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Results 101 - 150 of 1345
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Poetsch Micaela - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of variations in the sodium/proton exchanger 3 (NHE3) gene in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). STUDY DESIGN: Variations in the exons and promoter of the NHE3 gene were analyzed with direct sequencing analysis and mini sequencing (SNaPshot analysis) in 251 cases of SIDS, plus 50 ...
Randall Brad - - 2009
The 2008 annual report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is presented. This committee has as its mission the review of infant and child deaths so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives. The 2008 review area includes South Dakota's Minnehaha, Turner, ...
Ferrante L - - 2010
AIM: Several studies indicate that the mucosal immune system is stimulated in cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and our hypothesis is that this immune reaction is because of an unfavourable combination of functional polymorphisms in the cytokine genes. METHODS: Thus, in this study, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ...
Li Ling - - 2009
The Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) has recorded a significant increase of accidental asphyxia deaths in infancy associated with cosleeping in the state of Maryland in 2003. A total of 102 infants died suddenly and unexpectedly during 2003 in the state of Maryland. Of the 102 infants, 46 ...
Fracasso Tony - - 2009
Despite its decreasing incidence, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) still remains an important cause of death in infancy. Since Felix Platter described the case of a child suffocated because of a massive goiter (Platter E. Suffocatio a struma interna abscondita, circa iugulum. Observationum in hominis affectibus plerisque corpori et animo, ...
Dick Anne - - 2009
To determine whether biochemical parameters of cholinergic and oxidative stress function including red cell acetylcholinesterase (AChE), serum/plasma thyroglobulin, selenium, iron, ferritin, vitamins C, E, and A affect risk in apparent life-threatening event (ALTE), sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI). To assess these biochemical parameters ...
Rouleau C - - 2009
The characteristics of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in the French region of Languedoc-Roussillon from 2003-2008 were examined in a retrospective study of two groups classified as unexplained sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) (SIDS, n = 27) or explained SUDI (n = 22). The interval between the time the ...
Highet Amanda R - - 2009
Pathological and epidemiological findings in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) suggest an infectious aetiology with indications of involvement of staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs). While SEA, SEB and SEC have been found in the sera and tissues of SIDS cases, little is known about the role of intestinal Staphylococcus aureus or the ...
Hanzer Marie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pacifier use has been postulated to decrease the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The responsible mechanisms are, however, unclear. OBJECTIVES: Since little is known about the non-nutritive sucking (NNS) habits of infants during sleep, we investigated NNS patterns and changes of physiological parameters during NNS in sleeping ...
Eron Nancy B - - 2011
Despite a sustained public education campaign aimed at reducing the risks of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), it remains one of the leading causes of infant death. This study aims to determine physicians' knowledge of SIDS and whether physicians are discussing how to reduce the risk of SIDS with parents. ...
Pearce J L - - 2010
AIM: To examine the diversity of Escherichia coli serotypes found in the intestinal contents of infants who died of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) compared with that in comparison infants. METHODS AND RESULTS: Over the 3-year period, 1989-1991, in South Australia and Victoria (Australia), a total of 687 E. coli ...
Blabey Margaret H - - 2009
The Alaska Division of Public Health has stated that infants may safely share a bed for sleeping if this occurs with a nonsmoking, unimpaired caregiver on a standard, adult, non-water mattress. Because this policy is contrary to recent national recommendations that discourage any bed sharing, we examined 13 years of ...
Ackerman Michael J - - 2009
Thousands of infants, children, adolescents, and young adults die sudden and unexpectedly each year in the United States. A significant proportion are autopsy negative and are classified as autopsy negative sudden unexplained death (SUD) after the first year of life and as sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) if prior to ...
Semmekrot Ben A - - 2010
SIDS and ALTE are different entities that somehow show some similarities. Both constitute heterogeneous conditions. The Netherlands is a low-incidence country for SIDS. To study whether the same would hold for ALTE, we studied the incidence, etiology, and current treatment of ALTE in The Netherlands. Using the Dutch Pediatric Surveillance ...
Issler Roberto Mário Silveira - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Few studies in Brazil have been published about sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and none has addressed the mother's orientation about placing the infant to sleep in the supine position. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect on mothers of an individual educational intervention in the ...
Randall Brad B - - 2009
Although the rate of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has decreased over the last two decades, medical examiners and coroners are increasingly unwilling to use the SIDS diagnosis, particularly when there is an unsafe sleeping environment that might pose a risk for asphyxia. In order to reliably classify the ...
Paterson David S - - 2009
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is defined as the sudden and unexpected death of an infant less than 12 months of age that occurs during sleep and remains unexplained after a complete autopsy, death scene investigation, and review of the clinical history. It is the leading cause of postneonatal mortality ...
