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Freund G G - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Modern fertilization techniques can lead to unexpected ABO phenotypes in newborn infants and can raise questions as to maternity, paternity, and infant misidentification. Ovum transplantation can result in an infant with an ABO phenotype that is unexpected, given the birth mother's ABO type. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A group ...
Mathews A - - 1994
High and low worriers were primed by a short period of worry, suppression of worry, or the same period of non-worrying thought. Analysis of thoughts during the period following showed that worriers had more than twice as many unpleasant thoughts as did controls, across all prior conditions. Priming condition had ...
Mende P - - 1994
The in vitro nitrosation of sun-dried red chillies (Capsicum annuum) and of its constituents capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin was studied. The nitrophenols 4-nitroguaiacol, 4,6-dinitroguaiacol, nitrocapsaicin and nitrodihydrocapsaicin were detected as final products, whereas no formation of nitrosamides was observed though this is expected from the amide precursors capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin. The ...
Costa F - - 1994
A proportion of patients with carotid sinus syncope (CSS) remain symptomatic even after pacemaker implantation because of persistence of a vasodepressor component. We report a patient with CSS whose syncopal episodes could be reproduced by carotid sinus massage and were due to profound hypotension associated with sudden sympathetic withdrawal, based ...
Fabrega H H - - 1994
THE Sudden Death of infants and young children (SICD) constitutes a recurring problem in all societies. In contemporary industrialized societies, many factors known to cause these deaths have been clarified and controlled. Yet, as an outcome of such things as unrecognized disease, accidents, so-called crib death, and parental neglect or ...
Bennett M J - - 1994
The prevalence of metabolic disease in infants dying suddenly and unexpectedly is controversial. Most studies have centered on major pediatric institutes with appropriate facilities to study inherited metabolic disease. No studies have been reported from nonacademic centers. We have prospectively studied urine and blood organic and fatty acids from 58 ...
Iyasu S - - 1994
The 1992 Senate Report #102-104 and House Report #102-121 recommended that the Interagency Panel on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) review and establish an updated standard death scene investigation protocol for scene investigation of unexplained infant deaths. As a result of the recommendation, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's ...
Togari H - - 1994
The relationship between sudden cerebral hypoperfusion and sudden respiratory suppression was investigated in newborn piglets. A total of 11 experiments on five newborn piglets were divided into three groups: normoxic, hyperoxic and hypoxic. The sudden cerebral hypoperfusion was created by manual compression of the Arteria carotis communis and Vena jugularis ...
Middleton G - - 1994
We counted apoptotic thymic cortical lymphocytes in semi-thin plastic sections of 266 human autopsy thymuses. The decreased patients included in the study were all aged less than 40 yrs and all died within 72 hrs of the onset of symptoms. Based on published data on animal and human material it ...
Adler S R - - 1994
Scores of seemingly healthy Hmong immigrants have died mysteriously and without warning from what has come to be known as Sudden Unexpected Nocturnal Death Syndrome (SUNDS). To date medical research has provided no adequate explanation for these sudden deaths. This study is an investigation into the role of powerful traditional ...
Tirosh E - - 1994
The incidence of unexpected death in infancy (UDI) (2 weeks-12 months) in the Haifa area is 1.17 per 1000 live births. We found a significant interethnic difference between Israeli Jews and Arabs. The incidence among Arabs was 4 per 1000, but was only 0.77 per 1000 among Jews (p < ...
Rooney S J - - 1994
In order to test the validity of the current guidelines on the categorization of non-autopsied sudden death after valve replacement, a detailed analysis was undertaken of 412 deaths in a large single-institution prosthetic series based on one type of prosthesis (Medtronic Hall) over a 13-year period. Of 69 sudden or ...
Sood S - - 1994
Intracerebral hematomas following evacuation of a subdural hematoma have been described in adults resulting from sudden decompression during the drainage of the hematoma. In infants an open fontanelle and patent sutures are expected to offer protection against sudden decompression. We report the occurrence of intracerebral hematoma in an infant following ...
Matsuura H - - 1994
Pituitary adenomas can cause sudden death in adults, but they are quite rare during infancy. Herein we present an unusual case of sudden infant death associated with a pituitary adenoma. The clinical presentations were "quietness" complained of by the parents and probable gigantism with accelerated growth rate during the first ...
Whittington R M - - 1994
We undertook a prospective study of all consecutive deaths reported to the Coroner for Birmingham and Solihull in a 5 year period. We identified 52 sudden deaths associated with symptoms commencing during sport participation. We studied the characteristics of these individuals. The majority had been performing at accustomed levels of ...
Myerburg R J - - 1993
PURPOSE: To integrate information from the various disciplines that contribute to the understanding of the cause and prevention of sudden cardiac death: identification of new approaches from applied clinical epidemiology; identification and control of transient risk factors; and evaluation of the results of interventions. DATA SOURCES: A broad range of ...
