Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1359
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Hauck Fern R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Pacifier use has been reported to be associated with a reduced risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), but most countries around the world, including the United States, have been reluctant to recommend the use of pacifiers because of concerns about possible adverse effects. This meta-analysis was undertaken to ...
Blackwell C Caroline - - 2005
Despite the success of the campaigns to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), it still remains the major cause of postneonatal mortality. The incidence of SIDS is higher among ethnic groups in which there are also high incidences of serious infectious diseases. The risk factors for SIDS ...
Ostfeld Barbara M - - 2005
Adolescent, nonwhite women with less than high school education have infants at higher risk for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) but face barriers to risk reduction education. We implemented a novel school-based health education program (grades 4 to 12) and found an association between exposure and awareness of risk factors.
Bruckner Tim - - 2006
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that labor market contraction is associated with an elevated number of deaths due to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: We apply time-series methods to monthly counts of SIDS deaths and total employment from the state of California beginning January 1989 and ending December 2001. ...
Huang Zheng-Gui - - 2005
Maternal cigarette smoking and prenatal nicotine exposure increase the risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) by 2- to 4-fold, yet despite adverse publicity, nearly one of four pregnant women smoke tobacco. Infants who succumb to SIDS typically experience a severe bradycardia that precedes or is accompanied by centrally mediated ...
Tester David J - - 2005
Having an apparently healthy, thriving infant fail to reach his/her first birthday is profoundly tragic. This tragedy is compounded when the infant's death is unexpected and unexplained, signed out as sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Despite impressive success and welcome reductions in these tragic deaths due in large measure to ...
Kinney Hannah C - - 2005
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is characterized by a sleep-related death in a seemingly healthy infant. Previously, we reported abnormalities in the serotonergic (5-HT) system of the medulla in SIDS cases in 2 independent datasets, including in the Northern Plains American Indians. The medullary 5-HT system is composed of 5-HT ...
Matturri Luigi - - 2005
For each case of sudden infant and perinatal death, a full review of clinical and epidemiologic data and a complete necropsy study were performed according to the necropsy protocol devised by the Institute of Pathology, University of Milan, Milan, Italy (available at: http://users.unimi.it/~pathol/sids_e.html). Histopathologic examination of unexpected late fetal and ...
Alex Nishi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine ante-mortem and post-mortem risk factors for the finding of gastric contents in pulmonary airways (aspiration of gastric contents) at post-mortem examination in the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: There were 217 post-neonatal deaths in the Auckland region of the New Zealand Cot Death Study. No deaths ...
Wilson C A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Differences in the incidence of SIDS between 'Western' and 'Eastern' countries has been attributed to cultural practices, which may affect the infants care and thermal environment. AIM: The purpose of this work was to estimate for selected 'commonly' used bedding, sleep positions and practices in Japan, Korea and New ...
Pelligra Ralph - - 2005
The Back to Sleep Campaign was initiated in 1994 to implement the American Academy of Pediatrics' (AAP) recommendation that infants be placed in the nonprone sleeping position to reduce the risk of the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). This paper offers a challenge to the Back to Sleep Campaign (BTSC) ...
Klonoff-Cohen H - - 2005
AIMS: To investigate whether infants who died of SIDS were more likely to have higher acute and lifetime average exposures to outdoor carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) than comparison healthy infants. METHODS: A total of 169 case and 169 matched control infants born between 1988 and 1992, were ...
Tappin David - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine the hypothesis that bedsharing with an infant is associated with an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). STUDY DESIGN: A 1:2, case:control study in Scotland UK, population 5.1 million, including 123 infants who died of SIDS between January 1, 1996 and May 31, 2000, and ...
Adhikari Prakash - - 2005
The author during his visit to different private and public hospitals of different parts Nepal found that doctors are not so much aware of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). In most of the hospitals, if an infant comes to the emergency department or baby dies in the post natal care/neonatal ...
Lahr Martin B - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Reduction of prone infant sleep position has been the main public health effort to reduce the incidence of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: Oregon Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) surveys a stratified random sample of women after a live birth. In 1998-1999, 1867 women completed the survey ...
Vennemann Mechtild M T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been falling in Germany over the last decade. However, little is known about the prevalence and the importance of well-known risk factors in Germany since a local prevention campaign in 1992. DESIGN: A 3-y, population-based, case-control study was conducted in ...
Forsyth Laura - - 2005
Sudden and unexpected infant deaths can be unexplained [sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)] or explained (non-SIDS) but risk factors including lower birthweight are similar in both groups. Mutations in the glucokinase (GK) gene result in Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young type 2 (MODY 2) and are associated with lower ...
Blair P S - - 2006
To determine the combined effects of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk factors in the sleeping environment for infants who were "small at birth" (pre-term (<37 weeks), low birth weight (<2500 g), or both). A three year population based, case-control study in five former health regions in England (population 17.7 ...
Thompson J M D - - 2006
Mortality from SIDS has declined since the recommendation that infants are not placed prone to sleep. SIDS mortality is higher in infants born preterm than those born at term. To determine if risk factors for SIDS are any different for preterm and term infants. Mortality data over time were used ...
Malloy Michael H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) makes up the largest component of sudden unexpected infant death in the United States. Since the first recommendations for supine placement of infants to prevent SIDS in 1992, SIDS postneonatal mortality rates declined 55% between 1992 and 2001. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this analysis ...
Vennemann M M T - - 2005
AIM: To examine whether symptoms suggestive of infection, health problems, and health care utilisation are risk factors for SIDS. METHODS: Matched case-control study with 333 SIDS infants and 998 control infants matched for region, age, gender, and reference sleep. Information was obtained by parental interview, paediatrician completed questionnaire, and hospital ...
Gilbert Ruth - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Before the early 1990s, parents were advised to place infants to sleep on their front contrary to evidence from clinical research. METHODS: We systematically reviewed associations between infant sleeping positions and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), explored sources of heterogeneity, and compared findings with published recommendations. RESULTS: By 1970, ...
Spitzer Alan R - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To examine recent research relevant to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) to determine whether there is a place for home monitoring in the care of children believed to be at risk. RECENT FINDINGS: Current SIDS research has focused on the genetics of SIDS, brainstem abnormalities and arousal ...
Smith Matthew P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Prehospital providers are often involved in the resuscitation of apparent sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) victims; however, data are few on the presentation and outcome of these patients. OBJECTIVES: To describe the presentation and determine the survival rate of infants who have an unwitnessed, prehospital arrest consistent with SIDS ...
Li Ling - - 2005
The Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) has recorded a significant decline in the deaths of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in the state of Maryland since 1994. However, infants who died of accidental or non-accidental injuries remained consistent during the same time period. This report focuses on the ...
Tuladhar Rita - - 2005
Autonomic dysfunction has been regarded as a possible cause of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and it has been suggested that preterm infants, who are at a greater risk of SIDS than term infants, may have immature autonomic control. Our aim was to compare the maturation of cardiac autonomic ...
Chiu H F - - 2005
The possible association between the risk of death from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and the levels of magnesium in drinking water from municipal supplies was investigated in a matched case-control study in Taiwan. Characteristics for all SIDS deaths (501 cases) among Taiwan residents from 1988 through 1997 were compared ...
Kiechl-Kohlendorfer U - - 2005
AIMS: To investigate the epidemiology and risk factors of apparent life threatening events (ALTE). METHODS: A prospective study enrolled all live-born infants in the Tyrol (1993-2001). Information on pregnancy, sociodemographic characteristics, child care practices, and infant's behaviour in the first four to six weeks of life was collected with a ...
Christiansen Michael - - 2005
In a 7-week-old infant who experienced sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), a novel missense mutation was identified in KCNH2, causing a lysine-to-glutamic acid amino acid substitution at position 101 (K101E). KCNH2 codes for the HERG ion channel and mutations in the gene are associated with congenital long-QT syndrome (LQTS), and ...
Goetter Mary Catherine - - 2005
The incidence of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) has decreased dramatically since the inception of the "Back to Sleep" campaign initiated by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 1992. However, that decrease has leveled off and many new parents cease to follow the recommendation to place their infants in the ...
Anderson Mark E - - 2005
Parental smoking and prone sleep positioning are recognized causal features of Sudden Infant Death. This study quantifies the relationship between prenatal smoking and infant death over the time period of the Back to Sleep campaign in the United States, which encouraged parents to use a supine sleeping position for infants. ...
Pávai Z - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The pathomechanism of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has not been clarified yet. The high rate of early progenitor cells in carotid body has been reported as a pathognomic feature for SIDS. AIM AND STUDY DESIGN: The morphometric analysis was done by NIKON Eclipse microscope with a morphometric program ...
Alexander Russell T - - 2005
We present a study of 102 Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) deaths using a retrospective review of medical examiner autopsy reports. The prevalence of sleep related risk factors with regards to sleep surface, sleep position, and co-sleeping were determined in a population of infants less than 1-year-old. Of the 102 ...
Matturri L - - 2005
The dive reflex is the reflex mechanism most frequently considered in the aetiopathogenesis of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). This seems to persist in human beings as an inheritance from diver birds and amphibians. It has been reported that washing the face with cold water or plunging into cold water ...
Paluszynska Dorota A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have found that back- or side-sleeping infants who are inexperienced in prone sleeping are at much higher risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) when they turn to prone or are placed prone for sleep compared with infants who normally sleep prone. Moreover, such inexperienced infants are ...
Randall Brad - - 2004
The annual report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is attached. This Committee has as its mission the review of infant and child deaths so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives. The 2003 review area includes South Dakota's Minnehaha, Turner, Lincoln, ...
Gabbi G - - 2004
The purpose of this paper was to define the outlook of parents' associations of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Since these groups appear to be the principal recipients of a multifactorial dilemma, their expectations drive not only support teams but also research through fund-raising activities and programming conferences. These points ...
Mage David T - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test whether the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) rate displays the universal winter maximum and summer minimum in Hawaii where there is no appreciable seasonal variation of temperature. DESIGN: The null hypothesis is tested that there is no seasonal variation of necropsied SIDS in Hawaii. The numbers of ...
Parmigiani S - - 2004
To survey epidemiology and to study the etiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and apparent life threatening events (ALTE) in Emilia-Romagna, a web network was constituted. A regional supervisor and a steering committee plan the action of district and local co-ordinators. They keep contact with the Regional Office of ...
Giordano G - - 2004
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) was first defined in the USA as: 'The sudden death of an infant under one year of age which remains unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history'. More recently, ...
Bredemeyer Sandie L - - 2004
The literature suggests that midwives strongly influence parenting practices immediately after birth and during early postnatal management of the newborn. Midwives must therefore be aware of the current evidence and public health recommendations for reducing the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and provide consistent information about use of ...
Bisgard Kristine M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In the United States in the 1990s, the incidence of reported pertussis in adults, adolescents and infants increased; infants younger than 1 year of age had the highest reported incidence. METHODS: In 4 states with Enhanced Pertussis Surveillance, we examined the epidemiology of reported pertussis cases to determine the ...
Kashiwagi Yasuyo - - 2004
We report a child with Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), aged 16 months. The histological findings of tonsils, spleen, and bone marrow revealed many hemophagocytic cells. Parainfluenza virus type 2 (PIV2) was cultured in the nasopharynx and detected by reverse-transcription (RT)-PCR in liver tissue and bone marrow. His laboratory data ...
Nelson E A S - - 2004
A preliminary cross-sectional study of 72 Hong Kong Chinese infants suggested that these infants learn to roll from supine-to-prone before rolling from prone-to-supine i.e. the opposite to teaching in most western texts. Three-hundred and sixty mothers were recruited postpartum and asked to record, on a chart, information related to the ...
Hutchison B Lynne - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Although referrals for nonsynostotic plagiocephaly (NSP) have increased in recent years, the prevalence, natural history, and determinants of the condition have been unclear. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and natural history of NSP in normal infants in the first 2 years of life and ...
Opdal Siri H - - 2004
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is in a difficult position between the legal and medical systems. In the United Kingdom, prosecutors have for years applied the simple rule that 1 unexpected death in a family is a tragedy, 2 are suspicious, and 3 are murder. However, it seems that the ...
Smith Gordon C S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Unexplained stillbirth and the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) share some features. A raised maternal serum level of alpha-fetoprotein during the second trimester of pregnancy is a marker of placental dysfunction and a strong predictor of the risk of unexplained stillbirth. It is unknown whether alpha-fetoprotein levels also predict ...
Töro Klára - - 2004
Infant mortality in Hungary was higher than in other European countries; however, the reported incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been lower than those for Western Europe and the United States. Childhood immunisation has been reported to be a protective factor for SIDS. In Britain, the change to ...
Blood-Siegfried Jane - - 2004
The etiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is unknown but thought to be multifactorial. Several animal models have been developed that induce death without pre-existing symptoms and with pathology similar to that seen in SIDS infants; however, the relevance of these animal models to the events leading to SIDS ...
Korachi May - - 2004
In a previous study an association was shown between SIDS and an interleukin-10 (IL-10) genotype. That study was carried out on frozen, unfixed tissue samples, but these are difficult to obtain. Fixed samples used for pathological examination are available. The purpose of this study was to extend the previous work ...
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