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Results 351 - 400 of 660
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Whitelaw A - - 2000
Objectives were to identify and to evaluate controlled trials of interventions for term infants developing hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy. Five randomized trials concerning prophylactic anticonvulsant therapy for neonatal HIE were identified. There were methodological problems with all of them, and meta-analysis of barbiturate prophylaxis showed no significant effect on death or disability. ...
Thackeray A I - - 2000
Renewed excavations at Die Kelders Cave 1 on the southern South African coast have uncovered large collections of Middle Stone Age (MSA) stone artefacts and coloring materials, but not bone or shell artefacts. High percentages of silcrete artefacts in one of the lower layers are confirmed, but there is no ...
Jørgensen B - - 2000
The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between different leg weakness symptoms and osteochondrosis/osteoarthrosis and claw disorders in sows together with the influence of age on these findings. One hundred and seventeen sows in one herd were followed from 6 months of age until culling and judged ...
Katz A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have documented an increased incidence of cardiac mortality and sudden death during winter months. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate seasonal variation in sudden death in a hot climate such as the desert region of southern Israel. METHODS: We analyzed the files of 243 consecutive patients treated for out-of-hospital sudden ...
Leier C V - - 2000
Congestive heart failure (CHF), one of the few cardiovascular conditions increasing in incidence and prevalence, is characterized by high morbidity and mortality. Up to 50% of the mortality is attributable to dysrhythmic sudden death. Risk stratification to identify those most susceptible to sudden death remains imperfect. The advances in CHF ...
Edston E - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Increased concentrations of mast cell tryptase in post mortem blood have frequently been observed in sudden infant deaths but the cause of this has not yet been clarified. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate factors (immunological, morphological and anamnestic data) behind the observed increase in mast cell tryptase in ...
Yodh J G - - 1999
Atomic force microscopy was used to determine the population distributions in reconstituted, subsaturated 208-12 nucleosomal arrays. The features found in these distributions vary with the average nucleosome loading per template molecule (n(av)): at n(av) < 4, the distributions show a single peak whose breadth is equal to that expected for ...
Modell J H - - 1999
It has been reported that 10-15% of drowning victims do not aspirate water. We have revisited the original studies quoted to reach this conclusion and find it is without foundation. Sudden cardiac standstill is known to occur on land and, therefore, may also occur when the victim is in water. ...
Keiper G L GL - - 1999
The association between sudden death and cervicomedullary compression in infants with achondroplasia has been well described. Prospective clinical and imaging evaluations have been recommended to identify those infants with achondroplasia who are at risk of dying suddenly from respiratory arrest secondary to unrecognized cervicomedullary compression. Since 1988, we have prospectively ...
Büttner A - - 1999
In order to investigate the incidence and implications of sudden natural death at the wheel, a retrospective study was carried out over a 15-year time period ranging from 1982 until 1996. During this time period 147 drivers of motor vehicles were found out of 34,554 cases examined at the Institute ...
Zhu G Z - - 1999
The ADAM (A Disintegrin And Metalloprotease) family is known to have important roles in various developmental systems, e.g., myogenesis and neurogenesis. In this study, we searched for ADAMs that may function in spermatogenesis or fertilization, and have cloned and sequenced four new mouse ADAM cDNAs: ADAM 24, ADAM 25, ADAM ...
Futterman L G - - 1999
Commotio cordis due to blunt trauma to the precordium is a rare cause of death in young athletes, occurring less frequently than all of the other athletics-related deaths. Several measures, such as the use of safety baseballs and the use of chest protectors, can help protect young athletes from commotio ...
Starc T J - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: A high incidence of sudden, unexplained deaths in infants born to HIV-infected mothers has been noted in several epidemiologic studies. During the course of a prospective study of heart and lung disease in children born to HIV-infected mothers, we noted that of 5 unexpected non-HIV-related deaths, 4 were attributed ...
