Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1345
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Beal S M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare the epidemiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) over three consecutive decades. METHODOLOGY: The birth history, infant's developmental and health history, infant care practices for the infant, death scene investigation and autopsy findings for all infants dying suddenly and unexpectedly in South Australia (SA) between January 1968 ...
Beal S M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for infants who die suddenly and unexpectedly, but whose deaths are not related to prone position, or having the head covered. METHODOLOGY: A case-control study was designed in which the cases were infants who had died of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in South ...
Edner A - - 2000
Heart rate variability (HRV) is often used as an index of sympatho-vagal balance. A decreased HRV has been observed in patients with central hypoventilation and in infants who have later succumbed to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The aim of the present study was to investigate whether HRV is altered ...
Curran A K - - 2000
Developmental abnormalities have been described in the arcuate nucleus of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) victims. The arcuate nucleus has putative homologues in chemosensitive areas of the ventral medulla in animals. We refer to some of these areas collectively as the rostral ventral medulla (RVM). In the RVM of decerebrate ...
Randall B - - 2000
The 1999 Annual Report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is presented. Our Regional (Minnehaha, Lincoln, and Turner Counties) incidence for Sudden Infant Death (SIDS) continues to significantly exceed the national rate. In this study, SIDS is strongly associated with prone sleeping and sleeping on soft ...
Gunn A J - - 2000
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS or cot death) was the major cause of post-neonatal infant death in many countries in the late 1970s and 1980s. There is now very strong evidence that public intervention campaigns targeting the prone sleeping position, which had been identified by epidemiological studies as a major ...
Rehan V K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The physiological basis underlying the decline in the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) associated with changing the sleep position from prone to supine remains unknown. AIMS: To evaluate diaphragm thickness (t(di)) and shortening in healthy term infants in the prone and supine positions in order to determine ...
Caddell J L - - 2000
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden death of an infant under 1 year of age that remains unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy. Despite recent reductions in the SIDS rate attributed to placing the baby to sleep on his back, SIDS remains ...
Togari H - - 2000
There are few reports about developmental behavior relating to roll over among healthy infants. We assessed the relationship between the placed position on sleeping and altered sleeping position the next morning by roll over among healthy infants. A health check-up clinic distributed a total of 1626 questionnaires to parents whose ...
Beech D J - - 2000
In victims of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), renal development has been reported to be significantly impaired. In the present study, we used stereological techniques to estimate volume of kidney cortex and total number of glomeruli in a group of human infants. Infants were classified according to cause of death-SIDS ...
Kemp J S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Prone sleep and unsafe sleep surfaces increase the risk of sudden infant death. Recent epidemiologic studies also suggest that when an infant's head or face is covered by bedding, or when a sleep surface is shared with others, the risk of dying increases. The inference of a causal role ...
Råsten-Almqvist P - - 2000
Heart and body weights were compared with regard to heart pathology and cause of death in well-defined groups of infants under 1 y of age. In the period 1980 to 1998, out of 468 infants autopsied at the Department of Forensic Medicine in Stockholm, Sweden, 331 died of sudden infant ...
Fuamatu N - - 2000
AIMS: To define ethnic origin and verify the diagnosis of sudden infant deaths among Pacific peoples in Auckland 1988-1996, and to elicit soci-econonic and demographic characteristics. METHODS: Police (P47) and coroner reports were analysed for an ethnic classification and diagnosis. Postneonatal and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) register and New ...
Page M - - 2000
Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) has been identified as a possible cause of SIDS. Several features of GOR unique to infants presenting with apparent life-threatening events (ALTEs) have led to its 'pathogenic' definition. One is that the life-threatening apnoea itself is initiated by GOR, another is that the ALTE relates to prolonged ...
Harper R M - - 2000
The mechanisms underlying failure in sudden infant death syndrome may involve inadequate compensatory motor responses to a hypotensive challenge; the insult may result from a shock-like sequence, or from a ventilatory challenge that leads to a hypotensive event. Structures ordinarily not considered in mediating breathing or cardiovascular control, especially cerebellar-related ...
Byard R W - - 2000
Concern has been expressed that the recommendation of supine sleeping position for infants would result in an increase in deaths due to gastric aspiration. A review of 196 cases of infant and early childhood death in children under 3 years of age, occurring over a 9-year period (September 1989 to ...
Mitchell E A - - 2000
This research uses a case-control study to examine the relationship between deprivation of area of residence and incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in New Zealand. Three hundred sixteen cases and 1221 controls were elicited with geocodable addresses. Infants living in the most deprived areas had a 5.9- (95%CI ...
