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Results 201 - 250 of 665
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Berwanger Stefanie - - 2005
Xanthohumol (Xn) has well-established chemopreventive potential in vitro. In order to carry out in vivo bioavailability and tissue distribution studies,( 14)C-labelled Xn was produced by biolabelling. Supplying hop sprouts with 5 mCi [U-(14)C]glucose led to incorporation of (14)C into Xn. Delivering the radioactive precursor at once resulted in Xn with ...
Quigley F - - 2005
CRY (Cardiac Risk in the Young) is a registered Irish charity established by parents who are bereaved as a result of sudden cardiac death. The aim of this study is to establish the incidence and causes of sudden cardiac death in Dublin city in the 10-year period from 1st January ...
Grün Rainer - - 2005
In order to resolve long-standing issues surrounding the age of the Skhul early modern humans, new analyses have been conducted, including the dating of four well-provenanced fossils by ESR and U-series. If the Skhul burials took place within a relatively short time span, then the best age estimate lies between ...
Collins Rebecca - - 2005
The deceased's prior consent to posthumous reproduction is a common requirement in many common law jurisdictions. This paper critically evaluates four arguments advanced to justify the presumption against consent. It is argued that, in situations where death is caused by sudden trauma, not only is there inadequate justification for the ...
Delextrat Anne - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of drafting, i.e., swimming directly behind a competitor, on biomechanical adaptation during subsequent cycling. Eight well-trained male triathletes underwent three submaximal sessions in a counterbalanced order. These sessions comprised a 10-min ride on a bicycle ergometer at 75% of maximal ...
Palisin Tenley - - 2005
Nutritional supplements are widely used by patients and athletes around the world for many different reasons. Many companies are thriving on this billion-dollar industry with little proof that these substances do what they are reported or suggested to do. Beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) is a relatively new supplement on the ergogenic landscape. ...
Jones Neil F - - 2005
The authors report the first successful replantation of a below-knee amputation in a 7-month-old infant prior to the development of a standing and walking gait. Seven years following surgery, the child demonstrates excellent ankle and knee range of motion, has regained plantar sensation, and is able to walk, run, and ...
Donald Kirsten M - - 2005
We used DNA sequences of lecithotrophic monodontine topshells, belonging to the genera Diloma, Melagraphia, and Austrocochlea, to ascertain how this group became established over a large area of the South Pacific Ocean. The phylogeny of the topshells was estimated using portions of two mitochondrial genes (16S and cytochrome oxidase 1) ...
Hess Erik P - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: It has been proposed that chest compression (CC) can provoke recurrent ventricular fibrillation (VF) after defibrillation has restored an organized rhythm (OR). If so this would have major implications for proposed changes in resumption of CC after defibrillation, regardless of rhythm. The aim of this study was to examine ...
Matturri Luigi - - 2005
This work intends to be a review of the recent histopathological findings elicited by research into sudden and unexpected perinatal death and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) that have dictated a novel approach to the inherent problems by pathologists, especially those entrusted with forensic medical authority. The new approach stems ...
Muir William M - - 2005
Competition among domesticated plants or animals can have a dramatic negative impact on yield of a stand or farm. The usual quantitative genetic model ignores these competitive interactions and could result in seriously incorrect breeding decisions and acerbate animal well-being. A general solution to this problem is given, for either ...
Quinn Norman J - - 2005
Coral recruitment was examined on terracotta tiles deployed for four six-month periods between March 2001 and April 2003 on the West Fore Reef at Discovery Bay, Jamaica. During each sampling period, four tiles were deployed on each of two arrays at six depths ranging from 3 m to 33 m. ...
Dupont M J - - 2005
To test the hypothesis that a narrow intensity band of geomagnetic activity contributes to Sudden Infant Death, 32 pregnant rats were exposed for two to three days before expected parturition either to a coil that generated 0.5 Hz sine-wave, 5 to 10 nanoTesla magnetic fields, or to a reference coil ...
Bajanowski T - - 2005
The aim of this clinicopathological study was to determine the frequency of infant deaths due to unnatural causes among cases of sudden and unexpected infant death. Nine institutes of legal medicine in Germany that took part in the German study on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (GeSID), representing 35% of the ...
Pomara Cristoforo - - 2005
A case of sudden cardiac death in a 3-year-old young male affected by Prader-Willi syndrome, clinically diagnosed and confirmed by means of DNA methylation, is presented. The infant suddenly collapsed at home and was taken apparently unconsciousness by his mother to the emergency clinic where he was pronounced dead. A ...
Kim Peter H - - 2005
Although the negotiations literature identifies a variety of approaches for improving one's power position, the relative benefits of these approaches remain largely unexplored. The empirical study presented in this article begins to address this issue by examining how the size of the bargaining zone affects the relative benefit of an ...
Knight Laura D - - 2005
This retrospective case review investigates modifiable risk factors in sudden unexpected infant deaths, including those attributed to sudden infant death syndrome, and examines the impact of cosleeping with adults or siblings. The study examines sudden unexpected infant deaths from 1991 to 2000 in the state of Kentucky, excluding homicides and ...
Finch Nancy J - - 2005
Sudden cardiac death represents an enormous public health problem in all developed countries of the world. In the United States, sudden cardiac death occurs in more than 400,000 people each year and is the leading cause of death. In sudden cardiac death, the heart abruptly and unexpectedly ceases to function ...
Zeltzman Philippe A - - 2005
The pathogenesis of cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture remains controversial, and its relationship to tibial plateau angle is unknown. In this study, the tibial plateau angle was measured in 200 large-breed dogs diagnosed with CCL rupture. Correlation analyses were performed to determine whether the age at the time of CCL ...
Conrad Rupert - - 2005
We report the case of an artificial donor insemination couple experiencing sudden infant death of their 8-month-old child. Six months after the incident, the couple were investigated by means of an extensive interview, a repertory grid investigation and the Family Assessment Measure, as well as at 6 years after the ...
Corbin Tania - - 2005
This article investigates whether the decline in the sudden infant death rates and the rise in unascertained death rates during the period 1995-2003 were linked. It concludes that changes in certification practices surrounding sudden infant deaths and unascertained deaths suggest that it is becoming more difficult to distinguish between these ...
Lavezzi Anna Maria - - 2005
We investigated the immunohistochemical expression of the tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) enzyme and the morphometric parameters of the human locus coeruleus (LC) in the brainstems of 32 subjects aged from 17 gestational weeks to 12 postnatal month, died of unknown (sudden unexplained perinatal and infant deaths) and known causes. The goals ...
Satgé Daniel - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: A personal observation of a 20-week-old fetus with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) presenting epicardial angiofibroma prompted us to evaluate cardiac neoplasms in this genetic condition. METHOD: We performed an autopsy and a histological evaluation of the fetus, and searched the literature for cardiac anomalies in BWS. RESULTS: Although cardiac tumors ...
Chattipakorn Nipon - - 2005
Ventricular fibrillation (VF) is known as a main responsible cause of sudden cardiac death which claims thousands of lives each year. Although the mechanism of VF induction has been investigated for over a century, its definite mechanism is still unclear. In the past few decades, the development of new advance ...
Dada Adekola - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Various electrocardiographic criteria for LVH have differing sensitivities and specificities. Most of the available electrocardiographic criteria for LVH have not been evaluated in the African populace. METHODS: Electrocardiograms (ECGs) and echocardiograms were obtained from 100 ...
Eckart Robert E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Sudden death among military recruits is a rare but devastating occurrence. Because extensive medical data are available on this cross-sectional and diverse population, identification of the underlying causes of sudden death may promote health care policy to reduce the incidence of sudden death. OBJECTIVE: To determine the causes of ...
Krous Henry F - - 2005
Tumors are rare causes of sudden death in infancy and early childhood. The goals of this study were to determine the types and frequency of the tumors associated with sudden death occurring in cases between birth and age 3 years. The San Diego Sudden Infant Death Syndrome/sudden unexplained death in ...
Abel Ernest L - - 2004
We re-examined the relationship between handedness and age at death for major league baseball players who died before 2002. This study extended the most recent examination of this issue by 13 years allowing us to compare 870 left-handers, 4,092 right-handers, and 1,092 bimanual players. Our study also took into account ...
Weldon Ché - - 2004
The sudden appearance of chytridiomycosis, the cause of amphibian deaths and population declines in several continents, suggests that its etiologic agent, the amphibian chytrid Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, was introduced into the affected regions. However, the origin of this virulent pathogen is unknown. A survey was conducted of 697 archived specimens of ...
Matturri L - - 2004
The autoptic procedures in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and sudden intrauterine unexpected death (SIUD) victims requires an in-depth examination of the autonomic nervous system, central and peripheral, as well as of the cardiac conduction system. In these pathologies, our studies have identified frequent developmental abnormalities in the brain stem, ...
Lavezzi A M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To obtain basic information about the expression of somatostatin in the human central nervous system and, in particular, to evaluate its possible involvement in unexplained perinatal and in sudden infant death syndrome. MATERIAL: Sixty-seven brainstems from subjects aged from 30 gestational weeks to 12 postnatal months, dying of both ...
Orpin Alan R - - 2004
Coastal development activities can cause local increases in turbidity and sedimentation. This study characterises the spatial and temporal variability of turbidity near an inshore fringing coral reef in the central Great Barrier Reef, under a wide range of natural conditions. Based on the observed natural variability, we outline a risk ...
Fineschi Vittorio - - 2004
The case concerns the sudden death of a 29-year-old male during clozapine therapy started 2 weeks before. He had a history of treatment-resistant chronic schizophrenia. A complete immunohistochemical study was performed on heart specimens. Histologically, the heart presented diffuse eosinophilic infiltrates located around perivascular structures and focal myocyte necrosis with ...
Maisch Michael W - - 2004
A temnospondyl ilium from the uppermost Toutunhe Formation (Middle Jurassic, Callovian) of the southern Junggar Basin is described. Among the known temnospondyls it is very unusual in morphology because of its very long and slender shaft. It compares closely only to the ilium of one of the latest known trematosaurids ...
De Oliveira Nilto C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: After modifications in our perioperative management protocol, we have observed a decrease in sudden circulatory collapse after the Norwood operation. The current study examines early outcomes after the Norwood operation in our unit in an attempt to identify variables that may have altered the risk of unexpected circulatory collapse. ...
Apple Fred S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the ability of single and multiple biomarker monitoring to predict adverse outcomes has not been well established. This study determined the prognostic value of multiple biomarkers for all-cause death over 2 years in 399 ESRD patients. METHODS: The risk of all-cause death ...
Aoshima Hitoshi - - 2004
1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity of Japanese whiskey after various aging periods in oak barrels was measured to evaluate the antioxidative effects of whiskey. The activity of the whiskey increased with the aging period with high correlation. The activity of various types of whiskey was measured and shown to be ...
Doherty Michael J - - 2004
Patsy Custis, George Washington's stepdaughter, died suddenly during a brief seizure in 1773. Accounts of Patsy's illness and unexpected death were abstracted from George Washington's papers available via the Library of Congress. Patsy's epilepsy, the treatments she received, and his descriptions of her death were studied. Sudden unexplained death in ...
Trusty Jane M JM Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2004
Young competitive athletes are perceived by the general population to be the healthiest members of society. The possibility that highly trained high school and college athletes may have a potentially serious cardiac condition that can predispose to life-threatening dysrhythmias or sudden cardiac death (SCD) seems paradoxical. The occurrence of SCD ...
Straus Sabine M J M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotics have been associated with prolongation of the corrected QT interval and sudden cardiac death. Only a few epidemiological studies have investigated this association. We performed a case-control study to investigate the association between use of antipsychotics and sudden cardiac death in a well-defined community-dwelling population. METHODS: We performed ...
Chen Yong-Shing - - 2004
In spring, windblown dust storms originating in the deserts of Mongolia and China make their way to Taipei City. These occurrences are known as Asian dust storm events. The objective of this study was to assess the possible effects of Asian dust storms on the mortality of residents in Taipei, ...
Dupont M J - - 2004
Correlational analyses have shown a moderate strength association between the occurrence of continuous pulsations, a type of geomagnetic activity within the 0.2-Hz to 5-Hz range, and the occurrence of Sudden Infant Deaths. In the present study, rats were exposed continuously from two days before birth to seven days after birth ...
Mai-Prochnow Anne - - 2004
The newly described green-pigmented bacterium Pseudoalteromonas tunicata (D2) produces target-specific inhibitory compounds against bacteria, algae, fungi, and invertebrate larvae and is frequently found in association with living surfaces in the marine environment. As part of our studies on the ecology of P. tunicata and its interaction with marine surfaces, we ...
Lavezzi Wendy A - - 2004
The utility of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) in live birth determination is not well established. Because the distinction between live birth and stillbirth may be important in criminal proceedings, we undertook this study to investigate the relationship between the histologic finding of PIE and live birth. Sixty-six cases of infant ...
Levene S - - 2004
It is impossible to be certain, but it is estimated that each year in England and Wales there may be about 30-40 infant deaths from covert homicide, which represents about 10% of the current annual total of sudden unexpected deaths in infancy. This paper reviews the features that have been ...
Krahn Andrew D - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Advances in primary and secondary prevention of sudden death have led to a wide array of potentially beneficial therapies. Identification of patients most likely to benefit would be of use when considering costly interventions such as an implantable defibrillator. We sought to determine the effect of advancing age on ...
Kareken David A - - 2004
Neuroimaging studies suggest that piriform cortex is activated at least in part by sniffing. We used H(2)(15)O positron emission tomography (PET) to study 15 healthy volunteers while they participated in four conditions, two of which were sniffing odorants and odorless air. The remaining two conditions involved a constant, very low ...
Spencer N - - 2004
This paper aimed to systematically review observational studies documenting the relation between sudden unexpected death in infancy and socioeconomic status. A search of two electronic databases (Medline 1966 to November 2002; Embase 1981 to November 2002) yielded 52 case-control or cohort studies meeting the inclusion criteria. An increased risk of ...
Loker Eric S - - 2004
The approximate 30 extant invertebrate phyla have diversified along separate evolutionary trajectories for hundreds of millions of years. Although recent work understandably has emphasized the commonalities of innate defenses, there is also ample evidence, as from completed genome studies, to suggest that even members of the same invertebrate order have ...
Atik Jeffery - - 2004
In Australia-Salmon, the WTO Appellate Body found Australia to be in violation of the WTO SPS Agreement based on the inconsistency of the "appropriate level of protection" underlying various SPS measures. Article 5.5 of the SPS Agreement prohibits arbitrary or unjustifiable distinctions in "appropriate levels of protection" if such distinctions ...
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