Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 746
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Mbazor O J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Low birth weight (less than 2500g) is a cause of increased neonatal morbidity and mortality. This study aims to determine the incidence of and risk factors associated with delivery of low birth weight singletons at term at UBTH, Benin City. STUDY DESIGN: This was a review of retrospective data ...
Phibbs Ciaran S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There has been a large increase in both the number of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in community hospitals and the complexity of the cases treated in these units. We examined differences in neonatal mortality among infants with very low birth weight (below 1500 g) among NICUs with various ...
Wong Alice Y K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Detailed description and follow-up of a patient with atypical polypoid adenomyoma and infertility, from investigation until delivery of a healthy baby. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Tertiary infertility center. PATIENT(S): A patient suffering from persistent APA and infertility. INTERVENTION(S): Danggui (Angelica sinensis) and low-dose aspirin. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Pregnancy and ...
Martins P G - - 2007
Refractory hypotension is frequent in very low-birth weight infants, whose hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis has been suggested to be immature. The objective of the present study was to evaluate basal cortisol and 17-alpha-OH-progesterone in the first 36 h of life in preterm infants with and without refractory hypotension (mean arterial blood pressure ...
Chuang Yao-Chia - - 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate the neurodevelopmental outcome in very low birth weight infants with postnatal subependymal cysts. During a 3-year period, postnatal subependymal cysts were diagnosed by serial cranial ultrasound in 21 very low birth weight infants born prior to 33 weeks' gestation. These infants and ...
Noonan Kelly - - 2007
We estimate the effect of illicit drug use during pregnancy on two measures of poor infant health: low birth weight and abnormal infant health conditions. We use data from a national longitudinal study of urban parents that includes postpartum interviews with mothers, hospital medical record data on the mothers and ...
Rohana J - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: We report part of the findings of a study conducted to determine the correlation between bone mineral content (BMC) and biochemical bone markers in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, carried out between August 2001 and June 2004 in the neonatal intensive care ...
Konstantyner T - - 2007
The present study is a literature review to identify the effects of a very low birth weight newborn on family. This is an important instrument to clarify epidemiological issues and to suggest the directions for health policy efforts. A three-step review was carried out using databases of journals indexed for ...
Grunau Ruth E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the developmental trajectory of cortisol levels in preterm infants after hospital discharge. STUDY DESIGN: In a cohort of 225 infants (gestational age at birth <33 weeks) basal salivary cortisol levels were compared in infants born at extremely low gestational age (ELGA, 23-28 weeks), very low ...
Tielsch James M - - 2007
Hospital-based data from Africa suggest that newborn skin-cleansing with chlorhexidine may reduce neonatal mortality. Evaluation of this intervention in the communities where most births occur in the home has not been done. Our objective was to assess the efficacy of a 1-time skin-cleansing of newborn infants with 0.25% chlorhexidine on ...
Korres S G - - 2007
The effect of very low birth weight on otoacoustic emissions. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of very low birth weight (VLBW) on the measurement of transiently evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) in newborns. METHODS: TEOAEs were recorded in all VLBW newborns (birth weight < 1500 ...
Tommiska Viena - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to investigate whether outcome in extremely low birth weight infants changes over time in Finland. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All infants with a birth weight <1000 g born in Finland in 1996-1997 and 1999-2000 were included in the study. Perinatal and follow-up data were collected in a ...
Wilson-Costello Deanne - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental impairment of extremely low birth weight infants increased in the 1990s. Modern therapeutic changes may have influenced more recent neonatal outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare neonatal therapies and outcomes among all extremely low birth weight infants born in 2000-2002 (period III) to 2 previous periods: 1982-1989 (period ...
Tea Illa - - 2007
The depletion of glutathione (GSH) reported in very-low-birth-weight infants is implicated in several pathologies, especially if deficiency occurs during foetal development. The cause of this depletion is suggested to be modification of GSH turnover. To probe the role of GSH, a reliable non-invasive method adapted to very-low-birth-weight infants is required. ...
Verner A - - 2007
Taurine is the most abundant free amino acid in breast milk. Evidence exists that taurine has important roles in intestinal fat absorption, hepatic function, and auditory and visual development in preterm or low birth weight infants. Observational data suggest that relative taurine deficiency during the neonatal period is associated with ...
Taylor H Gerry - - 2006
A cohort of 219 children with extremely low birth weight (<1000 g, extremely low birth weight [ELBW]) born from 1992 to 1995 was followed to mean age 8 years to evaluate outcomes and identify risk factors. We compared 204 of these children with 176 term-born normal birth weight (NBW) controls ...
Haberland Corinna A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Despite evidence and recommendations encouraging the delivery of high-risk newborns in hospitals with subspecialty or high-level NICUs, increasing numbers are being delivered in other facilities. Causes for this are unknown. We sought to explore the impact of diffusion of specialty or midlevel NICUs on the types of hospitals in ...
