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Results 401 - 450 of 1345
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de Chalain Tristan - - 2003
AIMS: The issue of infant sleeping position has socio-political ramifications. Current recommendations endorse supine sleeping as an aid to reducing the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Persistent sleeping of a newborn infant in the same position may induce plagiocephaly without synostosis (PWS). Parents in our craniofacial clinic, whose ...
Rowe Jennifer - - 2003
This paper draws on findings of a study in which new and experienced mothers' caregiving practices were investigated, in order to examine social perspectives of infant sleep. Health professionals who work to support early parenting and promote child health and well-being provide guidance to their clients concerning infant sleep cares. ...
Mitchell E A - - 2003
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is known to occur more frequently at night. In two studies it has now been shown that a prone sleep position is more strongly associated with SIDS occurring during the day, whereas night-time deaths are more strongly associated with maternal smoking and illness. Conclusion: This ...
Finau Eseta - - 2003
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) or Sitisi was considered a rare event among Pacificans worldwide. However, recent findings in New Zealand (Aotearoa) have shown that at least 33% of Pacific infant deaths in New Zealand since 1991 have been due to Sitisi, and the incidence of Sitisi among Pacificans has ...
Samuels Martin - - 2003
Viral respiratory infections are the most likely trigger for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). SIDS cases commonly have evidence of respiratory tract inflammation, a preceding history of symptoms of minor illness and occur in winter peaks coinciding with respiratory viral epidemics. Respiratory infections are a common cause for infants presenting ...
Daltveit A K - - 2003
AIM: To study circadian variation in the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and possible associations with risk factors for SIDS. METHODS: A questionnaire-based case-control study matched for place of birth, age and gender was conducted in Denmark, Norway and Sweden: The Nordic Epidemiological SIDS Study. The study comprised 244 SIDS ...
Kato Ineko - - 2003
Infants who became victims of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) aroused less from sleep than control infants. This study was conducted to determine the characteristics of arousal from sleep of infants who eventually died of SIDS. Sixteen infants were monitored some days or weeks before they died of SIDS. Their ...
Sridhar Raghunathan - - 2003
Our purpose was to identify and further characterize physiologic mechanisms relevant to autoresuscitation from hypoxic apnea in infants dying suddenly and unexpectedly. We studied cardiorespiratory recordings of 24 infants (age range, 0.8-21 months) who died suddenly while being monitored at home. These recordings were analyzed for features indicated by studies ...
Fleming Peter J - - 2003
As part of the confidential enquiry into stillbirths and deaths in infancy (CESDI), a 3-year population-based case-control study was specifically designed to look at risk factors associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) after the dramatic fall in incidence. The study was conducted between 1993 and 1996 in five English ...
Habal Mutaz B - - 2003
Over the last decade, infants with deformities in the craniofacial skeleton have been seen at our craniofacial center, and similar observations have been noted in infants seen for evaluation and management after birth, where there are not any evident pathological findings such as craniosynostosis or another known genetic disorder. The ...
Bajanowski T - - 2003
There are more than 120 different theories on the possible causes of sudden infant death (SID). In particular, dysfunctions of the central nervous system, cardiorespiratory insufficiency due to infections including atypical immune reactions, and cardiac dysregulation have been discussed during the previous decade. Reports on disturbances of the cardiac rhythmogenic ...
Sun Zhongjie - - 2003
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the most common cause of death in infants and its pathogenesis is complex and multifactorial. The aim of this review is to summarize recent novel findings regarding the possible association of beta-casomorphin (beta-CM) to apnea in SIDS, which has not been widely appreciated by ...
Lehr Corinne R - - 2003
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been associated with the volatilization of arsenic, antimony or phosphorus compounds from infants' bedding material by micro-organisms, the so-called 'toxic gas hypothesis'. The volatilization of arsenic by aerobic micro-organisms isolated from new sheepskin bedding material, as well as on material used by a healthy ...
Smith Gordon C S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) varied according to week of delivery at term among elective and nonelective births. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: All single infants live born between 37 and 42 weeks gestation in Scotland between 1992 and 1995 documented ...
Kanetake Jun - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Rebreathing is thought to be associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the rebreathing potential of different types of Japanese infant bedding. METHODS: The rebreathing potential of various combinations of infant bedding was measured using a mechanically simulated breathing model. ...
Lobban C D R - - 2003
Recent massive reductions in SIDS cases, world-wide, since the introduction of parental advice to sleep infants in the supine position, has the epidemiologic value of eliminating some hypotheses and strengthening others. A pathophysiologic cause of death now seems likely rather than a pathologic one. Without the characteristic morbidity consistent in ...
- - 2003
More than 25 years have elapsed since continuous cardiorespiratory monitoring at home was suggested to decrease the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). In the ensuing interval, multiple studies have been unable to establish the alleged efficacy of its use. In this statement, the most recent research information concerning ...
Duffy Frank H - - 2003
EEG spectral coherence data in quiet sleep of 312 infants were evaluated, at 42 weeks post-menstrual age. All were medically healthy and living at home by time of evaluation. The sample consisted of prematurely bom infants with a wide spectrum of underlying risk factors, as well as healthy full-term infants. ...
Fleming Peter J - - 2003
The published evidence on the risk of sudden unexpected death in infants after discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is reviewed, together with the relevance of the various identified potentially modifiable post-natal risk factors, particularly sleeping position. Infants of low birthweight, short gestation, and those with adverse perinatal ...
Koren Ariel - - 2003
Thrombophilic risk factors are associated with thromboembolism in children but data in infants and neonates are not well established. The authors report a series of 9 infants with thrombotic events and the associated genetic risk factors. The clinical and laboratory records of newborns and infants with a history of thrombotic ...
Rasinski Kenneth A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In the US, a higher incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and a slower decline in the incidence of SIDS has been found among blacks when compared with white infants. The continued racial disparity in SIDS is thought to be attributable to lack of compliance with SIDS risk ...
Milerad J - - 2003
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSAS) in infants is a risk factor for sudden infant death (SIDS). Snoring in a young child should raise suspicion of OSAS, and according to recent AAP guidelines, evaluation and polysomnographic studies are recommended in selected cases as the diagnostic test of choice. However, infants under 1 ...
Moon Rachel Y - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Millions of children in the US have parents who work alternative shifts. As a result, extended-hour and nighttime child care centers have increased in number to meet the needs of parents working nonstandard hours. Recognizing that 20% of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) occurs in child care settings and ...
Tuladhar Rita - - 2003
Previous studies have suggested that autonomic dysfunction may be involved in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). The major risk factors for SIDS are the prone sleeping position and maternal smoking. Our aim was to examine the effects of sleeping position and maternal smoking on the postnatal maturation of autonomic function ...
Bhat Ravindra Y - - 2003
Prematurely born infants are at increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome, particularly if slept prone. Yet, some prematurely born infants are slept prone despite the high risk age for sudden infant death syndrome and this may reflect the advice given by neonatal unit staff. The aim of this study ...
Beckwith J Bruce - - 2003
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a term that was first proposed in 1969 for a distinctive subgroup of unexpected infant deaths that occur during the postneonatal period with relatively consistent clinical, epidemiological, and pathological features. This term played an important role by focusing attention on a major category of ...
Reichard R Ross - - 2003
Immunohistochemical staining for beta-amyloid precursor protein (betaAPP) has been validated as a marker for axonal injury in adults surviving > or = 2 hours after white matter damage. The significance of betaAPP staining in pediatric brains and spinal cords is not as well established. We evaluated the white matter immunoreactivity ...
Li De-Kun - - 2003
To assess the association between infant sleeping position and risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in an ethnically diverse US population, the authors conducted a population-based case-control study in 11 counties in California from May 1997 through April 2000. The authors conducted in-person interviews with the mothers of 185 ...
Ikematsu Kazuya - - 2003
The oxygen regulated protein 150-kDa (ORP-150) is only induced in hypoxic conditions. We performed an immunohistochemical and morphometrical study on the expression of ORP-150 in the brains of sudden infant death (SID) victims. The cerebral cortexes of 18 infants were used for this study. Each tissue section was incubated with ...
Nyström Marjatta - - 2003
Schedules based on tooth development are useful in age assessments of children, but in early infancy they are based on only a few studies. The radiographic appearance of the mandibular symphysis during the first postnatal months has not gained attention. The present study describes the formation of teeth and the ...
Jones Kimberly L - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Recurrent hypoxemia has been proposed as an important pathophysiological mechanism underlying sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). However, conflicting results emerged when xanthines were used as markers for hypoxia. The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene is highly sensitive to changes in tissue partial oxygen tension, and changes in genomic ...
Unger Benjamin - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Racial disparity in rates of death attributable to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been observed for many years. Despite decreased SIDS death rates following the "Back to Sleep" intervention in 1994, this disparity in death rates has increased. The prone sleep position, unsafe sleep surfaces, and sharing a ...
James C - - 2003
AIM: To examine the sleeping arrangements of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases on the Wirral. In particular to determine the prevalence of bed sharing with mothers who smoke, a known risk factor for SIDS. METHODS: Retrospective study of postmortem determined cases of SIDS from 1995 to 2000 on the ...
