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Trénel Philipp - - 2007
The Ceroxyloideae is a small but heterogeneous subfamily of palms (Arecaceae, Palmae). It includes a Caribbean lineage (tribe Cyclospathae), a southern hemisphere disjunction (tribe Ceroxyleae), and an amphi-Andean element (tribe Phytelepheae), until recently considered a distinct subfamily (Phytelephantoideae) due to its highly derived morphology. A variety of hypotheses have been ...
Ohtsuki Hisashi H Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan. - - 2007
Direct reciprocity is a mechanism for the evolution of cooperation based on the idea of repeated encounters between the same two individuals. Here we examine direct reciprocity in structured populations, where individuals occupy the vertices of a graph. The edges denote who interacts with whom. The graph represents spatial structure ...
Kang Jeong Suk - - 2007
Anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibody nephritis is caused by an autoimmune or alloimmune reaction to the NC1 domains of alpha3alpha4alpha5(IV) collagen. Some patients with X-linked Alport syndrome (XLAS) develop post-transplant nephritis mediated by pathogenic anti-GBM alloantibodies to collagen IV chains present in the renal allograft but absent from the tissues ...
Lee Robert S Y - - 2007
We report on three Chinese neonates with carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase deficiency. They presented within the first 48 hours of life. Two neonates were found in cardiac arrest; one of them survived after resuscitation. The third neonate suddenly developed cardiorespiratory insufficiency and succumbed eventually. The clustering of three cases in 5 years ...
Behr E R - - 2007
To describe the characteristics of sudden arrhythmic death syndrome (SADS) and compare its incidence with official national mortality statistics for unascertained deaths. Sudden unexplained deaths were prospectively surveyed through 117 coroners' jurisdictions in England. Consecutive cases meeting the following criteria were included: white Caucasian, aged 4-64 years, no history of ...
Battersby Cameron - - 2007
The cause of the death of the Macedonian King, Alexander the Great, at Babylon in 323 BC has excited interest and conjecture throughout the ages. The information available in the surviving ancient sources, none of which is contemporaneous, has been reviewed and compared with modern knowledge as set out in ...
Tomkins Susannah - - 2007
BACKGROUND: It is thought that excessive alcohol consumption is related to the high mortality among working age men in Russia. Moreover it has been suggested that alcohol is a key proximate driver of the very sharp fluctuations in mortality seen in this group since the mid-1980s. Designing an individual-level study ...
Edgecombe Gregory D - - 2007
New insights into the anatomy, systematics, and biogeography of centipedes have put these predatory terrestrial arthropods at the forefront of evolutionary studies. Centipedes have also played a pivotal role in understanding high-level arthropod relationships. Their deep evolutionary history, with a fossil record spanning 420 million years, explains their current worldwide ...
van Dam Coleta - - 2007
This study explores the relationship between PEN profiles, delinquency, and recidivism in young offenders. According to Eysenck, personality is based on three basic Dimensions: Psychoticism, Extraversion, and Neuroticism (PEN-model). Eysenck states that delinquents score high on all three dimensions. A group of young male offenders in a juvenile detention center ...
Jha Gopaljee - - 2007
The type II (T2S) and type III (T3S) secretion systems are important for virulence of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, causal agent of bacterial leaf blight of rice. The T3S of gram-negative bacterial plant pathogens has been shown to suppress host defense responses, including programmed cell death reactions, whereas the T2S ...
Heaton Kenneth W - - 2006
To determine how often Shakespeare's characters faint, fit, or die from extreme emotion; to assess Shakespeare's uniqueness in this regard; and to examine the plausibility of these dramatised events. Line by line search through modern editions of these late 16th and early 17th century works for accounts of characters fainting, ...
Leitao Louis - - 2008
Using open-top chambers, the impact of ozone (O(3)) on foliar carboxylases of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) was investigated. From sowing, beans were exposed to non-filtered air (NF) and NF supplied with 40 (+40) and 80 (+80) nL L(-1) O(3). Twenty days after emergence, primary and first trifoliate leaves were sampled. ...
