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Duvareille Charles - - 2012
While prenatal environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure is a well-known risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome, the effect of postnatal ETS exposure is less clear. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of postnatal ETS exposure on non-nutritive swallowing (NNS) and NNS-breathing coordination, which are crucial ...
Sucharew Heidi - - 2012
Latent profile analysis (LPA) has been used previously to classify neurobehavioral responses of infants prenatally exposed to cocaine and other drugs of abuse. The objective of this study was to define NICU Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS) profile response patterns in a cohort of infants with no known cocaine exposure or ...
Ascher Simon B - - 2012
Invasive candidiasis is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in neonatal intensive care units. Treatment recommendations are limited by a lack of comparative outcomes data. We identified all infants ≤ 120 days of age with positive blood, urine, or cerebrospinal fluid cultures for Candida species who received amphotericin B ...
Brindle Mary E - - 2012
Background: Gastroschisis is increasing in incidence worldwide. There is a need for a disease-specific, population-based approach to determining factors linked with gastroschisis and its outcome. Objectives: To examine racial, socioeconomic, health and geographic predictors of gastroschisis and its outcome in Canada. Methods: 535 cases of gastroschisis from the Canadian Pediatric ...
Eleni Dit Trolli Sergio - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The rapid growth of the developing brain during early post-natal life makes it particularly vulnerable to a nutritional deficit. The neurological development of the very low birth weight preterm infant could be related to early lipid supply. AIMS: To evaluate in preterm infants of gestational age ≤28weeks of amenorrhea ...
Borchman Douglas - - 2012
Human tear film stability decreases with increasing age. In this study, the changes in meibum composition were measured in search of markers of tear film instability. (1)H NMR nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra of 43 normal donors aged 1 to 88 years were acquired. Compared with meibum from adolescents and ...
Danileviciute Asta - - 2012
Genetic susceptibility to tobacco smoke might modify the effect of smoking on pregnancy outcomes. We conducted a case-control study of 543 women who delivered singleton live births in Kaunas (Lithuania), examining the association between low-level tobacco smoke exposure (mean: 4.8 cigarettes/day) during pregnancy, GSTT1 and GSTM1 polymorphisms and birthweight of ...
Lapillonne Alexandre - - 2011
Objective: To determine the types of parenteral lipid emulsions currently used for preterm infants, their mode of delivery, and the main disease conditions that are considered by neonatologists as contraindications. Design: National survey using a questionnaire. Setting: 155 neonatal departments in France. Results: 100 (65%) neonatal departments participated in the ...
Larsen Bodil M K - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study assessed the effects of administering a lipid emulsion containing eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid before and after open-heart surgery on cytokine production and length of hospital stay in infants. METHODS: Thirty-two infants (40 ± 2.3 weeks gestational age; 10.6 days at time of surgery) undergoing open-heart surgery with ...
Thomas E Louise EL Imperial College London, London W12 0NN, United - - 2011
Our investigation addresses the hypothesis that disruption of third trimester development by preterm birth alters multiple biological pathways affecting metabolic health in adult life. We compared healthy adult volunteers aged 18-27 y born at ≤ 33 wk gestation or at term. We used whole-body MRI, (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) ...
Shy Cherng-Gueih - - 2011
The study aimed to examine the impact of prenatal exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) on infant neurodevelopment. PBDEs levels in 36 cord blood samples were analyzed with a high-resolution-gas-chromatograph/high-resolution-mass-spectrometer and infant neurodevelopment was assessed using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition. The mean and median ...
Mishra K - - 2011
Despite the worldwide ban on use of persistent organochlorine pesticides, their usage continued until recently in India, for vector-borne disease eradication programs and agricultural purposes. The concentrations of organochlorine contaminants, DDT and HCH, have been determined in human breast milk from Dibrugarh and Nagaon districts of Assam state, North-East India. ...
Shrestha Rashmi K - - 2011
This study represents a first step toward the evaluation of possible compositional differences in meibum from normal donors (Mn) and donors with meibomian gland dysfunction (Md) by (1)H-NMR spectroscopy. The results highlight the applicability of (1)H-NMR spectroscopy for the quantitative analysis of waxes, cholesteryl esters, and glycerides in meibum lipid ...
Modi Neena N Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK. - - 2011
Maternal overweight and obesity are associated with adverse offspring outcome in later life. The causal biological effectors are uncertain. Postulating that initiating events may be alterations to infant body composition established in utero, we tested the hypothesis that neonatal adipose tissue (AT) content and distribution and liver lipid are influenced ...
Diamond Ivan R - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Given the recent interest in the role of ω-6 lipids in the development of intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD), the authors sought to examine the role of parenteral lipids in the development of a serum conjugated bilirubin >100 μmol/L (5.9 mg/dL; CB100) in infants. Method: Between 2003 and 2004, ...
Lewandowski Adam J AJ Cardiovascular Clinical Research Facility, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United - - 2011
Intravenous lipid use is associated with an acute hyperlipidemia, but long-term consequences have not been studied. We investigated whether elevated lipids in humans during the critical period of preterm neonatal life have a long-term impact on aortic and myocardial function relevant to adult disease. We followed up 102 subjects born ...