McDevitt H - - 2007
For a number of reasons there is a need to explore reliable non-invasive methods for assessing bone health in neonates and young infants. Epidemiological studies suggest that early events in life may predispose the adult to degenerative diseases such as osteoporosis. Preterm infants have an increased risk of low bone ...
Sato Kiminori - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Advances in medicine have improved the survival of infants with increasingly lower birth weights. The histopathologic changes of intubation-related laryngeal injury in extremely low-birth weight infants (less than 1,000 g) have not been well known. We examined histopathologic changes in infant larynges, including extremely low-birth weight infants, after endotracheal ...
Shulman Shanna - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In this study, I examined the relative odds of achievement of preventive care goals during the first year of life and retention of Medicaid coverage at the end of the first year among Medicaid-enrolled low birth weight infants. Association with maternal prenatal health promotion was also considered. METHODOLOGY: I ...
Olowonyo, T; ;
The data for this study was extracted from the Health Information reported by the health facilities in the state to the State Ministry of Health. The purpose of the study was to determine the incidence of low birth weight in the State and some factors associated with it. The study ...
Hernandez-Valencia Marcelino - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight is an independent risk factor for impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and diabetes in adult life. This risk extends to both preterm and term infants, a particularly important finding given the increased survival of low-birth-weight infants with improvements in neonatal care. One potential strategy for prevention of ...
Bonacorsi Stéphane - - 2006
We describe a case of nosocomial maternal transmission of Bordetella pertussis to a very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) neonate in whom treatment was unsuccessful. This case underscores the need for rapid and sensitive PCR diagnosis in VLBW neonates and in parents with clinical signs of pertussis and suggests that standard treatment may not ...
Wong Ka Kit - - 2006
Intracranial fungal infection is increasingly seen in the neonatal intensive care setting, with premature infants at greatest risk. We report a case of fungal ventriculitis in an extremely low birth weight neonate due to Candida species. Cranial sonographic examination revealed extensive ventricular stranding with complete resolution in response to therapy.
Burwell Lauren A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections with Candida species have a high mortality rate in very low birth weight infants. Preliminary data suggest that prophylaxis with fluconazole reduces the incidence of colonization and invasive Candida infections in high-risk, very low birth weight neonates. The extent of antifungal prophylaxis use to prevent neonatal candidemia ...
Khattak Asif Z - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Maturation of the autonomic nervous system has not been studied in high-risk very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in the first few weeks of life. AIM: To characterize developmental changes in autonomic nervous system activity of high-risk VLBW infants from 23 to 38 weeks post-menstrual age by measuring heart ...
Kusuda Satoshi - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to describe the characteristics and morbidity of very low birth weight infants, to identify the medical intervention for these infants, and to evaluate the factors affecting the mortality of these infants among the participating hospitals. METHODS: A large multicenter neonatal research network that ...
Ramos Sandra Regina Piovezani - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare the beginning of eruption of the first deciduous tooth in preterm infants (<38 weeks) with full-term infants (38 and 42 weeks) of normal birth weight ((3)2.500g), low birth weight (< 2.500g) and very low birth weight (<1.500g), in order to ...
Cotten C Michael - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that incidence of invasive candidiasis varies substantially among centers, and previous use of broad-spectrum antibiotics is a risk factor for candidiasis in extremely low birth-weight infants. Differences in center practices, such as antibiotic strategies and the effects of these strategies on center incidence of candidiasis, ...
Härtel Christoph - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Recent investigations have reported an influence of thrombophilic mutations and antithrombotic risk factors with development of intraventricular hemorrhage. It was our objective for this study to investigate the impact of genetic polymorphisms of hemostasis genes on the primary outcome measures of sepsis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, intraventricular hemorrhage, and periventricular leukomalacia ...
Silva Antônio Augusto Moura da - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Low birth weight children are unusual among well-off families. However, in Brazil, low birth weight rate was higher in a more developed city than in a less developed one. The study objective was to find out the reasons to explain this paradox. METHODS: A study was carried out in ...
Frankenbusch K - - 2006
Primary cutaneous aspergillosis is a rare, life-threatening, infectious complication in premature infants that may result in fulminant sepsis and subsequent multi-organ failure. In the past decade, the incidence of primary aspergillosis has increased significantly, whereas the high morbidity and mortality of invasive aspergillosis remains unaltered. In vitro studies reveal that ...
Seckl Jonathan R - - 2006
Epidemiological data have linked an adverse fetal environment with increased risks of cardiovascular, metabolic, neuroendocrine, and psychiatric disorders in adulthood. Prenatal stress and/or glucocorticoid excess might underlie this link. In animal models, prenatal stress, glucocorticoid exposure or inhibition/knockout of 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11 beta-HSD-2), the feto-placental barrier to ...
Whitfield Jonathan M - - 2006
Insufficient nutrient supply in preterm infants and protein deprivation in particular can represent a nutritional emergency. It can cause many of the features of the starvation response, including insulin resistance and hyperglycemia, as well as growth failure and neurological injury. At Baylor University Medical Center, we began providing intravenous protein ...
