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Results 351 - 400 of 1359
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Harrison Linda M - - 2004
The common bacterial toxins hypothesis of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is that nasopharyngeal bacterial toxins can trigger events leading to death in infants with absent/low levels of antibody that can neutralise the toxins. The aim of this study was to investigate nasopharyngeal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and determine levels ...
Moscovis Sophia M - - 2004
Uncontrolled pro-inflammatory responses to infections or bacterial toxins have been suggested to play a role in triggering the physiological events leading to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). We tested the hypothesis that these uncontrolled responses might be due to interactions between the gene polymorphisms inducing low levels of IL-10 and ...
Montomoli Cristina - - 2004
The aim of this paper is to estimate the infant mortality rate and the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Lombardy, Northern Italy, in the period 1990-2000 and to provide basic information for a subsequent comparison of the SIDS incidence before and after the risk-intervention campaign. A retrospective ...
Blackwell C Caroline - - 2004
Epidemiological studies found the incidence of SIDS among Indigenous groups such as Aboriginal Australians, New Zealand Maoris and Native Americans were significantly higher than those for non-Indigenous groups within the same countries. Among other groups such as Asian families in Britain, the incidence of SIDS has been lower than among ...
Gleeson Maree - - 2004
This study examined the hypothesis that dysregulation of mucosal immune responses to respiratory infections is a critical event, which could be causal in respiratory arrest of some previously healthy infants. To examine this hypothesis, a prospective study was undertaken of infants presenting to the emergency department of a major teaching ...
Tong Shilu - - 2004
Although the rate of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been reduced with the 'Back to Sleep' campaign, SIDS is still a common cause of death in infancy. A range of environmental factors may interact to contribute to the adverse health conditions conducive to SIDS. Nine studies have evaluated the ...
Moscovis Sophia M - - 2004
We tested the hypothesis that significantly higher IL-1beta responses to toxic shock syndrome toxin (TSST) noted for parents of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) infants might be due in part to genetic factors such as the IL-1beta (C-511T) and IL-1RN (T+2018C) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP). The first objective was to ...
Vege Ashild - - 2004
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is sudden unexpected death in infancy for which there is no explanation after review of the history, a death scene investigation and a thorough autopsy. The use of common diagnostic criteria is a prerequisite for discussing the importance of infection, inflammatory responses and trigger mechanism ...
Goldwater Paul N - - 2004
This article explores the pathological evidence that supports the hypothesis that infection and inflammation are underlying mechanisms in SIDS. It reviews the pathological findings in relation to the risk factors reported for SIDS and compares these findings with other hypotheses suggested as causes of these unexplained deaths in infants. The ...
Pearce Jane L - - 2004
Despite the identification of risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and decreased SIDS rates in many countries, there is still no coherent, widely accepted, mechanistic explanation for SIDS. As an extension of our work on the infectious aetiology of SIDS, we have explored the prediction that infectious agents ...
Byard R W - - 2004
The diagnosis of causes of sudden infant death is an often complex and difficult process. Variable standards of autopsy practice and the use of different definitions for entities such as sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) have also contributed to confusion and discrepancies. For example, the term SIDS has been used ...
Gassner Heidi L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Adrenal crisis from salt-losing congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) typically occurs in the first 2 weeks of life. We evaluated 3 infants with adrenal crisis who presented at 6 to 8 months of age with near-miss sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). SUBJECTS: Three 46,XY phenotypic female infants presented near death ...
Wall Melanie M - - 2004
This paper is concerned with the formation of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) rates over time. Because of differential numbers of births throughout the year, a new SIDS rate is developed that takes into account the changing number of infants at risk and in particular the changing age distribution throughout ...
Weese-Mayer Debra E - - 2004
We have previously identified polymorphisms in the serotonin transporter gene promoter region and in intron 2 that were more common among sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases compared with control subjects. To elucidate further the genetic profile that might increase an infant's vulnerability to SIDS, we focused on the recognized ...
Heininger Ulrich - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This was a prospective, controlled, multicenter study to investigate the relationship between Bordetella pertussis infections and sudden unexpected deaths among German infants. DESIGN: Between 1995 and 1997, all infants who died at 7 to 365 days of age and for whom autopsies were performed in 1 of 8 participating ...
Krous Henry F - - 2004
The definition of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) originally appeared in 1969 and was modified 2 decades later. During the following 15 years, an enormous amount of additional information has emerged, justifying additional refinement of the definition of SIDS to incorporate epidemiologic features, risk factors, pathologic features, and ancillary test ...
