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Forssman Linda - - 2013
Cross-species evidence suggests that genetic and experiential factors act early in development to establish individual emotional traits, but little is known about the mechanisms that emerge during this period to mediate long-term outcomes. Here, we tested the hypothesis that known genetic and environmental risk conditions may heighten infants' natural tendency ...
Peyrovi Hamid - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Premature infants respond more intensively to pain compared with term infants. Facilitated tucking position as a non-pharmacological method of pain in infants has been suggested; however, its effect on acute procedural pain such as endotracheal suctioning remains to be studied. This study examined the effect of facilitated tucking ...
Al-Saleh Iman I Biological & Medical Research Department, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2013
This study was conducted to: (a) investigate the antagonistic interaction between selenium (Se) and mercury (Hg) in mothers and their newborns, (b) delineate the role of oxidative mechanisms induced by Hg exposure and (c) examine the protective effect of Se on Hg-induced oxidative stress and birth outcomes. Levels of Hg ...
Namdev Sunita - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To study the oxidative stress and antioxidant status among neonates born to pre-eclamptic mothers and their role in the early outcome of these babies Study design: This case control study was conducted at a tertiary care teaching hospital in south India. We included 75 neonates born to mothers ...
Spinelli Maria - - 2013
This prospective longitudinal study examined predictors of parenting stress trajectories over time in a sample of 125 mothers and their preterm infants. Infant (multiple birth, gestational age, days hospitalized, and neonatal health risks) and maternal (socioeconomic, education, depressive symptoms, social support, and quality of interaction during infant feeding) characteristics were ...
Ragó Anett - - 2013
Infants born prematurely are at higher risk for later linguistic deficits present in delayed or atypical processing of phonetic and prosodic information. In order to be able to specify the nature of this atypical development, it is important to investigate the role of early experience in language perception. According to ...
Tryphonopoulos Panagiota D - - 2013
Salivary cortisol is becoming more commonly utilized as a biologic marker of stress in observational studies and intervention research. However, its use with infants (12 months of age or younger) is less widespread and poses some special challenges to researchers. In order to decide on the most suitable collection procedure ...
Wang Xijuan - - 2013
Bronchopulmonary dysphasia (BPD) is a complex multifactorial disease with an obvious genetic predisposition. Oxidative stress plays an important role in its pathogenesis. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) detoxify metabolites produced by oxidative stress within the cell and protect the cells against injury. In the present study, the hypothesis that polymorphisms in the ...
de Weerth Carolina - - 2013
Our aim was to examine infants' behavioral and physiological stress responses to three weekly maternal separations, in relation to maternal prenatal psychosocial stress and cortisol. The hypothesis was that more prenatal stress and higher cortisol concentrations would predict smaller decreases in negative behavior and cortisol responses over the separations (i.e. ...
Peng Niang-Huei - - 2013
Previous studies separately examined the effects of positioning or environmental stressors on preterm infants' sleep and stress. Since positioning and environmental stressors occur simultaneously during infant hospitalization exploring these variables in the same study may offer new insights. A quasi-experimental study by one-group interrupted time-series design. In the current study, ...
Peng Niang-Huei - - 2013
Although research has demonstrated that the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is a stressful environment for preterm and high-risk infants, little research validates the suspected relationships between infant biobehavioral responses and environmental stress in the NICU. This exploratory study examined the relationship between environmental stress and biobehavioral responses of preterm ...
Mendoza-Cruz A Czarina - - 2013
Context:The duration of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression following glucocorticoid treatment is uncertain.Objective:To determine the duration of HPA axis suppression in prednisolone-treated infants and the age at which circadian variation in salivary cortisol is established in healthy infants.Design, Setting and Participants:Prior to the adoption of propranolol treatment by the Vascular Birthmarks ...
Ference Jennifer - - 2013
Typically developing infants differentiate strong-weak (trochaic) and weak-strong (iambic) stress patterns by 2months of age. The ability to discriminate rhythmical patterns, such as lexical stress, has been argued to facilitate language development, suggesting that a difficulty in discriminating stress might affect early word learning as reflected in vocabulary size. Children ...
Bosquet Enlow Michelle - - 2013
Evidence for the intergenerational transmission of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is documented in the literature, although the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Attachment theory provides a framework for elucidating the ways in which maternal PTSD may increase offspring PTSD vulnerability. The current study utilized two independent prospective data sets to ...
Luecken Linda J - - 2013
Maternal exposure to significant prenatal stress can negatively affect infant neurobiological development and increase the risk for developmental and health disturbances. These effects may be pronounced in low SES and ethnic minority families. We explored prenatal partner support as a buffer of the impact of prenatal stress on cortisol reactivity ...
Shaw Richard J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:The current study evaluates a treatment intervention developed with the goal of reducing symptoms of posttraumatic stress, depression, and anxiety in parents of premature infants.METHODS:A total of 105 mothers of preterm infants (25-34 weeks' gestational age; >600 g) were randomized to receive a 6-session intervention developed to target parental trauma ...
