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Devi E Sree ES Department of Pedodontics, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2012
Cleft lip and cleft palate are the most common craniofacial anomalies that have an incidence of 0.28 to 3.74 per 1000 live births globally. Due to the great advancements in the field of medical science, these anomalies can today be corrected. However, it cannot be ignored that the parents of ...
Guin Gita - - 2012
To analyse the impact of Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) on Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR). Retrospective analysis of maternal mortality. Analysis of all maternal deaths between January 2001 and December 2009. The total number of deliveries has been steadily rising from 1,685 in 2001 to 3,957 in 2009. The MMR doubled ...
Castral Thaíla Corrêa TC Faculdade de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Brasil. - - 2012
The relationship between maternal factors and the response of preterm infants to pain and stress experienced during heel puncture while in maternal kangaroo care was investigated. This descriptive study included 42 mothers and their preterm infants cared for in a neonatal unit. Data were collected in the baseline, procedure, and ...
Buss Claudia - - 2012
During gestation, the fetal brain develops dramatically as structures and connections form, providing the foundation for all future development. The fetal environment plays a critical role in these early neural processes, for better or for worse. Scientists now know that exposure to maternal stress can sometimes have deleterious effects on ...
Symon Brian - - 2012
To examine the psychological well-being of mothers following participation in a behavioural modification programme previously shown to improve infant sleep. A 45 min consultation with either a general practitioner (GP) or trained nurse providing verbal and written information describing sleep physiology in infants and strategies to improve infant sleep. Eighty ...
Ritz Thomas - - 2012
Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) is related to cardiac vagal outflow and the respiratory pattern. Prior infant studies have not systematically examined respiration rate and tidal volume influences on infant RSA or the extent to which infants' breathing is too fast to extract a valid RSA. We therefore monitored cardiac activity, ...
Eastwood John G - - 2012
From 2000 a routine survey of mothers with newborn infants was commenced in South Western Sydney. The survey included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for postnatal depressive symptoms in women living in metropolitan Sydney, Australia. Mothers ...
Sharp Helen - - 2012
Animal studies find that prenatal stress is associated with increased physiological and emotional reactivity later in life, mediated via fetal programming of the HPA axis through decreased glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene expression. Post-natal behaviours, notably licking and grooming in rats, cause decreased behavioural indices of fear and reduced HPA axis ...
Dozier Ann M AM Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Rochester, 265 Crittenden Boulevard., CU 420644, Rochester, NY 14642-0644, - - 2012
Stressful life events during pregnancy negatively affect maternal and infant outcomes including breastfeeding initiation. Their impact on breastfeeding duration is uncertain. Given breastfeeding's important health benefits we analyzed stressful life event types and cessation of any and exclusive breastfeeding by 4 and 13 weeks. Methods. We collected self-administered survey data ...
Ashford Kristin - - 2012
Prenatal exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is responsible for adverse perinatal outcomes, including preterm birth. Smoking at home is the primary source of exposure to women during pregnancy. Hair nicotine analysis of mothers and infants was used to describe the relationship between prenatal SHS exposure and number of household smokers. ...
Gaucher Nathalie - - 2011
Guidelines recommend supportive care for all newborns >26 weeks' gestational age and recognize the importance of prenatal consultation by a neonatalogist for mothers at risk of premature delivery. These recommendations are drawn from medical expert opinions and emphasize informing parents about prematurity. The literature regarding parents' perspectives of prenatal consultation ...
Ahern Melissa - - 2011
The objective of this study was to estimate the association between residence in coal mining environments and low birth weight. We conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective analysis of the association between low birth weight and mother's residence in coal mining areas in West Virginia. Birth data were obtained from the West ...
Laurent Heidemarie K - - 2011
We investigated the effects of timing and the course of maternal perinatal depressive symptoms on mother-infant hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) response profiles during an attachment stressor, as well as on within-dyad synchrony of stress profiles: coordination of HPA and sympathetic nervous system and infant-mother HPA attunement. Mothers (n = 86) completed the ...
