Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1359
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Cochran-Black D L - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine and compare fetal hemoglobin (HbF) fractions at birth in newborns exposed and not exposed to selected factors that have been reported to increase the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Previous studies have implicated HbF in the etiology of SIDS ...
- - 2001
In most cases, when a healthy infant younger than 1 year dies suddenly and unexpectedly, the cause is sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). SIDS is more common than infanticide. Parents of SIDS victims typically are anxious to provide unlimited information to professionals involved in death investigation or research. They also ...
Sos I - - 2001
Characteristic features of the panic patients is the increased sensitivity to the CO2. Respiratory pattern abnormalities such as prolonged apnea, diminished ventilatory responsiveness to hypercarbia have been observed in infants at risk for SIDS. Treating the panic attack the SSRI preparations proved to be suitable. Serotonin antagonists effect preventing SIDS ...
Thogmartin J R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of sleep position, sleep location, and bed-sharing on the incidence of sudden unexpected death in infancy and the frequency of significant autopsy findings. METHODS: We evaluated the cause of death in infants <1 year of age who died during sleep from January 1, 1986, through ...
Kiechl-Kohlendorfer U - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the epidemiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in the Tyrol before and after an intervention campaign. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Descriptive characteristics and risk factors of SIDS before the campaign were assessed in a retrospective case-control study (1984 to 1994). In April 1994 a country-wide information campaign ...
Scragg R K - - 2001
The smoking of cannabis and tobacco is common in many countries. In contrast to tobacco, which is an established risk factor for the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), nothing is known about cannabis and its effects on SIDS risk. We analysed data collected in a nation-wide case control study in ...
Alm B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: From the early 1970s to the early 1990s, there was a significant rise in the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Scandinavia. Following the risk reducing campaign, the incidence has fallen to about the same level as in 1973. AIMS: To identify the changes that have occurred ...
Csukás Z - - 2001
The potential role of microbial agents was investigated in 13 cases of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and in 9 non-SIDS cases in Budapest between September 1996 and May 1998. Autopsy, histological examination and microbiological tests were performed on samples of blood, cerebrospinal fluid, pharyngeal samples and lung tissue from infants ...
Spiers P S - - 2001
Between 2 and 11 months of age, the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) declines more slowly in black infants than in infants of other races. This phenomenon might also be a feature of certain non-SIDS causes of death. Identifying these causes may through analogy provide support for the ...
Mitchell E - - 2000
A study of 114 consecutive cases of unexpected infant death that occurred in South Australia over a 5-year period from January 1994 to December 1998 was undertaken. There were 45 deaths attributed to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), 19 to natural causes, 21 to accidents. and 5 to homicides; 24 ...
Mehanni M - - 2000
This paper examines some epidemiological factors associated with SIDS to give a general profile of SIDS cases occurring in Ireland between the years 1993 to 1997. There has been a dramatic decrease in the incidence of the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) in the Republic of Ireland in the last ...
Côté A - - 2000
CONTEXT: In addition to usual prone sleeping, unaccustomed prone sleeping represents a significant risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). However, little information is available regarding the circumstances leading caretakers to change the infant's sleep position to prone position in SIDS victims. OBJECTIVE: To determine, in a population of ...
Mitchell E - - 2000
Retrospective analysis of autopsy findings in 60 infants who had been found unexpectedly dead in their cribs or beds in South Australia from 1994 to 1998 was undertaken to determine the diagnostic usefulness of individual stages in the postmortem investigation. Positive findings occurred in 2 of 43 scene examinations (3%), ...
Beal S M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare the epidemiology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) over three consecutive decades. METHODOLOGY: The birth history, infant's developmental and health history, infant care practices for the infant, death scene investigation and autopsy findings for all infants dying suddenly and unexpectedly in South Australia (SA) between January 1968 ...
Beal S M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for infants who die suddenly and unexpectedly, but whose deaths are not related to prone position, or having the head covered. METHODOLOGY: A case-control study was designed in which the cases were infants who had died of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in South ...
Edner A A Department of Woman and Child Health, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2000
Heart rate variability (HRV) is often used as an index of sympatho-vagal balance. A decreased HRV has been observed in patients with central hypoventilation and in infants who have later succumbed to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The aim of the present study was to investigate whether HRV is altered ...
Curran A K - - 2000
Developmental abnormalities have been described in the arcuate nucleus of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) victims. The arcuate nucleus has putative homologues in chemosensitive areas of the ventral medulla in animals. We refer to some of these areas collectively as the rostral ventral medulla (RVM). In the RVM of decerebrate ...
