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Results 301 - 350 of 660
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Valdés-Dapena Marie - - 2002
Although sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a cause for sudden infant death, other causes should be ruled out before diagnosing SIDS. Cardiac causes for sudden infant death include viral myocarditis, congential heart disease particularly congential aortic stenosis, endocardial fibroelastosis, and anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the ...
Muñoz Barús José I - - 2002
Many formulae are available to estimate the relation between the potassium ([K+]) and hypoxantine ([Hx]) concentration in the vitreous humour and the postmortem interval (PMI). Typically these have been based on a correlation test and linear regression using the postmortal interval as the independent variable and [K+] or [Hx] as ...
Basnyat Buddha - - 2002
A 35-year-old man on a trek to the Mount Everest region of Nepal presented with a sudden, acute confusional state at an altitude of about 5000 m. Although described at higher altitudes, delirium presenting alone has not been documented at 5000 m or at lower high altitudes. The differential diagnosis ...
Nakashima Tadashi - - 2002
It is well established that laryngeal secretions, produced in the glandular tissue, contribute to the local defence system of the larynx. In this study, the distribution of glandular tissues in the subglottic and supraglottic larynx was examined in 55 infants, using an image analysing system. The average area of the ...
Black M - - 2002
Sudden unexplained deaths as a result of intracranial lesions in adults are an important component of medicolegal practice and are best examined as a combined effort by a forensic pathologist, or a histopathologist experienced in coroner's necropsies, and a neuropathologist. Analysis of case material on file in the University of ...
Maia H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether or not the presence of c-erbB2 over-expression in endometrial polyps affects the percentage of cells positive for Ki-67 proliferation marker. METHODS: Thirty-five patients with endometrial polyps were submitted to polypectomy by hysteroscopy. Ki-67 and c-erbB2 over-expression were investigated in the polyps by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The presence ...
Callow N - - 2001
A multiple-baseline across-participants design was used to examine the effects of a Motivational General-Mastery imagery intervention on the sport confidence of 4 high-leveljunior badminton players. Sport confidence data were collected once a week for 21 weeks prior to international and county matches. The imagery intervention consisted of six imagery sessions ...
Benjamin M - - 2001
The 2 major categories of idiopathic inflammatory arthritis are rheumatoid arthritis and the seronegative spondyloarthropathies. Whilst the synovium is the primary site of joint disease in the former, the primary site in the latter is less well defined. However, it has recently been proposed that enthesitis-associated changes in the spondyloarthropathies ...
Kron J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and predictors of microemboli on transcranial Doppler (TCD) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: One hundred sixty-seven patients with SLE underwent TCD testing. RESULTS. Fifteen of 153 patients (9.8%) who successfully underwent TCD testing had microembolic events. Predictors of TCD microemboli included valve ...
Wedekind H - - 2001
Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS), a cardiac ion channel disease, is an important cause of sudden cardiac death. Prolongation of the QT interval has recently been associated with sudden infant death syndrome, which is the leading cause of death among infants between 1 week and 1 year of age. Available ...
Auerbach J G - - 2001
This study examined the association between two common polymorphisms, the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene and the serotonin transporter promoter (5-HTTLPR) gene and temperament in 61 infants aged 12 months. Twenty-two infants had a least one copy of the 6-8 repeat DRD4 alleles (L-DRD4) and 39 had two copies of ...
Whybourne A - - 2001
A 16-week-old boy was found moribund in his crib. At autopsy widespread infiltration of multiple organs by lymphoblastic leukaemia (pre-B cell type) was found. Death was attributed to extensive myocardial infiltration by leukaemic cells. There was no associated intracranial haemorrhage. Home video footage taken on the day before death revealed ...
