Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 746
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Tauzin L - - 2005
Several studies suggest that adverse events during foetal life can program cardiovascular diseases in adulthood. Barker et al. identified a relationship between low birth weight and an increased risk of arterial hypertension, carotid arteriosclerosis, and mortality by coronary heart disease or stroke in adulthood. These findings led to the "foetal ...
Vohr Betty R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the impact of changes in perinatal management on neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) at 18 to 22 months' corrected age of low gestation (22-26 weeks) and higher gestation (27-32 weeks) extremely low birth weight infants (401-1000 g birth weight) who were cared for in the National Institute of ...
Chen Pei-Chyi - - 2005
Survival rate of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants has much improved in recent years. However, neurodevelopmental outcomes are still of the most concerned to such infants' parents. In order to survey survival rate, neurodevelopmental outcome and prognostic factors in these infants, we did a retrospective study of VLBW infants who were admitted ...
Chen Ming-Ren - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The increased survival of low birth weight infants means that more of these infants may be candidates for cardiac catheterization. There is a lack of data from Taiwan on the results of cardiac catheterization in these infants. This study investigated the outcome of cardiac catheterization in infants ...
Parkash Jai - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To document the number, disease pattern and outcome of patients admitted to neonatal unit. DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The study was conducted in the Neonatal Unit of National Institute of Child Health, Karachi, Pakistan from 1st January 2001 to 31st December 2001. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Chen Dafang - - 2005
This study investigated the association between polymorphisms in cytochrome P450 genes (CYP1A1MspI, CYP1A1HincII, and CYP2E1) and low birth weight. Between July 1999 and June 2002, we conducted a study using infant-parents triads in Anqing, China. The analyses included the families of 248 normal birth weight, full-term infants, and 248 low-birth-weight ...
Adamkin David H - - 2005
Extremely low birth weight infants may experience periods of moderate to severe undernutrition during the acute phase of their respiratory problems. This undernutrition contributes to early growth deficits in these patients and may have long-lasting effects, including poor neurodevelopmental outcome. Early postnatal intravenous amino-acid administration and early enteral feeding strategies ...
Kwiterovich Peter O PO - - 2005
CONTEXT: Low birth weight is associated with increased cardiovascular disease in adulthood, and differences in the molecular weight, composition, and quantity of lipoprotein subclasses are associated with coronary artery disease. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are novel patterns of lipoprotein heterogeneity in low-birth-weight infants. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective study ...
Hack Maureen - - 2005
As part of a longitudinal study of the outcomes of very low birth weight children (<1.5 kg), we sought to examine the perinatal, childhood, and young adult predictors of internalizing symptoms among very low birth weight young women and their normal birth weight controls. The cohort included 125 very low ...
Iacono G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: During the first months of life, infants can suffer from many 'minor' gastroenterological disturbances. However, little is known about the frequency of these problems and the factors which predispose or facilitate their onset. AIMS: (a) To ascertain the frequency of the most common gastrointestinal symptoms in infants during the ...
Buduneli Nurcan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Pre-term delivery of low-birth-weight infants [pre-term low birth weight (PLBW)] remains a significant public health issue and a major cause of neonatal death and long-term health problems. There is a growing consensus that infections remote from fetal-placental unit may influence PLBW infants. Recent studies have suggested that maternal periodontal ...
Hajnal Beatrice Latal - - 2005
This study describes time trends for very low birth weight multiple births in relation to very low birth weight singletons. Two cohorts of very low birth weight (less than 1250 gm) children recruited between 1983-85 (cohort 1, n = 115) and 1992-94 (cohort 2, n = 144) were compared. The ...
Gisselmann Marit D - - 2005
AIMS: Educational differences in infant mortality, birth weight, and birth weight-specific infant mortality in Sweden were analysed. The "low birth weight paradox", where low birth weight infants have a lower mortality risk if born to women of lower rather than higher social strata, was addressed. METHODS: The study includes about ...
Mindel Graeme - - 2005
The etiological factors responsible for the hypertensive phenotype are complex and several experimental and clinical observations point to a major role of the kidney as being responsible. Genetic studies of uncommon diseases which express monogenetic inheritance all have in common a dysregulation of Na+ balance and volume expansion. Furthermore, epidemiological ...
Reichman Nancy E - - 2005
In the United States black women have for decades been twice as likely as white women to give birth to babies of low birth weight who are at elevated risk for developmental disabilities. Does the black-white disparity in low birth weight contribute to the racial disparity in readiness? The author ...
Upadhyaya Chitra - - 2005
Serum antioxidant status and peroxidative stress was estimated in 30 pregnant women, their newborn infants and 25 non-pregnant women. Serum Ascorbic acid, α-tocopherol, retinol & β-carotene levels were found to be significantly reduced and peroxidative stress was significantly higher in mothers as compared to matched non-pregnant women. Newborn had significantly ...
Reed Mary M - - 2005
The birth outcomes of undocumented women have not been systematically studied on a large scale. The growing number of undocumented women giving birth in the United States has important implications for clinical care and public health policy. The objective of this study was to describe birth outcomes of undocumented immigrants ...
Gounaris Antonis - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) is frequently used for prolonged periods in very low birth weight infants. We asked if NCPAP affects gastric emptying. STUDY DESIGN: Preterm newborn infants (n = 16) with a mean body weight of 935 g (SD, 155) and a mean gestational age of ...
Kapfer Stephanie A - - 2004
The association between hepatoblastoma and low birth weight documented recently in the literature has yet to be well explained, in particular the suggestion that these patients may have a more aggressive form of the disease. From 1989 to 2003, our institution treated four patients for hepatoblastoma who had birth weights ...
Li Yudong - - 2004
BACKGROUND: It is known that the bifidobacteria flora play important roles in mucosal host defense and can prevent infectious diseases. Because bacterial populations develop during the first day of life, the authors examined whether the early administration of bifidobacteria has a positive effect on the health of low birth weight ...
Kumar Praveen - - 2004
Heparin is frequently used in preterm infants to prolong the patency of intravascular catheters. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of heparin-dependent platelet-activating antibodies in newborns. A cross-section of all preterm newborn infants expected to require heparin to maintain patency of a central venous access line ...
Salonvaara Marjut - - 2004
The development of the coagulation and anticoagulation system in preterm infants was assessed, with special emphasis on extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants and haemorrhagic or other complications after birth. Coagulation factors II (prothrombin), V (FV), VII (FVII) and X (FX) were analysed at birth and at a corrected age ...
Ketkeaw Krit - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence and risk factors of nephrocalcinosis in very low birth weight infants. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Medical records of inborn infants with gestational age less than 32 weeks or birth weight less than 1,250 grams were collected and analyzed. All infants were born at King Chulalongkorn Memorial ...
Gordon Rachel A - - 2004
This paper examined whether the greater average schooling and employment, and lower parenting competence, of young mothers who reside with adult relatives reflect preexisting differences versus potential causal mechanisms. The sample included 554 young mothers (ages 13 to 25; nearly two thirds African American) from the Infant Health and Development ...
Stoll Barbara J - - 2004
To determine the rates of Enterobacter sakazakii (ES) infections among very low birth weight infants, culture data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network were reviewed. Only one case of ES sepsis was identified among 10660 neonates. These data suggest that outside of the ...
Kinouchi Keiko - - 2004
The opportunities for very low birth weight infants (birth weight < 1500 g) and extremely low birth weight infants (birth weight < 1000 g) to undergo surgery are increasing. These infants are prone to prematurity-related morbidities including respiratory distress syndrome, intraventricular haemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, retinopathy of prematurity, patent ductus arteriosus ...
Abdelmoneim I - - 2004
This study examined the role of women's work as a possible determinant (among others) of low birth weight in the population of women followed in a Primary Health Care (PHC) center in Abha, Southern Saudi Arabia. All antenatal care files for all deliveries in the preceding 5 years were studied ...
Vanhole C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To develop a safe and accurate method for the administration in the neonatal intensive care unit of several potent medications as a continuous infusion without overloading the infant, especially the very low birth weight (VLBW) infant by diluents. METHOD: The method designed is based on a weight-adapted solution limiting ...
Neggers Yasmin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence is increasingly recognized as a potentially modifiable risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes. This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between abuse during pregnancy or within the last year and low birth weight and preterm birth. METHODS: From 1997 to 2001, 3149 low income, relatively low-risk ...
Shi L - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The study tests the extent to which primary care physician supply (office based primary care physicians per 10 000 population) moderates the association between social inequalities and infant mortality and low birth weight throughout the 50 states of the USA. DESIGN: Pooled cross sectional, time series analysis of ...
Hujoel Philippe P - - 2004
CONTEXT: Both high- and low-dose radiation exposures in women have been associated with low-birth-weight offspring. It is unclear if radiation affects the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis and thereby indirectly birth weight, or if the radiation directly affects the reproductive organs. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether antepartum dental radiography is associated with low-birth-weight offspring. ...
Foss Karen - - 2004
This case report describes a 27-week, 1040-g infant, whose mother presented with an acute abruption and fetal distress prompting emergency cesarean birth. The birth was further complicated by fetal malposition, manual version, birth trauma, and perinatal depression requiring intubation, ventilation, and chest compressions. On day of life (DOL) 7, the ...
Kato Toru - - 2004
The aim of this study is to clarify the evolutional changes of the popliteal angle in low birth weight infants during the first year of life. The popliteal angle was measured at 1, 4, 8, and 12 months of corrected age on routine physical examination of 204 appropriate-for-date infants who ...
Filippi Luca - - 2004
Hyperkalaemia is a life-threatening electrolyte disorder that can occur in the first week of life in almost 50% of preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1000 g [extremely low birth weight (ELBW)]. Serum potassium values higher than 7 mmol x l-1 are associated with cardiac arrhythmias and an ...
