Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 746
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Borowski A - - 1997
In premature, very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) neonates, complex cardiac malformations can be successfully repaired under conditions of cardiopulmonary bypass. However, due to the immaturity of organ systems, these patients are exposed to a specific risk resulting from noxious effects of extracorporeal circulation, especially on the central nervous system. Two premature neonates with ...
Joseph K S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To identify spatial patterns of changes in infant mortality rates and proportions of low-birth-weight live births observed in 1994. SETTING: Canada. SUBJECTS: Live births and infant deaths in Canada between 1987 and 1994. Data for Newfoundland were unavailable for 1987 through 1990. OUTCOME MEASURES: Annual infant mortality rates (crude ...
Covington M T - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: While the importance of exploring and better measuring elements of prenatal care have been noted in the public health literature, the components and timing of such services have been poorly examined for the overall pregnant population and specifically for African-Americans, who traditionally have had higher rates of low birth ...
Sowards K A - - 1997
Linked death and birth records from San Antonio, Texas revealed that infectious infant mortality is increasingly a function of premature birth and low birth weight. Between 1935 and 1944, 4% of infectious infant deaths had associated causes involving prematurity and related conditions; by 1980, 25% of infectious infant deaths involved ...
Scholl T O - - 1997
The objective of this study was to examine the association of prenatal multivitamin/mineral supplement use during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy by low income, urban women in the Camden Study (1985-1995, n = 1,430) and preterm delivery (< 37 completed weeks) and infant low birth weight (< 2,500 ...
Sable M R - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of the study were (a) to examine the relationship between the health behavior advice recommended by the Public Health Service Expert Panel on the Content of Prenatal Care and the risk of low birth weight and (b) to describe the type and frequency of health behavior advice ...
Owen A L - - 1997
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) began in 1974 after a 2-year pilot program. WIC links food assistance and nutrition education to health care for at-risk persons. The program had approximately 344,000 participants in 1975 and has grown to provide services to nearly 6 million ...
Ishida A - - 1997
It remains difficult to predict, early enough to intervene effectively, the risk of the development of learning disabilities among extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants (birth weights less than 1,000 g). We prospectively studied the relationship between dilatations of lateral ventricles of the cranial computed tomography (CT) scan taken at ...
Takahashi Y - - 1997
The objective of the study was to evaluate postnatal changes in left ventricular (LV) contractility in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. An echocardiographic study comparing 18 VLBW infants without significant complications and 16 normal term infants was carried out at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Akita University Medical ...
Koller H - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Cognitive development in very low birth weight (VLBW, < or = 1500 g) infants typically has been reported based on mean endpoints in cross-sectional studies. These overall group means mask individual patterns of cognitive development. Given the heterogeneity of VLBW infants, it is important to identify individual patterns of ...
Heller C - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of individualized developmental care for very low birth weight infants on the amount of sedation used in their treatment. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized control trial was conducted. Each infant in the experimental group underwent evaluation weekly, and individualized behaviorally ...
Kotagal U R - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to test, refine, and extend a statistical model that adjusts neonatal intensive care costs for a very low birth weight infant's day of life and birth weight category. Subjects were 62 infants with birth weights below 1,501 g who were born and cared for ...
Dabezies E J - - 1997
A syndrome in very low birth weight premature infants weighing less than 1500 g is evidenced by developmental nutritional rickets and fractures at 75 days of age. In a review conducted over 42 months, 247 very low birth weight cases were identified. Rickets was diagnosed in 96 (39%) infants whose ...
Fuentes-Afflick E - - 1997
To investigate the relation between Asian ethnicity/national origin and low birth weight (< 2,500 g), the authors analyzed singleton live births among 50,044 Asian and 221,866 white women who delivered in California during 1992. Ethnic and subgroup differences in prenatal characteristics and birth weight outcomes were found between Asian and ...
Schafer A I - - 1997
For prophylaxis and treatment of venous thromboembolism, low-molecular-weight heparin is as effective as standard, unfractionated heparin and has fewer adverse effects. Moreover, selected patients can use it at home.
Loesche W J - - 1997
Recently, there have been case-control and epidemiologic investigations that strongly associate poor dental health with cardiovascular disease, preterm low birth weight infants, and early death from any cause. In a 7-year prospective study, dental disease was a significant predictor of coronary events leading to death after controlling for known coronary ...
Kawata H - - 1996
Although transaortic patch repair under cardiopulmonary bypass is a suitable procedure for aortopulmonary window, another method without cardiopulmonary bypass may be the only one for an infant with extremely low birth weight. We describe a successful repair of an infant with extremely low birth weight (758 g) by closing the ...
Copper R L - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine whether various measures of poor psychosocial status in pregnancy are associated with spontaneous preterm birth, fetal growth restriction, or low birth weight. STUDY DESIGN: Anxiety, stress, self-esteem, mastery, and depression were assessed at 25 to 29 weeks in 2593 gravid women by use of ...
