Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1362
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Malloy Michael H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been associated with poverty indirectly in the United States with the use of vital statistics data by using proxies of socioeconomic status such as maternal education. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this analysis was to examine the relationship of poverty to SIDS at an ...
Robb Michael P - - 2007
AIM: To examine the acoustic features of crying demonstrated by infants whose older sibling died of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and compare these features to a nonrisk group of infants. METHODS: Pain-induced crying episodes were collected from a group of healthy term (HT) infants and siblings of SIDS infants. ...
Krous Henry F - - 2008
Epidemiologic data suggest that SIDS is related to the sleep state, but exiguous literature has addressed infants who had been awake at the time of sudden catastrophic deterioration and subsequent death. The aims of this study are to: (1) Report five infants who were awake at the onset of the ...
Marmur Rachel - - 2007
The objective of this study was to assess the role of the newborn vestibular system on the infant's preferred position. Neonatal electronystagmography was recorded from 80 full-term healthy neonates in the prone and supine positions. Records were analyzed by the clinical ranking of dysmetria and dysrhythmia and computerized fractal analysis. ...
Randall Brad - - 2007
The 2006 annual report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is attached. This committee's mission is to review infant and child deaths so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives. The 2006 review region includes South Dakota's Minnehaha, Turner, Lincoln, Moody, Lake, ...
Shields Lisa B E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is defined as a diagnosis of exclusion, after an evaluation of the medical history, complete postmortem examination, and scene investigation. The diagnosis of SIDS in many sudden and unexplained infant deaths has not been consistently applied nationally or, prior to July 2003, in the ...
Howard Louise M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there is an association between sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and perinatal depression. METHOD: A case-control study design was used. Cases included women registered in a British primary care database with a live birth (1987-2000) and a subsequent SIDS death. Controls were women with a live ...
Rand Casey M - - 2007
Recent studies have identified abnormalities in the development and function of medullary serotonin (5-HT) pathways in postmortem brain from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases, suggesting 5-HT-mediated dysregulation of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) in SIDS. The human fifth Ewing variant (FEV) gene is specifically expressed in central 5-HT neurons ...
Moon Rachel Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of death among infants. Recently, new SIDS risk factors have emerged. OBJECTIVE: To determine knowledge and recommendations of pediatricians and family physicians regarding SIDS-relevant practices. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 3005 pediatricians and family physicians. RESULTS: Of the 783 respondents, pediatricians ...
Rubens Daniel D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the newborn transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) hearing screening tests of infants later diagnosed with the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). STUDY DESIGN: In a case-controlled study, the newborn TEOAE hearing screens of 31 infants who subsequently died of SIDS were retrospectively compared to those of 31 ...
Dettmeyer Reinhard - - 2008
Immunohistochemical and molecularpathologic techniques have improved the diagnosis of myocarditis as compared with conventional histologic staining methods done according to the Dallas criteria. Additionally, immunohistochemistry and in situ-hybridization are able to demonstrate viral infection, e.g. cytomegaloviruses in salivary glands and lungs, locations both known to be involved in cytomegalovirusinfection. However, ...
Bacon C J - - 2008
Recurrence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is rare but may give rise to confusion and controversy because of the differential diagnoses of familial disease or covert homicide. We examine eight studies of recurrent SIDS published in English since 1970. These studies reported relative risks of recurrence, as compared with ...
Leiter J C - - 2007
The likely processes of the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) were identified many years ago (apnea, failed arousal, failed autoresuscitation, etc.). The neurophysiological basis of these processes and the neurophysiological reasons some infants die of SIDS and others do not are, however, only emerging now. We reviewed recent studies that ...
Kahlert Christian - - 2007
This study was undertaken to determine the role of opiate use during pregnancy as a predisposing factor for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in infants born to HIV-infected mothers. In order to identify all infant deaths and their cause and association with maternal opiate use, the data of a nationwide ...
Wilson, C. Elizabeth.
The recorded rates of Sudden infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) are highest among Aboriginal infants. In non-Aboriginal communities, the rate of SIDS has decreased after interventions into infant care practices, such as sleeping infants in the supine position. Prior to intervention, it is necessary to know the infant care strategies utilized ...
Schluter Philip J - - 2007
AIM: To report infant care practice prevalence for known modifiable sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk factors among a generally disadvantaged yet low-SIDS rate population of mothers with Pacific infants. METHODS: The Pacific Islands Families study follows a cohort of Pacific infants born at a large tertiary hospital in South ...
Forsyth L - - 2007
Genetic deficiencies of the hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase system, either of the enzyme (G6PC1) or of the glucose-6-phosphate transporter (G6PT1), result in fasting hypoglycaemia. Low hepatic G6PC1 activities were previously reported in a few term sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) infants and assumed to be due to G6PC1 genetic deficiencies. In preterm ...
