Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 746
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Beardsall Kathryn - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Studies involving adults and children being treated in intensive care units indicate that insulin therapy and glucose control may influence survival. Hyperglycemia in very-low-birth-weight infants is also associated with morbidity and mortality. This international randomized, controlled trial aimed to determine whether early insulin replacement reduced hyperglycemia and affected outcomes ...
Iglesias Platas Isabel - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) in a population of infants of very low birth weight (VLBW). STUDY DESIGN: Infants weighing <or=1,500 g and of <or=32 weeks of gestation were recruited within 24 h of delivery. A subcutaneous sensor connected to a ...
van Zwol Annelies - - 2009
In a previous study, we found that glutamine-enriched enteral nutrition in 102 very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants decreased both the incidence of serious neonatal infections and atopic dermatitis during the first year of life. The aims of this follow-up study were to determine whether these beneficial effects are attended by changes ...
Drenckpohl Douglas - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to determine whether very low birth weight infants could tolerate higher rates of infusion of intravenous fat emulsion during the first week of life and maintain their serum triglyceride levels at <or=200 mg/dL. METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled trial of 110 infants who were classified ...
Flatz-Jequier Aline - - 2008
We evaluated the tolerance to immunization of 64 very low birth weight preterm infants. Thirty-three of the infants experienced a cardiorespiratory event after the first vaccination, and 6 of these 33 (18%) had a recurrence after the second vaccination, including 2 infants previously discharged to home. A cardiorespiratory event associated ...
Cole Conrad R - - 2008
The objective of this study was to determine the (1) incidence of short bowel syndrome in very low birth weight (<1500 g) infants, (2) associated morbidity and mortality during initial hospitalization, and (3) impact on short-term growth and nutrition in extremely low birth weight (<1000 g) infants. Infants who were ...
Juul Sandra E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: High-dose recombinant erythropoietin is neuroprotective in animal models of neonatal brain injury. Extremely low birth weight infants are at high risk for brain injury and neurodevelopmental problems and might benefit from recombinant erythropoietin. We designed a phase I/II trial to test the safety and determine the pharmacokinetics of high-dose ...
Rasner Justin N - - 2008
Percutaneous drainage of the peritoneal cavity has been recently evaluated for the treatment of perforated viscous in the very low birth weight (VLBW) neonate and percutaneous decompression for abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) has been studied in older patient populations. This is the first reported case of using this technique to ...
Bednarek Nathalie - - 2008
Cerebellum injury is a severe and underestimated complication in very low birth-weight infants. Six cases of extreme premature babies are reported: 3 of them died during the neonatal period; the other 3 survived with severe neurological disabilities. Microcephaly, strabismus, and severe developmental delay without major motor handicap are very peculiar ...
Moritz Karen M - - 2009
The risk of developing many adult-onset diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and renal disease, is increased in low-birth-weight individuals. A potential underlying mechanism contributing to the onset of these diseases is the formation of a low nephron endowment during development. Evidence from the human, as well as many experimental ...
Bruckner T A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Proper management of very low weight (<1500 g) infants requires specific expertise. During July and August, pediatric interns start new rotations and advance in responsibilities by postgraduate level. We test the hypothesis that low weight births in teaching hospitals exhibit increased neonatal mortality during the initial training months. STUDY ...
Schmidt Louis A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have noted personality differences among adult survivors of very preterm birth, including higher neuroticism and cautiousness and lower extraversion. We attempted to replicate and extend these recent studies by examining personality characteristics across multiple components of personality that traditionally define personality structure in a birth cohort of ...
Flessner Christopher A - - 2008
To date, no studies have examined possible phenomenological differences between the automatic and focused styles of pulling in youths with TTM. The aims of the current study were to examine differences in TTM severity, phenomenology, comorbid psychiatric symptoms, and functional impact across youths with varying degrees of these pulling styles. ...
Higashi Tatsuya - - 2008
17alpha-hydroxypregnenolone (17OHPreg) has heretofore been considered to be the major cause of the false elevated 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) value in the immunoassay-based newborn screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). To verify this point, we developed a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method that enables the simultaneous quantification of 17OHPreg and 17OHP ...
Ruth Valerie A - - 2008
Extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR) is a common condition in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants (< or = 1,500 g). Most affected infants have a birth weight that is average for gestational age, but by the time of hospital discharge have a weight that is less than the tenth ...
Marakoglu Ismail - - 2008
PURPOSE: There is growing evidence showing that a number of complex human diseases are caused or are at least influenced by periodontal diseases. Such diseases include cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, diabetes mellitus and osteoporosis. The aim of study was to evaluate periodontal diseases as a risk factor for a preterm ...
Mori Rintaro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Accurate prediction of the prognosis of infants with very low birth weight is beneficial both for their parents and for healthcare professionals. METHODS: This was a population-based study of all low-birth-weight infants admitted to neonatal units in one region in Japan. The Apgar score at 1 and 5 min ...
