Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1346
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Wall Melanie M - - 2004
This paper is concerned with the formation of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) rates over time. Because of differential numbers of births throughout the year, a new SIDS rate is developed that takes into account the changing number of infants at risk and in particular the changing age distribution throughout ...
Weese-Mayer Debra E - - 2004
We have previously identified polymorphisms in the serotonin transporter gene promoter region and in intron 2 that were more common among sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases compared with control subjects. To elucidate further the genetic profile that might increase an infant's vulnerability to SIDS, we focused on the recognized ...
Heininger Ulrich - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This was a prospective, controlled, multicenter study to investigate the relationship between Bordetella pertussis infections and sudden unexpected deaths among German infants. DESIGN: Between 1995 and 1997, all infants who died at 7 to 365 days of age and for whom autopsies were performed in 1 of 8 participating ...
Krous Henry F - - 2004
The definition of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) originally appeared in 1969 and was modified 2 decades later. During the following 15 years, an enormous amount of additional information has emerged, justifying additional refinement of the definition of SIDS to incorporate epidemiologic features, risk factors, pathologic features, and ancillary test ...
Crowell David H - - 2004
Ontogeny of arousal data constitute a vital supplement to the sparse literature on spontaneous neuronal activity. These data demonstrate that measurable infant spontaneous arousals (SAs) with an inherent oscillatory entrainment occur six times more in active sleep than in quiet sleep of the same duration and are identifiable as a ...
Mooney J A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: An increased incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) at weekends has been previously noted, although it has not been found in all studies. Where a weekend effect has been found it is most prominent on Sundays. AIM: To identify the magnitude of this effect in British data before ...
Dales Robert - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) affects approximately 1 in 1000 live births and is the most common cause of infant death after the perinatal period. OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of air pollution on the incidence of SIDS. METHODS: Time-series analyses were performed to compare the daily mortality rates ...
Baird Terry M - - 2004
Apnoea is common in the newborn period and especially in preterm newborns. Bradycardia and desaturation of oxyhaemoglobin typically occur with apnoea. These abnormalities reflect an immature cardiorespiratory system and resolution of this immaturity can be expected within a predictable time frame. Infants who have apnoea in the newborn period are ...
Dettmeyer Reinhard - - 2004
The cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is an unresolved problem of high relevance. Previous studies indicate a role of infections. In our prospective study, we investigated the frequency of virus-induced myocardial affections in SIDS. Postmortem samples from SIDS victims and control subjects were investigated prospectively. Pediatric cases of ...
Kijima Kazuki - - 2004
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a major cause of infant death, but its etiology is unknown. There are several independent risk factors for SIDS, and prone sleeping is a major risk factor. SIDS is probably based on a compromise in arousal response to breathing or blood pressure during sleep. ...
Chong D S Y - - 2004
AIM: To assess the change of risk factors that are specific to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) after the initialization of a campaign to reduce the risk (RTR) of SIDS compared to non-SIDS postneonatal deaths. METHODS: Data were extracted from the Swedish Medical Birth Registry, 1982-1991 and 1993-1998. 1105 infants ...
Richardson David B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: During the final weeks of gestation, infants normally begin a transition from the production of fetal to adult hemoglobin. Delayed or faulty transition to the production of adult hemoglobin might play a role in the etiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between adult ...
Getahun Darios - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to 1). study the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) among singleton births in the United States and 2). identify maternal and obstetric risk factors for SIDS. METHODS: A cohort of all live births in the United States from 1995 to 1998, ...
Franco Patricia - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The risk for sudden infant death (SIDS) was postulated to decrease with the use of a pacifier and by conditions increasing parasympathetic tonus during sleep. We evaluated the influence of a pacifier on cardiac autonomic controls in healthy infants. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-four healthy infants were studied polygraphically during one ...
Daley Katie Campbell - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the introduction of the Back to Sleep campaign by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 1992, the incidence of Sudden infant death syndrome has decreased by almost 50%. Despite this success, SIDS continues to be the most common cause of unexplained infant death in Western countries. ...
Malloy Michael H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In June 1992, the American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on Infant Positioning and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) made its first recommendation concerning placing infants in a supine position. Since the publication of this recommendation, SIDS rates in the United States have declined 44%. Before this recommendation, SIDS ...
Findeisen M - - 2004
The German study on sudden infant death (GeSID) is a multi-centre case-control study aiming at the assessment of etiological factors and risk factors of SIDS. This report describes the study design and the methods applied and presents some general findings. Between 1998 and 2001, 455 cases of sudden and unexpected ...
Malloy Michael H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants have been reported to be at higher risk than term infants for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Reasons for this higher risk are not clear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze medical and demographic characteristics among infants 24 to 32 weeks gestation to identify ...
