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Results 401 - 450 of 1362
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Sawaguchi Toshiko - - 2003
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) victims had exhibited during sleep a reduction in cortical arousals despite an increase in subcortical activation. Arousal deficiency in SIDS victims was partial. We could suggest the latent existence of inadequate noradrenergic neuronal plasticity as the background of this partial arousal deficiency of SIDS victims.
Sawaguchi Toshiko - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is still the main cause of postneonatal infant death and its cause is still unknown. Recently, the medullary serotonergic network deficiency theory has been proposed and an association between SIDS and neuronal plasticity has also been suggested. The growth-associated phosphoprotein 43 (GAP43) is ...
Sawaguchi Toshiko - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the situation of the incidence of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Japan to provide the basis for health administration training. METHOD: The questionnaire study about the circumstances and responses in discovering the death of a SIDS infant was carried out by the SIDS Family Association ...
Ozawa Yuri - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is still the main cause of postneonatal infant death. However, the causes and mechanisms of SIDS have never been completely elucidated. Catecholamines, via alpha2-adrenergic receptor (alpha2-AR) interactions, are known to influence brainstem autonomic and respiratory activity. AIMS: To examine the catecholaminergic system abnormalities ...
Kahn A - - 2003
The prevalence of the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) has dropped in most countries following the development of education campaigns on the avoidance of preventable risk factors for SIDS. These include factors in the infant's micro environment, such as prenatal passive smoking, administration of sedative drugs, prone sleep, high ambient ...
McGarvey C - - 2003
AIM: To identify risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in the sleeping environment of Irish infants. METHODS: A five year population based case-control study with parental interviews conducted for each case and three controls matched for age, place of birth, and last sleep period. A total of 203 ...
Opdal Siri H - - 2003
Cytokines are involved in regulating the intensity and duration of the immune response, and cytokine production is carefully regulated. With regard to sudden infant death, interleukin-10 (IL-10) is of special interest. This is an immunoregulatory cytokine that plays an important role in the development of infectious disease. The purpose of ...
Randall Brad - - 2003
The annual report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is attached. This Committee has as its mission the review of infant and child death so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives. The 2002 review area includes South Dakota's Minnehaha, Turner, Lincoln, ...
Kadhim Hazim - - 2003
Cytokines modify neuronal function. Dysfunction in vital centers is reported in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The authors detected high neuronal interleukin (IL)-1beta immunoreactivity in the arcuate and dorsal vagal nuclei in SIDS. This IL-1 overexpression might contribute to molecular interactions in brainstem neurovegetative centers, causing disturbed homeostatic control of ...
Rickert Christian H - - 2004
Despite a decline in the overall rate of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), it remains the leading cause of postneonatal infant mortality. Research into underlying mechanisms of SIDS has still not yielded a morphological, histopathological correlate explaining aetiology and pathophysiology of an infant's sudden death. Of particular interest would be ...
Bergmann J - - 2004
Nothing is known about the pathophysiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Here we show the presence of misfolded prion protein (PrP(Sc)-like) in extracts of various sections of the brains of two SIDS victims. DNA sequence information for one of these (death at 12 days) revealed two nucleotide variants in ...
Wailoo M - - 2003
AIMS: to describe a pattern of illness in "normal" infants, and to assess to what extent this may differ in infants who die suddenly and unexpectedly. METHODS: All infants are on the CONI (Care of the Next Infant) scheme in which mothers record symptoms and signs of illness prospectively, on ...
Kinney Hannah C - - 2003
The rate of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) among American Indian infants in the Northern Plains is almost 6 times higher than in U.S. white infants. In a study of infant mortality among Northern Plains Indians, we tested the hypothesis that receptor binding abnormalities to the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) ...
Scheers N J - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain whether the number of sudden infant deaths as a result of suffocation in cribs, in adult beds, on sofas or chairs, and on other sleep surfaces was increasing whether attributable to increased reporting, diagnostic shift, or an actual increase in suffocation deaths and to compare the risk ...
Machaalani Rita - - 2003
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamatergic receptor is widely expressed in the brain during the early postnatal period and, among other functions is involved in cardiorespiratory control and in cell death by excitotoxic mechanisms. This study examined NMDA receptor-1 (NR1) expression in the human infant brainstem and assessed whether expression differed between ...
Bard Harry - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Fetal hemoglobin (HbF) levels in the hemolysates obtained from infants who died from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) are reported to be markedly increased compared with controls. This finding could have been explained by increased HbF synthesis caused by episodes of hypoxemia in the SIDS infants. A prospective study ...
de Chalain Tristan - - 2003
AIMS: The issue of infant sleeping position has socio-political ramifications. Current recommendations endorse supine sleeping as an aid to reducing the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Persistent sleeping of a newborn infant in the same position may induce plagiocephaly without synostosis (PWS). Parents in our craniofacial clinic, whose ...
Rowe Jennifer - - 2003
This paper draws on findings of a study in which new and experienced mothers' caregiving practices were investigated, in order to examine social perspectives of infant sleep. Health professionals who work to support early parenting and promote child health and well-being provide guidance to their clients concerning infant sleep cares. ...
Finau Eseta - - 2003
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) or Sitisi was considered a rare event among Pacificans worldwide. However, recent findings in New Zealand (Aotearoa) have shown that at least 33% of Pacific infant deaths in New Zealand since 1991 have been due to Sitisi, and the incidence of Sitisi among Pacificans has ...
Samuels Martin - - 2003
Viral respiratory infections are the most likely trigger for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). SIDS cases commonly have evidence of respiratory tract inflammation, a preceding history of symptoms of minor illness and occur in winter peaks coinciding with respiratory viral epidemics. Respiratory infections are a common cause for infants presenting ...
Daltveit A K - - 2003
AIM: To study circadian variation in the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and possible associations with risk factors for SIDS. METHODS: A questionnaire-based case-control study matched for place of birth, age and gender was conducted in Denmark, Norway and Sweden: The Nordic Epidemiological SIDS Study. The study comprised 244 SIDS ...
Mitchell E A EA Department of Paediatrics, University of Auckland, New Zealand. - - 2003
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is known to occur more frequently at night. In two studies it has now been shown that a prone sleep position is more strongly associated with SIDS occurring during the day, whereas night-time deaths are more strongly associated with maternal smoking and illness. This variation, ...
Kato Ineko - - 2003
Infants who became victims of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) aroused less from sleep than control infants. This study was conducted to determine the characteristics of arousal from sleep of infants who eventually died of SIDS. Sixteen infants were monitored some days or weeks before they died of SIDS. Their ...
Sridhar Raghunathan - - 2003
Our purpose was to identify and further characterize physiologic mechanisms relevant to autoresuscitation from hypoxic apnea in infants dying suddenly and unexpectedly. We studied cardiorespiratory recordings of 24 infants (age range, 0.8-21 months) who died suddenly while being monitored at home. These recordings were analyzed for features indicated by studies ...
Fleming Peter J - - 2003
As part of the confidential enquiry into stillbirths and deaths in infancy (CESDI), a 3-year population-based case-control study was specifically designed to look at risk factors associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) after the dramatic fall in incidence. The study was conducted between 1993 and 1996 in five English ...
Habal Mutaz B - - 2003
Over the last decade, infants with deformities in the craniofacial skeleton have been seen at our craniofacial center, and similar observations have been noted in infants seen for evaluation and management after birth, where there are not any evident pathological findings such as craniosynostosis or another known genetic disorder. The ...
Bajanowski T - - 2003
There are more than 120 different theories on the possible causes of sudden infant death (SID). In particular, dysfunctions of the central nervous system, cardiorespiratory insufficiency due to infections including atypical immune reactions, and cardiac dysregulation have been discussed during the previous decade. Reports on disturbances of the cardiac rhythmogenic ...
Sun Zhongjie - - 2003
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the most common cause of death in infants and its pathogenesis is complex and multifactorial. The aim of this review is to summarize recent novel findings regarding the possible association of beta-casomorphin (beta-CM) to apnea in SIDS, which has not been widely appreciated by ...
Lehr Corinne R - - 2003
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been associated with the volatilization of arsenic, antimony or phosphorus compounds from infants' bedding material by micro-organisms, the so-called 'toxic gas hypothesis'. The volatilization of arsenic by aerobic micro-organisms isolated from new sheepskin bedding material, as well as on material used by a healthy ...
Smith Gordon C S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) varied according to week of delivery at term among elective and nonelective births. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: All single infants live born between 37 and 42 weeks gestation in Scotland between 1992 and 1995 documented ...
Kanetake Jun - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Rebreathing is thought to be associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the rebreathing potential of different types of Japanese infant bedding. METHODS: The rebreathing potential of various combinations of infant bedding was measured using a mechanically simulated breathing model. ...
Lobban C D R - - 2003
Recent massive reductions in SIDS cases, world-wide, since the introduction of parental advice to sleep infants in the supine position, has the epidemiologic value of eliminating some hypotheses and strengthening others. A pathophysiologic cause of death now seems likely rather than a pathologic one. Without the characteristic morbidity consistent in ...
- - 2003
More than 25 years have elapsed since continuous cardiorespiratory monitoring at home was suggested to decrease the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). In the ensuing interval, multiple studies have been unable to establish the alleged efficacy of its use. In this statement, the most recent research information concerning ...
Duffy Frank H - - 2003
EEG spectral coherence data in quiet sleep of 312 infants were evaluated, at 42 weeks post-menstrual age. All were medically healthy and living at home by time of evaluation. The sample consisted of prematurely bom infants with a wide spectrum of underlying risk factors, as well as healthy full-term infants. ...
Fleming Peter J - - 2003
The published evidence on the risk of sudden unexpected death in infants after discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is reviewed, together with the relevance of the various identified potentially modifiable post-natal risk factors, particularly sleeping position. Infants of low birthweight, short gestation, and those with adverse perinatal ...
Koren Ariel - - 2003
Thrombophilic risk factors are associated with thromboembolism in children but data in infants and neonates are not well established. The authors report a series of 9 infants with thrombotic events and the associated genetic risk factors. The clinical and laboratory records of newborns and infants with a history of thrombotic ...
Rasinski Kenneth A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In the US, a higher incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and a slower decline in the incidence of SIDS has been found among blacks when compared with white infants. The continued racial disparity in SIDS is thought to be attributable to lack of compliance with SIDS risk ...
Milerad J - - 2003
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSAS) in infants is a risk factor for sudden infant death (SIDS). Snoring in a young child should raise suspicion of OSAS, and according to recent AAP guidelines, evaluation and polysomnographic studies are recommended in selected cases as the diagnostic test of choice. However, infants under 1 ...
Moon Rachel Y - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Millions of children in the US have parents who work alternative shifts. As a result, extended-hour and nighttime child care centers have increased in number to meet the needs of parents working nonstandard hours. Recognizing that 20% of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) occurs in child care settings and ...
Tuladhar Rita - - 2003
Previous studies have suggested that autonomic dysfunction may be involved in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). The major risk factors for SIDS are the prone sleeping position and maternal smoking. Our aim was to examine the effects of sleeping position and maternal smoking on the postnatal maturation of autonomic function ...
Bhat Ravindra Y RY Children Nationwide Regional Neonatal Intensive Care Centre, Department of Child Health, King's College Hospital, London, SE5 9RS, - - 2003
Prematurely born infants are at increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome, particularly if slept prone. Yet, some prematurely born infants are slept prone despite the high risk age for sudden infant death syndrome and this may reflect the advice given by neonatal unit staff. The aim of this study ...
Beckwith J Bruce - - 2003
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a term that was first proposed in 1969 for a distinctive subgroup of unexpected infant deaths that occur during the postneonatal period with relatively consistent clinical, epidemiological, and pathological features. This term played an important role by focusing attention on a major category of ...
Reichard R Ross - - 2003
Immunohistochemical staining for beta-amyloid precursor protein (betaAPP) has been validated as a marker for axonal injury in adults surviving > or = 2 hours after white matter damage. The significance of betaAPP staining in pediatric brains and spinal cords is not as well established. We evaluated the white matter immunoreactivity ...
Li De-Kun - - 2003
To assess the association between infant sleeping position and risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in an ethnically diverse US population, the authors conducted a population-based case-control study in 11 counties in California from May 1997 through April 2000. The authors conducted in-person interviews with the mothers of 185 ...
Ikematsu Kazuya - - 2003
The oxygen regulated protein 150-kDa (ORP-150) is only induced in hypoxic conditions. We performed an immunohistochemical and morphometrical study on the expression of ORP-150 in the brains of sudden infant death (SID) victims. The cerebral cortexes of 18 infants were used for this study. Each tissue section was incubated with ...
Nyström Marjatta - - 2003
Schedules based on tooth development are useful in age assessments of children, but in early infancy they are based on only a few studies. The radiographic appearance of the mandibular symphysis during the first postnatal months has not gained attention. The present study describes the formation of teeth and the ...
Jones Kimberly L - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Recurrent hypoxemia has been proposed as an important pathophysiological mechanism underlying sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). However, conflicting results emerged when xanthines were used as markers for hypoxia. The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene is highly sensitive to changes in tissue partial oxygen tension, and changes in genomic ...
Unger Benjamin - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Racial disparity in rates of death attributable to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been observed for many years. Despite decreased SIDS death rates following the "Back to Sleep" intervention in 1994, this disparity in death rates has increased. The prone sleep position, unsafe sleep surfaces, and sharing a ...
James C - - 2003
AIM: To examine the sleeping arrangements of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases on the Wirral. In particular to determine the prevalence of bed sharing with mothers who smoke, a known risk factor for SIDS. METHODS: Retrospective study of postmortem determined cases of SIDS from 1995 to 2000 on the ...
Dyregrov Kari - - 2003
This article compares the outcome and predictors of psychosocial distress of parents bereaved by young suicides, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and child accidents. One objective is to explore whether suicide bereavement is more difficult for those left behind than other forms of bereavement. Data have been collected from 140 ...
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