Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 915
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Cheah F C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether intravenous infusion of low dose of streptokinase was effective in lysing umbilical arterial catheter (UAC)-associated aortic thrombi. METHOD: A prospective cohort study of 31 consecutive newborn infants with UAC-associated aortic thrombi which were detected by abdominal ultrasonography after removal of UAC. Twenty-two infants were treated with ...
Konen E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of the juxtaphrenic peak after upper lobectomy in a large number of consecutive patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Available chest radiographs of 172 of 199 sequential patients who had undergone upper lobectomy in a university hospital were evaluated for the ...
Zecca E - - 2001
This study evaluates the effects of early administration of dexamethasone on left ventricle dimensions and their clinical significance in preterm infants. Fifty preterm infants with birth weight < or = 1250 g and gestational age < or = 30 weeks were randomly assigned after 72 hours of life to the ...
Hosono S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effects of an increase in glucose infusion rate of 2 mg/kg per min from the basal infusion rate on the prevention of hypoglycemia in very low-birthweight (VLBW) infants, following indomethacin therapy for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). METHODS: Forty VLBW infants with PDA were given indomethacin 0.2 ...
Kalis N N NN Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Stellenbosch, Western Cape, South - - 2001
The incidence of persistent patency of the ductus arteriosus (PDA) is inversely related to birth weight. A PDA contributes to pathological conditions in the neonate and timely closure in these low-L birth-L weight infants could potentially prevent these complications. Prostaglandin inhibition with indomethacin is one treatment strategy currently available. This ...
Kondo M - - 2001
AIM: To investigate the relation between gestational age, birth weight, and antenatal corticosteroid administration and the time of ductus venosus closure. METHODS: Ninety eight neonates of 30-41 weeks gestational age were studied by daily ultrasonography until ductus venosus closure. RESULTS: In neonates of 30-33 weeks gestational age, the ductus venosus ...
Niinikoski H - - 2001
In many very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants the ductus arteriosus fails to close spontaneously, and they subsequently develop signs and symptoms of poor tissue perfusion and heart failure. This study evalutes the results of early surgical closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). We retrospectively reviewed the records of all 101 VLBW infants ...
Kajino H - - 2001
Permanent closure of the full-term newborn ductus arteriosus (DA) occurs only if profound hypoxia develops within the vessel wall during luminal obliteration. We used fetal and newborn baboons and lambs to determine why the immature DA fails to remodel after birth. When preterm newborns were kept in a normoxic range ...
Loveday B P - - 2001
Active counterpositioning and orthotic helmets are the two main nonsurgical management options for positional plagiocephaly. The purpose of this study was to compare these two management regimens. We included a random sample of infants referred between January 1, 1998 and October 31, 1999 to Middlemore Hospital and Auckland Surgical Center, ...
Schmidt B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The prophylactic administration of indomethacin reduces the frequency of patent ductus arteriosus and severe intraventricular hemorrhage in very-low-birth-weight infants (those with birth weights below 1500 g). Whether prophylaxis with indomethacin confers any long-term benefits that outweigh the risks of drug-induced reductions in renal, intestinal, and cerebral blood flow is ...
Browning J - - 2001
PURPOSE: To determine whether constriction of proximal arterial vessels precedes involution of the distal hyaloid vasculature in the mouse, under normal conditions, and whether this vasoconstriction is less pronounced when the distal hyaloid network persists, as it does in oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR). METHODS: Photomicrographs of the vasa hyaloidea propria were ...
Suzumura H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of diastolic pulmonary flow velocity determined by echocardiography in the assessment of symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (sPDA) in preterm infants has not been confirmed. METHODS: Echocardiography was performed daily in infants ranging from 23 to 31 gestational weeks of age, and diastolic flow velocity of the left ...
Ananthasubramaniam K - - 2001
Congenital heart disease in adults is a rapidly growing field, with many operated and unoperated infants and children surviving into adulthood. Patent ductus arteriosus is an example of a congenital cardiac defect, which may enable patients to survive well into adulthood without prior recognition or correction before symptoms arise. This ...
Pladys P - - 2001
AIM: To test the association between early disturbances in hemodynamics induced by left-to-right shunting through the duct and cystic periventricular leucomalacia. PATIENTS: Forty-six preterm infants (27-32 wk) admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit with risk criteria. METHODS: Patent ductus arteriosus was evaluated on days 1 and 4, and was ...
Knight D B - - 2001
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common problem in very preterm infants. It results in a significant left-to-right shunt and an increase in left ventricular output. Pulmonary compliance can be reduced. Systemic effects result from the diastolic steal and retrograde diastolic blood flow. Randomized controlled trials of PDA closure fall ...
Ojala R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether perinatal indomethacin treatment has effects on the development of esophageal and gastric lesions in preterm infants and to evaluate other potential etiologic factors behind these lesions. METHODS: Sixty-nine infants were born at less than 33 weeks' gestation. Forty-five of these ...
