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Kupferschmid C - - 1988
By means of probability analysis we have compared the diagnostic value of clinical symptoms, m-mode echocardiographic measurements and peripheral arterial flow, assessed by continuous-wave Doppler, in preterm infants with symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Data were obtained in 29 infants with PDA and in 29 controls. The most sensitive clinical ...
McKone R C - - 1988
In order to investigate the time of ductal closure in the premature infant, we performed multiple echocardiographic examination in each of 42 premature infants. Twenty eight of these infants had spontaneous closure of the ductus arteriosus (median date of closure--3 days). Twelve required medical or surgical closure of the ductus ...
Appleton R S - - 1988
The effect of indomethacin on systolic and diastolic cardiac function was assessed in 15 premature infants. Seven infants (group 1) received indomethacin to treat a clinically significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), and eight infants (group 2) received indomethacin prophylactically at 24 hours of age because of their high risk for ...
Kresch M J - - 1988
Several studies have shown a lack of effect of indomethacin therapy for the closure of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in premature infants over 14 days of postnatal age. In this report we describe two cases in which a hemodynamically significant PDA was closed with indomethacin in preterm infants over ...
Reller M D - - 1988
The purpose of this investigation was to assess the duration of ductal shunting after birth in healthy preterm infants (30 to 37 weeks gestational age) without evidence of respiratory distress. Thirty-six infants were evaluated in the first 12 hours of life by means of two-dimensional echocardiography and color flow Doppler ...
Hirsimäki H - - 1988
Cerebral arteriovenous fistula may cause a significant increase in cardiac output. So far, the right ventricular output measurement with conventional cardiac output methods has been difficult in newborn infants because of the shunts through the foramen ovale and patent ductus arteriosus. This difficulty can be avoided by measuring left ventricular ...
Douidar S M - - 1988
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in premature infants is a current challenge to pediatricians. Pharmacological closure of PDA with indomethacin, a prostaglandin synthetase inhibitor is an effective drug therapy, along with usual medical treatment. Administration of indomethacin may decrease mortality and morbidity (e.g. bronchopulmonary dysplasia) among very small premature infants (less ...
Pongiglione G - - 1988
In 1983, a US National Collaborative Study (NCS) proposed criteria for the diagnosis of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), but the widespread use of pulsed Doppler cross-sectional echocardiography (PD-CSE) in neonatal intensive care units has made direct assessment of the ductus ...
Palder S B - - 1987
Over a 5-year period ending June 1986, 183 premature infants with evidence of a hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) associated with cardiopulmonary compromise underwent pharmacologic and/or surgical ductal manipulation. One hundred seven infants underwent surgical ligation and 76 initially received indomethacin. The average birth weight was 10% less and ...
Vincer M - - 1987
Infants weighing 1500 g at birth requiring either intermittent positive pressure ventilation or continuous positive airway pressure by 12 hours of age were entered in a randomized double blind controlled trial to test the efficacy of early intravenous indomethacin therapy in preventing chronic pulmonary disease of prematurity. Of the 30 ...
Krueger E - - 1987
To determine the efficacy of indomethacin to prevent the occurrence of symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), a randomized clinical trial was conducted involving 32 preterm infants weighing 750 to 1500 g at birth who had hyaline membrane disease. By random assignment, 15 infants were given a single dose of indomethacin, ...
Rascher W - - 1987
Preterm infants with symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus had considerably raised plasma concentrations of atrial natriuretic peptide. Surgical ligation of the patent ductus arteriosus was associated with an immediate fall in plasma atrial natriuretic peptide concentration. Thus left to right shunting and left atrial distension may cause atrial natriuretic peptide release ...
Hiraishi S - - 1987
To elucidate the mechanism involved in closure of the ductus arteriosus (DA), 50 normal full-term infants were examined with two-dimensional and pulsed Doppler echocardiography. The examinations were performed initially within 1 hour after delivery and serially for 3 days. The two-dimensionally derived long-axis plane of the DA disclosed a characteristic ...