Winston F K - - 1999
To document the effects of sudden economic change on death rates for occupants of cars in the former German Democratic Republic (East Germany). Ecological time series study of East Germany in comparison with the former Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) before and after reunification in 1990. East and West ...
Kaptanoglu M - - 1999
A turban is a kind of headcover, worn for religious intentions. In Islamic countries, girls start to wear a turban with the onset of puberty. Turban pins (headscarf needles) are used for attaching the layers of turban to each other in order to keep it in a steady position around ...
Young M C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of sport-related sudden cardiac death due to ischaemic heart disease (IHD) in competitive young Aboriginal sportsmen. SETTING: Northern Territory (NT), 1982-1996. DESIGN: Retrospective case series with cases identified from Australian Bureau of Statistics cause-of-death listings and NT coronial autopsy records. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Circumstances and ...
O'Connor R P - - 1999
Pc1s (continuous pulsations) within the geomagnetic field, whose durations are about 30 minutes but which can reoccur several times nightly, are observed during periods when global geomagnetic activity is very low (less than 10 nT). The hypothesis that these 0.2 to 5 Hz synchronized micropulsations or hydromagnetic emissions might stimulate ...
Ottaviani G - - 1999
A 6-month-old female infant considered to be in good health died suddenly and unexpectedly. Post-mortem examination was requested, with clinical diagnosis of sudden infant death syndrome. Gross examination revealed, however, the presence of a cardiac mass 4.5 X 4 x 3.5 cm in diameter. Histological examination of the heart confirmed ...
Neis P - - 1999
Strontium90 (Sr90) is an artificial nuclear fission product of the atmospheric a-bomb testing between 1945 and 1979. It was spread throughout the atmosphere in the following years. Sr90 is an analogue to calcium and therefore enriched in human bones. Several studies especially in the 1960s and 1970s were undertaken to ...
Kavantzas N - - 1999
The authors report 12 cases of chronic pneumonitis of infancy (CPI) studied retrospectively, on autopsy specimens. CPI is a new form of interstitial pneumonia, occurring exclusively is young infants and first described in 1995. Histologically, CPI is characterized by diffuse thickening with hypercellularity of the alveolar septa, associated with hyperplasia ...
Matturri L - - 1999
Herein, we report the case of a 4-month-old male infant dying suddenly and unexpectedly. Post mortem examination was requested with clinical diagnosis of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Histological examination showed instead the presence of an hemangioendothelioma located in the medulla oblongata. Sudden unexpected death is the commonest form of ...
Shiino A - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Several investigations have detected evidence of apoptosis in delayed neuronal death, but controversy prevails regarding this point. Recent studies have implicated mitochondria in apoptotic events. To explore relationships between delayed neuronal death and dysfunction of the respiratory chain, we analyzed mitochondrial redox changes in the gerbil hippocampus. ...
Ficker D M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine the population-based incidence of sudden unexplained death in epilepsy (SUDEP) and to determine the risk of SUDEP compared with the general population. BACKGROUND: Prior studies of SUDEP have described a wide range of incidence and have suffered from selection bias and other methodologic limitations. A population-based study ...
Watanabe T - - 1998
The high frequency components contained in the QRS complex (HF-QRS) are a powerful indicator for the risk of sudden cardiac death. However, it is controversial whether conduction delay increases or decreases the HF-QRS. In 21 anesthetized, open-chest dogs, the right atrium was constantly paced. A cannula was inserted into the ...
Koch L E - - 1998
The aim of this study was to investigate vegetative reactions in infants after mechanical irritation of the suboccipital region. The investigation is based on 199 infants who were observed while being treated with a suboccipital impulse (manual therapy). The results revealed vegetative reactions in more than half of all cases ...
Osawa M - - 1998
To assess their incidence and implications, we made a retrospective study of sudden unexpected natural deaths during driving that occurred in the five year-period between 1992 and 1997. During that period, 188 postmortem examinations were performed on driver victims of traffic accidents. Of these, 15 (8%) were found to have ...
Chan T C - - 1998
The use of the hogtie restraint (also known as hobble or prone maximal restraint) by law enforcement and prehospital personnel has come under scrutiny because of reports of sudden deaths in persons placed in this restraint position. Some contend that this body position restricts chest and abdominal movement to the ...
Sadler D W - - 1998
AIMS: To review the diagnostic value of using a thorough necropsy protocol for the investigation of sudden infant deaths, with particular emphasis on the value of routine ancillary laboratory investigations. METHODS: The necropsy and related records of all neonatal, infant, and young childhood deaths (under three years) referred for medicolegal ...
Corrado D - - 1998
BACKGROUND: For more than 20 years in Italy, young athletes have been screened before participating in competitive sports. We assessed whether this strategy results in the prevention of sudden death from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a common cardiovascular cause of death in young athletes. METHODS: We prospectively studied sudden deaths among athletes ...
O'Connor F G - - 1998
Nontraumatic sudden death in young athletes is always disturbing, as apparently invincible athletes, become, without warning, victims of silent heart disease. Despite public perception to the contrary, sudden death in young athletes is exceedingly rare. It most commonly occurs in male athletes, who have estimated death rates nearly fivefold greater ...
Park J K - - 1998
Symptomatic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is rare in infants. Therapeutic options are limited and include beta-blocker or calcium-channel blocker therapy or surgical myotomy/myectomy. Atrioventricular sequential pacing has been utilized as an alternative to surgery in symptomatic adults with HCM. We report our results with transvenous dual chamber pacing in an infant ...
Lewis C J - - 1998
Clostridium sordellii was isolated from 37 sheep, in 29 flocks, which died suddenly between 1993 and 1995. The sheep were of all ages, but the most severe gross lesions affected lambs four to 10 weeks of age. In older weaned lambs and ewes the gross changes were less marked and ...
Hansen D - - 1998
The present report describes a case of cardiac arrest and subsequent death as a result of hyperkalaemia following the use of suxamethonium in a 23-year-old Malawian woman. Five days after the onset of the symptoms of meningitis, the patient aspirated stomach contents and needed endotracheal intubation. Forty seconds after injection ...
Wijesinghe L D - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The Physiological and Operative Severity Score for enUmeration of Mortality and morbidity (POSSUM) scoring system has been proposed as an accurate predictor of death which takes account of case mix. It appears to overpredict death, and may have drawbacks which prevent accurate individual or subgroup analysis. An alternative system, ...
Roach P J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Gallium-67 (Ga-67) is widely used in the assessment of patients with lymphoma. Although highly sensitive in Hodgkin's disease and high grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), its sensitivity is reported to be reduced in lower grades of NHL. Several series have suggested that thallium-201 (Tl-201) may be more useful than Ga-67 ...
Annegers J F - - 1998
PURPOSE: To determine rates of all-cause mortality and of sudden, unexpected, unexplained deaths in epilepsy (SUDEP) in a cohort of individuals treated with the Neuro Cybernetic Prosthesis (NCP) System for intractable epilepsy, and; to contrast the NCP experience with other epilepsy cohorts. METHODS: A cohort of 791 individuals were followed ...
Glock R D - - 1998
Sudden deaths or the sudden death syndrome are perceived as major concerns in cattle feedlots because most of these deaths occur in cattle near market weight. Etiology and preventive measures are poorly defined. The current literature indicates that sudden deaths are associated most commonly with digestive upsets. Death is thought ...
Roepke D C - - 1998
Increased death loss was seen in a flock of 22-wk-old tom turkeys. The predominant postmortem lesion was fibrinopurulent pneumonia and pleuritis. Within 5 wk, turkey flocks on 17 other farms developed similar problems. All affected flocks during the 5-wk period were between 14 and 22 wk of age, and the ...
Ye Z H - - 1997
Caffeoyl coenzyme A 3-O-methyltransferase (CCoAOMT) was previously shown to be associated with lignification in both in vitro tracheary elements (TEs) and organs of zinnia (Zinnia elegans). However, it is not known whether this is a general pattern in dicot plants. To address this question, polyclonal antibodies against zinnia recombinant CCoAOMT ...
Müller E - - 1997
The concentration of thyreoglobulin (tg) was determined for death caused by hanging, strangulation by ligature, and throttling. Cases of sudden death (traumatic aortic rupture, penetrating wounds of the heart) were used for comparison. The mean values in cases of hanging (149.9 +/- 202.3 ng/ml), strangulation by ligature (193.1 +/- 173.3), ...
Nadesan K - - 1997
Sudden maternal death from amniotic fluid embolism is a rare but serious complication which usually occurs during late pregnancy, often during labour or shortly after, with more than 80% mortality. Such a death causes immense stress to both the relatives and the attending doctors as it is sudden and unexpected. ...
Grzeszczuk J - - 1997
In persons with anti-Lewis antibodies, erythrocyte agglutination might take place during breathing of odors from secretors of Lewis antigens. The agglutinates occlude capillary vessels, increasing resistance to blood flow. This might lead to the sudden death of adults, sudden infant death syndrome or to diseases accompanied by tissue ischemia, such ...
Blackwell P G - - 1997
The choices made by juveniles, in territorial species, between dispersing and remaining in the natal territory, can be modelled as a simple multi-player evolutionary game, related to the well-known War of Attrition [Maynard Smith, J. (1974) J. theor. Biol. 47, 209-221; Haigh J. & Cannings, C. (1989) Acta Applicandae Mathematicae ...
Nashef L - - 1997
Summary: Inconsistent and inaccurate death certification, lack of agreed definitions, different terminology, and different understanding of the same terminology hamper research into mortality in epilepsy and result in national statistics that are difficult to interpret. A consensus in death certification and in classification of epilepsy-related deaths, including sudden unexpected death ...
Hayashi S - - 1997
To examine the relationship between overwork and the occurrence of sudden death, the relation between occupation and seasonal variation in sudden death was studied. A total of 8481 cases of sudden death (among subjects aged over 24 years) were selected from all deaths between 1984 and 1986 in the Niigata ...
van der Burg S H - - 1997
A small group of HIV-1-infected subjects who either do not progress to AIDS or progress only slowly have sustained HIV-1-specific CTL responses. It has been suggested that the specificities of these responses differ from the CTL responses of rapid progressors due to recognition of epitopes that are under structural or ...
Torp-Pedersen C - - 1997
Since all death is (eventually) sudden and associated with cardiac arrhythmias, the concept of sudden death is only meaningful if it is unexpected, while arrhythmic death is only meaningful if life could have continued had the arrhythmia been prevented or treated. Current classifications of death as being arrhythmic or sudden ...
Fossa P - - 1997
The synthesis of 6-substituted 5-acyl-1,2-dihydro-2-oxo-3-pyridinecarbonitriles 1b,c, 1,2,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-2,5-dioxo-3-quinolinecarbonitriles 1d-g and esters of 5-cyano-1,6-dihydro-2-methyl-6-oxo-3-pyridinecarboxylic acid 2b-e is described. In the case of 1e and 1f, a careful elucidation of the reaction mechanism is discussed. As milrinone analogues, the above compounds were tested on contractile activity and frequency rate of spontaneously beating atria ...
Weninger W J - - 1997
The cavernous sinus is traditionally described as a single anatomical compartment that contains cranial nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue. A detailed analysis of 45 infant and 4 fetal parasellar regions shows that this view must be modified. The spatial arrangement, the topographic relations, and the expansion of the adipose ...
Tong S - - 1997
The effects of partial autonomic denervation of the heart rate and Q--T interval were examined during maturation in swine. Four groups of newborns were prepared: right stellate ganglionectomy (RSG), left stellate ganglionectomy (LSG), right cardiac vagotomy (RCV) and sham-operated. Swine were studied postsurgically for eight weeks. Unexpected deaths of unknown ...
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