Campos Marlys - - 2009
1. Maternal tobacco smoking is the principal risk factor associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), a leading cause of death of infants under 1 year of age. Victims of SIDS show a higher incidence of respiratory control abnormalities, including central apnoeas, delayed arousal responses and diminished ventilatory chemoreflexes. 2. ...
Alastruey Jordi - - 2009
A difference has been observed between the newborn hearing screening tests of thirty-one SIDS cases versus control infants that survived the first year of life [Rubens DD, Vohr BV, Tucker R, O'Neil CA, Chung W. Newborn oto-acoustic emission hearing screening tests. Preliminary evidence for a marker of susceptibility to SIDS. ...
Niklasson Bo - - 2009
Ljungan virus (LV) has recently been associated with perinatal death in its natural rodent reservoir and also with developmental disorders of reproduction in laboratory mice. A strong epidemiological association has been found between small rodent abundance in Sweden and the incidence of intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) in humans. LV antigen ...
Rognum Ingvar Jon - - 2009
Mild infection may trigger sudden death in the vulnerable infant by cytokine interactions with a compromised medullary serotonergic (5-HT) system, leading to disrupted cardiorespiratory regulation and sleep-related sudden death. The cytokine interleukin (IL)-6 is elevated in the cerebrospinal fluid in SIDS. We tested the hypothesis that the expression of IL-6 ...
Blood-Siegfried Jane - - 2009
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is the most common cause of post-neonatal mortality in the developed world. The exact cause of SIDS is likely to be multifactorial involving a critical developmental period, a vulnerable infant, and one or more triggers. Many SIDS infants have a history of viral illness preceding ...
Kinney Hannah C - - 2009
The brainstem hypothesis is one of the leading hypotheses concerning the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). It states that SIDS, or an important subset of SIDS, is due to abnormal brainstem mechanisms in the control of respiration, chemosensitivity, autonomic regulation, and/or arousal which impairs the infant's response to life-threatening, but ...
Dwyer T - - 2009
In this review, we describe the epidemiological work conducted by ourselves and others on prone sleep position and sudden infant death. What we have learned since 1990 is that the prone sleep position was a major component of a casual pathway that was operating in over half of the SIDS ...
Rao Harish - - 2009
Prematurely born infants are at increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) if slept prone. Prematurely born infants would have an impaired response to an added dead space and lower respiratory muscle strength in the prone compared to the supine position. Prospective study. PATIENT-SUBJECT SELECTION: Twenty-five infants, median gestational ...
Mitchell Edwin A - - 2009
The cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is unknown. Many mechanisms have been postulated, although thermal stress, rebreathing of expired gases and infection/inflammation seem the most viable hypotheses for the causation of SIDS. Deaths from SIDS have reduced dramatically following the recommendation not to place infants to sleep prone. ...
Richardson Heidi L - - 2009
Impairment of the arousal process from sleep is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). We hypothesized that a greater propensity for cortical arousal in the prone position may, in a normal infant, be a protective mechanism to promote complete arousal in a vulnerable ...
Dettmeyer Reinhard - - 2009
Virus-induced myocarditis is a common disease even in infants and children, but diagnosis can be difficult according to the Dallas-criteria, which have been criticised as being too unreliable. The diagnosis has been substantially improved due to immunohistochemical techniques for characterization and quantification of myocardial inflammatory reactions as well as molecular-pathological ...
Morris James A - - 2009
There is a considerable body of evidence that common bacterial toxins, absorbed from the mucosal surface or delivered as part of a transient bacteremia, have a pathogenic role in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The candidate organisms are Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Death in SIDS is rapid, with infants ...
Highet Amanda R - - 2009
Consistent pathological findings in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) are seen which display similarities to the pathogenesis of toxaemic shock and/or sepsis. A key candidate infectious agent that is possibly involved is Escherichia coli, given its universal early colonization of the intestinal tract of infants and an increased frequency of ...
Huang Hai - - 2009
Various entities and genetic etiologies, including inherited long QT syndrome type 3 (LQT3), contribute to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The goal of our research was to biophysically characterize a new SCN5A mutation (S1333Y) in a SIDS infant. S1333Y channels showed the gain of Na(+) channel function characteristic of LQT3, ...
Edwards Shane - - 2009
The loss of a baby is always hard to cope with and the grieving process is likely to be difficult. Interventions to work with Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) families have improved grieving outcomes for many but the needs of Maori fathers are not well understood or catered to by ...
Pahm Ameer A - - 2009
The Maillard reaction can occur during the production of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) as a result of the addition of condensed solubles to the wet distillers cake during drying. The Maillard reaction can lead to the formation of unavailable or unreactive lysine as a result of binding of ...