Ector H - - 1993
In the evaluation of antiarrhythmic treatment, total mortality and total cardiac mortality are the only endpoints difficult to misclassify. End-stage cardiac failure competes with "suddenness" in many instances of sudden arrhythmic death. This observational study reports on 23 deaths in a group of 129 patients under antiarrhythmic treatment. In the ...
Gelb A B - - 1993
Primary myocardial diseases in the pediatric age group encompass a variety of metabolic, infectious, congenital, and acquired disorders, one of which is "histiocytoid cardiomyopathy." We describe clinical and pathologic features in two infants. Autopsy findings in the first case were consistent with sudden cardiac death. The second infant has survived ...
Sexton P T - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To examine sudden unexpected cardiac death (SUCD) in Tasmanian men and to assess the contribution of these deaths to differences in rates of mortality from ischaemic heart disease (IHD) between regions within Tasmania. DESIGN AND SETTING: Descriptive epidemiological study based in the community. SUBJECTS: Male residents of Tasmania aged ...
Poulin E C - - 1993
The anatomy of the splenic blood supply is extremely variable. Two principal patterns, the distributed and the magistral types, include the majority of variations. These two types differ with respect to the length of the splenic trunk, the number of arterial branches and the proportion of the medial surface of ...
Sharief N - - 1993
Four children, including three infants, who died suddenly and unexpectedly are described. In three of the cases group A beta haemolytic streptococcus was cultured and in the fourth Streptococcus pneumoniae. The organism was grown from multiple sites including blood in two of them. Without microbiological investigation the diagnosis would have ...
Kelmanson I A - - 1993
An assessment of the microsocial environment of infants dying unexpectedly was carried out using the Paediatric Review and Observation of Children's Environmental Support and Stimulation (PROCESS) inventory. We studied 48 families where the diagnosis of sudden infant death was confirmed by full necropsy and who died in St. petersburg from ...
Goldfield E C - - 1993
We outline a theory of infant skill acquisition characterized by an assembly phase, during which a task-specific, low-dimensional action pattern emerges from spontaneous movement in the context of task constraints, and a tuning phase, during which adjustment of the system parameters yields a more energetically efficient and more stable movement. ...
Bonnet C - - 1993
A study was carried out between 1987 and 1989 to try to understand why women choose to give their infants up for adoption at birth and the psychodynamics of this decision. The interviews of 22 female subjects were based on psychoanalytic methodology. They revealed that the motives behind such a ...
Stewart A - - 1993
Sudden infant death is the major cause of post-neonatal mortality in industrialised countries. For parents, the sudden, unexpected and inexplicable death of their baby can be devastating. Long-term support and follow-up care is needed. In the second of two articles Alison Stewart, Peter Fleming and Thelma Howell describe a follow-up ...
Kaprio J - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Intimal thickenings of the coronary arteries of newborn children are composed mainly of smooth muscle cell proliferations. To investigate whether thickening of the intima in infants is associated with a family history of coronary artery disease (CAD), we studied the relation of coronary death of grandparents to intimal thickening ...
Fleming P J - - 1993
In summary, there is evidence that developmental changes in respiratory control and in thermoregulation have effects upon each other. Theoretically, such effects could give rise to failure of the respiratory system and there is some circumstantial evidence to support the concept that on occasions such interactions may be of importance ...
Moore J F - - 1993
Much has been written about networks, strategic alliances, and virtual organizations. Yet these currently popular frameworks provide little systematic assistance when it comes to out-innovating the competition. That's because most managers still view the problem in the old way: companies go head-to-head in an industry, battling for market share. James ...
Dudorkinová D - - 1993
The atrioventricular conduction system of 27 infants coming to autopsy was examined by histochemical methods. Twenty one were sudden infant deaths; six were explained deaths. A decrease of oxidoreductases and hydrolases activities was found in clusters of conducting cells protruding from the atrioventricular (AV) node and His bundle left into ...
Goh K T - - 1993
A total of 235 cases of sudden unexpected death syndrome (SUDS) among apparently healthy male Thai migrant workers in Singapore were reported between 1982 and 1990. Most of the deaths occurred during sleep and 13% were not sleep-related. The median age at the time of death was 33 years and ...
Nosé Y - - 1993
Higher morbidity and mortality rates are seen after the use of cardiopulmonary bypass in infants and elderly patients. Clinical procedures acceptable for adult patients may not be acceptable for them. Infants require more effective tissue gas exchange or tissue perfusion because of their active metabolic status. On the other hand, ...
Jiménez R A - - 1993
Sudden cardiac death continues to be a major clinical and public health problem. Prospective identification of patients at high risk for cardiac arrest is difficult, being limited by the large size of the population subgroups that contain the majority of victims of sudden cardiac death and by the time dependence ...
Taylor E M - - 1993
Three hundred and ninety-six babies born in Sheffield between 1982 and 1990 identified as being at "very high risk" of unexpected infant death by means of a scoring system, received an intensive programme of health care including a case discussion between a paediatrician, the GP and the health visitor held ...
