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Results 551 - 600 of 916
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Saiki K - - 1992
Percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) was performed in 14 patients, including one critically ill infant with congenital valvular aortic stenosis (AS). BAV was effective in 13 patients (except the infant). The peak systolic pressure gradient between the left ventricle (LV) and the ascending aorta decreased from 76.6 +/- 21.6 to ...
Knight D B - - 1992
An overview is presented of 21 randomised controlled trials of either surgical closure of the ductus arteriosus or indomethacin therapy in preterm infants. All trials included backup treatment if the ductus arteriosus persisted. Overall, there is no significant effect on mortality or chronic lung disease. In trials treating at a ...
Robertson P A - - 1992
OBJECTIVES: This study details the incidence, by gestational age and birth weight, of specific neonatal morbidities in singleton neonates without major congenital anomalies. STUDY DESIGN: Data were prospectively collected on all deliveries at five tertiary centers in the United States during the years 1983 through 1986. Pregnancies were meticulously dated ...
Hayes A M - - 1992
Severe mechanical haemolysis occurred in a seven month old infant after the insertion of a 17 mm Rashkind double umbrella device. The placement of a second device 23 days after the initial procedure abolished haemolysis.
Upton C J - - 1992
Twenty four preterm infants (median birth weight 1120 g and gestation 29 weeks) were studied on 83 occasions by measuring upper airway airflow. Airway patency was detected by the transmission of cardiac impulse up the airway and airway closure by its absence. A total of 309 apnoeas of at least ...
Kimble C - - 1992
Nonnutritive sucking has been found to affect movement, sleep, state regulation and arousal, oxygenation, and nutrition and growth. Its quality is used as an indicator of central nervous system well-being. Speculations have been suggested about improved outcomes from respiratory distress syndrome, patent ductus arteriosus, and necrotizing enterocolitis. The possible effect ...
Singh H P - - 1992
To determine the incidence and risk factors for neonatal hypertension we studied the entire population of 3179 infants admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit over a 6-year period. We report a 0.81% (26/3179) incidence of hypertension in this population. In 13 patients (50%) the hypertension was renal in origin. ...
Grifka R G - - 1992
A patient developed hemolysis and hematuria 2 d after placement of a 12 mm Rashkind PDA occlusion device. Six days after placement, the device was snared from the ductus arteriosus and removed through a modified transseptal sheath. A 17 mm PDA occlusion device was successfully placed in the PDA, with ...
Prietsch V - - 1992
Long-term variability (LTV) of heart rate was calculated continuously by a microprocessor in 25 preterm infants undergoing indomethacin treatment for closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), in 24 preterm infants without signs of PDA, and in 10 neonates treated with prostaglandin E1 for cyanotic heart malformation. In infants with patent ...
So L Y - - 1992
Forty-one preterm infants with a mean gestational age and birthweight of 29.7 weeks and 1322 g, respectively, were treated with an enteral preparation of indomethacin for the closure of haemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus. The indomethacin was prepared by diluting the content of the commercially available 25-mg indomethacin capsule with ...
Lee L A - - 1992
The effects of the transition from fetal to postnatal circulation on left ventricular geometry, wall motion, and echocardiographic measurements of function in the human preterm infant are largely unknown. To determine whether abnormalities in left ventricular geometry are present in the normal preterm infant after birth and, if so, for ...
Dgani J - - 1992
Systolic blood pressure was measured using the Doppler technique in 149 infants who attended the neonatal follow-up clinic. One hundred and six of these infants were graduates of the neonatal intensive care unit and 81% were prematurely delivered. Most of the participants were examined only once and their postnatal age ...
van Ravenswaaij-Arts C M - - 1991
To investigate the influence of maturational and physiological factors on heart rate variability in spontaneously breathing very preterm infants (n = 29) a multiparametric study was performed during the first 3 days of life in infants born at a gestational age below 33 weeks. Four times a day, RR-intervals, respiration ...
van Ravenswaaij-Arts C M - - 1991
In a multi-parametric study the influence of pathological neonatal conditions on heart rate variability was investigated in 60 preterm infants born at a gestational age below 33 weeks. Measurements were performed during the first 3 days of life. Four times a day, RR-intervals, respiration curve and rate, transcutaneously measured blood ...