Lilja Helene Engstrand - - 2011
Although premature infants with short bowel syndrome are at the highest risk of developing intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD), they have great capacity for intestinal growth and adaptation if IFALD can be prevented. Conventional soybean oil-based intravenous lipid emulsions have been associated with IFALD. This study presents data on 5 ...
Janvier A - - 2011
Background: Adequate nutritional intake is essential in the very-low-birth-weight infant, but difficult to achieve in the first few postnatal days. Can lipids be given enterally in the first few days of life in sick preterm infants? Objective: To determine tolerance and absorption of lipid emulsion when fed enterally to very-low-birth-weight ...
Chen Chen-Jung - - 2011
chen c.-j., chen y.-c., sung h.-c., kuo p.-c. & wang c.-h. (2011) Perinatal attachment in naturally pregnant and infertility-treated pregnant women in Taiwan. Journal of Advanced Nursing. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05665.x ABSTRACT: Aim.  This article is a report of a study of the differences in maternal-foetal attachment and maternal-infant attachment among naturally pregnant ...
D'Halluin Amélie Ryckewaert - - 2011
Aim:  To evaluate formative evaluation, a pedagogic method that sensitizes mothers to SIDS, as a new way to improve prevention of SIDS. Methods:  Prospective and randomized study. Mothers in a test-group (n=148) received an educative questionnaire about SIDS during maternity stay. Three months later we evaluated by a telephonic interview ...
Rogers Nikki L - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To identify specific cultural and behavioural factors that might be influenced to increase colostrum feeding in a rural village in Northern Ethiopia to improve infant health. DESIGN: Background interviews were conducted with six community health workers and two traditional birth attendants. A semi-structured tape-recorded interview was conducted with twenty ...
Opdal S H - - 2011
Findings of hypoxia prior to death and involvement of a dysregulation of the serotonergic network in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) may indicate that brain-derived neutrophic factor (BDNF) also is of importance with regard to sudden unexpected infant death. Based on this, the purpose of this study was to investigate ...
Tanskanen Päivikki P Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland. - - 2011
Previous studies have indicated that preterm birth and low birth weight are associated with structural brain abnormalities and neurocognitive deficits in childhood and adolescence, although very few studies have included follow-up in adulthood. Here we assessed the effect of preterm delivery (524 subjects; mean 34.6 weeks, S.D. = 1.7) or ...
Memon Shazia - - 2010
To assess the practice and knowledge of mothers regarding breast feeding, complimentary feeding, and to find out socio-economic correlates of feeding practices. A cross sectional survey conducted at paediatric department of Liaquat University Hospital (LUH) from Jan-Dec 2008. During that period 500 mothers with children less than 24 months were ...
Akter Shamima - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to assess the duration of breastfeeding and the sociodemographic factors affecting it. Data for the study were drawn from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2004. In total 5,364 mothers were included in the study. The life table and Cox's proportional hazards model were ...
Li Qing - - 2011
Integrating evidence from demography and epidemiology, we investigated whether the association between maternal achieved status (education) and infant mortality differed by maternal place of origin (nativity) over the life course of Chinese Americans. We conducted a population-based cohort study of singleton live births to US-resident Chinese American mothers using National ...
Fu Linda Y - - 2010
Bed sharing has been associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and may contribute to the racial disparity seen in infant mortality. It is unclear how bed sharing interacts with other factors to impact SIDS risk. We aimed to measure the effects of bed sharing on risk of SIDS in ...
Bar-Yishay Ephraim - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Prone sleeping position, use of soft mattresses and head covering by bedclothes are known risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Rebreathing carbon dioxide (CO(2)) may be a possible mechanism or a confounding factor of SIDS. OBJECTIVE: To compare the aeration properties of a new concept of infant ...
Saiki Tolulope - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The vulnerability of prematurely born infants to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in the prone position might be explained by a reduced ability to respond to a stress, such as hypercarbia, in that position; our objective, therefore, was to further explore the influence of position on the response to ...
Oden Rosalind P - - 2010
African American infants continue to be at more than twice the risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) than Caucasian Americans. In addition, African Americans are twice as likely to place their infants prone for sleep. To investigate, using qualitative methods, factors influencing African American parents' decisions regarding infant sleep ...
Randall Brad - - 2010
The 2009 annual report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is presented. Since 1997, RICMRC has sought to achieve its mission to "review infant and child deaths so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives." For the year 2009, the Committee reviewed ...
Highet Amanda R - - 2010
To investigate if carriage of interleukin 1 (IL-1) receptor antagonist gene variants are associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in a large cohort of case-control demographically matched infants. 118 SIDS and 233 control infants, who were matched to each SIDS infant by date of birth, sex, birth weight (±500 ...
Silva Jennifer N A - - 2010
Uncertainty exists whether hearts from infants who have died of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) are acceptable for transplantation because the mechanism of death in SIDS remains unclear. We analyzed post-transplant outcomes in infants who received a heart from a donor where SIDS was the primary cause of brain death. ...