Healy C Mary - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the impact of fluconazole prophylaxis for extremely low birth weight infants on invasive candidiasis incidence, invasive candidiasis-related mortality rates, and fluconazole susceptibility of Candida isolates. METHODS: Extremely low birth weight infants <5 days of age, except those with liver dysfunction, were eligible for fluconazole prophylaxis. NICU infants ...
Kashyap Sudha - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Most conventionally managed very low birth weight infants experience postnatal growth restriction. There is some evidence that this postnatal growth restriction may have long-lasting effects, and contribute to short stature and poor neurodevelopmental outcomes. There is also evidence suggesting that early protein intake may improve growth in ...
Ortiz-Mantilla Silvia - - 2008
Very-low-birth-weight infants are at much higher risk for cognitive and language delays but the nature of such deficits is not clearly understood. Given increasing rates of prematurity and infants born very-low-birth-weight, examination of mechanisms that underlie poorer developmental outcome is essential. We investigated language and cognitive abilities in very-low and ...
- - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report the neurodevelopmental outcomes of extreme-low-birth-weight survivors. DESIGN: Multicentre cohort study. SETTING: Three regional hospitals in Hong Kong. PATIENTS: Surviving extreme-low-birth-weight infants born in 2001 and 2002 underwent neurodevelopmental, neurosensory, and functional assessment under the High Risk Follow-up Program in three Child Assessment Centres. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Demographic ...
Gloria-Bottini Fulvia - - 2008
The well-known relationship between low birth weight and allergies prompted us to investigate a possible pleiotropic effect of ACP1 on these conditions. ACP1 is a polymorphic enzyme that affects signal transduction of insulin and other growth factors, T-cell receptor signaling, and the regulation of flavoenzyme activity. Our aim was to ...
Zwicker Jill Glennis - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this systematic review was to synthesize studies that examined the health-related quality of life of preschool- and school-aged children, adolescents, and young adults who were born preterm and/or at very low birth weight. METHODS: We searched 7 databases up to September 2006 (Medline, PubMed, Embase, EBM ...
Guzzetta Nina A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent investigations in adult patients have suggested that a heparin concentration-based anticoagulation protocol for heparin administration during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) significantly reduced hemostatic activation when compared with standard weight-based heparin doses. Reductions in hemostatic activation during CPB could be particularly beneficial in pediatric patients in whom CPB-related coagulation issues ...
Morris I - - 2008
Serum albumin is a predictor of outcome in adults but its role in paediatric patients is unclear. Earliest albumin was not associated with mortality or morbidity in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. However, the lowest serum albumin had a statistically significant inverse correlation with mortality and potentially plays a ...
Resegue Rosa - - 2008
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Knowledge of risk factors associated with child development disorders is essential for delivering high-quality childcare. The objective here was to evaluate the relationships between risk factors and occurrences of developmental abnormalities among children attended at a reference clinic for children at risk of developmental abnormalities. DESIGN AND ...
Smans K - - 2008
Lung disease represents one of the most life-threatening conditions in prematurely born children. In the evaluation of the neonatal chest, the primary and most important diagnostic study is therefore the chest radiograph. Since prematurely born children are very sensitive to radiation, those radiographs may lead to a significant radiation detriment. ...
Csaicsich Dagmar - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patient characteristics and risk factors for mortality in critically ill preterm infants with renal failure, with a special focus on infants with extremely low birth weight. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study with five year follow-up of all premature infants who were treated in the neonatal intensive care unit ...
Mousavi Seyed Abdollah - - 2008
Conventional dissection surgery (CDS) or using the Plastibell device (PD) is the method most frequently employed for circumcision. The aim of this study was to evaluate two methods in terms of the incidence of complications in infants of ages up to 12 months. In a prospective study, 586 infants equal ...
Gloria-Bottini Fulvia - - 2008
Acid phosphatase locus 1 and adenosine deaminase locus 1 polymorphisms show cooperative effects on glucose metabolism and immunological functions. The recent observation of cooperation between the two systems on susceptibility to repeated spontaneous miscarriage prompted us to search for possible interactional effects between these genes and the correlation between birth ...
Bombell Sarah - - 2008
The introduction of progressive enteral feeds for very low birth weight infants is often delayed for several days or longer after birth due to concern that earlier introduction may not be tolerated and may increase the risk of necrotising enterocolitis. However, delaying enteral feeding could diminish the functional adaptation of ...
Malcolm William F WF Department of Pediatrics/Neonatology, Box 3179, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2008
Our goals were (1) to determine the use of medications to treat gastroesophageal reflux in extremely low birth weight infants (birth weight of < 1000 g) at discharge; (2) to identify risk factors associated with the use of medications to treat gastroesophageal reflux at discharge; and (3) to assess the ...
