Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1345
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Adhikari Prakash - - 2005
The author during his visit to different private and public hospitals of different parts Nepal found that doctors are not so much aware of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). In most of the hospitals, if an infant comes to the emergency department or baby dies in the post natal care/neonatal ...
Lahr Martin B - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Reduction of prone infant sleep position has been the main public health effort to reduce the incidence of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: Oregon Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) surveys a stratified random sample of women after a live birth. In 1998-1999, 1867 women completed the survey ...
Vennemann Mechtild M T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been falling in Germany over the last decade. However, little is known about the prevalence and the importance of well-known risk factors in Germany since a local prevention campaign in 1992. DESIGN: A 3-y, population-based, case-control study was conducted in ...
Forsyth Laura - - 2005
Sudden and unexpected infant deaths can be unexplained [sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)] or explained (non-SIDS) but risk factors including lower birthweight are similar in both groups. Mutations in the glucokinase (GK) gene result in Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young type 2 (MODY 2) and are associated with lower ...
Blair P S - - 2006
To determine the combined effects of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk factors in the sleeping environment for infants who were "small at birth" (pre-term (<37 weeks), low birth weight (<2500 g), or both). A three year population based, case-control study in five former health regions in England (population 17.7 ...
Thompson J M D - - 2006
Mortality from SIDS has declined since the recommendation that infants are not placed prone to sleep. SIDS mortality is higher in infants born preterm than those born at term. To determine if risk factors for SIDS are any different for preterm and term infants. Mortality data over time were used ...
Malloy Michael H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) makes up the largest component of sudden unexpected infant death in the United States. Since the first recommendations for supine placement of infants to prevent SIDS in 1992, SIDS postneonatal mortality rates declined 55% between 1992 and 2001. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this analysis ...
Vennemann M M T - - 2005
AIM: To examine whether symptoms suggestive of infection, health problems, and health care utilisation are risk factors for SIDS. METHODS: Matched case-control study with 333 SIDS infants and 998 control infants matched for region, age, gender, and reference sleep. Information was obtained by parental interview, paediatrician completed questionnaire, and hospital ...
Gilbert Ruth - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Before the early 1990s, parents were advised to place infants to sleep on their front contrary to evidence from clinical research. METHODS: We systematically reviewed associations between infant sleeping positions and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), explored sources of heterogeneity, and compared findings with published recommendations. RESULTS: By 1970, ...
Spitzer Alan R - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To examine recent research relevant to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) to determine whether there is a place for home monitoring in the care of children believed to be at risk. RECENT FINDINGS: Current SIDS research has focused on the genetics of SIDS, brainstem abnormalities and arousal ...
Smith Matthew P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Prehospital providers are often involved in the resuscitation of apparent sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) victims; however, data are few on the presentation and outcome of these patients. OBJECTIVES: To describe the presentation and determine the survival rate of infants who have an unwitnessed, prehospital arrest consistent with SIDS ...
Li Ling - - 2005
The Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) has recorded a significant decline in the deaths of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in the state of Maryland since 1994. However, infants who died of accidental or non-accidental injuries remained consistent during the same time period. This report focuses on the ...
Tuladhar Rita - - 2005
Autonomic dysfunction has been regarded as a possible cause of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and it has been suggested that preterm infants, who are at a greater risk of SIDS than term infants, may have immature autonomic control. Our aim was to compare the maturation of cardiac autonomic ...
Chiu H F - - 2005
The possible association between the risk of death from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and the levels of magnesium in drinking water from municipal supplies was investigated in a matched case-control study in Taiwan. Characteristics for all SIDS deaths (501 cases) among Taiwan residents from 1988 through 1997 were compared ...
Kiechl-Kohlendorfer U - - 2005
AIMS: To investigate the epidemiology and risk factors of apparent life threatening events (ALTE). METHODS: A prospective study enrolled all live-born infants in the Tyrol (1993-2001). Information on pregnancy, sociodemographic characteristics, child care practices, and infant's behaviour in the first four to six weeks of life was collected with a ...
Christiansen Michael - - 2005
In a 7-week-old infant who experienced sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), a novel missense mutation was identified in KCNH2, causing a lysine-to-glutamic acid amino acid substitution at position 101 (K101E). KCNH2 codes for the HERG ion channel and mutations in the gene are associated with congenital long-QT syndrome (LQTS), and ...
Goetter Mary Catherine - - 2005
The incidence of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) has decreased dramatically since the inception of the "Back to Sleep" campaign initiated by the American Academy of Pediatrics in 1992. However, that decrease has leveled off and many new parents cease to follow the recommendation to place their infants in the ...
Anderson Mark E - - 2005
Parental smoking and prone sleep positioning are recognized causal features of Sudden Infant Death. This study quantifies the relationship between prenatal smoking and infant death over the time period of the Back to Sleep campaign in the United States, which encouraged parents to use a supine sleeping position for infants. ...
Pávai Z - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The pathomechanism of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has not been clarified yet. The high rate of early progenitor cells in carotid body has been reported as a pathognomic feature for SIDS. AIM AND STUDY DESIGN: The morphometric analysis was done by NIKON Eclipse microscope with a morphometric program ...
Alexander Russell T - - 2005
We present a study of 102 Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) deaths using a retrospective review of medical examiner autopsy reports. The prevalence of sleep related risk factors with regards to sleep surface, sleep position, and co-sleeping were determined in a population of infants less than 1-year-old. Of the 102 ...
Matturri L - - 2005
The dive reflex is the reflex mechanism most frequently considered in the aetiopathogenesis of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). This seems to persist in human beings as an inheritance from diver birds and amphibians. It has been reported that washing the face with cold water or plunging into cold water ...
Paluszynska Dorota A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have found that back- or side-sleeping infants who are inexperienced in prone sleeping are at much higher risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) when they turn to prone or are placed prone for sleep compared with infants who normally sleep prone. Moreover, such inexperienced infants are ...
Randall Brad - - 2004
The annual report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is attached. This Committee has as its mission the review of infant and child deaths so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives. The 2003 review area includes South Dakota's Minnehaha, Turner, Lincoln, ...
Gabbi G - - 2004
The purpose of this paper was to define the outlook of parents' associations of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Since these groups appear to be the principal recipients of a multifactorial dilemma, their expectations drive not only support teams but also research through fund-raising activities and programming conferences. These points ...
Mage David T - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test whether the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) rate displays the universal winter maximum and summer minimum in Hawaii where there is no appreciable seasonal variation of temperature. DESIGN: The null hypothesis is tested that there is no seasonal variation of necropsied SIDS in Hawaii. The numbers of ...
Parmigiani S - - 2004
To survey epidemiology and to study the etiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and apparent life threatening events (ALTE) in Emilia-Romagna, a web network was constituted. A regional supervisor and a steering committee plan the action of district and local co-ordinators. They keep contact with the Regional Office of ...
Giordano G - - 2004
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) was first defined in the USA as: 'The sudden death of an infant under one year of age which remains unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history'. More recently, ...
Bredemeyer Sandie L - - 2004
The literature suggests that midwives strongly influence parenting practices immediately after birth and during early postnatal management of the newborn. Midwives must therefore be aware of the current evidence and public health recommendations for reducing the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and provide consistent information about use of ...
Bisgard Kristine M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In the United States in the 1990s, the incidence of reported pertussis in adults, adolescents and infants increased; infants younger than 1 year of age had the highest reported incidence. METHODS: In 4 states with Enhanced Pertussis Surveillance, we examined the epidemiology of reported pertussis cases to determine the ...
Kashiwagi Yasuyo - - 2004
We report a child with Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), aged 16 months. The histological findings of tonsils, spleen, and bone marrow revealed many hemophagocytic cells. Parainfluenza virus type 2 (PIV2) was cultured in the nasopharynx and detected by reverse-transcription (RT)-PCR in liver tissue and bone marrow. His laboratory data ...
Nelson E A S - - 2004
A preliminary cross-sectional study of 72 Hong Kong Chinese infants suggested that these infants learn to roll from supine-to-prone before rolling from prone-to-supine i.e. the opposite to teaching in most western texts. Three-hundred and sixty mothers were recruited postpartum and asked to record, on a chart, information related to the ...
Hutchison B Lynne - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Although referrals for nonsynostotic plagiocephaly (NSP) have increased in recent years, the prevalence, natural history, and determinants of the condition have been unclear. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and natural history of NSP in normal infants in the first 2 years of life and ...
Opdal Siri H - - 2004
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is in a difficult position between the legal and medical systems. In the United Kingdom, prosecutors have for years applied the simple rule that 1 unexpected death in a family is a tragedy, 2 are suspicious, and 3 are murder. However, it seems that the ...
Smith Gordon C S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Unexplained stillbirth and the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) share some features. A raised maternal serum level of alpha-fetoprotein during the second trimester of pregnancy is a marker of placental dysfunction and a strong predictor of the risk of unexplained stillbirth. It is unknown whether alpha-fetoprotein levels also predict ...
Töro Klára - - 2004
Infant mortality in Hungary was higher than in other European countries; however, the reported incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been lower than those for Western Europe and the United States. Childhood immunisation has been reported to be a protective factor for SIDS. In Britain, the change to ...
Blood-Siegfried Jane - - 2004
The etiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is unknown but thought to be multifactorial. Several animal models have been developed that induce death without pre-existing symptoms and with pathology similar to that seen in SIDS infants; however, the relevance of these animal models to the events leading to SIDS ...
Korachi May - - 2004
In a previous study an association was shown between SIDS and an interleukin-10 (IL-10) genotype. That study was carried out on frozen, unfixed tissue samples, but these are difficult to obtain. Fixed samples used for pathological examination are available. The purpose of this study was to extend the previous work ...
Harrison Linda M - - 2004
The common bacterial toxins hypothesis of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is that nasopharyngeal bacterial toxins can trigger events leading to death in infants with absent/low levels of antibody that can neutralise the toxins. The aim of this study was to investigate nasopharyngeal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and determine levels ...
Moscovis Sophia M - - 2004
Uncontrolled pro-inflammatory responses to infections or bacterial toxins have been suggested to play a role in triggering the physiological events leading to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). We tested the hypothesis that these uncontrolled responses might be due to interactions between the gene polymorphisms inducing low levels of IL-10 and ...
Montomoli Cristina - - 2004
The aim of this paper is to estimate the infant mortality rate and the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Lombardy, Northern Italy, in the period 1990-2000 and to provide basic information for a subsequent comparison of the SIDS incidence before and after the risk-intervention campaign. A retrospective ...
Blackwell C Caroline - - 2004
Epidemiological studies found the incidence of SIDS among Indigenous groups such as Aboriginal Australians, New Zealand Maoris and Native Americans were significantly higher than those for non-Indigenous groups within the same countries. Among other groups such as Asian families in Britain, the incidence of SIDS has been lower than among ...
Gleeson Maree - - 2004
This study examined the hypothesis that dysregulation of mucosal immune responses to respiratory infections is a critical event, which could be causal in respiratory arrest of some previously healthy infants. To examine this hypothesis, a prospective study was undertaken of infants presenting to the emergency department of a major teaching ...
Tong Shilu - - 2004
Although the rate of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been reduced with the 'Back to Sleep' campaign, SIDS is still a common cause of death in infancy. A range of environmental factors may interact to contribute to the adverse health conditions conducive to SIDS. Nine studies have evaluated the ...
Moscovis Sophia M - - 2004
We tested the hypothesis that significantly higher IL-1beta responses to toxic shock syndrome toxin (TSST) noted for parents of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) infants might be due in part to genetic factors such as the IL-1beta (C-511T) and IL-1RN (T+2018C) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP). The first objective was to ...
Vege Ashild - - 2004
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is sudden unexpected death in infancy for which there is no explanation after review of the history, a death scene investigation and a thorough autopsy. The use of common diagnostic criteria is a prerequisite for discussing the importance of infection, inflammatory responses and trigger mechanism ...
Goldwater Paul N - - 2004
This article explores the pathological evidence that supports the hypothesis that infection and inflammation are underlying mechanisms in SIDS. It reviews the pathological findings in relation to the risk factors reported for SIDS and compares these findings with other hypotheses suggested as causes of these unexplained deaths in infants. The ...
Pearce Jane L - - 2004
Despite the identification of risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and decreased SIDS rates in many countries, there is still no coherent, widely accepted, mechanistic explanation for SIDS. As an extension of our work on the infectious aetiology of SIDS, we have explored the prediction that infectious agents ...
Byard R W - - 2004
The diagnosis of causes of sudden infant death is an often complex and difficult process. Variable standards of autopsy practice and the use of different definitions for entities such as sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) have also contributed to confusion and discrepancies. For example, the term SIDS has been used ...
Gassner Heidi L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Adrenal crisis from salt-losing congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) typically occurs in the first 2 weeks of life. We evaluated 3 infants with adrenal crisis who presented at 6 to 8 months of age with near-miss sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). SUBJECTS: Three 46,XY phenotypic female infants presented near death ...
Wall Melanie M - - 2004
This paper is concerned with the formation of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) rates over time. Because of differential numbers of births throughout the year, a new SIDS rate is developed that takes into account the changing number of infants at risk and in particular the changing age distribution throughout ...
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