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Results 451 - 500 of 779
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Fernandez F M - - 1999
A predominantly white, suburban, indigent population of pregnancy women were followed up to determine the incidence of domestic violence and its effect on preterm delivery, low birth weight, and outcome of pregnancy (infant admission to the neonatal intensive care unit. A total of 489 gravidas were screened for domestic violence ...
Worku B - - 1999
All low birth weight infants admitted to the neonatal unit of the Ethio-Swedish Children's Hospital (ESCH), Addis Ababa from September 1995 to August 1996 were followed until discharge. There were 604 babies with birth weight of less than 2,500 grams and 198 of them died in the hospital making the ...
Kanayama N - - 1999
The purpose of this research was to study the changes in the molecular weight of hyaluronic acid in Wharton's jelly altered by necrotizing funisitis. Umbilical cords were collected at delivery from 20 newborns without funisitis, 6 newborns with acute funisitis, and 4 newborns with necrotizing funisitis. Agarose gel electrophoresis of ...
Ziskin M C - - 1999
Ultrasound imaging has been used clinically as an effective diagnostic tool over the past 30 years. In spite of literally millions of examinations, there is no verified documented evidence of adverse effects in patients caused by exposure to diagnostic ultrasound. A number of epidemiological studies of intrauterine ultrasound exposure have ...
de Voogt W G - - 1999
Pacing leads remain the "weaker link" of the permanent pacing system. Lead failure has been an issue since the beginning of implantable pacemaker therapy. Modern electronics have brought about considerable progress in pacing technology, but lead design has been slower to evolve and problems persist. IS-1 standardization must be considered ...
Karlsson R - - 1999
The low-dose ACTH test seems to reveal mild cases of adrenal insufficiency and is beginning to be preferred over the standard ACTH test in the evaluation of adrenal suppression both in infants and in adults. The concentration-time profile of plasma cortisol in infants after a low ACTH dose is obscure. ...
Sentipal-Walerius J - - 1999
We investigated the effect of dexamethasone on parenteral lipid tolerance in 7-day-old extremely low birth weight infants (n = 28) in a randomized, double-blind trial. Serum triglycerides were measured before and after 3 days of dexamethasone or placebo treatment. Infants treated with dexamethasone responded with higher triglyceride concentrations and greater ...
Miller J M JM - - 1999
The intent of this study was to explore the relationship of patient knowledge about the signs and symptoms of preterm labor and low birth weight. To this end, 538 women were interviewed in the postpartum period. Five aspects of preterm labor knowledge (abdominal tightness, vaginal discharge, cramping, diarrhea, and bleeding) ...
Mahmud A B - - 1999
An analysis of birth weight was undertaken on secondary data derived from the Malaysian Family Life Survey II. A total of 1629 last singleton live birth infants was analysed with the aim of identifying from the variables available potential risk factors for low birth weight. Univariate and subsequently multivariate analyses ...
Mondal B - - 1998
Records of 151 Tangsa singleton live births over a period of 4 years at the Nampong Primary Health Centre of Nampong Circle of the Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh were analysed to examine the effect of sex of baby, mother's age and parity on the incidence of low birth weight. ...
McCarton C - - 1998
Low birth weight infants are at increased risk for behavioral and emotional problems. The Infant Health and Development Program was designed to evaluate the efficacy of intense pediatric and family support on reducing developmental and behavioral problems in low birth weight, premature infants. The major findings of this and other ...
Fuentes-Afflick E - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Although immigrants to the United States are usually ethnic minorities and socioeconomically disadvantaged, foreign-born women generally have lower rates of low birth weight infants than do US-born women. OBJECTIVE: To measure the relationship between maternal birthplace, ethnicity, and low birth weight infants. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of birth certificate ...
Roth J - - 1998
This article reviews recent medical research on the relationship between young maternal age and the incidence of low birth weight infants. One line of research, "nature," emphasizes biological factors in early adolescence such as immaturity of the female reproductive system and inadequate prenatal weight gain. "Nurture," another research focus, stresses ...
Sasidharan P - - 1998
Corticosteroids are commonly administered during the perinatal period because of their diverse actions on various organ systems, both at the cellular and molecular level, and because of their effect on maturational physiology. In particular, in situations of refractory cardiovascular collapse, corticosteroids are used by many clinicians as a last-chance therapeutic ...
Taylor H G - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of outcome in very low birth weight (< 1500 g) children. The very low birth weight sample consisted of 68 children weighing less than 750 g at birth and 65 children weighing 750 to 1499 g at birth who had been ...
Menard M K - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether neonatal mortality rates for very low birth weight (500 to 1499 g) infants born in South Carolina differ by level of perinatal services available at the hospital of birth. STUDY DESIGN: Linked live birth certificates and infant death certificates for ...