Courts Cornelius - - 2010
The sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is currently defined as "the sudden unexpected death of an infant less than 1 year of age with onset of the fatal episode apparently occurring during sleep, that remains unexplained after a thorough investigation". SIDS, whose etiology remains rather vague, is still the major ...
Richardson Heidi L - - 2010
Victims of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) may have preexisting abnormalities in their arousal pathways, inhibiting the progression of subcortical activation (SCA) to full cortical arousal (CA). Approximately 60% of SIDS victims are male, and it has been suggested that male infants have delayed cortical maturation compared to females. ...
du Toit-Prinsloo L - - 2011
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) has been reported to be the leading cause of death in infants under 1 year of age in many countries. Unfortunately, a paucity of published research data exists in South Africa, with regard to the incidence of and investigation into the circumstances surrounding Sudden Unexplained Deaths ...
Opdal Siri H - - 2011
Genetic risk factors play a role in sudden unexpected infant death; either as a cause of death, such as in cases with medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency and cardiac arrest due to long QT syndrome, or as predisposing factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Most likely genetic predisposition to ...
Horne Rosemary S C - - 2010
In infants the cardiorespiratory system undergoes significant functional maturation after birth and these changes are sleep-state dependent. Given the immaturity of these systems it is not surprising that infants are at risk of cardiorespiratory instability, especially during sleep. A failure of cardiovascular control mechanisms in particular is believed to play ...
Opdal Siri H - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the aquaporin-4 (AQP4) gene in cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and controls and to elucidate the hypothesis that a genetically determined disturbed water homeostasis in the brain is involved as a predisposing factor in SIDS. The single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) ...
Nachman Ricardo - - 2010
A case of unexpected death of an infant with an abnormally elongated uvula is presented. The child, born prematurely, was recovering from protracted treatment in hospital, including surgical interventions and periods of ventilation support necessitating recurrent intubations and anesthesia. She was discharged home in good general health, affected by episodes ...
Kadhim Hazim - - 2010
Dysfunction in vital brainstem centers, including those controlling cardiorespiratory- and sleep/arousal pathophysiology, is reported in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Biological mechanisms underlying SIDS, however, remain unclear. Cytokines are inter-cellular signaling chemicals. They can interact with neurotransmitters and might thus modify neural and neuroimmune functions. Cytokines could therefore act as ...
Wu Mei-Hwan - - 2010
Sudden death (SD) in children is rarer than in adults. In the pediatric population, SD accounts for less than one tenth of deaths from all causes. SD in infants is a separate entity commonly termed "sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)". Previous studies on SD in pediatric patients primarily focused on ...
Highet Amanda R - - 2011
Similarities have been drawn between models of endotoxic shock and gross and microscopic pathology observed in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases. Polymorphisms in genes that influence the expression of endotoxin receptors could affect the outcome of toxaemia, and could, therefore, play a role in SIDS. The CD14 gene promoter ...
McManus Verne - - 2010
Maori babies in Aotearoa/New Zealand die of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) at over five times the rate of their non-Maori peers. Research and health promotion around modifiable risk factors has produced only a small improvement in this situation since the mid-1990s. This paper reports on life story interviews, conducted ...
Moon Rachel Y - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate, by using qualitative methods, perceptions about sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in African-American parents and how these influence decisions. STUDY DESIGN: Eighty-three mothers participated in focus groups or individual interviews. Interviews probed reasons for decisions about infant sleep environment and influences affecting these decisions. Data were coded, ...
Nennstiel-Ratzel U - - 2010
BACKGROUND: With simple prevention measures SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome) incidence rates can be reduced. A cross-sectional survey in Bavaria in 2005 showed that maternity units fall short in acting as role models and informing parents regarding SIDS prevention and that parents did not sufficiently apply prevention measures. An information ...
Wilson Leigh - - 2010
The sudden death of an infant is a traumatic experience for both families and health practitioners. The most common cause of sudden infant death is SIDS, defined as 'the sudden and unexpected death of an infant under 1 year of age, with onset of lethal episode apparently occurring during sleep, ...
Kaufman Tamara - - 2010
Although two recent films, Orgasmic Birth and Pregnant in America, were intended for the big screen, they can also serve as valuable teaching resources in multiple childbirth education settings. Each film conveys powerful messages about birth and today's birthing culture. Depending on a childbirth educator's classroom setting (hospital, birthing center, ...
Killen Stacy A S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Heterozygous and homozygous carriers of SCN5A-p.Ser1103Tyr, a common genetic variant with functional effects among African-Americans, have an increased risk of sudden death. We hypothesized that some heterozygous carriers may have unequal expression of wild-type and variant alleles and secondarily that predominance of the variant gene copy could further increase ...
Möllborg P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Following the change from prone to supine in preferred sleeping position, the incidence of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) in Sweden fell from 1.1 per 1000 live births in 1992 to 0.41 in 1995. After a further small decline, we have been experiencing a plateau at around 0.25 since ...
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