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Results 151 - 200 of 1346
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Hanzer Marie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: It has been reported that pacifiers might reduce the risk of SIDS by favouring infants' arousability from sleep. We evaluated the influence of a pacifier on the frequency and duration of spontaneous arousals in healthy infants. METHODS: Polygraphic recordings were performed in 14 infants with an age of 51.7+/-19.9 ...
Santiago-Burruchaga Mikel - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report our experience with a guideline approach for the assessment of apparent life-threatening events (ALTE) at our paediatric emergency department (PED). METHODS: Prospective observational case series study of a guideline approach for infants under the age of 12 months who suffered an ALTE between 1 April 2005 and ...
Randall Brad - - 2008
The mission of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is to review infant and child deaths so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives. The 2007 review area includes South Dakota's Minnehaha, Turner, Lincoln, Moody, Lake, McCook, Union, Hansen, Miner and Brookings counties. ...
Byard Roger W - - 2008
Examination of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) deaths in South Australia over a 7-year period from 2000 to 2006 was undertaken. There were 32 out of 35 cases where details of position when found were known. The data confirmed a marked decline in deaths in the prone position over the ...
Fu Linda Y LY Goldberg Center for Community Pediatric Health, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010, USA. - - 2008
To identify factors associated with infant sleep location. Demographic information and infant care practices were assessed for 708 mothers of infants ages 0 to 8 months at Women, Infants and Children centers. Generalized linear latent mixed models were constructed for the outcome, sleeping arrangement last night (room-sharing without bed-sharing versus ...
Blood-Siegfried Jane - - 2008
This study compared pathological findings from a neonatal rat model of sudden death with those from 40 sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) infants collected at autopsy. In the rat model, influenza A virus was administered intranasally on postnatal day 10, and on day 12 a sublethal, intraperitoneal dose of Escherichia ...
Chang Ruey-Kang R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) epidemiology in California. STUDY DESIGN: We used 1989 to 2004 California statewide death registry data. SIDS cases were selected by "age of decedent" <1 year and "cause of death" listed as SIDS. RESULTS: We identified 6303 cases (61% males) ...
Verbeek Marjan M A - - 2008
A failure to adequately respond to hypoxia has been implicated in the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Preterm infants are at increased risk for SIDS, thus we compared ventilatory and arousal responses to mild hypoxia [15% oxygen (O2)] in preterm and term infants. Eight preterm and 15 term infants were ...
Anuntaseree W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Sleep in a supine position and in a bed separate from but proximate to adults is recommended, in several Western countries, to prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Cultural differences and a lower rate of SIDS in Asian populations may affect concern with this problem and thus infant sleeping ...
Kiechl-Kohlendorfer U - - 2008
Our aim was to review the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) when infants are in child care (CC), to discuss factors potentially responsible for SIDS in this setting and to describe the impact of previous information campaigns on SIDS in CC. There is a remarkably increased risk of ...
Abdulrazzaq Yousef Mohamed - - 2008
AIMS: This study was undertaken to monitor infant care practice associated with SIDS and establish the incidence of SIDS in the UAE. METHODS: A total of 996 families were recruited for the study. One questionnaire was completed during the first 7 days after delivery, and was used to collect information ...
Thach Bradley T - - 2008
Two reflex mechanisms important for survival are discussed. Brain stem and cardiovascular mechanisms that are responsible for recovery from severe hypoxia (autoresuscitation) are important for survival in acutely hypoxic infants and adults. Failure of this mechanism may be important in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), because brain stem-mediated hypoxic gasping ...
- - 2008
During October 2005-September 2006 (federal fiscal year 2006), approximately 905,000 U.S. children were victims of maltreatment that was substantiated by state and local child protective services (CPS) agencies. Approximately 19% of child maltreatment fatalities occurred among infants (i.e., persons aged <1 year), and homicide statistics suggest that fatality risk might ...
Klintschar Michael - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Catecholamines may contribute to the cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). TH01, a tetrameric short tandem repeat marker in the tyrosine hydroxylase gene, regulates gene expression and catecholamine production. STUDY DESIGN: We investigated TH01 in 172 German Caucasian SIDS cases and 390 sex- and age-matched control subjects. RESULTS: ...
McKinney Christy M - - 2008
To identify factors predictive of either lateral or prone infant sleep positioning. We used data for 11340 mother-infant pairs from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System for infants born in Washington State, 1996 to 2002. We used predictive modeling to identify statistically significant (P < .05) predictors of lateral and ...
Hoppenbrouwers Toke - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypotheses that there is a lack of correlation between extreme events and epidemiologic risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and if conventional events are normal, their numbers should increase once a circadian decrease in breathing rate is established. In addition, the number of events ...