Nuk M - - 2011
Objective:The aim of the study was to identify whether tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) (-308) and interleukin (IL)-10 (-1082; -819) genotypes were associated with preterm delivery and cystic periventricular leucomalacia (PVL).Study Design:Venous blood, buccal swabs or cord blood were collected from mother/child pairs with infants born at term (200) or preterm ...
Calmus Megan L - - 2011
Preterm premature rupture of membranes is responsible for one-third of preterm births. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is associated with preterm premature rupture of membranes in humans. In particular, an EDS variant is caused by a genetic mutation resulting in abnormal secretion of biglycan and decorin, two small leucine-rich proteoglycans highly expressed ...
Bezirtzoglou Eugenia - - 2011
The development of the gut is controlled and modulated by different interacting mechanisms such as, genetic endowment, intrinsic biological regulatory functions, environment influences and last but no least, the diet influence. Considered together with other endogenous and exogenous factors the type of feeding may interfere greatly in the regulation of ...
Kotecha Rishi S - - 2011
AIM: Observation of identical genetic changes in leukemia cells from monozygotic twin pairs has provided evidence for the in utero single clonal origin hypothesis of leukemia, with intraplacental metastasis the basis for concordance. Investigation of this rare mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) cytogenetic abnormality aims to provide further evidence of the ...
Kawashima Hisashi - - 2011
Background:  Neuromuscular disorders can be the cause of sudden death of infants because of their weakness and gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Methods:  Muscle biopsy and genetic studies were performed by usual method. Results:  In this report four cases of infants with neuromuscular disorders (two cases of congenital myopathy and two cases ...
Walkovich K - - 2011
Severe congenital neutropenia (SCN) is a genetically heterogeneous, rare disorder defined by a persistent absolute neutrophil count <500k mm(-3) with neutrophil maturation arrest at the promyelocyte stage and an increased risk for infection as well as a propensity towards developing myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myelogenous leukemia. We report a case of ...
Curley James P - - 2011
Genetic variation at a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the mu-opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) of both humans and rhesus macaques Macaca mulatta has been associated with differential affinity to the endogenous ligand beta-endorphin as well as alterations in pain sensitivity, drug and alcohol dependence, and social behaviors. The new study ...
Vercellino G F - - 2011
Transient neonatal hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (TNHI) is a form of neonatal-onset hyperinsulinism which usually resolves completely in a few days or months. It is secondary to conditions such as maternal diabetes mellitus or intra-uterine growth retardation. Other rare causes of TNHI are perinatal asphyxia and gestational diabetes. Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (HI) is ...
Sampath Venkatesh - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: While it is known that gene-environment interactions contribute to necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) pathogenesis, characterization of genetic risk-factors that can predict NEC in preterm infants remains nascent. We hypothesized that altered intestinal immune responses arising from sequence variation in the toll-like receptor (TLR) pathway genes contribute to NEC susceptibility. MATERIALS ...
Kozyrskyj A L AL 1Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, Department of Pediatrics, Women and Children's Health Research Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2011
We report on life course stress determinants of overweight in children, using data from the longitudinal follow-up of the nested case-control arm of the SAGE (study of asthma genes and the environment) birth cohort in Manitoba, Canada. Waist and hip measurements were obtained during a clinic visit at age 9-11 ...
Brede Dag Anders - - 2011
The genome of Enterococcus faecalis 62, a commensal isolate from a healthy Norwegian infant, revealed multiple adaptive traits to the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) environment and the milk-containing diet of breast-fed infants. Adaptation to a commensal existence was emphasized by lactose and other carbohydrate metabolism genes within genomic islands, accompanied by ...
Dagle John M - - 2011
To determine genetic and clinical risk factors associated with elevated systolic blood pressure (ESBP) in preterm infants after discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A convenience cohort of infants born at <32 weeks gestational age was followed after NICU discharge. We retrospectively identified a subgroup of subjects with ...
Rafique Muhammad - - 2011
Abetalipoproteinemia is a rare genetic disorder. A 5-month-old Saudi boy presented with chronic diarrhoea and failure to thrive since 3 months of age. He was cachectic. His peripheral blood picture showed many acanthocytes and he had very low lipid profile. He improved on medium chain triglyceride (MCT) formula and administration ...
