight and then randomly assigned ...
Kramer Michael S - - 2003
This paper provides an overview of the occurrence, etiology and temporal trends of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Disparities between developed and developing countries are highlighted for maternal mortality, infant mortality, stillbirth and low birth weight. The higher rate of low birth weight in developing countries is primarily due to intrauterine growth ...
Bauer Sofia - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in preterm neonates ranges between 4 and 25%. The need for a radiologic investigation has not yet been established in very low birth weight premature newborns (<1500 g birth weight). PATIENTS AND METHODS: For an 11-year period (1990 to 2001), medical records ...
Lane Sandra D - - 2003
This case-racial and ethnic disparity in low birth weight-is one of a series of teaching cases in the Case-Based Series in Population-Oriented Prevention (C-POP). It has been developed for use in medical school and residency prevention curricula. The complete set of cases is presented in this supplement to the American ...
Vernacchio Louis - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To describe sleep positions among low birth weight infants, variations in sleep position according to birth weight, and changes in sleep position over time. To analyze risk factors and influences associated with prone sleep. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Massachusetts and Ohio, 1995-1998. STUDY PARTICIPANTS: Mothers of 907 low ...
Gaudoin Marco M University Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, United - - 2003
The study was undertaken to determine the outcome of singleton pregnancies conceived through ovulation induction and intrauterine insemination using a partner's (OI/IUI) or donor sperm (OI/IUID) by comparison with naturally conceived singletons within a national cohort. Retrospective cohort study in primigravid women who were treated with OI/IUI (n = 97) ...
Keller A - - 2003
PURPOSE: This study was designed to determine whether supine positioning of infants born preterm in a hammock instead of the prone position affects their neuromuscular maturity, growth, and autonomic stability. METHODS: Twenty healthy infants who were born premature with very low birth weight (VLBW) (<1500 g) were randomized into two ...
Itabashi K - - 2003
We prospectively investigated serum zinc (Zn) concentrations and clinical factors in 118 very-low-birth-weight infants with a gestational age of 29.5 +/- (SD) 2.5 weeks and a birth weight of 1,194 +/- 254 g at near-term postmenstrual age. The 25th percentile of the serum Zn concentration was 7.0 micromol/l. The infants ...
Parise Monica E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To develop a rapid field assessment methodology to address the burden of malaria during pregnancy and the options for intervening within the existing antenatal care system in Kenya. METHODS: Surveys consisting of questionnaires, sampling of blood for parasitaemia and anaemia, and birth outcome assessment were conducted in antenatal clinics, ...
Beyer Kimberly - - 2003
A qualitative study was conducted to determine whether there is a relationship between the perceived stress levels of new parents in interacting with their infant and the parental implementation of infant massage techniques. A sample of four new parents demonstrated decreased perceived stress levels following involvement in a month long ...
Yang Chun-Yuh - - 2002
A few previous studies have looked at the relationship between pregnancy outcome and magnesium nutritional intake and found that magnesium supplementation which could have beneficial effects on perinatal outcome. We performed a study to examine the relationship between the levels of magnesium in drinking water and the risk of delivering ...
McGrath Margaret - - 2002
In this prospective longitudinal study, birth weight and neonatal morbidities were evaluated relative to a broad range of school age outcomes. Fully 188 infants, 151 who were preterm, were recruited at birth, stratified by birth weight and socioeconomic status, and were followed until age 8 with a 97% retention rate. ...
Hashimoto Laura Nickles - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that benefits of antenatal glucocorticoids to reduce death or major morbidities are similar in very low birth weight multiple and singleton infants. STUDY DESIGN: Infants with birth weight of 401 to 1500 g who were born from May 1991 ...
Bianca Sebastiano - - 2002
Hyperphenylalaninemias (HPAs) are due to autosomal recessive inherited deficiency of phenylalanine hydroxylase and include three different biochemical and clinical phenotypes: classic phenylketonuria, mild phenylketonuria and persistent HPA. Recently the relationship between birth weight and HPA has been investigated. We performed an evaluation of birth weight in our 260 HPA patients. ...
Borders Gloria - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To describe the magnitude of the problem of low birth weight in the U.S. and the State of Connecticut. To describe the temporal trends of selected risk factors associated with low birth weight (LBW) from 1992-1998. METHODS: Retrospective, descriptive study utilizing reports from birth certificate data from National Center ...
Tuomala Ruth E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Some studies suggest that combination antiretroviral therapy in pregnant women with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection increases the risk of premature birth and other adverse outcomes of pregnancy. METHODS: We studied pregnant women with HIV-1 infection who were enrolled in seven clinical studies and delivered their infants ...