Ha Mina - - 2004
This study was undertaken to estimate the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) for 2 years from 1997 to 1998 in Korea. The information on SIDS was obtained from three independent sources, the Korean Medical Insurance Corporation data, data from different medical facilities (Korean surveillance on SIDS) and mortality ...
Lavezzi Anna Maria - - 2004
The parabrachial/Kölliker-Fuse complex has been defined, in different animal species, to lie in the dorsolateral part of the pontine tegmentum and to be subdivided into three well-defined regions: the medial parabrachial nucleus, the lateral parabrachial nucleus, and the Kölliker-Fuse nucleus. Experimental studies have shown that the parabrachial/Kölliker-Fuse complex is involved ...
Matthews T - - 2004
AIMS: To investigate the influence of analytical design on the variability of published results in studies of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: The results of a prospective case-control study, of 203 cases of SIDS, and 622 control infants are presented. All variables significant on univariate analysis were included in ...
Matturri Luigi - - 2004
Complete examination of the brainstem involves transverse serial 5-microm sections made throughout the entire brainstem. The number of serial sections varies from 360 in sudden intrauterine unexplained death (SIUD) to 600 in term fetuses to over 1400 sections in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) victims. The procedure is not applicable ...
Ansari T - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Morphometric oxygen diffusive conductance (Dp) was estimated to assess the potential efficiency of oxygen transfer across the materno-fetal interface in placentae obtained from victims of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). STUDY DESIGN: SIDS placentae were retrieved from archived storage and classified into normal birth weight (NBW, n=16), or small ...
Hill S A R - - 2004
AIM: To assess parental risk behaviour before and after a sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) information campaign with special emphasis on associations with maternal age, education, marital status and birth order. METHODS: Data from questionnaires sent to all mothers who gave birth in Norway during a period before the campaign ...
Ottaviani Giulia - - 2004
A term male fetus suddenly and unexpectedly died in utero at the 40th week of gestation. The mother had a regular and unremarkable pregnancy except for an anticardiolipin antibodies positivity. The histological examination of the cardiac conduction system showed islands of conduction tissue in the central fibrous body, known as ...
Zotter H - - 2004
AIM: In 1989, a scoring system that aimed to identify infants at risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) by a structured questionnaire [SIDS risk questionnaire (SRQ)] consisting of 25 items was introduced in Styria (Austria). It was the aim of the study to compare SIDS rates in the population ...
Carpenter R G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: After striking changes in rates of sudden unexplained infant death (SIDS) around 1990, four large case-control studies were set up to re-examine the epidemiology of this syndrome. The European Concerted Action on SIDS (ECAS) investigation was planned to bring together data from these and new studies to give an ...
Karger B - - 2004
The Reid index is an instrument for the evaluation of chronic bronchitis. The thickness of the mucosa and of its gland layer are measured and the relationship is expressed as a gland/wall ratio. Specimens were obtained from 124 autopsies from the German National Study on SIDS (GeSID). The cases were ...
Nishio Hajime - - 2004
An elevated serum tryptase concentration is considered to be a specific marker for systemic mast-cell activation, a central feature of anaphylaxis, which has been observed in some cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). However, it is still unclear whether anaphylaxis is involved in the etiology for SIDS. In the ...
Rubens Daniel D - - 2004
The pathogenesis of human seizure disorders has largely been derived from rodent models. A number of rodent and chick strains exhibit a genetic predisposition for lethal audiogenic seizures (AGSs) in the first year of life. Consideration is warranted that this disorder may be linked to the sudden infant death syndrome ...
Jones Martha Wilson - - 2004
Since 1992, the optimal sleeping position for infants in the United States has been supine. This position has been shown to greatly reduce the rate of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (Skadberg, Morild, & Markestad, 1998). However, the supine position may lead to other unintended consequences or complications. Through a review ...
Poets Christian F - - 2004
This review summarises recent data on mechanisms for apparent life-threatening events (ALTE) and sudden infant death (SID) which show that (i). recordings obtained during ALTE allow the detection of previously unrecognised but preventable mechanisms in a significant proportion of infants and should thus be performed routinely in infants with such ...
Kruschinski Carsten - - 2004
Infants are more susceptible to infections caused by T cell- independent type 2 (TI-2) polysaccharide antigens of certain encapsulated bacteria. Immune responses against this type of antigen are related to the splenic marginal zone (MZ). However, only few data exist on the age-dependent developmental stages of the human spleen in ...
