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Results 201 - 250 of 1346
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Schluter Philip J - - 2007
AIM: To report infant care practice prevalence for known modifiable sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk factors among a generally disadvantaged yet low-SIDS rate population of mothers with Pacific infants. METHODS: The Pacific Islands Families study follows a cohort of Pacific infants born at a large tertiary hospital in South ...
Forsyth L - - 2007
Genetic deficiencies of the hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase system, either of the enzyme (G6PC1) or of the glucose-6-phosphate transporter (G6PT1), result in fasting hypoglycaemia. Low hepatic G6PC1 activities were previously reported in a few term sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) infants and assumed to be due to G6PC1 genetic deficiencies. In preterm ...
Markowitz Sara - - 2008
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of mortality among infants and is responsible for thousands of infant deaths every year. Prenatal smoking and postnatal environmental smoke have been identified as strong risk factors for SIDS. Given the link between smoking and SIDS, this paper examines the direct ...
Mitchell Edwin A - - 2007
The "Back to Sleep" campaign resulted in a dramatic decrease in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) worldwide. SIDS mortality has continued to decline (in New Zealand by 63% from 1993 to 2004), but the reason for this has not been explained. A postal survey found that the proportion of infants ...
Krous Henry F - - 2007
Whether levels of fetal hemoglobin (HbF), a possible marker of antecedent hypoxemia, are increased in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) compared to controls is unresolved. Our aims are to: (1) Compare percent fetal hemoglobin (%HbF) levels in SIDS and control cases, and (2) compare our findings with those reported in ...
Machaalani R - - 2007
In a retrospective postmortem study, we examined the neuronal expression of active caspase-3, a specific apoptotic marker, in the brainstem of 67 infants dying from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and 25 age-matched control infants (non-SIDS). Neuronal immunostaining for active caspase-3 was semi-quantitatively scored in nuclei from five brainstem levels: ...
Vennemann M M T - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There are claims that immunisations cause sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), but some studies have found either no association or that they are associated with a reduced risk of SIDS. AIMS: To conduct a meta-analysis examining the relationship between immunisation and SIDS. METHODS: Nine case-controls studies were identified examining ...
Gauda Estelle B - - 2007
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the major cause of death in infants between 1 month and 1 year of age. Two particular concerns are that (1) premature or low birth weight (<2500-g) infants have a 2- to 40-fold greater risk of dying of SIDS (depending on the sleep position) ...
Cutz Ernest - - 2007
Pulmonary neuroendocrine cells (PNEC), including neuroepithelial bodies (NEB), are amine- and peptide (for example, bombesin)-producing cells that function as hypoxia/hypercapnia-sensitive chemoreceptors that could be involved in the pathophysiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). We assessed morphometrically the frequency and size of PNEC/NEB in lungs of infants who died of ...
Sharma B R - - 2007
During the last decade, much attention has been paid to the risk factors of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Many researchers have demonstrated that infant-care practices are linked to the risk of SIDS. Prone sleeping, bed sharing, maternal substance abuse, and cigarette smoking have been reported to be significant potentially ...
Horsley Tanya - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine evidence of benefits and harms to children associated with bed sharing, factors (eg, smoking) altering bed sharing risk, and effective strategies for reducing harms associated with bed sharing. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Healthstar, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, Turning Research Into Practice, and Allied and Alternative Medicine databases ...
Krous Henry F - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: (1) To compare demographic profiles among sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) infants with or without gastric aspiration, for whom cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) had not been attempted; (2) to review the severity and potential significance of aspiration in those SIDS cases; and (3) to assess the risk of supine sleep ...
Hudson Diana - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study analyzed records of boating or other watercraft-related events in Alaska from 1999-2004, where at least one drowning occurred, to identify factors associated with survivors of these same events. DATA: Records of recreational boating events involving at least one fatality were obtained through the U.S. Coast Guard. ...
Malloy Michael H - - 2007
Small for gestational age (SGA) infants have been reported to be at higher risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). To compare the risk of SIDS among SGA and large for gestational age (LGA) infants with that of death from other causes of sudden unexpected deaths in infancy (SUDI) and ...
Petrova Anna - - 2007
The neutrophils and complement system are the critical elements of innate immunity mainly due to participation in the first line of defense against microorganisms by means of phagocytosis, lysis of bacteria and activation of naive B-lymphocytes. In this report we provide an overview of the up to date information regarding ...
Edner Ann - - 2007
AIM: To compare known risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) amongst infants with apparent life threatening events (ALTE) with their matched controls, and ALTE infants who subsequently died of SIDS with infants surviving an ALTE. METHODS: Questionnaires with replies were obtained from 58 ALTE infants and 56 sex ...
