Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 769
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Bombell Sarah - - 2008
The introduction of progressive enteral feeds for very low birth weight infants is often delayed for several days or longer after birth due to concern that earlier introduction may not be tolerated and may increase the risk of necrotising enterocolitis. However, delaying enteral feeding could diminish the functional adaptation of ...
Malcolm William F WF Department of Pediatrics/Neonatology, Box 3179, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2008
Our goals were (1) to determine the use of medications to treat gastroesophageal reflux in extremely low birth weight infants (birth weight of < 1000 g) at discharge; (2) to identify risk factors associated with the use of medications to treat gastroesophageal reflux at discharge; and (3) to assess the ...
Kobaly Kristen K Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2008
The goal was to evaluate whether changes in neonatal intensive care have improved outcomes for children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (oxygen dependence at corrected age of 36 weeks). We compared outcomes of extremely low birth weight (<1 kg) and extremely low gestational age (<28 weeks) infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia between 2 ...
Greer Frank R - - 2007
In appropriate-for-gestational-age preterm infants, data are reviewed to support that both high and low nutrient intakes, as well as fast or slow rates of growth in the neonatal intensive care unit, have long-term adverse (or even positive) effects on body weight and the metabolic syndrome later in life. Though more ...
Ahn Young-Mee YM Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to conduct a comparative analysis between the perception of parents with premature infants in the NICU and parents with full-term newborns, and in the process to evaluate the effects of NICU educational support on parents with regard to their perception of neonate and parental ...
Walden Rachel V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Studies of growth and neurodevelopmental impairment in extremely low birth weight infants often exclude infants with major congenital anomalies; thus, there are few outcome data available on these infants. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work was to compare growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely low birth weight infants with ...
Soares Fernanda V M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the resting metabolic rate in very low birth weight infants through indirect calorimetry. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 29 clinically stable very low birth weight infants receiving an enteral diet > 100 kcal/kg/day. Malnutrition was defined as weight-for-age z score < or = - 2 SD. Resting energy ...
Kugelman Amir - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify factors that were associated with death after discharge from the NICU of very low birth weight infants in a population-based study. METHODS: From a national cohort of 13,430 very low birth weight infants who were born in Israel from 1995 to ...
Takatera Akihiro - - 2007
Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) has various stimulatory effects on many types of immune cells. The purpose of our study was to characterize blood LPC levels and to determine the composition of LPC molecular species (LPCs) in the neonatal period. Thirty-six neonates were enrolled in this study and then grouped according to birth-weight ...
Rosen Daniel - - 2007
Estimates of intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy vary by population being studied, measures, and other methodological limitations, hindering the ability to gauge the relationship between IPV and negative birth outcomes. The authors report aggregated data from a subsample (n = 148) of the first three waves of the Women's ...
Paavonen E Juulia - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether very low birth weight (<1500 g) is associated with the risk of sleep-disordered breathing in young adulthood. METHODS: The study was a retrospective longitudinal study of 158 young adults born with very low birth weight and 169 term-born control subjects (aged 18.5-27.1 years). The principal outcome ...
Rodriguez, A N; ;
Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the outcome of kangaroo mother care (KMC) in low birth weight infants at a community hospital. Methods: This descriptive study included 87 mothers and their low birth weight infants who were in a stable condition and eligible for KMC at Dr ...
Hille Elysée T M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Young adults who were born very preterm or with a very low birth weight remain at risk for physical and neurodevelopmental problems and lower academic achievement scores. Data, however, are scarce, hospital based, mostly done in small populations, and need additional confirmation. METHODS: Infants who were born at < ...
Ochoa Julio J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study the evolution of lipid peroxidation, enzymatic antioxidants response, lipid profile and membrane fluidity in erythrocytes from very low birth weight (VLBW) infants during their first 7 days of extra-uterine life. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and twenty infants were selected and divided in two groups according to their ...
Darmstadt G L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE:To determine the accuracy and acceptability of a handheld scale prototype designed for nonliterate users to classify newborns into three weight categories (>or=2,500 g; 2,000 to 2,499 g; and <2,000 g). STUDY DESIGN: Weights of 1,100 newborns in Uttar Pradesh, India, were measured on the test scale and validated against ...
Venkataseshan Sundaram - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Septicemia activates coagulation and decreases activated protein C (APC). Low APC in adults is associated with multiorgan dysfunction and mortality, but such data in neonates are lacking. Being deficient in APC, neonates may be especially vulnerable to the effects of low APC. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted on ...
Osborn David A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to report the 1- and 3-year outcomes of preterm infants with low systemic blood flow in the first day and the effect of dobutamine versus dopamine for treatment of low systemic blood flow. METHODS: A cohort of 128 infants born at <30 weeks of gestation underwent ...