Rajadurai V S - - 1991
This study examined the response of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) to intravenous Indomethacin using serial two dimensional and Doppler echocardiography and documented the complications associated with therapy. Thirty-six preterm neonates who were oxygen and ventilator dependent were studied when they were aged 3-7 days. The PDA initially closed in ...
Mouzinho A I - - 1991
Symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (sPDA) may occur in up to 50% of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW, less than or equal to 1500 g) infants. We reported a 16% incidence in 1979-1980 in a totally inborn population, demonstrating the importance of early fluid management. Although survival of VLBW infants, especially those less than ...
Musoke R N - - 1991
During a 7 month period, April to October, 1984, 537 consecutive babies weighing upto 2000 gm were studied at the Kenyatta National Hospital's newborn unit. Of these 48 (8.9%) had murmurs suggestive of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Their mean birth weight was 1364 +/- 482 gm while the mean gestation ...
Phibbs R H - - 1991
EXOSURF is a protein-free surfactant composed of 85% dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine, 9% hexadecanol, and 6% tyloxapol by weight. A single dose of 5 mL of EXOSURF per kilogram body weight, which gave 67 mg of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine per kilogram body weight, or 5 mL/kg air was given intratracheally in each of two controlled ...
Hammerman C - - 1991
It was hypothesized that it is the concentration of PGE in the plasma which actually reaches the ductus arteriosus which determines ductal response to PGE administration. Therefore, site specific PGE levels were studied in two infants with ductus dependent congenital heart lesions who were receiving PGE1 infusions. PGE levels were ...
Satur C R - - 1991
Since 1978, 136 preterm babies received ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus as day cases. A total of 122 babies whose notes were available for review, with a median gestational age of 27 weeks (range 23-35) and median birth weight of 960 g (range 470-2750), were transported distances of up ...
Sasidharan P - - 1991
A retrospective study of 39 infants under 30 weeks' gestation was carried out to analyze the incidence, management, and morbidity resulting from symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus. Symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus developed in 21 (53.8%) infants. Eleven (52.3%) infants underwent surgical closure of the ductus. The infants in this group had ...
Charney E B - - 1991
It has frequently been cited that a delay in back closure of beyond age 48 hours in newborns with myelomeningocele is associated with an increased risk of ventriculitis. It has been suggested that antibiotic therapy prior to surgery might minimize this risk. We reviewed our experience with ventriculitis in newborns ...
Tabata H - - 1991
High-resolution chromosome analysis showed the karyotype 46,XX,del(1)(p13.3 p22.3) in a female infant with an extreme tetralogy of Fallot and multiple congenital anomalies. The patient showed characteristic features: upper and lower eyelids connected to each other by a string-like epithelium, low hairline, epicanthal folds, saddle nose with a broad, flat root, ...
Stefano J L - - 1991
The reported effects of indomethacin on pulmonary compliance are variable depending upon the patient population and on the degree to which indomethacin resulted in successful ductal closure. Eleven fluid-restricted, furosemide-treated premature infants being mechanically ventilated for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) who also had a significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) had ...
Le Guennec J C - - 1991
A prospective longitudinal study was conducted in 14 premature infants intubated and receiving ventilatory support from birth, in order to evaluate the levels of prostaglandins E2 (PGE2) and thromboxane B2 (TxB2) in the tracheal lavage fluids (TLF) after treatment with indomethacin. Eight were treated with indomethacin, a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, for ...
Houston A B - - 1991
A clinically undetectable, small ductus arteriosus was identified by Doppler ultrasonography in 21 individuals. Infants were excluded from the study and no patient had pulmonary hypertension. Persistence of the ductus arteriosus is likely to be more common than shown by less sensitive diagnostic methods. Some patients considered to have infective ...
