Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1359
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Nishizawa Yoshiki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Local force distribution supporting the bodyweight of infants with Down syndrome (DS) appears to be different from that of healthy controls. The purpose of the present study was to establish methods to assess this force distribution and to allow therapeutic evaluation of neurological development in DS infants prior to ...
Aris Christine - - 2006
Infants requiring neonatal intensive care are often placed prone during their acute illness. After hospital discharge the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends supine sleep position to reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Little is known about nursing knowledge and practice regarding best sleep positions for infants ...
Shah Tushar - - 2006
We investigated the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on the relative risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) by linking data from Georgia birth and death certificates from 1997 to 2000. We estimated the effect of misclassifying smokers as non-smokers and the effect of being misclassified on SIDS rates, ...
Debertin A S - - 2006
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) is the principal inductive site for mucosal immune responses that are capable of T and B cell responses and antigen-specific responses. In previous independent studies different structures of MALT, e.g. bronchus-, larynx- and nose-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT, LALT, NALT) have been described separately in various frequencies ...
Edirisinghe Anuruddhi - - 2006
In the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) a sleeping infant is discovered lifeless. SIDS is a recognized medical disorder in the International Classification of Deaths. However, the Annual Health Bulletin of Sri Lanka has not documented any death due to SIDS. A post-mortem examination was performed according to the SIDS ...
Krueger Guenther - - 2006
The reconstruction of meaning in the aftermath of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is part of the grieving process but has to date been poorly understood. Earlier theorists including Freud, Bowlby and Kübler-Ross provided a foundation for what occurs during this time using stage theories. More recent researchers, often using ...
Hauge Opdal Siri - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the Gbeta3 subunit C825T polymorphism with regard to sudden unexpected infant death. The reported association between the Gbeta3s protein and increased immune cell function in humans makes this polymorphism highly interesting both with regard to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and deleterious infectious disease. METHODS: The cases ...
Vennemann M - - 2007
In Germany, 2910 infants died in 2004; for many infants the reason was clear, especially prematurity or congenital abnormalities. However, 394 babies die every year suddenly and unexpectedly. The cause may be immediately clear, but is often not obvious. (1) To describe the causes of explained sudden unexpected death in ...
Moscovis Sophia M - - 2006
The aims of this study were to analyze IL6 G-174C in relation to high interleukin (IL)-6 concentrations found in some sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) infants, and to assess the effects of IL6 G-174C, smoking status, and gender on IL-6 responses. SIDS infants, parents of SIDS infants, and populations with ...
Colson Eve R - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The risk for sudden infant death syndrome in black infants is twice that of white infants, and their parents are less likely to place them in the supine position for sleep. We previously identified barriers for parents to follow recommendations for sleep position. Our objective with this study was ...
Krous Henry F - - 2006
The potential diagnostic significance of prior family referral to Child Protective Services (CPS) in cases of sudden infant death is unknown. Therefore, the authors retrospectively searched for CPS data for the 5-year referral history on all 533 families whose infants died suddenly from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), other natural ...
Fredriksen S - - 2006
In this article, tragedy and utopia are juxtaposed, and it is proposed that the problem of "medicalisation" is better understood in a framework of tragedy than in a utopian one. In utopia, it is presupposed that there is an error behind every setback and every side effect, whereas tragedy brings ...
Brookman Fiona - - 2006
Infants aged younger than 12 months have the highest homicide victimization rate of any single age group in England and Wales. In addition, there are good grounds for believing that the official homicide statistics for this particular age group are an underestimate and subject to distortion. At the same time ...
Hunt Carl E - - 2006
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) continues to be the most common cause of postneonatal infant death. SIDS is a complex, multifactorial disorder, the cause of which is still not fully understood. However, much is known now about environmental risk factors, some of which are modifiable. These include maternal and antenatal ...
Randall Brad - - 2006
The annual report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is presented. This Committee has as its mission the review of infant and child deaths so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives. The 2004 review area includes South Dakota's Minnehaha, Turner, Lincoln, ...
Bruggink Janneke L M - - 2006
In this study, we investigated whether the Achilles tendon reflex (ATR) in healthy infants is modulated by changes in body position (prone vs. supine). The amplitude of the ATR was compared at postnatal day 1, months 2, 3 and 6, while infants were placed in prone and supine position. The ...
Mitchell E A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to review the evidence for a reduction in the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) with pacifier ("dummy" or "soother") use, to discuss possible mechanisms for the reduction in SIDS risk, and to review other possible health effects of pacifiers. RESULTS: There is a remarkably ...
Woodruff Tracey J - - 2006
Studies suggest that airborne particulate matter (PM) may be associated with postneonatal infant mortality, particularly with respiratory causes and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). To further explore this issue, we examined the relationship between long-term exposure to fine PM air pollution and postneonatal infant mortality in California. We linked monitoring ...
Sakai Jun - - 2007
Rebreathing is a model for the relationship between a prone sleeping position and sudden infant death syndrome. This study used a mechanical simulation model to establish the relationship between types of bedding and rebreathing potential for an infant placed prone (face down) at different postnatal ages. The infant mannequin was ...
Shapiro-Mendoza Carrie K - - 2006
The recent US decline in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) rates may be explained by a shift in how these deaths are classified or reported. To examine this hypothesis, the authors compared cause-specific mortality rates for SIDS, other sudden, unexpected infant deaths, and cause unknown/unspecified, and they evaluated trends in ...
Hilaire Gérard - - 2006
Breathing is a vital, rhythmic motor act that is required for blood oxygenation and oxygen delivery to the whole body. Therefore, the brainstem network responsible for the elaboration of the respiratory rhythm must function from the very first moments of extrauterine life. In this review, it is shown that the ...
Morrison Clinton S - - 2006
Positional plagiocephaly is a deformation resulting from intrauterine constraint or postnatal positioning leading to asymmetrical cranial growth. There has been a steady increase in referrals for positional plagiocephaly following the release of the American Academy of Pediatrics recommendation of supine infant sleeping position to prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) ...
Arntzen Annett - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We recently reported increased social inequality for post-neonatal death. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between socioeconomic status and cause-specific post-neonatal death. METHODS: All 1,483,857 live births recorded in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway from 1969-95 with information on parents' education were included. ...
Alm Bernt - - 2006
The recognition of prone sleeping and maternal smoking as modifiable risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), has drastically decreased SIDS incidence. However, during the last years other factors have become necessary to consider to further reduce the risk of SIDS. Side sleeping implies a greater risk than supine ...
Krous Henry F - - 2006
Pulmonary intra-alveolar siderophages (PS) have been suggested as a marker of previous attempts at imposed suffocation in infants dying suddenly and unexpectedly. The aims of this study were to (1) compare PS counts between cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and a control group comprised of infants whose deaths ...
Alm B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the current prevalence of risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Sweden with a decade earlier, and assess factors associated with prone sleeping. METHODS: The results of a cohort study (Infants of Western Sweden) and a population based case-control study (Nordic Epidemiological SIDS Study) were ...
Makielski Jonathan C - - 2006
In this issue of the JCI, Bowers et al. show that the common polymorphism of the cardiac voltage-gated sodium channel, type Valpha (SCN5A), designated S1103Y, found in African Americans is associated with an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Wild-type and mutant SCN5A channels both functioned typically under ...
Blair Peter S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Results of case-control studies in the past 5 years suggest that the epidemiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has changed since the 1991 UK Back to Sleep campaign. The campaign's advice that parents put babies on their back to sleep led to a fall in death rates. We ...
Halloran Donna R - - 2006
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to (i) reexamine risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and (ii) describe the relationship between length of gestation and age at death from SIDS. METHODS: To evaluate risk factors for SIDS, we used multivariable logistic regression and included maternal demographic characteristics, ...
Dettmeyer R B - - 2006
After inconspicuous pregnancy and birth, a 16-year-old mother presented her male baby 5 days later with severe diarrhoea and vomiting. During the following weeks, the child temporarily showed hypotension, hypothermia and increased body temperature, bradyarrythmia with apnoea, continuing diarrhoea, sometimes vomiting and developed signs of pancreatic insufficiency. Due to increasing ...
Vennemann M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Before reunification, the post-neonatal mortality rate was lower in East Germany than in West Germany. Moreover, the incidence of SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome) was much lower in the East. METHODS: Mortality data on sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) from West and East Germany since 1980 as well as ...
Huang Zheng-Gui - - 2006
Hypercapnia evokes a strong cardiorespiratory response including gasping and a pronounced bradycardia; however, the mechanism responsible for these survival responses initiated in the brainstem is unknown. To examine the effects of hypercapnia on the central cardiorespiratory network, we used an in vitro medullary slice that allows simultaneous examination of rhythmic ...
Smith Gordon C S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop a simple robust method for assessing the risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) on the basis of obstetric characteristics. METHODS: A population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted of data from the linked Scottish Morbidity Record, Stillbirth and Infant Death Enquiry and General Registrar's Office ...
Hutchison Lynne - - 2006
AIM: To survey the knowledge and implementation of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)-protective infant care practices in mothers of infants aged less than 4 months. METHODS: A postal survey was carried out of knowledge of SIDS risk factors and infant care practices of 200 mothers with infants aged 6-8 weeks ...
Hering Robert - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) constitutes the most frequent cause of death in the postperinatal period in Germany. Recently, a lethal phenotype characterized by sudden infant death with dysgenesis of the testes syndrome (SIDDT) was identified to be caused by loss of function mutations in the TSPYL1 gene. PURPOSE: ...
Smith Gordon C S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The likelihood of recurrence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is an issue of biological, clinical, and legal interest. Obstetric complications are associated with an increased risk of SIDS and are likely to recur in subsequent pregnancies. We postulated that women whose infants died from SIDS would be more ...
Nelson Tony - - 2005
AIM: To document causes of all unexpected child deaths under 2 years of age during a 4-year period (1999-2003), and to identify factors associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Hong Kong. METHODS: The case-control component of the study compared information from SIDS deaths (n=16) with healthy controls (n=223) ...
Li De-Kun - - 2006
To examine the association between use of a dummy (pacifier) during sleep and the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in relation to other risk factors. Population based case-control study. Eleven counties in California. Mothers or carers of 185 infants whose deaths were attributed to SIDS and 312 randomly ...
Grieve Philip G - - 2005
AIMS: (1) To confirm that head-up tilting causes sustained increases in the heart rate (HR) of newborn infants but not during the period of maximum vulnerability to SIDS at 2-4 mo of age, and (2) to determine whether electrocortical activation (changes in high-frequency EEG power) also shows topographic and age-dependent ...
Freemantle C J - - 2005
The diagnosis of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has undergone several changes in definition since first being recognised as a cause of death. Linked total population data from Western Australia enable investigations to determine changes in classifications of mortality for the infants of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal mothers (Aboriginal and Torres ...
Thach Bradley T - - 2005
Although sudden death in infants resulting from cardiac arrhythmias are well documented these appear to account for no more than 5-10% of SIDS cases. Sudden respiratory failure currently is viewed as the most likely cause of death in the remainder. Accidental asphyxiation appears to have a causal role in less ...
Horne Rosemary S C - - 2005
During the first year of life there is significant maturation of the hypoxic ventilatory response (HVR) in human infants. Compared with adults, healthy term infants have an immature HVR until at least 6 months of age. There are few studies in infants on the effects of sleep state on the ...
Emery Michael J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that among infants who die unexpectedly, testosterone and/or estradiol levels are elevated in those diagnosed with SIDS versus those with known causes of death (controls). STUDY DESIGN: Postmortem blood was collected and coded from infant autopsies, and serum was prepared and frozen until assayed for ...
Colson Eve R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: African American infants have a higher incidence of SIDS and increased risk of being placed in the prone position for sleep. OBJECTIVE: To determine new barriers and more information about previously identified barriers that interfere with adherence to the Back-to-Sleep recommendations among inner-city, primarily African Americans. DESIGN/METHODS: We conducted ...
Raydo Linda J Levy - - 2005
The American Academy of Pediatrics first recommended in 1992 that infants be placed on their backs for sleep to reduce the risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Since that time, there has been a national drop in the incidence of SIDS of more than 40 percent. Unfortunately, many parents ...
Landi Kristen - - 2005
The investigation of sudden death of infants varies, and death rates may depend on local practices of death certification. We studied the extent of the investigation and the final cause of death (COD) in 3 regions: New York, New York, USA (NY); King County, Washington, USA (KC); and Montevideo, Uruguay ...
Pickett Kate E - - 2005
In 1994, the US Public Health Service launched the "Back to Sleep" campaign, promoting the supine sleep position to prevent sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Studies of SIDS in the United States have generally found socioeconomic and race disparities. Our objective was to see whether the "Back to Sleep" campaign, ...
McGarvey C - - 2006
It is unclear if it is safe for babies to bed share with adults. In Ireland 49% of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases occur when the infant is bed-sharing with an adult. To evaluate the effect of bed-sharing during the last sleep period on risk factors for SIDS in ...
Mann N S - - 2006
The etiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is not known. Various maternal and infant risk factors have been identified. Adoption of the non-prone position has reduced the incidence of SIDS but has not eliminated the problem. Some sulfate reducing bacteria in the colon produce hydrogen sulfide (H2S) which is ...
- - 2005
There has been a major decrease in the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) since the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released its recommendation in 1992 that infants be placed down for sleep in a nonprone position. Although the SIDS rate continues to fall, some of the recent decrease ...
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