Johnson Katrina C - - 2013
The offspring of mothers with mood disorders may evidence increased behavioral problems as early as preschool; however, no study to date has examined psychophysiological characteristics during infancy, particularly among offspring of mothers diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Elucidating psychobiological mechanisms of risk early in development is critical to inform prevention and ...
Barrett Karlene T - - 2013
Stress peptide, pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP), has been implicated in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The aim of this exploratory study was to determine whether variants in the gene encoding the PACAP-specific receptor, PAC1, are associated with SIDS in Caucasian and African-American infants. Polymerase chain reaction and Sanger ...
Perrone Serafina - - 2013
Abstract Oxidative stress (OS) occurs at birth in all newborns as a consequence of the hyperoxic challenge due to the transition from the hypoxic intrauterine environment to extrauterine life. Free radical (FRs) sources such as inflammation, hyperoxia, hypoxia, ischaemia-reperfusion, neutrophil and macrophage activation, glutamate and free iron release, all increases ...
Cantwell-Bartl Annie M - - 2013
To evaluate the psychosocial status of mothers and fathers of infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome while in the PICU. A retrospective study combining interviews and psychometric testing of parents. Tertiary hospital PICU. Twenty-nine parents (16 mothers and 13 fathers) of surviving children. A semistructured face-to-face interview was conducted to ...
Kurth Elisabeth - - 2013
to examine the views and practices of first-time and experienced mothers in response to infant crying during the first 12 weeks post birth. longitudinal, qualitative study using an interpretive, phenomenological approach. postnatal hospital and home settings in Switzerland. maximum variation sampling of 15 new mothers of diverse parity and educational ...
Jones Rebecca - - 2013
Early experience can alter infants' interest in faces in their environment. This study investigated the relationship between maternal psychological health, mother-infant bonding, and infant face interest in a community sample. A visual habituation paradigm was used to independently assess 3.5-month old infants' attention to a photograph of their mother's face ...
Shaw Richard J - - 2013
Premature birth has been associated with multiple adverse maternal psychological outcomes that include depression, anxiety, and trauma as well as adverse effects on maternal coping ability and parenting style. Infants who are premature are more likely to have poorer cognitive and developmental functioning and, thus, may be harder to parent, ...
Ali Adel S A - - 2013
Excessive infant crying is a common and often stress-inducing condition for parents that can ultimately result in infant abuse. Although the infantile colic is reported commonly and causes appreciable distress for both parents and pediatricians, its pathogenesis remains unclear, despite 40 years of research. This work studied the role of ...
Christiansen Dorte M - - 2013
Losing an infant or fetus late in pregnancy, during birth or in the first year of life is a potentially traumatic event for parents. However, little is known about the factors contributing to chronic posttraumatic stress reactions in this population. The present study examined chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms ...
Victoria Nicole C - - 2013
Approximately 500,000 infants are born prematurely each year in the United States. These infants typically require an extensive stay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), where they experience on average 14 painful and invasive procedures each day. These procedures, including repeated heel lance, insertion of intravenous lines, and respiratory ...
Siqveland Torill S - - 2013
The present prospective longitudinal study aimed to investigate the long-term impact of maternal optimality assessed during pregnancy on parenting stress at infant age 12 months. In this study the concept of optimality was utilized to investigate maternal variations regarding resources during pregnancy in relation to later parenting stress, among three different ...
Habersaat Stephanie - - 2013
Previous studies have found that mothers of very preterm infants often report symptoms of posttraumatic stress, which has been related to cortisol dysregulation. However, the exact nature of this association is not clear and can be different regarding the predominance of some specific symptoms of posttraumatic stress, as suggested by ...
Courts Cornelius - - 2013
BackgroundAn insufficient stress response due to a genetically impaired heat shock protein could play a role in the pathogenesis in a subgroup of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases. Herein, we are first to investigate whether a functionally impairing and thus pathogenic variant of the gene for heat shock protein ...
Flacking R - - 2013
To investigate the influence of co-care facilities and amount of skin-to-skin contact during Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) stay on maternal stress in mothers of preterm infants at two months corrected age. A prospective cohort study that involved 300 mothers of pre-term infants was conducted in four NICUs (two with ...
Sweeney Jane K - - 2013
Physiological and behavioral effects of evaluative handling procedures were studied in 72 newborn infants: 36 preterm (30-35 weeks of gestation) and 36 full-term neonates (39-41 weeks of gestation). While the neurological assessment was physiologically and behaviorally destabilizing to both age groups, preterm subjects had higher heart rate (P < .001), ...
Bener Abdulbari - - 2013
Objective: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of psychological distress, depression, anxiety, and stress among postpartum Arab mothers of preterm or low birth weight (LBW) infants and to identify maternal characteristics that can predict psychological distress among mothers of preterm infants. Methods: A hospital-based study ...
Re Jennifer - - 2013
Serious congenital heart disease frequently requires major congenital heart surgery. It causes much distress for parents, which may not always be recognized and treated appropriately. As part of a larger study, 26 mothers of two-month-old infants subjected to recent cardiac surgery were interviewed in depth. Each mother was invited to ...