Ng P C - - 1998
Systemic corticosteroids prescribed for treatment of pulmonary diseases in preterm, very low birth weight infants caused severe suppression of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and produced serious physiological and metabolic disturbances. However, the effect of inhaled corticosteroids on their pituitary-adrenal functions is not known. We prospectively evaluate the pituitary-adrenal function using the ...
Fanaroff A A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Septicemia is a major antecedent of morbidity and mortality in very low birth weight (501- to 1500-g) infants. Our purpose was to determine prospectively the incidence, clinical presentation, laboratory features, risk factors, morbidity and mortality associated with late onset septicemia in infants 501 to 1500 g. METHODS: Clinical data ...
Kingma I - - 1998
Asymmetric lifting is associated with an increased risk of low back disorders. Especially in lifting movements, characterized by a small amount of asymmetry, it is still the question if asymmetric lumbosacral torques occur, or if subjects try to avoid asymmetric back loading by twisting their pelvis with respect to the ...
Brooks-Gunn J - - 1998
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of family and neighborhood income on health care use of young children born prematurely and of low birth weight (N = 619). A birth cohort was enrolled in a clinical randomized trial of early childhood educational and family services. Infant ...
Kaushik S L - - 1998
A total of 2063 live births were studied during one year period from July 1994 to June 1995. Neonatal mortality rate (NMR) was 35.4 per thousand live births. The case fatality rate among low birth weight and preterms was 10.1% and 18.1% respectively. Though, low birth weight babies accounted for ...
Piecuch R E - - 1998
Low birth weight infants have an increased incidence of death after discharge from the intensive care nursery (ICN). To evaluate factors associated with death, and especially unexpected death, we conducted a study on 724 infants discharged from our ICN with a birth weight 1500 g or less. Twenty-four infants died ...
Schraeder B D - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to determine the respiratory symptoms, pulmonary function, and airway reactivity in school-age survivors of very-low-birth-weight and to describe the influence of birth weight and perinatal illness on their pulmonary function. Thirty (of 39) 10- to 11-year-old survivors of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) recruited at birth into ...
Das S - - 1998
A prospective study on 90 neonates born to age matched normal mothers (set I) and mothers (set II) with pre-eclamptic toxaemia (PET) was undertaken to assess and compare the humoral immunity status of the neonates. All of them had normal vaginal delivery. IgG, IgA and IgM were estimated by radial ...
Adamkin D H - - 1998
Extremely low birth weight (ELBW) premature infants who populate intensive care nurseries today often receive such overriding attention to their acute respiratory illness that appropriate attention to certain other adjunctive needs; adequate nutrition is often delayed. The outcome for these ELBW infants may be influenced by the intensity and length ...
Wu P Y - - 1998
Glutamine is a conditionally essential amino acid for low-birth-weight (LBW) and very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants by virtue of its ability to serve as a primary respiratory fuel for proliferating cells, a carrier of nitrogen between tissues, maintain acid-base balance, promote the growth and integrity of the gastrointestinal tract and promote ...
Baier R J - - 1998
To determine whether vancomycin added to parental nutrition (PN) fluids could prevent nosocomial infections in very low birth weight newborns and which infants would benefit most from prophylaxis. Double blind, randomized controlled study. Very low birth weight infants receiving PN in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. Thirty-eight infants with ...
Ray W A WA Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232-2637, - - 1998
The abrupt initiation of capitated Medicaid care in Tennessee (TennCare) in 1994 prompted many questions about changes in quality of care. To evaluate the effect on perinatal outcomes of the transition to TennCare in 1994. Before and after retrospective cohort analysis. Births to women residing in Tennessee between 1990 and ...
Shirahata A - - 1998
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) occurs most frequently during the neonatal period. We have already established criteria for the early diagnosis of DIC in newborn infants, based on the analysis of clinical and laboratory findings in neonates with and without DIC. In that study, laboratory findings for subjects without DIC were ...
Forbes L S - - 1997
Human mothers an efficient screening system to eliminate genetically abnormal embryos. However, the incidence of certain birth defects - most notably Down's syndrome - rises with maternal age. Conventional eplanations have focused on a rising production of defective zygotes; in contrast, an evolutionary approach suggest a relaxed maternal screen. Relaxed ...
Engebretson J C - - 1997
Nonnutritive sucking can provide low-birth-weight infants with an opportunity to organize their behavior, an important component of developmental care. A pacifier specifically designed for low-birth-weight infants facilitates their nonnutritive sucking to more fully meet their needs. The research and development of a pacifier for low-birth-weight infants incorporated a naturalistic approach ...
Borowski A - - 1997
In premature, very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) neonates, complex cardiac malformations can be successfully repaired under conditions of cardiopulmonary bypass. However, due to the immaturity of organ systems, these patients are exposed to a specific risk resulting from noxious effects of extracorporeal circulation, especially on the central nervous system. Two premature neonates with ...