Lucet V - - 2000
The possibility of reversible cardiac asystoly due to paroxysmal vagal overactivity (VO) has been well studied, first in adults, then in children, and finally in breath-holding spells. Few studies deal with infants and the incidence of VO among preterm, apparent life-threatening event (ALTE) and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). In ...
Spiers P S - - 2000
Risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) reaches a maximum in the third month. Thereafter, it decreases by half every 40 days or so. It is proposed that the relative sparing of the very young infant is a consequence of an innate (but temporary) characteristic possessed by the newborn infant. ...
Malloy M H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the changes in birth weight- and gestational age-specific sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) mortality rates since the publication of the sleep-positioning recommendations by the American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on Infant Positioning and SIDS. METHODS: This is a historical cohort study using US vital statistic linked ...
Blair P S - - 2000
To investigate patterns of infant growth that may influence the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Three year population based case control study with parental interviews for each death and four age matched controls. Growth was measured from prospective weight observations using the British 1990 Growth Reference. Five regions ...
Gibson E - - 2000
Since the 1992 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendation to put babies to sleep in the nonprone position and the subsequent 1994 "Back to Sleep" campaign, the U.S. rate of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has decreased more than 40%. This study reports sleep position practices in the greater Philadelphia ...
Macey P M - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine and identify relations between sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and wind, particularly the föhn wind, in Christchurch, New Zealand. DESIGN: A retrospective epidemiological study combining details of regional hourly meteorological variables and reported SIDS cases. SETTING: Christchurch, New Zealand, between 1968 and 1997 inclusively. PARTICIPANTS: All ...
Little B.B. - - 2000
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) victims are difficult to describe physically because they seem outwardly indistinguishable in nearly all characteristics from infants (alive or dead) of comparable chronological age. Relative (allometric) size of vital organ and body weights has not been examined among SIDS victims. In the present study, autopsy ...
Matturri L - - 2000
The theory that Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) may be related to lethal cardiac arrhythmias or heart block due to structural abnormalities of the conduction system is attractive and still of particular interest. We analyze 69 autopsied cases of SIDS (46 males and 23 females, infants ranging in age from ...
Willinger M - - 2000
CONTEXT: The success and simplicity of the 1994 national "Back to Sleep" campaign to reduce sudden infant death syndrome provides an opportunity to study which elements determine whether a behavior will change in the desired direction in response to a public health intervention. OBJECTIVE: To examine sociodemographic characteristics, motivation, and ...
Li D K - - 2000
To determine whether maternal exposure to pre-eclampsia/eclampsia during pregnancy increases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in offspring, we conducted a population-based case-control study using the California linked birth and death certificate data. All infants who died of SIDS (ICD-9 code 798.0) during 1989-91 were identified as cases. ...
Gold Y - - 2000
BACKGROUND: An allergic reaction with increased degranulation of mast cells has been suggested as a possible mechanism in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Study design: Mast cell releasability was assessed in 2 study groups: A, 22 subjects, 16 first-degree relatives of infants who had had an apparent life-threatening event (ALTE) ...
Matturri L - - 2000
The human arcuate nucleus (ARCn) is postulated to be homologous to ventral medullary cells involved in chemoreception, and respiratory and blood pressure responses. Abnormalities in central respiratory control may result from dysfunction of this anatomic ventral area. We evaluated the changes of the neuronal population of the medullary ARCn in ...
Carolan P L - - 2000
Rebreathing of exhaled air is one proposed mechanism for the increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome among prone sleeping infants. We evaluated how carbon dioxide (CO(2)) dispersal was affected by a conventional crib mattress and 5 products recently marketed to prevent prone rebreathing. Infant pulmonary laboratory. An infant mannequin ...
Sawaguchi T - - 2000
In the United States and most of European countries, a diagnosis of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) may be given only after an autopsy has been performed. Under the new definition of SIDS in Japan, an autopsy is now mandatory for the diagnosis of SIDS. However, according to the official ...
Thach B T - - 2000
Although gastric contents in the airways and lungs of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) victims is commonly found during postmortem examination, its significance as a sole or contributory cause of death has long been controversial. Currently, most authorities view such aspiration as resulting from "agonal" processes and, therefore, irrelevant to ...
- - 2000
The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended since 1992 that infants be placed to sleep on their backs to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Since that time, the frequency of prone sleeping has decreased from >70% to approximately 20% of US infants, and the SIDS rate ...
