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Grey Katherine R - - 2012
The implications of the biologically active elements in milk for the mammalian infant are largely unknown. Animal models demonstrate that transmission of glucocorticoids through milk influences behavior and modifies brain development in offspring. The aim of this study was to determine the relation between human milk cortisol levels and temperament ...
Tharner Anne - - 2012
We examined associations of disorganized attachment and maternal depressive symptoms with infant autonomic functioning in 450 infant-mother dyads enrolled in the Generation R study. Maternal depressive symptoms were measured 2 months postpartum with the Brief Symptom Inventory. At 14 months, we assessed infant attachment with a slightly shortened Strange Situation ...
Smith Joan Renaud - - 2012
Infants born prematurely lose the protection of the uterus at a time of fetal development when the brain is growing and organizing exponentially. Environmental factors such as stress in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) may play a role in altered brain maturation and neurobehavioral outcomes. Strategies aimed at reducing ...
Koch Hannah - - 2012
We investigated the development of the HPA axis in group-living rhesus monkeys. Forty-three infants were studied from birth through their third year of life; 22 infants were physically abused by their mothers, while 21 infants were not abused. Plasma cortisol levels in basal conditions and in response to a novel ...
Chourasia Nitish - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the stress levels among mothers of babies admitted in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and to identify demographic parameters that influence their stress levels. METHODS: Stress levels were assessed using Parental Stressor Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (PSS: NICU) questionnaire among 100 NICU mothers by doctors between ...
Hurley Kristen M - - 2012
The study's objective was to examine the relation between maternal mental health and infant dietary intake. A cross-sectional, population-based telephone survey was employed within a statewide sample of Maryland Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children participants. A 24-h diet recall was performed using the United States Department ...
Chourasia Nitish - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To determine the effect of counseling on stress levels of NICU mothers. Methods: Stress levels were assessed using the Parental Stressor Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (PSS: NICU) questionnaire among 100 NICU mothers. After providing counseling including NICU educational support, the questionnaire was re-administered after 48 hours. Coding ...
Monk Catherine C Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, - - 2012
Prenatal exposure to maternal stress, anxiety, and depression can have lasting effects on infant development with risk of psychopathology. Although the impact of prenatal maternal distress has been well documented, the potential mechanisms through which maternal psychosocial variables shape development have yet to be fully elucidated. Advances in molecular biology ...
Matricardi Simona - - 2012
AIMS: The study examined the effects of a parental intervention to reduce parents' stress levels during the hospitalization of their very preterm infants in a NICU, taking into account possible differences between mothers and fathers. METHODS: Parents of infants born ≤ 32 weeks gestational age were randomly assigned to a ...
McDonald Sheila W - - 2012
The objective of this study was to compare breastfeeding, postpartum mental health, and health service utilization between a group of late preterm (LP) maternal infant pairs and term counterparts. Data was drawn from a prospective community-based cohort in Calgary, Alberta. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were performed. LP infants were more ...
Baibazarova Eugenia - - 2012
This prospective, longitudinal study aimed to investigate relationships between indicators of maternal prenatal stress, infant birth outcomes and early temperament. We examined the pattern of associations and postulated pathways between physiological (cortisol plasma concentrations) and self-report indices (stress, anxiety) of maternal prenatal stress, cortisol in the amniotic fluid, birth outcomes ...
Moore Tiffany A - - 2012
The morbidity and mortality of preterm infants are impacted by their ability to maintain physiologic homeostasis using metabolic, endocrine, and immunologic mechanisms independent of the mother's placenta. Exploring McEwen's allostatic load model in preterm infants provides a new way to understand the altered physiologic processes associated with frequently occurring complications ...
Collopy Kevin T - - 2012
Burnout and PTSD are closely linked and often underreported in EMS. EMS classrooms do little or nothing to prepare providers for the inherent emotional stresses of emergency response and the "thick skin" culture of EMS may make many providers apprehensive about sharing their true feelings. Burnout is triggered by many ...
