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Yeneabat Tebikew - - 2014
Exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) is the practice of feeding only breast milk (including expressed breast milk) during the first six months and no other liquids and solid foods except medications. The time to cessation of exclusive breast-feeding, however, is different in different countries depending on different factors. Studies showed the risk ...
Cooper Sue S Division of Primary Care, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The SNAP (Smoking and Nicotine in Pregnancy) trial compared nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) patches with placebo in pregnant smokers; although NRT doubled cessation rates in the first 4 weeks, by delivery no differences in maternal smoking or birth outcomes were noted. As a result, NRT used in standard doses during ...
Mergener Michelle M Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
this study intends to provide a quick, easy, and inexpensive way to assess nuclear abnormalities such as micronuclei and bud frequencies; binucleated, karyorrhectic, karyolytic, pycnotic, and condensed chromatin cells in nasal scrapings of infants, which are particularly important for conducting genotoxic studies related to the inhaled atmosphere in pediatric populations. ...
King Christian C Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, - - 2014
This paper estimates the effects of higher cigarette prices and smoke-free policies on the prevalence of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Using a panel of developed countries over a 20 year period, we find that higher cigarette prices are associated with reductions in the prevalence of SIDS. However, we find ...
Hawsawi Abdulrhman M AM Department of Applied Health Sciences, College of Nursing, Health, and Human Services, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana, - - 2014
Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) during pregnancy may have adverse effects on the mother and infant. This study investigates the association of maternal exposure to SHS with low birthweight (LBW) in infants. Smoking during pregnancy has been linked to multiple complications for both mother and infant. To examine association of ...
Ali Kamal K King's College London, Division of Asthma, Allergy and Lung Biology, MRC Centre for Allergic Mechanisms in Asthma, London, United Kingdom ; - - 2014
Rationale: Infants of mothers who smoked (S) or substance misused (SM) during pregnancy have an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Objectives: To test the hypothesis that infants of S and SM mothers compared to infants of non substance misusing, non-smoking mothers (controls) would have a reduced ventilatory ...
Hawkins Summer Sherburne SS Graduate School of Social Work (Hawkins), Boston College, Chestnut Hill. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although prior studies have shown disparities in maternal health behaviors according to race/ethnicity and acculturation, whether these patterns are evident among new immigrant populations remains unclear. To examine the associations among proxies of acculturation and maternal smoking during pregnancy and breastfeeding initiation within each major ethnic group in Massachusetts. Data ...
Markunas Christina A CA Epidemiology Branch, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH, DHHS, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, - - 2014
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with significant infant morbidity and mortality, and may influence later disease risk. One mechanism by which smoking (and other environmental factors) might have long-lasting effects is through epigenetic modifications such as DNA methylation. To conduct an epigenome-wide association study (EWAS) investigating alterations in DNA ...
Yan Ji J Department of Economics, Appalachian State University, ASU Box 32051, Boone, NC, 28608, USA, - - 2014
Smoking during pregnancy is a key contributor to poor infant health. Our study presents a dynamic relationship between the timing of prenatal smoking cessation or reduction and infant birth weight. Using a large representative dataset of a birth cohort in the United Kingdom, we apply regression analysis to examine the ...
Phelan Sharon S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, MSC10 5580, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
More than 400,000 deaths occur per year in the United States that are attributable to cigarette smoking; the risks to the general public are widely known. The risk to women, especially those who are pregnant, is less commonly known. During pregnancy, smoking increases the risk of low birth weight infants, ...
Qiu Jie - - 2014
Studies investigating the relationship between maternal passive smoking and the risk of preterm birth have reached inconsistent conclusions. A birth cohort study that included 10,095 nonsmoking women who delivered a singleton live birth was carried out in Lanzhou, China, between 2010 and 2012. Exposure to passive smoking during pregnancy was ...
Fuentes-Leonarte Virginia V Unit of Addictive Disorders, San Marcelino Primary Health Care Center, Valencia, Spain; Center for Public Health Research (CSISP/FISABIO), Valencia, Spain; Spanish Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), - - 2014
The different role of prenatal and postnatal exposure to tobacco smoke in respiratory outcomes in infants has not yet been clearly established. Our objective is to assess the effects of these exposures on the risk of respiratory outcomes during the first year of life of infants from a Spanish multicenter ...