Crowell David H - - 2004
Ontogeny of arousal data constitute a vital supplement to the sparse literature on spontaneous neuronal activity. These data demonstrate that measurable infant spontaneous arousals (SAs) with an inherent oscillatory entrainment occur six times more in active sleep than in quiet sleep of the same duration and are identifiable as a ...
Mooney J A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: An increased incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) at weekends has been previously noted, although it has not been found in all studies. Where a weekend effect has been found it is most prominent on Sundays. AIM: To identify the magnitude of this effect in British data before ...
Dales Robert - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) affects approximately 1 in 1000 live births and is the most common cause of infant death after the perinatal period. OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of air pollution on the incidence of SIDS. METHODS: Time-series analyses were performed to compare the daily mortality rates ...
Baird Terry M - - 2004
Apnoea is common in the newborn period and especially in preterm newborns. Bradycardia and desaturation of oxyhaemoglobin typically occur with apnoea. These abnormalities reflect an immature cardiorespiratory system and resolution of this immaturity can be expected within a predictable time frame. Infants who have apnoea in the newborn period are ...
Dettmeyer Reinhard - - 2004
The cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is an unresolved problem of high relevance. Previous studies indicate a role of infections. In our prospective study, we investigated the frequency of virus-induced myocardial affections in SIDS. Postmortem samples from SIDS victims and control subjects were investigated prospectively. Pediatric cases of ...
Kijima Kazuki - - 2004
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a major cause of infant death, but its etiology is unknown. There are several independent risk factors for SIDS, and prone sleeping is a major risk factor. SIDS is probably based on a compromise in arousal response to breathing or blood pressure during sleep. ...
Chong D S Y - - 2004
AIM: To assess the change of risk factors that are specific to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) after the initialization of a campaign to reduce the risk (RTR) of SIDS compared to non-SIDS postneonatal deaths. METHODS: Data were extracted from the Swedish Medical Birth Registry, 1982-1991 and 1993-1998. 1105 infants ...
Richardson David B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: During the final weeks of gestation, infants normally begin a transition from the production of fetal to adult hemoglobin. Delayed or faulty transition to the production of adult hemoglobin might play a role in the etiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between adult ...
Getahun Darios - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to 1). study the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) among singleton births in the United States and 2). identify maternal and obstetric risk factors for SIDS. METHODS: A cohort of all live births in the United States from 1995 to 1998, ...
Franco Patricia - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The risk for sudden infant death (SIDS) was postulated to decrease with the use of a pacifier and by conditions increasing parasympathetic tonus during sleep. We evaluated the influence of a pacifier on cardiac autonomic controls in healthy infants. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-four healthy infants were studied polygraphically during one ...
Daley Katie Campbell - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the introduction of the Back to Sleep campaign by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 1992, the incidence of Sudden infant death syndrome has decreased by almost 50%. Despite this success, SIDS continues to be the most common cause of unexplained infant death in Western countries. ...
Malloy Michael H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In June 1992, the American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on Infant Positioning and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) made its first recommendation concerning placing infants in a supine position. Since the publication of this recommendation, SIDS rates in the United States have declined 44%. Before this recommendation, SIDS ...
Findeisen M - - 2004
The German study on sudden infant death (GeSID) is a multi-centre case-control study aiming at the assessment of etiological factors and risk factors of SIDS. This report describes the study design and the methods applied and presents some general findings. Between 1998 and 2001, 455 cases of sudden and unexpected ...
Malloy Michael H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants have been reported to be at higher risk than term infants for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Reasons for this higher risk are not clear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze medical and demographic characteristics among infants 24 to 32 weeks gestation to identify ...
Ha Mina - - 2004
This study was undertaken to estimate the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) for 2 years from 1997 to 1998 in Korea. The information on SIDS was obtained from three independent sources, the Korean Medical Insurance Corporation data, data from different medical facilities (Korean surveillance on SIDS) and mortality ...
Lavezzi Anna Maria - - 2004
The parabrachial/Kölliker-Fuse complex has been defined, in different animal species, to lie in the dorsolateral part of the pontine tegmentum and to be subdivided into three well-defined regions: the medial parabrachial nucleus, the lateral parabrachial nucleus, and the Kölliker-Fuse nucleus. Experimental studies have shown that the parabrachial/Kölliker-Fuse complex is involved ...
Matthews T - - 2004
AIMS: To investigate the influence of analytical design on the variability of published results in studies of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: The results of a prospective case-control study, of 203 cases of SIDS, and 622 control infants are presented. All variables significant on univariate analysis were included in ...
Matturri Luigi - - 2004
Complete examination of the brainstem involves transverse serial 5-microm sections made throughout the entire brainstem. The number of serial sections varies from 360 in sudden intrauterine unexplained death (SIUD) to 600 in term fetuses to over 1400 sections in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) victims. The procedure is not applicable ...