Min Y I - - 1996
This study suggests that paternal occupational lead exposure may be associated with low birth weight in the offspring. The odds of low birth weight rose fivefold among infants of fathers who were potentially exposed to high levels of lead during the period 6 months before pregnancy to the end of ...
Moss T J - - 1996
Our aim was to determine the effects of low birth weight on ventilatory responses to progressive hypoxia and hypercapnia during early postnatal life. Seven low-birth-weight (2.7 +/- 0.3 kg) and five normal-birth-weight (4.8 +/- 0.2 kg) lambs, all born at term, underwent weekly rebreathing tests during wakefulness while arterial PO2, ...
Kloiber L L - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of late hyponatremia in very-low-birth-weight infants and to identify associated risk factors. Low serum sodium concentration in otherwise healthy premature infants beyond 2 weeks of life is referred to as the hyponatremia. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort review. SETTING/SUBJECTS: The intensive care nursery at St Luke's Hospital ...
Sethi V D - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To describe the survival and neurodevelopmental outcome at age 2 years of very low birth weight infants from routinely collected information in a district general hospital setting. DESIGN: Case note review and child health surveillance information was collected on all liveborn < 1,501 g infants born in our ...
Rennie J M - - 1996
Antenatal steroid administration reduces mortality in preterm infants. We used logistic regression analysis to explore the influence of various factors on intact survival in a population of 798 very low birth weight infants admitted between 1985 and 1992. Antenatal steroid administration (n = 87) was associated with an improved chance ...
Rigby, Marilyn J.;
The purpose of this study was to describe the effect of caregiving on systolic and mean blood pressure in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants during the first 48 hours of life. Caregiving disruptions were analyzed according to number of interventions per caregiving disruption and duration of caregiving disruptions. One-way ...
Short M A - - 1996
A randomized control design was used to compare the effect of swaddling to standard positioning on neuromuscular development in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (< 1,250 gm). The outcome of neuromuscular development was measured at 34 weeks postconceptional age using the Morgan Neonatal Neurobehavioral Exam (MNNE). The sample included ...
Silvestre M A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of continuous versus intermittent feedings on physical growth, gastrointestinal tolerance, and macronutrient retention in very low birth weight infants ( < 1500 gm). STUDY DESIGN: Very low birth weight neonates stratified by birth weight were randomly assigned to either continuous (24-hour) or intermittent (every 3 ...
Blonc S - - 1996
The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of high altitude and low socioeconomic status (SES) on aerobic and anaerobic power in 11-yr-old Bolivian girls. At both high (3,600 m) and low (420 m) altitudes, low-SES groups of girls were compared to similarly aged, high-SES girls. At low ...
Wennerholm U B - - 1996
The aim of this study was to describe the obstetric and perinatal outcome for births following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Of 210 infants born, 140 were singletons and 70 were twins. There were no triplets or higher births. The multiple birth frequency was 20%. Overall, 17% of deliveries were preterm, ...
- - 1996
Special considerations are essential to ensure the safe transportation of premature and low birth weight infants. Both physical and physiologic issues must be considered in the proper positioning of these infants. This statement discusses current recommendations based on the latest research and provides guidelines for physicians who counsel parents of ...
Rabalais G P - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Because invasive candidiasis in newborn infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) occurs most frequently in very low birth weight infants, the incidence of invasive candidiasis and its clinical features in infants > 2500 g birth weight have not been well-described. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical ...
Mastrogiannis D S - - 1996
The two extremes of birth weight ( < 1500 g and > 4000 g) require antepartum surveillance and anticipation of complications during labor and delivery. Prognosis for the very low birth weight carries with it inherent neurologic impairment even when cared for under the best of conditions. In contrast, the ...
Korte C - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate adrenocortical function in ill preterm infants and investigate potential relationships between plasma cortisol concentrations and major neonatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized trial of adrenocorticotropic hormone (1-24ACTH) stimulation testing, followed by a chart review. SETTING: Two level III neonatal intensive care units, Sacramento, Calif. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-seven very low ...
Heird W C - - 1996
Parenteral nutrition has been used in the nutritional management of low-birth-weight infants for the past 25 years. Nonetheless, many aspects of the technique still are not completely understood. Further, Other aspects that are reasonably well understood frequently are not applied in clinical practice. As a result, infants requiring this therapy ...
Krishnan R - - 1996
The pharmacokinetics of recombinant human erythropoietin was studied in 12 very low birth weight preterm infants < 32 weeks of gestation after subcutaneous administration of 300 IU/kg at a postconceptional age of 34 (32-37) weeks and a weight of 1,505 (1330-1,740)g (median and range). The administration of recombinant human erythropoietin ...