Gordon Joshua Henry JH University of Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, o Office of Medical Education, BEB 40, Buffalo, New York, United States ; - - 2014
Background: Thyroid hormone is essential for normal mental and physical development in infancy and childhood and is dependent on adequate iodine intake. During the first few months of life, infants are reliant on breastmilk and/or infant formula as their sole sources of dietary iodine. The iodine status of U.S. infants ...
Jenkins Mary M MM Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, - - 2014
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is one proposed risk factor for gastroschisis, but reported associations have been modest, suggesting that differences in genetic susceptibility might play a role. We included 108 non-Hispanic white and 62 Hispanic families who had infants with gastroschisis, and 1,147 non-Hispanic white and 337 Hispanic families who ...
Kopp Benjamin T BT Section of Pediatric Pulmonology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio; Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, - - 2014
Secondhand smoke (SHS) has deleterious respiratory, immune, and nutritional effects in children, but there is little data regarding the effects of SHS exposure in infants with cystic fibrosis (CF). A retrospective chart review was undertaken from 2008 to 2012 of 75 infants with CF. Growth, lung function, Chest CT imaging, ...
Kahyaoglu I I Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Etlik Zubeyde Hanım Women's Health Research and Education Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2014
In utero fetal exposure to tobacco smoke has been found to be associated with adverse pregnancy outcome and increased maternal and fetal risks. The aim of this study was to compare umbilical cord blood S100B levels of infants of active smoker, passive smoker and non-smoker mothers. A total of 82 ...
Wiebe Sandra A - - 2014
Our goal in the present study was to examine the effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy on infant self-regulation, exploring birth weight as a mediator and sex as a moderator of risk. A prospective sample of 218 infants was assessed at 6 months of age. Infants completed a battery of ...
Lavezzi Anna M - - 2014
It is well known that maternal smoking during pregnancy is very harmful to the fetus. Prenatal nicotine absorption, in particular, is associated with alterations in lung development and functions at birth and with respiratory disorders in infancy. Many of the pulmonary disorders are mediated by the interaction of nicotine with ...
Gunnerbeck Anna A Department of Women's and Children's Health at Karolinska Institutet, Neonatal Research Unit, Karolinska University Hospital Solna, Stockholm, - - 2014
To determine if maternal use of snuff (containing high levels of nicotine, low levels of nitrosamines and no combustion products) is associated with an increased risk of oral cleft malformations in the infant and whether cessation of snuff use or smoking before the antenatal booking influences the risk. A population-based ...
Hossain M M MM Dr Mohammad Monir Hossain, Assistant Surgeon, Aganagar Union Subcentre, Keraniganj, Dhaka, - - 2014
This study was conducted to determine the association between prolonged smokeless tobacco (ST) use for more than 5 years by mothers and pregnancy outcome. It was a retrospective cohort study done on department of paediatrics and department of gynecology & obstetrics, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka from January 2009 to ...
Källén Bengt B 0000-0002-8249-8804 Tornblad Institute, Lund University, Biskopsgatan 7, 223 62 Lund, - - 2014
Background. The question is debated on whether maternal hypothyroidism or use of thyroxin in early pregnancy affects the risk for infant congenital malformations. Objectives. To expand the previously published study on maternal thyroxin use in early pregnancy and the risk for congenital malformations. Methods. Data from the Swedish Medical Birth ...
Begun Audrey L AL a College of Social Work , Ohio State University , Columbus , Ohio , - - 2014
The Empowering Mothers to Establish Smoke-free Homes (EMESH) project developed in response to an interdisciplinary health team seeking effective interventions for reducing/eliminating the environmental tobacco smoke exposure of infants with compromised respiratory status. Two study phases that informed the EMESH intervention design are described. Phase I involved semi-structured interviews with ...
Searles Nielsen Susan S Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Public Health Sciences Division, Seattle, WA. Electronic address: - - 2013
To assess the accuracy of smoking data in contemporary U.S. birth certificates. We compared data on prenatal smoking as reported on Washington State birth certificates to cotinine measured in archived newborn screening dried blood spots for 200 infants born in 2007 (100 randomly selected from births to self-reported nonsmokers and ...