Schlaud Martin - - 2010
The present study, which was part of the German SIDS Study (GeSID), enrolled sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases and population controls and obtained objective scene data via specifically trained observers shortly after discovery of each dead infant. Infants who had died suddenly and unexpectedly at ages between 8 and ...
Mage David T - - 2009
The Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) has four distinctive characteristics that must be explained by any theory proposed for it. (1) A characteristic male fraction of approximately 0.61 for all postneonatal SIDS in the US; (2) a distinctive lognormal-type age distribution arising from zero at birth, mode at about 2 ...
McMullen Sherri L - - 2009
Health care providers' opinions can influence how parents place their infant to sleep. Neonatal nurses can improve how they teach and model safe infant sleep practices to parents. To increase neonatal nurses' knowledge, a sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) prevention program was implemented. Program components included a computerized teaching tool, ...
Blair Peter S - - 2009
To investigate the factors associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) from birth to age 2 years, whether recent advice has been followed, whether any new risk factors have emerged, and the specific circumstances in which SIDS occurs while cosleeping (infant sharing the same bed or sofa with an adult ...
Blood-Siegfried Jane - - 2009
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is the most common cause of post-neonatal mortality in the developed world. The exact cause of SIDS is likely to be multifactorial involving a critical developmental period, a vulnerable infant, and one or more triggers. Many SIDS infants have a history of viral illness preceding ...
Kinney Hannah C - - 2009
The sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden death of an infant under one year of age that is typically associated with sleep and that remains unexplained after a complete autopsy and death scene investigation. A leading hypothesis about its pathogenesis is that many cases result from defects in ...
Blood-Siegfried Jane - - 2009
In developed countries, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the most common cause of death for infants between 1 month and 1 year of age. The etiology of SIDS is likely to be multifactorial, and current paradigms often describe three overlapping elements of risk. Those elements are a critical developmental ...
Franco Patricia - - 2008
Previous data have suggested that a prolonged QTc interval during the first days of life can be associated with some cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Analysis of heart rate variability during sleep in future SIDS victims has shown findings compatible with an imbalance in autonomic tone. We hypothesized ...
Laskey Antoinette L - - 2009
Recommendations for the evaluation of an unexplained death in infancy include a postmortem skeletal survey (PMSS) to exclude skeletal trauma. Objectives of this study were to assess adherence to these recommendations in forensic autopsies in children equal to or less than 36 months of age, and what factors influence the ...
Sperhake Jan P - - 2009
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a target for public health care in Germany. The aim of this study was to monitor data on risk-related behavior in the population of Hamburg, Germany, in order to respond to changes quickly and to estimate the effectiveness of prevention activities. Data have been ...
Goldwater Paul N - - 2008
The objective of this study was to provide a predictive tool to assist forensic and pediatric pathologists in the diagnosis of sudden unexpected infant death and to discuss the pathogenesis of intrathoracic petechial hemorrhages through a retrospective autopsy report review of 174 sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases (2004 definition) ...
Hauck Fern R - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to examine the sleeping arrangements for infants from birth to 1 year of age and to assess the association between such arrangements and maternal characteristics. METHODS: Responses to the 3-, 6-, 9-, and 12-month questionnaires from the Infant Feeding Practices Study II were analyzed to assess ...
Fernando Ravindra - - 2008
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), also known as 'unexplained deaths under one year', is rarely reported in Sri Lanka as a cause of post-neonatal mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the opinion of paediatricians and pathologists regarding the reasons for this rarity. Members of the Colleges of ...
Elliot J G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To develop an approach for seeking informed consent to examine tissues retained from a previous study of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) as part of a study on asthma, and to document responses and participation rate. DESIGN: Pilot open-ended approach to 10 volunteer SIDS parents, followed by staged approach ...
Coleman-Phox Kimberly - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between room ventilation during sleep and risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). DESIGN: Population-based case-control study. SETTING: Eleven California counties. PARTICIPANTS: Mothers of 185 infants with a confirmed SIDS diagnosis and 312 randomly selected infants matched on county of residence, maternal race/ethnicity, and age. ...
Goldwater P N - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine and compare bacteriological findings at autopsy of cases of sudden unexpected infant death and those of deaths from other cause. DESIGN: Autopsy report review of 130 sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases (2004 definition), 32 cases of sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) due to infection and ...
Hanzer Marie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: It has been reported that pacifiers might reduce the risk of SIDS by favouring infants' arousability from sleep. We evaluated the influence of a pacifier on the frequency and duration of spontaneous arousals in healthy infants. METHODS: Polygraphic recordings were performed in 14 infants with an age of 51.7+/-19.9 ...
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