Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 844
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Fadler Kara M - - 2008
Sacrococcygeal teratomas (SCTs) are the most common germinal cell neoplasms of the fetus and neonate. They originate during embryonic development when the primitive streak fails to differentiate among mesodermal, ectodermal, and endodermal tissues in the embryonic disc. This article discusses the fetal pathophysiology of SCTs and the impact of the ...
Kikkawa Masashi - - 2008
We report on three pregnant women with ritodrine-induced neutropenia who were successfully treated with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF). The neutropenia occurred after continuous intravenous infusion of ritodrine for preterm labor. Ritodrine was discontinued and G-CSF was administered. Neutrophil counts returned to normal an average of 4.3 days after the administration. ...
Lee Si Eun - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency and clinical significance of intraamniotic inflammation in patients with acute cervical insufficiency. STUDY DESIGN: Amniocentesis was performed in 52 patients with acute cervical insufficiency (cervical dilation, > or =1.5 cm) and intact membranes and without regular uterine contractions (gestational ...
Chuntharapat Songporn - - 2008
This study examined the effects of a yoga program during pregnancy, on maternal comfort, labor pain, and birth outcomes. A randomized trial was conducted using 74-primigravid Thai women who were equally divided into two groups (experimental and control). The yoga program involved six, 1-h sessions at prescribed weeks of gestation. ...
Yildirim Gulay - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Valsalva pushing technique is used routinely in the second stage of labor in many countries, and it is accepted as standard obstetric management in Turkey. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of pushing techniques on mother and fetus in birth in this setting. METHODS: ...
Sadeh-Mestechkin D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the management policy of delivery in a suspected macrosomic fetus and to describe the outcome of this policy. STUDY DESIGN: For this prospective observational study we followed the management by reviewing the medical records of 145 women and their infants. The study population included women at term ...
Hoskins K E - - 2008
We describe the complicated course of a rare pregnant woman with symptomatic Huntington disease (HD) and discuss multidisciplinary care issues that may be encountered. A 31-year-old gravida 2, para 1 with advanced HD was admitted at 30 weeks gestation for preterm labor. Her course was complicated by progressive cognitive and ...
Fischer Richard L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between the translabial cervical length and the latency period or peripartum maternal infection in women with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). METHODS: Fifty-five women with a singleton gestation and PPROM between 24 and 34 weeks who had a translabial ultrasound performed within 24 hours ...
Hunker, Diane F
Unplanned, adverse events during labor or delivery may generate a negative response for the mother during the early postpartum period, resulting in disruption of usual functioning and mood. Alterations in maternal mood can lead to a more debilitating condition known as Postpartum Depression. Postpartum Depression negatively affects the quality of ...
Boehme Elaine - - 2008
A young mother shares the stories of her two sons' births. Her first birth experience was complicated by muscle spasms and changes in her baby's heart rate during labor and, later, by medical problems with her baby in the days after birth. The mother's strength and commitment shine through at ...
Hájek Zdenek - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The receptor for advanced glycation end products, RAGE, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of several diseases. sRAGE, soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products, is an inhibitor of the pathological effect mediated via RAGE. The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of measuring sRAGE ...
Romano Amy M - - 2008
Interfering with the normal physiological process of labor and birth in the absence of medical necessity increases the risk of complications for mother and baby. Six evidence-based care practices promote physiological birth: avoiding medically unnecessary induction of labor, allowing freedom of movement for the laboring woman, providing continuous labor support, ...
Park Kyo Hoon - - 2008
AIMS: To determine whether sonographic measurement of cervical length predicts intra-amniotic infection and impending preterm delivery (within 7 days of amniocentesis) in women with preterm labor and intact membranes, and to compare the predictability with that of amniotic fluid (AF) white blood cell (WBC) count. METHODS: Transvaginal ultrasonographic assessment of ...
Caughey Aaron B - - 2008
Spontaneous rupture of membranes (ROM) is a normal component of labor and delivery. Premature ROM (PROM) refers to rupture of the fetal membranes prior to the onset of labor irrespective of gestational age. Once the membranes rupture, delivery is recommended when the risk of ascending infection outweighs the risk of ...
Hsu Tian-Lun - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In the past, oligohydramnios occurring early during the secondary trimester was the reason to terminate the pregnancy because of poor prognosis. Even though amnioinfusion has been reported for improving the prognosis of the infant, it is still not frequently used because of unfavorable results. We present our experience with ...
Wittman Anna Blackburn - - 2007
Obstructed labor is a common complication of human childbirth. In parts of the world where access to emergency obstetric services is limited, obstructed labor is a major cause of maternal mortality. Women who survive the ordeal of prolonged obstructed labor often end up suffering from an obstetric vesicovaginal fistula or ...
Ophir Ella - - 2007
Water intoxication, a form of acute hyponatremia, has been described in various clinical situations. Although hyponatremia is a common metabolic disorder in hospitalized patients, it is generally not well known as a hazard in the labor and delivery room. However, several factors predispose laboring women to develop hyponatremia. Moreover, because ...
