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Results 201 - 250 of 917
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Roberts Philip P Department of Paediatric Cardiology, John Raddcliffe Hospital, Oxford, - - 2007
When medical treatment of a symptomatic arterial duct in a preterm infant fails, management is surgical. 10 preterm neonates referred to a tertiary cardiac centre for treatment of a symptomatic patent arterial duct who underwent cardiac catheterisation with the intention of device closure. Successful catheter device closure of the arterial ...
Linnane Barry - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A flexible bronchoscope typically gets its designated size from the diameter of the distal tip but this is not the maximum diameter of the insertion tube. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the size and site of the maximum diameter of flexible bronchoscope insertion tubes and ...
Costa Simonetta - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of an incomplete course of antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) on neonatal morbidity and mortality of preterm infants. METHODS: Preterm infants born at 25-34 weeks' gestational age between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 2003 were included in this study. Studied infants were divided in two groups: ...
Patole S K - - 2007
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), especially PDA with sepsis, has been reported as a risk factor for feed intolerance in preterm neonates. In this study, the start to full feeds interval was found to be longest in preterm neonates (<or=28 weeks' gestation) with sepsis, followed by that in preterm neonates with ...
Paquette L L USC Division of Neonatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA. - - 2006
Dexamethasone or indomethacin predisposes very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates to spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP). However, no study has specifically investigated the role of the concurrent use of indomethacin and dexamethasone in SIP. To test whether the concurrent use of indomethacin and dexamethasone increases the risk of SIP. In this ...
Bellini Carlo - - 2006
Patent ductus arteriosus is one of the most common congenital abnormalities found in premature infants. Ibuprofen, a nonsteroidal drug that is commonly used as an antipyretic, analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent, is also used to induce closure of symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants. Recently, we gave L-lysine ibuprofen to ...
Klok R M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: An increase of therapeutic substitution after patent expiry might have a negative effect on cost-savings generated with newly introduced generic drugs. To evaluate influences of patent expiry on therapeutic substitution, switch behaviour before and after patent expiry was investigated. AIM: To describe proton pump inhibitor use and investigate substitution ...
Bengtsson B-O S - - 2006
A preterm male infant with a patent ductus arteriosus developed neutropenia during treatment with indomethacin. Afterward, the mother described her own history of indomethacin-associated neutropenia. During the recovery from the neutropenia, the infant became septic with bacteremia caused by Enterobacter cloacae. Although indomethacin-related neutropenia has been described in adults, no ...
Schmidt Barbara - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in subgroups of infants with and without patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) who were randomized to indomethacin prophylaxis or placebo, and to examine whether adverse drug effects on edema formation and oxygenation may explain why indomethacin prophylaxis does not reduce BPD. STUDY ...
Valverde Eva - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Early postnatal adaptation to transitional circulation in low birth weight infants frequently is associated with low blood pressure and decreased blood flow to organs. Catecholamines have been used widely as treatment, despite remarkably little empirical evidence on the effects of vasopressor/inotropic support on circulation and on clinically important outcomes ...
Soldado F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to reproduce severe forms of extremity amniotic bands, which result in amputation or severe lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Right limbs of 5 60-day gestational age pregnant sheep were ligated with silk suture at the infracondylar level. Left limbs were used for paired comparison. The ...
Koch Josh - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Ductus arteriosus (DA) closure occurs within 96 hours in >95% of neonates >1500 g in birth weight (BW). The prevalence and postnatal age of spontaneous ductal closure in neonates < or =1000 g in BW (extremely low birth weight [ELBW] neonates) remain unclear, as does the incidence of failure ...
Teixeira Lilian S - - 2006
Failure of ductal closure is common in extremely low birth weight infants with significant postnatal morbidities from both pulmonary overcirculation (i.e. chronic lung disease) and/or systemic hypoperfusion (i.e. necrotizing enterocolitis). Early clinical signs of a hemodymanically significant ductus may be non-specific (i.e. hypotension, increasing ventilator requirements, metabolic acidosis) necessitating early ...
González-Arjona Domingo - - 2006
The volatile congener analysis of 52 commercialized whiskeys (24 samples of single malt Scotch whiskey, 18 samples of bourbon whiskey, and 10 samples of Irish whiskey) was carried out by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry after liquid-liquid extraction with dichloromethane. Pattern recognition procedures were applied for discrimination of different whiskey categories. Multivariate ...
Attridge J T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) is increasingly common in the premature infant and has been demonstrated to be associated with early postnatal administration of glucocorticoids and indomethacin. Before survival of the extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infant, SIP was thought to be a rare, congenitally acquired disease sporadically affecting the ...
Ekici Filiz - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants, and the results of the intravenous indomethacine treatment and surgery. METHODS: Among 394 preterm infants (<37 weeks), symptomatic PDA was diagnosed by echocardiography in 51 babies and they were examined retrospectively. All infants were managed conservatively ...