Cohen G G Department of Women and Child Health, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, - - 2013
To compare blood pressure reactions (BPR) of infants to mild stress for evidence of adverse cardiovascular effects of passive exposure to tobacco smoke during pregnancy and early infancy. An observational field study conducted in Crete. We compared 4-6 month-olds of life-long non-smokers minimally (controls, n=9) or frequently exposed to tobacco ...
Hoyt Adrienne T - - 2013
Caffeine is consumed in various forms during pregnancy, has increased half-life during pregnancy and crosses the placental barrier. Small for gestational age (SGA) is an important perinatal outcome and has been associated with long term complications. We examined the association between maternal caffeine intake and SGA using National Birth Defects ...
Taylor Lee K - - 2013
Small for gestational age (SGA) infants are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality. We sought to identify risk factors associated with SGA and examined the potential for reducing the proportion of infants with SGA at a population level. Birth and hospital records were linked for births occurring in 2007--2010 ...
Mactier Helen - - 2013
To determine if reduced fetal growth in infants of opioid-dependent mothers prescribed methadone maintenance in pregnancy is explained by cigarette smoking or socio-economic deprivation. Retrospective cohort study. Inner-city maternity unit in Scotland. A total of 366 singleton infants of methadone-prescribed opioid-dependent mothers compared with the Scottish birth population (n = 103 366) as ...
Ivorra Carmen - - 2013
Despite the adverse effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy on the newborn's health are well-known, in the pediatric population, a high prevalence exists that is very much affected by second hand smoke (SHS). This study aims to investigate the impact of maternal smoking habits during pregnancy on cotinine levels in ...
Balayla Jacques - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To evaluate the incidence, risk factors and neonatal outcomes associated with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Study Design: We conducted a population-based cohort study using the CDC's Linked Birth-Infant Death and Fetal Death data files on all births and fetal deaths in the United States between 1995 and ...
Oncel Mehmet Yekta - - 2013
To define whether there was folate deficiency or not in hospitalized preterm infants, and secondly to define the impact of feeding modalities on serum folate levels. Infants born ≤32 weeks of gestation were included in the study. Blood samples for the determination of serum folate levels were obtained on days ...
Hirai Ashley H - - 2013
Objectives. We identified potential determinants and cause-specific sources of excess infant mortality among Native Hawaiians. Methods. We compared infant mortality rates among Native Hawaiians and Whites by using data from the 2002 to 2009 Hawai'i State Linked Birth/Infant Death Cohort File. We evaluated the components of excess infant mortality by ...
Vandraas Kf - - 2013
To study associations between hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) and birth outcomes. Population-based cohort study. Norway. Singleton births in the Norwegian Birth Registry, 1967-2009 (n = 2 270 363). Multiple logistic regression was applied to study associations between HG and dichotomous outcomes; multiple linear regression to study associations between HG, birthweight and gestational length. Generalised estimating ...
Primo Cândida Caniçali - - 2013
OBJECTIVE To assess scientific evidence about the effects of maternal nicotine on infant by an integrative review. DATA SOURCES Studies published in Portuguese, English and Spanish, from 1990 to 2009, with abstracts available in the Latin American Health Sciences Literature (Lilacs) and Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System On-Line (Medline) ...
Kishi Reiko - - 2013
The Hokkaido Study on Environment and Children's Health is an ongoing cohort study that began in 2002. The study consists of two prospective birth cohorts, the Sapporo cohort (n = 514) and the Hokkaido large-scale cohort (n = 20,940). The primary goals of this study are to first examine the potential negative effects of ...
Cordero Leandro - - 2013
Objective. To examine feeding practices and factors associated with breast-feeding initiation (BFI) in women with pregestational diabetes mellitus (PGDM) and their infants. Methods. In all, 392 PGDM (135 late preterm and 257 term) pregnancies were studied. Infant feeding preference was ascertained on admission. Results. After birth, 166 (42%) of the ...
Ko Ting-Jung - - 2013
Intrauterine exposure to tobacco smoke has been discerned as an important risk factor for low birth weight (LBW), small for gestational age (SGA), and preterm birth infants. In this cohort study, we investigated the association of the amount of parental smoking during the different pregnancy stages with birth weight and ...