Milgrom Jeannette J Parent-Infant Research Institute, Department of Clinical & Health Psychology, Austin Health, Melbourne, Victoria 3081, Australia. - - 2013
Despite ongoing improvements in clinical care, preterm infants experience a variety of stressors in the first weeks of life, including necessary medical procedures, which may affect development. Some stress-reduction programmes based in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) have reported a positive impact on development. In particular, trials of the ...
Gutiérrez-Zotes J A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Some women experience thoughts of harming their infants during the early postpartum period. These intrusive thoughts are conceptually similar to obsessive-compulsive disorder. The aim of our study was to assess whether personality characteristics may predict a mother's development of postpartum thoughts of harming her infant. METHODS: We studied 137 ...
Raines Deborah A - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the occurrence of stress and the areas of stress experienced by mothers as they prepare for their infants' transition from the neonatal intensive care unit to the home setting. A descriptive survey study was used to study mothers of infants anticipating discharge ...
Shaw Richard J RJ Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, 401 Quarry Road, Palo Alto, CA 94305-5719, USA. - - 2013
Fifty-six mothers of premature infants who participated in a study to reduce symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) completed the Brief COPE, a self-report inventory of coping mechanisms, the Stanford Acute Stress Reaction Questionnaire to assess acute stress disorder (ASD) and the Davidson Trauma Scale to assess PTSD. 18 % of ...
Richter Nina - - 2013
Regulatory problems in infancy are determined by different risk factors. This study aims to examine how psychosocial risk factors are connected, and how they impact the early regulatory ability of 3-month-old infants. In a sample of 57 mother-infant dyads, maternal anxiety and infant crying, sleeping and feeding habits were assessed. ...
Kang Sungeun - - 2013
Parabens have been used in multiple products including personal care products, pharmaceuticals, and foods for more than 50years but increasing numbers of studies have raised concerns on their safety. The present study was designed to determine urinary paraben levels among pregnant women and their matching newborn infants (<48h after delivery), ...
Akçay Ahmet - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although oxidative stress-related diseases mostly affect neonates with extremely low birth weight, healthy preterm and term newborns may also be at risk of oxidative damage. There have been studies concerning factors that affect the level of oxidative stress biomarkers in term and preterm neonates, but there has not been ...
Toyoshima Katsuaki - - 2013
Preterm infants frequently experience pulmonary hemorrhage or cerebral intraventricular hemorrhage after birth. The immature myocardium of the left ventricle faces a high afterload after the baby is separated from the placenta. However, the preterm left ventricle has limited ability to respond to such an increase in afterload. This results in ...
Al-Saleh Iman - - 2013
The objective of this work was to assess exposure to mercury (Hg) and its induction of oxidative stress in 155 healthy lactating Saudi mothers and their infants. Samples of breast milk and blood were collected from the mothers, while urine was taken from both infants and mothers. Both urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine ...
Bergman N J - - 2013
Bergman NJ. Neonatal stomach volume and physiology suggest feeding at one hour intervals. Acta Paediatr 2013; XX:000-000 There is insufficient evidence on optimal neonatal feeding intervals, with a wide range of practices. The stomach capacity could determine feeding frequency. A literature search was done for studies reporting volumes or dimensions ...
Gray Peter H - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To measure levels of parenting stress and postnatal depression in mothers of very preterm infants in comparison with mothers of infants born at term is the objective of this study. The study also aimed to explore factors associated with parenting stress in the mothers of the preterm infants. METHODS: ...
Class Quetzal A QA 1Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, 1101 East 10th St., Bloomington, IN 47405, USA. - - 2013
Although preconception and prenatal maternal stress are associated with adverse outcomes in birth and childhood, their relation to infant mortality remains uncertain. We used logistic regression to study infant mortality risk following maternal stress within a population-based sample of infants born in Sweden between 1973 and 2008 (N = 3,055,361). ...
Cho June - - 2013
Objective: Many researchers and health care providers have noticed male vulnerability in infant health, mother-infant interactions, and some infant cognitive development, especially among very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. However, factors beyond gender that could explain these observed differences have not been clear. The purpose of this article is ...
Jahanbin Arezoo - - 2013
Cleft lip and palate are among the most common congenital defects with multifactorial etiology, and maternal stress may have a role in the development of the malformation; thus, the aim of this study was to explore the role of war on cleft lip and palate (CL/P) prevalence.In this study, records ...
Geddes Donna - - 2013
Whilst human milk has not evolved to meet the unique requirements of the preterm infant there are unquestionable benefits to be gained via breast milk in terms of the development and health of the infant. Many mothers of preterm infants struggle to achieve a full milk production for many reasons ...
Franich-Ray Candice - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and nature of trauma symptoms in mothers and fathers of infants who had cardiac surgery. METHOD: Parents of infants who underwent cardiac surgery before 3 months of age were recruited at the time of surgery. 77 mothers and 55 fathers completed the Acute Stress Disorder ...
Loewy Joanne - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:Recorded music risks overstimulation in NICUs. The live elements of music such as rhythm, breath, and parent-preferred lullabies may affect physiologic function (eg, heart and respiratory rates, O2 saturation levels, and activity levels) and developmental function (eg, sleep, feeding behavior, and weight gain) in premature infants.METHODS:A randomized clinical multisite trial ...
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