Broitman Eduardo - - 2007
To determine the relative contribution of clinical data versus head ultrasound scanning (HUS) in predicting neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in extremely low birth weight infants. A total of 2103 extremely low birth weight infants (<1000 g) admitted to a National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network center ...
Sritipsukho Suthida - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Determine the survivals, neonatal outcomes to hospital discharge, and perinatal risks of death among VLBW infants born in the Thammasat University Hospital. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a retrospective longitudinal study. Data were colleted from medical charts of all neonates with a gestational age of more than 25 weeks ...
Russell Rebecca B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate national hospital costs for infant admissions that are associated with preterm birth/low birth weight. METHODS: Infant (<1 year) hospital discharge data, including delivery, transfers, and readmissions, were analyzed by using the 2001 Nationwide Inpatient Sample from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization ...
Martin Helena - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Low maternal folate levels during pregnancy correlate with low birth weight, a perinatal risk factor for later cardiovascular disease. We studied relationships between red blood cell folate levels, birth weight, and vascular endothelial function (a key factor in the early pathophysiologic processes of heart disease) in newborn infants. METHODS: ...
Mbazor O J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Low birth weight (less than 2500g) is a cause of increased neonatal morbidity and mortality. This study aims to determine the incidence of and risk factors associated with delivery of low birth weight singletons at term at UBTH, Benin City. STUDY DESIGN: This was a review of retrospective data ...
Phibbs Ciaran S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There has been a large increase in both the number of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in community hospitals and the complexity of the cases treated in these units. We examined differences in neonatal mortality among infants with very low birth weight (below 1500 g) among NICUs with various ...
Wong Alice Y K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Detailed description and follow-up of a patient with atypical polypoid adenomyoma and infertility, from investigation until delivery of a healthy baby. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Tertiary infertility center. PATIENT(S): A patient suffering from persistent APA and infertility. INTERVENTION(S): Danggui (Angelica sinensis) and low-dose aspirin. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Pregnancy and ...
Martins P G - - 2007
Refractory hypotension is frequent in very low-birth weight infants, whose hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis has been suggested to be immature. The objective of the present study was to evaluate basal cortisol and 17-alpha-OH-progesterone in the first 36 h of life in preterm infants with and without refractory hypotension (mean arterial blood pressure ...
Chuang Yao-Chia - - 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate the neurodevelopmental outcome in very low birth weight infants with postnatal subependymal cysts. During a 3-year period, postnatal subependymal cysts were diagnosed by serial cranial ultrasound in 21 very low birth weight infants born prior to 33 weeks' gestation. These infants and ...
Noonan Kelly - - 2007
We estimate the effect of illicit drug use during pregnancy on two measures of poor infant health: low birth weight and abnormal infant health conditions. We use data from a national longitudinal study of urban parents that includes postpartum interviews with mothers, hospital medical record data on the mothers and ...
Rohana J - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: We report part of the findings of a study conducted to determine the correlation between bone mineral content (BMC) and biochemical bone markers in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, carried out between August 2001 and June 2004 in the neonatal intensive care ...
Konstantyner T - - 2007
The present study is a literature review to identify the effects of a very low birth weight newborn on family. This is an important instrument to clarify epidemiological issues and to suggest the directions for health policy efforts. A three-step review was carried out using databases of journals indexed for ...
Grunau Ruth E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the developmental trajectory of cortisol levels in preterm infants after hospital discharge. STUDY DESIGN: In a cohort of 225 infants (gestational age at birth <33 weeks) basal salivary cortisol levels were compared in infants born at extremely low gestational age (ELGA, 23-28 weeks), very low ...
Tielsch James M - - 2007
Hospital-based data from Africa suggest that newborn skin-cleansing with chlorhexidine may reduce neonatal mortality. Evaluation of this intervention in the communities where most births occur in the home has not been done. Our objective was to assess the efficacy of a 1-time skin-cleansing of newborn infants with 0.25% chlorhexidine on ...
Korres S G - - 2007
The effect of very low birth weight on otoacoustic emissions. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of very low birth weight (VLBW) on the measurement of transiently evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) in newborns. METHODS: TEOAEs were recorded in all VLBW newborns (birth weight < 1500 ...
Tommiska Viena - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to investigate whether outcome in extremely low birth weight infants changes over time in Finland. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All infants with a birth weight <1000 g born in Finland in 1996-1997 and 1999-2000 were included in the study. Perinatal and follow-up data were collected in a ...
Wilson-Costello Deanne - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental impairment of extremely low birth weight infants increased in the 1990s. Modern therapeutic changes may have influenced more recent neonatal outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare neonatal therapies and outcomes among all extremely low birth weight infants born in 2000-2002 (period III) to 2 previous periods: 1982-1989 (period ...