Takatsu Akihiro - - 2007
The diagnosis of the cause of sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) is often difficult work for forensic pathologists. Its misdiagnosis or misclassification is the cause of crucial epidemiological and medicolegal problems. During the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) epidemic, many reports described the risk factors of SIDS as well as ...
Balci Yasemin - - 2007
The simultaneous sudden deaths of twins rarely occur and therefore it has received limited attention in the medical literature. When the deaths of the twins meet the defined criteria for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) independently and take place within the same 24 h range it can be called as ...
Wilson Ann L - - 2007
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) has dramatically declined nationally and in South Dakota since the beginning of the "Back to Sleep Campaign" in 1994. Nonetheless, in spite of data showing that the majority of babies now are placed on their backs, data from the US and South Dakota show that ...
Mitchell E A - - 2007
This article reviews the evidence for the current UK Department of Health recommendations for prevention of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and suggests other factors that should be considered. The wording of the Department of Health recommendations for SIDS prevention has changed over the past 6 years, but the specific ...
McKenna James J - - 2007
Twenty years ago a new area of inquiry was launched when anthropologists proposed that an evolutionary perspective on infancy could contribute to our understanding of unexplained infant deaths. Here we review two decades of research examining parent-infant sleep practices and the variability of maternal and infant sleep physiology and behavior ...
Barnes-Josiah Debora L - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of "This Side Up" T-shirts on parental practices in Nebraska. METHODS: A random sample of 3,210 Nebraska women who gave birth in 2004, stratified by race/ethnicity, was mailed a brief questionnaire on their receipt of a T-shirt and SIDS risk reduction materials at their birthing ...
Wilson Ann L - - 2007
The year 2005 brought an increase in the number of births in South Dakota and a decrease in both low birth weight and infant mortality for both its white and American Indian babies. Paralleling national trends, this report shows that South Dakota has declining rates of smoking during pregnancy, births ...
Haycock George - - 2007
Despite a considerable fall in numbers over the last 15 years, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) remains the commonest cause of death of infants between one month and one year of age in the U.K. The cause of SIDS is unknown and there may be several causes, some specific to ...
Vargas Sergio L - - 2007
We compared the frequency of Pneumocystis in 126 sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases with a control group of 24 infants from the San Diego SIDS/SUDC Research Project who died of accidental or inflicted injuries. Cysts were identified in 33% of SIDS cases and 29% of controls. We conclude that ...
Cronk Lisa B - - 2007
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is one of the leading causes of death during the first year of life. Long QT syndrome (LQTS)-associated mutations may be responsible for 5% to 10% of SIDS cases. We recently established CAV3-encoded caveolin-3 as a novel LQTS-associated gene with mutations producing a gain-of-function, LQT3-like ...
Flaig Christian - - 2007
Despite extensive research, a link between the assumed mechanisms of death and known risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has not yet been established. Modifiable risk factors such as prone sleeping position, nicotine exposure and thermal stress and non-avoidable risk factors like male gender and some risky socio-economic ...
Adler Michelle R - - 2006
Non-supine sleep position and parental tobacco use are known risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Recent studies show that co-sleeping (bed sharing) slightly increases the overall risk of SIDS (strength of recommendation [SOR]: B) and is greatest for infants less than 11 weeks old (SOR: B). The relationship ...
Clegg-Lamptey J N A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the normal (non-inflamed) position of the vermiform appendix in Ghana and carry out a pilot study to test the hypothesis "The retrocaecal appendix is less prone to inflammation". DESIGN: Retrospective autopsy study. SETTING: The pathology department and the department of surgery theatres of the Korle Bu Teaching ...
Blair P S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diurnal occurrence of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and interaction with established risk factors in the infant sleeping environment. METHODS: A 3 year population-based case-control study, in five English Health Regions. Parentally defined day-time or night-time deaths of 325 SIDS infants and reference sleep of 1300 ...
Losiniecki Andy - - 2006
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the unexpected death of an infant under the age of 1 year, where a complete autopsy, including scene investigation, fails to reveal a cause of death. Although the frequency of SIDS has decreased almost 50% over the past 10 years, it remains the leading ...
Hanzer Marie - - 2007
The aim of this study was to determine whether prematurity affects heart rate responses during spontaneous arousals. Polygraphic recordings were performed during undisturbed daytime naps in 35 preterm infants (gestational age at birth 32+/-2 weeks) and 35 term infants. Arousals were scored according to the recommendations of the International Paediatric ...
Thoman Evelyn B - - 2006
Co-sleeping-infants sharing the mother's sleep space-has prevailed throughout human evolution, and continued over the centuries of western civilization despite controversy and blame of co-sleeping mothers for the deaths of their infants. By the past century, "crib death" was recognized, later identified as Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), and generally found ...