Hokama Y - - 1993
A survey for the assessment of the ciguatera problem has been determined in Puako, South Kohala, on the Island of Hawaii. This is in the area of persistent ciguateric outbreaks during the months of January through March, caused by a specific species of fish (Cheilinus rhodochrous, red rose wrasse, or ...
Davids J - - 1993
Surprisingly little has been written on the impact of the death of a baby on an older sibling. This paper describes how a narcissistically vulnerable latency boy grappled, in the course of his psychotherapy, with the painful loss of his baby brother. Emotional and cognitive aspects of his early confrontation ...
Kobayashi K - - 1992
The clinical features of delirium type were retrospectively studied to characterize a delirium type in consecutive 106 patients. The subjects suffered from 15 medical diseases and were grouped into hyperactive, hypoactive and mixed types according to their cardinal features. The incidence of delirium was the highest in 70-year-old subjects and ...
Nicholson S D - - 1992
A 29-year-old man admitted to a psychiatric unit was successfully treated for a paranoid psychosis with trifluoperazine. Following reduction of neuroleptic dosage and addition of paroxetine he developed severe extra-pyramidal side effects. These remitted after withdrawal of medication and did not recur following recommencement of trifluoperazine. This is the first ...
Rosenberg J - - 1992
Unexpected deaths still occur following major surgical procedures. The cause is often unknown but may be cardiac or thromboembolic in nature. Postoperative ischaemia, infarction and sudden cardiac death may be triggered by episodic or constant arterial hypoxaemia, which increases during the night. This study examined the circadian variation of sudden ...
Brigner W L - - 1992
Rapid, successive presentations of an eccentric circle pattern and its mirror-image elicited apparent depth and, as has been previously demonstrated for the Benussi effect, there was an increase in apparent depth with an increase in circle eccentricity. Taken together, these data were interpreted as contravening Wallach, Adams, and Weisz's account ...
Püschel K - - 1992
Since 1985, a number of Institutes of Forensic Medicine in Germany have cooperated in a multicenter study, to provide a constant monitoring of HIV-1-prevalence among drug related deaths. In 1990/91, the Institutes in Copenhagen, Stockholm, Vienna and Zürich also participated in this study. HIV-1-prevalence is decreasing in the German cities, ...
Waller B F - - 1992
Relatively little information is available concerning the incidence of sudden death in athletes in the United States. The present study provides annual incidence rates of sudden athletic deaths in Marion County, Indiana, home of Indianapolis, the "amateur sports capital of the world." The overall incidence was 0.04% (18 athletic deaths ...
Tatsanavivat P - - 1992
Sudden and unexplained death in sleep (SUDS) is a significant cause of death of young adults in several Asian populations, but its distribution and incidence are not well known. We conducted a survey by mail of SUDS (known as 'laitai' in the local dialect) that occurred in adults during 1988-1989 ...
Bona M A - - 1992
The levels of Cr (2.49 +/- 0.89 ppm), Mn (5.08 +/- 1.60 ppm), Ni (1.81 +/- 0.95 ppm) and Pb (4.43 +/- 3.12 ppm) were measured in dessicated liver from 44 cases of sudden traumatic death considered as representative of the general population in our area, after ruling out the ...
Willich S N - - 1992
A circadian variation of sudden cardiac death has been documented, but its relation to individual time of awakening and possible triggering events has not been studied in the general population. By monitoring of mortality records in 4 cities and towns in Massachusetts, 148 potential cases of sudden cardiac death were ...
Sneed N V - - 1992
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a leading cause of mortality in this country. The automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD) is a technology which has proven successful in reducing the risk of SCD in patients who qualify for it. However, little is known about how individuals adjust to living with the ...
Thearle M J - - 1992
There have been changing attitudes to death and grief in Western society in recent centuries. During the twentieth century complex medical and social changes have resulted in changing attitudes to and experiences with death. Specifically, the impact of death in childhood is reviewed. In recent decades sudden and unexpected death ...
Mathur K K - - 1992
Barmer district of Rajasthan in Thar desert and hitherto a hypoendemic area for malaria came in the grip of a severe malaria epidemic during 1990. The epidemic occurred as an aftermath of floods, preceded by normal rains during 1988 and 1989 after a prolonged drought phase. The epidemic was spread ...
Vaska P L - - 1992
Sudden death in young athletes is a rare and devastating event. The most frequent causes of sudden death in this group are hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, anomalous coronary artery, and Marfan syndrome. This article describes the physiology of exercise and the pathophysiology associated with the most frequent causes as well as some ...
Dean B S - - 1992
Acquired methemoglobinemia results from the exposure to various chemicals and drugs able to oxidize hemoglobin at a rate exceeding the normal enzymatic capacity for hemoglobin reduction. Levels of methemoglobin exceeding 60-70% may be associated with coma and death. We describe a case of complete, uneventful recovery involving a 10 week-old ...
Gillette P C - - 1992
Sudden death in children as in adults is usually due to cardiac disease. Sudden death in the pediatric population may be divided into the sudden infant death syndrome, sudden death in previously apparently healthy children, and sudden death in patients with known cardiac disease. The sudden infant death syndrome is ...
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