Kobaly Kristen K Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2008
The goal was to evaluate whether changes in neonatal intensive care have improved outcomes for children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (oxygen dependence at corrected age of 36 weeks). We compared outcomes of extremely low birth weight (<1 kg) and extremely low gestational age (<28 weeks) infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia between 2 ...
Greer Frank R - - 2007
In appropriate-for-gestational-age preterm infants, data are reviewed to support that both high and low nutrient intakes, as well as fast or slow rates of growth in the neonatal intensive care unit, have long-term adverse (or even positive) effects on body weight and the metabolic syndrome later in life. Though more ...
Walden Rachel V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Studies of growth and neurodevelopmental impairment in extremely low birth weight infants often exclude infants with major congenital anomalies; thus, there are few outcome data available on these infants. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work was to compare growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely low birth weight infants with ...
Soares Fernanda V M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the resting metabolic rate in very low birth weight infants through indirect calorimetry. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 29 clinically stable very low birth weight infants receiving an enteral diet > 100 kcal/kg/day. Malnutrition was defined as weight-for-age z score < or = - 2 SD. Resting energy ...
Kugelman Amir - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify factors that were associated with death after discharge from the NICU of very low birth weight infants in a population-based study. METHODS: From a national cohort of 13,430 very low birth weight infants who were born in Israel from 1995 to ...
Takatera Akihiro - - 2007
Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) has various stimulatory effects on many types of immune cells. The purpose of our study was to characterize blood LPC levels and to determine the composition of LPC molecular species (LPCs) in the neonatal period. Thirty-six neonates were enrolled in this study and then grouped according to birth-weight ...
Rosen Daniel - - 2007
Estimates of intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy vary by population being studied, measures, and other methodological limitations, hindering the ability to gauge the relationship between IPV and negative birth outcomes. The authors report aggregated data from a subsample (n = 148) of the first three waves of the Women's ...
Paavonen E Juulia - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether very low birth weight (<1500 g) is associated with the risk of sleep-disordered breathing in young adulthood. METHODS: The study was a retrospective longitudinal study of 158 young adults born with very low birth weight and 169 term-born control subjects (aged 18.5-27.1 years). The principal outcome ...
Rodriguez, A N; ;
Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the outcome of kangaroo mother care (KMC) in low birth weight infants at a community hospital. Methods: This descriptive study included 87 mothers and their low birth weight infants who were in a stable condition and eligible for KMC at Dr ...
Hille Elysée T M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Young adults who were born very preterm or with a very low birth weight remain at risk for physical and neurodevelopmental problems and lower academic achievement scores. Data, however, are scarce, hospital based, mostly done in small populations, and need additional confirmation. METHODS: Infants who were born at < ...
Ochoa Julio J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study the evolution of lipid peroxidation, enzymatic antioxidants response, lipid profile and membrane fluidity in erythrocytes from very low birth weight (VLBW) infants during their first 7 days of extra-uterine life. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and twenty infants were selected and divided in two groups according to their ...
Darmstadt G L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE:To determine the accuracy and acceptability of a handheld scale prototype designed for nonliterate users to classify newborns into three weight categories (>or=2,500 g; 2,000 to 2,499 g; and <2,000 g). STUDY DESIGN: Weights of 1,100 newborns in Uttar Pradesh, India, were measured on the test scale and validated against ...
Venkataseshan Sundaram - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Septicemia activates coagulation and decreases activated protein C (APC). Low APC in adults is associated with multiorgan dysfunction and mortality, but such data in neonates are lacking. Being deficient in APC, neonates may be especially vulnerable to the effects of low APC. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted on ...
Osborn David A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to report the 1- and 3-year outcomes of preterm infants with low systemic blood flow in the first day and the effect of dobutamine versus dopamine for treatment of low systemic blood flow. METHODS: A cohort of 128 infants born at <30 weeks of gestation underwent ...
Broitman Eduardo - - 2007
To determine the relative contribution of clinical data versus head ultrasound scanning (HUS) in predicting neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in extremely low birth weight infants. A total of 2103 extremely low birth weight infants (<1000 g) admitted to a National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network center ...
Sritipsukho Suthida - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Determine the survivals, neonatal outcomes to hospital discharge, and perinatal risks of death among VLBW infants born in the Thammasat University Hospital. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a retrospective longitudinal study. Data were colleted from medical charts of all neonates with a gestational age of more than 25 weeks ...
Russell Rebecca B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate national hospital costs for infant admissions that are associated with preterm birth/low birth weight. METHODS: Infant (<1 year) hospital discharge data, including delivery, transfers, and readmissions, were analyzed by using the 2001 Nationwide Inpatient Sample from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization ...
Martin Helena - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Low maternal folate levels during pregnancy correlate with low birth weight, a perinatal risk factor for later cardiovascular disease. We studied relationships between red blood cell folate levels, birth weight, and vascular endothelial function (a key factor in the early pathophysiologic processes of heart disease) in newborn infants. METHODS: ...
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