Nashef S A - - 1987
Over a period of four years (1981 through 1984), 3 infants with aortic origin of the right pulmonary artery were seen in our surgical unit. Two infants had a persistent ductus arteriosus, which arose from the left subclavian artery in 1 of them who also had a right-sided aortic arch. ...
Drayton M R - - 1987
A volumetric Doppler technique was used to measure net ductus arteriosus shunt during the first 48 hours of life in 30 infants of less than 33 weeks' gestation, and in 10 full term infants. In the full term infants a left to right shunt of 62 ml/kg/minute (95% confidence limits ...
Cotton R B - - 1987
When left-to-right shunting through the ductus arteriosus contributes to respiratory distress of the newborn premature infant, the condition is termed generally as symptomatic PDA. The physiologic setting of this condition and its definition are considered first in this article. Subsequent sections detail the incidence of symptomatic PDA and predisposing risk ...
Di Lorenzo M - - 1987
Between January 1, 1971 and December 31, 1985, 59 cases of gastroschisis were treated at Hôpital Sainte-Justine in Montreal. In the period before 1978, 6 of 19 patients (31.6%) were closed primarily at the time of surgery and 13 of 19 patients (68.4%) had silon pouch closure. After 1978, 33 ...
Mellander M - - 1987
To investigate whether the development of symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus could be predicted, 26 preterm infants dependent on mechanical ventilation were examined daily with Doppler and M-mode echocardiography until 3 days after birth. The presence or absence of a hemodynamically significant ductus shunt, as judged from echocardiographic criteria, was tested ...
Szymonowicz W - - 1987
The effect of severe pre-eclampsia on the outcome of infants of very low birth weight was studied in a prospective case control study of 35 pairs of infants of comparable gestation. Significantly more infants were delivered before the onset of labour and by caesarean section in the group with pre-eclampsia. ...
Weesner K M - - 1987
Early treatment of premature infants with indomethacin has been proposed as a means of reducing the morbidity associated with respiratory distress syndrome complicated by symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus. We identified 26 infants less than 48 hours old with severe respiratory distress syndrome who had an asymptomatic patent ductus arteriosus. These ...
Rao P S - - 1987
Six infants with coarctation of the aorta underwent percutaneous balloon angioplasty over a 6-month period ending July 1985. These infants had associated cardiac defects including aortic stenosis, ventricular septal defect, and patent ductus arteriosus. Catheters used carried 5 to 10 mm balloons; 4 to 8 atm pressure was applied for ...
Tsai M Y - - 1987
Prenatal maternal glucocorticoid treatment has been reported to reduce the incidence of patent ductus arteriosus in prematurely born infants. Patency of the ductus arteriosus is thought to be maintained primarily by the vasodilatory effect of PGE2 both in utero and in prematurely born infants, and lung is a major source ...
Palatianos G M - - 1987
During a 12-year-period, 33 infants 4 days to 1 year old underwent 36 operations for treatment of coarctation of the aorta. Associated cardiac anomalies were present in 27 infants (81.8%). All patients presented with congestive heart failure and underwent cardiac catheterization and aortography. Resection was performed in 11 infants, patch ...
Leonhardt A - - 1987
Indomethacin treatment for 1 week monitored by drug level determinations was evaluated in 32 preterm infants with symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (sPDA). Inter- and intra-individual indomethacin dispositions varied considerably with the need for marked dosage adjustments to maintain the drug level within the proposed therapeutic range. The overall success rate ...
Ramsay J M - - 1987
The purposes of this study were to examine the response of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) to indomethacin, using serial two-dimensional and pulsed Doppler echocardiographic studies, and to correlate the response to treatment with serum indomethacin levels. Nineteen preterm infants (gestational age, 26 to 31 weeks [mean, 28 weeks]; weight, ...