Gunn A J - - 2000
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS or cot death) was the major cause of post-neonatal infant death in many countries in the late 1970s and 1980s. There is now very strong evidence that public intervention campaigns targeting the prone sleeping position, which had been identified by epidemiological studies as a major ...
Randall B B Department of Laboratory Medicine, USD School of Medicine, Sioux Falls, - - 2000
The 1999 Annual Report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is presented. Our Regional (Minnehaha, Lincoln, and Turner Counties) incidence for Sudden Infant Death (SIDS) continues to significantly exceed the national rate. In this study, SIDS is strongly associated with prone sleeping and sleeping on soft ...
Rehan V K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The physiological basis underlying the decline in the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) associated with changing the sleep position from prone to supine remains unknown. AIMS: To evaluate diaphragm thickness (t(di)) and shortening in healthy term infants in the prone and supine positions in order to determine ...
Caddell J L - - 2000
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden death of an infant under 1 year of age that remains unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy. Despite recent reductions in the SIDS rate attributed to placing the baby to sleep on his back, SIDS remains ...
Togari H - - 2000
There are few reports about developmental behavior relating to roll over among healthy infants. We assessed the relationship between the placed position on sleeping and altered sleeping position the next morning by roll over among healthy infants. A health check-up clinic distributed a total of 1626 questionnaires to parents whose ...
Beech D J - - 2000
In victims of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), renal development has been reported to be significantly impaired. In the present study, we used stereological techniques to estimate volume of kidney cortex and total number of glomeruli in a group of human infants. Infants were classified according to cause of death-SIDS ...
Kemp J S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Prone sleep and unsafe sleep surfaces increase the risk of sudden infant death. Recent epidemiologic studies also suggest that when an infant's head or face is covered by bedding, or when a sleep surface is shared with others, the risk of dying increases. The inference of a causal role ...
Råsten-Almqvist P - - 2000
Heart and body weights were compared with regard to heart pathology and cause of death in well-defined groups of infants under 1 y of age. In the period 1980 to 1998, out of 468 infants autopsied at the Department of Forensic Medicine in Stockholm, Sweden, 331 died of sudden infant ...
Fuamatu N - - 2000
AIMS: To define ethnic origin and verify the diagnosis of sudden infant deaths among Pacific peoples in Auckland 1988-1996, and to elicit soci-econonic and demographic characteristics. METHODS: Police (P47) and coroner reports were analysed for an ethnic classification and diagnosis. Postneonatal and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) register and New ...
Page M - - 2000
Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) has been identified as a possible cause of SIDS. Several features of GOR unique to infants presenting with apparent life-threatening events (ALTEs) have led to its 'pathogenic' definition. One is that the life-threatening apnoea itself is initiated by GOR, another is that the ALTE relates to prolonged ...
Harper R M - - 2000
The mechanisms underlying failure in sudden infant death syndrome may involve inadequate compensatory motor responses to a hypotensive challenge; the insult may result from a shock-like sequence, or from a ventilatory challenge that leads to a hypotensive event. Structures ordinarily not considered in mediating breathing or cardiovascular control, especially cerebellar-related ...
Byard R W - - 2000
Concern has been expressed that the recommendation of supine sleeping position for infants would result in an increase in deaths due to gastric aspiration. A review of 196 cases of infant and early childhood death in children under 3 years of age, occurring over a 9-year period (September 1989 to ...
Mitchell E A - - 2000
This research uses a case-control study to examine the relationship between deprivation of area of residence and incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in New Zealand. Three hundred sixteen cases and 1221 controls were elicited with geocodable addresses. Infants living in the most deprived areas had a 5.9- (95%CI ...
Lucet V - - 2000
The possibility of reversible cardiac asystoly due to paroxysmal vagal overactivity (VO) has been well studied, first in adults, then in children, and finally in breath-holding spells. Few studies deal with infants and the incidence of VO among preterm, apparent life-threatening event (ALTE) and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). In ...
Spiers P S - - 2000
Risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) reaches a maximum in the third month. Thereafter, it decreases by half every 40 days or so. It is proposed that the relative sparing of the very young infant is a consequence of an innate (but temporary) characteristic possessed by the newborn infant. ...
Malloy M H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the changes in birth weight- and gestational age-specific sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) mortality rates since the publication of the sleep-positioning recommendations by the American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on Infant Positioning and SIDS. METHODS: This is a historical cohort study using US vital statistic linked ...
Blair P S - - 2000
To investigate patterns of infant growth that may influence the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Three year population based case control study with parental interviews for each death and four age matched controls. Growth was measured from prospective weight observations using the British 1990 Growth Reference. Five regions ...
