Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 780
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Puch-Kapst Kathrin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We determined the frequency and estimated effective radiation dose (E) from conventional diagnostic radiographs for infants who had birth weight of <or=1500 g (very low birth weight [VLBW] infants) and were treated in a NICU. METHODS: Entrance skin doses were experimentally measured for all standard weight-dependent exposure settings. For ...
Noori Shahab - - 2009
Little is known about the effect on clinically relevant outcomes of the complex hemodynamic changes occurring during adaptation to extrauterine life in preterm neonates, particularly in very low birth weight neonates. As cardiovascular adaptation in this extremely vulnerable patient population is complicated by immaturity of all organ systems, especially that ...
Khattak A Z - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To measure systemic silver absorption when using silver-impregnated alginate central catheter dressings in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates and to monitor blood stream infection. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty infants were enrolled in a prospective, randomized controlled trial lasting 28 days. Each patient was assigned to standard dressing or silver ...
Sir-Petermann Teresa T Laboratory of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, West Division, School of Medicine, Las Palmeras 299, Interior Quinta Normal, Casilla 33052, Correo 33, Santiago, Chile. - - 2010
We previously demonstrated that low birth weight (BW) infant girls show increased serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) concentrations and poststimulated estradiol levels compared to normal-BW infants, suggesting an altered follicular development. However, the impact of high BW on reproductive function is less known. To evaluate the effect of BW on AMH, ...
Takahashi S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Superior vena cava (SVC) flow is used as an index for evaluating systemic blood flow in neonates. Thus far, several reports have shown that low SVC flow is a risk factor for intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in the preterm infant. Therefore, it is likely to be a useful index in ...
Luyckx Valerie A - - 2009
Epidemiological studies show a strong association between low birth weight and hypertension, renal, and cardiovascular disease, especially after catch-up growth. Senescence is an important contributor to the progression of chronic disease. Developmentally programmed premature senescence may be a link among low birth weight, catch-up growth, and adult disease. Low birth ...
Bieda Amy - - 2009
Extremely low birth-weight infants are prone to fluid and electrolyte imbalance due to multiple etiologies. Hypernatremia can occur in this gestational age group during the first week of life. One therapy that many NICUs initiate to treat hypernatremia is enteral sterile water feeds (SWFs). The use of free water is ...
Hayes Breda - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether low birth weight (LBW) children are at greater risk for behavioural and emotional problems than normal birth weight children. METHODS: Electronic databases (PubMed, Google) were searched. Key search terms (LBW, emotional behavioural outcome) were used to identify possible studies. Selection of studies was limited to those ...
Lohmeier Klaus - - 2009
Pleural empyema is rarely seen in the newborn period. Here we report the first case of exclusive and successful conservative management of pleural empyema in an extremely low birth weight infant. Chest drainage or percutaneous aspiration was not feasible. Noninvasive treatment might represent an acceptable option in premature infants.
Kawada Mayumi - - 2009
We evaluated the use of micafungin as a prophylaxis in very-low-birth-weight infants. Micafungin was first administered to 25 very-low-birth-weight infants 12 to 24 hours after birth at a dose of 1 mg/kg/d. the apparent volume of distribution, the apparent elimination rate constant, the elimination half-life, and the total body clearance ...
Hyman Sharon J - - 2009
Endocrine disorders are common in infants in the neonatal ICU. They often are associated with prematurity, low birth weight or very low birth weight, and small size for gestational age. They also frequently occur in infants who are critically ill or stressed. This article describes the most common conditions and ...
Nascimento Luiz Fernando C - - 2009
The aim of this study was to assess the association between prenatal exposure to air pollutants and low birth weight in a medium-sized city. An ecological study was performed, using live birth data from São José dos Campos, São Paulo State, Brazil. The environmental data were obtained from the São ...
Were F N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infant mortality remains high in many developing countries in which the contribution of deaths among infants born very low birth weight (VLBW) may be considerable. This contribution has however not been quantified in most such countries. This paper explores a model that can be used in this respect. OBJECTIVE: ...
Nkansah-Amankra Stephen - - 2010
Effects of income inequality on health and other social systems have been a subject of considerable debate, but only a few studies have used multilevel models to evaluate these relationships. The main objectives of the study were to (1) Evaluate the relationships among neighborhood income inequality, social support and birth ...
Sharathkumar Anjali Alatkar - - 2009
Aortic arch thrombosis (AAT) is a potentially life threatening condition in neonates. We report 3 neonates with AAT and complete occlusion of a unilateral internal carotid artery with multiple cerebral infarcts. Multidisciplinary input led to deferral of thrombolytic therapy and surgical thrombectomy owing to the potential risk of hemorrhage within ...
Spector Logan G LG Division of Epidemiology/Clinical Research, Department of Pediatrics and bMasonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA. - - 2009
The risk of hepatoblastoma is strongly increased among children with very low birth weight (<1500 g). Because data on very low birth weight and other childhood cancers are sparse, we examined the risk of malignancy with very low birth weight in a large data set. We combined case-control data sets ...