Morin F C FC - - 1987
There is in vitro evidence that the ductus venosus of the fetal and newborn lamb relaxes to administration of E-series prostaglandins. We performed this study to determine whether the ductus venosus of the newborn lamb could be reopened by an infusion of prostaglandin E1. Fifteen lambs between 4 and 28 ...
Szymonowicz W - - 1987
A prospective study on 150 infants with a birthweight of 1250 g or less was carried out to investigate the effects of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), haemorrhagic pulmonary oedema (HPO), Indomethacin therapy and surgical ligation on the development of periventricular haemorrhage (PVH) or the extension of pre-existing PVH. The incidence ...
Hammerman C - - 1987
Prophylactic closure of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has been recommended as a means of decreasing early respiratory distress, and thereby chronic respiratory sequelae in the very low birth weight (VLBW) neonate. This study was undertaken to evaluate some possible mechanisms for the observed failure of early indomethacin therapy to ...
Watterberg K L - - 1987
The effect of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and its therapy on the pharmacokinetic disposition of gentamicin in very low birth weight neonates was studied. Twenty-four neonates weighing less than 1,500 g with PDA were compared to 16 patients without PDA. Patients with PDA had significantly greater apparent volumes of distribution ...
Raval D - - 1987
To evaluate if chest physiotherapy is beneficial to premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) during the first 24 hours of life, 20 infants were randomly assigned to two groups; 10 infants in Group I received routine chest physiotherapy and suction, and 10 infants in Group II received suction only. ...
Achanti B - - 1987
Indomethacin (0.3 mg/kg every eight hours IV for three doses) was administered to eight infants whose postnatal ages were eight weeks or greater and who developed patent ductus arteriosus either in the late postnatal life or in the early neonatal period but persisted. In spite of maintenance of appropriate plasma ...
Hervás J A - - 1986
A female premature infant born after 27-week gestation developed a localized perforation of the terminal ileum six days after the administration of intravenous indomethacin for PDA closure. This complication has been reported after enteral and rectal administration of the drug. However, our clinical finding supports that these lesions in premature ...
Taylor R L - - 1986
Fifty-two premature infants underwent hemoclip closure of patent ductus arteriosus in the neonatal intensive care unit after a brief trial of fluid restriction and diuretics. Indomethacin was used in only four patients. The median time from diagnosis to operation was 3 days. There were no deaths directly attributable to operation. ...
Dasmahapatra H K - - 1986
Between October 1981 and December 1983 21 premature infants of mean gestational age 27.5 weeks (range 26-29 weeks) underwent surgical closure of persistent ductus arteriosus. Mean birth weight was 1080 g. There was no operative mortality. One death in an infant with pseudomonas septicaemia occurred two days after surgery. Twenty ...
Sindel B D - - 1986
We conducted a randomized, masked study of pupillary dilating capabilities and associated cardiovascular effects of three solutions. Thirty-four babies less than 1500 grams at birth were studied at six to eight weeks. Group A (n = 10) received phenylephrine (PE) 2.5% and tropicamide 1.0%; Group B (n = 10) PE ...
Davidson J M - - 1986
Elastin and collagen are the principal scleroproteins of the aortic wall, and they largely determine its physical and mechanical properties. During perinatal development of the aorta, elastin and collagen accumulate rapidly, being present as inverse gradients by the time of birth. Elastin is most prevalent in the thoracic aorta, decreasing ...
Dierauf L A - - 1986
Of 29 neonatal harbor seals that had been abandoned, separated from their mothers, or stranded in the wild, 22 succumbed during hospitalization at the California Marine Mammal Center in the spring of 1982. Compared with standard reported harbor seal pup measurements, 8 of the nonsurviving pups were premature (ie, creamy-white ...