Thibeau Shelley - - 2012
Parents of preterm infants and infants with congenital anomalies requiring treatment must begin their relationship with their infant in the unfamiliar and often stressful neonatal intensive care unit, full of strange sights and sounds. Innovative technology such as webcams offers virtual visitation, which holds potential to improve parent-infant bonding and ...
Burkhardt Tilo - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare venous cord plasma concentrations of 4 vasoactive peptide precursors: carboxy-terminal proarginine vasopressin, CT-prondothelin (ET)-1, midregional proadrenomedullin, and MR-proatrial natriuretic peptide, between fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction and appropriate for gestational age controls. STUDY DESIGN: Matched-pair analysis of 12 fetuses with significant intrauterine growth restriction and 42 healthy ...
Huggenberger Harriet J - - 2013
Stress during rearing has negative effects on the maturation of information processing in rodent offspring, but similar evidence in humans is absent. Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of startle is a measure reflecting the integrity of information processing. PPI does not depend on active cooperation, making it a suitable measure for studying ...
Shaw Richard J - - 2012
Fifty-six mothers of premature infants who participated in a study to reduce symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) completed the Brief COPE, a self-report inventory of coping mechanisms, the Stanford Acute Stress Reaction Questionnaire to assess acute stress disorder (ASD) and the Davidson Trauma Scale to assess PTSD. 18 % of ...
Garthus-Niegel Susan - - 2012
The aim of this prospective study was to examine the etiology of post-traumatic stress symptoms following childbirth within a transactional framework of stress. Participants were women (N = 1,499) from the Akershus Birth Cohort. These women were followed from pregnancy to 8 weeks postpartum. We modeled predisposing factors (e.g., fear of childbirth) and ...
Ebina Satoko - - 2012
Oxidative stress is associated with the development of various diseases including cancer, arteriosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and metabolic syndrome. However, little is known about the involvement of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) during the perinatal period. At present, few studies have investigated the precise correlations between 8-OHdG levels in cord blood (CB) and ...
Ivars Katrin - - 2012
Aim:  To investigate whether nasopharyngeal suctioning produces a physiological and behavioral stress reaction in preterm infants and if a possible reaction can be dampened by sweet solution. Methods:  Eleven preterm infants were randomly assigned to receive either 30% oral glucose or nothing prior to morning nasopharyngeal suctioning; the procedure was ...
Aktar Evin - - 2012
Background:  Anxiety aggregates in families. Environmental factors, such as modelling of anxious behaviours, are assumed to play a causal role in the development of child anxiety. We investigated the predictive value of paternal and maternal anxiety (lifetime anxiety disorders and expressed parental anxiety) on infants' fear and avoidance during encounters ...
Devi E Sree ES Department of Pedodontics, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2012
Cleft lip and cleft palate are the most common craniofacial anomalies that have an incidence of 0.28 to 3.74 per 1000 live births globally. Due to the great advancements in the field of medical science, these anomalies can today be corrected. However, it cannot be ignored that the parents of ...
Castral Thaíla Corrêa - - 2012
The relationship between maternal factors and the response of preterm infants to pain and stress experienced during heel puncture while in maternal kangaroo care was investigated. This descriptive study included 42 mothers and their preterm infants cared for in a neonatal unit. Data were collected in the baseline, procedure, and ...
Guin Gita - - 2012
To analyse the impact of Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) on Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR). Retrospective analysis of maternal mortality. Analysis of all maternal deaths between January 2001 and December 2009. The total number of deliveries has been steadily rising from 1,685 in 2001 to 3,957 in 2009. The MMR doubled ...
Buss Claudia - - 2012
During gestation, the fetal brain develops dramatically as structures and connections form, providing the foundation for all future development. The fetal environment plays a critical role in these early neural processes, for better or for worse. Scientists now know that exposure to maternal stress can sometimes have deleterious effects on ...