Tea Illa - - 2007
The depletion of glutathione (GSH) reported in very-low-birth-weight infants is implicated in several pathologies, especially if deficiency occurs during foetal development. The cause of this depletion is suggested to be modification of GSH turnover. To probe the role of GSH, a reliable non-invasive method adapted to very-low-birth-weight infants is required. ...
Verner A - - 2007
Taurine is the most abundant free amino acid in breast milk. Evidence exists that taurine has important roles in intestinal fat absorption, hepatic function, and auditory and visual development in preterm or low birth weight infants. Observational data suggest that relative taurine deficiency during the neonatal period is associated with ...
Taylor H Gerry - - 2006
A cohort of 219 children with extremely low birth weight (<1000 g, extremely low birth weight [ELBW]) born from 1992 to 1995 was followed to mean age 8 years to evaluate outcomes and identify risk factors. We compared 204 of these children with 176 term-born normal birth weight (NBW) controls ...
Haberland Corinna A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Despite evidence and recommendations encouraging the delivery of high-risk newborns in hospitals with subspecialty or high-level NICUs, increasing numbers are being delivered in other facilities. Causes for this are unknown. We sought to explore the impact of diffusion of specialty or midlevel NICUs on the types of hospitals in ...
McDevitt H - - 2007
For a number of reasons there is a need to explore reliable non-invasive methods for assessing bone health in neonates and young infants. Epidemiological studies suggest that early events in life may predispose the adult to degenerative diseases such as osteoporosis. Preterm infants have an increased risk of low bone ...
Sato Kiminori - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Advances in medicine have improved the survival of infants with increasingly lower birth weights. The histopathologic changes of intubation-related laryngeal injury in extremely low-birth weight infants (less than 1,000 g) have not been well known. We examined histopathologic changes in infant larynges, including extremely low-birth weight infants, after endotracheal ...
Shulman Shanna - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In this study, I examined the relative odds of achievement of preventive care goals during the first year of life and retention of Medicaid coverage at the end of the first year among Medicaid-enrolled low birth weight infants. Association with maternal prenatal health promotion was also considered. METHODOLOGY: I ...
Olowonyo, T; ;
The data for this study was extracted from the Health Information reported by the health facilities in the state to the State Ministry of Health. The purpose of the study was to determine the incidence of low birth weight in the State and some factors associated with it. The study ...
Hernandez-Valencia Marcelino - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight is an independent risk factor for impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and diabetes in adult life. This risk extends to both preterm and term infants, a particularly important finding given the increased survival of low-birth-weight infants with improvements in neonatal care. One potential strategy for prevention of ...
Bonacorsi Stéphane - - 2006
We describe a case of nosocomial maternal transmission of Bordetella pertussis to a very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) neonate in whom treatment was unsuccessful. This case underscores the need for rapid and sensitive PCR diagnosis in VLBW neonates and in parents with clinical signs of pertussis and suggests that standard treatment may not ...
Wong Ka Kit - - 2006
Intracranial fungal infection is increasingly seen in the neonatal intensive care setting, with premature infants at greatest risk. We report a case of fungal ventriculitis in an extremely low birth weight neonate due to Candida species. Cranial sonographic examination revealed extensive ventricular stranding with complete resolution in response to therapy.
Burwell Lauren A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections with Candida species have a high mortality rate in very low birth weight infants. Preliminary data suggest that prophylaxis with fluconazole reduces the incidence of colonization and invasive Candida infections in high-risk, very low birth weight neonates. The extent of antifungal prophylaxis use to prevent neonatal candidemia ...
Khattak Asif Z - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Maturation of the autonomic nervous system has not been studied in high-risk very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in the first few weeks of life. AIM: To characterize developmental changes in autonomic nervous system activity of high-risk VLBW infants from 23 to 38 weeks post-menstrual age by measuring heart ...
Kusuda Satoshi - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to describe the characteristics and morbidity of very low birth weight infants, to identify the medical intervention for these infants, and to evaluate the factors affecting the mortality of these infants among the participating hospitals. METHODS: A large multicenter neonatal research network that ...
Ramos Sandra Regina Piovezani - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare the beginning of eruption of the first deciduous tooth in preterm infants (<38 weeks) with full-term infants (38 and 42 weeks) of normal birth weight ((3)2.500g), low birth weight (< 2.500g) and very low birth weight (<1.500g), in order to ...
Cotten C Michael - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that incidence of invasive candidiasis varies substantially among centers, and previous use of broad-spectrum antibiotics is a risk factor for candidiasis in extremely low birth-weight infants. Differences in center practices, such as antibiotic strategies and the effects of these strategies on center incidence of candidiasis, ...
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