Yano S - - 2001
Macrocephaly-cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita (M-CMTC) constitutes a distinct entity characterized by prenatal overgrowth, macrosomia, hemihypertrophy, macrocephaly, nonobstructive hydrocephaly, frontal bossing, hypotonia, developmental delay, generalized or facial capillary malformation with upper philtral nevus flammeus and cutis marmorata, joint hypermobility, loose skin, toe syndactyly, and postaxial polydactyly. All but one of the ...
Carr D - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: This study examined if older adults' psychological adjustment to widowhood varies based on whether the death was sudden or anticipated and if these effects are mediated by death context characteristics (e.g., predeath caregiving, nursing home use, spouse's age at death, and couple's communication about the death). METHODS: The effects ...
Zhou H - - 2001
The origin and histology of the cardiac mucosa remains controversial. The classical concept that the cardiac mucosa is of gastric origin has been challenged by those who advocate that the cardiac mucosa results from a metaplastic esophageal process. Some regard cardiac mucosa as consisting solely of pure mucous glands, whereas ...
Breningstall G N - - 2001
Mortality in pediatric epilepsy is the subject of this review. Epilepsy in both adults and children increases the risk of premature death. Conditions that are comorbid with epilepsy may carry an increased mortality risk. Patients with neurologic compromise may be at risk for aspiration and critical respiratory disease. Epilepsy per ...
Jeffcoate W - - 2001
The unexpected death of Ferdinando Stanley, 5th Earl of Derby, on April 16, 1594 was an event of major political importance in the later years of Queen Elizabeth I of England. When he had succeeded his father at the age of 38 he became head of one of the most ...
Arntz H R - - 2001
Sudden cardiac death is the leading cause of death in industrialized countries, accounting for 10 to 20% of total mortality. Several studies have demonstrated a circadian variation of sudden death with a primary peak in the morning hours after awakening and a secondary peak in the late afternoon. Weekly and ...
Reynolds K K - - 2001
Virtually all infants with achondroplasia exhibit variably severe hypotonia in infancy. This hypotonia contributes to delays in motor development and risks for sudden death. Some have proposed that this hypotonia is a direct result of impaired function of long tracts of the spinal cord, secondary to the intrinsic narrowing of ...
Dettmeyer R - - 2001
A 7-month-old boy was found lifeless in his bed by his grandfather. Near the mouth there were some blood and chyme on the bedlinen. His mother reported a chill during the last 8 days. Autopsy revealed multiple petechia under the capsule of the thymus, subepicardially and subpleurally, the cause of ...
Persinger M A - - 2001
If geomagnetic-mediated stimuli trigger many sudden infant deaths, then the days in which they and hospital admissions for cardiac arrhythmias for adults occur should share a similar source of variance. Factor analyses of the days in which a sudden infant death occurred in Ontario or adults were admitted for one ...
Schmitt H - - 2001
The aim of this study was to determine long term changes in shoulder and elbow joints of former elite javelin throwers. Twenty-one elite javelin throwers were examined at an average of 19 years after the end of their high performance phase. Mean age at examination was 50 years. Functional assessment ...
Safer M A - - 2001
At 6 months following the death of their spouse, 37 participants reported their grief-related symptoms and thoughts, and then, approximately 4.5 years later, they attempted to recall how they felt at the time of the 6-month report. Although participants were far less distressed at recall than initially, they recalled their ...
Zaugg M - - 2001
We tested whether exposure to anabolic-androgenic steroids (AASs) would induce apoptosis in adult rat ventricular myocytes in vitro. Myocytes were exposed to stanozolol (STZ), testosterone enanthate (TE) and testosterone (T) (0.1 micromol/L, 1 micromol/L, 10 micromol/L, and 100 micromol/L) for 20 h. The percentage of myocytes undergoing apoptosis was determined ...
- - 2001
On July 17, 2000, a previously healthy 22-year-old U.S. student collapsed and died suddenly while leading a teenage exchange group in West Africa. This report summarizes the results of the investigations of this incident, which implicate use of halofantrine for treatment of malaria as the cause of death. Travelers should ...
Antoniuk S A - - 2001
Sudden unexpected, unexplained death in epilepsy (SUDEP) has been reported to be responsible for 2 to 17% of all deaths in patients with epilepsy. This study was conducted to determine the circumstances of SUDEP and the autopsy findings in these patients. Fifty-three individuals whose cause of death was related to ...
Frøen J F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The epidemiologic characteristics of unexplained stillbirths are largely unknown or unreliable. We define sudden intrauterine unexplained death as a death that occurs antepartum and results in a stillbirth for which there is no explanation despite postmortem examinations, and we present risk factors for this type of stillbirth in singleton ...
Hawks J - - 2001
The Mezmaiskaya cave mtDNA is similar in many ways to the Feldhofer cave Neandertal sequence and the more recently obtained Vindija cave sequence. If we accept the contention that the Mezmaiskaya cave specimen is a Neandertal infant, its mtDNA provides no new information about the fate of the European Neandertals. ...
Racoosin J A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Pooled data from New Drug Applications (NDAs) submitted to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) provide an opportunity to study the incidence of and risk factors for rare events. OBJECTIVE: To examine the incidence and causes of mortality in patients with epilepsy participating in clinical trials of antiepileptic ...
Maron B J - - 2001
In a consecutive, prospectively assessed and unselected hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) cohort closely resembling the true disease state, QTc dispersion (and QTc) on the 12-lead electrocardiogram did not prove to be a reliable predictor of HC-related sudden death. Therefore, QT dispersion would not appear to be useful in devising future risk ...
Nakane M - - 2000
Ceramide, a hydrolyzed product of sphingomyelin, is reported to play an important role in apoptosis. In this study, we measured the sphingomyelin and ceramide levels in the hippocampus of the gerbil after transient forebrain ischemia for 5 min (lethal) or 2 min (sublethal). The aim was to examine alterations in ...
Frane S L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Acquired nonaccommodative esotropia describes the sudden onset of a constant, comitant strabismus of idiopathic origin in children >6 months of age. CASE REPORT: We present a case of acquired nonaccommodative esotropia at 20 months of age in a subject participating in the Berkeley Infant Biometry Study, a longitudinal study ...
Gerrard M B - - 2000
Approximately $6 billion is spent annually in the United States on the cleanup of sites regulated under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA, or Superfund). The current health risks posed by such sites are thought to be quite small; the expenditures are justified primarily as protecting hypothetical ...
Anzenbacher P P - - 2000
Lithiation and subsequent addition of an electrophile to meso-octamethylcalix[4]pyrrole provides a straightforward synthetic route to new, C-rim monosubstituted calix[4]pyrroles. A variety of electrophiles were used, resulting in calix[4]pyrroles with appended functional groups including carboxyl, ester, iodo, and formyl. This method was optimized to give maximum yields of the monosubstituted derivatives ...
Lee H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Auditory and vestibular symptoms and signs are common in patients with migraine, yet little is known about the pathogenesis of these symptoms and signs. OBJECTIVE: To perform clinicopathological correlation in a patient with migraine, sudden deafness, and delayed endolymphatic hydrops. METHODS: A patient with long-standing migraine with aura developed ...
Antonini G - - 2000
The authors prospectively studied the natural course of cardiac involvement and its relationship to cytosine-thymine-guanine (CTG) expansion in 50 patients with myotonic dystrophy who were submitted to periodic cardiovascular EKG and EKG-Holter monitoring during a median follow-up of 56 months. Nineteen patients (38%) developed major EKG changes. CTG length was ...
Lateef F - - 2000
Over the last few years, the recognised cardiovascular risks of sporting activities have been extended to include cardiac arrest resulting from low-energy precordial chest impact produced by projectiles (e.g. baseball) or bodily contact, in the young, healthy and active athlete [also known as commotio cordis (CC)]. However, case reports of ...
Vandenplas Y - - 2000
Sudden infant death, apparent life threatening events and regurgitation occur mostly during the first 6 months of life, making it very tempting to suspect a relation between these phenomena. According to epidemiological data, the role of gastro-oesophageal reflux in the aetiology of apparent life threatening events is unclear. It has ...
Sato Y - - 2000
To gather knowledge related to establishing criteria for selecting soft denture liners for individual patients, the effects of certain properties of soft denture liners on stress distribution were evaluated by two-dimensional finite element analysis. A partial mandibular edentulous ridge crest was modelled. Six combinations of thickness (mucosa: 1 or 2 ...
Mouchonière M - - 2000
Somatosensory evoked responses (SEP) in a turkey's brain were determined after water-bath stunning with a 150-mA (constant current) delivered with 50, 300 or 600 Hz, or with 75 mA, delivered with 50-Hz alternating current (AC) in order to evaluate the effectiveness of stunning. Ninety-four BUT 9 turkey hens 12 weeks ...
Domanski M J - - 2000
Data, largely from randomized, controlled trials, have clarified the role of the various treatment modalities in preventing sudden cardiac death. The therapeutic usefulness in sudden cardiac death prevention of antirarrhythmic and other drugs, and of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, is discussed. The relative effectiveness of the various modalities is also considered ...
Kazuma N - - 2000
We report the heart rate variability (HRV) of a child aged 11 years. Arrhythmia was the suspected cause of sudden death after 10 years of therapy for Kawasaki disease. The linear methods failed to show any features of the HRV that could have predicted the patient's sudden death, but the ...
McKee J R - - 2000
The medical records of residents of a facility for persons with mental retardation from January 1, 1978, through December 31, 1997, were analyzed to identify incidence of sudden unexpected death for groups of 180 individuals with and 125 without comorbid epilepsy. Eighty deaths were identified, with 55 occurring in the ...
Onuzo O C - - 2000
We report the case of an infant who was first seen with dilated cardiomyopathy at the age of 3 1/2 months and 2 months later, successfully underwent heterotopic cardiac transplantation in combination with partial left ventriculectomy. The benefits of combining both procedures in such a young infant particularly with regard ...
Modai I - - 2000
The risk of sudden death during clozapine treatment is controversial. The authors present a review of sudden deaths that occurred at Sha'ar Menashe Mental Health Center between January 1991 and August 1997. The number of cases of deceased inpatients was retrieved from the hospital's computerized database and divided into three ...
Zhu W - - 2000
The capillary electrophoretic separation of cationic enantiomers with single-isomer multivalent anionic resolving agents was reexamined with the help of the charged resolving agent migration model. Three general model parameters were identified that influence the shape of the separation selectivity and enantiomer mobility difference curves: parameter b, the binding selectivity (K(RCD)/K(SCD)), ...
Berul CI - - 2000
Neonatal sudden cardiac death most often results from cardiac electrical diseases, cardiomyopathies, or sudden infant death syndrome. In infants without a known premortem diagnosis or abnormalities identified at autopsy, sudden infant death syndrome accounts for the vast majority of sudden deaths. Potential cardiac causes of some sudden infant death syndrome ...
Annegers J F - - 2000
PURPOSE: This report concerns the 2-year extension of the study of mortality and sudden, unexpected, unexplained death in epilepsy (SUDEP) in the cohort of patients receiving vagal nerve stimulation by the NCP System for the treatment of epilepsy. METHODS: A cohort of 1,819 individuals was followed 3,176.3 person-years from implantation. ...
Meissner C - - 2000
A 7-month-old previously healthy female infant was found dead in her crib by her mother shortly after having been laid down to sleep following the noontime feeding. Because the child did not suffer from an acute illness and no other evidence pointed to a cause of death, it was initially ...
Wall A - - 2000
At least 40 chief executives have had their contracts terminated early in the past five years. Very few, if any, have gone through a disciplinary procedure. The most commonly stated reasons have been poor financial control and disagreements with chairs. This trend represents a considerable waste of talent. The experience ...
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