Symon Brian - - 2012
To examine the psychological well-being of mothers following participation in a behavioural modification programme previously shown to improve infant sleep. A 45 min consultation with either a general practitioner (GP) or trained nurse providing verbal and written information describing sleep physiology in infants and strategies to improve infant sleep. Eighty ...
Ritz Thomas - - 2012
Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) is related to cardiac vagal outflow and the respiratory pattern. Prior infant studies have not systematically examined respiration rate and tidal volume influences on infant RSA or the extent to which infants' breathing is too fast to extract a valid RSA. We therefore monitored cardiac activity, ...
Eastwood John G - - 2012
From 2000 a routine survey of mothers with newborn infants was commenced in South Western Sydney. The survey included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for postnatal depressive symptoms in women living in metropolitan Sydney, Australia. Mothers ...
Sharp Helen - - 2012
Animal studies find that prenatal stress is associated with increased physiological and emotional reactivity later in life, mediated via fetal programming of the HPA axis through decreased glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene expression. Post-natal behaviours, notably licking and grooming in rats, cause decreased behavioural indices of fear and reduced HPA axis ...
Dozier Ann M AM Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Rochester, 265 Crittenden Boulevard., CU 420644, Rochester, NY 14642-0644, - - 2012
Stressful life events during pregnancy negatively affect maternal and infant outcomes including breastfeeding initiation. Their impact on breastfeeding duration is uncertain. Given breastfeeding's important health benefits we analyzed stressful life event types and cessation of any and exclusive breastfeeding by 4 and 13 weeks. Methods. We collected self-administered survey data ...
Ashford Kristin - - 2012
Prenatal exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is responsible for adverse perinatal outcomes, including preterm birth. Smoking at home is the primary source of exposure to women during pregnancy. Hair nicotine analysis of mothers and infants was used to describe the relationship between prenatal SHS exposure and number of household smokers. ...
Gaucher Nathalie - - 2011
Guidelines recommend supportive care for all newborns >26 weeks' gestational age and recognize the importance of prenatal consultation by a neonatalogist for mothers at risk of premature delivery. These recommendations are drawn from medical expert opinions and emphasize informing parents about prematurity. The literature regarding parents' perspectives of prenatal consultation ...
Ahern Melissa - - 2011
The objective of this study was to estimate the association between residence in coal mining environments and low birth weight. We conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective analysis of the association between low birth weight and mother's residence in coal mining areas in West Virginia. Birth data were obtained from the West ...
Laurent Heidemarie K - - 2011
We investigated the effects of timing and the course of maternal perinatal depressive symptoms on mother-infant hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) response profiles during an attachment stressor, as well as on within-dyad synchrony of stress profiles: coordination of HPA and sympathetic nervous system and infant-mother HPA attunement. Mothers (n = 86) completed the ...
Nuk M - - 2011
Objective:The aim of the study was to identify whether tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) (-308) and interleukin (IL)-10 (-1082; -819) genotypes were associated with preterm delivery and cystic periventricular leucomalacia (PVL).Study Design:Venous blood, buccal swabs or cord blood were collected from mother/child pairs with infants born at term (200) or preterm ...
Calmus Megan L - - 2011
Preterm premature rupture of membranes is responsible for one-third of preterm births. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is associated with preterm premature rupture of membranes in humans. In particular, an EDS variant is caused by a genetic mutation resulting in abnormal secretion of biglycan and decorin, two small leucine-rich proteoglycans highly expressed ...
Bezirtzoglou Eugenia - - 2011
The development of the gut is controlled and modulated by different interacting mechanisms such as, genetic endowment, intrinsic biological regulatory functions, environment influences and last but no least, the diet influence. Considered together with other endogenous and exogenous factors the type of feeding may interfere greatly in the regulation of ...
Kotecha Rishi S - - 2011
AIM: Observation of identical genetic changes in leukemia cells from monozygotic twin pairs has provided evidence for the in utero single clonal origin hypothesis of leukemia, with intraplacental metastasis the basis for concordance. Investigation of this rare mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) cytogenetic abnormality aims to provide further evidence of the ...
Kawashima Hisashi - - 2011
Background:  Neuromuscular disorders can be the cause of sudden death of infants because of their weakness and gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Methods:  Muscle biopsy and genetic studies were performed by usual method. Results:  In this report four cases of infants with neuromuscular disorders (two cases of congenital myopathy and two cases ...
Walkovich K - - 2011
Severe congenital neutropenia (SCN) is a genetically heterogeneous, rare disorder defined by a persistent absolute neutrophil count <500k mm(-3) with neutrophil maturation arrest at the promyelocyte stage and an increased risk for infection as well as a propensity towards developing myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myelogenous leukemia. We report a case of ...
Curley James P - - 2011
Genetic variation at a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the mu-opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) of both humans and rhesus macaques Macaca mulatta has been associated with differential affinity to the endogenous ligand beta-endorphin as well as alterations in pain sensitivity, drug and alcohol dependence, and social behaviors. The new study ...
Vercellino G F - - 2011
Transient neonatal hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (TNHI) is a form of neonatal-onset hyperinsulinism which usually resolves completely in a few days or months. It is secondary to conditions such as maternal diabetes mellitus or intra-uterine growth retardation. Other rare causes of TNHI are perinatal asphyxia and gestational diabetes. Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (HI) is ...
Sampath Venkatesh - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: While it is known that gene-environment interactions contribute to necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) pathogenesis, characterization of genetic risk-factors that can predict NEC in preterm infants remains nascent. We hypothesized that altered intestinal immune responses arising from sequence variation in the toll-like receptor (TLR) pathway genes contribute to NEC susceptibility. MATERIALS ...
Brede Dag Anders - - 2011
The genome of Enterococcus faecalis 62, a commensal isolate from a healthy Norwegian infant, revealed multiple adaptive traits to the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) environment and the milk-containing diet of breast-fed infants. Adaptation to a commensal existence was emphasized by lactose and other carbohydrate metabolism genes within genomic islands, accompanied by ...
Dagle John M - - 2011
To determine genetic and clinical risk factors associated with elevated systolic blood pressure (ESBP) in preterm infants after discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A convenience cohort of infants born at <32 weeks gestational age was followed after NICU discharge. We retrospectively identified a subgroup of subjects with ...
Rafique Muhammad - - 2011
Abetalipoproteinemia is a rare genetic disorder. A 5-month-old Saudi boy presented with chronic diarrhoea and failure to thrive since 3 months of age. He was cachectic. His peripheral blood picture showed many acanthocytes and he had very low lipid profile. He improved on medium chain triglyceride (MCT) formula and administration ...
Stoyanov Zlatislav - - 2011
Geschwind and Galaburda (1985a,1985b) suggested that the season of conception is a non-genetic random variable that may affect laterality and handedness, probably due to seasonal variations in the hormonal influences on the foetal brain. According to this suggestion it is logical to expect seasonal anisotropy in the incidence of birth ...
Cheng Carolynn Darrell - - 2011
Fathers may feel dissatisfied with their ability to form a close attachment with their infants in the early postpartum period, which, in turn, may increase their parent-related stress. Our study sought to determine if an infant massage intervention assisted fathers with decreasing stress and increasing bonding with their infants during ...
Ker J - - 2011
Left ventricular noncompaction has been classified as a primary cardiomyopathy with a genetic origin. This condition is morphologically characterized by a thickened, two-layered myocardium with numerous prominent trabeculations and deep, intertrabecular recesses. Recently, it has become clear that these pathological characteristics extend across a continuum with left ventricular hypertrabeculation at ...
D'Amato Francesca R - - 2011
In man, many different events implying childhood separation from caregivers/unstable parental environment are associated with heightened risk for panic disorder in adulthood. Twin data show that the occurrence of such events in childhood contributes to explaining the covariation between separation anxiety disorder, panic, and the related psychobiological trait of CO(2) ...
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