Ansari T - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Morphometric oxygen diffusive conductance (Dp) was estimated to assess the potential efficiency of oxygen transfer across the materno-fetal interface in placentae obtained from victims of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). STUDY DESIGN: SIDS placentae were retrieved from archived storage and classified into normal birth weight (NBW, n=16), or small ...
Hill S A R - - 2004
AIM: To assess parental risk behaviour before and after a sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) information campaign with special emphasis on associations with maternal age, education, marital status and birth order. METHODS: Data from questionnaires sent to all mothers who gave birth in Norway during a period before the campaign ...
Ottaviani Giulia - - 2004
A term male fetus suddenly and unexpectedly died in utero at the 40th week of gestation. The mother had a regular and unremarkable pregnancy except for an anticardiolipin antibodies positivity. The histological examination of the cardiac conduction system showed islands of conduction tissue in the central fibrous body, known as ...
Zotter H - - 2004
AIM: In 1989, a scoring system that aimed to identify infants at risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) by a structured questionnaire [SIDS risk questionnaire (SRQ)] consisting of 25 items was introduced in Styria (Austria). It was the aim of the study to compare SIDS rates in the population ...
Carpenter R G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: After striking changes in rates of sudden unexplained infant death (SIDS) around 1990, four large case-control studies were set up to re-examine the epidemiology of this syndrome. The European Concerted Action on SIDS (ECAS) investigation was planned to bring together data from these and new studies to give an ...
Karger B - - 2004
The Reid index is an instrument for the evaluation of chronic bronchitis. The thickness of the mucosa and of its gland layer are measured and the relationship is expressed as a gland/wall ratio. Specimens were obtained from 124 autopsies from the German National Study on SIDS (GeSID). The cases were ...
Nishio Hajime - - 2004
An elevated serum tryptase concentration is considered to be a specific marker for systemic mast-cell activation, a central feature of anaphylaxis, which has been observed in some cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). However, it is still unclear whether anaphylaxis is involved in the etiology for SIDS. In the ...
Rubens Daniel D - - 2004
The pathogenesis of human seizure disorders has largely been derived from rodent models. A number of rodent and chick strains exhibit a genetic predisposition for lethal audiogenic seizures (AGSs) in the first year of life. Consideration is warranted that this disorder may be linked to the sudden infant death syndrome ...
Jones Martha Wilson - - 2004
Since 1992, the optimal sleeping position for infants in the United States has been supine. This position has been shown to greatly reduce the rate of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (Skadberg, Morild, & Markestad, 1998). However, the supine position may lead to other unintended consequences or complications. Through a review ...
Poets Christian F - - 2004
This review summarises recent data on mechanisms for apparent life-threatening events (ALTE) and sudden infant death (SID) which show that (i). recordings obtained during ALTE allow the detection of previously unrecognised but preventable mechanisms in a significant proportion of infants and should thus be performed routinely in infants with such ...
Kruschinski Carsten - - 2004
Infants are more susceptible to infections caused by T cell- independent type 2 (TI-2) polysaccharide antigens of certain encapsulated bacteria. Immune responses against this type of antigen are related to the splenic marginal zone (MZ). However, only few data exist on the age-dependent developmental stages of the human spleen in ...
Kerbl Reinhold - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) remains a challenge for health professionals despite decreasing rates in recent years. The figures for different areas and time periods are hardly comparable, because of differences in postmortem investigations and classification criteria. In 1992, the European Society for the Study and Prevention of Infant ...
Sawaguchi Toshiko - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the trend of the incidence of SIDS in the last 20 years in Japan to provide the basis for health administration training. METHOD: We have studied the SIDS incidence rate, the infant mortality rate, the neonatal mortality rate and perinatal deaths of the last 20 years in ...
Sawaguchi Toshiko - - 2003
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) victims had exhibited during sleep a reduction in cortical arousals despite an increase in subcortical activation. Arousal deficiency in SIDS victims was partial. We could suggest the latent existence of inadequate noradrenergic neuronal plasticity as the background of this partial arousal deficiency of SIDS victims.
Sawaguchi Toshiko - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is still the main cause of postneonatal infant death and its cause is still unknown. Recently, the medullary serotonergic network deficiency theory has been proposed and an association between SIDS and neuronal plasticity has also been suggested. The growth-associated phosphoprotein 43 (GAP43) is ...
Sawaguchi Toshiko - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the situation of the incidence of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Japan to provide the basis for health administration training. METHOD: The questionnaire study about the circumstances and responses in discovering the death of a SIDS infant was carried out by the SIDS Family Association ...
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