Hallman M - - 1986
We report a randomised double blind trial of myo-inositol (inositol) supplementation for 10 days in 74 preterm infants with a birth weight less than 2000 g (mean gestational age 29.5 weeks and mean birth weight 1266 g). All infants required artificial ventilation for treatment of respiratory distress syndrome. Inositol (120-160 ...
Niebyl J R - - 1986
Forty-six infants exposed to indomethacin in utero for treatment for preterm labor were compared with infants from two control groups. In one control group the next consecutive patient treated with a tocolytic agent was used, and the other control group was formed by picking the next consecutive patient matched by ...
Julian T B - - 1986
Stapling is widely accepted in the field of pulmonary and gastrointestinal surgery. However, this has not been the case in urinary tract surgery, presumably because of the possibility of stone formation on the staples. In addressing the issue, both stainless steel staples and absorbable staples (PolysorbTM) were evaluated in 104 ...
Rosenfeld W - - 1986
Patent ductus arteriosus is common among premature neonates, especially those with birth weights less than 1,500 g. In vitro, room light inhibits the contraction of immature piglet's ductal rings. Because phototherapy is used frequently from the first days of life to treat jaundice in preterm neonates, we compared the occurrence ...
Cunningham M D - - 1986
Data from 2107 inborn premature infants monitored for hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus were used to develop means for clinically assessing at birth the risk of developing patent ductus arteriosus during the first 30 days of life. The overall 30-day incidence rates in birth weight categories 500 to 999, 1000 ...
Bell R L - - 1986
An epidemiological study was conducted to estimate the proportion of infants on total parenteral nutrition (TPN) who developed cholestasis and to identify risk factors associated with the development of this disease. Data were abstracted from medical records of 624 infants less than or equal to 30 days of age who ...
Cabal L A - - 1986
VVLBW infants pose a challenge in the management of their hemodynamic changes. Data are just accumulating regarding the hemodynamic variables in this very special group. We have described several newly developed methods of monitoring hemodynamic variables in infants less than 1000 gm. In the coming decade, some of these methods ...
Kuehl P G - - 1986
Urinary excretion of prostacyclin and thromboxane metabolites (2,3-dinor-6-ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha, thromboxane B2, and 2,3-dinor-thromboxane B2) as indices of systemic biosynthesis was prospectively determined in nine premature infants during the first 10 days of life, by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The patients ranged in gestational age from 27 to 29 weeks and ...
Hunter J G - - 1986
Mucosal proctectomy and ileoanal anastomosis is being increasingly performed on patients with familial polyposis, many of whom have undergone previous subtotal colectomy followed by endoscopic surveillance and polypectomy with monopolar electrocautery (MPEC) or, more recently, argon laser (AL). Our aim was to compare the ease of mucosal dissection following polypectomy ...
Hammerman C - - 1986
Prostaglandin (PG) levels and M-mode echocardiography were used to evaluate the severity of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in 19 premature infants. Mean 6-keto-PGF1 alpha levels in infants with more severe left-to-right shunting were significantly higher than those in infants with a moderate level of shunting (1335 +/- 763 vs. 504 ...
Knight D B - - 1986
Contrast echocardiography is a safe and accurate method of diagnosing patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in newborn infants. In this study the presence of PDA in very low birthweight infants receiving mechanical ventilation was investigated by contrast echocardiography. This was used as a basis for determining the accuracy of clinical signs ...
Rennie J M - - 1986
Indomethacin (0.2 mg/kg) or saline was given intravenously during the first 24 hours to 50 preterm infants in a double blind controlled trial. Eight of the control group later required treatment with indomethacin for clinical signs of left to right shunt, but only one in the treatment group (p = ...
Kashani I A - - 1986
We performed 138 serial two-dimensional (2-D), M-mode, and Doppler echocardiographic studies to assess the efficacy of intravenous indomethacin (INDO) therapy for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in 41 preterm infants. Nine infants expired without sufficient echo data to warrant inclusion in the study. Of the remaining 32 infants, 12 (Group 1) ...
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