Kerbl Reinhold - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) remains a challenge for health professionals despite decreasing rates in recent years. The figures for different areas and time periods are hardly comparable, because of differences in postmortem investigations and classification criteria. In 1992, the European Society for the Study and Prevention of Infant ...
Sawaguchi Toshiko - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the trend of the incidence of SIDS in the last 20 years in Japan to provide the basis for health administration training. METHOD: We have studied the SIDS incidence rate, the infant mortality rate, the neonatal mortality rate and perinatal deaths of the last 20 years in ...
Sawaguchi Toshiko - - 2003
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) victims had exhibited during sleep a reduction in cortical arousals despite an increase in subcortical activation. Arousal deficiency in SIDS victims was partial. We could suggest the latent existence of inadequate noradrenergic neuronal plasticity as the background of this partial arousal deficiency of SIDS victims.
Sawaguchi Toshiko - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is still the main cause of postneonatal infant death and its cause is still unknown. Recently, the medullary serotonergic network deficiency theory has been proposed and an association between SIDS and neuronal plasticity has also been suggested. The growth-associated phosphoprotein 43 (GAP43) is ...
Sawaguchi Toshiko - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the situation of the incidence of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Japan to provide the basis for health administration training. METHOD: The questionnaire study about the circumstances and responses in discovering the death of a SIDS infant was carried out by the SIDS Family Association ...
Ozawa Yuri - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is still the main cause of postneonatal infant death. However, the causes and mechanisms of SIDS have never been completely elucidated. Catecholamines, via alpha2-adrenergic receptor (alpha2-AR) interactions, are known to influence brainstem autonomic and respiratory activity. AIMS: To examine the catecholaminergic system abnormalities ...
Randall Brad - - 2003
The annual report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is attached. This Committee has as its mission the review of infant and child death so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives. The 2002 review area includes South Dakota's Minnehaha, Turner, Lincoln, ...
Kahn A - - 2003
The prevalence of the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) has dropped in most countries following the development of education campaigns on the avoidance of preventable risk factors for SIDS. These include factors in the infant's micro environment, such as prenatal passive smoking, administration of sedative drugs, prone sleep, high ambient ...
McGarvey C - - 2003
AIM: To identify risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in the sleeping environment of Irish infants. METHODS: A five year population based case-control study with parental interviews conducted for each case and three controls matched for age, place of birth, and last sleep period. A total of 203 ...
Opdal Siri H - - 2003
Cytokines are involved in regulating the intensity and duration of the immune response, and cytokine production is carefully regulated. With regard to sudden infant death, interleukin-10 (IL-10) is of special interest. This is an immunoregulatory cytokine that plays an important role in the development of infectious disease. The purpose of ...
Kadhim Hazim - - 2003
Cytokines modify neuronal function. Dysfunction in vital centers is reported in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The authors detected high neuronal interleukin (IL)-1beta immunoreactivity in the arcuate and dorsal vagal nuclei in SIDS. This IL-1 overexpression might contribute to molecular interactions in brainstem neurovegetative centers, causing disturbed homeostatic control of ...
Rickert Christian H - - 2004
Despite a decline in the overall rate of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), it remains the leading cause of postneonatal infant mortality. Research into underlying mechanisms of SIDS has still not yielded a morphological, histopathological correlate explaining aetiology and pathophysiology of an infant's sudden death. Of particular interest would be ...
Bergmann J - - 2004
Nothing is known about the pathophysiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Here we show the presence of misfolded prion protein (PrP(Sc)-like) in extracts of various sections of the brains of two SIDS victims. DNA sequence information for one of these (death at 12 days) revealed two nucleotide variants in ...
Wailoo M - - 2003
AIMS: to describe a pattern of illness in "normal" infants, and to assess to what extent this may differ in infants who die suddenly and unexpectedly. METHODS: All infants are on the CONI (Care of the Next Infant) scheme in which mothers record symptoms and signs of illness prospectively, on ...
Kinney Hannah C - - 2003
The rate of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) among American Indian infants in the Northern Plains is almost 6 times higher than in U.S. white infants. In a study of infant mortality among Northern Plains Indians, we tested the hypothesis that receptor binding abnormalities to the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) ...
Scheers N J - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain whether the number of sudden infant deaths as a result of suffocation in cribs, in adult beds, on sofas or chairs, and on other sleep surfaces was increasing whether attributable to increased reporting, diagnostic shift, or an actual increase in suffocation deaths and to compare the risk ...
Machaalani Rita - - 2003
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamatergic receptor is widely expressed in the brain during the early postnatal period and, among other functions is involved in cardiorespiratory control and in cell death by excitotoxic mechanisms. This study examined NMDA receptor-1 (NR1) expression in the human infant brainstem and assessed whether expression differed between ...
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