Shenoi A - - 1991
Twenty cases of symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm inborn infants were studied retrospectively. The diagnostic criteria were a systolic or a systolodiastolic murmur, tachycardia (greater than 160 per minute), hyperdynamic precordium, collapsing arterial pulses, cardiomegaly or a need for intermittent positive pressure ventilation or continuous distending airway pressure. ...
Perez-Reyes M - - 1991
To investigate whether the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) indomethacin antagonized the effects of marihuana, an exploratory single-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted. Subjects (n = 4) smoked marihuana after pre-treatment with placebo and indomethacin. The subjective rating of marihuana "high", heart rate, word recall, time estimation/production, and plasma concentrations of THC ...
Sciolaro C - - 1991
The definitive surgical procedure for correction of aortic coarctation remains controversial. Therefore, we retrospectively reviewed a total of 56 children under 4 years of age with coarctation repair between 1977 and 1986. Thirty-four had the subclavian flap angioplasty technique and 22 had resection with oblique end-to-end anastomosis. The group was ...
Eronen M - - 1991
To study the effect of maternal indomethacin or nylidrine hydrochloride treatment on the fetus ductus arteriosus and the pulmonary artery, 27 women with threatened preterm labor between 24 and 34 weeks' gestation were studied by echocardiography. Fourteen women were treated with indomethacin and 13 with nylidrin. Both systolic and diastolic ...
Hiraishi S - - 1991
Interatrial shunt flow profiles in 36 normal term infants were examined serially by colour flow and pulsed Doppler echocardiographic techniques from within an hour of birth to four or five days after birth. Shunt flow across the foramen ovale was detected in 33 normal infants (92%) within an hour of ...
Ring-Mrozik E - - 1991
This analysis concerns three groups of malformations: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, patent ductus arteriosus, and oesophageal atresia. We registered a total mortality rate for all congenital diaphragmatic hernias and defects of 28.5%; the rate in full-term neonates was 27.6% and in premature infants 33.6%. Of 65 infants with a patent ductus ...
Cotton R B - - 1991
Seven of 36 premature infants with birth weight less than 1,250 g who had been randomly assigned to either high-frequency ventilatory ventilation or conventional mechanical ventilation developed symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) after receiving prophylactic indomethacin, 0.2 mg/kg, i.v. 24 h after birth. Infants who developed symptomatic PDA were more ...
Menahem S - - 1991
Two infants were delivered by urgent Caesarean section at 34 weeks because of fetal distress. One rapidly developed severe cardiac failure and the other marked cyanosis. Their mothers had been prescribed indomethacin and mefenamic acid (Ponstan) to treat premature onset of labour and chronic polyhydramnios, respectively. Both infants had duct-dependent ...
Balsan M J - - 1991
We examined the effect of a clinically detectable patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and its successful treatment with indomethacin on serial measures of pulmonary mechanics in 10 very-low-birthweight (VLBW) intubated infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Pulmonary mechanics were measured by the passive expiratory flow technique. Total respiratory system compliance (Crs) ...
Zanardo V - - 1991
From January 1987 to December 1989, prematures with RDS weighing 1750 g or less admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unite (NICU) were submitted from the third postnatal day to serial two-dimensional and pulsed Doppler (ATL MK 600) echocardiographic evaluation for "silent" patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). PDA was diagnosed in ...
Ward K E - - 1990
During a recent 5-year period, 74 patients younger than 6 months of age were diagnosed with coarctation of the aorta. Coarctation was correctly diagnosed in only 22% of patients prior to referral despite readily apparent femoral pulse abnormalities in 86%. Infants whose symptoms were detected between 5 and 14 days ...
Hammerman C - - 1990
We tested the hypothesis that prolonged maintenance indomethacin therapy would allow more effective closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and thereby decrease the recurrence rate. Thirty-nine low birthweight neonates (less than 1500 gm) with confirmed PDA were randomly assigned in a double-blind fashion to receive standard indomethacin therapy (three doses), ...