Stoyanov Zlatislav - - 2011
Geschwind and Galaburda (1985a,1985b) suggested that the season of conception is a non-genetic random variable that may affect laterality and handedness, probably due to seasonal variations in the hormonal influences on the foetal brain. According to this suggestion it is logical to expect seasonal anisotropy in the incidence of birth ...
Cheng Carolynn Darrell - - 2011
Fathers may feel dissatisfied with their ability to form a close attachment with their infants in the early postpartum period, which, in turn, may increase their parent-related stress. Our study sought to determine if an infant massage intervention assisted fathers with decreasing stress and increasing bonding with their infants during ...
Ker J - - 2011
Left ventricular noncompaction has been classified as a primary cardiomyopathy with a genetic origin. This condition is morphologically characterized by a thickened, two-layered myocardium with numerous prominent trabeculations and deep, intertrabecular recesses. Recently, it has become clear that these pathological characteristics extend across a continuum with left ventricular hypertrabeculation at ...
D'Amato Francesca R - - 2011
In man, many different events implying childhood separation from caregivers/unstable parental environment are associated with heightened risk for panic disorder in adulthood. Twin data show that the occurrence of such events in childhood contributes to explaining the covariation between separation anxiety disorder, panic, and the related psychobiological trait of CO(2) ...
Wirbelauer Johannes - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: A systemic inflammatory response after intrauterine funisitis is assumed to be an important priming factor for acute and chronic pulmonary morbidity and neurological impairment in premature infants. Fetal lymphocytes and monocytes modulate the primary immune response. Genetic regulation of the cytokine-mediated process is partially known. The objective of our ...
Pedersen L J - - 2011
The primary aim of the present study was to investigate whether the same piglet traits contributed to the same causes of neonatal piglet mortality in crates (CT) and pens (PN). Gilts originating from 2 distinct genetic groups that differed in breeding value for piglet survival rate at d 5 (SR5) ...
Bueno C - - 2011
Infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) involving mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) fusions has attracted a huge interest in basic and clinical research because of its prenatal origin, mixed-lineage phenotype, dismal prognosis and extremely short latency. Over 90% of infant ALLs are pro-B ALL harboring the leukemic fusion MLL-AF4. Despite the fact that ...
Tan Ki-Wei - - 2010
Juvenile xanthogranuloma is usually a benign condition mainly seen in infants and children. It frequently presents as asymptomatic discrete papules on the head, trunk, and limbs. Extracutaneous manifestations, most commonly ocular, are rare but may be associated with significant morbidity. The etiology of juvenile xanthogranuloma is uncertain, although the occurrence ...
Abler Sylvie - - 2011
Background Admission weight to neonatal intensive care units is used in several diagnosis related group (DRG) systems to assess reimbursement by health insurance programs for premature infants. Modifications of admission weights could significantly affect reimbursement in either direction. Objective Whether the introduction of the German DRG system in 2004 influenced ...
Saiki Tolulope - - 2011
The vulnerability of prematurely born infants to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in the prone position might be explained by a reduced ability to respond to a stress, such as hypercarbia, in that position; our objective, therefore, was to further explore the influence of position on the response to a ...
Garten Lars - - 2011
Preterm newborn infants may suffer laryngeal injuries after multiple intubations and long-term mechanical ventilation. Former studies have focused on acute laryngeal injuries diagnosed by endoscopy, performed within the neonatal period. This retrospective case-control study aims to investigate the prevalence and clinical risk factors for voice disorders in former very low-birth-weight ...
Taylor Sarah N - - 2010
Historically, in very low-birth-weight infant care, nutritional support was delayed during the first postnatal days because of fear of toxicity and harm with immature metabolic systems and intestinal function. Recent evidence demonstrates that early nutritional support is not only safe but likely necessary to optimize infant growth and neurodevelopment. In ...
Conway-Orgel Margaret - - 2010
Primum non nocere, a saying in Latin that means "first, do no harm," is a phrase neonatal clinicians should keep in mind when initiating or suggesting treatment. In the "golden hour" of resuscitation of the very low-birth-weight infant, team members assess multiple parameters of the infant's vital signs, with a ...