Gibson E - - 2000
Since the 1992 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendation to put babies to sleep in the nonprone position and the subsequent 1994 "Back to Sleep" campaign, the U.S. rate of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has decreased more than 40%. This study reports sleep position practices in the greater Philadelphia ...
Macey P M - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine and identify relations between sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and wind, particularly the föhn wind, in Christchurch, New Zealand. DESIGN: A retrospective epidemiological study combining details of regional hourly meteorological variables and reported SIDS cases. SETTING: Christchurch, New Zealand, between 1968 and 1997 inclusively. PARTICIPANTS: All ...
Little B.B. - - 2000
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) victims are difficult to describe physically because they seem outwardly indistinguishable in nearly all characteristics from infants (alive or dead) of comparable chronological age. Relative (allometric) size of vital organ and body weights has not been examined among SIDS victims. In the present study, autopsy ...
Matturri L - - 2000
The theory that Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) may be related to lethal cardiac arrhythmias or heart block due to structural abnormalities of the conduction system is attractive and still of particular interest. We analyze 69 autopsied cases of SIDS (46 males and 23 females, infants ranging in age from ...
Willinger M - - 2000
CONTEXT: The success and simplicity of the 1994 national "Back to Sleep" campaign to reduce sudden infant death syndrome provides an opportunity to study which elements determine whether a behavior will change in the desired direction in response to a public health intervention. OBJECTIVE: To examine sociodemographic characteristics, motivation, and ...
Li D K - - 2000
To determine whether maternal exposure to pre-eclampsia/eclampsia during pregnancy increases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in offspring, we conducted a population-based case-control study using the California linked birth and death certificate data. All infants who died of SIDS (ICD-9 code 798.0) during 1989-91 were identified as cases. ...
Matturri L - - 2000
The human arcuate nucleus (ARCn) is postulated to be homologous to ventral medullary cells involved in chemoreception, and respiratory and blood pressure responses. Abnormalities in central respiratory control may result from dysfunction of this anatomic ventral area. We evaluated the changes of the neuronal population of the medullary ARCn in ...
Carolan P L - - 2000
Rebreathing of exhaled air is one proposed mechanism for the increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome among prone sleeping infants. We evaluated how carbon dioxide (CO(2)) dispersal was affected by a conventional crib mattress and 5 products recently marketed to prevent prone rebreathing. Infant pulmonary laboratory. An infant mannequin ...
Gold Y Y Pediatric Intensive Care Unit and the Clinic for Infants at High Risk, Dana Children's Hospital, Tel-Aviv Medical Center, - - 2000
An allergic reaction with increased degranulation of mast cells has been suggested as a possible mechanism in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Mast cell releasability was assessed in 2 study groups: A, 22 subjects, 16 first-degree relatives of infants who had had an apparent life-threatening event (ALTE) and 6 infants ...
Sawaguchi T - - 2000
In the United States and most of European countries, a diagnosis of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) may be given only after an autopsy has been performed. Under the new definition of SIDS in Japan, an autopsy is now mandatory for the diagnosis of SIDS. However, according to the official ...
Thach B T - - 2000
Although gastric contents in the airways and lungs of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) victims is commonly found during postmortem examination, its significance as a sole or contributory cause of death has long been controversial. Currently, most authorities view such aspiration as resulting from "agonal" processes and, therefore, irrelevant to ...
- - 2000
The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended since 1992 that infants be placed to sleep on their backs to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Since that time, the frequency of prone sleeping has decreased from >70% to approximately 20% of US infants, and the SIDS rate ...
Cullen A - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Raised concentrations of antimony have been found in infants dying of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The presumed source of this antimony is toxic gases generated from fire retardants that are present in cot mattresses. The aim of this study was to determine the role of antimony in SIDS. ...
Lenoir Calenda P - - 2000
The purposes of this study were: (1) to compare our data with those reported in the general population; (2) to find a factor implicated in repetitive accidents; (3) to look for a possible genetic factor; and (4) to evaluate whether or not the risk of recurrence was the same in ...
McNamara F - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Familial aggregation of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been shown to be associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and apparent life-threatening events (ALTE) in infants. We wanted to determine the incidence of OSA in infants with siblings with ALTE and SIDS referred to our sleep clinic and to ...
Tipene-Leach D - - 2000
This paper uses findings from the Maori section of a multiethnic infant care practices (ICP) study undertaken in Auckland, New Zealand/Aotearoa, in 1998. It aims to increase understanding of present day Maori infant care practices in order, firstly, to inform infant health message and service delivery to Maori and, secondly, ...
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