Francalanci Paola - - 2006
Closure of the ductus arteriosus (DA) is due to functional constriction followed by wall remodeling, with neointimal formation caused by proliferation and migration of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) from the media to subendothelium. CD44 is a surface cell proteoglycan family. Its isoform, CD44-v6, is only minimally expressed in SMCs in ...
Lu Chun-Wei - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To find a noninvasive method to detect coarctation of the aorta (CoA) in the presence of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in neonates. STUDY DESIGN: From 1994 to 1998, 36 neonates with CoA and PDA confirmed by surgery or cardiac catheterization were studied; another 19 neonates with isolated PDA ...
Zupancic John A F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incremental cost-effectiveness of indomethacin prophylaxis in extremely low birth weight infants enrolled in the Trial of Indomethacin Prophylaxis in Preterms (TIPP). STUDY DESIGN: Participants in this economic evaluation were 428 infants enrolled at 9 Canadian TIPP centres. The study took a third-party payer perspective. Prior to ...
Jaillard Sophie - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Surgical closure of ductus arteriosus is commonly indicated in premature newborns. The aim of this study was to assess short-term and mid-term effects of delayed surgical closure of the ductus arteriosus on respiratory and digestive outcome in extremely preterm infants. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 58 infants less than 28 ...
Attridge J T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine discharge outcomes of extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW) with spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP). STUDY DESIGN: A single-center retrospective cohort study of all ELBW infants admitted to the University of Virginia neonatal intensive care unit between July 1996 and June 2004. RESULTS: We found 35 patients with ...
Lee Lleona C L - - 2006
The patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is an important problem in premature infants. Surgical PDA ligation is usually only be considered when medical treatment has either failed or was contraindicated. The aims of our study were to determine the mortality and morbidity following patent ductus arteriosus ligation in premature infants, and ...
Vural M - - 2006
To show the effects of a single course of antenatal betamethasone on cardiac measurements and systolic functions in premature newborn infants. Seventy six newborn infants with a gestational age of 25-33 weeks were included in the study. They were first classified according to their gestational age: 25-29 weeks (n = ...
Sperandio Markus - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (sPDA) is a common problem in premature infants and can be treated effectively with intravenous indomethacin, leading to permanent ductal closure in 70% to 80% of infants. Infants who do not respond to pharmacologic closure of the duct ultimately have to undergo surgical or interventional ...
Ohlsson Arne - - 2005
To test whether indomethacin prophylaxis has sex-mediated effects on severe intraventricular hemorrhage (grade III and IV) and on long-term outcomes in extremely-low-birth-weight infants. A secondary analysis was performed in the entire "Trial of Indomethacin Prophylaxis in Preterms study" cohort. The results suggest a weak differential treatment effect of indomethacin by ...
Tan T - - 2005
Very low-birth weight infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) accompanied by severe heart failure do not respond to indomethacine therapy. It is essential to stabilize the general condition of these infants until surgical intervention. We tried to regulate the pulmonary blood flow to control congestive heart failure by administering supplemental ...
Sanjeev Sanjeev - - 2005
BACKGROUND:B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a hormone secreted by the ventricles under hemodynamic stress and congestive failure. OBJECTIVE:The objective of the present study was to evaluate whether BNP can be used as a valid screening test for the presence of a hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) in the preterm ...
Murase M - - 2006
To assess early circulatory status in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants with suspected intrauterine infections. Thirteen VLBW infants who were diagnosed with prenatal infections because of raised serum IgM at birth (infectious group), and 39 infants matched for gestational age and birth weight (control group). Echocardiographic assessments were performed consecutively ...
Küpeli Esra - - 2006
The ethyl acetate and methanol (80%) extracts obtained from 10 Seseli L. species (Apiaceae) growing in Turkey, Seseli andronakii Woron., Seseli campestre Besser, Seseli gummiferum Pall. ex Sm. subsp. corymbosum (Boiss. and Heldr.) P.H. Davis, Seseli gummiferum Pall. ex Sm. subsp. gummiferum, Seseli hartvigii Parolly and Nordt, Seseli libanotis (L.) ...
Arora R - - 2005
More than three decades have passed since the introduction of transcatheter devices for closure of patent ductus arteriosus, and many occluders have been made available since then. The ideal requirements of any procedure are a user-friendly technique, optimum success rate, no residual anomaly, minimal morbidity/mortality, and comparability or superiority to ...
Zhang Bin - - 2005
This study was to assess whether or not there was correlation between the Doppler velocity waveform of the ductus venosus (DV) and inferior vena cava (IVC). A total of 142 healthy pregnant women were enrolled and divided into three groups according to the gestational weeks at the examination time. Group ...
Hirata Yukari - - 2005
This study addressed an issue in the theory of acoustic invariance. The question was whether an invariant acoustic property exists for distinguishing Japanese single and geminate voiceless stops across rates and speakers. Four native Japanese speakers produced disyllabic words with single and geminate stops (e.g., /kako/ and /kak:o/) spoken in ...
Iwashima Satoru - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The left ventricular (LV) diastolic performance of infants who were in a stable post-treatment condition in the neonatal intensive care unit was evaluated using echocardiography. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study group comprised 55 infants (Stable infant group, SI) and the parameters of LV performance were: LV propagation velocity (Vp) ...