Den Ouden A L - - 1996
Transient neonatal hypothyroxinemia is very common in preterm infants. The literature on the effect of this hypothyroxinemia is, however, controversial, and large or long-term follow-up studies are not available. In a nationwide prospective follow-up study on very preterm and (or) very low birth weight infants (n = 717), we studied ...
Stoltenberg C - - 1995
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of children born to immigrant mothers on the total proportions of low birth weight and preterm deliveries in Oslo and to explain the increases in the proportions of children with low birth weight and low gestational age since 1980-1982. DESIGN: This was a cross ...
Shalev E - - 1995
The dilemma of when to deliver preterm or growth-restricted fetuses with abnormal monitoring is faced by all those treating such patients. Current noninvasive tests for fetal well-being have relatively high false-positive rates. Cordocentesis allows the clinician to directly analyze fetal blood and determine whether the fetus is truly in distress, ...
Barnett E - - 1995
PURPOSE: To quantify race differences in the public health impact of maternal cigarette smoking on infant birth weight and to estimate the proportion of low birth weight births that could be prevented by maternal smoking cessation. DESIGN: A cohort that consisted of 77,751 mother-infant pairs was evaluated retrospectively. SETTING: Statewide ...
Kogan M D - - 1995
The manifest importance of reducing the incidence of low birth weight is most obvious for the first year of life: low birth weight is the single most important factor affecting infant morbidity and mortality. However, there is growing evidence that the adverse consequences of low birth weight continue throughout the ...
Bard H - - 1995
To determine whether recombinant erythropoietin (r-HuEpo) administered to very low birth weight infants could increase hemoglobin F synthesis, or delay its developmentally programmed decline, we determined serially the synthesis of hemoglobins A and F in 15 preterm infants receiving either a placebo or r-HuEpo. There was no difference between the ...
Hill A S - - 1995
A secondary data analysis of 7,174 infants explores the use of cereal, fruits and vegetables, and meats with African-American and Anglo-American very-low-birth-weight (VLBW), low-birth-weight (LBW) and term infants over the first five months after discharge. The first solid foods offered were cereal for African-American infants and fruits and vegetables for ...
Kock H J - - 1995
Deep-vein thrombosis is common after plaster-cast immobilisation for traumatic injury. We did a randomised prospective study of the effect of low-molecular-weight heparin on the incidence of deep-vein thrombosis in patients with minor injuries treated with plaster-cast immobilisation of the leg. A control group (n = 163) received no prophylaxis, the ...
Matsuo Y - - 1995
One of the causes of early onset hyperkalaemia in very low birth weight infants is presumed to be the dysfunction of K+ transport across the cell membrane. Sodium-potassium adenosine triphosphatase(Na(+)-K+ ATPase) is known to play a major role in K+ transport. We compared the concentrations of erythrocyte Na(+)-K+ ATPase (Vmax ...
Lee K S - - 1995
Neonatal intensive care has led to a progressive improvement in the survival of very low birth weight (VLBW, < 1,500 g) infants. However, it has not been established whether there has been a simultaneous increase or decrease in the prevalence of handicapping conditions in this group of children. To explore ...
Ehrlich D L - - 1995
Changes of cycloplegic retinoscopy refraction from 8.5 to 38.5 months of age were compared in two infant groups in the Cambridge population: "infant myopes", having at least one myopic axis (0 to -3.5 D inclusive), and a second, "control" group with low hyperopia (< or = +3.5 D). Cycloplegia eliminated ...
Kieffer E C - - 1995
Percentages of low birth weight are low in American Indian and Mexican-American populations despite a high prevalence of traditional risk factors. Data derived from 1979-1990 Hawaii vital record files were used to examine birth weight, infant mortality, and their correlates in Samoan and Hawaiian residents of Hawaii to assess whether ...
van Beek R H - - 1995
Good nutrition is of great importance for all living individuals, especially for the rapidly growing newborn infant. Nutrition is needed not only for the maintenance of physiologic functions but also for growth. Despite extensive research in this field, numerous questions remain regarding the nutrition of the term as well as ...
Makhlouf R A - - 1995
Nine low birth weight infants with neutropenia born to mothers with preeclampsia were treated with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor, 10 micrograms/kg intravenously, within 24 hours of birth and at 24-hour intervals for a maximum of three doses if neutropenia persisted. The absolute neutrophil count increased significantly in eight of the nine ...
Nieuwenhuizen W - - 1995
Fibrinogen is a large heterogeneous family of closely related molecules consisting of three pairs of non-identical polypeptide chains: two A alpha-, two B beta- and two gamma-chains, held together by disulphide bridges. The heterogeneity of fibrinogen is due to heterogeneities in all three chains. Four main types of assay are ...
La Gamma E F - - 1995
Absolute neutropenia lasting longer than 72 hours after birth occurred in four very low birth weight neonates with a maternal history of severe pregnancy-induced hypertension, and was treated with recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor for 3 days. Absolute neutrophil counts increased nearly four-fold within 48 hours; maximal values were recorded on ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >