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Results 301 - 350 of 778
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Olowonyo, T; ;
The data for this study was extracted from the Health Information reported by the health facilities in the state to the State Ministry of Health. The purpose of the study was to determine the incidence of low birth weight in the State and some factors associated with it. The study ...
Hernandez-Valencia Marcelino - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight is an independent risk factor for impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and diabetes in adult life. This risk extends to both preterm and term infants, a particularly important finding given the increased survival of low-birth-weight infants with improvements in neonatal care. One potential strategy for prevention of ...
Bonacorsi Stéphane - - 2006
We describe a case of nosocomial maternal transmission of Bordetella pertussis to a very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) neonate in whom treatment was unsuccessful. This case underscores the need for rapid and sensitive PCR diagnosis in VLBW neonates and in parents with clinical signs of pertussis and suggests that standard treatment may not ...
Wong Ka Kit - - 2006
Intracranial fungal infection is increasingly seen in the neonatal intensive care setting, with premature infants at greatest risk. We report a case of fungal ventriculitis in an extremely low birth weight neonate due to Candida species. Cranial sonographic examination revealed extensive ventricular stranding with complete resolution in response to therapy.
Burwell Lauren A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections with Candida species have a high mortality rate in very low birth weight infants. Preliminary data suggest that prophylaxis with fluconazole reduces the incidence of colonization and invasive Candida infections in high-risk, very low birth weight neonates. The extent of antifungal prophylaxis use to prevent neonatal candidemia ...
Khattak Asif Z - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Maturation of the autonomic nervous system has not been studied in high-risk very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in the first few weeks of life. AIM: To characterize developmental changes in autonomic nervous system activity of high-risk VLBW infants from 23 to 38 weeks post-menstrual age by measuring heart ...
Kusuda Satoshi - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to describe the characteristics and morbidity of very low birth weight infants, to identify the medical intervention for these infants, and to evaluate the factors affecting the mortality of these infants among the participating hospitals. METHODS: A large multicenter neonatal research network that ...
Ramos Sandra Regina Piovezani - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare the beginning of eruption of the first deciduous tooth in preterm infants (<38 weeks) with full-term infants (38 and 42 weeks) of normal birth weight ((3)2.500g), low birth weight (< 2.500g) and very low birth weight (<1.500g), in order to ...
Cotten C Michael - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that incidence of invasive candidiasis varies substantially among centers, and previous use of broad-spectrum antibiotics is a risk factor for candidiasis in extremely low birth-weight infants. Differences in center practices, such as antibiotic strategies and the effects of these strategies on center incidence of candidiasis, ...
Härtel Christoph - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Recent investigations have reported an influence of thrombophilic mutations and antithrombotic risk factors with development of intraventricular hemorrhage. It was our objective for this study to investigate the impact of genetic polymorphisms of hemostasis genes on the primary outcome measures of sepsis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, intraventricular hemorrhage, and periventricular leukomalacia ...
Silva Antônio Augusto Moura da - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Low birth weight children are unusual among well-off families. However, in Brazil, low birth weight rate was higher in a more developed city than in a less developed one. The study objective was to find out the reasons to explain this paradox. METHODS: A study was carried out in ...
Frankenbusch K - - 2006
Primary cutaneous aspergillosis is a rare, life-threatening, infectious complication in premature infants that may result in fulminant sepsis and subsequent multi-organ failure. In the past decade, the incidence of primary aspergillosis has increased significantly, whereas the high morbidity and mortality of invasive aspergillosis remains unaltered. In vitro studies reveal that ...
Seckl Jonathan R - - 2006
Epidemiological data have linked an adverse fetal environment with increased risks of cardiovascular, metabolic, neuroendocrine, and psychiatric disorders in adulthood. Prenatal stress and/or glucocorticoid excess might underlie this link. In animal models, prenatal stress, glucocorticoid exposure or inhibition/knockout of 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11 beta-HSD-2), the feto-placental barrier to ...
Whitfield Jonathan M - - 2006
Insufficient nutrient supply in preterm infants and protein deprivation in particular can represent a nutritional emergency. It can cause many of the features of the starvation response, including insulin resistance and hyperglycemia, as well as growth failure and neurological injury. At Baylor University Medical Center, we began providing intravenous protein ...
Evensen Kari Anne Indredavik - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Motor problems in low birth weight children may be related to problems in sensorimotor integration processes. Specific tests of inter- and intra-modal matching have not been used in low birth weight populations. AIM: Examine whether low birth weight adolescents have poorer performance in inter- and intra-modal matching than normal ...
Drotar Dennis - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to document the impact and burden of extremely low birth weight (<1000 g) and associated problems on the families of school-aged children in a controlled study. The study was also designed to document the salient predictors of individual differences of family impact within ...
Testa M - - 2006
AIM: The specific aim of the study was to determine the correlation between the severity of pathology, the amount of blood removed for diagnostic purposes in the 1st week of life and the incidence of early anaemia in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: We recorded the level of ...
Yadav Y R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic third Ventriculostomy (ETV) is one of the surgical options for obstructive hydrocephalus. There are varying opinions about results of ETV in infants. We are therefore presenting the results of ETV in 54 infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study of 54 infants undergoing ETV in our institution in ...
Yalaz Mehmet - - 2006
Candida septicaemia with multidrug resistance is an uncommon event in preterm neonates. We present an extremely low birth weight infant (gestational age of 27 weeks, birth weight of 980 g) who developed congenital Candida parapsilosis septicaemia. Because the fungus was resistant both to amphotericin B and fluconazole, caspofungin was chosen ...
Bhatia J - - 2006
Fluid and electrolyte management in the very low birth weight infant is critical to survival. The amount of fluid present in the plasma, interstitial fluid, and cellular fluid changes throughout the fetal and neonatal period, presenting a challenging situation. One of the many factors influencing fluid requirements is the insensible ...
Uko Smart - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether targeted short-term fluconazole prophylaxis reduces late-onset (>3 days of age) invasive fungal infection (IFI) among very low birth weight infants and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants and to assess mortality rates, toxicity, and costs associated with this intervention. METHODS: An observational study of 2 subsequent ...
Ambalavanan N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To predict death or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in extremely low birth weight infants by classification trees with recursive partitioning and automatic selection of optimal cut points of variables. STUDY DESIGN: Data from the Trial of Indomethacin Prophylaxis in Preterms were randomly divided into development (n=784) and validation sets (n=262). ...
Hoehn Rene - - 2006
Glycopeptide-resistant Enterococcus faecium has emerged as an important nosocomial pathogen with limited therapeutic options. Here we report the successful treatment of glycopeptide-resistant E. faecium infection in two very low birth weight premature infants with the new oxazolidinone linezolid. Treatment with linezolid at a dosage of 10 mg/kg every 8 h ...
Allegaert Karel - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Important inter-individual variability in amikacin clearance was observed in preterm infants, only in part explained by gestational age (GA), birth weight, or coadministration of nonselective cyclo-oxygenase (COX) inhibitor. We therefore evaluated whether dopamine had an additional effect on amikacin clearance. METHODS: Clinical characteristics (GA, weight, COX inhibitor, dopamine, prenatal ...
Mullany L C - - 2006
To determine the accuracy of a low cost, spring calibrated, hand held scale in classifying newborns into three weight categories (> or =2500 g, 2000-2499 g, <2000 g). The test device was compared to a gold standard digital baby scale with precision to 2 g. In Sarlahi district, Nepal, 1890 ...
Rodrigues Maura C C de - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between very low birth weight and learning difficulties at school by means of a systematic review of the literature, identifying patterns of learning difficulties among these schoolchildren, possible cognitive correlations, peculiarities of the lowest birth weight ranges and any interference with outcomes by socioeconomic and/or ...
Mart?nez Sesmero Jos? Manuel - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: To describe the establishment of a fungal chemoprophylaxis protocol in very low birth weight infants (VLBW). To asses safety, tolerability, and effectiveness of fluconazole administration to these patients. METHOD: According to published scientific evidence (search on MEDLINE 1994-2001) inclusion criteria for the protocol were defined: gestational age <28 weeks ...
Schenk Laura Kearney - - 2005
Two models of maternal-infant attachment, one related to full-term newborns (Goulet, Bell, St-Cyr Tribble, Paul, & Lang, 1998), and one including premature infants (Bialoskurski, Cox, & Hayes, 1999), are examined. The elements of both models are integrated into a more comprehensive model. Implicit organizational components are made explicit, and a ...
Emusu Donath - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the risk for fetal growth inhibition among gastroschisis-afflicted fetuses is heightened among younger gravidas (teen mothers). METHOD: This was a retrospective cohort study on live-born infants with isolated gastroschisis delivered in New York State from 1983 through 1999. We compared infants of mature (>20 years) mothers ...
Overall A D J - - 2005
We investigated whether birth weight and neonatal survival, a period within which 24% of all mortalities occur, were correlated with levels of inbreeding in St Kilda Soay sheep, using pedigree inbreeding coefficients and four marker-based estimators of inbreeding. None of the inbreeding estimators, either of the offspring, or of their ...
Tauzin L - - 2005
Several studies suggest that adverse events during foetal life can program cardiovascular diseases in adulthood. Barker et al. identified a relationship between low birth weight and an increased risk of arterial hypertension, carotid arteriosclerosis, and mortality by coronary heart disease or stroke in adulthood. These findings led to the "foetal ...
Vohr Betty R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the impact of changes in perinatal management on neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) at 18 to 22 months' corrected age of low gestation (22-26 weeks) and higher gestation (27-32 weeks) extremely low birth weight infants (401-1000 g birth weight) who were cared for in the National Institute of ...
Chen Pei-Chyi - - 2005
Survival rate of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants has much improved in recent years. However, neurodevelopmental outcomes are still of the most concerned to such infants' parents. In order to survey survival rate, neurodevelopmental outcome and prognostic factors in these infants, we did a retrospective study of VLBW infants who were admitted ...
Chen Ming-Ren - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The increased survival of low birth weight infants means that more of these infants may be candidates for cardiac catheterization. There is a lack of data from Taiwan on the results of cardiac catheterization in these infants. This study investigated the outcome of cardiac catheterization in infants ...
Parkash Jai - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To document the number, disease pattern and outcome of patients admitted to neonatal unit. DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The study was conducted in the Neonatal Unit of National Institute of Child Health, Karachi, Pakistan from 1st January 2001 to 31st December 2001. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Chen Dafang - - 2005
This study investigated the association between polymorphisms in cytochrome P450 genes (CYP1A1MspI, CYP1A1HincII, and CYP2E1) and low birth weight. Between July 1999 and June 2002, we conducted a study using infant-parents triads in Anqing, China. The analyses included the families of 248 normal birth weight, full-term infants, and 248 low-birth-weight ...
Adamkin David H - - 2005
Extremely low birth weight infants may experience periods of moderate to severe undernutrition during the acute phase of their respiratory problems. This undernutrition contributes to early growth deficits in these patients and may have long-lasting effects, including poor neurodevelopmental outcome. Early postnatal intravenous amino-acid administration and early enteral feeding strategies ...
Kwiterovich Peter O PO - - 2005
CONTEXT: Low birth weight is associated with increased cardiovascular disease in adulthood, and differences in the molecular weight, composition, and quantity of lipoprotein subclasses are associated with coronary artery disease. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are novel patterns of lipoprotein heterogeneity in low-birth-weight infants. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective study ...
Hack Maureen - - 2005
As part of a longitudinal study of the outcomes of very low birth weight children (<1.5 kg), we sought to examine the perinatal, childhood, and young adult predictors of internalizing symptoms among very low birth weight young women and their normal birth weight controls. The cohort included 125 very low ...
Iacono G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: During the first months of life, infants can suffer from many 'minor' gastroenterological disturbances. However, little is known about the frequency of these problems and the factors which predispose or facilitate their onset. AIMS: (a) To ascertain the frequency of the most common gastrointestinal symptoms in infants during the ...
Buduneli Nurcan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Pre-term delivery of low-birth-weight infants [pre-term low birth weight (PLBW)] remains a significant public health issue and a major cause of neonatal death and long-term health problems. There is a growing consensus that infections remote from fetal-placental unit may influence PLBW infants. Recent studies have suggested that maternal periodontal ...
Hajnal Beatrice Latal - - 2005
This study describes time trends for very low birth weight multiple births in relation to very low birth weight singletons. Two cohorts of very low birth weight (less than 1250 gm) children recruited between 1983-85 (cohort 1, n = 115) and 1992-94 (cohort 2, n = 144) were compared. The ...
Gisselmann Marit D - - 2005
AIMS: Educational differences in infant mortality, birth weight, and birth weight-specific infant mortality in Sweden were analysed. The "low birth weight paradox", where low birth weight infants have a lower mortality risk if born to women of lower rather than higher social strata, was addressed. METHODS: The study includes about ...
Mindel Graeme - - 2005
The etiological factors responsible for the hypertensive phenotype are complex and several experimental and clinical observations point to a major role of the kidney as being responsible. Genetic studies of uncommon diseases which express monogenetic inheritance all have in common a dysregulation of Na+ balance and volume expansion. Furthermore, epidemiological ...
Reichman Nancy E - - 2005
In the United States black women have for decades been twice as likely as white women to give birth to babies of low birth weight who are at elevated risk for developmental disabilities. Does the black-white disparity in low birth weight contribute to the racial disparity in readiness? The author ...
Upadhyaya Chitra - - 2005
Serum antioxidant status and peroxidative stress was estimated in 30 pregnant women, their newborn infants and 25 non-pregnant women. Serum Ascorbic acid, α-tocopherol, retinol & β-carotene levels were found to be significantly reduced and peroxidative stress was significantly higher in mothers as compared to matched non-pregnant women. Newborn had significantly ...
Reed Mary M - - 2005
The birth outcomes of undocumented women have not been systematically studied on a large scale. The growing number of undocumented women giving birth in the United States has important implications for clinical care and public health policy. The objective of this study was to describe birth outcomes of undocumented immigrants ...
Gounaris Antonis - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) is frequently used for prolonged periods in very low birth weight infants. We asked if NCPAP affects gastric emptying. STUDY DESIGN: Preterm newborn infants (n = 16) with a mean body weight of 935 g (SD, 155) and a mean gestational age of ...
Kapfer Stephanie A - - 2004
The association between hepatoblastoma and low birth weight documented recently in the literature has yet to be well explained, in particular the suggestion that these patients may have a more aggressive form of the disease. From 1989 to 2003, our institution treated four patients for hepatoblastoma who had birth weights ...
Li Yudong - - 2004
BACKGROUND: It is known that the bifidobacteria flora play important roles in mucosal host defense and can prevent infectious diseases. Because bacterial populations develop during the first day of life, the authors examined whether the early administration of bifidobacteria has a positive effect on the health of low birth weight ...
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