Cullen A - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Raised concentrations of antimony have been found in infants dying of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The presumed source of this antimony is toxic gases generated from fire retardants that are present in cot mattresses. The aim of this study was to determine the role of antimony in SIDS. ...
Lenoir Calenda P - - 2000
The purposes of this study were: (1) to compare our data with those reported in the general population; (2) to find a factor implicated in repetitive accidents; (3) to look for a possible genetic factor; and (4) to evaluate whether or not the risk of recurrence was the same in ...
McNamara F - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Familial aggregation of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been shown to be associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and apparent life-threatening events (ALTE) in infants. We wanted to determine the incidence of OSA in infants with siblings with ALTE and SIDS referred to our sleep clinic and to ...
Tipene-Leach D - - 2000
This paper uses findings from the Maori section of a multiethnic infant care practices (ICP) study undertaken in Auckland, New Zealand/Aotearoa, in 1998. It aims to increase understanding of present day Maori infant care practices in order, firstly, to inform infant health message and service delivery to Maori and, secondly, ...
Mallak C T - - 2000
The diagnosis of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been an enigma to medical examiners and coroners for decades. The recent drastic decrease in the number of SIDS cases has been associated with infants sleeping supine instead of prone. The apparent relation between sleeping position and SIDS has led to ...
Tirosh E - - 2000
In a previous study, a significant increased risk for unexpected death in infancy (UDI) among Arab infants as compared to Jews (RR: 5.2) was found. The incidence has significantly decreased in both groups during the 'back to sleep' campaign. The objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of ...
Wilson C E - - 2000
To identify contemporary Cree infant care practices and any risk factors associated with Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. A questionnaire conducted and recorded in the homes of 70 Cree women (83% of sample available) with infants under 12 months of age, living full time on a Cree reserve. Participatory observation was ...
Platt M W - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical characteristics associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and explained sudden unexpected deaths in infancy (SUDI). DESIGN: Three year population based, case control study with parental interviews for each death and four age matched controls. SETTING: Five regions in England (population, > 17 million; live ...
Harper R M - - 2000
The mechanisms underlying the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) appear to have origins in the fetal environment resulting in neural damage which later compromises responses to breathing or blood pressure challenges during sleep. The deficits appear to involve alterations in neurotransmitter receptors within regions involved in chemoreception and cardiovascular control. ...
McVea K L - - 2000
The objective of this article is to review the literature regarding the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in bottle-fed infants compared to those that are breastfed. A meta-analysis and qualitative literature review were performed. Cohort and case-control studies were included if they met a minimum SIDS definition and ...
Alm B - - 2000
The objective was to study living conditions of infants and their families in Scandinavia in the 1990s and to assess similarities and differences among the three Scandinavian countries. The emphasis is on health and normality rather than on diseases and other deviations from well-being. The subjects are the 869 controls ...
Ford R P - - 2000
AIM: "Reducing the risk" is a public health primary initiative to minimise the incidence of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) in New Zealand. A number of SIDS risks relate to infant sleep practices. We describe current prevalences of these practices. METHODS: A cohort of Canterbury mothers delivering live infants during ...
Djupesland P G - - 2000
Accumulation and re-breathing of CO2 in expired air has been suggested as one possible explanation for the strong association between prone sleeping position and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). This preliminary study applying a modern computational fluid dynamics (CFD) program to simulate the aerodynamics in an infant cot supports the ...
Thompson J M - - 2000
The relationship between thymic weights and previous feeding histories was examined in 294 infants of 37 wk gestation or more dying of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). One hundred and sixty-five infants had been breastfed exclusively, 89 had been partially breastfed and 40 had never been breastfed. We found no ...
Reid G - - 2000
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is frequently associated with a mild infection, the incidence peaking during the third month of life. We hypothesize that the neonatal immaturity of both the acute febrile response and hypothalamus promote neonatal protection from SIDS. Vagal afferents modify the febrile response. Vagotomized rodents displayed a ...
Vargas S L - - 1999
To delineate clinical and histological features of the first Pneumocystis carinii infection affecting the immunocompetent host, P. carinii-specific histological stains were performed on autopsy lung specimens from 534 consecutive pediatric patients (those with AIDS and malignancies were excluded) in Santiago, Chile. P. carinii clusters were found in 4 (25%) of ...
Byard R W - - 1999
The significance of petechial hemorrhages in cases of unexpected infant death remains uncertain. While intrathoracic petechiae occur in the majority of cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), their relationship to terminal mechanisms has been debated. Facial, conjunctival and external upper chest petechiae are not a feature of SIDS and ...
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