- - 2006
(1) Domperidone, a "hidden" neuroleptic, is widely used as an oral antiemetic yet its efficacy has not been adequately documented. (2) In a case-control study domperidone was associated with an estimated relative risk of sudden cardiac death of 3.8 (95% confidence interval 1.5-9.7). (3) QT interval prolongation has been reported ...
Lavezzi Anna Maria - - 2007
The aims of this study were to investigate in the human cerebellar cortex the structural and biological ontogenetic features, the possible presence of alterations in cases of sudden unexplained fetal and infant death, and the involvement of the maternal cigarette smoking in developmental abnormalities. We analyzed 52 brains of fetal ...
Sakata Noriyuki - - 2007
To clarify the role of myofibroblasts in the development of inflammatory aortic aneurysm (IAA), 11 cases of IAA (69.2+/-8.59 years) were investigated immunohistochemically and were morphometrically compared with 12 age-matched cases of atherosclerotic abdominal aneurysm (AAA, 69.6+/-5.94 years). The positivity of mantle sign and CRP was significantly higher in the ...
Neychev Vladimir Kostadinov - - 2006
To increase awareness of sudden and unexpected death in Lesch-Nyhan disease (LND) and to explore its potential causes, we report the anteceding clinical features and laboratory evaluations of five males with LND who ultimately experienced sudden and unexpected death, along with three additional males who suffered serious respiratory events during ...
Fleming Peter - - 2006
Unexpected death in infancy may be a consequence of recognisable pathophysiological processes, or may remain unexplained after thorough investigation. We review the appropriate investigations that should be performed after unexpected infant deaths, and the recent changes to UK law that will make such investigations mandatory from 2008. Current knowledge of ...
Menon Anand - - 2007
Forensic pathologists deal not only with criminal, accidental and suicidal deaths, but also with a wide range of deaths from natural causes. Many of these deaths are sudden, unexpected, clinically unexplained or obscure, even though there need be no criminal element in their causation. Unnatural deaths have always to be ...
Corrado Domenico D Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences, University of Padua Medical School, Padua, - - 2006
A nationwide systematic preparticipation athletic screening was introduced in Italy in 1982. The impact of such a program on prevention of sudden cardiovascular death in the athlete remains to be determined. To analyze trends in incidence rates and cardiovascular causes of sudden death in young competitive athletes in relation to ...
Côté Jean - - 2006
In this study, we assessed whether contextual factors related to where or when an athlete is born influence their likelihood of playing professional sport. The birthplace and birth month of all American players in the National Hockey League, National Basketball Association, Major League Baseball, and Professional Golfer's Association, and all ...
Bartnicki-Garcia Salomon - - 2006
José Ruiz-Herrera's discovery that chitin microfibrils could be made by a fungal extract paved the way for elucidating the intracellular location of chitin synthetase. In collaboration with Charles Bracker, chitosomes were identified as the major reservoir of chitin synthetase in fungi. Unique in size, buoyant density, and membrane thickness, chitosomes ...
Ohtsuki Hisashi H Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan. - - 2006
Traditional evolutionary game theory explores frequency-dependent selection in well-mixed populations without spatial or stochastic effects. But recently there has been much interest in studying the evolutionary game dynamics in spatial settings, on lattices and other graphs. Here, we present an analytic approach for the stochastic evolutionary game dynamics on the ...
Ramires Felix J A - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Chagas' disease is one of the most important causes of dilated cardiomyopathy in South and Central America. It is an inflammatory cardiomyopathy. We wanted to investigate whether it could have the same response to aldosterone antagonism as demonstrated before in other dilated cardiomyopathies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of ...
Sangwatanaroj Somkiat - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sudden Unexplained Death Syndrome (SUDS) is the major cause ofsudden death in Thai adults, especially Thai migrant workers in Singapore and Taiwan. Temporal variations of sudden death of Thai people abroad are not well known. OBJECTIVE: To study the month, day and time of death of presumptive sudden death ...
Koklu Esad - - 2006
Renal tubular dysgenesis (RTD), a rare, lethal, autosomal recessive disorder, is characterised by short and poorly differentiated proximal convoluted tubules associated with oligohydramnios, Potter sequence and neonatal death from respiratory failure. We report an unusual case of neonatal anuria owing to RTD with normally formed lungs, in-utero exposure to naproxen ...
Kumar Virendra - - 2007
The main aim of this study is to determine the causes and the epidemiological aspects of sudden natural deaths. Data were collected from 545 sudden natural autopsies in UMMC, Kuala Lumpur over a five-year period, from 1st January 2000 to 31st December 2004. There were 475 males and 70 females. ...
Tam Beatrice M - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate the pathogenic mechanisms that underlie retinal degeneration induced by the rhodopsin mutation P23H in a Xenopus laevis model of RP. METHODS: Transgenic X. laevis were generated that expressed the rhodopsin mutants rhoP23H and rhoP23H/K29R (a variant incapable of transducin activation). Using quantitative dot blot assay, transgenic rhodopsin ...
Wallace Timothy W - - 2006
Biaryls have been a persistent focus of interest for chemists since it was recognised, more than 80 years ago, that they can manifest the axial chirality that is inherent in structures consisting of intersecting dissymmetric planes. In recent decades their importance has risen steeply as this structural motif proved spectacularly ...
Cruz M A - - 2006
Extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants frequently manifest signs of cardiac dysfunction requiring inotropic support. It is not clear if this is due to cardiac injury, which can be monitored by measuring cardiac troponin T (cTnT). We performed a nested prospective cohort study at a university level III neonatal intensive care unit. ...
Ristagno Giuseppe - - 2006
The evidence supports quality controlled chest compression as the initial intervention after "sudden death" before attempted defibrillation, if the duration of cardiac arrest is more than 5 minutes. The new guidelines mandate lesser interruptions for ventilation, before and following electrical shocks, and single rather than multiple electrical shocks before resuming ...
Liang Qian-De - - 2006
Effects of four Si-Wu-Tang (SWT)'s constituents, fructose (Fru), paeoniflorin (Pae), ferulic acid (FA), tetramethyl pyrazine (TP), and their combination on irradiated mice as model of anaemia were investigated, with the purpose of further understanding the relationship between SWT's constituents and activities. Similarly to SWT, oral administration of Fru, Pae, FA, ...
Böhm Marlies - - 2006
This observational study of 100 dogs naturally infected with Babesia canis rossi determined whether severity of parasitaemia was associated with outcome of infection and documented the relative distribution of parasitised red blood cells (pRBC) in capillary and venous circulation. The association between increased parasitaemias and outcome with a clinically compromised ...
Lei Hetian - - 2006
Trichosanthin (TCS) from Trichosanthes kirilowii Maximowicz (T. kirilowii) can be used to treat choriocarcinoma. In this work, we established a novel system to produce TCS in crown gall tissues of T. kirilowii infected by Agrobacterium tumefaciens C58 (A. tumefaciens). In the crown gall tissues, a nopaline synthase (NOS) gene of ...
Lavezzi Anna Maria - - 2006
This article intends to show how the cerebellum, a structure ordinarily not considered in mediating breathing or cardiovascular control, may play a critical role in compensatory responses particularly to hypoxic insults occurring pre and/or postnatally and thus may be involved in the sudden unexplained perinatal and infant death. Besides the ...
Sanna Lawrence J - - 2006
Three studies found that prospective temporal self-appraisals can be part of defensive pessimists' strategy; they felt closer to equally distant negative than positive futures. In Study 1, defensive pessimists felt closer to future failures and reported more negative affect than those considering success. In Study 2, when manipulated negative futures ...
Kondo Jun - - 2006
The basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors, DEC2 and DEC1, play critical roles in the circadian rhythm of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). It is known that mammalian circadian rhythms are regulated by molecular clockwork systems based on a negative-feedback loop, and CLOCK/BMAL1 and CLOCK/BMAL2 enhance DEC2 transcription via CACGTG E-boxes. To ...
Twardowski Zbylut J - - 2006
Although single dialyzer use and reuse by chemical reprocessing are both associated with some complications, there is no definitive advantage to either in this respect. Some complications occur mainly at the first use of a dialyzer: a new cellophane or cuprophane membrane may activate the complement system, or a noxious ...