Dyregrov Kari - - 2003
This article compares the outcome and predictors of psychosocial distress of parents bereaved by young suicides, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and child accidents. One objective is to explore whether suicide bereavement is more difficult for those left behind than other forms of bereavement. Data have been collected from 140 ...
Byard Roger W - - 2003
The past decade and a half has seen marked changes in the epidemiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The avoidance of certain risk factors such as sleeping prone and cigarette smoke exposure has resulted in the death rate falling dramatically. Careful evaluation of environmental factors and endogenous characteristics has ...
Machaalani, Rita
This thesis tests the hypothesis that increased neuronal cell death in SIDS infants is related to the ability of risk factors, such as prone sleeping, to expose infants to intermittent hypercapnic hypoxia (IHH). Based on the hypothesis that the NMDA system is linked to neuronal death, by way of excitotoxicity, ...
Divne A M - - 2003
AIM: To investigate the mitochondrial genome and its association with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: Twenty SIDS infants were screened for previously reported mitochondrial DNA mutations using direct sequencing. The whole mitochondrial genome was also sequenced for six of the infants. RESULTS: Three substitutions, A11467G, A12308G and G12372A, comprising ...
Ogbu Chigozie N - - 2003
Sudden death of an infant is not an uncommon event and when there is no adequate cause to explain the death it poses a diagnostic dilemma for the clinician, and makes discussion of the cause of death with parents quite difficult and unsatisfactory. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) or cot ...
Baker Sherri S - - 2003
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is the most common cause of death in children between 1 and 6 months of age. Recent data suggest that a prolonged QTc interval on the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is associated with SIDS. Prone body position during sleep is also known to be a risk ...
Iyasu Solomon - - 2002
CONTEXT: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of postneonatal mortality among American Indians, a group whose infant death rate is consistently above the US national average. OBJECTIVE: To determine prenatal and postnatal risk factors for SIDS among American Indians. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Population-based case-control study of ...
Sawaguchi Toshiko - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Among 27,000 infants studied prospectively to characterize their sleep-wake behavior, 38 infants died under 6 months of age (including 26 infant victims of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), five with congenital cardiac abnormalities, two from infected pulmonary dysplasia, two from septic shock with multi-organ failure, one with a prolonged ...
Kahn Andre - - 2002
The mechanisms responsible for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) are still largely unknown. To explain what factors contribute to the deaths, we suggest a model: the '3 S model for SIDS' that includes 'sicknesses', 'stages of development' and 'surroundings': (1) 'sicknesses' refers to infectious diseases or other medical condition. (2) ...
Durlach Jean - - 2002
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) might be due to the fetal consequences of a Mg maternal deficiency, which might be prevented by simple atoxic nutritional Mg intake by the mother. Various stresses in the pregnant women or in the infant may transform a simple Mg deficiency into Mg depletion which ...
Horne Rosemary S C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Failure to arouse from sleep has been postulated as a mechanism to explain the final pathway of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: We have reviewed the effects of the major risk factors for SIDS, prone sleep position, maternal smoking, prematurity and recent infection on arousability from sleep. In ...
Guntheroth Warren G - - 2002
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) victims were regarded as normal as a matter of definition (Beckwith 1970) until 1952 when Kinney and colleagues argued for elimination of the clause, "unexpected by history." They argued that "not all SIDS victims were normal," and referred to their hypothesis that SIDS results from ...
Horne Rosemary S C - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Preterm infants are at increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). We investigated whether the prone sleeping position impaired arousal from sleep in healthy preterm infants and whether this impairment was related to cardiorespiratory variables, temperature or postnatal age. DESIGN: Longitudinal SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: 14 healthy preterm infants (mean ...
Randall Brad - - 2002
The annual report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is attached. This Committee has as its mission the review of infant and child death so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives. The Committee review area in 2001 included South Dakota's Minnehaha, ...
Hauck Fern R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Rates of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) are over twice as high among African Americans compared with Caucasians. Little is known, however, about the relationship between prone sleeping, other sleep environment factors, and the risk of SIDS in the United States and how differences in risk factors may account ...
Williams S M - - 2002
AIMS: To determine whether the risk factors for SIDS occurring at night were different from those occurring during the day. METHODS: Large, nationwide case-control study, with data for 369 cases and 1558 controls in New Zealand. RESULTS: Two thirds of SIDS deaths occurred at night (between 10 pm and 7 ...
Gislason Thorarinn - - 2002
Previous studies suggest a familial link between adult obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). However, most of these studies were hampered by the availability of too few cases of SIDS to draw conclusions. To examine the familial nature of this association in Iceland, hospital-based lists ...
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