Becher Julie-Clare - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Specific genetic polymorphisms have been shown to be more common in unexplained infant death. The APOE genotype exhibits opposite effects at the extremes of age with protective effects of e4 on perinatal mortality but detrimental effects as age progresses. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the APOE e4 allele is associated ...
Sommerfield T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) has not been fully elucidated. Since the 1990s, a sharp decline in IHPS has been reported in various countries. Recent research from Sweden reported a correlation between falling rates of IHPS and of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). This was attributed ...
Van Norstrand David W DW Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 2008
The S1103Y-SCN5A polymorphism has been implicated as a proarrhythmic, sudden death predisposing risk factor in African Americans, including one postmortem investigation of African-American infants with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The purpose of this study was to assess whether the relatively African-American-specific common polymorphism S1103Y in the SCN5A-encoded cardiac sodium ...
Highet A R - - 2008
Due attention has been given to infectious agents and immune responses to infection in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). It has been acknowledged that the pathological, epidemiological and genotypic findings in SIDS infants suggest an infectious aetiology possibly being potentiated by immunoregulatory polymorphisms, however, the cause of SIDS is a ...
Stray-Pedersen Arne - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Surfactant protein A (SP-A) is synthesized in the lung and is a part of the innate immune system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of SP-A in lung tissue from fetuses, infants, children and adults with special regard to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: ...
Gottfredsson Magnús - - 2008
The pandemic influenza of 1918 (Spanish flu) killed 21-50 million people globally, including in Iceland, where the characteristics and spread of the epidemic were well documented. It has been postulated that genetic host factors may have contributed to this high mortality. We identified 455 individuals who died of the Spanish ...
Woida Francesca Maia - - 2008
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The true incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Brazil is unknown. The aim here was to identify SIDS cases in the city of Ribeirão Preto, State of São Paulo, between 2000 and 2005, in order to estimate its incidence. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective analysis of ...
Perskvist Nasrin - - 2008
We hypothesized that genetic variations of cytokines could contribute to the risk of developing a fatal immunological reaction in the heart of infants. Thus, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-10 gene polymorphisms versus induction of cardioimmunologxical responses in victims of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) were explored. We genotyped ...
Wiemann Martin - - 2008
Previous studies have demonstrated an inverse correlation between the degree of respiratory drive and NHE3 mRNA expression in the brainstem of awake rabbits. Here we show that the levels of NHE3 mRNA extractable from kryo-conserved tissue are highly variable also in the human brainstem. As an insufficient drive to breath ...
Krous Henry F - - 2008
Intrathoracic petechiae (IP), the most common gross finding in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases at autopsy, suggest upper airway obstruction (UAO) occurs during the terminal event. If true, IP would be expected more frequently among SIDS cases found face down compared to other face positions. We compare the rates ...
Machaalani Rita - - 2008
Immunoreactive expression of three cell death markers was quantitatively analysed in the human infant brainstem medulla. We assessed active caspase-3, TUNEL and single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) in a cohort of 92 infants, and analysed for: (i) variations in the immunoreactive expression with development; (ii) comparison of infants diagnosed with the Sudden ...
Matturri Luigi - - 2008
Objective: To evaluate the involvement of alterations of the central autonomic nervous system, particularly of the brainstem and cerebellum, in a wide set of victims of sudden and unexplained perinatal and infant death.Material and Methods: The study population consisted of 63 stillbirths, 28 neonatal deaths and 140 suspected SIDS. The ...
Woodruff Tracey J - - 2008
Our goal was to evaluate the relationship between cause-specific postneonatal infant mortality and chronic early-life exposure to particulate matter and gaseous air pollutants across the United States. We linked county-specific monitoring data for particles with aerodiameter of < or = 2.5 microm (PM2.5) and < or = 10 microm (PM10), ...
Tursan d'Espaignet Edouard - - 2008
Analysis was undertaken of trends in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Australia from 1980 to 2002 using Australian Bureau of Statistics data. The results showed a decline in the SIDS mortality rate from an average of 195.6 deaths per 100,000 live births in the period 1980-1990 to an average ...
Matturri Luigi - - 2008
In light of the growing information on the pathophysiology and clinical aspects of unexpected perinatal loss and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), a novel approach to the inherent problems by pathologists has become necessary. Herein, we propose an up-to-date protocol for accurate examination of the central autonomic nervous system and ...
Goberman Alexander M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: A definitive cause for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has not yet been identified, but some theories point to laryngeal or respiratory causes, in addition to theories of reduced arousal or reduced autonomic response. The occurrence of SIDS has dropped since the movement to place newborns to sleep in ...
Krous Henry F - - 2008
A fraction of SIDS cases have death delayed by successful CPR, yet they have not been compared to SIDS cases which were found dead or not successfully resuscitated. Our aims were to: (1) determine the percent of SIDS cases in the San Diego SIDS Research Project database for whom death ...