Bühler Karina Elena Bernardis - - 2009
The performance of very low birth weight preterm infants, in terms of cognition and expressive language, was analyzed and compared with that of term infants with the Protocol for Expressive Language and Cognition Development Observation (PELCDO). The study involved 12 very low birth weight preterm infants and 20 term infants, ...
Partington Susan N - - 2009
CONTEXT: Teenagers are more likely than older women to have a low-birth-weight infant or a preterm birth, and the risks may be particularly high when they have a second birth. Identifying predictors of these outcomes in second teenage births is essential for developing preventive strategies. METHODS: Birth certificate data for ...
Amarilyo Gil - - 2009
Thirty-one consecutive infants <1000 g at birth were intubated according to Tochen's rule; placement was verified/modified after auscultation and by radiology. Depth measurements were by caliper and radiology. Tochen's rule alone would lead to inadequate tube placement in 47% of infants. Auscultation allows adequate placement in only three-fourths of patients.
Bull Marilyn J - - 2009
Safe transportation of preterm and low birth weight infants requires special considerations. Both physiologic immaturity and low birth weight must be taken into account to properly position such infants. This clinical report provides guidelines for pediatricians and other caregivers who counsel parents of preterm and low birth weight infants about ...
Walter Eric C - - 2009
The proportion of low and very low birth weight births is increasing. Infants and children with a history of low and very low birth weight have an increased risk of respiratory illnesses, but it is unknown if clinically significant disease persists into adulthood. To determine if a history of low ...
Rougé Carole - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although recent reports suggest that supplementation with probiotics may enhance intestinal function in premature infants, the mechanisms are unclear, and questions remain regarding the safety and efficacy of probiotics in extremely low-birth-weight infants. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of probiotics on the digestive tolerance to enteral ...
Janér Joakim - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Endostatin is an antiangiogenic growth factor. Together with proangiogenic growth factors it acts to shape the developing vasculature. Dysregulation of angiogenesis is a component in the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to study whether the concentration of circulating endostatin at birth is associated with the development ...
Procianoy Renato S - - 2009
Prematurity and intrauterine growth restriction are associated with neurodevelopment delay. A prospective cohort study included all 96 very low birth weight infants discharged from our neonatal unit from November 2003 to June 2005. The authors compared 41 appropriate and 55 small for gestational age very low birth weight infants' neurodevelopment ...
Ziegler Ekhard E - - 2009
In the past, initiation of nutritional support of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants was delayed because of concerns about the safety of nutrient administration. This contributed to the impairment of neurocognitive development that these infants often display later in life. Today there is consensus that nutritional support of VLBW ...
Golab Hanna D - - 2009
Extensive variations of colloid osmotic pressure (COP) measured in the priming as well as during infant cardiopulmonary bypass motivated us to audit clinical and laboratory data to identify the risk factors for low COP at the end of bypass. Data of 73 consecutive infant patients with body weight <10 kg, ...
Lee Tzu-Ying - - 2009
AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore the paternal role of fathers of very low birth weight infants during their first year of life. BACKGROUND: Following birth, very low birth weight infants often require extended hospitalisation and long-term care. The birth experience and the infant's hospitalisation often overwhelm ...
Yoshizawa Yukihiro - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The degree of periventricular white matter echodensity in preterm infants has been utilized as a sign of the early ultrasonographic appearance of periventricular leukomalacia, and this has been called periventricular echodensity (PVE). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to quantitatively measure PVE utilizing a new method which is ...
van den Berg Anemone - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants receiving glutamine-enriched enteral nutrition may present with a lower infection rate, which may result from enhanced antimicrobial innate or Th1 cytokine responses. We investigated whether glutamine-enriched enteral nutrition in VLBW infants increased these cytokine responses following in vitro stimulation of whole blood cells. ...
Batton Beau - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare neurodevelopment (ND) in 3 cohorts of extremely preterm infants: untreated with normal blood pressure (BP), untreated with low BP, and treated with low BP. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective study of infants 23 to 25 weeks gestation. Low BP was defined as >or=3 mean arterial pressures ...
Fleming P - - 2008
Substantial variation exists in the use of a number of post natal interventions and procedures between neonatal intensive care units. This study examined current practice in the management of commonly encountered problems in very low and extremely low birth weight infants in the eight regional units in Ireland, and was ...
Beardsall Kathryn - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Studies involving adults and children being treated in intensive care units indicate that insulin therapy and glucose control may influence survival. Hyperglycemia in very-low-birth-weight infants is also associated with morbidity and mortality. This international randomized, controlled trial aimed to determine whether early insulin replacement reduced hyperglycemia and affected outcomes ...
Iglesias Platas Isabel - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) in a population of infants of very low birth weight (VLBW). STUDY DESIGN: Infants weighing <or=1,500 g and of <or=32 weeks of gestation were recruited within 24 h of delivery. A subcutaneous sensor connected to a ...
van Zwol Annelies - - 2009
In a previous study, we found that glutamine-enriched enteral nutrition in 102 very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants decreased both the incidence of serious neonatal infections and atopic dermatitis during the first year of life. The aims of this follow-up study were to determine whether these beneficial effects are attended by changes ...