Tersigni Chiara C Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Catholic University School of Medicine, Largo A. Gemelli 8, Rome, - - 2011
To report about a case of complicated late postpartum eclampsia where neonatal low birth weight could be considered a predictive factor of placental sufferance. A 25-year-old woman, without medical or familiar history for hypertension or cerebrovascular diseases, underwent a normal spontaneous delivery with neonatal birth weight of 2340 g (9th ...
D'Angio Carl T CT University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA. - - 2010
The heptavalent pneumococcal CRM197 conjugate vaccine (PCV-7) has been incompletely studied in very-low-birth-weight (< or =1500 g) infants. To assess PCV-7 immunogenicity in very-low-birth-weight, premature infants. We hypothesized that the frequency of postvaccine antibody concentrations > or =0.15 microg/mL would vary directly with birth weight. This was a multicenter observational ...
Bidegain Margarita - - 2010
Intravenous vasopressin at 0.01 to 0.04 units/kg/h increased median mean blood pressure from 26 mm Hg (range 18-44) to 41 mm Hg (range 17-90) by 12 hours of infusion (P=.002) and allowed weaning of catecholamines in a group of extremely low birth weight infants with refractory hypotension.
Beardsall Kathryn K Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital NHS Trust, Cambridge, UK. - - 2010
To investigate the prevalence and determinants of hyperglycemia in the preterm population, as part of the Neonatal Insulin Therapy in Europe (NIRTURE) Trial. We conducted prospective cohort analyses of continuous glucose monitoring data from control infants participating in an international randomized controlled trial. Data were collected from 188 very low ...
Wilson Ann L - - 2010
Currently in South Dakota, multiples comprise between three and four percent of all births and are increasingly contributing to annual cohorts of newborns. In recent years, multiples contribute to between 20 and 30 percent of all low-birth-weight newborns. In 2008, almost 35 percent of all very low-birth-weight infants were multiples. ...
Ligi Isabelle - - 2010
Low birth weight infants, in particular those born preterm, have been shown to develop increased arterial blood pressure and hypertension at adulthood. Three main systems are involved in the developmental programming of hypertension: the kidney, the neuroendocrine system, and the vascular tree. This review focuses on vascular dysfunction and discusses ...
Indredavik Marit S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To study perinatal risk factors for psychiatric symptoms in adolescents born preterm with very low birth weight or at term, but small for gestational age (GA). METHOD: Mental health was assessed in 65 adolescents born with very low birth weight (VLBW) (birth weight < or = 1500 g), 59 ...
Miller Nichole E - - 2010
The generalized anatomic and physiologic immaturity of preterm infants of very low birth weight (VLBW) (<or=1,500 g) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) (<or=1,000 g) places them at high risk for death or associated negative sequelae, including chronic lung disease of infancy (CLDI). The standard treatment for pulmonary immaturity, mechanical ...
Rees Clare M - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Proponents of peritoneal drainage (PD) hypothesize that it allows stabilization before laparotomy. We examined this hypothesis by comparing clinical status before and after either PD or primary laparotomy (LAP). METHODS: In an ethically approved, international, prospective randomized controlled trial (2002-2006), extremely low birth weight (<1000 g) infants with pneumoperitoneum ...
Ooki Syuichi S Department of Health Science, Ishikawa Prefectural Nursing University, Ishikawa, Japan. - - 2010
Despite the rapid increase in the rate of multiple births due to the growth of reproductive medicine, there have been no epidemiologic studies of the secular trends in the impact of multiple births on the rates of low-birth-weight and preterm deliveries in Japan. Japanese vital statistics for multiple live births ...
Puch-Kapst Kathrin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We determined the frequency and estimated effective radiation dose (E) from conventional diagnostic radiographs for infants who had birth weight of <or=1500 g (very low birth weight [VLBW] infants) and were treated in a NICU. METHODS: Entrance skin doses were experimentally measured for all standard weight-dependent exposure settings. For ...
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