Barker S L - - 2006
Achilles tenotomy is a recognised step in the Ponseti technique for the correction of idiopathic congenital talipes equinovarus in most percutaneous cases. Its use has been limited in part by concern that the subsequent natural history of the tendon is unknown. In a study of 11 tendons in eight infants, ...
Hanton Gilles - - 2006
This meeting was organised by IIR Life Sciences. It was chaired by Brian Guth, (head of General Pharmacology at Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma) and brought together scientists and clinicians from the pharmaceutical industry, university and regulatory agencies. The meeting presented emerging trends in cardiac safety, including its regulatory context pertaining to ...
Nakamura D - - 2006
It is well known that highly trained athletes suffer from a high incidence of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI). Secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) is a major effector of mucosal surface protection against microorganisms causing URTI. Although several studies have investigated the relationship between falls in SIgA levels and appearance of ...
Hamaad Ali - - 2006
Sudden cardiac death can be the presenting feature of coronary disease. Limited epidemiological studies from the US suggest an increased prevalence of sudden death in the African-American community. There are no reports in UK minority communities. We present sudden death data from an area with a high density of underprivileged ...
Bouranis Dimitris L - - 2006
Aerenchyma formation in maize adventitious roots is induced in nutrient solution by the deprivation of sulfate (S) under well-oxygenated conditions. The aim of this research was to examine the extent of aerenchyma formation in the cortex of sulfate-deprived adventitious roots along the root axis, in correlation with the presence of ...
Flint Douglas H - - 2006
This study examined polarization of perceptions of Procedural Justice. Two polarization mechanisms are examined, Persuasive Arguments and Social Comparisons. Participants were students enrolled in a first-year introductory business class. There were 216 participants in the Persuasive Arguments study, 429 in the Social Comparisons study. The average age of all participants ...
Slater Gary J - - 2006
To strengthen the depth of lightweight rowing talent, we sought to identify experienced heavyweight rowers who possessed physique traits that predisposed them to excellence as a lightweight. Identified athletes (n = 3) were monitored over 16 wk. Variables measured included performance, anthropometric indices, and selected biochemical and metabolic parameters. All ...
Tepas Joseph J JJ - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Gut disruption in very low birth weight follows 1 of 3 clinical pathways: isolated perforation with sudden free air, metabolic derangement (MD) complicated by appearance of free air, or progressive metabolic deterioration without evidence of free air. To refine evidence-based indications for peritoneal drainage (PD) vs laparotomy (LAP), we ...
McClelland Lisha - - 2005
CONCLUSIONS: A subgroup of patients with idiopathic sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) will have steroid-dependent symptoms which can be confirmed using pure-tone audiometry. Long-term treatment with high-dose corticosteroids exposes patients to potentially serious adverse effects. Immunosuppression with ciclosporin can be an effective and well-tolerated treatment for steroid-responsive sudden SNHL. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Catina Peter - - 2005
The present study examined the degree to which positive illusion is associated with sport performance in basketball players among 3 different cultures: The United States of America, Croatia, and Norway. Positive illusion is a cognitive characteristic that is common in mentally healthy individuals, and becomes especially important in the athletic ...
Koga Yosuke - - 2005
A great number of novel and unique chemical structures of archaeal polar lipids have been reported. Since 1993, when those lipids were reviewed in several review articles, a variety of core lipids and lipids with unique polar groups have been reported successively. We summarize new lipid structures from archaea elucidated ...
Gardosi Jason - - 2005
To develop and test a new classification system for stillbirths to help improve understanding of the main causes and conditions associated with fetal death. Population based cohort study. West Midlands region. 2625 stillbirths from 1997 to 2003. Categories of death according to conventional classification methods and a newly developed system ...
Bar-Cohen Yaniv - - 2005
Automated external defibrillators (AEDs) are currently not recommended for use in children under 1 year of age. We report the first description of successful AED defibrillation in an infant using a 50 J shock and provide rationale for employing these life-saving devices in infants at risk for sudden cardiac death.
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