Van Overmeire B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare efficacy and side effects of early versus late indomethacin treatment for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in premature infants. METHODS: One hundred twenty-seven neonates receiving ventilatory assistance (gestational age: 26-31 weeks) with PDA confirmed by echocardiography were randomly assigned in a prospective multicenter trial to either early (day ...
Holmström H - - 2001
The main purpose of this study was to investigate whether circulating natriuretic peptides in premature infants reflect the hemodynamic significance of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). The study comprises 120 examinations in 55 premature infants with a mean gestational age of 27.2 wk and a mean birthweight of 933 g. ...
Withagen M I - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of prolongation of pregnancy on neonatal outcome by means of hemodynamic treatment in patients with early-onset preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case-controlled study of 222 liveborn infants of patients with early-onset (24--31 weeks) preeclampsia, who underwent temporizing hemodynamic treatment. Of the two control groups of ...
Fugelseth D - - 2001
The aim of this study was to investigate if an open ductus venosus representing a portal-caval shunt can lead to transient "alimentary galactosaemia" in preterm infants fed human breast milk. Twenty-six preterm infants (28-34 wk of gestational age) with open ductus venosus were included. Capillary blood samples for measurement of ...
Semama D S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Cisapride administration for 48 hours has been shown to increase heart rate corrected QT (QTc) interval in preterm neonates. Accumulation of the drug because of liver enzyme immaturity has been suggested to be the reason. If this is correct, a longer survey of QTc interval should disclose an increase ...
Khalaf M N - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is frequently a benign condition in infancy with spontaneous resolution. In the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), however, it can add to neonatal morbidity if not adequately diagnosed and treated. The objective of the current study was to analyze factors associated with GER in infants in ...
Driver C P - - 2001
To evaluate the effect of a delay in closure of the abdominal wall (AWC) on outcome in the management of gastroschisis, a retrospective analysis of 91 babies admitted over a 7-year period (1992-1998) to a single neonatal surgical unit with a diagnosis of gastroschisis was carried out. Antenatal diagnosis was ...
Koehne P S - - 2001
AIMS: To evaluate complications of surgical and pharmacological treatment of symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Of 931 VLBW infants consecutively admitted 1987-1998, a significant PDA prompted first-choice treatment by indomethacin in 101 infants, and surgery in 55 infants. PDA closed or ...
Hammerman C - - 2001
The ductus arteriosus is a vascular channel which, although vital to the fetal circulation, rapidly becomes unnecessary and even deleterious after birth. As such, it is 'preprogrammed' to constrict within the first few hours of life. In infants born prematurely this natural closure is often delayed and/or ineffective. In this ...
Brion L P - - 2001
Lung edema may complicate respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants. The aim of this review was to assess the risks and benefits of diuretic administration in preterm infants with RDS. We used the standard search method of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group. We searched Medline, Embase and the Cochrane ...
Bell E F - - 2001
Most premature infants are not sufficiently mature physiologically to take all of their required water and nutrients orally, and so they cannot regulate their own water intake. Thus, the caregiver must determine the amount of water to be given each day to such infants. The objective of this review is ...
Takahashi K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Recently, balloon angioplasty (BA) has been used for the treatment of coarctation of the aorta (CoA) and the effectiveness of this treatment has been reported. However, the restenosis rate following BA in native CoA in the infant is high and the cause may be related to tissue properties at ...
Dunaway K K - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of enoxaparin to treat suspected thrombosis in a preterm neonate. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 29-week-gestation white infant with a family history of protein S deficiency lost color and blood flow to the right hand several hours after removal of the umbilical artery catheter. Although normal color ...
Davies C R - - 2000
A household vector control trial was carried out in the Peruvian Andes to measure the effect of spraying inside walls and ceilings with lambda-cyhalothrin on the risk for residents of cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania peruviana. The mortality rates of Lutzomyia verrucarum measured with WHO contact bioassay cones set on ...
Chandler J G - - 2000
This study explores the added effect of extended saphenofemoral junction (SFJ) ligation when the greater saphenous vein (GSV) has been eliminated from participating in thigh reflux by means of endovenous obliteration. GSV obliteration, unlike surgical stripping, can be done with or without SFJ ligation to isolate and study SFJ ligation's ...
Dani C - - 2000
The aim of our study was to evaluate whether the prophylactic use of ibuprofen would reduce the incidence of significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and to confirm the effectiveness of ibuprofen as rescue treatment in closing PDA. Eighty preterm infants with gestational age less than 34 wk with infant respiratory ...
Bos A F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine in preterm infants with a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) the effect of indomethacin treatment on spontaneous motor activity. STUDY DESIGN: Motor activity was assessed from repeated videotape recordings in 32 preterm infants (</=33 weeks gestation). Sixteen infants required indomethacin therapy for treatment of PDA, 16 were control ...
Abolfotouh M A - - 2000
The aim of this study was to study the pattern of deafness among boys of Al-Amal Institutes for the Deaf in Abha, the capital city of Asir Region, Southwestern Saudi Arabia. All students (n=155) were subjected to full otoscopic and audiometric examinations, and the type and degree of deafness were ...