Keeton Kristie - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine if birth outcomes for Medicaid recipients were improved with participation in the Illinois Family Case Management Program. METHODS: Health program data files were linked with the 1996 Illinois Vital Records linked birth-death certificate file. Logistic regression was used to characterize the ...
Bae Young-Min - - 2004
Total 36 reports on the mortality rates (MRs) of low birth weight infants (LBWI) and very LBWI (VLBWI) in Korea from the 1967 through 2001 were analyzed. We compared the changes in the MR by 5 and 10-yr interval. The MRs observed by 5-yr intervals from the early 1960s through ...
Litmanovitz Ita - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between changes in bone turnover markers and bone strength of very low birth weight infants during the first eight postnatal weeks. STUDY DESIGN: Twelve very low birth weight premature infants [mean gestational age: 28.4 +/- 0.6 weeks, mean birth weight: 1131 +/- 62 grams] participated ...
Hennermann Julia B - - 2004
Hyperphenylalaninemia in preterm neonates with heterozygosity for phenylketonuria has previously not been described. We report on a very low birth weight infant, born at a gestational age of 27+5 weeks with a birth weight of 1080 g. Due to a positive family history prenatal diagnosis for phenylketonuria was performed, revealing ...
Suresh Santhanam - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Peripheral nerve blocks can be successfully utilized in infants for neurosurgical procedures. Our objective was utilizing a series of peripheral nerve blocks for a neurosurgical procedure in a very low-birth-weight neonate. CASE REPORT: We report the use of supraorbital, great auricular, and greater occipital nerve block in ...
Tang Mei-Ping - - 2004
The objective of this study is to compare the neurodevelopmental outcome between very low birth weight infants with and without sonographic disproportionate enlargement of occipital horn. We retrospectively reviewed the brain sonography of all very low birth weight infants born at National Taiwan University Hospital between June 1997 and June ...
Dickute Jolanta - - 2004
AIM: To evaluate the importance of maternal socio-economic factors on the risk of low birth weight in Lithuania. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The case-control study involved 851 newborns with low birth weight (<2500 g) (cases) and 851 newborns with normal weight (controls). Study was accomplished from 1st February, 2001 until 31st ...
Latini G - - 2004
Neonatal status epilepticus (SE) is very rare and, to date, very little information exists on SE in preterm infants. Here, we report recurrent SE as a result of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in an extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infant, who had favorable neurodevelopment at a corrected age of 2 years. This ...
Hendrickson Richard J - - 2003
Management of giant omphalocele in a full-term neonate is a challenging clinical situation. Even more challenging is giant omphalocele in a premature low-birth-weight infant. The authors describe a successful staged noninvasive technique for the management of giant omphalocele in a premature, low-birth-weight neonate without the use of prosthetic material until ...
Fujimoto Chizu - - 2003
We applied the integrated backscatter (IBS) imaging system to the evaluation of the normal neonatal brain of different birth-weights: extremely low-birth-weight (N=13), very-low-birth-weight (N=14), low-birth weight (N=14), and normal birth weight (N=19). The IBS values in six regions of interest, the deep white matter, subcortical white matter, choroid plexus, thalamus, ...
Moser K - - 2003
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine social inequalities and trends in low birth weight in England and Wales. DESIGN: Analysis of routine birth data, comparing (a) couple and sole registered births, and (b) manual and non-manual occupational groups. SETTING: England and Wales, 1993-2000. MAIN RESULTS: Social inequalities in low birth weight were ...
Toki Akira - - 2003
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to describe the ultrasonographic findings of the patent processus vaginalis (PPV) in neonates. METHODS: The patency of the processus vaginalis was examined by ultrasonography in 117 neonates. The ultrasonographic findings, with increment and decrement of the intraabdominal pressure, were categorized into 6 types ...
Laskowska Marzena - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) in the third trimester placenta from normotensive women and the correlation between placental AT1R immunoreactivity and infant birth weight. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was carried out on 18 healthy normotensive patients with singleton uncomplicated pregnancies. Immunohistochemistry was used to examine ...
Litmanovitz Ita - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of early range-of-motion intervention on bone strength and bone turnover in very low birth weight infants. METHODS: Twenty-four infants (mean birth weight: 1135 +/- 247 g; mean gestational age: 28.5 +/- 2.3 weeks) were matched for gestational age and birth weight and then randomly assigned ...
Kramer Michael S - - 2003
This paper provides an overview of the occurrence, etiology and temporal trends of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Disparities between developed and developing countries are highlighted for maternal mortality, infant mortality, stillbirth and low birth weight. The higher rate of low birth weight in developing countries is primarily due to intrauterine growth ...
Bauer Sofia - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in preterm neonates ranges between 4 and 25%. The need for a radiologic investigation has not yet been established in very low birth weight premature newborns (<1500 g birth weight). PATIENTS AND METHODS: For an 11-year period (1990 to 2001), medical records ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >