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Yan Wei - - 2011
Pseudomonas aeruginosa septicemia is rare in healthy children. Dermatologic manifestations, such as ecthyma gangrenosum and indurated erythematous nodular lesions, as the first signs of pseudomonas infection have rarely been reported. Herein we report a previously healthy 7-month-old girl with ecthyma gangrenosum and multiple nodules as the manifestations of P. aeruginosa sepsis ...
Adamkin David H - - 2011
This report provides a practical guide and algorithm for the screening and subsequent management of neonatal hypoglycemia. Current evidence does not support a specific concentration of glucose that can discriminate normal from abnormal or can potentially result in acute or chronic irreversible neurologic damage. Early identification of the at-risk infant ...
Prasad Rajniti - - 2011
Neonatal osteomyelitis of the calvaria is a rare condition. The present case report describes a 4-week-old infant with osteomyelitis of the right parietal and temporal bones caused by Staphylococcus aureus. CT scan revealed a characteristic "moth-eaten" appearance and multiloculated brain abscess with encephalomalacia, which was successfully treated by appropriate intravenous ...
Culot Laurence - - 2011
Maternal infanticide in wild non-human primates has only been reported twice. In this paper, we report a possible new case of infanticide and cannibalism within a series of four successive reproductive failures in wild moustached tamarins, Saguinus mystax. Necropsy and genetic analyses of the corpses enabled us to rule out ...
Petersson Rajanya S - - 2011
Two infants presented with intermittent stridor and evidence of laryngomalacia on flexible laryngoscopy. The first was a 10-month-old girl who had undergone 3 supraglottoplasty surgeries at an outside institution, without long-term resolution of symptoms. She was found during our evaluation to have a Chiari malformation. Laryngomalacia symptoms resolved after suboccipital ...
Mathur N B - - 2011
We report a case of congenital hyperinsulinism with diffuse pancreatic abnormality diagnosed preoperatively by using [18-F]-L-DOPA positron emission tomography (PET). The infant was referred to us for recurrent hypoglycemia. Critical blood sample revealed increased insulin: glucose ratio. DOPA PET scan revealed diffuse involvement of pancreas. Subtotal (95%;) pancreatectomy was done. ...
Lariviere Janice - - 2011
: To examine the effects of a parent book reading intervention in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) on parent-infant interaction and on the incidence of parents reading to their infants 3 months post-NICU discharge. : A nonrandomized, participant blinded intervention study using a historical control group (CG) was conducted. ...
Rosenberg Janine M - - 2011
Abstract Objective: Compare relative levels of stress reported by mothers and fathers in families containing infants with and without single suture craniosynostosis (SSC). Design/Participants: Mothers and fathers of 246 infants with recently-diagnosed SSC and 253 frequency-matched control infants completed the Parenting Stress Index (PSI) just prior to their infant's cranioplastic ...
Hirschenfang Jill - - 2011
In this birth story, a young mother relates her experience of moving beyond fear of labor and birth and developing confidence in her ability to give birth without an epidural. Knowledge and support, including the support of a doula, during the last months of pregnancy helped this mother change her ...
Shimizu Takeru - - 2010
Alveolar capillary dysplasia (ACD), which is a rare and lethal congenital pulmonary anomaly found in newborns, begins its onset or causes deterioration of the infant's condition some time after birth. Various congenital anomalies in combination with ACD have been reported, except for subglottic stenosis. Therefore, we aim to report a ...
Bavikar Rupali R - - 2010
Idiopathic Myelofibrosis (MF) is an extremely rare condition in children. It has a very variable clinical spectrum. Cases of secondary myelofibrosis associated with Vitamin D deficiency and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus have been reported from India .In this case report, the authors describe clinical signs, laboratory findings and histologic features in ...
Meehan William Paul WP - - 2010
The objectives of the study were (1) to determine the relative use of strategies for managing the well-appearing febrile infant and (2) to determine clinician adherence to protocol recommendations. Members of the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Emergency Medicine were asked to complete an online, interactive, case-based questionnaire. Infants ...
Broomfield A - - 2010
Basal ganglia lesions are a well reported feature of acute decompensation in propionic acidemia; however, their underlying causation still needs to be fully elucidated. We report an 8-month-old infant whose lesions had almost completely resolved radiologically within 3 weeks of initial presentation without specific metabolic management and in light of ...
Naidoo Saloshni - - 2011
This study examined associations of demographics and occupational factors with spontaneous miscarriages and infant deaths among women working in agriculture in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. This cross-sectional study in 2006 described and compared reproductive outcomes among 911 women working in agriculture in two distinct areas (ie, the irrigation scheme and drylands) ...
Nizalova Olena Y - - 2010
This paper exploits a unique opportunity to evaluate the impact of the quality change in the labor and delivery services brought about by the Mother and Infant Health Project in Ukraine. Employing program evaluation methods, we find that the administrative units participating in the Project have exhibited greater improvements in ...
Qadir Maqbool - - 2010
Osteomyelitis in newborn infants is a rare infection. Lower extremity joints are commonly affected. Most of the cases have a haematogenous spread. Aerobes are the common group of organism involved, of which Staphylococcus aureus is the commonest. Klebsiella osteomyelitis has been reported as a cause of Osteomyelitis. However, to the ...
Pavone Lorenzo - - 2010
Acquired primary hypothyroidism in neonates and infants under 3 years of age is very rare. Herein we report the case of an infant female affected by acquired autoimmune hypothyroidism. The infant was transferred to the Pediatric Clinic, University of Catania, Italy for evaluation of dysmorphic features, growth and motor retardation, ...
Wang Wei - - 2010
Premature delivery occurs in 12% of all births, accounts for nearly half of neonatal morbidity and is increasing in frequency. Current therapeutic approaches to preterm delivery are ineffective and present serious risks to both the mother and fetus. Although there are multiple factors that contribute to the etiology of preterm ...
Burke Carol - - 2010
Although the focus at delivery may naturally shift to infant transition, continued maternal vigilance during stage 3 is imperative to accomplish a safe outcome for the mother and her newborn. The third stage of labor is a normal physiological progression of birth that may be compounded by serious complications. The ...
Sorensen Bjarke Lund - - 2010
To evaluate the management of prolonged labor and neonatal care before and after Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics (ALSO) training. Staff involved in childbirth at Kagera Regional Hospital, Tanzania, attended a 2-day ALSO provider course. In this prospective intervention study conducted between July and November 2008, the management and outcomes ...
Weisman Omri - - 2010
Postpartum negative mood interferes with maternal-infant bonding and carries long-term negative consequences for infant growth. We examined the effects of birth-related risks on mother's postpartum anxiety and depression. A community cohort of 1,844 low-risk women who delivered a singleton term baby completed measures assessing delivery, emotions during labor, attitudes toward ...
Suzuki Ritsuko - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare Japanese nulliparous labor progression with Friedman's classic 1955 curve and Zhang's 2002 curve. STUDY DESIGN: We developed a labor curve using retrospective record reviews of 2369 Japanese nulliparas, at term, spontaneous labor onset and singleton vertex deliveries of normal birth weight infants. RESULTS: The new ...
Derbent Aysel - - 2011
To determine whether timing or type of delivery affects the incidence of transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) in late preterm and term pregnancies. The cases of 85 newborns delivered at Fatih University Hospital and diagnosed with TTN between January 2006 and March 2009 were reviewed. For every newborn with ...
Mallory Jill - - 2010
There are many options for natural and preventative therapies during pregnancy and childbirth, which may aid in minimizing the use of pharmaceuticals and invasive procedures. Patients may seek these out, and it is important for physicians to have some basic knowledge to guide their choices. Of all therapies, the most ...
Tutdibi Erol - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the effect of labor on the risk and course of transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) in term neonates from a contemporary, population-based cohort. METHODS: We analyzed perinatal characteristics of term singleton newborns (gestational age [GA] of > or =37 completed weeks) who were ...
Sayres William G WG - - 2010
Preventing preterm delivery remains one of the great challenges in modern medicine. Preterm birth rates continue to increase and accounted for 12.7 percent of all U.S. births in 2005. The etiology of preterm delivery is unclear, but is likely to be complex and influenced by genetics and environmental factors. Women ...
Simpson Kathleen Rice - - 2010
Elective induction of labor is at an all-time high in the United States despite known associated risks. It can lead to birth of an infant too early, a long labor, exposure to a high-alert medication with its potential side effects, unnecessary cesarean birth, and maternal and neonatal morbidity. There is ...
Berglund Sophie - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To identify maternal, pregnancy, delivery and infants characteristics related to neonatal asphyxia and associated with substandard care. DESIGN AND SETTING: A nation-wide case-control study in Sweden. POPULATION: Infants born between 1990 and 2005 with a gestational age > or = 33 weeks and a spontaneous or induced onset of ...
Penfold Suzanne - - 2010
Despite recent improvements in child survival in sub-Saharan Africa, neonatal mortality rates remain largely unchanged. This study aimed to determine the frequency of delivery and newborn-care practices in southern Tanzania, where neonatal mortality is higher than the national average. All households in five districts of Southern Tanzania were approached to ...
Mazaki-Tovi Shali - - 2009
Intra-amniotic and systemic infection/inflammation have been causally linked to preterm parturition and fetal injury. An emerging theme is that adipose tissue can orchestrate a metabolic response to insults, but also an inflammatory response via the production of adipocytokines, and that these two phenomenons are interrelated. Adiponectin, an insulin-sensitising, anti-inflammatory adipocytokine, ...
Stella Caroline L - - 2009
The aim of this study was to identify changes in protein expression in normal pregnancy compared with preterm labor by using 3 proteomic methods. Serum was collected from 25 nonpregnant (n = 5) and pregnant women at 24-40 weeks' gestation (n = 20) who had preterm labor resulting in preterm ...
Winovitch Kim C - - 2009
We evaluated acute neonatal morbidities in the delivery room associated with primary cesarean performed prior to labor and in the first or second stages of labor. A retrospective cohort study was conducted on subjects undergoing term, primary cesareans at the Women's Pavilion, Miller Children's Hospital in Long Beach, California from ...
Grundy Sophie A - - 2009
A male Labrador Retriever neonate presented for evaluation 8 hours after birth because of the onset of generalized seizure activity. The neonate was one of 8 puppies delivered over a 19-hour period to a 4-year-old female Labrador Retriever at an assistance dog breeding colony. Uterine and fetal heart monitoring were ...
Suzuki Shunji - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We examined the obstetric outcomes of low-risk labors at the 'Japanese tatami' mat compared with Western-style delivery room. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on 201 deliveries at the 'Japanese tatami' delivery room and 360 deliveries at the standard Western-style delivery room. RESULTS: There were no measurable differences ...
Oden Madeline - - 2009
The off-label use of Cytotec (misoprostol) to induce labor has increased over the past few decades. The increase in medical interventions in childbirth, many of which are not based on scientific evidence, and the rise in maternal and infant morbidity and in maternal and infant mortality cannot continue to go ...
Chan Ben Chong-Pun - - 2009
AIM: To examine the maternal and neonatal characteristics related to labor outcome following induction for prelabor rupture of membranes (PROM) after 37 weeks' gestation. METHOD: All singleton pregnancies delivered following spontaneous or induced labor after 37 weeks in four years were analyzed. Patients with labor induction for PROM comprised the ...
Uvuz Firdevs - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Premature labor is still the leading cause of infant mortality and morbidity worldwide. Multiple etiological factors including genetics and environment are held responsible for preterm birth. However, scientific data regarding the link between premature birth and genetics are limited. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this study, we included 50 women ...
Stager Leslie - - 2010
For many women, the essential ingredients for a safe and satisfying birth include a sense of empowerment and success in coping with or transcending the experience, in addition to having solid, positive encouragement from a support companion. The massage practitioner can enhance these ingredients by adding knowledgeable, caring touch which ...
Usui Rie - - 2009
AIMS: To identify risk factors for a short interval to birth in women with preterm labor, and to construct a statistical model to predict birth within seven days from the diagnosis of preterm labor at 22-35 weeks of gestation. METHODS: Vaginal flora was obtained from 126 singleton pregnant women hospitalized ...
Fox Nathan S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to estimate practice patterns regarding bed rest in women with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) and arrested preterm labor. STUDY DESIGN: This was a mail-based survey of all Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine members in the United States asking whether they would recommend ...
Lovold Ann - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Increased availability of oxytocin and misoprostol is needed to reduce the risk of postpartum hemorrhage. This review compiles rates and risks of adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes associated with use of these medications for labor induction and augmentation in low-income countries. Recommendations are proposed based on the findings. METHODS: ...
Dubicke A - - 2008
The aims of the present study were to compare the levels of mRNA and protein expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, -3, -8 and -9 in human cervical tissue in preterm and term labor as well as not in labor and to determine if corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) has an effect on ...
Wing Deborah A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine phase III study design using the phase II data for a proprietary controlled-release misoprostol vaginal insert for cervical ripening and labor induction. METHODS: The reported experiences in 2 phase II trials involving induction of labor in 168 women are discussed. RESULTS: Combining data from 2 phase II ...
Patterson Dale A - - 2008
Vaginal delivery is a natural process that usually does not require significant medical intervention. Management guided by current knowledge of the relevant screening tests and normal labor process can greatly increase the probability of an uncomplicated delivery and postpartum course. All women should be screened for group B streptococcus; women ...
Gotsch Francesca - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The anti-inflammatory limb of the immune response is crucial for dampening inflammation. Spontaneous parturition at term and preterm labor (PTL) are mediated by inflammation in the cervix, membranes, and myometrium. This study focuses on the changes in the amniotic fluid concentrations of the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)- 10. The ...
Fox Nathan S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate maternal-fetal medicine specialists' practice patterns and perceived risks and benefits to tocolysis. METHODS: We performed a mail-based survey of all Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) members in the United States. Subjects were asked whether they would recommend tocolysis and what would be their first-line tocolytic in five ...
Chaiworapongsa Tinnakorn - - 2008
Heat shock protein (HSP) 70, a conserved member of the stress protein family, is produced in almost all cell types in response to a wide range of stressful stimuli, and its production has a survival value. Evidence suggests that extracellular HSP70 is involved in the activation of the innate and ...
Maslovitz Sharon - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcome of induced deliveries with IUGR. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed the computerized files of parturients who underwent inducted labor because of IUGR (<5th percentile). Outcome assessment included mode of delivery, indication for CS, NICU admissions and 5 min Apgar score. We compared these parameters to a ...
Fadler Kara M - - 2008
Sacrococcygeal teratomas (SCTs) are the most common germinal cell neoplasms of the fetus and neonate. They originate during embryonic development when the primitive streak fails to differentiate among mesodermal, ectodermal, and endodermal tissues in the embryonic disc. This article discusses the fetal pathophysiology of SCTs and the impact of the ...
Kikkawa Masashi - - 2008
We report on three pregnant women with ritodrine-induced neutropenia who were successfully treated with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF). The neutropenia occurred after continuous intravenous infusion of ritodrine for preterm labor. Ritodrine was discontinued and G-CSF was administered. Neutrophil counts returned to normal an average of 4.3 days after the administration. ...
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