Ehn Nicole L NL Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, - - 2007
Progesterone plays a critical role in the maintenance of pregnancy and has been effectively used to prevent recurrences of preterm labor. We investigated the role of genetic variation in the progesterone receptor (PGR) gene in modulating risks for preterm labor by examining both maternal and fetal effects. Cases were infants ...
Nigrovic Lise E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to investigate whether xanthochromia in newborns is related to maternal labor before delivery. METHODS: We reviewed the medical charts of all of the infants < or = 30 days of age who had a lumbar puncture performed in a single pediatric emergency department ...
Walsh Colin A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to analyze trends in intrapartum fetal death and rates of perinatal autopsy over a 25-year period in Dublin, Ireland. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective multicenter analysis of 508,342 nonanomalous infants 500 g or more, delivering in 3 tertiary-referral university institutions between 1979-2003. RESULTS: There has been ...
Borna Sedigheh - - 2007
AIM: The effectiveness of the management of preterm birth remains an important health care issue, especially when considering that more than two thirds of singleton neonatal death occurs in preterm labor. The purpose of this study was to compare oral celecoxib with intravenous magnesium sulfate as tocolytic. METHODS: This was ...
Chumworathayi Bandit - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Primary non-gestational uterine cervical choriocarcinoma is very unusual and although it has been hypothesized that it can arise by metaplastic transformation of cervical epithelium, solid evidence has been lacking. CASE: Primary non-gestational uterine cervical choriocarcinoma was diagnosed in a 47-year-old, woman undergoing tubal resection 17 years previously. A histologically- ...
Cockle Julia V - - 2007
The objective of this article is to review the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in fetomaternal/neonatal complications of preterm birth. The function of MMPs as proteolytic enzymes involved in tissue remodeling/destruction is reviewed in preterm labor, preeclampsia, premature rupture of membranes, intrauterine growth restriction, chronic lung disease, necrotizing enterocolitis, intraventricular ...
Nyamtema A S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of partograms used to monitor labor in Dar es Salaam hospitals, Tanzania. METHODS: The study team reviewed the records of the parameters of labor, and maternal and fetal conditions in 367 partograms, and interviewed 20 midwives. RESULTS: All midwives interviewed had been previously trained to ...
Roizen Jeffrey D - - 2008
Parturition is a complex mammalian physiological process whose fundamental determinants have remained elusive. The increasing incidence of human preterm birth, a leading cause of infant mortality, highlights the importance of further understanding mechanisms regulating the timing of birth. Parturition is initiated in most nonprimate mammals, including mice, through a decrease ...
Sung Joyce F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that prolonged second stage of labor increases the incidence of unintentional hysterotomy extensions at cesarean delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort of term pregnant women who underwent primary cesarean delivery after failed second stage of labor at Stanford University was assessed for hysterotomy extensions and other maternal ...
Herbst Andreas - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how the interval between membrane rupture and delivery affects the risk of neonatal sepsis and whether duration of labor influences the risk. METHODS: A registry study included 113,568 singleton infants born at term after a trial of labor (elective cesarean deliveries excluded). The incidence of a diagnosis ...
Vayssière Christophe - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess whether knowledge of ST-segment analysis was associated with a reduction in operative deliveries for nonreassuring fetal status (NRFS) or with a need for at least 1 scalp pH during labor. STUDY DESIGN: Seven hundred ninety-nine women at term with abnormal cardiotocography ...
Towner Dena R - - 2007
Operative vaginal delivery has been maligned since the days of W.J. Little with the word "forceps" becoming nearly synonymous with "Birth Injury" and "Cerebral Palsy." However in his presentation to the Obstetrical Society of London in 1861, Little's emphasis was on difficult labors being the culprit in subsequent disabilities in ...
Rayburn William F - - 2007
A systematic review of the literature was performed on the risks associated with elective induction of labor. A MEDLINE search was undertaken of articles based on the criterion that elective induction was central to the article. Manuscripts were in English in core clinical journals from 1996 to 2005. Articles before ...
Park Kyo Hoon - - 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of transvaginal sonographic cervical measurement in predicting failed labor induction and cesarean delivery for failure to progress in nulliparous women. One hundred and sixty-one women scheduled for labor induction underwent transvaginal ultrasonography and digital cervical examinations. Logistic regression demonstrated that ...
León Rubén - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic and randomized controlled studies have shown that periodontal diseases may be associated with preterm labor and delivery of infants with low birth weights. The purpose of the present study was to determine the presence of microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity by periodontopathic bacteria in pregnant women with ...
Hwang Kwei-Shuai - - 2007
Otocephaly is a rare lethal syndrome of microstomia, aglossia, agnathia, and synotia. This male infant was born to a 19-year-old, gravida 1, para 0, woman who received routine prenatal check-up. Polyhydramnios, low-lying ears, and proboscis were noted by sonography at 29 weeks of gestation. Amniocentesis showed a normal karyotype of ...
Lyell Deirdre J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and side effects of intravenous magnesium to oral nifedipine for acute tocolysis of preterm labor. METHODS: A multicenter randomized trial was performed. Patients in active preterm labor who were at 24 to 33 weeks and 6 days of gestation were randomly assigned to receive magnesium ...
Gödtel-Armbrust Ute - - 2007
St. John's wort (SJW, Hypericum perforatum) is a well-tolerated herbal medicine widely used for the treatment of mild and moderate depressions. In the last 5 years, SJW has been implicated in drug interactions, which are largely mediated by the induction of the drug metabolizing enzymes, especially CYP3A4. There is still ...
El-Sayed Yasser Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes after successful and failed trials of labor after cesarean in women at term, excluding uterine ruptures, and to examine predictors of successful and failed trials of labor. STUDY DESIGN: Matched maternal and neonatal data from 1993-1999 in women with singleton term pregnancies with ...
Zadeh-Modarres Shahrzad - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have suggested that chronic periodontitis may induce an inflammatory response which can cause premature delivery. This study was designed to assess the association between periodontal health and preterm labor in Iranian female population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, 201 pregnant women without systemic disease or ...
Lyndrup Jens - - 2007
Preterm birth is the major cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity in the developed world. The perfect tocolytic that is uniformly effective with complete fetomaternal safety does not exist. Tocolytic agents differ in cost, utero-specificity, safety, efficacy and whether they are licensed for use. The main three agents that are ...
Secher N J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of double cerclage compared with a single cerclage. DESIGN: Randomised, controlled multicentre trial. SETTING: Ten different countries are participating with both secondary and tertiary centres. The countries participating are Denmark, Sweden, Germany, United Kingdom, Spain, South Africa, Australia and India. This gives both a broad ...
Weinberger Barry - - 2007
Neutrophil apoptosis is impaired in neonates, and this contributes to prolonged inflammation and tissue injury in infants after infection or trauma. In the present studies, we investigated whether labor generates mediators that further suppress apoptosis. We found that neutrophil apoptosis was reduced in neonates exposed to labor, when compared with ...
Chang Xavier - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In South America, and particularly Ecuador, cesarean section rates have risen markedly over the past five years. The associated increases in maternal morbidity and healthcare costs indicate the need for alternative strategies. Operative vaginal delivery is minimally utilized in Ecuador, as neither vacuum nor forceps have been available. OBJECTIVE: ...
Menon Ramkumar - - 2007
Spontaneous preterm birth, caused by preterm labor (contractions before 37 weeks' gestation) or preterm premature rupture of the membranes (pPROM) (membrane rupture before the onset of labor) or both account for approximately 80% of preterm deliveries. pPROM is associated with 30-40% of preterm deliveries and the incidence of pPROM has ...
Wilson Carol L - - 2007
Having a baby is a powerful experience that, according to attachment theory, should activate the attachment system and elicit attachment needs and motives. The current study investigated first-time parents' perceptions of and responses to events surrounding labor and delivery and early parenthood. Couples expecting their first child completed measures of ...
Beebe Laura - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine immediate neonatal outcomes associated with elective labor induction. STUDY DESIGN: Labor inductions occurring at > or = 38 weeks' gestation were examined during a 6-month period at 2 community hospitals. Medical records were reviewed by trained abstractors to determine the reason for induction (elective vs. medical) and ...
Sidlik Rakefet - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to characterize the delivery outcome of parturients with congenital heart defects (CHD), from maternal and from neonatal perspectives. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective population-based study was conducted, covering a 13-year period (1989-2002) with an aggregate of 151,487 deliveries of all women with and ...
Liang Ching-Chung - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The effect of epidural analgesia on nulliparous labor and delivery remains controversial. In addition, pregnancy and delivery have long been considered risk factors in the genesis of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). We sought to determine the effect of epidural analgesia and timing of administration on labor course and postpartum ...
Lahra Monica M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of chorioamnionitis and fetal inflammatory response in a stillborn cohort and the relationship of fetal response to spontaneous labor, unexplained antepartum death, and spontaneous preterm death. STUDY DESIGN: In a 15-year hospital cohort study, placental histopathologic evidence, labor onset, ...
Cromi A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate maternal and neonatal outcomes in a large series of patients undergoing cervical ripening with a Foley catheter. METHODS: The database of the Labor and Delivery Unit of the University of a teaching hospital in Italy was used to identify consecutive patients with a Bishop score (BS) of ...
Yoneda Satoshi - - 2007
AIM: Various predictive markers for preterm delivery have been proposed in previous studies. We investigated which marker is most reliable. METHODS: In 126 patients with preterm labor before 32 weeks of gestation and intact membranes, who had regular uterine contractions with cervical changes effaced > or =50%, we evaluated seven ...
Khan R A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and safety of the concurrent administration of oxytocin and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) for induction of labor at term, prompt delivery, and good maternal and neonatal outcomes. METHODS: In this comparative cohort study of 70 women conducted in Pakistan, 35 were given oxytocin and PGE2 concurrently ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >