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Ottaviani Giulia - - 2004
Cot death is the commonest form of death among babies in the first year of life. The authors report the unusual case of a 2-month-old female infant dying suddenly and unexpectedly in whom a postmortem histological examination demonstrated a cardiac multifocal Purkinje cell tumor. Necroscopy studies of sudden infant death ...
van Vlimmeren Leo A - - 2004
Asymmetry in infancy is a diagnosis with a large spectrum of features, expressing an abnormal shape of parts of the body or unequal postures and movements. Symptoms may be structural and/or functional, with localised or generalised expression. Within the last decade, many professionals have focused on the adverse consequences on ...
Hafizur Rahman Md - - 2004
Type I DnaJs comprise one type of Hsp70 cochaperones. Previously, we showed that two type I DnaJ cochaperones, DjA1 (HSDJ/Hdj-2/Rdj-1/dj2) and DjA2 (cpr3/DNAJ3/Rdj-2/dj3), are important for mitochondrial protein import and luciferase refolding. Another type I DnaJ homolog, DjA4 (mmDjA4/dj4), is highly expressed in heart and testis, and the coexpression of ...
Pollanen Michael S - - 2004
A wide range of cultural and social perspectives exists on the concept of sudden and unexpected death. In countries, without a formal system of death investigation, sudden death is shrouded in mysticism often based on traditional belief systems. This cultural perspective on sudden death is often at variance with medical ...
Lavezzi Anna Maria - - 2004
The distribution of the somatostatin was studied by immunohistochemistry on serial sections of the 56 brain stems from subjects aged from 30 gestational weeks to 12 postnatal months, dying of both known and unknown causes. The unexplained deaths included 13 sudden intrauterine deaths, 4 sudden neonatal deaths and 24 sudden ...
Brugada Ramon - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death takes the lives of more than 300 000 Americans annually. Malignant ventricular arrhythmias occurring in individuals with structurally normal hearts account for a subgroup of these sudden deaths. The present study describes the genetic basis for a new clinical entity characterized by sudden death and short-QT ...
Geller Jeffrey - - 2003
A lack of information exists regarding predisposing factors to peroneus brevis tendon (PBT) tears. In 30 human cadaveric specimens, the location of the musculotendinous junction (MTJ) with respect to the fibula tip and peroneal tubercle was measured, as well as the tendon width. Degenerative longitudinal tears were found in 4 ...
Rapp Robert P - - 2003
The tectonic setting in which the first continental crust formed, and the extent to which modern processes of arc magmatism at convergent plate margins were operative on the early Earth, are matters of debate. Geochemical studies have shown that felsic rocks in both Archaean high-grade metamorphic ('grey gneiss') and low-grade ...
Burrell Judith H - - 2003
Right (RVFW) and left (LVFW) ventricular free wall cardiac myocytes were collected from 25 fetal sheep aged 77-146 days gestation (term = 150 days gestation), six saline-infused catheterized fetal sheep (129 GD), and five lambs to measure gestational changes in uni- and binucleated cardiac myocyte numbers and cell volumes by ...
Sheehan K M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Infant necropsies are important for identifying cause of death. Recently issued guidelines have recommended investigations to be performed following sudden unexpected death in infants. AIMS: To evaluate the quality and value of infant postmortem reporting. METHODS: Postmortem reports from 1994-1996 and 1998-2000 in Ireland were evaluated using the National ...
Sprott G D - - 2003
As part of a study to identify novel lipids with immune adjuvant activity, a structural comparison was made between the polar lipids from two halophiles, an archaeon Haloferax volcanii and a eubacterium Planococcus H8. H. volcanii polar lipid extracts consisted of 44% archaetidylglycerol methylphosphate, 35% archaetidylglycerol, 4.7% of archaeal cardiolipin, ...
Olsen E Øystein E - - 2004
Chronic pneumonitis of infancy (CPI) is a very rare entity. We report the chest radiography and high-resolution CT (HRCT) findings in an infant with histopathologically confirmed CPI. The child was admitted for intensive care 18 h after birth and died at 39 days of age. On HRCT there was diffuse ...
Ng'walali Paul M - - 2003
Intussusception, although a common cause of pediatric surgical emergencies, is a rarely fatal condition. A 7-month-old infant who was discovered in her cot was unresponsive and pronounced dead after 2 h of uneventful cardiopulmonary resuscitation in an emergency hospital. Forensic autopsy which was performed in order to clarify the circumstances ...
Chen Aimin - - 2003
Although dichlorodiphenyl trichloroethane (DDT) is being banned worldwide, countries in sub-Saharan Africa have sought exemptions for malaria control. Few studies show illness in children from the use of DDT, and the possibility of risks to them from DDT use has been minimized. However, plausible if inconclusive studies associate DDT with ...
- - 2003
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), or the death of an infant aged <1 year that remains unexplained after a thorough investigation, is the third most common cause of death among infants in the United States. Sudden, unexplained deaths also occur among children aged >/=1 year; however, the number of these ...
McCullough Michael E - - 2003
Narcissism is a set of traits that are motivated by the desire to establish and maintain a grandiose self-image. Consistent with this conceptualization, the authors hypothesized that narcissistic people perceive themselves to be the victims of other people's inter-personal transgressions more frequently than do less narcissistic people. In a 14-day ...
Schwarz Alfons M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Clinical observations suggest that negative affects such as helplessness/hopelessness (HE/HO) may induce autonomic duration; affects were assessed for every move after reconstruction of the games. In all games compiled, 18 situation of intense confidence/optimism and 20 of intense helplessness/hopelessness were observed. RESULTS: Intense affects of HE/HO were associated with ...
Fenton Kathleen N - - 2003
BACKGROUND: This retrospective review examines the risks and causes of death in infants with aortopulmonary shunts between the time of hospital discharge and planned reintervention. METHODS: From January 1991 through December 2000, a total of 146 infants aged 60 days or less underwent placement of systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunts and were ...
Kroth Jerry - - 2003
The investigators sought to examine correlations for 31 men and women, counseling graduate students and residents of the San Francisco Bay Area and their relation to the attacks on the USA on September 11, 2001. Empathy and traumatic dream reports have been examined in studies primarily on relations between therapists ...
Shinohara Akio - - 2003
A Rich variety of anatomical and physiological specializations has enabled members of the family Talpidae (moles, shrew moles, and desmans) to exploit a diverse range of habitats: terrestrial, semi-aquatic, aquatic/fossorial, semi-fossorial, and fossorial. While numerous morphological and biochemical studies pertaining to the origin and radiation of the Talpidae have been ...
Todd Richard B - - 2003
Fungal pathogenesis is frequently associated with dimorphism - morphological changes between yeast and filamentous forms. Penicillium marneffei, an opportunistic human pathogen, exhibits temperature-dependent dimorphism, with growth at 25 degrees C as filamentous multinucleate hyphae switching at 37 degrees C to uninucleate yeast cells associated with intracellular pathogenesis. The filamentous hyphae ...
Mahapatra A K - - 2003
Bilateral acute foot drop is reported in a 30-year-old healthy male. He presented with a 7-day history of sudden severe backache, radiating to both the lower limbs and 1-day history of sudden bilateral ankle weakness that progressed to bilateral foot drop within 6 hours. He also developed retention of urine. ...
Liu Yansui - - 2003
The farming and grazing interlocked transitional zone along the Great Wall in northern Shaanxi Province is particularly vulnerable to desertification due to its fragile ecosystem and intensive human activity. Studies reveal that desertification is both a natural and anthropogenic process. Four desertification indicators (vegetative cover, proportion of drifting sand area, ...
Meyzen Christine M - - 2003
The composition of mid-ocean-ridge basalt is known to correlate with attributes such as ridge topography and seismic velocity in the underlying mantle, and these correlations have been interpreted to reflect variations in the average extent and mean pressures of melting during mantle upwelling. In this respect, the eastern extremity of ...
Jayatilleke Irandi - - 2003
The most common cause of sudden cardiac death in individuals aged less than 35 years, including competitive athletes, is the inherited disorder hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Until recently, no therapeutic intervention had been identified to prevent sudden death in HCM. This case report highlights the role of the implantable cardioverter defibrillator ...
Kim S W - - 2003
AIMS: The objective of the present study was to investigate the influence of aeration rate and agitation intensity on the production of mycelial biomass and exopolysaccharide (EPS) in Paecilomyces sinclairii. METHODS AND RESULTS: The P. sinclairii was cultivated under various aeration and agitation conditions in a 5 l stirred-tank bioreactor. ...
Batton Daniel G - - 2003
The objective of this study is to contrast the clinical profile of premature infants who develop cystic periventricular leukomalacia (cPVL) following a severe hemodynamic event (anticipated) with infants whose cPVL is not preceded by such an event (unexpected). The study design is a Retrospective Cohort. The study setting is a ...
Davis Charles C - - 2002
A major tenet of African Tertiary biogeography posits that lowland rainforest dominated much of Africa in the late Cretaceous and was replaced by xeric vegetation as a response to continental uplift and consequent widespread aridification beginning in the late Paleogene. The aridification of Africa is thought to have been a ...
Wisten A - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To study the incidence, pathogenesis and symptoms preceding sudden cardiovascular death amongst 15-35-year olds without substance abuse in Sweden during 1992-99. DESIGN: This was a register study of a national database of forensic medicine, Rattsbase. Clinical details were obtained from forensic, police and medical records and from interviews with ...
Jain Sunila - - 2002
A 7-week-old infant with sudden onset adduction deficit and proptosis is reported. The main differential diagnoses included orbital myositis, orbital cellulitis, capillary haemangioma and rhabdomyosarcoma. A CT scan revealed a postseptal cellulitis-like picture with thickening of the medial rectus muscle. He was given a course of antibiotics, withholding steroids and ...
de Montmollin Dominique - - 2002
The International Committee of the Red Cross investigated an outbreak of beri-beri in a prison in West Africa. Twenty-five prisoners out of a total of 1020 died over a period of 11 weeks--exceeding the crude mortality rate of 1/10,000/day, a threshold for serious concern. Two hundred and eleven prisoners had ...
Jabbour Rebecca S - - 2002
The relationship between the mandibular condyle and the crest of the mandibular notch (CMN) has historically entered into discussions of Neanderthal characteristics and was recently suggested to be autapomorphic in Neanderthals. The Neanderthal CMN has been described as intersecting the condyle in the middle, while the modern human CMN runs ...
Havlik Dean M - - 2002
A 2-month-old infant girl died suddenly as a result of torsion of the uterine adnexa. The infant was found unresponsive in bed and was pronounced dead shortly after her arrival at a hospital. There were no antecedent signs of illness. At autopsy, the right ovary and right fallopian tube were ...
Mitchell E - - 2002
A 2-month-old girl is reported who was found in cardiorespiratory arrest beneath her unconscious mother. Full autopsy examination failed to reveal any features which would give an indication of the nature of the terminal event. This case confirms the non-specificity of autopsy findings in an infant who suffocated underneath an ...
Dancea Adrian - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine the spectrum of cardiac pathology and circumstances of death in infants with sudden unexpected death and to define the impact of sudden cardiac deaths to overall sudden infant death. Study design: Retrospective analysis of all autopsies of infants with sudden death 7 days to 2 years of ...
Yao Yong-Gang - - 2002
Previous studies have shown that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) 5178 adenine/cytosine (5178A) polymorphism, which is one of the haplogroup-specific mutations for mtDNA haplogroup D, was apparently associated with aging and longevity in humans. We genotyped the 5178A in 293 samples representing three age groups (Old, n=95; Young, n=103; and Infant, n=95) ...
Jegasothy Ravindran - - 2002
We report on a retrospective study of maternal deaths in Malaysia that occurred within 24 hours of delivery, abortion or operative termination of the pregnancy (defined as sudden deaths) in the years 1995-1996. There were 131 sudden maternal deaths (20.6% of all maternal deaths); postpartum hemorrhage, obstetric embolisms, trauma and ...
Wasant Pornswan - - 2002
Three infants with documented mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation disorders are described in this report. Case 1. Carnitine/acylcarnitine translocase deficiency. (CACT) (OMIM 212138) A two-day-old male developed sudden cardiac arrest 48 hours postpartum, with a previous history of early death (day 2) in siblings with a history of parental consanguinity; somnolence, ...
Cox Felicia - - 2002
Predicting which patients will experience postoperative nausea and vomiting is difficult. Prophylactic antiemetic administration has been shown to reduce unplanned admission after day case surgery. In published comparative studies of antiemetic efficacy, droperidol has been considered to be the 'gold standard' against which other agents are measured. The recent withdrawal ...
Osterhout D J - - 2002
Several studies have shown that the progression of oligodendrocyte progenitors along the lineage correlates with increased susceptibility to death stimuli. The molecular basis of this phenomenon remains unclear. This study demonstrates that the protein levels of several proapoptotic molecules, including Bax, Bad (nonphosphorylated form), and certain caspase proforms, increase during ...
Yapo Ette H - - 2002
This survey presents several cases of sudden deaths in Africa, specifically in Cote d'Ivoire, where the postmortem diagnosis of human cerebral malaria was determined after autopsy followed by pathologic examination of the brain. It is thought that cerebral malaria may be the primary cause of sudden death in nonimmunized persons ...
Link Mark S - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: In an experimental model of sudden death from baseball chest wall impact (commotio cordis), we sought to determine if sudden death by baseball impact could be reduced with safety baseballs. BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death can occur after chest wall impact with a baseball (commotio cordis). Whether softer-than-standard (safety) baseballs ...
Roche Frédéric - - 2002
Ambulatory ECG had been proposed to examine the amplified high resolution signal-averaged electrocardiogram (SAECG). Clinical investigations are required to confirm the predictive value of such a high resolution technique in arrhythmic risk stratification. The prognostic value of ambulatory Holter SAECG was evaluated in 108 postinfarction patients for the purpose of ...
Thaman Rajesh - - 2002
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is an inherited cardiac disorder. Sudden cardiac death frequently occurs in otherwise healthy individuals, and accounts for nearly 35% of all sudden deaths within this age group. Although symptoms occur commonly, they often go unreported. Despite this, a degree of functional limitation is often seen on objective assessment. ...
Liu Hong-Hsing - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cardiac echogenic foci are found frequently during fetal echocardiographic investigations and may be related to increased mineralization of the papillary muscles. However, data from postnatal follow-up are limited. This study investigated the clinical characteristics and postnatal echocardiographic findings in infants with cardiac echogenic foci identified prenatally. METHODS: ...
DeRanieri Joseph T - - 2002
The goals of grief after sudden traumatic death is to acknowledge the loss, identify the changes the loss will have in the co-victim's life, and reinvest in life within the new structure. Although these goals seem simple, there is no definitive timeline for when these tasks will be engaged and ...
Gautam Satyendra - - 2002
Xanthomonas campestris pv. glycines strain AM2 (XcgAM2), the etiological agent of bacterial pustule disease of soybean, exhibited post-exponential rapid cell death (RCD) in LB medium. X. campestris pv. malvacearum NCIM 2310 and X. campestris NCIM 2961 also displayed RCD, though less pronouncedly than XcgAM2. RCD was not observed in Pseudomonas ...
Yokoyama W M - - 2002
In this article, I outline the studies that led to the discovery of Ly49A as the first 'missing-self ' receptor on natural killer cells. It is a more detailed and formal version of my acceptance speech at the Novartis Award ceremony at the International Congress of Immunology in Stockholm. Yet, ...
Pansin Pongsak - - 2002
Sudden Unexplained Death Syndrome (SUDS) is a major health problem in rural residents of Northeast Thailand. The cause of death in SUDS is suspected to be cardiovascular abnormalities. As magnesium (Mg) and zinc (Zn) deficiency contribute significantly to several cardiovascular diseases, we investigated the Mg- and Zn-status of patients with ...
Chhina Satbir - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of cisapride on the corrected QT (QTc) interval in infants over a 14-day period. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study of infants receiving cisapride (0.8 mg/kg per day). Twelve-lead electrocardiograms were obtained before and 3, 5, 7, and 14 days after cisapride initiation. RESULTS: Fifty ...
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