Evensen Kari Anne Indredavik - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Motor problems in low birth weight children may be related to problems in sensorimotor integration processes. Specific tests of inter- and intra-modal matching have not been used in low birth weight populations. AIM: Examine whether low birth weight adolescents have poorer performance in inter- and intra-modal matching than normal ...
Drotar Dennis - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to document the impact and burden of extremely low birth weight (<1000 g) and associated problems on the families of school-aged children in a controlled study. The study was also designed to document the salient predictors of individual differences of family impact within ...
Testa M - - 2006
AIM: The specific aim of the study was to determine the correlation between the severity of pathology, the amount of blood removed for diagnostic purposes in the 1st week of life and the incidence of early anaemia in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: We recorded the level of ...
Yadav Y R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic third Ventriculostomy (ETV) is one of the surgical options for obstructive hydrocephalus. There are varying opinions about results of ETV in infants. We are therefore presenting the results of ETV in 54 infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study of 54 infants undergoing ETV in our institution in ...
Yalaz Mehmet - - 2006
Candida septicaemia with multidrug resistance is an uncommon event in preterm neonates. We present an extremely low birth weight infant (gestational age of 27 weeks, birth weight of 980 g) who developed congenital Candida parapsilosis septicaemia. Because the fungus was resistant both to amphotericin B and fluconazole, caspofungin was chosen ...
Bhatia J - - 2006
Fluid and electrolyte management in the very low birth weight infant is critical to survival. The amount of fluid present in the plasma, interstitial fluid, and cellular fluid changes throughout the fetal and neonatal period, presenting a challenging situation. One of the many factors influencing fluid requirements is the insensible ...
Uko Smart - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether targeted short-term fluconazole prophylaxis reduces late-onset (>3 days of age) invasive fungal infection (IFI) among very low birth weight infants and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants and to assess mortality rates, toxicity, and costs associated with this intervention. METHODS: An observational study of 2 subsequent ...
Ambalavanan N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To predict death or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in extremely low birth weight infants by classification trees with recursive partitioning and automatic selection of optimal cut points of variables. STUDY DESIGN: Data from the Trial of Indomethacin Prophylaxis in Preterms were randomly divided into development (n=784) and validation sets (n=262). ...
Hoehn Rene - - 2006
Glycopeptide-resistant Enterococcus faecium has emerged as an important nosocomial pathogen with limited therapeutic options. Here we report the successful treatment of glycopeptide-resistant E. faecium infection in two very low birth weight premature infants with the new oxazolidinone linezolid. Treatment with linezolid at a dosage of 10 mg/kg every 8 h ...
Allegaert Karel - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Important inter-individual variability in amikacin clearance was observed in preterm infants, only in part explained by gestational age (GA), birth weight, or coadministration of nonselective cyclo-oxygenase (COX) inhibitor. We therefore evaluated whether dopamine had an additional effect on amikacin clearance. METHODS: Clinical characteristics (GA, weight, COX inhibitor, dopamine, prenatal ...
Mullany L C - - 2006
To determine the accuracy of a low cost, spring calibrated, hand held scale in classifying newborns into three weight categories (> or =2500 g, 2000-2499 g, <2000 g). The test device was compared to a gold standard digital baby scale with precision to 2 g. In Sarlahi district, Nepal, 1890 ...
Rodrigues Maura C C de - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between very low birth weight and learning difficulties at school by means of a systematic review of the literature, identifying patterns of learning difficulties among these schoolchildren, possible cognitive correlations, peculiarities of the lowest birth weight ranges and any interference with outcomes by socioeconomic and/or ...
Mart?nez Sesmero Jos? Manuel - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: To describe the establishment of a fungal chemoprophylaxis protocol in very low birth weight infants (VLBW). To asses safety, tolerability, and effectiveness of fluconazole administration to these patients. METHOD: According to published scientific evidence (search on MEDLINE 1994-2001) inclusion criteria for the protocol were defined: gestational age <28 weeks ...
Schenk Laura Kearney - - 2005
Two models of maternal-infant attachment, one related to full-term newborns (Goulet, Bell, St-Cyr Tribble, Paul, & Lang, 1998), and one including premature infants (Bialoskurski, Cox, & Hayes, 1999), are examined. The elements of both models are integrated into a more comprehensive model. Implicit organizational components are made explicit, and a ...
Emusu Donath - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the risk for fetal growth inhibition among gastroschisis-afflicted fetuses is heightened among younger gravidas (teen mothers). METHOD: This was a retrospective cohort study on live-born infants with isolated gastroschisis delivered in New York State from 1983 through 1999. We compared infants of mature (>20 years) mothers ...
Overall A D J - - 2005
We investigated whether birth weight and neonatal survival, a period within which 24% of all mortalities occur, were correlated with levels of inbreeding in St Kilda Soay sheep, using pedigree inbreeding coefficients and four marker-based estimators of inbreeding. None of the inbreeding estimators, either of the offspring, or of their ...
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