Allegaert Karel - - 2005
The adverse effects of nonselective cyclo-oxygenase (COX) inhibitors on the immature kidney have been described in newborn rabbits, but it is much more laborious and difficult to study its relative impact on renal function in human neonates. Amikacin clearance was therefore used as surrogate marker to study the impact of ...
Friedman S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to clarify the relationship between indomethacin tocolysis and neonatal white matter injury (WMI) in preterm infants. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of preterm infants born at 24-32 weeks who had sufficient cranial ultrasound examinations (CUS) to determine the incidence and severity of abnormalities. Infants with ...
McSwain Hugh - - 2005
An effective transcervical method for fluoroscopically guided fallopian tube occlusion has long been sought for female sterilization. The Essure permanent birth control device was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in November 2002 and is currently indicated for hysteroscopic placement. In a series of eight patients, bilateral Essure microcoils ...
Olney Clayton J - - 2005
This study was performed to test the hypothesis that sterile water gavage drip (SWGD) used in the fluid management of extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants will decrease the incidence of hypernatremia. Secondary hypotheses included decreased hyperkalemia, hyperglycemia, and hyperbilirubinemia. Sixty ELBW infants were randomized before 36 hours of age to ...
Tseng J J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the echocardiographic characteristics of isolated fetal ductus arteriosus aneurysm (DAA) and the factors influencing its development. METHODS: Fetal echocardiograms for 509 low-risk singleton pregnancies were performed longitudinally from 32 weeks of gestation. The ventricular outflow tracts and great vessels were visualized, focusing on changes in the ductus ...
Vijayalakshmi I B - - 2005
Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) by Amplatzer duct occluder is the treatment of choice. However, closure of very large ducts in infants with low weight is a challenge for the interventionalist because a large device may obstruct the aorta or left pulmonary artery. Difficulty is also encountered in ...
Loe Shanan M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and summarize the medical literature regarding the effects of tocolysis with indomethacin on neonatal outcome. DATA SOURCES: We supplemented a search of entries in electronic databases with references cited in original studies and review articles to identify studies pertaining to indomethacin tocolysis and neonatal outcome. METHODS ...
Lin Yu-Ching - - 2005
The use of valvuloplasty in low birth weight infants with valvular aortic stenosis has not been widely reported. We report a 1556 g 3-day-old female infant with complex heart disease including critical valvular aortic stenosis, bicuspid aortic valve, mitral stenosis, patent ductus arteriosus, and secundum type atrial septal defect. She ...
Flynn Patrick A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To test the utility of the bedside plasma concentration of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) assay as a screen for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in premature neonates. STUDY DESIGN: Newborn infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) had paired echocardiography and BNP measurements at enrollment and every 4 ...
Momma Kazuo - - 2005
Prostaglandin E1 is used to reopen the constricted ductus arteriosus in neonates with ductus-dependent circulation. To clarify possible prostanoid receptor agonists that can reopen the neonatal ductus with fewer side effects, we studied in vivo reopening of the neonatal ductus arteriosus by AE1-329, a prostanoid EP4-receptor agonist, in the rat. ...
Malloy Colleen Ann - - 2005
To compare the effects of beractant and poractant in neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Infants with RDS were randomized to receive beractant or poractant. The primary outcome measure was fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) requirement in the first 48 h after surfactant therapy. 58 infants completed the study. The mean ...
Lamond Nicole - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, there has been an increasing need for a reliable and practical tool for assessing fatigue-related impairment in the field. This study investigated the sensitivity of one potential tool, a 5-min version of the psychomotor vigilance task (PVT) specifically designed for use on personal digital assistants (PDA), ...
Ewert P - - 2005
Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) was one of the first interventions established in invasive cardiology and is now more than 30 years old. The challenges for successful closure with the first devices in children consisted of handling the rather large introducer sheaths and stiff application systems. Today, interventional ...
Seri Istvan - - 2005
The etiology and pathophysiology of the circulatory compromise are among the primary determinants of the clinical presentation of patients with neonatal shock. Therefore, in the absence of direct assessment of cardiac output and organ blood flow, the characteristic clinical presentation itself may guide the initial management of the circulatory compromise. ...
Doyle Nora M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Beginning in October 1995, and for several years thereafter, our institution used indomethacin as a first-line tocolytic drug. Our purpose is to compare the outcomes of very low birth weight infants who were exposed to antenatal indomethacin with those who were not exposed to this therapy. STUDY DESIGN: We ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2005
The authors present three cases of infants born with myelodysplasia. Each infant underwent closure of a myelomeningocele and within 2 to 4 days placement of a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt. In each case, on opening the peritoneal cavity, the authors observed egress of a dark or creamy dark fluid. None of ...
Brooks J M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is widely practised in preterm infants despite no clear evidence that this improves outcomes. Geographical isolation meant that ductal ligation was not an option in King Edward Memorial Hospital until recently. OBJECTIVE: A retrospective data analysis to test the hypothesis that outcomes ...
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