Baschat Ahmet A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE:To investigate the relationship between very low maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein levels (MSAFP), neonatal size, and possible associations with obstetric complications. METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study in a population managed prospectively by a standardized protocol. Perinatal outcomes were compared between patients with unexplained very low MSAFP (less than or ...
Schieve Laura A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The increased risk of low birth weight associated with the use of assisted reproductive technology has been attributed largely to the higher rate of multiple gestations associated with such technology. It is uncertain, however, whether singleton infants conceived with the use of assisted reproductive technology may also have a ...
Monterosso Leanne - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive literature review of neuromotor development and related physiologic effects of positioning in very low birth weight infants. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINHAL, Health Star, Current Contents, and the Australian Medical Index (1966-2000) databases were searched. Unpublished studies (e.g., dissertations, conference proceedings) and all relevant references listed ...
Ndwiga D N - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Infants less than 1500 grams at birth have been demonstrated to be particularly prone to development of low levels of serum sodium often leading to increased early neonatal morbidity and mortality. No local study has been done to quantify this problem among sick newborns. Studies elsewhere demonstrate a high ...
Alarcón-Waess O - - 2002
We have studied the orientational structure of a dipolar hard-spherical colloid on a homogeneous isotropic phase. The results are expressed as a function of the dipolar strength mu and volume fraction phi of dipolar colloids, and the refractive index of the scattering medium, n(s). The study is based on the ...
Hack Maureen - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Very-low-birth-weight infants (those weighing less than 1500 g) born during the initial years of neonatal intensive care have now reached young adulthood. METHODS: We compared a cohort of 242 survivors among very-low-birth-weight infants born between 1977 and 1979 (mean birth weight, 1179 g; mean gestational age at birth, 29.7 ...
Seckl J R - - 2001
It has been long recognised that the glucocorticoid administration to pregnant mammals (including humans) reduces offspring birth weight. Epidemiologically, low weight or thinness at birth is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular and metabolic disorders in adult life. So, does fetal exposure to glucocorticoids produce such 'programming' of adult ...
Yates A B - - 2001
A 3-month-old, full-term female infant was hospitalized with pneumonia and bronchiolitis. Laboratory studies revealed a profoundly low level of IgG (41 mg/dL) and low level of IgA (< 6.67 mg/dL). Other causes of immunodeficiency were ruled out, and there was no evidence of protein loss to account for the low ...
D'Netto M A - - 2001
Phrenic nerve paralysis due to iatrogenic injury is not uncommon in neonates. We report an unusual case of acquired unilateral paralysis of the diaphragm in a very-low-birth-weight infant, associated with a thrombus secondary to percutaneous subclavian vein catheterization. Conservative management resulted in complete resolution of the paralyzed diaphragm.
Wannous S - - 2001
The incidence and determinants of low birth weight were studied in a stratified sample of 10,585 deliveries at 18 Syrian government hospitals. For each low-birth-weight baby born, two normal-birth-weight babies were recruited as a comparison group. A questionnaire was given to mothers and clinical examinations were performed on the neonates. ...
Gaylord M S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare fluid and electrolyte management in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants nursed in humidified versus nonhumidified incubators. STUDY DESIGN: Setting--tertiary intensive care nursery. Subjects--all infants with birth weight < 1000 g admitted 1/95 to 1/99 who were treated with incubators and survived for > 96 hours (N ...
Neu J - - 2001
Of all the amino acids, glutamine is the most versatile. Studies in the maternal-fetal-placental unit demonstrate that both glutamine and glutamate play an important role in fetal and placental metabolism. If an infant is born very prematurely, the supply of glutamine from the mother is suddenly interrupted. The infant is ...
Cloonan H A - - 2001
Advances in neonatal care have led to survival of more Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) infants weighing < 1,500 grams with growing concerns about neuro-developmental outcomes. To identify relationships between outcomes and birth weight, we evaluated 213 VLBW infants over a six-year period using a standardized test to identify relationships ...
Kalhan S - - 2001
A large number of studies in recent years have described protein and nitrogen metabolism in the neonate. However, the majority of these data are difficult to interpret because of a number of confounding variables, particularly in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. In contrast, application of state-of-the-art tracer isotopic and ...
Letamo G - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to investigate the socioeconomic, biological and behavioural factors influencing low birth weight and prematurity in Botswana. Data were from the Botswana Obstetric Record covering the years 1990 to 1995, and were analysed with both descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis. The study found that the ...
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