Drenckpohl Douglas - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to determine whether very low birth weight infants could tolerate higher rates of infusion of intravenous fat emulsion during the first week of life and maintain their serum triglyceride levels at <or=200 mg/dL. METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled trial of 110 infants who were classified ...
Flatz-Jequier Aline - - 2008
We evaluated the tolerance to immunization of 64 very low birth weight preterm infants. Thirty-three of the infants experienced a cardiorespiratory event after the first vaccination, and 6 of these 33 (18%) had a recurrence after the second vaccination, including 2 infants previously discharged to home. A cardiorespiratory event associated ...
Cole Conrad R CR Emory University School of Medicine, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, 2015 Uppergate Dr, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2008
The objective of this study was to determine the (1) incidence of short bowel syndrome in very low birth weight (<1500 g) infants, (2) associated morbidity and mortality during initial hospitalization, and (3) impact on short-term growth and nutrition in extremely low birth weight (<1000 g) infants. Infants who were ...
Juul Sandra E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: High-dose recombinant erythropoietin is neuroprotective in animal models of neonatal brain injury. Extremely low birth weight infants are at high risk for brain injury and neurodevelopmental problems and might benefit from recombinant erythropoietin. We designed a phase I/II trial to test the safety and determine the pharmacokinetics of high-dose ...
Rasner Justin N - - 2008
Percutaneous drainage of the peritoneal cavity has been recently evaluated for the treatment of perforated viscous in the very low birth weight (VLBW) neonate and percutaneous decompression for abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) has been studied in older patient populations. This is the first reported case of using this technique to ...
Bednarek Nathalie - - 2008
Cerebellum injury is a severe and underestimated complication in very low birth-weight infants. Six cases of extreme premature babies are reported: 3 of them died during the neonatal period; the other 3 survived with severe neurological disabilities. Microcephaly, strabismus, and severe developmental delay without major motor handicap are very peculiar ...
Moritz Karen M - - 2009
The risk of developing many adult-onset diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and renal disease, is increased in low-birth-weight individuals. A potential underlying mechanism contributing to the onset of these diseases is the formation of a low nephron endowment during development. Evidence from the human, as well as many experimental ...
Bruckner T A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Proper management of very low weight (<1500 g) infants requires specific expertise. During July and August, pediatric interns start new rotations and advance in responsibilities by postgraduate level. We test the hypothesis that low weight births in teaching hospitals exhibit increased neonatal mortality during the initial training months. STUDY ...
Schmidt Louis A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have noted personality differences among adult survivors of very preterm birth, including higher neuroticism and cautiousness and lower extraversion. We attempted to replicate and extend these recent studies by examining personality characteristics across multiple components of personality that traditionally define personality structure in a birth cohort of ...
Flessner Christopher A - - 2008
To date, no studies have examined possible phenomenological differences between the automatic and focused styles of pulling in youths with TTM. The aims of the current study were to examine differences in TTM severity, phenomenology, comorbid psychiatric symptoms, and functional impact across youths with varying degrees of these pulling styles. ...
Higashi Tatsuya - - 2008
17alpha-hydroxypregnenolone (17OHPreg) has heretofore been considered to be the major cause of the false elevated 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) value in the immunoassay-based newborn screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). To verify this point, we developed a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method that enables the simultaneous quantification of 17OHPreg and 17OHP ...
Ruth Valerie A - - 2008
Extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR) is a common condition in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants (< or = 1,500 g). Most affected infants have a birth weight that is average for gestational age, but by the time of hospital discharge have a weight that is less than the tenth ...
Marakoglu Ismail - - 2008
PURPOSE: There is growing evidence showing that a number of complex human diseases are caused or are at least influenced by periodontal diseases. Such diseases include cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, diabetes mellitus and osteoporosis. The aim of study was to evaluate periodontal diseases as a risk factor for a preterm ...
Mori Rintaro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Accurate prediction of the prognosis of infants with very low birth weight is beneficial both for their parents and for healthcare professionals. METHODS: This was a population-based study of all low-birth-weight infants admitted to neonatal units in one region in Japan. The Apgar score at 1 and 5 min ...
Healy C Mary - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the impact of fluconazole prophylaxis for extremely low birth weight infants on invasive candidiasis incidence, invasive candidiasis-related mortality rates, and fluconazole susceptibility of Candida isolates. METHODS: Extremely low birth weight infants <5 days of age, except those with liver dysfunction, were eligible for fluconazole prophylaxis. NICU infants ...
Kashyap Sudha - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Most conventionally managed very low birth weight infants experience postnatal growth restriction. There is some evidence that this postnatal growth restriction may have long-lasting effects, and contribute to short stature and poor neurodevelopmental outcomes. There is also evidence suggesting that early protein intake may improve growth in ...
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