Markowitz Sara - - 2008
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of mortality among infants and is responsible for thousands of infant deaths every year. Prenatal smoking and postnatal environmental smoke have been identified as strong risk factors for SIDS. Given the link between smoking and SIDS, this paper examines the direct ...
Mitchell Edwin A - - 2007
The "Back to Sleep" campaign resulted in a dramatic decrease in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) worldwide. SIDS mortality has continued to decline (in New Zealand by 63% from 1993 to 2004), but the reason for this has not been explained. A postal survey found that the proportion of infants ...
Krous Henry F - - 2007
Whether levels of fetal hemoglobin (HbF), a possible marker of antecedent hypoxemia, are increased in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) compared to controls is unresolved. Our aims are to: (1) Compare percent fetal hemoglobin (%HbF) levels in SIDS and control cases, and (2) compare our findings with those reported in ...
Machaalani R - - 2007
In a retrospective postmortem study, we examined the neuronal expression of active caspase-3, a specific apoptotic marker, in the brainstem of 67 infants dying from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and 25 age-matched control infants (non-SIDS). Neuronal immunostaining for active caspase-3 was semi-quantitatively scored in nuclei from five brainstem levels: ...
Vennemann M M T - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There are claims that immunisations cause sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), but some studies have found either no association or that they are associated with a reduced risk of SIDS. AIMS: To conduct a meta-analysis examining the relationship between immunisation and SIDS. METHODS: Nine case-controls studies were identified examining ...
Gauda Estelle B - - 2007
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the major cause of death in infants between 1 month and 1 year of age. Two particular concerns are that (1) premature or low birth weight (<2500-g) infants have a 2- to 40-fold greater risk of dying of SIDS (depending on the sleep position) ...
Cutz Ernest - - 2007
Pulmonary neuroendocrine cells (PNEC), including neuroepithelial bodies (NEB), are amine- and peptide (for example, bombesin)-producing cells that function as hypoxia/hypercapnia-sensitive chemoreceptors that could be involved in the pathophysiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). We assessed morphometrically the frequency and size of PNEC/NEB in lungs of infants who died of ...
Sharma B R - - 2007
During the last decade, much attention has been paid to the risk factors of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Many researchers have demonstrated that infant-care practices are linked to the risk of SIDS. Prone sleeping, bed sharing, maternal substance abuse, and cigarette smoking have been reported to be significant potentially ...
Horsley Tanya - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine evidence of benefits and harms to children associated with bed sharing, factors (eg, smoking) altering bed sharing risk, and effective strategies for reducing harms associated with bed sharing. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Healthstar, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, Turning Research Into Practice, and Allied and Alternative Medicine databases ...
Krous Henry F - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: (1) To compare demographic profiles among sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) infants with or without gastric aspiration, for whom cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) had not been attempted; (2) to review the severity and potential significance of aspiration in those SIDS cases; and (3) to assess the risk of supine sleep ...
Hudson Diana - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study analyzed records of boating or other watercraft-related events in Alaska from 1999-2004, where at least one drowning occurred, to identify factors associated with survivors of these same events. DATA: Records of recreational boating events involving at least one fatality were obtained through the U.S. Coast Guard. ...
Malloy Michael H - - 2007
Small for gestational age (SGA) infants have been reported to be at higher risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). To compare the risk of SIDS among SGA and large for gestational age (LGA) infants with that of death from other causes of sudden unexpected deaths in infancy (SUDI) and ...
Petrova Anna - - 2007
The neutrophils and complement system are the critical elements of innate immunity mainly due to participation in the first line of defense against microorganisms by means of phagocytosis, lysis of bacteria and activation of naive B-lymphocytes. In this report we provide an overview of the up to date information regarding ...
Edner Ann - - 2007
AIM: To compare known risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) amongst infants with apparent life threatening events (ALTE) with their matched controls, and ALTE infants who subsequently died of SIDS with infants surviving an ALTE. METHODS: Questionnaires with replies were obtained from 58 ALTE infants and 56 sex ...
Takatsu Akihiro - - 2007
The diagnosis of the cause of sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) is often difficult work for forensic pathologists. Its misdiagnosis or misclassification is the cause of crucial epidemiological and medicolegal problems. During the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) epidemic, many reports described the risk factors of SIDS as well as ...
Balci Yasemin - - 2007
The simultaneous sudden deaths of twins rarely occur and therefore it has received limited attention in the medical literature. When the deaths of the twins meet the defined criteria for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) independently and take place within the same 24 h range it can be called as ...
Wilson Ann L - - 2007
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) has dramatically declined nationally and in South Dakota since the beginning of the "Back to Sleep Campaign" in 1994. Nonetheless, in spite of data showing that the majority of babies now are placed on their backs, data from the US and South Dakota show that ...
Mitchell E A - - 2007
This article reviews the evidence for the current UK Department of Health recommendations for prevention of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and suggests other factors that should be considered. The wording of the Department of Health recommendations for SIDS prevention has changed over the past 6 years, but the specific ...
McKenna James J - - 2007
Twenty years ago a new area of inquiry was launched when anthropologists proposed that an evolutionary perspective on infancy could contribute to our understanding of unexplained infant deaths. Here we review two decades of research examining parent-infant sleep practices and the variability of maternal and infant sleep physiology and behavior ...
Barnes-Josiah Debora L - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of "This Side Up" T-shirts on parental practices in Nebraska. METHODS: A random sample of 3,210 Nebraska women who gave birth in 2004, stratified by race/ethnicity, was mailed a brief questionnaire on their receipt of a T-shirt and SIDS risk reduction materials at their birthing ...
Wilson Ann L - - 2007
The year 2005 brought an increase in the number of births in South Dakota and a decrease in both low birth weight and infant mortality for both its white and American Indian babies. Paralleling national trends, this report shows that South Dakota has declining rates of smoking during pregnancy, births ...
Haycock George - - 2007
Despite a considerable fall in numbers over the last 15 years, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) remains the commonest cause of death of infants between one month and one year of age in the U.K. The cause of SIDS is unknown and there may be several causes, some specific to ...
Vargas Sergio L - - 2007
We compared the frequency of Pneumocystis in 126 sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases with a control group of 24 infants from the San Diego SIDS/SUDC Research Project who died of accidental or inflicted injuries. Cysts were identified in 33% of SIDS cases and 29% of controls. We conclude that ...
Cronk Lisa B - - 2007
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is one of the leading causes of death during the first year of life. Long QT syndrome (LQTS)-associated mutations may be responsible for 5% to 10% of SIDS cases. We recently established CAV3-encoded caveolin-3 as a novel LQTS-associated gene with mutations producing a gain-of-function, LQT3-like ...
Flaig Christian - - 2007
Despite extensive research, a link between the assumed mechanisms of death and known risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has not yet been established. Modifiable risk factors such as prone sleeping position, nicotine exposure and thermal stress and non-avoidable risk factors like male gender and some risky socio-economic ...
Adler Michelle R - - 2006
Non-supine sleep position and parental tobacco use are known risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Recent studies show that co-sleeping (bed sharing) slightly increases the overall risk of SIDS (strength of recommendation [SOR]: B) and is greatest for infants less than 11 weeks old (SOR: B). The relationship ...
Clegg-Lamptey J N A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the normal (non-inflamed) position of the vermiform appendix in Ghana and carry out a pilot study to test the hypothesis "The retrocaecal appendix is less prone to inflammation". DESIGN: Retrospective autopsy study. SETTING: The pathology department and the department of surgery theatres of the Korle Bu Teaching ...
Blair P S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diurnal occurrence of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and interaction with established risk factors in the infant sleeping environment. METHODS: A 3 year population-based case-control study, in five English Health Regions. Parentally defined day-time or night-time deaths of 325 SIDS infants and reference sleep of 1300 ...
Losiniecki Andy - - 2006
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the unexpected death of an infant under the age of 1 year, where a complete autopsy, including scene investigation, fails to reveal a cause of death. Although the frequency of SIDS has decreased almost 50% over the past 10 years, it remains the leading ...
Hanzer Marie - - 2007
The aim of this study was to determine whether prematurity affects heart rate responses during spontaneous arousals. Polygraphic recordings were performed during undisturbed daytime naps in 35 preterm infants (gestational age at birth 32+/-2 weeks) and 35 term infants. Arousals were scored according to the recommendations of the International Paediatric ...
Thoman Evelyn B - - 2006
Co-sleeping-infants sharing the mother's sleep space-has prevailed throughout human evolution, and continued over the centuries of western civilization despite controversy and blame of co-sleeping mothers for the deaths of their infants. By the past century, "crib death" was recognized, later identified as Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), and generally found ...
Matturri Luigi - - 2006
Various risk factors have been postulated to be related to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Despite its reduction, thanks to the "Back to Sleep" campaign, SIDS is still a major cause of infant mortality in the first year of life. The purpose of this study was to correlate the different ...
Maggio Albane B R - - 2006
Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) has a high prevalence in infancy. The supine position is among numerous aggravating factors. The exact relationship between GOR and apparently life-threatening events (ALTE) is not clear, although it has been repeatedly investigated. In 1992 the worldwide Back to Sleep campaign was implemented, which had a dramatic ...
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