Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 838
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Wehrend A - - 2005
Partus induction is an important integrative component of reproduction management in the swine industry. In this context, the question is to what extent the application of uterotonic substances may influence the vitality of piglets. The blood pH value is used as a laboratory objective diagnostic parameter of neonatal acidosis. This ...
Bueno Beatriz - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To analyze the clinical and sonographic variables that affect the success of labor induction. METHODS: Bishop score, cervical length, and parity were studied in 196 pregnant women in the prediction of successful vaginal delivery within 24 hr of induction. Logistic regression and segmentation analysis were performed. RESULTS: Cervical length ...
R?etschi Ulla - - 2005
Intra-amniotic inflammation (IAI) may cause preterm birth with poor neonatal out-come. To identify novel biomarkers for IAI, we analyzed amniotic and cervical fluid samples from 27 patients with signs of threatening preterm birth with or without IAI by surface-enhanced laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS). Seventeen proteins were significantly ...
Ogino Mitsuharu - - 2005
AIM: Term pregnancy complicated by premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is thought to be associated in part with subclinical infection, and places mothers and neonates at an increased risk for several complications. Therefore, perinatal care would be greatly helped if a reliable clinical measure were available for predicting the incidence ...
Mayo Anthony J - - 2005
Companies and leaders don't succeed or fail in a vacuum. When it comes to longterm success, the ability to understand and adapt to changing business conditions is at least as important as any particular personality trait or competency. A clear picture of how powerful the zeitgeist can be emerges from ...
Yolande Hyjazi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy, side effects and cost of misoprostol regimens in various obstetrical situations frequently occurring in developing countries. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and four parturient women with indications for labor induction received different regimens of misoprostol in the range of 50-800 ...
Ables Adrienne Z - - 2005
There is dispute in the United States about what should be the first line of tocolytics for preterm labor. In Europe, the initial choice to prevent preterm birth is a calcium channel antagonist (CCA). Randomized studies have noted that CCAs are as efficacious as other tocolytics and a meta-analysis concluded ...
Yeast John D - - 2005
Premature labor and subsequent premature delivery is the major cause of perinatal death in the world. Numerous risk factors identify patients at jeopardy for preterm labor, but with poor sensitivity. Several biologic and biochemical markers have been recently studied that may allow early identification of patients at risk of preterm ...
Elliott John P - - 2005
Preterm labor (PTL) is common in multiple gestations. Management of patients includes attempts at prevention of PTL, acute tocolysis when PTL is diagnosed, and long-term maintenance tocolysis. Clinical therapeutics should be aggressively directed at minimizing the background uterine contractions to reduce the incidence of PTL and to provide a greater ...
Locatelli Anna - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess whether the duration of labor has any effect on the occurrence of cerebral white-matter damage in very preterm infants who are delivered in the presence of intrauterine infection. STUDY DESIGN: From a cohort of infants who were born spontaneously at <32 ...
Lewis David F - - 2005
Magnesium sulfate has become the first-line tocolytic for short-term use to arrest idiopathic preterm labor. The reasons for its acceptance include familiarity of the drug, ease of use, and the virtual absence of serious maternal side effects. Sufficient data exist showing its efficacy if used in higher doses. Attention to ...
Durodola A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of arithmetic and geometric increases in oxytocin infusion dosage during induction of labor. METHODS: A total of 120 pregnant women requiring induction of labor at term were randomly assigned to receive oxytocin at dosages increasing arithmetically or geometrically. Maternal demographics, labor delivery data, ...
Kim Young-Han - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To determine whether the measurement of beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-HCG) level in the vaginal washing fluid could be useful for the diagnosis of premature rupture of membranes. METHODS: Totally, 120 pregnant women were enrolled in this study. Subjects were divided into four groups [group I, no preterm labor and ...
Ayres Allen - - 2005
Over the past 20 years, the number and rate of multiple births have dramatically increased in the United States. The rise in multiple births is mainly attributable to the increased use of ovulation-inducing drugs and the newly developed assisted reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization. Multifetal gestation is associated ...
Fiala C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The pharmacokinetics of a novel slow-release (SR) misoprostol was studied and compared to conventional misoprostol. METHODS: Thirty-one women, pregnant between 8 and 12 weeks, requesting surgical abortion were randomly allocated to receive orally 400 microg conventional misoprostol, 400 microg SR misoprostol or 800 microg SR misoprostol. Venous blood samples ...
Psomiadis Nicolas - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Study the effectiveness of tocolysis for preterm labor with advanced cervical dilatation ( > or = 3 cm) to achieve sufficient latency for the effect of steroids to occur, and delivery of more mature neonates. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 249 singleton pregnancies, 23-36 weeks gestation in preterm labor, stratified ...
Becroft David M O - - 2005
Deposits of hemosiderin are found frequently in the interstitium of the lungs of infants who die suddenly and have been a suggested marker for hypoxia during previous episodes of apnea. We studied the epidemiology of pulmonary interstitial hemosiderin (PIH) in 94 infants with a diagnosis of the sudden infant death ...
Singhal Savita Rani - - 2005
This is a retrospective study carried out over a period of 7 years at a tertiary care hospital to evaluate the indications, types and complications of destructive operations. During this period, 51 destructive operations were performed on women with obstructed labor and intrauterine fetal death. The most common operation performed ...
Ouzounian Joseph G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the rate of associated risk factors for shoulder dystocia from a large cohort of patients delivered within our Southern California perinatal program. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis was performed of patients delivered from January 1991 to June 2001. Patients with and without shoulder dystocia ...
Jacobsson Bo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-2 and MCP-3 in cervical and amniotic fluid in women in preterm labor. STUDY DESIGN: Cervical and amniotic fluid was sampled from women with singleton pregnancies (< or =34 weeks) in preterm labor (n = 58). RESULTS: Monocyte chemotactic protein-2 (range: ...
Ness Amen - - 2005
Abnormalities of the first and second stages of labor refer for the most part to abnormal progression of labor. This article discusses the risk factors, diagnoses, management options, and outcomes of the various categories of labor abnormalities, and provides an evidence-based approach where one exists. The article concentrates on the ...
Liao John B - - 2005
Labor is refers to the chain of physiologic events that allows a fetus to undertake its journey from the uterus to the outside world. The mean duration of a singleton preganancy is 40.0 weeks (280 days), which is dated from the first day of the last normal menstrual period. The ...
Elliott John P - - 2005
High-order multiple gestation presents unique challenges to the clinician to obtain the best possible outcome. An aggressive proactive approach works best compared with a wait-and-treat strategy when complications occur. Frequent ultrasound evaluations, fetal fibronectin testing, and contraction monitoring are important diagnostic tools. Aggressive weight gain, bed rest, and relaxation techniques ...
Eberhard Jakob - - 2005
Labor is one of the most painful experiences in a woman's life. Does water birth influence the pain experienced? Data from an ongoing, longitudinal, prospective observational study that spans 9 years and includes questionnaires from 12,040 births were used to evaluate pain perception (visual analogue scale (VAS)) and analgesic use. ...
Edwards Rodney K - - 2005
Chorioamnionitis is a puerperal infection that exists in histologic, clinical, and subclinical forms. This entity is believed to play a causative role in many cases of spontaneous preterm delivery. It also is associated with an increased risk of dysfunctional labor. This article focuses on the effects of chorioamnionitis on the ...
Escumalha Manuela - - 2005
Misoprostol is a synthetic prostaglandin currently employed to induce labor. Association with illegal abortion has been reported; however, neonatal outcome and morbidity after a failed attempt of abortion has not been described. OBJECTIVES: To report the association between misoprostol self-medication and preterm labor and to assess perinatal risk factors, morbidity ...
Noumi George - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to assess the accuracy of both clinical and sonographic estimations of the fetal weight (EFW) performed during the active phase of labor by residents. METHODS: The study protocol consisted of achieving clinical, followed by sonographic EFW by the admitting resident during the active phase of ...
Lieberman Ellice - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether epidural analgesia is associated with a higher rate of abnormal fetal head position at delivery. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 1,562 women to evaluate changes in fetal position during labor by using serial ultrasound examinations. Ultrasound examinations were performed at enrollment, epidural administration, ...
Sozmen Sule - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the predictive value of maternal serum and vaginal interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels for preterm delivery before 37 gestational weeks in patients with preterm labor and to determine the probable relationship between IL-6 concentrations and delivery interval. METHODS: In this prospective ...
Rust Orion A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine whether the presence of a dilated internal os (funneling or beaking) alters the outcome of patients with a short cervix documented by transvaginal ultrasound in the second trimester. STUDY DESIGN: Between January 1998 and May 2004, all singleton pregnancies with a short cervix ...
Dalui Rabindranath - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The success of induced labor depends on the degree of ripening of cervix. Pharmacological preparations are in widespread use for cervical ripening but are not free from side-effects and complications. Mechanical methods, i.e. the use of Foley catheter balloon, though effective have not gained much popularity because of the ...
Glantz J Christopher - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors and outcomes associated with elective medical induction of labor as compared with spontaneous labor in low-risk women. STUDY DESIGN: Using a birth certificate database including 11,849 low-risk, laboring women, univariate and multiple logistic regression was used to evaluate demographic and obstetric factors associated with elective labor ...
Carlton Troy - - 2005
The decision-making process in childbearing women regarding birth preferences raises ethical dilemmas related to caring for women during labor and birth. Giving birth is a powerful, life-changing event that leaves a lasting impact on the childbearing woman. The birth experience may be perceived positively or negatively or with feelings of ...
Magann Everett F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine, in a single tertiary obstetric hospital, the incidence of and risk factors for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) after a vaginal birth. METHODS: PPH was defined as measured blood loss greater than 1,000 mL and/or need for a transfusion. RESULTS: Over a 4-year period, 13,868 of 19,476 women delivered ...
Gaiser Robert R - - 2005
The use of epidural analgesia for labor continues to increase dramatically. It has been suggested that epidural analgesia increases the risk of cesarean section, operative vaginal delivery, and prolonged labor. These issues have been extensively investigated. The use of epidural analgesia does not increase the risk of cesarean section. It ...
Gross Mechthild M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: No accurate method, clinical or otherwise, currently exists to determine the onset of labor precisely. The objective of this study was to investigate what influences the duration of first stage labor in women with spontaneous labor and childbirth in a nonclinical setting. METHODS: From a population-based cohort of 1,448 ...
Sadan Oscar - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of an external nasal dilator on several variables characterizing labor in both mother and fetus. METHODS: One hundred and fifty primigravida women in active labor were randomized to wear, throughout labor, either a dilator spring-loaded nasal strip or a ...
Wong Cynthia A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia initiated early in labor (when the cervix is less than 4.0 cm dilated) has been associated with an increased risk of cesarean delivery. It is unclear, however, whether this increase in risk is due to the analgesia or is attributable to other factors. METHODS: We conducted a ...
Manco-Johnson M J - - 2005
The fetal hemostatic system is unique in many respects. Many coagulation proteins are expressed early in embryonic development and play roles outside of coagulation in cell proliferation and differentiation. Coagulation mRNA and protein can be detected within hepatic and endothelial cells within the first month of gestation and in fetal ...
Cockwell Heather A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of emergency cerclage for women who present with a dilated external cervical os and bulging or "hour-glassing" membranes. We examined overall experiences at Kingston General Hospital (KGH) from 2000 to 2004 and conducted a literature review for the period January 1, 1995, to December 31, ...
Ryo Eiji - - 2005
We carried out a study to evaluate the effectiveness of imipenem/cilastatin sodium (IPM/CS) in the expectant management of patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). The study group (100 women) who presented with PPROM from 24 to 31 weeks of gestation, between 1997 and 1999, were managed expectantly, and ...
Farina Lucinda - - 2005
The prevention of preterm labor has the potential to reduce newborn morbidity and mortality by decreasing the incidence of preterm birth. Half of all preterm births occur in women with no known clinical risk factors. Labor onset and progress is multifactorial, and we are just beginning to understand the role ...
Lazarus J V - - 2005
Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. This is being addressed by leading professional organizations, which point to the importance of a skilled attendant at birth. But they also emphasize that the active management of the third stage of labor is proven to reduce ...
Ahanya Sureshbabu N - - 2005
Meconium passage in newborn infants is a developmentally programmed event normally occurring within the first 24 to 48 hours after birth. Intrauterine meconium passage in near-term or term fetuses has been associated with fetomaternal stress factors and/or infection, whereas meconium passage in postterm pregnancies has been attributed to gastrointestinal maturation. ...
Romano Amy M - - 2005
In this column, the author presents summaries of four research studies that further illuminate the physiology and benefits of normal birth. The topics of the studies are home birth, upright positions during the second stage of labor, delayed pushing in women using epidural analgesia, and the effect of exposure to ...
Richardson Bryan S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine risk assessments for a spectrum of neonatal outcomes with elective cesarean delivery versus a trial of labor for previous cesarean section and otherwise healthy patients who deliver at term. STUDY DESIGN: The perinatal/neonatal database of St. Joseph's Health Care, London, Ontario, ...
Garrett Kelly - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To characterize dysfunctional labors that lead to cesarean delivery in the second stage and to assess the accuracy of diagnoses of abnormal fetal descent. METHODS: Thirty-one patients delivered by cesarean during the second stage because of abnormal labor or presumed cephalopelvic disproportion were studied and compared to 62 control ...
Torbé Andrzej - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Although the usefulness of procalcitonin (PCT) in clinical practice is increasing, no data are available on procalcitonin during pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether procalcitonin was present in the cervicovaginal secretion of pregnant women and, if so, to evaluate the practical value of determining the ...
Amory Josephine H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Two single-base polymorphisms of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene (TNF-alpha) at positions -863 and -308 are associated with variation in production of TNF-alpha (TNF-alpha). TNF-alpha genotypes were tested for association with adverse outcomes in mother-infant pairs with preterm labor. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed a cohort of 118 mother-infant pairs ...
Papanikolaou Evangelos G - - 2004
The objective of this randomized prospective study was to compare the efficacy of 50 mcg vaginal misoprostol and 3 mg dinoprostone, administered every nine hours for a maximum of three doses, for elective induction of labor in a specific cohort of nulliparous women with an unfavorable cervix and more than ...
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