Collaco Joseph M - - 2013
Preterm infants and children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) often experience significant respiratory morbidities during the first two years of life. Second hand smoke (SHS) has been demonstrated to lead to respiratory morbidities in the general population. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence/impact of SHS on preterm ...
Esterman Emilia E - - 2013
AIMS: To document risk factors, clinical features and outcomes in infants <6 months old admitted with laboratory-confirmed influenza to The Children's Hospital at Westmead during the H1N1-09 pandemic. METHODS: Prospective, hospital-based case series of infants admitted June-September 2009, identified by the Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance system and supplemented by ...
Madkour Aubrey Spriggs - - 2013
To study the relationship between neighborhood demographic characteristics (disadvantage, racial concentration) and the birthweight of infants born to adolescent mothers, potentially as mediated by smoking, prenatal care use, or perceptions of neighborhood safety. Data from Waves I and IV of the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health were analyzed. Birthweight ...
Hwang Sunah S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To compare the timing of hospital discharge, time to outpatient follow-up, and home care practices (breastfeeding initiation and continuation, tobacco smoke exposure, supine sleep position) for late-preterm (LPT; 34 0/7-36 6/7 weeks) and early-term (ET; 37 0/7-38/6/7 weeks) infants with term infants.METHODS:We analyzed 2000-2008 data from the Centers for Disease ...
Northrup Thomas F - - 2013
Abstract Mothers of infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) have very low breastfeeding rates and these high-respiratory-risk (HRR) NICU infants may benefit from breastfeeding through decreased risk for respiratory illnesses. This population's increased risk for maternal depression and high rates (22%) of maternal smoking may negatively affect breastfeeding. ...
Lavezzi Anna M - - 2013
The human choroid plexuses in the ventricular system represent the main source of cerebrospinal fluid secretion and constitute a major barrier interface that controls the brain's environment. The present study focused on the choroid plexus of the fourth ventricle, the main cavity of the brainstem containing important nuclei and/or structures ...
Kitsantas Panagiota - - 2013
Acute and chronic respiratory conditions affect a large segment of pregnant women. The purpose of the current study was to examine the concomitant effects of respiratory conditions and smoking during pregnancy on gestational age, birth weight, fetal distress, infant mortality, premature rupture of membranes, placenta abruption, and mode of delivery. ...
Stotts A L AL Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, TX, - - 2013
To examine the feasibility and efficacy of a hospital-based, motivational intervention to reduce secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) with mothers of infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). One-hundred and forty-four mothers with infants ( ≤ 1500 g at birth or ≥ 12 h ventilation) in a NICU who reported ...
Moscovis Sophia M - - 2013
The peak age at which sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) occurs corresponds to the developmental period in which infants are dependent on their innate responses to infection. There is a growing body of evidence indicating that dysregulation of inflammatory responses might contribute to the physiological changes leading to these sudden ...
Yorifuji Takashi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Exposure to air pollution has been demonstrated to increase the risk of preterm birth and low birth weight (LBW). Although evidence has accumulated on characteristics associated with increased risk of air pollution-related health effects, most studies have been conducted in the adult population and evidence on reproductive outcomes is ...
Hawkins S S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To examine the social determinants of infant smoke exposure and whether these associations vary by mothers' smoking status and number of children in the household. METHODS: There were 135 278 mothers from 28 states who participated in the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System from 2000 to 2003. RESULTS: Overall 9.9% ...
Stotts Angela L AL Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, 6431 Fannin, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2013
Over one-third of all children live with at least one parent who smokes cigarettes, which is associated with compromised child health. The impact of secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) in medically fragile infants born prematurely is likely to be much higher. The Baby's Breath II study tests whether a hospital-initiated, motivational-enhancement ...
Britton Geraldine R - - 2013
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the perinatal outcomes of rural pregnant smokers enrolled in the Smoke Free Baby & Me trial. Methods: Data on smoking status and other pre-natal variables were collected during pregnancy. Outcomes were retrieved from a review of hospital records of 161 singleton ...
Carbonell-Estrany Xavier - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To assess the impact of household smoking and palivizumab prophylaxis on the risk of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalisation in late-preterm (32-35 weeks' gestational age) infants. Methods: Familial smoking and other RSV risk factor data from the FLIP, FLIP-2 and IMpact studies and datasets from France, Germany and ...
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