Baerts W - - 1990
The incidence and type of cerebral lesions in 159 infants born before 30 weeks gestation were studied, using ultrasound. Indomethacin was given as part of tocolytic management to mothers with a high incidence of early rupture of membranes and preterm labour; and 76 fetuses were exposed to the drug as ...
Ichihashi K - - 1990
Using Doppler echocardiography we evaluated the effect of ductal shunt flow on the cerebral and abdominal arterial blood flow in 25 preterm infants. Eligible for inclusion in this study were healthy preterm newborn infants. They were divided into two groups based on their gestational age: group A, 33-36 weeks (15 ...
Kroovand R L - - 1990
To determine the effect of back closure on the detrusor-external sphincter coordination, we reviewed the medical records of 40 neonates with myelodysplasia studied prospectively with urodynamic assessment and renal ultrasonography before closure of the spinal defect, within 7 days of closure and at 3-month intervals thereafter. Only 31 of the ...
Cohan R H - - 1990
The authors report four large-volume (greater than 20-mL) extravasations in adults and one intermediate-volume (18-mL) extravasation in an infant of iopamidol, a nonionic contrast medium, that occurred during dynamic enhanced computed tomography. The largest volume that extravasated (in two patients) was 150 mL. Although all five patients initially had swelling, ...
Reller M D - - 1990
Previous studies evaluating the incidence of patent ductus arteriosus have not made a distinction between physiologic ductal patency and abnormally persistent ductus arteriosus. However, it has recently been shown that healthy premature infants without respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) undergo spontaneous closure of the ductus arteriosus in the first 4 days ...
Marino B - - 1990
We report clinical, angiocardiographic, and anatomic findings of an infant with ventricular inversion (atrioventricular discordance) and truncus arteriosus. The patient was in congestive heart failure and the injections into the left ventricle, right ventricle, and truncus arteriosus allowed a precise diagnosis. The autopsy confirmed this very unusual combination of anomalies ...
Edwards A D - - 1990
Near infrared spectroscopy was used to investigate the effects of intravenously administered indomethacin (0.1-0.2 mg/kg) on cerebral haemodynamics and oxygen delivery in 13 very preterm infants treated for patent ductus arteriosus. 7 infants received indomethacin by rapid injection (30 s) and 6 by slow infusion (20-30 min). In all the ...
Blatz S - - 1990
The etiology of renal failure in the newborn infant is multifactorial. The increasing survival of low-birthweight infants and the aggressive drug management of pathophysiological disease states such as pulmonary hypertension and patent ductus arteriosus has resulted in an increase in the number of infants presenting with acute renal failure. Experience ...
Schuster V - - 1990
We describe a preterm infant with severe idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome (iRDS, hyaline membrane disease) who needed artificial ventilation with high inspiratory pressure, high frequencies, 100% oxygen and developed a symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (sPDA) in the course of the disease. The infant was given indomethacin to induce constriction of ...
Hirsimäki H - - 1990
The hemodynamics and patency of ductus arteriosus (PDA) in 51 infants were examined clinically and by echocardiography during the first or second day of life. Gestational ages ranged from 27 to 41 wk (34.0 +/- 3.6); birth weights ranged from 1070 to 4320 g (2256 +/- 923). Ductal flow was ...
Shortland D B - - 1990
The diagnosis of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) was determined by Doppler examinations of the descending aorta and/or main trunk of the pulmonary artery in a cohort of 120 preterm infants. 55 per cent of the infants had Doppler echocardiographic evidence of ductal patency on the first day of life and ...
Desmadryl G - - 1990
The development of vestibular afferent innervation patterns was studied by labeling the peripheral terminations between gestation day 17 and postnatal day 10. Extracellular injections of horseradish peroxidase were performed into vestibular ganglia in mouse otocysts maintained in vitro for several hours. At gestation days 17 and 18, the afferent innervation ...
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