Matturri Luigi - - 2006
Various risk factors have been postulated to be related to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Despite its reduction, thanks to the "Back to Sleep" campaign, SIDS is still a major cause of infant mortality in the first year of life. The purpose of this study was to correlate the different ...
Maggio Albane B R - - 2006
Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) has a high prevalence in infancy. The supine position is among numerous aggravating factors. The exact relationship between GOR and apparently life-threatening events (ALTE) is not clear, although it has been repeatedly investigated. In 1992 the worldwide Back to Sleep campaign was implemented, which had a dramatic ...
Thompson John M D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that infants with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) found face down (FD) would have SIDS risk factors different from those found in other positions (non-face-down position, NFD). STUDY DESIGN: We used the New Zealand Cot Death Study data, a 3-year, nationwide (1987 to 1990), case-control ...
Randall Brad - - 2006
The annual report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is attached. This Committee has as its mission the review of infant and child deaths so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives. The 2005 review area includes South Dakota's Minnehaha, Turner, Lincoln, ...
Burke M J - - 2006
A unit has been designed which monitors newborn infants at risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) in a home environment. The unit monitors respiration, electrocardiogram (ECG) and haemoglobin oxygen saturation (SpO2) in combination, in order to detect any potentially life threatening event at an early stage. Provision is made ...
Nishizawa Yoshiki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Local force distribution supporting the bodyweight of infants with Down syndrome (DS) appears to be different from that of healthy controls. The purpose of the present study was to establish methods to assess this force distribution and to allow therapeutic evaluation of neurological development in DS infants prior to ...
Aris Christine - - 2006
Infants requiring neonatal intensive care are often placed prone during their acute illness. After hospital discharge the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends supine sleep position to reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Little is known about nursing knowledge and practice regarding best sleep positions for infants ...
Shah Tushar - - 2006
We investigated the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on the relative risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) by linking data from Georgia birth and death certificates from 1997 to 2000. We estimated the effect of misclassifying smokers as non-smokers and the effect of being misclassified on SIDS rates, ...
Debertin A S - - 2006
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) is the principal inductive site for mucosal immune responses that are capable of T and B cell responses and antigen-specific responses. In previous independent studies different structures of MALT, e.g. bronchus-, larynx- and nose-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT, LALT, NALT) have been described separately in various frequencies ...
Edirisinghe Anuruddhi - - 2006
In the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) a sleeping infant is discovered lifeless. SIDS is a recognized medical disorder in the International Classification of Deaths. However, the Annual Health Bulletin of Sri Lanka has not documented any death due to SIDS. A post-mortem examination was performed according to the SIDS ...
Krueger Guenther - - 2006
The reconstruction of meaning in the aftermath of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is part of the grieving process but has to date been poorly understood. Earlier theorists including Freud, Bowlby and Kübler-Ross provided a foundation for what occurs during this time using stage theories. More recent researchers, often using ...
Hauge Opdal Siri - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the Gbeta3 subunit C825T polymorphism with regard to sudden unexpected infant death. The reported association between the Gbeta3s protein and increased immune cell function in humans makes this polymorphism highly interesting both with regard to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and deleterious infectious disease. METHODS: The cases ...
Vennemann M - - 2007
In Germany, 2910 infants died in 2004; for many infants the reason was clear, especially prematurity or congenital abnormalities. However, 394 babies die every year suddenly and unexpectedly. The cause may be immediately clear, but is often not obvious. (1) To describe the causes of explained sudden unexpected death in ...
Moscovis Sophia M - - 2006
The aims of this study were to analyze IL6 G-174C in relation to high interleukin (IL)-6 concentrations found in some sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) infants, and to assess the effects of IL6 G-174C, smoking status, and gender on IL-6 responses. SIDS infants, parents of SIDS infants, and populations with ...
Colson Eve R - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The risk for sudden infant death syndrome in black infants is twice that of white infants, and their parents are less likely to place them in the supine position for sleep. We previously identified barriers for parents to follow recommendations for sleep position. Our objective with this study was ...
Krous Henry F - - 2006
The potential diagnostic significance of prior family referral to Child Protective Services (CPS) in cases of sudden infant death is unknown. Therefore, the authors retrospectively searched for CPS data for the 5-year referral history on all 533 families whose infants died suddenly from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), other natural ...
Fredriksen S - - 2006
In this article, tragedy and utopia are juxtaposed, and it is proposed that the problem of "medicalisation" is better understood in a framework of tragedy than in a utopian one. In utopia, it is presupposed that there is an error behind every setback and every side effect, whereas tragedy brings ...
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