Van Overmeire B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Indomethacin is the conventional treatment for hemodynamically important patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants. However, its use is associated with various side effects. In a prospective study, we compared ibuprofen and indomethacin with regard to efficacy and safety for the early treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants. ...
Lin T W - - 2000
Pulmonary hemorrhage is a serious complications in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). We undertook a 2-year retrospective study to investigate the predisposing factors and the incidence of pulmonary hemorrhage in VLBW infants. From January 1997 through December 1998, twenty infants were diagnosed with massive pulmonary hemorrhage (MPH) ...
Templeman C L - - 2000
A laparoscopic approach was used in four infants with antenatally diagnosed ovarian cysts requiring surgical intervention. Operating time ranged from 60 to 90 minutes, there were no intraoperative or postoperative complications, and all infants were discharged within 23 hours after surgery. If performed by experienced practitioners, microendoscopy is an alternative ...
Ballotta E - - 2000
To compare the clinical outcome and restenosis incidence of patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy with patch closure (CEAP) on one side and carotid eversion endarterectomy (CEE) on the other. Although a few investigators have compared the results of CEAP versus CEE, no reports have compared the outcome of CEAP versus ...
Minkes R K - - 2000
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Gastroschisis traditionally is managed by emergency operating room closure (EC), with a silo reserved for cases that cannot be closed primarily. The authors recently began using routine insertion of a SILASTIC (Dow Corning, Midland, MI) spring-loaded silo (SLS), followed by elective closure. METHODS: A total of 43 consecutive neonates ...
Couser R J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Previous reports have suggested that prophylactic indomethacin decreases cerebral blood flow and may play a role in the development of ischemic brain injury and developmental handicaps. OBJECTIVE: To assess the neurodevelopmental outcome of subjects at 36 months' corrected age (CA) who, as low-birth-weight infants, received prophylactic low-dose indomethacin within ...
Schwarze R - - 2000
To study the therapy, efficacy and safety of fluconazole in candidal mycoses during neonatal phase and infancy a case review in 53 newborns and infants was performed. The majority of these patients were premature with a median birth weight of 1120 g and born within gestational week 23-38. The median ...
Brown R - - 2000
In a 23-week fetus with a large left-sided pleural effusion a double pigtail pleuro-amniotic shunt was inserted uneventfully. A healthy infant was delivered at 38 weeks' gestation. One end of the shunt was in the thoracic cavity but the other end was found wrapped around the upper arm resulting in ...
Robinson B V - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short and intermediate term results of infants who have undergone balloon aortic valvotomy from the carotid arterial approach, and to identify risk factors in those infants who had a poor outcome. METHODS: Between 1988 and 1999, balloon aortic valvotomy was ...
Trevisanuto D - - 2000
Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) represents a sensitive and specific marker of ischemic myocardial damage in adult and neonatal populations. The aim of this study was to detect the potential ischemic effect of persistent patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and indomethacin treatment on the coronary vascular bed by measuring cTnT concentrations. cTnT ...
Riggs T - - 2000
Our hypotheses were that the following factors influenced closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs) detected in neonates: estimated gestational age (EGA), the presence of a persistent ductus arteriosus (PDA), severity of pulmonary disease, gender, and the initial size of the ASD. Our population consisted of 82 newborns (38 premature and ...
Tóth-Heyn P - - 2000
The healthy term, and particularly the premature infant, is born with a very low glomerular filtration rate (GFR), controlled by a delicate balance of intrarenal vasoconstrictor and vasodilator forces. Vasoactive disturbances can easily further reduce the already low GFR. The newborn infant is thus prone to develop vasomotor nephropathy (VMNP) ...
Baumgart S - - 2000
There are five problem schemas presented in this article that indicate potential contradictions in therapeutic goals: (1) shock and edema presenting upon premature birth; (2) the hyperosmolar state, problematic in patients less than 750 g birth weight; (3) the respiratory distress syndrome and respiratory failure, often complicated by patent ductus ...
Oguz D - - 2000
We report a 5-month-old infant with severe growth retardation who was exposed to in utero warfarin for the first 4 months. She had a dysmorphic face with depressed nasal hypoplasia and low-set ears. Cranial computerized tomography revealed bifrontal atrophy, agenesis of corpus callosum, and dilation of lateral ventricles. In addition ...
Narayanan M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Permanent closure of the ductus arteriosus (DA) requires both effective muscular constriction to block luminal blood flow and anatomic remodeling to prevent later reopening. OBJECTIVE: We examined the role of prophylactic indomethacin in producing permanent DA closure and the mechanism by which this occurs. METHODS: We studied 2 separate ...
Ojala R - - 2000
To evaluate the incidence of neonatal complications among infants exposed to indomethacin antenatally, postnatally or both ante-and postnatally (combined), the records of 240 infants of gestational ages between 23 to 32 weeks were analysed retrospectively. Antenatal indomethacin treatment for longer than 2 days with a daily or cumulative dosage >/=150 ...
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