Esani Nahid - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk factors of 153 cases of apparent life-threatening event (ALTE) enrolled in the multicenter Collaborative Home Infant Monitoring Evaluation (CHIME) from 1994 to 1998 with the published risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). STUDY DESIGN: Trained CHIME interviewers gathered histories of infants with ALTE ...
Moon Rachel Y - - 2007
Despite declines in prevalence during the past two decades, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) continues to be the leading cause of death for infants aged between 1 month and 1 year in developed countries. Behavioural risk factors identified in epidemiological studies include prone and side positions for infant sleep, smoke ...
Malloy Michael H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been associated with poverty indirectly in the United States with the use of vital statistics data by using proxies of socioeconomic status such as maternal education. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this analysis was to examine the relationship of poverty to SIDS at an ...
Robb Michael P - - 2007
AIM: To examine the acoustic features of crying demonstrated by infants whose older sibling died of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and compare these features to a nonrisk group of infants. METHODS: Pain-induced crying episodes were collected from a group of healthy term (HT) infants and siblings of SIDS infants. ...
Krous Henry F - - 2008
Epidemiologic data suggest that SIDS is related to the sleep state, but exiguous literature has addressed infants who had been awake at the time of sudden catastrophic deterioration and subsequent death. The aims of this study are to: (1) Report five infants who were awake at the onset of the ...
Marmur Rachel - - 2007
The objective of this study was to assess the role of the newborn vestibular system on the infant's preferred position. Neonatal electronystagmography was recorded from 80 full-term healthy neonates in the prone and supine positions. Records were analyzed by the clinical ranking of dysmetria and dysrhythmia and computerized fractal analysis. ...
Randall Brad - - 2007
The 2006 annual report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is attached. This committee's mission is to review infant and child deaths so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives. The 2006 review region includes South Dakota's Minnehaha, Turner, Lincoln, Moody, Lake, ...
Shields Lisa B E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is defined as a diagnosis of exclusion, after an evaluation of the medical history, complete postmortem examination, and scene investigation. The diagnosis of SIDS in many sudden and unexplained infant deaths has not been consistently applied nationally or, prior to July 2003, in the ...
Howard Louise M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there is an association between sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and perinatal depression. METHOD: A case-control study design was used. Cases included women registered in a British primary care database with a live birth (1987-2000) and a subsequent SIDS death. Controls were women with a live ...
Rand Casey M - - 2007
Recent studies have identified abnormalities in the development and function of medullary serotonin (5-HT) pathways in postmortem brain from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases, suggesting 5-HT-mediated dysregulation of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) in SIDS. The human fifth Ewing variant (FEV) gene is specifically expressed in central 5-HT neurons ...
Moon Rachel Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of death among infants. Recently, new SIDS risk factors have emerged. OBJECTIVE: To determine knowledge and recommendations of pediatricians and family physicians regarding SIDS-relevant practices. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 3005 pediatricians and family physicians. RESULTS: Of the 783 respondents, pediatricians ...
Rubens Daniel D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the newborn transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) hearing screening tests of infants later diagnosed with the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). STUDY DESIGN: In a case-controlled study, the newborn TEOAE hearing screens of 31 infants who subsequently died of SIDS were retrospectively compared to those of 31 ...
Dettmeyer Reinhard - - 2008
Immunohistochemical and molecularpathologic techniques have improved the diagnosis of myocarditis as compared with conventional histologic staining methods done according to the Dallas criteria. Additionally, immunohistochemistry and in situ-hybridization are able to demonstrate viral infection, e.g. cytomegaloviruses in salivary glands and lungs, locations both known to be involved in cytomegalovirusinfection. However, ...
Bacon C J - - 2008
Recurrence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is rare but may give rise to confusion and controversy because of the differential diagnoses of familial disease or covert homicide. We examine eight studies of recurrent SIDS published in English since 1970. These studies reported relative risks of recurrence, as compared with ...
Leiter J C - - 2007
The likely processes of the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) were identified many years ago (apnea, failed arousal, failed autoresuscitation, etc.). The neurophysiological basis of these processes and the neurophysiological reasons some infants die of SIDS and others do not are, however, only emerging now. We reviewed recent studies that ...
Kahlert Christian - - 2007
This study was undertaken to determine the role of opiate use during pregnancy as a predisposing factor for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in infants born to HIV-infected mothers. In order to identify all infant deaths and their cause and association with maternal opiate use, the data of a nationwide ...
Wilson, C. Elizabeth.
The recorded rates of Sudden infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) are highest among Aboriginal infants. In non-Aboriginal communities, the rate of SIDS has decreased after interventions into infant care practices, such as sleeping infants in the supine position. Prior to intervention, it is necessary to know the infant care strategies utilized ...
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