Joseph K S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To identify spatial patterns of changes in infant mortality rates and proportions of low-birth-weight live births observed in 1994. SETTING: Canada. SUBJECTS: Live births and infant deaths in Canada between 1987 and 1994. Data for Newfoundland were unavailable for 1987 through 1990. OUTCOME MEASURES: Annual infant mortality rates (crude ...
Covington M T - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: While the importance of exploring and better measuring elements of prenatal care have been noted in the public health literature, the components and timing of such services have been poorly examined for the overall pregnant population and specifically for African-Americans, who traditionally have had higher rates of low birth ...
Sowards K A - - 1997
Linked death and birth records from San Antonio, Texas revealed that infectious infant mortality is increasingly a function of premature birth and low birth weight. Between 1935 and 1944, 4% of infectious infant deaths had associated causes involving prematurity and related conditions; by 1980, 25% of infectious infant deaths involved ...
Scholl T O - - 1997
The objective of this study was to examine the association of prenatal multivitamin/mineral supplement use during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy by low income, urban women in the Camden Study (1985-1995, n = 1,430) and preterm delivery (< 37 completed weeks) and infant low birth weight (< 2,500 ...
Sable M R - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of the study were (a) to examine the relationship between the health behavior advice recommended by the Public Health Service Expert Panel on the Content of Prenatal Care and the risk of low birth weight and (b) to describe the type and frequency of health behavior advice ...
Owen A L - - 1997
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) began in 1974 after a 2-year pilot program. WIC links food assistance and nutrition education to health care for at-risk persons. The program had approximately 344,000 participants in 1975 and has grown to provide services to nearly 6 million ...
Ishida A - - 1997
It remains difficult to predict, early enough to intervene effectively, the risk of the development of learning disabilities among extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants (birth weights less than 1,000 g). We prospectively studied the relationship between dilatations of lateral ventricles of the cranial computed tomography (CT) scan taken at ...
Takahashi Y - - 1997
The objective of the study was to evaluate postnatal changes in left ventricular (LV) contractility in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. An echocardiographic study comparing 18 VLBW infants without significant complications and 16 normal term infants was carried out at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Akita University Medical ...
Koller H - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Cognitive development in very low birth weight (VLBW, < or = 1500 g) infants typically has been reported based on mean endpoints in cross-sectional studies. These overall group means mask individual patterns of cognitive development. Given the heterogeneity of VLBW infants, it is important to identify individual patterns of ...
Heller C - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of individualized developmental care for very low birth weight infants on the amount of sedation used in their treatment. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized control trial was conducted. Each infant in the experimental group underwent evaluation weekly, and individualized behaviorally ...
Kotagal U R - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to test, refine, and extend a statistical model that adjusts neonatal intensive care costs for a very low birth weight infant's day of life and birth weight category. Subjects were 62 infants with birth weights below 1,501 g who were born and cared for ...
Dabezies E J - - 1997
A syndrome in very low birth weight premature infants weighing less than 1500 g is evidenced by developmental nutritional rickets and fractures at 75 days of age. In a review conducted over 42 months, 247 very low birth weight cases were identified. Rickets was diagnosed in 96 (39%) infants whose ...
Fuentes-Afflick E - - 1997
To investigate the relation between Asian ethnicity/national origin and low birth weight (< 2,500 g), the authors analyzed singleton live births among 50,044 Asian and 221,866 white women who delivered in California during 1992. Ethnic and subgroup differences in prenatal characteristics and birth weight outcomes were found between Asian and ...
Schafer A I - - 1997
For prophylaxis and treatment of venous thromboembolism, low-molecular-weight heparin is as effective as standard, unfractionated heparin and has fewer adverse effects. Moreover, selected patients can use it at home.
Loesche W J - - 1997
Recently, there have been case-control and epidemiologic investigations that strongly associate poor dental health with cardiovascular disease, preterm low birth weight infants, and early death from any cause. In a 7-year prospective study, dental disease was a significant predictor of coronary events leading to death after controlling for known coronary ...
Kawata H - - 1996
Although transaortic patch repair under cardiopulmonary bypass is a suitable procedure for aortopulmonary window, another method without cardiopulmonary bypass may be the only one for an infant with extremely low birth weight. We describe a successful repair of an infant with extremely low birth weight (758 g) by closing the ...
Copper R L - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine whether various measures of poor psychosocial status in pregnancy are associated with spontaneous preterm birth, fetal growth restriction, or low birth weight. STUDY DESIGN: Anxiety, stress, self-esteem, mastery, and depression were assessed at 25 to 29 weeks in 2593 gravid women by use of ...
Min Y I - - 1996
This study suggests that paternal occupational lead exposure may be associated with low birth weight in the offspring. The odds of low birth weight rose fivefold among infants of fathers who were potentially exposed to high levels of lead during the period 6 months before pregnancy to the end of ...
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